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Ml 7 



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P -! 7 '•, 








, BY 


Fonncrly Editor^of "Chemical Abstracts*' 





London: CHAPMAN & HALL, Limited 

The PublishCTS and the Author i;^ ill be grateful to any of the readers of this 
volume who will kindly call their attention to any errors of omission or of com- 
mission that they may find therein. It is. intended to mt ke our pulblicationa 
standard works of study and reference, and, to that end, the greatest accuracy is 
sought. It rarely happens that early editions are free from errors; but it is the 
oideavor of the Publishers to have them removed immediately upon being dis- 
covered, and it is therefore desired that the Authors may be aided in their task of 
revision, from, time to time, by the kindly criticism of their readers. 

482 4th Avenue. 

Copyright, 1917, by 









Mt^-^'^ PREFACE 

Ab the title is meant to imply, this book is not solely a dictionary of 
chemical terms. It includes words from related fields of science and, 
what is perhaps a novelty in a technical dictionary, a general vocabulary 
(see the Introductign). More attention has also been paid to abbre- 
viations, prefixes and suffixes than in the average work of its kind. For 
^torical reasons a number of old terms are defined; where these might 
be cpnf used with modem meanings they are distinguished by the label 
"OW Chem." or in somie other way. It should be remembered, too, that 
some terms which have been replaced in chemistry are still in use in phar- 
macy or industry. 

If some of the chemical industries do not seem to be represented in 
due proportion, this must be ascribed to the fact that glossaries of them 
are not available and that war conditions have made it extremely difficult 
to secure German books. It is hoped that these departments may be added 
to in a later edition. 

The Intboduction is intended especially for students and classes in 
chemical German, but the sections on nomenclatiure should be of general 

The author is indebted to many friends, most of them assistant editors 
of "Chemical Abstracts,'* for information in their resi>ective fields and 
tw the loan of books. He is specially indebted to Prof. William T. Hall, 
i the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and to Prof. C. W. Foulk, 
of Ohio State University, who have read the proofs and whose suggestions 
liave been of great value. 

Dictionary authorities chiefiy consulted: General: Muret-Sanders, 
Encyelopadisches Worterbuch; Flugel-Schmidt-Tanger, Wdrterbuch; 
Duden, Orthographisches Wdrterbuch^ Technical: Eger, Technologisches 
Worterbuch; Harras, ditto; Lang-Meyers, German-English Medical Dic- 
tionary; and various special vocabularies. Text-books, journals and 
dealers' catalogs have also been examined for words. 

The publishers have offered every facility for improving the dictionary 
and the author invites correspondence as to errors and omissions. 

^iNu, Omo, January, 1917: 

With Their Roman Equivalents 




• • 

































• • 





















Microscopy. , 








neuter noun. 












participial adjective. 






Biology, Biological. 








Calico Printing. 










past participle. 


























feminine noun. 

















Thermodiem. Thermochemistry. 


masculine noun. 


auxiliary verb. 




intransitive verb. 




reflexive verb (with sieh). 




transitive verb. 






To the advanced worker in chemistry a knowledge of German is almost 
indisx>ensable, since a very large proportion of chemical literature is pub- 
lished in that language. Even if he has had a good general course in 
Grerman (which is too often not the case), he must become familiar with 
an immense special vocabulary which no dictionary can give completely. 
It is hoi>ed, therefore, that the following hints as to the use of this dictionary 
will be found helpful. 

General Words. A general vocabulary which is superior to many 
pocket dictionaries has been included, for two reasons: first, to save the 
user the trouble of looking up the more conmion German words in a separate 
dictionary; and secondly, because many general words have a technical, 
or at least a customary, chemical meaning. In a general work this meaning 
is often either absent or buried among other senses. In this dictionary 
the special chemical meaning is put fbrst or indicated in some way, the aim 
being in aU cases to give the user immediately the meaning he is most 
likely to be seeking. 

Self-evident Words. Words which are common to English and German 
'even with a slight variation in si>elling), and which are therefore so readily 
recognized that they are not likely to be looked up, are omitted from 
the vocabulary, unless there is a special reason for inserting them. 

Spelling. Owing to recent official German spelling reform, many va- 
mnt spellings appear in the current literature. In this book both old and 
flew forms are freely given, or what seems to be the prevailing chemical 
usage is followed, tho in doubtful cases the of&cial form is preferred. Those 
who wish to know the correct official spellings should consult Duden's 
" Orthc^japhisches Worterbuch " (inexpensive) or some similar book. 
For ordinary purposes it will suffice to know the following changes, which 
are not all invariable, but which apply to many words: 

c (hard) becomes k, as in Kohasion. 

c (with sound of ts) becomes z, as in Zylinder. 

iff and simj^ triplets lose one member, as Schiffahrt for Schifffahrt. 

i becomes ie in the verb ending -ieren (formerly -iren). 

ph becomes f , as in Efeu (formerly Epheu). 

th becomes t, as in Ton (formerly Thon). 

ti becomes zl in certain cases, as in Reagenzien. 



Umlauts are represented by two dots (never by e), as & instead of 
Ae. In this dictionary the only effect of an umlaut on the vocabulary 
order is to make the word follow a word of the pame spellinr without the 
umlaut. Thus fallen immediately follows fallen and is not placed under 
fae-. Similarly Ather is found under At-, not under Aet-. 

In the vocabulary s is used to represent both f and 0, and ss for % 
(and sometimes for SZ when the word is spelled in capitals; thus STRASZE 
would be found as Strasse). 

Noun Endings. Since the case endings of noiuis are occasionally 
puzzling, a r4sum6 of the ways in which German nouns may form nominative 
plurals from nominative singulars may be of assistance (note especially 7) : 

1. No change, as Kasten from Kasten. 

2. Umlaut, as Vogel from Vogel. 

3. Ending -e, as Jahre from Jahr. 

4. Umlaut and -e, Bslume from Baum. 

5. Ending -er and umlaut if possible, Manner from Mann, Kinder 
from Kind. 

6. Ending -n, -en, or -^en, Blumen from Blume, Doktoren from Doktor, 
Wirtinnen from Wirtin. 

7. Plurals from Latin and Greek neuters: Studien from Studium, 
Materialien from Material, Dramen from Drama. 

The other cases are either the same as the corresponding nominative 
or formed from it, as follows: genitive singular, -en, -en«, -c«, -n, -rw, or -s/ 
dative and accusative singular and dative plural, -n or -en. 

Irregular Verbs. The preterite, past participle, and present third 
singular (indicative) of simple verbs are given in all cases where the student 
migtt miss finding the meaning. In the case of comjwund verbs, if the 
irregular parts are not given one can easily find them by going back to 
the simple form; thus, if verschoh is not found, schoh is looked for and found 
to be the preterite of schieben, whence verschoh is the preterite of verschiehen. 
Again, if zerrissen were not found, the form gerissen would be looked up, 
because it is the corresxx)nding part of the simple verb; it is the past 
participle of reissent and accordingly zerrissen is from zerreissen. Regu- 
larly formed " strong '* past participles like gebacken are not systematically 
entered because they merely prefix gfe- to the infinitive. Participles used as 
adjectives are " run in " after the verbs from which they are derived. 
For the inflection of verbs, adjectives, etc., a grammar must be consulted. 

Adverbs. Since in German nearly any adjective may be used ad- 
verbially without change of form, the user of the dictionary is ordinarily 
left to form these adverbial meanings for himsdf . 

Prefixes and Suffixes. Combining forms are given plentifully in tlie 
vocabulary in the hope that the reader may often be able to determine the 


meaning of words that are not found in the dictionary. He is earnestly 
urged to make use of them, especially the suffixes, which are likely to be 
overlooked. Some of those defined are: -&hnlioh, -artig, *bar, -de, -el, 
-en, -er, -erlei, -em, -fach, -fait, -faltig, -formig, -haft, -haltig, -heit, -ioht, 
-ieren, -ig, -in, -isch, -keit, -lich, -ling, -los, -massig, -nis, -6s, «sam, -eohaft, 
-ung, -tb% -wSrts, -weise. 

Abbrmations. Many abbreviations found in German chemical liter- 
ature but not in English are entered in the vooabxilary in their proper 
places, as if the letters composing them spelled a word. 

Inorganic 'Nomenclature. Compounds may be named in German 
merely by compounding the names of the elements; as, Jodkalium (potas- 
sium iodide), SUiziumfluorwasaerstoff (hydrogen silicofiuoride, fluosilicic 
acid). Words formed from the names of two elements are usually to be 
translated by giving the -ide ending to the first part (Jodkaliimi, potassium 

Compounds are also named in a manner more like the English method; 

as, Strontiumchlorid (strontium chloride), Kaliumsulfid (potassium sulfide). 

To indicate a lower compound the ending -wr is used where -ows or «w6- 

would occur in English; as, Kupferchlorur (cuprous chloride), SUher- 

chlorur (silver subchloride). In corresponding names -id and -i2r are 

contrasted like -ic and -oils in English; thus, Kupferchlorid, in addition 

to its general sense of " copper chloride, '* is used particularly to designate 

eupric chloride. Another way of distinguishing between two compounds 

'of the same elements is by the use of Latin combining forms; as, Cupro- 

chlorid, cuprous chloride; Cuprichlorid, eupric chloride; or by the use of 

, di-, tri-, etc., as in English. For the old prefixes zweifach, dreifach, etr , 

»e the Vocabulary. 

Higher and lower oxides are distinguished as '^xyd and -oxydul {Eisert^ 
nyd, ferric oxide; Eisenoxydvl, ferrous oxide) or by Latin forms (Ferri- 
ozydj ferric oxide; Ferrooxyd, ferrous oxide). 

Names of acids in German are formed very simply by attaching the 
word S&ure to some other word; as, Salzsdure (literally " salt acid "), 
hydrochloric acid; Osmiumsdurej osmic acid. These names are translated 
into English by attaching the ending -^c add to a suitable combining 
form; as, Zinnadure (literally " tin acid "), stannic acid, from stannum, 
Latin for tin. Hydracids are designated in German by the ending -was- 
serstoffsdure; as, Bromwaaserstoffadure, hydrobromic acid. The German 
equivalent of -oua in naming acids is •4g; as, achwefiige Sdure, or, less com- 
monly, Schwefiiga&ure^ sulfurous acid. Similarly, unter^ corresponds to 
^ypo- and tJ&er- to per- '(unterchlorige Sdure, hypochlorous acid; Vher- 


^nangarMdure, permanganic acid). Any acid name may form an adjective 
ending in -satter; as, aalpeteraaure Ldaung, nitric acid solution; mangari' 


mures Blei, manganate of lead; manganaaures Salz, salt of manganio acid, 

manganate. Latin names for salts are also used; as, Manganat, manganate; 

and these occur in combination; as, Bleimanganat^ lead manganate; 

Chromisulfat, chromic sulfate. 

Words ending in -it in German, as, for instance, the names of a great 

many minerals, should always be translated with the ending -He; as, 
Kainitj kainite (not kainit). If it seems best to retain the original spelling 

'>f a trade name it should be placed in quotation marks to show that it has 
lot been translated; as, PermiUit, permutite or " permutit." 

Organic Nomenclature. There has been much carelessness in trans- 
ating German organic names, and as a result many uncouth forms are 
een in English articles. The following rules represent the usage of the 
winerican Chemical Society as embodied in the " Directions to Abstrac- 
ors," and this harmonizes well with the best usage in Great Britain: 

(1) Translate oxy^ by hydroxy- when it , designates hydroxyl, as is 
ommonly the case. When oxy- designates the ketonic group it is prefer- 
bly translated keta-. 

(2) Translate names of compounds the chief function of which is 
Icoholic (or phenolic) so that the name ends in -ol; as, glycerol, resorcinol, 
lannitol, pinacol (not pinacone). 

(3) When the German ending -ol does not indicate hydroxyl it should 
■ 3 translated -ole (as, anisole, indole), or in the case of a few hydrocarbons 
• ne (as, Benzol, benzene; Toluol, toluene; Styroi, styrene). 

(4) The ending -in should be translated -dne in the case of basic sub- . 
--•tances and -in elsewhere; as, aniline, glycine, palmitin, albumin. (But 

' r names of alcohols see (2)). 

(5) The form amido- should be so translated only when it is in coin- 
nation with an acid group. Usually it is to be translated amino-; as, 

. midopropionsdurey aminopropionic acid; Amidophenol, aminophenol. 
J. he same holds for imido-, anilido-, etc. 

(6) In such combining forms as bromo-, cyano-, chloro-, nitre-, the 
connective o is to be used invariably (with the exception of a few r ^ell- 
established words such as acetamide, cyanamide) ; as, Chlorhenzol, chloro- 
benzene; Chloresaigadure, chloroacetic acid. This usage is by no means 
universal, but those who can not reconcile themselves to such spellings as 
** bromoaoetic " should at least avoid the German forms bromphenol, aeet- 
phenetidine, benzhydrol, etc., and use the connecting o before consonants. 

(7) The German ending -an should be translated -ane if it is the name of 
a hydrocarbon (or parent heterocyclic compound) which is fuUy saturated; 
otherwise, --an. Examples: methane, menthanef, tolan, furan, pentosa.n.. 

(8) Most German simple names of organic acids are correctly trajis- 
lated by substituting -ic a^:i4 for -sdure. Most of the exceptions are old-i 



established names such as Milohsaure (laotio acid) and Valeriansaure 
(valeric acid). When the name ends in -insdure the translator may sub- 
stitute -ic acid for this unless another acid already bears the resulting name; 
thus Akridinsdure is often called acridic acid instead of the longer acridinic 
acid, but Mekordns&ure should be translated meconinic acid because Mekon- 
saure has preempted the translation meconic acid. Such exceptions are 
given in the dictionary as far as possible, but in doubtful cases the longer 
form " -inic acid " would be the safer. 

l!<Tames ending in -carbonsaure are translated -carhoxylic acid, not 
-carbonic acid. 

The student should be warned against confusing chemical endings 
and case endings; for example, -en may be equivalent to the English -ene 
or only a plural sign; Terpenen means not teri)enene but terpenes; Ketone 
means not ketone but ketones; Terpene, not terpene bi^t terpenes. 

How to Handle Difficulties. If the word sought is not in the vocabu- 
lary, or if its meaning is not clear, the experienced dictionary user still has 
many resources. He is often able to " puzzle out " an obscure word, and 
the student should practise the art, using the context to guide him. A few 
possibilities are suggested: 

1. The word may be a variant spelling. See Spelling , above, and 
look up other possible forms. 

2. It may be an inflected form of a word given in the dictionary. See 
Noun Endings and Irregular Verbs^ above. A thoro knowledge of German 
^mmar is of course the best assistance here. 

3. The word may be a verb with a separated prefix, such as ab, an, 
(ff zu. Look for this in the part of the sentence that foUows, and hunt the 
meaning under the compound verb, or, if necessary, deduce what meaning 
you can from the meanings of the prefix and the simple verb. For example, 
in the sentence es fdngt an zu sieden, the meaning of Jangt an is found 
fmder anfangen. Such compound verbs are very numerous, and if not 
found in the vocabulary their meanings can often be guessed, for the 
prefixes are in reality merely adverbs attached to the verb. 

4. The word may be formed from some word which is in the vocabulary 
by the addition of one or more prefixes or suffixes (see the paragraph on 
these, above). A number of these combining forms are common in chemical 
wntings, as ent-, -frei, -ios, -widrig, and their meanings should be familiar. 
So also verbal nouns are freely formed from verbs by capitalizing the 
infinitive or by substituting -wng for -en, as Schmelzen or Schmelzung from 
schmelzen, and these cannot all be given. 

5. The word may be a compound of two or more words. The capacity 
of German to form such compounds is much greater than that of English, 
and while a large number are found in this dictionary they are only a 


small part of those in the literature. Many words drop letters in combining. 
The general meaning of many such combining forms is given in the vocabu- 
lary. Occasionally the beginner may make a wrong division of a compound 
word, and he should bear this in mind; for instance, GastroUe is from Gast 
and Rolle, not from Gas and Trolle. See also the rule for dropping one 
member of a triplet letter (under Spelling ^ above). In deciphering the 
meaning of compound words the student who is able will frequently find 
it helpful to think of the Latin or Greek equivalents; thus, Uberfiihrung 
means trans-ference; K5nigswasser means aqua regia; Idchtmesser, 

Persistent practice is the great essential to acquiring a foreign language 
vocabulary and sensing its word order and idioms. At the outset tlie 
chemical student will find it very helpful to read in German elementary 
chemical text-books with the subject matter of which he is familiar. This 
will serve the double purpose of review and German practice. 





a., abbrev. (asymmetrisdi) asymmelsicCal). 

A., a56re«. AJQeoI^oI; Amtalen der Chemie. 

£., aJbhreo. (Xther) ether. 

Aal, m. ed. 

a. a. O., abhreiv. (an anderen Orten) elaewhere; 

(an angefiihrten, or angegebenen, Orte) in 

the place cited. 
Aar, m. eagle. 
Aas, n. fleshings, scrapings (from hides) ; carrion, 

carcass; groats. 
aasen, v.t, flesh (hides). 
Aasschmiere, /. {LeoiOier) flesh-side dubbing. 
Aasa^te, /. {Leatiier) fleidi side. 
ab, adv. off, away, down. — ab und zn, to and 

alrikudem, 9.<. modify, change, alter. 
Abftnd«iuig, /. modification; alteration. 
abarbeiten, v.t. work off; rough-work; tire out. 
Abart, /. variety. 
abarten, v.i. vary; d^enerate. 
ifaatmen, abatmen, vA. glow (a cupel) ; anneal. 
■bateen, vA. eat away, corrode, destroy by 

Abb., abbrev. (Abbildung) cut, illustration. 
ibban, m. decomposition, disintegration, 

anal3rsis (as opposed to synthesis), degrada- 
tion; demolishing; (Mining) working.. 
ifaheizen, vM remove with corrosives; dip, 

abbersten, v.i. burst oS, crack off, fly off. 
abbemfen* vJ. call awaj^ recall. 
abbestcileii, vJ. revoke, coimtermand. 
abU^en, v.t. bend off, bend aside, snap off; 

{Grammar) inflect. 
Abbfld, n. copy, imi^;e, likeness. 
abbOden, vA. portray, copy, model; describe, 

AbbOdung, /. illustration, cut; representation, 

portrait, copy. 
Abbfldnngsverrndgen, n. resolving power (of a 

abbimsen, td, rob with pumice; (LetUher) friz, 

fluff, buff. 
abbinden, vjL unbind, imtie, loosen; tie off; 
frame. — v.i. (of cement, etc.) 

Abbindezeit, /. setting time (of cement, etc.). 
Abbitte, /. apology; deprecation. . 

abbitten, v.L apologise for; b^. — abbittend, 

p.a. deprecatory. 
abblasen, vd. blow away, blow off, blow. 
abblassen, v.i, fade, lose color, grow pale. 
abblattem, v.r. & i. scale off, exfoliate; shed 

the leaves. — v.L strip of leaves. 
Abblfitterung, /. exfoliation; stripping of leaves. 
Abbl&ttemngsmlttel, n. eacfoliative. 
abbUluen, v.t. blue (fabrics). — v.i. lose blue 

abblelchen, vJ. bleach, bleach out. — v.i. fade; 

finish bleaching. 
abblenden, vU. screen off. 
abbUcken, v.i. (Assaying) brighten, give the 

" blick." 
abblitzen, v.i. miss fire; cease lightening. 
abbliihen, v.i. cease blooming; fade, wither. 
Abbrand, m. burnt or roasted ore; waste (in 

forging, etc.) ; loss by burning. 
abbrauchen, v.L use up, wear out. 
abbrauen, v.t. brew (thoroly). — v.i. finish 

abbraunen, v.i. lose brown color, 
abbraunen, v.t brown, dye brown (thoroly). — 

v.i. lose brown color. 
abbrechen, v.t. break off, break up, interrupt, 

discontinue, remove; deduct. — v.i. break off, 

iSave off. 
abbreiten, v.t. stretch out, flatten. 
abbrennen, v.i. bum off, away, or down; de- 
flagrate; miss fire. — v.i. bum off, away or 

down; deflagrate; fire off; temper; dip, pickle; 

cauterize; sear, singe; (Ceram.) finish firing. 
Abbrennglocke, /. deflagrating jar. 
Abbrennldffel, m. deflagrating spoon. 
abbringen, vA. bring off, * get off, turn off; 

dissuade; lead astray. 
Abbruch, m. breaking off; fragment; dunage; 

abbriichig, a. crumbly, friable, brittle; de- 
abbrtthen, v.t. scald, seethe, parboil. 
abbaffen, v.t. buff. 
Abdachung, /. slope, declivity; unr«K>fing. 

Abdampf 1 

Abdamiif, m. exhaust steam. 

Abdampf-. evaporating. 

Abdampfapparat, m. evaporating apparatus. 

abdam^en, v.t. & i. evaporate; volatilize 
(solids); boil down. 

Abdampfen, n. evaporation. 

abdftmpfen, v.t. evaporate; volatilize; steam; 
quench (charcoal). 

Abdampfgef&88, n. evaporating vessel. 

Abdampfkapelle,/. evaporating capsule. 

Abdampfkessel, m. evaporating kettle or pan. 

Abdampfkolben, m. evaporating flask. 

Abdampfrttckstand, m. residue on evaporation. 

Abdampfschale, /. evaporating dish or basin. 

Abdampfong, /. evaporation. 

AbdampfnngsgefilBS, n. evaporating vessel. 

Abdampfnngskessely m. evaporating kettle or 

Abdampftingspfanne, /. evaporating pan. 

Abdampfongsrilckstand, m. residue on evap- 

abdanken, v.L dismiss, retire. — v.t. resign, 

abdarren, v.t. (Breunng) dry, kiln-dry, cure; 
(Metol.) liquate. 

Abdarrtemperator, /. (Bretoing) finishing tem- 

abdecken, v.t, uncover, unroof; skin, flay. 

abdestillieren, v.t. distil off, distil. 

abddrren, v.t. dry up, drjf thoroly. 

Abdraht, m. turnings. 

abdrehen, v.t, turn off (gas, etc.); turn (on a 
lathe) ; twist off. 

Abdrehmaschine, /. lathe; {Qeram.) finishing 

Abdrehsp&ne, m. pi. turnings. 

Abdrehsplndel, /. (jCeram.) finishing machine. 

abdringen, v.t. extort (from). 

Abdmck, m. copy, impression, print; cast; 
printing, copying; counterpart. 

abdrucken, v.t. print; stamp; copy (by pres- 

abdrticken, v.t. press off; force out; fire (a gun). 

abdunkeln, v.t. darken, sadden (colors). — v.i. 
grow darker. 

abdunsten, v.t. evaporate. 

Abdnnsten, n. evaporation. 

abdttnsten, v.t. evaporate. 

Abdunstung, Abdiinstang, /. evaporation. 

abelchen, v.t. gage, adjust (meastu^s). 

Abelpriifer, m. Abel tester. 

Abend, m. evening, 'night. 

Abendbrot, Abendessen, n. supper. 

Abendland, n. western country, West, Occident. 

abendlandisch, a. western, occidental. 

Abendmahl, n. supper; evening time. 

abends, cuiv. in the evening. ■ 

abendwftrts, adv. westward. 

Abentener, n. adventure. 

aber, conj, but, however. 


Aberi^nbe, m. superstition. 

aberkemien, v.t. dispossess. — v.i. pass aentenoe. 

abermals, adv. again. 

aberwitzig, a. crazy, foolish. 

abfachen, v.t, classify; partition. 

abfahren, v.t. depart, leave. — v.i. carry off^ 
cart off. 

Abfahrt, /. departure; emigration. 

Abfall, m. falling off; decrease, deterioration, 
decline, loss; slope, declivity; desertion; con- 
trast; (also pi. Abf&Ue) waste, refuse, by- 
product, chips, parings, cuttings, tailings, etc. 

Abfalleimer, m. waste bucket, waste pail. 

Abfalleisen, n. scrap iron. 

abfallen, v.t. fall off; diminish, decrease; decay; 
lose flesh; slope; deviate; desert; be rebuffed; 
contrast badly. — abfaUend, p.a. deciduous. 

abf&llig, a. falling off, sloping, etc. (see abfallen) ; 

AbfalUauge, /. spent Ijre. 

Abfallmarke, /. (^Dyeing) off shade. 

Abfallprodukt, n. by-product. 

Abfallstoff, m, waste material, specif., sewage. 

Abfallware, /. rejected ware, culls. 

Abfallwasser, n. waste water, sewage. 

abf&'ben, v.t. dye (thoroly). — v.t. lose color, 
crock; (Mtn.) give a colored streak; iPaper) 
rub off. 

abfasem, v.t. ^ r. lose fibers, fuzz. 

abfassen, v.t. write, word, compose, draw up; 
catch, seize; bend (iron). 

Abfasser, m. writer. 

Abfeillcht, n. filings. 

abfertlgen, v.t. send off, despatch. 

abfetten, v.t. take fat or grease from. 

abfiltrleren, v.t. filter off. 

abfinden, v.t. pay off, satisfy. 

Abflachung, /. bev^ing, bevel; (of a curve) 
rounding off. 

abflammen, v.t. singe, gas; grease, taUo-w 

abflauen, v.t. wash, scour (ore). 

abfleckecht, a. fast to rubbing, not spotting. 

abflecken, v.t. stain, make stains. 

abfleischen, v.t. flesh (hides). 

abfliessen, v.t. flow away, off or , 
charge, drain. 

Abfluss, m. flowing off, discharge; > : j 

pipe; effluent; waste water. 

Abflusshahn, m. discharge cock. 

Abflusskiihler, m. a condenser whi r . 

condensate away, efflux cond 
trasted with RtickflUsskuhler). 

Abflussrohr, n. discharge tube, was - 

Abflusswasser, n. waste water. 

abformen, v.f. form, shape, mold; cor 

abfressen, v.t. eat away or up; co -. 

Abfrischen, n. {Brewing) changing b • » . 

Abfuhr, /• removal; transport, carria... 


AbfUurditiiger» m. night soil. 
aMilliren, vJ. lead off, cany away; send 
(gooda); draw (wire); exhauat (steam); 
' (Med.) evaeuate, purge. — abftthrend, p.a, 
(Med.) purgative, aperient, efferent, eaceretory. 
— «bfi]irendes Brwaaepairer, Seidlitspowder. 
AbfOhrgang, m. iPhynoL) efferent duct. 
AbfiUnniiittel, n. purgative, aperient. 
AbfithrpiUe, /. cathartic pfll, purgative piil. 
Abffilinmlz, n. aperient salt. 
AMlUuiuig, /. leading off, etc. (see abfOhrm). 
AbflUmuigBrolur, n. discharge tube or pipe. 
Abftlllapparat, m. emptying apparatus, etc. 

(see abfiiUen); (Brewing) racker. 
Abf iillbtttte, /. {Breufing) racking square. 
abflilleii, «J. empty, draw <^ (wine, etc.), 
rack, decant; take off, skim off (scum or 
Abfttliwrhianch, m. (Brewing) racking gut. 
Abfttilvorrichtiiiig, /. emptying contrivance or 

Abftrcbimg, /. division, segmentation. 
abffittem, abftittem, v.t case, line; feed. 
Abcabe, /. delivery; giving off, escape (of 

gases, etc.); tax, duty; (Com,) draft. 
Abtfang, m. waste, loss; decrease, decline; going 
off, leaving; escape (<rf gases, etc); mi»- 
carriage; sale, market. 
afmgatwgtg, a, waste; wanting; salable; decrepit. 
Abtfangarohr, n. waste pipe. 
Abgaa, n. waste gas. 
abgaotachen, v.t, (Paper) couch. 
abtfeben* vJ. give up or off, part with; deliver; 

yield. — 9.r. occupy oneself. 
abgebraehen* p.p. of abbrechen. 
abtfebmiden, p.p. of abbinden. • 
sl^gedro och en, p.a. trite, hackneyed. 
abgefebnt, p.a. crafty. 
abgegrUTen, p.a. worn, worn-out. 
abgehen. v.t. pass off, come off, go away, pass 

abselebi* pui. decrepit. 
abgdegen, p.a. remote, retired. 
abgemcopcn, p.a. see abmessen. 
abtfeneigt, p.a. disinclined. 
Abceordnete, m. deputy, delegate. 
abceplattet, pji. see abplatten. 
vU. tan (thereby). 
PM. see abrunden. 
Abgeoandte, m. exiyoy, delegate. 
Abceechftomtes, n. skhnmings. 

eUeden* p.a. see abscheiden. 
»Ulffen» p.p. of abschldfai. 
abgeeclimaclrt, pM. insipid, absurd. 
abfeadiwcfelt, desulfurized, etc. (fMe 

abtfeaelieB, pM. see abaehen. 
■bgPiipaniif, p.a. see abspannen. 
abggotandep, p.a. See abstehen. 
abf evtampft. p.a. !• a abstumrfen* 


abgeten, p.p. of abtun. 

abgewinnen, v.t. win, win away. 

abgewdhnen, 9.t. wean, break of a habit.- 

abgeaogen, p.p. of abziehen. 

abgi c Bs e n, vU. pour off, decant; (Founding) east. 

Abglans, m* reflection. 

abgUtten, v.L polish, polish off. 

abgleichen, v4, make equal, equalize; level; 

justify (coins); balance (accounts). 
abfUlhen, vJ. heat thoroly, make red hot, 

anneal; mull (wine). — v.r. cease glowing, 

cool gradually. 
abgrenzbar, a. definable, limitable. 
abgrenzen, v.t. mark off; bound; define. 
Abgrenxong, /. demarcation. 
Abgmnd, m. abyss, precipice. 
Abguss, m. pouring off, decanting; casting, cast. 
abhaaren, v.t, remove hair from, depilate, 

abhalten, vA. keep off or back, endure; hold 

(a meeting). 
Abhaltung, /. hindrance, impediment; holding, 

abhanden, adv. missing, lost. 
Abhandlung, /. treatise, paper, dissertation, 

discourse; transaction. 
Abhang, m. slope, declivity. 
abhangen, v.t. depend; slope; hang down, 
abhftngen, v.t. take off or down, disconnect. 
abhilngig, a. dependent; sloping. 
Abh&ngfgkdt, /. dependence; slope. 
al»lillren, vA. imhair. 

abbilrten, v.t. harden; temper (iron or steel). 
abharzen, v.t. take resin from. 
abh&aten, v.L skin; abrade; (FouTiding) free of 

abheben, vM lift off, take off; skim off. 
abhebem, vJ. siphon off. 
abhelfen, v.t. help, remedy, correct, 
abh^en, v.t. clarify, dear; fine (wine). — v.r. 

become dear. 
abhetzen, v.(. overwork, harass. 
abhoid, a. unfavorable, averse. 
abholen, v.L fetch off, call for. 
Abhnb, m. usdess remains; scum; useless ore. 
Abletlnsfture, /. abietic acid. 
Ablrrung, /. deviation, aberration: 
abkalken, v.t. unlime. 
abkiUten, v.L cool, cool down, 
abkanten, v.t. bevd, take off the edges of.. 
abkarten, v.t. prearrange, plot. 
abkehren, v4. turn away or aside, avert, 

divert; sweep, brush (off). 
abkelteni* v.t. press (wine). 
abklappen, vA. swing aside or out; let down 

(a folding table). . ^ 

abkUren, v.t. darify, dear, defecate, fiip^: 

(according to method) filter, decant, dul^i^' 

ate, etc.; decolor (sugar); brighten (a ctAot")'* 

strip off, boil off (a dye). — «. r. dear, dear - 


AbklilrflMche,/. decanting bottle (or flaak). 

AbkliUrtopf, m. deoanting jar. 

AbklMnuig*/. dariflcation, ete. (see abUfiren). 

abknallen, v,i. go off, explode. — v. t, fire off. 

abkneifen, f.<. pineh off, nip off. 

abknickeii, vA. bend (sharply); crack or snap off. 

abknistern, v.t. decrepitate. 

Abknistemng, /. decrepitation. 

abkochecht, a. fast to boiling. 

abkochen, v,L boil, decoct; boil off. 

Abkodiong, /. decoction. 

abkommen, v.u get off; be spared; grow out of 

Abkommen, n. agreement; disuse. 
Abkftmmling, m. derivative; descendant, 
abkratzen, v.t. scrape off, scrape, 
abkriicken, v.L rake off. 
Abkiihiapparat, m. cooler, refrigerator. 
abktthien, v.t. & t. cool, cool down, chiU, re- 
frigerate; anneal. 
Abkiililfass, n. cooler, cooling vat; (Glan) 

annealing oven. 
Abktthlgefass, n. cooling vessel. 
Abktthlung, /. cooling, refrigeration; annealing. 
Abkahlungsmittel, n. refrigerant. 
Abkunft, /. descent; breed, stock. 
abkUnen, v.t. shorten, abbreviate; truncate. 
Abkiinning, /. abbreviation. 
abladen, v.t. unload. 
ablagem, v.t. & i. deposit; store; age, mellow, 

mature. — v.r. deposit, settle, subside. 
Ablagerung, /. deposit; deposition; storage. 
Ablaas, m. draining, discharge; cessation; die- 
count; drain. 
ablassen, v.t. let off, draw off, decant, drain; 

anneal (steel). — o.i. leave off, cease; (of 

coiors) fade or come off. 
Ablasshahn, m. Hblivery cock, discharge cock, 

drain cock. 
AUauf, m. running off, outlet, drain; sink; 

slope; expiration (of time); result, evmit. 
ablai^en, v.u run off or down; expire. 
Ablaufhahn, m. » Ablasshahn. 
Ablanfdl, n. expressed ofl; run oil. 
Abianfrohr, n., -rtthre,/. outlet tube, waste pipe. 
Ablaaflrichter, m. draining funnel (inverted 

funnel with tubulated rim for carrying off 

condensed vapors). 
Ablauge, /. spent lye, spent liquor, waste 

liquor; washing out. 
ablaagen, v.L wash out lye from; steep in lye. 
abUnitem, v.t. clarify, purify, refine, fine; 

strain; draw off; wash (ore). 
Abttnterong,/. clarification, etc (see'ablftutem). 
Ableben, n. death. 

ablidgen, vA. lay aside or off; unwind, unroU. 
Abjeger m. (of plants) layer, slip, scion. 
ablehnea, vJ. turn aside; refuse, dedine. 
alfleiten, v.L derive; turn aside, draw off, let 
"^.f . be derived from. 


Ableitnng, /. drainage; derivation; deduction; 

chMund; turning aside. 
Ableltongemittel, n. revulsive; derivative. 
AbleitungarAhre, /. ddivery tube, ddivery pipe; - 

drain conduit. 
aUenken, v.l. turn off, defiect; diffract. — v.t. 

turn aside, deviate. 
Ablenknng, /. deflection; diffraction; diversion; 

aUeaen, v.L read off; pluck off, pick, gather. 
Ableenng, /. reading (ctff), observation; gather- 
ing, harvest, crop, 
ablichten, vA. {Dyeing) reduce, shade, strip. 
abUefem, v.t. deliver, 
abiohnoi, vA. pay off. 

aUtfachbar, o. dakable (lime); temperable, 
abldechen, v.t. quench; slake Gine); temper 

(iron or steel). 
abldeen, v.<. loosen; detach; amputate; relieve. 

— «.r. come loose, come off. — abUsend, p.a. 

(Med.) resolvent. 
abljiften, v,t. expose to the air, air. 
abmachen, v.t. loosm, detach; settle. 
abmagon, v.i. lose flesh, 
abmahnen, v.t. dissuade, warn. 
abmaiachen, v.t. & x, finish mashing. 
Abmalschtemperator, /. final temperature (of 

abmatten, vA. fatigue, exhaust; deaden (gold) . 
abmesabar, a. measurable, mensurable. 
abmessen, v.t. measure off. — abgemeaeen. p.a. 

measured, precise. 
abmindem, v.t, lessen, diminish. 
Abnahme, /. decrease, decline; taking off or 

away; sale. 
abnarben, v.L buff; scrape. ' ^ 

abnehmen, vA, take off, take away, remove* 

infer. — r.t. decrease, dedine, diminish. 
Abnehmer, m. buyw, purchaser. 
Abneigttng,/. deviation, dope; didndinationL. 
abnorm, a. abnormal, anomalous. 
abnutschen, .v.L = absaugen. 
abnutzen, v.t. uae up. ^rsr out. 

-s 4ng. 

e oil from. 

abtflen, r : . 
Abonneii' ' 
abpassc' , 



' '.. 

Abpralh . 


by pp 
Abpnte, . 

cut of 



I i.<. 

t, adjv 

'0 rsSe 




vj, pvaity (ore) with 
Mpantte (gold or silver) from amalgam, 
ibnteiai, v.l. take the cream from, aldm. 
Akalkmm, m. skimmer, 
iknten, t J. diflsoade, warn. 
akraadMn, vA & t. evaporate (with fuming). 
abriodMm* t .<. fumigate thoroly. 
Abnadwehale, /. evaporating vessel. 
Abnnm, m. rublnah, trash, rubble, 
■brilamen, f J. take away, dear away; dear (of 

Abrtameii, n. {Brewing) dearing the kiln. 
Almmaunlae, n,pL abraum salts (saline de- 
positB overlying the rock salt at Stfwsf urt and 
' elsewhere). 

sbredmea, vJ. deduct; reckon off. — v.i. settle. 
Abredmrag,/. deduction, discount; settlement; 

Abrede, /. agreement; denial, 
■brcibea, f .1. rub off , scrape, scour, rub smooth, 

alnade; grind (colors). 
Abreibmg, /. nibbing off or down; abrasion; 

shieisen, v.i. depart, 
abrdseen, v.t. tear off, pull off; pull down; 

draw. — r.{. break. 
Abridrtdaoge, /. (Soap) weak caustic liquor. 
abriditM, sJ. fit, adjust, true; train. 
AbtlaB, m. outline, sketdi, dedgn. 
dwoDen, 9J. roll off, unroll, unfold* 
sbriieeheD, 9X. air (paper). 
diriMeii, 9 A. roast thoroly. 
Ahiielmig, /. thoro roasting. 
sliHMeB, vX dye red, color red. — v.i. lose red 

sbrandeM, v,L round off, found, finish off. — 
abgenuidet, p.a. rounded off; (of glass edges) 
fire-polished; round (numbers). . 

a. fast to rubbing, not crocking, 
v.i. (of colored goods) rub off, crock. 
#.<. diasrm. 
I, vJ. countermand* renounce, 
shsittigcii, vJ, saturate, neutralise. 
AbssCs, m. depodt, sediment; pause; para- 
graph; sale; bed (of a dioe). 
sbdUdg* o. interrupted; (of wool) inferior, 

V J. addif y, sour. 

V.I Slick off; filter with suction; 
{Dyeing) hydro-extract. 
Abaaagar, m. {Paper) suction box;. {Dfing) 

khtmngn^mht, /. suetian flask, filtering flask, 
sbe ch a b e n , 94. scrape off; dean; scrape, abrade. 
*, ». serapinfi, shavfaigs. 
9d, do away with, abolidi. 
vX dieU, ped, pare.-^.r. ped off, 
off, eome off. 

V J. estfanato, value, appraise. 
SI. aciim, droas. 

') abfichrecken 

abachiliuneB, vi. ddm off, ddm. 
Abschllnmer, m. skimming apparatus. 
abschddbar, a. separable. 
abschdden, v.<. separate, part, disengage, 

eliminate; refine (metals); secrete. — v.r. 

separate, be predpitated,-^ be depodted; be 

sepirated. — v.t. depart.— abgeoddeden, p.a. 

departed, deceased. 
Abacheidmig, /. separation, dimination; de- 
posit; secretion; departure. 
Abseheldnngsmittd, n. means of separation; 

Abflchddnngsprodnkt, ti. secretion. 
Abeehea, m. horror; loathing. 
abseheuem. v.». scour, rub off, cleanse. 
Abecheuenmg, /. s<iouring; attritios. 
abaehenlich, a- horrible, detestable. 
abschlchten, v.(. separate into layers. 
Abscbied, m. parting, departure; Hia»p<— i^^ 

abachiefem, v.t. flake or scale off; exfdiate. 
abschiessen, v.(. shoot off. — v.t. shoot off or 

down; (of colors) fade, lose color, 
absehirmen, 9.t. screen off. 
abechlacken, v.<. r^piove dag from. 
Abachlag, m. fragments, chips, etc.; rebound; 

outlet; reduction; instalment. 
abschlagen, v.<. beat or knock off or back; take 

to pieces; refuse; turn off; drain; {Ftmnding) 

stop (molten metd); {Pkarm.) deve. — v.t. 

abate; fall (in price). 
abochlilmraen, v t. wadu, dutriate (ore). 
abflddeifen, v.f. grind off, grind, rub off; 

poUsh; sharpen. 
Abschleifting, /. grinding off, attrition; polish- 
ing; sharpening. 
abschlendem, v.f. centrifuge; hydro-extract 

(yarn, etc.); separate in a^centrifugd; fling 

abschliessen, v.f. occlude; dose, shut off; 

sedude; oondude.-r-abschliessend, p.a. con- 

dudve, find, podtive. 
AbsehUessung, /., Abschluss, m. ocdudon, etc. 

(see abschliessen). 
abschmelzen, vJ. & t. melt off, melt, separate 

by mdting. 
Abochmelznng, /. mdting off, etc. (see ab- 

schmdaen); (Mdol.) Uquittion. 
abschmutzen, v.t. rub off, soU. 
Abechneideapparat, m. {Ceram,) wire cutter. 
abflchndden, 94, cut off, cut away, cut; 

{Math.) truncate. — v.i. be out off, end. 
Absdmitt, m. cutting, chip; segment; portion, 

Abadodtad, n, shred, chip, paring. 
abscbdpfen, 9d. skim off, ddm; ladle out. 
abachraaboB, v.<. screw off, unscrew, 
abochreeken, v.f. chill, cool; quench (metals, 

etc.); render (water) lukewarm; deter, 

fright«i off. 





abeehretbeii, vA. write off, copy; revoke. 

abflchreiten, vJ. step off; pace off. 

Abewhrifl, /. copy; duplicate. 

abschuppen, v.i. scale off, flake off. 

abschttsaig, a. steep. 

abschtttten, pJ. pour off, run off. 

abochwiiclieii, «.i. & r. weaken; dimlnfah, de- 
crease, reduce; soften; mellow Qeather). 

Abschwlichiingy /. weakening, etc (see absch- 

abflchwiirzen, v.t, blacken. — v.i, lose black color, 
come off black. 

abflchwefeln, vA. free of sulfur, desulfurize; coke 
(coal) ; less commonly, impregnate with sulfur. 

Abschwefelnag, /. desulfurization. 

Abschweiltang,/. deviation; digression. 

abschwemmen, v.t, wa^, rinse; wash away. 

abschwenken, v.L wash off, rinse; wash away. 

abschwlngen, v.t. centrifuge, hydro-extract; 
fan, winnow. 

abschwirren, v.i. whiz, centrifuge. 

abfldiwitzen, v.t. depilate Gcather). 

abschw5ren, v.t, abjure. 

Absdase, /. abscissa. 

absehbar, a. perceivable, observable. 

absehen, v.t. see, perceive; aim at. — v.i. (with 
von) disregard, let alone. — abgesehen, pM. 
(with von) not mentioning, apart from. 

Abseide, /. iloss silk. 

abseifen, v.t. clean with soap; wash out the 
soap from. 

abseigem, v.L separate by fusion; {Meial.) 

Abseihbier, n. drawings; residue beer in chip 

abseihen, v.t. filter, filter off, strain, decant, 

Abselhnng, /. filtration, etc. (see abseihen). 

abselts, adv, aside, apart. 

abeengen, v.t. singe off, singe. 

absetzen, v.t. deposit; put down or off; in- 
terrupt; put in type; depose. — o.r. settle, sub- 
side, deposit. 

Absetzong, /. deposition, etc. (see absetzen); 

Absicht, /. intention, purpose, view. 

abaichtlich, a. intentional. 

absieden, v.t. decoct, extract by boiling, boil. 

Abidnth, m. wormwood; absinth. 

Abflitzbtttte,/. (Brewing) settling tub. 

abidtzen, v.t. deposit, settle; dismount. 

ahaai.p <U)brev, (absolut) absolute. 

absondem, v.t. separate, detach, isolate; in- 
sulate; abstract; (Phyaiol.) secrete, excrete. 
— absondemd* p.a, {PhynoL) secretory, 
secreting, excreting. 

Absondemng, /. separation, ebc (see absondem) ; 
(Geol.) jointing. 

Absondemngsflttsfiigkeit, /. secretory fluid, 

Absoademngsstoir, m. secreted material. 

AbsondemngBvorgang, m. process of secretion. 

abflorUerbar, a. absorbable. 

abatH'bieren, v.t. absorb. — abaorbierend, p.a. 
absorbent. — abaorbierendes Mittri, absor- 

abflorptionafiUdg, a. absorptive, absorbent. 

Abflorptionsfilhigkeit, /. capability of absorbing, 
absorptive power. 

Absorpdonsfarbe, /. absorption color. 

Absorptionaflasche, /. absorption bottle, ab- 
sorption flask. 

AbsorptfonsgefHss, n. absorption vessel. 

Abflorptionskraft, /. absorptive powor. 

Absorptionamltt^, n. absorbent. 

Abaorptionarohr, n., -rohre, /. absorption tube. 

Abflorpdonsschlaiige, /. abscnption coil. 

Abflorpdonsstreifen, m. absorption band. 

Absorptionsliirm, m. absorption tower. 

AbsorptionaTerbindnng, /. absorption com- 

Abflorptionsvermttgen, n. absorptive power. 

abspalten, v.t. & i. split off, cleave off, separate. 

Abspaltong, /. splitting off, cleavage, separa- 

abspannen, v.t. relieve from tension, rdease (a 
spring, etc.); rdax; cut off (steam). — abges- 
pannt, pxi. released, etc.; unstnmg, imnerved. 

Abqmnnung, /. release (from tension); relaxa- 
tion; lassitude. 

abspenstig, a. alienated, unfaithful. 

absperren, v.t. shut off, cut off, confine, stop. 

.Absperrfltissigkeit, /. confining liquid, sealing 

Absperrhahn, m. stopcock. 

Absperrventil, n. cutoff valve, stop valve, check 

abspielen, v.t. play.^-v.r. take place. 

abspltaen, vA. sharpen to a point, point. 

abaplittern, v.t., i. & r. splinter off. 

absprechen, v.t. deny; discuss; arrange. — v.i. 
pass judgment. — abaprechend, p,a. peremp- 
tory, positive. 

absprengen, v.t, break, spring or burst off; drive 
off; blast. 

Absprenger, m. (for glass tubep> ^«tt'^* 

abspringen, v.t. leap or fly off; '.:.«>.' . v 
off; rebound; (of wood) \k:> p. ..( 
iron) be red-short. — abspring* > -i, >».u r '.•■ •■ 
trast; desultory. 

Abspnuig, m. leaping off or re^.)'- ""t-li- 
trast; fragment; iPhynca) re^>'^( ioci. 

abapttien, vA. wash off, wash, .:...; it, 
wash away. 

Abspttlung, /. washing off, etc. (s^- '^t t^uj 

abstammen, v.t. descend, come; '-^ 'i. * v. • 

Abstammnng, /. origin, descent, (*if ^< i 

Abatand, m. distance, interval, d- « '• - 
sisting, renouncement. — ^Abirtand 
desbt (from). 


• I.. 



•betatton, « J. render, give. 

abstanbecht; a. not crocking. 

ibgttoben, v.t. dust o£F, dtust. — vJ. (of colors) 

absteciien, v.L tap, draw, run o£f; drain; etch 

(a picture) ; butcher. 
Abflteeher» m. (Metal.) tapper; exeurdon. 
abstecken, vd. mark out. 
abstehen, v.t. grow stale, decay, decompose; 

stand off; desist. — abgestanden* pM. stale, 

flat, dead, 
abst^gen, v.t. descend. 
abstellen, v.U turn off, shut off, stop; put off, 

put away; annul, 
absterben, v.t. die, fade, wither, decay; (of 

lime), air-slack; {Sugar) change from trans- 
parent to opaque crystalline mass. 
abstergieren, v4, cleanse. 
Absdch, in. tapping, drawing; running; tapped 

metal; contrast. 
Absdehloch* n. tap hole. 
•bstimmeiiy v.t, vote; be discordant, disagree, 
abfltossen, vJ, repel; piish off, rub off, scrape 

off. — abstos8end« p.a. repelling, repulsive. 
Abstoflsanc /. repulraon; pushing off. 
Abstrahl, m. reflected ray. 
abstrahlen* v.f. reflect. — v.t. be reflected. 
Abrttahfamtf, /.< reflection. 
Abstrebekraft, /. centrifugal force. 
abstreichen* v,t. wipe or scrape off; skim; 

strike out; deduct. 
Abstreiclmiesser, n. (Palico) doctor (literally, 

8craping-off knife). 
abfltreifen, vJ. strip off, skin. 
abstretteo, v.t. dispute, contest. 
Abfltrich, m. skim, scum, dross, spedf ., litharge; 

AbfltrkliM^ n. lead skim, crude litharge. 
abstiameia, v.t. flow away, flow off. 
■bstnfen, vX gradate; graduate. — v.r. grade, 

Cnde off. 
AbetnfenCy /• gradation; graduation, 
•tedimpfeiiy v.<. neutraliae, saturate (acids); 

truncate; blunt, dull, deaden. — abgestumpft, 

PM, neutralized, etc.; blunt, dull. 
Abstampftang, /. neutralization, etc. (see 

AbstiimpflDiigBflMche,/. iCrysL) truncating face. 
Absod, m. decoction, extract; (Dyeing) specif., 

iron or chrome mordant. 
absttsBen, vJ. sweeten, purify by washing, 

edulcorate; wash out, wash (a precipitate). 
Abstfaskeoael, m. edulcorating vessel. 
AbnBnaoplndeU /. (Sugar) sweet-water spindle 

(or hydrometer). 
Absflflsaiig, /. sweetening, etc. (see absQssen). 
AbsSsswaaser, n. (Sugar) sweet water. 
Absynt* i». * Abidnth. 
Abt, m. abbot. 

abteflen, 9.t. separate, .divide, divide off; gra- 
duate; classify. 

Abteiinng,/. division; graduation; part, section, 
class, lot. 

abthon, v.L = abtun. 

abtdnen, v.t. tone down, shade off. 

abtragen, v.<. carry off, dear off; wear out. 

abtrifnken, v.<. (Leather) fill up with tan liquor. 

Abtreibemlttel, n. expulsive agent; abortifaci- 

abtreiben* v.L drive off, expel; separate (by dis- 
tillation); refine (by cupeUation), cupel; 
(Med,) abort. — ^abtreibend, p.a. (Med,) abor- 

abtrennbar, a. separable. 

abtrennen, v.t, separate; dissever. 

abtreten, v.t. retire; yield; alight. 

abtrocknen, v.t. dry, wipe dry, wipe off. 

Abtropfbrett, n. draining board or shelf. 

abtropfen, v.t. drop (off), drip, drain, dry 

Abtropfer, m. drainer, drip board, etc. 

Abtropfg^ss, n. drainer. 

Abtropfgestell, n. draining stand, dropping 

Abtropfpfanne, /. drain pan, drainer. 

Abtropfplatte, /. draining plate. 

Abtropfschale, /. draining dish or basin, drainer 
(with perforated bottom). 

abtriinnig, a. faithless, rebellious. 

abtun, vd. put or take off; settle. 

abwUgen, v.t. weigh off, weigh, weigh out; 
level; ponder. 

abwiirmen, v.ti heat, warm. 

abwarten, v.t. wait for, wait on. 

abw&rts, adv. downward, down; off, away. 

abwaschen, v.t. wash off, wash out, rinse» 

Abwasser, n. waste water, waste liquor; specif., 

abwSssem, v.t. wash ; free from water, drain, dry. 

Abwasserrohr, n. waste pipe, drain pipe. 

abwechseln, v.t. & t. alternate, vary. — ab- 
wechselnd, p.a. alternating, alternate; in- 
termittent; variable. 

Abwechselung, /. change, variation* alterna- 

Abweg, m. by-way; wrong way. 

abwehren, v.t. ward off, prevent. 

Abwehrmlttel, n. prophylactic. 

abweichen, v.t. & i. soak, soak off, soften (by 
steeping), macerate. 

abweichen, v.t. deviate, diverge, depart, vary. 
— abweichend, p.a. deviating, divergent, ir- 

Abweichottg* /• deviation; variation; declina- 
tion (of the needle); anomaly. 

abweiaen, v.t. send away; refuse. 

abweissen, vd. whiten. — v.t. lose whiteness. 

abwelken, v.<. wilt, wither, dry; (Leather) 




abwenden, v J. turn off, nvert. 

abwerfen, v.t, throw off or out; run off (dag); 

reject; {Com,) yield. 
Abwerfofen, m. refining fumaee. 
Abwerfpfanne,/. refining pan; (Ttitninff) list pot. 
abwesend, a. abeent. 
Abwesenbeit, /. abaenoe. 
abwiekela, t.i. wind off, unwind; wind up; 

(Maik.) rectify. 
abwisehen, vA. wipe off, wipe. 
Abworf, m. throwing off; something thrown off, 

offal; coarse plaster, rot^hcast. 
absahlen, v.L pay, pay off. 
abdlhlen, vA, count, count off. 
abzapfen, vA. draw off, tap. 
abzehren, v.i., r. & t. waste (away). 
Abzeichen, n. mark, sign, label; (pi.) insignia. 
Abdehbild, ft. transfer picture or dedgn, de- 

Abziehblase, /. retort, alembic 
abziehen, vjL draw off, take away, ramove; 

rack (liquids); distil, rectify; tap; sldm; sldn; 

subtract; abstract; transfer (decdgns); (Dyt- 

ing) strip, boil off (color); {Leather) strip, 

dear. — v.i. depart, leave, (of gases) escape. 

— abgezogene Wasoer, disdlled liquor. 
AbxtehhaUe, /. {Breunng) racking room. 
Abziehkolben, m. retort, alembic. 
Abxielimittel, n. {Dyeing) stripping agent. 
Abzng, m. hood (for noxious gases); scum, 

dross; outlet, drainage, drain; drawing off; 

deduction; proof sheet. 
Abzogsgas, n. chimney gas, flue gas. 
Abzngskanai, m. sewer, drain. 
Abzngsraum, m. hood. 
Absngsrohr, n., -rfthre, /. waste pipe, drain 

tube, drain pipe. 
Absaflsselwank, m. hood. 
Abzogsvorrichtung, /. constant-level apparatus 

(for water baths). 
abzweigen^ v.L turn off, detach. — o.r. branch 

Abxweigai^, /. branching, branch. 
Ac-. For words beginning Ac- see also Ak- 

and A^. 
Acdse, /. excise. 
Acenaphten, n. aoenaphthene. 
Acenaphtylen, n. aoenaphthylane. 
AeeCessigilther, m. aeetoaoetic ester. 
Acete— If ester, m. acetoaeetic ester. 
Acetesalgsllure, /. acetoaeetic add. 
Acatindnick, m. aeetin printing. 
Acetonaftwre, /. aoetonic (a^hydroxyisobutyric) 

AeetytenMndnng, /. acetylene linkage, triple 

acetyileren, vA, aeetylate. 
Ace^slliira, /. acetic add. 
AcetylsaU, /. acetyl numbw. 
Achat, nu agate. 

adiathaWg, cu. containing agate, agatiferoos. 

AcfaatmSrser, m. agate mortar. 

Adia^onellsn, n. agate ware. 

achromatisch, a. achromatic. 

Aclise, /. axis ; axle, shaft. 

Achsel,/. shoulder; {PhyaioL) axiUa. 

Achsel-. shoulder, axillary. 

Achsen-. axis, axial, axie. 

Aehsendrehvng, /. rotation. 

AchsenverUUtnlfl, a. axial ratio. 

Achsenwinkel, m. axial angle. 

acludg, achsial, a. axial. 

acht, a. dght. 

Aeht, /. attention, care. 

achtbar, a. req[>eetable, honorable. 

acbfbsslach, a. oetabaac 

achto, a. dghth. 

Achteck, n. octagon. 

achteddg, a. octagonal, dght-angled. 

Achtel, n. eighth. 

Achtel-. (in old names) oeto*, octa-; as, Achtel- 

koUenelsen, octoferric earbide, and Acktol- 

aehwefeleisen, octoferric sulfide. 
achton, vA. regard, reapeet, esteem. 
Achtflach, n. octahedron, 
achtfl&chlg, a, octahedral. 
achtgUedrIg, o. eii^t-membMed. 
Achtnng,/. attention, notice; esteem, rea p eet. 
achtnngsvoli, adv. reqieetfully. 
achtwertig, a. octavalent. 
achtzehn, a. eighteen. 
achtxig, a. eighty, 
ttchzen, v.u groan. 
Additiit,/. addity. 
addyiioren, v.t. acylate. 
Acker, m. field, land; acre. 
Ackerban, m. agriculture, farming. 
Ackerbanehemle, /. agricultural dieouatry. 
Ackerbauwiflsenaduillt,/. sdenoe of aiHculture. 
Adierfooden, m. arable soil, surfaoe soil. 
Ackerdoppen, /. pi, valonia. 
Ackerei, /. tiUage. 

Aekererde, Ackerkmme, /. (arable) aoU. 
AckerkamUle, /. wild camomile {Mairiearia), 
Ackerminze, /. com mint (itfej^c '•••«*««rf«'i. 
aekem, v,L tfll, cultivate. 
acydlsch, acykllsch, a. acydi . 
acylleren, e.t acylate. 
addlerea, vA. add. 
additlonsf&hig, a. capalde of a ' 
Additlonsniilgkeit, /. additive :h . . 
Addltionarcaktlon,/. addition icn-.v 

Address-. See Adres»^ 
Adel, m, nobility. 
adeilg, a. noble, 
adeln, vA, omobie; dignify. 
Ad^, /. vein (in various senaea). 
Aderhant, /. choroid. 
Adwhilutchen, n. chorion. 




adeiic, iiderig. a. yeSny, -Minea* 8tra«k«d; 

ybhous, Tvaeular. 
Aderiaas, jn. venesection. ^ 

adern, Jldem, vX vein; grsiiif marfala. 
Aderwaase% n. serum. 
tdharieren, v.t. adhere. 
Adliasion, /. adhesion. 

AdkiflioiMknift, /. adhMiya power; foree of ad- 
adUMv. a. adhesive. 
adlabatitc^ a. adiabatie. 
Adiowa iw a m e n , m. pi. ajofwm (jtruit of Ply- 

eftolis eoptica). 
adipid, a. fat, fatty. 
adipidieren, vA, grease. 
Adipinsiliiio, /. adipie aeid. 
Adipodre, n. adipoosire. 
adipfts,«. adipose. 
a4}ii8tlcff«9i, f J. adjust* regulate. 
Adl^y M^. eas^e. 

AdIarsteiB, m. ea^e9t<mflb aetiteo. 
Adovitrlol, m. Salzbuxi; vitriol (mixed euprie 

and ferrous- sulfate). 
adlig, a. noble. 
adonciaravt vJ. sweeten; wash, eduleorate; 

tCTiper, anneal; deearbosuee (Iron). 
Adoadergefitos, n. annealing pot; edulcorating 

AdowftsraISm* m. tempering funaee, annealing 

Adreaaant, m. writer; sender. 
Adreasat, m. person addrosnod; oonsignee. 
AdpeaalMdiW «• directory. 
Adresee, /. address, direction. 
adreasiereii, vA. address; forward, 
adrig, a. « aderig. 

Adsarboao, m, adsorbing subatanoo, adsorbent. 
adsorbleren, vJ, adsorb. 
AdsorptkmswSrme, /. heat of adsorption. 
adsbringierend, a. astringent.— «d8trlniieroBdaa 

Mittai* oatrfaigent. 
Adolsr, m. adularia. 
Adveicat, m. lawyer. 
Ae., abbre9» (Ather) etiier. 
Ae-. For words beginning Ao- aae also A«. 
aerabiach, aeroUontisch, a. aSrobie. 
Aeregengaa, n. aerogeno gaa, 
aeroatatiaeh, a. aSrostatio. 
Aire, m. ^pe, mogtUooy. 
ilKen, vX ape, mock. 
Affenbrotbaum, m. baobab tree. 
A^natfM,/, refining (09* of gold by tiofttiiig 

with sulfuric adc^. 
aflbderea, 9 J. refine. 
Afbdat,/. affinity. 
Affiirintadnheit, /. unit of affinity. 
Affadtfttalehre, /. doctrine of affinity. 
AflbdOUareat, m. afflmty resduo, residual 

affinity. . 
AflBttltariditaiig, /. dii^atioB «f •fflnity. 



AfBnlvalMMt; /. atcHnidty, valence. 

After-, pseudo-, false, secondary, BOO-, after-, 

back-, hind-; anal, rectal. 
Afterkristall, m. pseudomorph. 
Afterschdrl, m. ajcinito. 
AftersUber, n. silver containing dross. 
A. G., abbrw. (Atomgewicht) atomic weight; 

(Aktiengesellschaft) joint-stock company* 
Agens, n. agent. 
Agentnr, /. agency. 
agglutinieren, v.t. & t. agglutinate. 
Aggr^atamstand, m, state of aggregation. 
Agio, n. premium, agio. 
Agitakel, n. stirrer. 
Agrikultnr, /. agriculture. 
Agrlkultorchemle, /. agricultural chemistry. 
Agtstein, m. amber. 
Ahlbeere, /. black currant. 
Able, /. awl, punch; black cherry 
Ahn, m. grandfather; ancestor. 
ahnden, v.L punish. 
Ahne, /. awn, chaff; grandmother. 
fthneln, 9.t. & r. resemble, 
ahnen, v4. anticipate; surmise. 
&lmllch, a. similar; analogous, resembling, like. 
-Shnlich, similar to, resembling, -like, -K^id. 
Xhnlichkeit,/. similarity, resemblance, likeness. 
Ahnung, /. presentiment, antidpation. 
Ahorn, m. maple. 
Ahomisaft, m. maple sap. 
AluMiisfture, /. aceric add. 
Ahomzucker, m. maple si^ar. 
Xhre, /. ear, spike. 
Xhrenfrttchte, f,pl. grains, cereals. 
Aichamt, aidiem vA., etc See Siehamt, 

eich«a, etc 
ajustieren, v.t. adjust. 
AJustiertiach, m. adjusting tabic 
Akajou, m. acajou (either cashew or mahogany 

Akaroidharz n. acaroid res&i. 
Akazie, /. acada. 

AkaaJengamini, n. acada gum, gum arable 
Akazin, n. gum arable 
Akkordarbelt, /. piece work, job work. 
AklnuBolator, m. accumulator, storage battery. 
aklmmulieren, vA. accumulate. 
Akonitinsfture, aconitic acid. 
Akonitknollen, aconite root, aconite. 
Akridingelb, n. acridine yellow. 
AkridiniAare, /. acridic acid, acridinie add. 
Akrylsttore, /. acrylic add. 
Akt, m. act, action, deed. 
Akte, /. act, deed, document. 
Aktenpapier, n. deed papor, record paper. 
Akt.-Ges., €^bre». of Aktiengesellschaft* 
Aktie, /. share. 

Aktiengesellschaft, /. jolnt-stodc company, 
aktinlsch, a. actinic 
Aktinismiis, 9?iv actinism. 


AktionSTy m. shareholder, e r 

aktiv, a. active. 

Aktlva, Aktiven, aaseb 

akdvleren, vU, activate. 

Aktivienmgszahl, /. activati k } 

Aktivitilt, /. activity. 

aktnell, a. actual; present; i • . .•-*. 

Akastfk, /. acoustics. 

akastisch, a. acoustic. 

Alant, m. elecampane. 

Alantkampher, m. hdenin. 

AlantwnrzeU /. {Pharm.) inuls 

alarmleren, v.t. alarm. 

Alaiin, m. alum. 

alaunartig, a. alumish, aluminjvis. 

Alaunbeize, /. (Dyeing) alucti-ui . t •*.••. 
(Leather) aluming. 

Aiaunbriihe, /. (Leather) alum •*€• -i, 

alaunen, v.L alum. 

Alannerde, /. alumina. 

alaunerdehaltlg, a. aluminiferous. 

Alannfels, m. alunite. 

Alaunfestigkeit, /. (Paper) alum resistance. 

aiaungar, a. dressed with alum, tawed. 

Alanngerherei, /. tawing; tawery. 

alaunhaitig, a. containing, alum, aluminous, 

alaunieren, v.t. alum. 

albunig, a. aluminous. 

Alaunkies, m. aluminous pyrites. 

Alaonkochen, m. alum cake. 

Alaunlaage, /. alum liquor. 

Alaunieder, n. alum leather. 

Alannmehl, n. powdered alum, precipitated 
alunx. ^ 

atatuisaner, a. alimiinate of. — alamusanres 
Salz, alimiinate. 

Alaunschiefer, m. alum slate, alum shale. 

Alaonsiederei, /. alum works. 

Alaunsteln, Alaunspat, m. alum stone, alunite. 

Alaonworzel, /. alum root. 

albem, a. siUy, foolish. 

Albmnlnstoir, m. albuminous substance, protein. 

Alchimie, Alchemle, /. alchemy. 

alcfaimistisch, a, alchemistic(al). 

Alembrothsalz, n. alembroth, salt of alembroth 

Alfa, /. esparto. 

Algarot(t)piilver, n. powder of algaroth, alga- 
rot, algaroth (SbOCl). 

Alge, /. alga, seaweed. 

algebraisch, a. algebraic. 

alicyclisch, a. alicydic. 

•Upfaatiflch, a. aliphatic. 

AUzarinblan, n. alizarin blue. 

Alk., abbrev. (Alkohol) alcohol. 

•Ikal., abbrev. (alkaliach) alkaline. 

AlkaUMan, n. alkali blue. 

alkaUecht, a. fast to alkali. 

Alkalien, n,pU alkalies. 



alkaUlMllch, a. soluble in alkaU, alkali-soluble. 

Alkalildsung, /. solution of alkali, alkaline 

alkaiimetrlsch, a, alkalimetric. 

alkalinisch, a. alkaline. 

Alkalinltftt, /. alkalinity. 

Alkaiisalz, n. alkali salt. 

alkaliach, a. alkaline.— elkaiische Erdmetalle, 
alkaline-earth metals. — alkalische Lult, al- 
kaline air (Priestley's name for ammonia). 

alkallsieren, v.t. render alkaline, alkalize. 

Alkaliti&t, /. alkaUnity. 

Alkalizitat, /. alkalinity. 

Alkannarot, n. alkanna red, anchusin. 

Alkogel, n. alcogel. 

alkoh., abbrev. (alkoholisch) alcoholic. 

Alkoholauszug, m. alcoholic extract. 

alkoholfrei, a. alcohol-free, non-alcoholic. 

Alkoholgftrang, /. alcoholic fermentation. 

Alkoholgehalt, m. alcohol content. 

alkoholhaltig, a. containing alcohol, alcoholic. 

alkoholisch, a. alcoholic. 

alkoholisieren, v.L alcoholize. 

Alkoholmesser, m. alcoholometer. 

alkoh<rfrelch, a. containing much alcohoL 

AlkoholiAure, /. alcohol acid. 

Alkoscri, n. alcosol. 

Alkoven, m. alcove, recess. 

alkylieren, v.t. introduce alkyl into, alkylate. 

Alkyliemng, /. alkylation. 

all, a. all, whole, every. 

allantoisch, a. allantoic. 

AUantos&are, AUantolsaftnre, /. allantoic acid 

allda, adv. there. 

Allee, /. avenue, alley. 

allein, a. alone, single. — adv. only, tnetfAy. — 
eo^j. but, still. 

AUeinhandel, m. monopoly. 

alleinig, a. sole, imique. 

alleinstehend, pM. isolated, insulated; un- 

allenfalls, adv. perhaps; at best. 

allenthalben, adv. everywhere. 

allerdings, adv. by all means. 

allerlei, a. all kinds of. 

allerw&rts, adv. everywhere. 

alles, n. all, everything. 

aUgemach, adv. gradually, by degr<.«ei* 

allgemein* a. general; common; ejndM-^iI^ -. 

am&hrlich, a. yearly, annual. 

allmiihiich, a. gradual. — adv, gra'3;.ul<^ 

Alloiflomerie, /. alloisomerism. 

AUomerlsmus, m. allomerism. 

allomorph, a. allomorphic 

AUonge, /. adapter. 

allotnv, a. allotropic. 

Allotn^Kle, /. allotropy, allotropis. 1 . 

allotropisch, a. allotropic 



Alloziirbaseii 11 

/.pZ. aUazttiie bases (purine 

AUoxnrkBrpcr, allooraric substances (pur- 
ine substanees). 

ADosiinmtsftiure, /. allodnnamle aeid. 

aHsdtig, a. univernl; versatile. 

aOti^ch, a. daily; oommonplaee. 

AliylaeiifSl* n. allj^ mustard oil. 

aUxo, ods. too mueh, altogether too. 

Aim, /. mountain pasture. 

Ahnerodcr Tlegel. Hesman erudble. 

Alnioseii« n. alms, charity. 

Aloe* /. aloes. 

Aloeflnrijure, Aloesliare, /. aloetie acid. 

Alprmnken, bittersweet {Solanum dtUcainara), 

Alqaifonz, ». alquifou, potter's lead. 

Airauii, m., Alranne, Almne, /. mandrake. 

Alnuinwiirzel, /. {Pharm.) mandragora. 

sis, eonj, asy like; than, accept; when; as if, 

abbald, adr. at once. 

slsdann, adv. then. 

also, ad9. & eonj. according, so, thus. 

alt, a. old, aged, ancbnt. 

alUiackeB* put. stale. 

Aheisen, n. old iron, scrap iron. 

Alter, n. age, old age. 

AUerantia, n.pL alteratives. 

ahem, 9.t.i^e, grow old; decline. — v.f. age. 

altemiereii, v.i. alternate. — altornierend, p.a, 
alternating, alternate. 

Alters-, old-age, senile; age, of age. 

Altertmn, n. antiquity. 

Altertmnakiuide, /. archeology. 

Altenmtf,/. aging. 

AltgeseD* m. foreman. 

Altgiimiiil, n. old rubber. 

Althee, /. marsh mallow iAUhma ojBicinalia); 
(Pharm.) althaea. 

Ahheewnrzel, /. iPharm.) althaea. 

alUdng, a. preeodous. 

Altntalx, n. stored malt. 

AhsdiadciiwBQper, n. (.Pharm.) yeUow meveurial 

AJoddhan, n. acouchi resin, aluchi resin. 

AhunintiunfliiorwasBerstoffailure, /. fluoalumi- 
nic acid. 

Ahuniniaaisalz, n. aluminium salt. 

amalgamieren, vj. amalgamate. 

AmalgamJecnng, /. amalgamation. 

Amber* m. amber; (graner) ambergris. 

Ambsap, m. anvil. 

Ambra* m., /. & n. amber.— gelber Ambra, 
yeUoW or ordinary amber. — graner Ambra, 
ambergris. — ^flttssiger Ambra, liquidambar. 

Amhnbmmmt m. amber tree. 

Ambrafett, n. ambrein. 

Aabraholz, n. ydlow sandalwood. 

Ambrall, n. ofl of amber. 

, a. moving about, traveling, ambulant. 


AMciom*. formic. 

Ameisenftther, m. formic ether (etnyl formate). 

Amelsengsist, m. (Pharm,) r^t of ants (a 

mixture of formic add, alcohol and water). 
ameiaenaaner, a. of or combined with foimie 

add, formate of. 
Ameiaensftore, /. formic add. 
Ameisenapfaitos, m. >: Ameisengeist. 
amerikanisch, a. American. 
Ametall, n. nonmetal. 
Amiant, m. amianthus (mlky asbestos). 
Amidgrappe, /. amido (or amino) group, 

amidieren, vA, amidate, convert into an amide. 
Amldlerung, /. amidation. 
Amido-. amino-, amido- (should be translated 

amido- only when the compound is of amide 

nature, otherwise amino-). 
Amidobenaol, n. aminobenzene. 
Amidoessigsftore, /. ftminoacetic add. 
Amidokohlens&nre, /. amidocarbonic add 

(carbamic add). 
Amidos&nre, /. amino add. 
Amidoachwefelstture, /. amidosulfuric add 

(sulfamic add, NH2SOSH). 
AmidosalfofiKore, /. amidosulfuric (sulfamic) 

add; aminosulfonic add.' 
Amlds&ure, /. amide add, amic add. 
-amids&are, /. -amic add. 
Aminos&ure, /. amino add. 
Amins&ure, /. amino acid; amic add. 
-aminiAure, /. -amic add. 
Amme,/. (wet) nurse. 
Ammon-. (in combination) ammonium; as, 

Ammonchlorid, ammonium chloride. 
Ammoniak, n. ammonia (in old names of sslts 

equivalent to ammonium, as saizsaores 

Ammoniak, ammonium chloride); ammoniac. 
AmmonUkalann, m. ammonia alum. 
ammoniakalisch, a. ammoniacal. 
Ammoniakbestimmung,/. determination of am- 
Ammoniakflikssigk^t, /. ammonia water, 

aqueous ammonia; (Tech.) ammoniacal 

Ammonlakgas, n. ammonia gas. * 

Ammoniakgumml, m. gum ammoniac, ammon- 
ammoniakhaltig, a. containing ammonia, 

Ammonlakpflanze, /. ammoniac plant. 
Ammoniakpflaater, n. ammoniac plaster. 
Ammoniakrest, m. ammonia residue (amidogen, 

Ammoniaksals, n. ammonitun salt. 
Ammonlakyo'bindung, /. ammonia compound; 

ammonium compound. 
Ammoniakwasaer, n. ammoniacal liquor. 
Ammoniakwelnatein, m. ammonium potassium 



dom bromatiini 



, . n « . 

Ai , 






turn. (PA<inn.) ammoliiuiii 

am. {.Phatm^ ammonium 

.%. {pharm^ ammonium 

. imonium salt. 

n. ammonium hydros 

>«• ^- •>• 

n. ammonium thio- 

'.£» /. ammonium eom- 



Ammon ^M>nit» n. ammonearbonite (trade 
name of an explosive). 

Ammonsalpeter, m. ammonium nitrate. 

Ammonsulfat, n. ammonium sulfate. 

Amniosfliissigkeit, /. amniotic fluid. 

Amniossanre, /. amniotic acid (allantoin). 

amorph, amorpMsch* a. amorphous. 

Ampfer, m. sorrel, dock (iZumex). 

amphotn*, a, amphoteric. 

ampuUenformig, a. ampulliform. 

amputieren, t.i, amputate. 

Amsel, /. ousel, blackbird. 

Amt, n. office, post, employment, busineas; 
board, court, council. 

amtlicfa, a. official. 

Amtmaniiy m. magistrate. 

Amtsberidit, m. official report. 

Amtsbiatt, n. official gazette. 

Amyl«^yse, /. amylolysis. 

Amyloxydhydrat, n. amyl alcohol. 

an, 'pnrp^ at, by, along, against, to; in, on; near 
to, about; in respect to, by way of. — <id9, on, 
onward, along, up. 

an«. (with verbs), at, toward, on, commence to, 
continue to. 

-an. {Pr{f, Chem.), in the names of saiuraied 
hydrocarbons and heterocyclic parent com- 
pounds, -ane; in other cases, -an; as, Methan, 
methane; Menthan, menthane; Pyra,n, 
P3rran; Urethan, urethan. 

An., abhrev. (Anmerkung) note, remark. 

analog, a. analogous. 

Analogon, n. analog. 

Analysator, m. (QptieB) analysMr. 

Analyse, /. analysis. 

Analyses-, analytical. 

Analysenformel, /. analysis formula, empirical 

Analysentrichter, m. analytical funnd. 

Analyaenwage, /. analytical balance. 

anaiysieren, v.t. analyze. 

Anaiytlker, m. analyst. 

analytiacb, a. analytical, analytic. 

Ananas, /. pineapple. 

AnanaiAther, m., Amwaae o Bei i a, /. pineapple 
essence (ethyl butyrate). 

anarbeiten, v4. join, attadu 

anilartM!»rt<ali, a, aneathedc 

Anatas, m, anataae. 

Miatomlaeli, a. anatomical. 

an&tzen, v.L cauterize; begin to etchj 

Aniitzang, /. cauterisation. 

anbacken, v,U bake on, fix by firing; bake 

anbahnen, vA, pave the way for. 
anbauen, vA. grow, cultivate; add. 
anbei, adv. herewith. 
anbeizen, v.U mordant, 
anbelangen, v,t. relate to. 
anberaumen, v.t. appoint. 
anbeten, v.t, adore. 
Anbetracht, m. consideration, 
anblnden, «.(. tie, bind, 
anblaaen, td. blow in (a blast furnace) ; seal on 

(with the blast). 
anblauen, v.L blue, tinge with blue. 
Anblick, m. sight, aspect, view, 
anblicken, v.t, look at. 
anbluten, v.t. (of colors) bleed, run. 
anbohren, v4. bore, tap. 
anbrennen, vJ. set fire to» light; sooroh. — o.t. 

catch fire, begin to bum. 
anbringen, vd. place; dispose of, sell; lodge (a 

Anbmch, m. decay; opening (of a ndne) ; first 

ore; daybreak, dawn. 
anbriichig, a. decaying, putrescent, spoiled, 

rotten, moldy. 
anbrtthen, vA. scald, infuae» steep (in hot 

Anchnsa^nre, /. anchusic add (anehuirin). 
Andacht,/. devotion; devotions. 
AndaiH, n. anda oil. 

andanemd, p.a. lasting, continual, stttady. 
Andenken, m. remembrance, memory, 
ander, a. other, another, else, 
anderbar, a, alterable. 
&ndem, vJ. alter, change. 
andemlUIs, adf. else, otherwtee. 
anders, adv. otherwise, differently. — wenn 

andors, if indeed, provided. 
anderaeits, adv. on the other hand, on the '^*' ^ 

anderthalb, a. sescpu-; one and a half, 
anderthalbfach, a. sesqui-. 
Xnderung, /. eluukge, alteration, varif 
anderwilrtB, adv. elsewhero. 
anderweitig, a. & adv. in another ' 

otherwise)^ further, 
andeuten, vie. indicate, signify .■•.*<j'«. 
Andentuag, /. indication, etc ; ixi*-, 

andichten, v.t. charge falaely. 
Andom, m. horehound. 
Andomkraut, n. (ordinary) hMi > . 
Andrang, m. rush, crowd, oongt'.^i : f--. •> - \ 
andrehen, vd. twist on, screw o^. 
andriicken, v.t. press on, press ■'...•.•. 




indulMliiy 9.{. darken. 

aneiCiieii, vJ. assimilate; appropriate, aequire. 

aneouuider, adv. t<^:ether. 

aiM^iiandcrfflgen» «.<. join. 

aaekebi, 9 J. disgust. 

•BerMeteB, v.1. offer, proffw. 

anerlceiinbar, a. recognizable. 

anerkennen* #.<. recognize; acknoiidedge; ap- 

Anerkennung, /. recognizing, recognition, etc 
(aee anerkennen). 

ufschen, v.<. fan, kindle. 

anfahreii, vJ. carry near, bring up; attack, 
snub.-— «.{. appnmch, arrive. 

Anfall, m. attack; fit; stay, prop. 

ufalleB, 9.t. (of dyes) go on; fall on, fall. 

Anfang, m. beginning; origin. 

anfangeB, «X & i. begin, commence. 

Aofai^er, m, beginner. 

uifaagB, ads. at first, originally. 

; Aniangs-. initial, beginning, first, primary. 

Anfaagalmelistabe, m. initial, capital (letter). 

Anfang^led, n. initial member, first member 
(of a aeriee). 

AnfaagiVluuae, /. initial phase. 

Aiifjuigawert* m. initial value. 

AnfangBzostand, m. initial state or condition. 

asfarbeii, 9.1. color, dye, paint, tinge; start 

anfaseen, vM seize, handle; tmdertake. — v.r, 

aafkiilea* s.t. begin to rot.— «iifSaulend, p.a, 
pu t r o ec cn t. — angefludt, p.a. rottoti, decayed. 

anfechteii, 9.1. combat, attack; trouble, con- 

aarertigea» pJ. make ready, make, manu- 

Anfertigang, /. making, manufacture; com- 

aafettea, vJ. grease. 

anfeachteiiy 9 J. moisten, damp, wet. 

Ajifeaekter, m. moistener; iBrevoing) sparger. 

aafencm, 9 J. light, fire; prime; inflame, excite. 

Anfenemng, /. priming. 

anlli iilsm n, 9 J. varnish (over). 

anflehen, 9jL implore, supfdieate. 

aaflegea* 9.t. effloresce; grow spontaneously; 
(of dyes) rush on; fly on; fly; occur. — ange- 
flegen* jpM, ineruated. 

Aoflog. m. incrustation, coating, efitoresosnce; 
tinge, tint, slight admixture; smattering; 
flying (against), flight; onset; young wood; 

Aafhtas, m. alluvium; onflow, afflux. 

aaCardem^ fJL demand, require. 

Aalbrdenuig, /. demand, requirement, daim. 

aafragoi, 9.t. inqidre. 

9J. corrode; erode; eat at. 
I, 9.<. freshen, refredi, revive; reduce 
(metals); vamudi (paintings). 

anfHhtew, 9j. feel, touch, handle. 

Aaf llhleii, n. feel, touch. 

anfflhren, v.L lead; adduce; quote; impose on. 

AnfihnuigBBeldhen, quotation marlcs. 

aBfttlien, v4. fill, fill up, cram. 

Angabe, /. statement; specification, estimate; 

information; instruction; plan. — An^d^n, 

pi. data. 
angeben, v.L state, declare, tell; specify; accuse; 

indicate; devise. 
angeblich, a. stated; alleged; pretended; 

angeboren, p.a, inborn, innate, (tongenital. 
Angebot, n. off«r, bid. 
angeflogen, pM. see anfliegen. 
angefressen, p.p. of anfressen. 
angegrilTen, p.p. of angreifen. 
Angehftufe, n. conglomerate; heap, aggregate. • 
angeh^n, v.i. begin (to grow, bum, decay, etcO; 

go on, (of dyes) be absorbed^be feasible; be 

passable. — 9.t, approach; concern. 
angeh5r!g, a. belonging, r^ated. 
Angehdrigen, pi. relatives, relations. 
Angel, /. hinge; hook; pivot; axis. 
angelegen, p.a. see anliegen. 
Angelegenheit, /. concern, i^air. 
angelegentlich, a. earnest, urgent. 
Angelikaaiiare, /. angelic acid.' 
angemessen, p.a. suitable, 
angentthert, p.a. see annahem. 
angenehm, a. pleasant, agreeable. 
angeaommen, p.a. see annehmen. 
ang^Msat, pM. see anpaasen. 
Anger, m. grass plot, pasture, 
angeschmolzen, p.p. of anschmelzen. 
angeschwemmt, p.a. alluvial. - 
angesehen, p.a. see ansehen. 
angesessen, p.a. resident. 
Angeslcht, n. face, countenance; look, 
angesichts, ado. in face of. 
angestammt, a. hereditary; inborn. 
Angestellte, m. employee; appointee; o6Scial. 
angewandt, p.a. see anwenden. 
angewdhnen, vA. accustom. 
angezf^en, p.a. see anziehen. 
angiessen, v.t. pour on; water; (Founding) cast 

on; iCeramiea) color by a coat of clay. 
angliedem, v.t. join on,- link on. 
AngUederung, /. union, coalition. 
angltthen, v.t. heat to glowing, glow; mull 

(wine). — 9.r. begin to glow. 
angreifbar, a. capable of being attacked or 

angreifen, 9.f. attack, act on, affect; corrode 

(metals); lay hold of; fatigue; undertake. 
angrenzen, vJ. bord«r on, adjoin. — angrenzend, 

PM. adjacent, adjoining. 
AngrUr, m. attack; handling; undertaking. 
Angst, /. anxiety, fright, agony. 
Ungstlgen, v4, alarm, frighten, worry. < 



aalMfleii, v.i. adhere, be attadied (to). — 
anbafleiid* pui. adhering; adhenve; inherent. 

Anhalt, m. support; atop, pause. 

anhaUen, vJ. stop, stay, halt.— «.t. stop; hold 
on, persist; aolieit. — anhaltend* p.a. eon- 
tinuons, persifetent, lasting. 

Anhaltpankt, Anhaitaponkt, in. stopping point, 
station; iMeek.) fulcrum. 

Anhaag, m. addition, appendix, supplement; 
following, party; (Anai.) appendix. 

anhangen, v.i. adhere, hang on. 

anhlngen; vd. attach, affix, append, add; 
(Miuh,) throw in, connect. 

AnhSager, m. follower, adherent; appendage. 

anhingig, a. adhering; appended, annexed; 

anhiingUch, a. attached; faithful. 

Anhjngael, n. appendage; amulet. 

Anhanch, m, tinge; breathing on. 

aahaachen, 9A» breathe upon; tinge. 

anhHafen, v.t, aggregate; accumulate. — v.r. 

Anhjlnfiuig, /. aggregation; accumulation; ag- 

anh^ten, v4. fasten to, attadu 

anhelmstdlen, vJ. conunit, submit. 

anhelschig, a. bound, pledged. 

anher, adv. hither. — bis anher, hitherto. 

Anhdhe, /. elevation, h31; rising ground. 

anhfeen, vA. listen to, hear. — v.r. sound. 

anhydrisch, a. anhydrous. 

AnhydroeAore,/. anhydro add (an add, such as 
pyrosulf uric, which is formed from apolybasie 
add by elimination of water). 

Anilinblan, n. aniline blue. 

Anilinfarbe, /. aniline color. 

Anilinfarbatoff, m. aniline dye. 

Anillngelb, n. aniline yellow. 

AnilinSl, n. aniline oil. 

Anilinrot, n. aniline red. 

AnIlbuBchwarc, n. aniline black. 

animallsch, a. animal. 

animaiisieren, vJ. animalize. 

Anis, m. anise; aniseed. 

Anisaidfehyd, m. & n. anisic aldehyde. 

Anisgeist, m. (Pharm.) spirit of anise. 

Anisdl, n. aniseed oil, anise oil. 

anlsotrop, a. anisotropic 

Anissame, Anissamen, m. aniseed, (Pharm.) 

Anissftnre, /. anisic add. 

Anlier, m. anchor; (of a magnet) keeper, 

anidtten, v.t. fasten with cement, cement. 

anklagen, v.t. accuse. 

Anklang, m. concord, accord; sympathy. 

anideben, v.t. stick on, glue on, paste on, ag- 
glutinate, attach. — v.i. stick, adhere. — 
anklebend, p.a. adhesiye, agglutinative. 

anfcleiden, v.t. & r. dress. 

ankB&pfeii, vJ. fasten (by tying), join; enter 

upon, engage in. 
ankochen, vJ. bring to the boil, begin to boil. 
ankoUen, t J. char partially. 
ankommen» v.u arrive; approadi; succeed; be 

important; depend; {Brewing) start fer- 
AnUtaunling, m. newcomer, novice. 
aakflndigen, ankfinden, vJ. announce, publish. 
Ankunfl,/. arrivaL 

Aniage, /. establishment, plant, works; at- 
tached paper; investment; bent, talent; tax; 

(pL) park. 
aniageni, vA. add (on), take up; accumulate. 
Anlagemng, /. ad<fition, etc (see anlagem). 
aniangen, v.t. arrive.— v.<. concern. — anlangend 

prep, concerning, as for. 
Aniaaa, m. occasion, motive; occurrence; lettint 

in; starting. 
anlassen, vA. temper, anneal (glass or metals) 

let in', turn on, start (going). 
Aniaascr, m. {Brewing) starting box, starter. 
Anlasflfarbe, /. {Sleel) temper color. 
Anlaaaofen, m. tempering furnace, annealing 

oven. 4 

Anlaaswirkong, /. tempering effect, annealinf 

Anlaof, m. onset, run, attack; swelling (o| 

waters); slope, ascent; concourse, crowd! 

{Modi.) catch, tappet, 
anlaufen, v.i. become coated (with oxide 

moistiue, mcdd, etc.), tarnish, become du] 

or dim; (of dyed goods) recolor; swell, in 

tumesce; increase; amount; run; crowd. 
Aolanffarbej /. (Metal) tempering color, 
aniegen, vA. lay or put on, apply, fix; invc 

found; lay out; plan. 
Anlehen, m., Anleihe, /.loan. 
anlelten, v.t. lead, guide, conduct; instruct. 
Anleltung, /. leading, conducting; instructioi 

(of books) introduction, guide, key. 
anliegen, o.t. be adjacent, lie near; fit; concern 

entreat. — angdegen, pM. interesting; im 

anloten, v.t. solder, solder on; cause tcpdhere. 
Amn., abbrev, (Anmerkung) note, rensrk. 
anmachen, v.t. slack (lime) ; mix, temper, dilute 

adulterate; fasten on, attach; light 
anmelden, v.t. announce, advprfiMA 
anmengen, v.t. mix, blend, te^ 
Anmerkung, /. note, remark. ' 
Anmnt, /. grace, charm. 
Ann., abbrev. Annalen der CI 
annilhem, vA. & r. approac 

bring or draw near.— «ni 

proximate; approaching. — 

Annahme, /. assum^ition, hi^ 

tance. , 

annilssen, v.t. moist4^ a little. 





•nnekmen, v.t. aasome, suppose; take, aeeept; 
take, take up (colors). — angenommeii, p.a. 
ABnehmaBg,/. assumption, etc. (see annehmen). 
tsaektiereB, vA. annex, 
snaetzen, v.l. moisten, dampen. 
•mrietan, vA, rivet, rivet on. 
Anaonce,/. advertisement. 
asBonclereii, vM advertise, announce. 
Aaodendlchte, /. anode density, anodic density. 
aaSleB* vJ. cnl, coat with oil. 
aaomal, anomailsch, a, anomalous. 
aoordneB* v.<. arrange, regulate, order. 
ABordnmig, /. arrangement, disposition, regula- 
«sorganlnrh, a. inorganic. 
uormal, a. abnormal. 
asoxydieren, v.L oxidize. 

9.f. adapt, adjust, fit, suit. — 
p.a. suitable, fit. — angepaaat, 
P.O. adapted, adjusted, suited, appropriate. 
Aapaasnng* /. adaptation, adjustment. 
Ai^rally m. impact; contusion. 
upraBen, v.t. strike, impinge (forcibly). 
aapudem. 9 A. powder, 
aapatxen, v.L dress up, adorn, decorate, 
aaqiiicken, v.L amalgamate. 
Anrat* m. advice, counsel. 
anranehen* vA. smoke. 
anraaehern, vA, fumigate; perfume. 
aareehnen* vA. charge; ascribe; count. 
Anredity n. daim, title. 
aareden. v.L speak to, address. 
snregen, vA. set going, incite, stimulate; in- 
terest; suggest, mention. — anregend, p.a. 
exciting, interesting. 
anreiben, v.l. rub, rub on. 
anrdebem, vA, enrich, strengthen, concentrate. 
Aareichleeh, m. enriched matt. 
sareilien* «.l. arrange in, or attach to, a series. 
aoreixen* v.L stimulate; instigate. . 
aarichten, vA. prepare, drees; perform, pro- 
duce; serve; mix (colors). 
Anrichter, m. aasayer; (ore) dresser. 
anrosten* v.t. begin to rust; become fixed by 

rust. • 

aarflchlc. a. disreputable. 
a ar it h ren, tA. touch, handle; stir; mix, temper; 

touch on, refer to. 
aas, abbrev. an das. 
aasagen* vA. announce state. 
ansammeln, vA. collect, gather, accumulate, 

amass; {Physics) focus. 
Ansamnaliuig, /. collection, etc. (see ansam- 

mela); heap, mass; throng. 
Ansatz, m. deposit, sediment; attachment, 
added piece, lug, shoulder, etc.; appendage; 
preparing, mixture; ingredients; ilite; item; 
onset; tendency; (Dyeing) standard. 

n. {Dyeing) first bath, initial bath. 



Anaatzpnnkt, tn. point of attachment or inser- 

Ansatarohr, n. attached tube, insert tube. 

Ansatzstttck, n. attached piece or part, attach- 

ansilaeni, vA. acidify, acidulate; sour; {Baking) 
add yeast to. 

Ansangehub, m. suction stroke. 

ansangen, v.<. &. t. suck, sudc in. 

Ansangrohr, n. suction tube. 

anschaffen, vA. provide, supply; purchase. 

ansehanen, v.l. look at, view, consider. 

anschaolicli, a. dear, pdain. 

AnschauaKK, fi mode of viewing, view, idea; 
observation; peroeption; intuition. 

Anschammgsweise, /. point of view, stand- 

Anschein, m. appearance; likdihood. 

anachiehten, vA, pile in layers, stratify. 

anachicken, v.r. prepare. 

Anachieber, m. lengthening piece; {Brewing) 
workman; {Baking) kissing crust. 

anschiessen, v.t. shoot into crystals, crystal- 
lize; shoot; rush; be adjacent. 

Anschiessgefliss, n. crystallizing vessel, crystal- 

AnscUag, m. stroke; impact; posting up, 
placard; estimate; plan, attempt. 

anschlagen, vA. strike at; f^t^ affix; aim; 

anachlagtg, a. ingenious. 

anschli&mmen, vA. suspend; elutriate, wash; 
deposit (mud, etc.); make into a paste; 
smear with mud or dime. 

anschleifen, vA. grind, polish. 

anschliessen, vA, fasten (on), attach, annex, 

Anachlnse, m. joining; jxmction, connection; 
enclosure, something annexed. 

anschmdzen, vA. melt or fuse on (to), join by 
fusion. — p.t. begin to melt; adhere by fusion. 

anschmlegen, vA. cause to ding (to), press (to). 
— v.r. cling (to). 

anschmieren, vA. smear; adulterate; cheat. 

ansclunutzen, vA. soil. 

anschrauben, v.^ screw on. 

Anschyldigung, /. accusation. 

anschiiren, vA. stir up, stir, keep going (fire). 

Anschuss, m. crystallization; crop (of crystals) ; 
shooting; rush. 

anschUtten, v.t. pour on, discharge on. 

anschwangem, v.i. saturate, impregnate. 

Anschwftnzapparat, m. sprinkler, sparger. 

anschwilnzen, v.t. sprinkle, sparge. 

anschwiirzen, v.t. blacken; dander. 

anschwefein, v.U treat or fumigate with sulfur. 

anschweissen, v.U weld on, weld together. 

ai^chwellen, v.t. swell, swell out. 

anschwdden, vA. paint (the flesh dde of hides) 
with lime. 




aasdlieii, vJ. look at» aee, regard; 
-— angesehen, important, prominent. 

Ansefaen, n. appearance; standing, reputation. 

anaehnMch, a. conspicuous, important. 

ansetzen, v.r. crystallize; efltoresoe; be de- 
posited. — v.i. set on, apply, attach; prepare, 
mix; charge (a furnace); establish. — v,u 
make a start, try. 

Anaicht, /. view; inspection; opinion. 

analehtig, a. cognizant. 

ansAeden, vS. boil, boil on; scorify; blanch; 
mordant (by boiling). — ^Ansieden und Ab- 
dunkeln, stuffing and saddening. 

Andedeprobe, /. scorification assay. * 

Amsiedescherben, m. seorifier. 

ansinnen* v.t. expect, require; attribute. 

anspannen, v,t. strain, stretch, bend; hitch. 

aoBpielen, v.t. hint, allude; begin to play. 

ansprechen, v.t. address; claim; ask; please. 

ansprengen,o.t. blow up, blast; sprinkle; urge on. 

Ansprach, m. daim; demand. 

Anstalt, /. institution, establishment; prepara- 
tion, arrangement. 

Anstand, m. delay; hesitation; behavior; pro- 

anstanddos, a. unhesitating. 

anstatt, prep, instead of. 

anst&uben, v.t. dust, powder. 

anstechen, v.t. pierce, tap, open. 

'anstecken, vj. stick on, fasten; infect; light (a 
fire). — ansteckend, p.a. contagious, infec- 

anstelgen, v.i. rise, ascend. 

Anstellbottlch, m. (Brewing) starting tub. 

anstellen, v.t. institute, make; install, set 
going, start; prepare; pitch (wort); appoint, 
employ; plan. — v.r, behave; pretend. 

Ansteller, m. employer. 

anstellig, a. skilful, handy. 

Anstelltemperatur, /. (Brewing) pitching tem- 

Anstellung, /. instituting, etc. (see anstellen); 
situation, employment. 

Anstieg, m. rise, ascent. 

anstiften, v.L contrive, cause. 

anstocken, v.i. become moldy. 

Anstoss, m. collision; impulse, impetus; of- 
fense; butt joint. 

anstossen, v.t. crush, prepare by crushing; 
strike against, impinge upon; oifend. — v.t. 
strike, impinge; be adjacent; stumble; 
stanmier; offend.— anstossend» pus. adja- 
cent, contiguous. 

anstossig, a. offensive, shocking. 

Anstrebekraft, /. centripetal force. 

anstreben, v,u strive toward; oppose.— o.l. 
strive for. 

Anstreiche, /. paint, color. 

anstreichen, v.t. paint, coat, color, varnish; 
mark; underscore. 

aiMlraBgeii* v.t. stretch, stNdn. 

Anstrieh, m. paint, painting, cit. 
dye; tint, color; appearance. 

ansuclieny vU. apply, request. 

an8tt8sen,vJ. wash, edulcorate; swij' . ^ 

anteigen, vA. stir into a paste, mak ' . 

Antetl, Antheil, m. constituent; po ' 
interest, sympathy. 

Anthrachinolin, n. anthraquinoline. 

Antlvachinon, n. anthraquinone. 

Anthrazen, n. anthracene. 

Anthrazlt, n. anthracite. 

anthrazitartlg, a. anthracitie. 

Antichlor, n. antichlore, antichlor, anti ' ''-' _«,• 

Antikatalysator, m. anticatalyzer. 

antikatalytiseh, a. anticatalytic. 

Antikdrper, m. antisubstance, antibody (cf. 

Antimon, n. antimony. 

antlmonartig, a. like antimony; antimonial. 

Antimonblei, n. (MetoZ.) lead containing anti- 

Antlmonblende, /. kermesite. 

AntlmonblUte, /. antimony bloom, valentinite. 

Antimonbutter, /. butter of antimony. 

AntimoncMoridy n. antimony chloride, specif., 
antimony pentachloride. 

Antimonchloriir^ n. antimony trichloride. 

Antimonglanz, m. antimony glance, antimonite. 

Antlmonhalogen, n. antimony halide. 

antlmonhaltig, a, containing antimony; anti- 

antimonig, a. antimonious. — antimonite S&ure, 
antimonious add. 

antimonigsaner, a. of or combined 'with anti- | 
monious add, antimonite of. 

Antimonigsftureanhydrid, n. antimony trioxide. 

antimonisch, a. antimonial, antimonic. 

Antimonium, n. antimony. 

Antimonkupferglanz, m. antimonial copx>eT 
glance (boumonite or chalcostibite). 

Antimonidckelglanz, m. ullmannite. 

Antimonoxychlorur, n. antimony oxychloride 

Antimonoxyd, n. antimony oxide, specif., anti- 
mony trioxide. 

Antimonsaffran, m. antimonial saffron, crocus 
of antimony. 

Antimonsalz, n. antimony salt, sped£., a double 
compound of antimony trifluoride <Mid. am- 
monium sulfate. 

antimonsaner, a. of or < 
monic acid, antimona '- 

Antlmons&nre, /. antim* 

Antimonsilber, n. antim > 

Antimonsilberblende, /. p ' 

Antimonsirfegel, m. antin. 

Antimons&Ifld, n. antimon.- 
mony pentasulfide. 

AntimonsulfUr, n, antimon;- : - < i 

I anti- 



■ i 




'( AndmoiiTerWiidinif T /. antimony eompound. 
Antteonwj Dcnrt o i f, m. antimony hydride, 

Antfanenxiimober, m. kermes mineral. 
aotiphloi^attsd^ a. antiphiogigtie. 
intipodisdi, a. antipodal, opposite. 
^ antlqoarisdi, a. (of books) second-hand. 
j Antisepticam, Antiseptikam, n. antiseptic. 
I antifleptlsch, a. antiseptic 
I AntiwefaiAiire, /. antitartarie add. 
Anditz, n. countenance, face. 
Antonekrant, n. willow herb (Phanumerum 

angtuHfolium) . 
Antrag, in. proposal, motion, 
antragen, v.t. lay on, apply; propose, offer. 
ultreffen, vj. hit upon, meet with. 
antreiben, vA. drive on, drive i^ainst, drive in; 

hoop (casks) ; impd, incite. 
antreten, vJ. enter upon, set out upon; accost. 
Antrim, m. impulse, impulsion; (motive) 

power; motive. 
Antritt, m. beginning, entrance, first step. 
Anfarittsvoriesnng, /. inaugural lecture. 
•ntrocknen, v.t. dry on; b^in to dry. 
antnn, vJ. put on; do to; do violence to. 
Antwort* /. answer, reply. 
antworten, v.t. & t. answer, reply. 
anvertranen, v*L trust, confide, 
anrerwandt, p.a. related. 
Anwacfas, m. increase, swelling. 
Anwalt* m. attorney; deputy. 
Anwandlnng, /. fit, attack. 
anwi&rmen, v.t. warm, heat (moderately); dry 

(by heating). — v.t. warm, begin to heat. 
Anwartschaft, /. expectancy. 
anwassem, v.t. moisten slightiy. 
aDw^clien, vJ. soak (or steep) slightiy. 
anweisen, vJ. point out, show; assign; direct; 

anweaasen* vA. whitewash, whiten. 
Anweisangy /. direction, instruction; money 

ord«'» check, draft; assignment. 
anwendbar, a. usable, applicable, practicable, 

anwenden, vd. apply, employ, use. — angewandt, 

pM, applied, practical. 
Anwendang, /. application, employnient, use. 
Anwendnngsweise, /. mode of application. 
anwesend, a. present. 
anwidav, 9,L di^:u8t, offend. 
Anwneho, m. growth, increase. 
Ajtwatf* m. plastering; deiMMdt. 
AnzaU, /w number. 
anzableii* 9 J. pay on aeooant.' 
anzapfen, td. tap. 
KnTtiehein^ n. sit;ii, indication, symptom, 

Aaxeige, /. information; indication; (of an in- 
ftrument) reading; notice, report, circular, 
advertisement, deapatdk. 



anaeigeii, vJ. inform, announce, advertise; in- 

Anxeiger, m. indicator; iMaih.) exponent; in- 
former, advertiser. 

anzetteln, vA. plot; iWtaving) warp. 

anzlehen, v.t. draw, pull, attract; absorb; draw 
tight, stretch; raise, grow; put on (dothes); 
quote. — v.t. take effect, hold well; harden, 
set; attract moisture; approach. — amieheiid, 
pji. attractive; astringent. — angezogen, p.a. 
(of malt) slack. 

Ansielinng, /. attraction, etc (see anziehen); 
adhesion; (PhynoL) adduction. 

Anziehnngskraft, /. attractive power, attnus 
tion; adhesive power. 

Anzucht, /. raising, cultivation. 

Anzag, m. i^proach; dressing; dothing, dress; 

anriigifch, a. offensive, cutting. 

anzilnden, vA. ignite, Idndle, Ught. 

Aorte, /. aorta. 

Aorten-. aoHic 

AouaradI, n. African palm oil. 

Apfel, m. apple. 

Apfelather, Apfelather, m. malic ether (ethyl 
malate); essence 'of apple (genuine or ar- 

Apfelmost, m. (new) dder. 

Apfelmus, m.<apple sauce. 

Apfelsalbe, /. pomatum. 

apfelsaner, iipfelsauer, a. of or combined with 
malic add,^ malate of. 

Apfelsaure, XpiTels&nre, /. malic acid. 

Apfelsine, /. (sweet) orange. 

Apfelsinenschalenjd, n. orange-ped oil, essence 
of orange. 

Apfdwein, Xpfelwein, m, dder. 

aphlogistisch, a. aphlogistic. 

aplanatisch, a. aplanatic. 

Apochlnen, n. apoquinene. 

Apochinin, n. apoquinine. 

Apokamphersaure, /. apocamphoric acid. 

Apotheke, /. drugstore, chemist's shop, apothe- 
cary's shop. 

Apotheker, m. pharmacist, druggist, (in Eng- 
land) pharmaceutical chemist, apothecary. 

Apothekerbnch, n. dispensatory, pharmacopda. 

Apothekergewicht, n. apothecary's weight. 

Apothekerknnst, /. apothecary's art, pharmacy 

ApothekercMrdnung, /. dispensatory. . 

Apothekerverein, m. pharmaceutical sodety, or- 
ganization of druggists. 

Apothekerwage,/. druggist's scales, apothecary's 

Apothekerwaren, /. pL drugs. 

Apothekerwarenhkndler, m. druggist. 

Apothekerweaen, n. pharmaceutical matters. 

Apothekerwissenschaft, /. pharmacology. 

App., abbrev. of Apparat. 

Apparat, m. apparatus. 



appanihr, a. pertaining to apparatus. 

Apparatur, /• apparatus (collectively), 

^ppellieren, v,u appeal. 

appetttlichp a. appetizing, ddidous. 

^pplfaiereii, vjL apply. 

AppUilenuig, /. application. 

appretteren, 9 J. dress, finish (doth). 

Appretur,/. finishing, dressing; finkh, dreasing, 

appretnrecht, a. unaffected by finishing. 

Appretomilttel, n. finishing agent, dressing map 
terial, dressing. 

approbieren, vjL approre. 

Aprikose, /. apricot. 

Xqoator, m. equator. 

Aqnavit, m. aqua vitae, whisky; pL spirits. 

ftqiil-. equi-. 

ilqaimolelailar, a. equimolecular. 

Xqulpartltion, /. equipartition. 

Xqnivalent, n. equivalent. 

Xquivalentgewlchtt n. equivalent weight, com- 
bining weight. 

Aqnivalenz, /. equivalence. 

Arabingnmml, n. gum arabic. 

Arabinaanre, /. arabic add, arabin. 

arabisch, a. Arabic, Arabian. — araMaeliea 
Gummi, gum arabic. 

Arachinaaiire, /. arachic (or arachidic) add. 

Aritometer, n. hydrometer, areometer. 

ar&ometriscii, a. hydrometric, areometric. 

Arbeit, /. work, labor; working; fermentation; 
task; worlmianship. 

arbeiten, v.t. work; ferment. — v4. work, per- 
form, make. 

Arbeiter, m. worker, laborer, workman. 

Arbeitgebef, m. employer. 

Arbeitnehmer, m. workman. 

Arbeits-, working, work, of work or labor. 

arbeitsam, a. industrious, laborious. 

Arbeitsiindenuig, /. change in work. 

Arbeitseinheit, /. unit of work. 

Arbeitseinstellung, /. strike. 

arbeitanUiig, a. capable of work; able-bodied. 

Arbeitsf&higkelti/.capacity for performing work. 

Arbeitsfl&che, /. bearing surface; working sur- 

Arbeitshub, m. working stroke. 

Arbeltskammer, /. laboratory; work room. 

Arbeitsleistung, /. performance of work. 

Arbeitslohn, m. wages, pay. 

arbeitslos, a. & <idv. without work. 

Arbeitsraom, m. laboratory; work room. 

arbeitsscheu, a. averse to work, lazy. 

Arbeitstisch, m. work table. 

Arbeitsvermdgen, n. (Physics) energy. 

Arbeitsverrichtnng, /. performance of work. 

Arbeltsweise, /. method of working; workman- 

Arbitriom, n. arbitrament. 


AraenL ..tal 

Arche, /. ark, diett. 

Archiv, n. record office; . 

Areal, n. area. 

Arekannaa, /. areca nut. 

arg, a. bad; strong, severe. ■- 

Arg, n. harm, misdiief . 

Arger, m. anger; spite. 

lirgerlich, a. angry; vezatioa^ 

Argliat, /. cunning, deodt. 

arglos, a. harmless; unsuapei ,^g. 

Argwohn, n. suspidon. 

arktiscii, a. arctic 

arm, a. poor. 

Arm, m. arm (in various aenaes^ : bri.-'Ci. ': 

bar (of a balance). 
Armband, m. braodet. 
Armbiade, m. sling. 
Armblel, n. refined lead (from which the silver 

has been removed). 
Armee, /. army. 
Xrmel, m. deeve. 
armieren, v.L arm, equip, 
ilrmlich, a. poor. 
armseiig, a. poor, wretched. 
Armnt, /. poverty. 
Arnikablttten, /.pi. arnica flowers, iPharm.) 

Arnikawurzel, /. arnica rhizome, arnica root. 
Arom, n. aroma. 
aromatiseh, a. aromatic. 
aromatideren, o J. aromatize. 
Aron, m. arum. 
Arrak, m. arrack. 
Arrestant, m. prisoner, 
arretieren, v.t, arrest. 
arrodieren, o.i. erode. 

Arrowmehl, n. arrowroot flour, {PharmJ) arrow- 
root, maranta. 
Araen, n. arsenic. 
Arsenblende, /. arsenic blend (gelbe, orpiment; 

rote, realgar). 
Arsenbittte, /. arsenic bloom, arsenite (AssOs) . 
Arsenchlorld, n. arsenic chloride. 
Arsendampf, m. arsenic vapor, arsenical vapor. 
Arseneiaen, n. arsenical iron (Idllingite). 
Arseneisensinter, m. pittidte. 
Arsenfleck, m. arsenic spot or stain. 
arsenfrei, a. free from arsenic, arsenic-free. 
Arsenglas, n. sArsenikglas. 
Arsenhalogen, n. arsenic halide. 
arsenhaltig, a. arsenical, containing arsenic. 
arsenig, a. arsenious. — arsenlge S&nre, arseniou^ 

arsenigsauer, a. of or combined with arsenious 

add, arsenite of. 
Arsenigs&iire, /. arsenious add. 
Arsenik, m. arsenic. — gelber Arsenik, orpiment. 

— roter Arsenik, realgar. — ^weisser Arsenik* 

white arsenic, arsenic triozide. 
Arsenikalfahlerz, n. tennantite. 


Arsenikalien 10 


AwMiilniWan, /.pL anwnicalH, anonical 

pounds or i»reparatioii8. 
iraenlkaliscli, a. arsenical. 
Araenikalkies, m. leucopyrite. 
Anenlkblei, n. lead arsenide. 
Arseidkbliimeii* /.pi., Araenlkblttto, /. « 

Araenlkeisen, n. -"Arseneiaen. 
Arseniktfaa* n. arsenic glass, vitreous arsenic 

triozide; (geibea) orpiment; (rotoa) realgar. 
vsenlkhaltic, a. "arsenhaltig. 
Araenil^odilr, n. <«Arsenjodttr. 
Arsenlkkles, m. arsenical psrrites, arsenopyrite. 
Areenlkkobalt, Arsenlkkobaltldes, m. skut- 

ArseBlknIckel* -niekdldes, m. ^Arsennickd, 

Arseniktfl (itaendee). caustic oSL of arsenic 

Arsenikiprobe, /. arsenic test. 
Arsenlksalz, n. salt of arsenic, arsenate or 

arseniksaner, a. asaraensauer. 
ArsenikiAiire, /• arsenic acid. — anTtrfl- 

kommende Arsenlksilnre, /. arsenious add. 
Araenikattber, n, arsenical silvw. 
Arseoiksinter, m. soorodite. 
Aneniksiiieg^, m. arsenic mirror. 
AreenikTitriol, m. arsenic sulfate. 
ArseiModId, it. arsenic iodide, spedf., arsenic 

Anei^odar, n. arsenic diiodide (Aals). 
Araenklcs, m. aArsenikkies. 
Araenkobalt, m. skutterudite. 
Araenlegfemnc, /. arsenic alloy. 
AreenmetaD, n. metallic arsenide. 
Arsennickel,m. niekd arsenide; (ilf in.) niceolite. 
Arseimickelkies, m. niceolite. 
Araenozyd, n. arsenic ocdde, spedf., arsenic 

Araenrolir, n., -rShre, /. arsenic tube. 
A rueiu bto, m. realgar. 
arseBsauer, a. of or combined with arsenic 

add, arsenate of. 
Anensftiire, /. arsenic add. 
Araemilber, n. arsenical silTer. 
Araen^legel, m. arsenic mirror. 
Araensullld, n. (any) sulfide of arsenic. 
Arsenvctbliidnng, /. arsenic compound. 
Arsenw asc ratott, m. arsenic hydride, ar- 

■eniuretted hydrogen (spedf., andne, AsHs). 
ArdiiigBiliire, /. arsinic add. 
Araiiiflaiire, /. arsonie add. 
Alt, /. kind, sort, spedes, variety; manner; race, 

breed; pU manners; iBioL) spedes. (Used 

as a snffiz to give a generic meaning; as, 

Pedtarten, pitches, t.«., kinds of pitch.) 
Mfsa, 9.{. be of a (certain) kind, be like; 

thrive.— f J. form, modify. — geartet, pM. dis- 

•rterieHtO. arteriaL 

Arterien-, arteriaL 

artifldeU, a. artificial. 

artig, a. good, polite, agreeable. 

-artlg. A suffix attached to nouns and adjec- 
tives to form adjectiveB, and signifying " of 
the kind or nature of, resembling, like"; as, 
aehwefelartig, like sulfur, sulf urous. 

Artlkel, m. a^de; goods, material; entry, 
item; iCaUeo) style. 

Aranel, Arzenel, /. medidne; pL drugs. 

Arznei-, medicinal, medical, medicated. 

Arzneibereiter, m, pharmacist. 

Anmeiberdtiing, /. preparing of medidne, 

Arzndbuch, n. dispensatory, pharmacopda. 

Arzneiessig, m. medicated vinegar. 

Arzneifmm, /. medicinal form. 

Arzneifmnel, /. medical formula. 

Arzneigemeh, m. medidnal smell. 

Arznelgeschmack, m. medicinal taste. 

Arznelgewicht, n. offidnal wdght. 

Arzneihandel, m. drug trade. 

Arzneihttndler, m. druggist. 

Arzneik$rper, m. medidnal substance. 

armelkriiflig, a. medidnal, curative, ther- 

Arzneikraut, n, medidnal plant, medidnal 

Arznellehre, /. pharmacology. 

armeiUch, a. medicinal, medical. 

AnmeimawB, n, oiffidnal measure. 

Arzneimlschiing, /. medidnal mixture. 

Arzneimlttel. n. medidne, remedy. 

Arzne'mittelkonde, /. pharmacology. 

Arznetmltteltrilger, m. {Pharm.) menstruum; 

Arzneipflanze, /. medidnal plant. 

Arznelsdfe, /. medicinal soap. 

Arzneislnip. m. medicated drup. 

Arzneistoff, m. medidnal substance. 

Arzndverordnimg, -versehrelbnng, /. (medical) 

Arzneiware, /. drug. 

Arzneiwarenkande, /. pharmacology. 

Arzneiwesen, n. pharmaceutical affairs. 

Arznelwissenschaft, /. pharmacology; medical 

Arzt, tn. phymdan, doctor. 

Xnsteverein, m. medical sodety. 

i&rztllch, a. medical. 

Asand, Asant, m. — stinkender, asafetida.— ' 
wohlriechender, gum benzoin. 

Aabest, m. asbestos. 

asbestartig, a. asbestdd, asbestiform, axniaii* 

Asbestfaaer, /. asbestoe fiber. 

.Asbestpapier, n. asbestos paper. 

Asbeatpappe, /. asbestos bosrd. 

Asbestschale, /. asbestos dish. 




i* i«'r->" 'rO'*li 

pit, lime pit; 

Asbestselmnr, /. asbestos twine. 

Aebestwolle, /. asbestos wool. 

AachUaUt n. zaffer. 

AachMei, n. native bismuth. 

Aache, /. ash, ashes. 

Xschd, Aschd, m. (Afetol.) sullage. 

aflchen, tX, ash. 

Asehenbad, n. ash bath. 

Asehenliestandtea, m. ash constituent. 

AsehendUnger, m. cinereal manure, dnereal. 

Aschenermlttelnng, /. determination of ash. 

Aschenfall, /. ash-pit; ash-pan. 

aschenfleckig, a^ iM^^^ specked with suUage. 

Aschengehalt, m. ash content. 

Aschenlaage, /. lye from ashes. 

Aschen<rfSen, m. ealdning oven. 

Asehensalz, n. potash. 

Aschentrecker, Aachenzieher, m. tourmaline 

(old name). 
Xacher, m. {XsaXhet) tanner's 

(Soap) ash cistern (also, ashes); 
^ slaked lime; (Ceram.) tin ashes. 
Xscherbriihe, XscherfliiBslckeit, /. (Le^Uher) 
^ Hme liquor. 

Xscherkalk, m. (Leather) lime. 
Jtoehmi, v.L ash; (LecUher) lime. 
Xscherofen, m. (Ceram.) frit kiln. 
AscKranm, m. ash-box, ash-pit. 
Asporaginsanre, /. aspartic acid. 
Aspe, /. aspen (tree). 
Asphaltbeton, m. asphalt (ic) concrete. 
asphalthaitig, a. containing asphalt, asphaltic, 

asphaltleren, v.L asphalt. 
asphaltisch, a. asphaltic. 
Asphaltkitt, m. asphalt cement, asphalt mastic 
A^haltpflaster, n. asphalt pavement. 
aspirieren, o.i. aspire. — v, t, aspirate, 
ass, pret. of essen. 
Asseknranz, /. insurance. 
assekurieren, vA. insure. 
asrimiUeren, v.t. assimilate. 
assocBeren, o.<. associate, 
asfiortieren, vA, assort, sort. 
assouplieren, v.t, render pliable. 
Ast, m. bough, branch; knot (in wood). 
Astronom, m. astronomer, 
astronomisch, a. astronomical. 
Asyl, n. asylum. 

asymmetrisch, a. asymmetric, asymmetrical. 
•at. (in names of salts, etc.) -ate. 
Atem, m. breath, breathing, respiration; spirit. 
Atem-. of breathing, respiratory. 
atembar, a. respirable. 
Atemeinsatz, m. drum (of a German mask). 
At.-Gew., abbrev. (Atomgewicht) atomic weight, 
ilth., abbrev. (fitherisch) ethereal. 
Xthal, n. ethsd (cetyl alcohol). 
Xthan, n. ethane; pi. paraffins, hydrocarbons of 

the ethane series. 

\«Na*a<- -.M.C, •: 


I-: . f'i' ncd \r;dtic acid). 
. ''*• --r n oV-jT names frequently 

/. M< d of fecher; pL ethers. 

/ tiie. . 


ktiK-ti'.'.?!,, I. eihereal. 

Xtbvrh*>i!u'i^,/. ether formation, etheriflcation. 

fttheri' 'ieren, vM etherify. 

Xtheriflzierung, /. etheriflcation. 

Ktiierisch, a, ethereal; essential, volatfle (oils). 

fttherisleren, v,L etherize. 

Xtherprober, m. ether tester. 

Xthersftnre, /. ether add (compound which ia 

both an ether and an add). 
Xtlierschwefeisilnre, /. alkylsulfuric aeid» 

spedf ., ethylsulfuric add. 
Xtherschwingnng, /. vibration of the ether, 

ethereal vibration. 
Xtherwelngeist, m. (Pharm.) spirit of ether 

(solution of ether in alcohol). 
Xthin, n. ethine (acetylene).' 
athmen, v, .=atmai. 
Xthozy-. ethoxy-. 
Xthoxyl, n. ethoxyl. 
Xthyl, n. ethyl. 
Xthylen, n. ethylene. 
Xthylenbindung, /. ethylene linkage, double 

Xthylgmppe, /. ethyl group. 
""^JCthyliden, n. ethylidene. 

Xthylwaaeerstoff, m. dthyl hydride (ethane). 

Adas, m. satin; atlas. 

Atlaserz, n., AUasUes, m, fibrous malachite. 

Adasholz, n. satinwood. 

Attasspat, m. satin spar (fibrous caldum 

Atlasvitriol, m. white vitriol (zinc sulfate). 
Atm., abbrev, (Atmosphire) atmosphere (s) 
atmen, v.i. breathe, respire.— o.<. breathe. 
AtmosphAre, /. &txaoi*^hnr*^. 

Atmosr* ■ er-" 

-r-i'». >heric pressure. 

atmosph&risc v 


Atmnng,/. b.»v " 


Atmungs-. of t'. 


' '* ^kiratory food. 

atomartig, a. « '>t. • 


Atombegriir, i . : *• 

.he atom. 

Atomblndungt >. 


Kraft, atom 

• er, valence. 

Atomgewicht, . .^ 

• - . 

Atomgewicht8l.i>'< •> . 

u '. atomic weighta. 

Atomgruppe, /. .:• 

. r < • ■ i atomic group. 

Atomgmppiem k, /. ^ 

■ ..'. no tping. 

atomhaltig, a. a i >-i>v . 

Atomhypothese. . . 

iV- '■.' -hesis. 

Atomlgkeit» /. a -^i- -:i. . . 

atomlseh, a. ate . .>. 

atomlstisch, a. » t. U \ 

atv . I.- 

Atomizit&t,/. ati . •:.'. 


Atomlehre, /. do> ■ ' i 

fit :■ '.<• tomie theory. 

Atommodell, n. i< n.. 

. ouei 


' AtonvefraktfoB* /. atomic rafrmetioa. 
Atomtlieorie, /. atomic theory. 
AtoBiTerlian^, m,, AtoniTerbiiidiuic* /. union of 

atoms, atomic union. 
AtomTerknttunf • /. lirilring of atoms, atimiic 

AtomTcrseUebiing, /. atomic displaoament. 
Atomwiiiaft* AtomTolnman, n. atomic 

Atomwarme, /. atomic beat. 
AlramentsAcIn, m. inkstone, native copperas. 
Atr^asilnre, /. atropic add. 
itteaideren, vA. attenuate. 
Attest, n. certificate. 
its-, caustic, corrosive; (jCalieo) discharging, 

itzalkali, n. caustic alkali. 
itsamoDioiiiak, n. caustic ammonia (ammonium 
^ hydroxide), ammonia water. 
itaurtikel, m. (Calieo) discharge style. 
ItAar, a. corrodible; (Calieo) dischargeable. 
itdiaryt, m. caustic barjrta (barium hydroxide). 
ItsbeiMliiick, n. discharge printing. 
ItsJwisft, /. chemical discharge, discharge 

itsdmek, n. discharge printing, 
itae, /. corrosion; etching; cauterization; aqua 

fortis; iCalieo) discharge. 
iCiea, vJ. corrode; etch; cauterize; (Calieo) 

diiduuge. — itzend, p,a. caustic, corrosive. 

— itzend machen, render caustic, caustidze. 
Xlxfkrbe, /. dCalico) discharge paste. 
itsflgnr, /. etching figure. 
iti^ft, II. caustic poison. 
Itzkall, n. caustic potash. 
JtrlraHiange, /. caustic potash lye, caustic 

potash solution. 
Itskalk, m. caustic lime (gebraanter, quick- 
lime; geUiechter, sUOi^ lime). 
Xtzkraft* /. caustidtv. . 
imaek, m. dischtilfidlGike. ' 
itaiauge, caustic ly< caustja liquor. 
ihrmittfi, n. corrodve, caustic; (.Calico) chemical 

itsnatrea, n. caustic soda. 
itimitroidaiige, /. caustic soda lye, caustic 

soda sdution. 
itspapp, m. (CaHco) resist. 
itzpoiver, n. caustic powder. 
ItzsUber, n. lunar caustic (silver nitrate). 
UtimHein, m. lapis causticus, (fused) caustic 

itandilfaiiat, a. corrodve sublimate (mercuric 

itaaag, /. eorrodon; etddng; cauterization.' 

n. caustic water, etching liquid. 



ItzwdM, n. iCoUeo) wULte discharge. 
I ts w lrk— g, /. corrodve action; iCalieo) action 
of the flisdiarge. 

a. n. a., abbm, (auch unter andem) also among 

auch, adv. & eonj. also, too; indeed, even. — 
auch aickt, ndther. 

Aue, /. idet; meadow. 

Anerbrenner, m. Wdsbach burner. 

Anerhahn, m. capercaillie, mountain cock. 

Auerttcht, n. Wdsbach light. 

aof, prep, on, upon, in, at; into, to. — adv. ft. 
prefix, up, upward, open. — anf dass, in <Mder 
that.. — anf einmal, at once. 

aafkrbelten, vJ. work up; finish (a task). 

anfatmen, v.i. breathe hard, breathe again. 

aaf&tzen, v.t. corrode or etch upon, etch; 
(Med.) open with caustic. 

Aufbau, m. building up, synthesis; building, 
erection; display. 

aofbanen, vJ. build up, synthesize; erect. 

anfbllnmen, v.t. show (metellic) luster. — v.L 
beam, wind up. 

aofberdteti, v.<. prepare, dress (ores). 

anfbersten, v.t. burst, crack. 

anfbewahren, v.t. keep, store, preeerve. 

Anfbewahmng, /. keeping, storage, preserva- 

anfbieten, v.<. call out, summon; exert; sbuse. 

anfblnden, v.(. tie up, fasten; untie, ioceen. 

aofbUlhen, v.f. & v.t. swdl, swdl up, bulge out. 

aofblasen, v.t. blow up, inflate. 

aufbl&ttern, v.t. (Af in. & Med.) exfoliate. 

Aufblick, m. (Assaytnff) fulguration, blick; look 

anfblicken, v.t. (Aatayi'dg) brighten, give the 
** blick **; look up. 

anfbiitzen, v.i. flash, fladi up. 

anfbltthen, v.t. blossom, unfold; form a flower- 
like mass (before the blowpipe). 

anfbranchen, v.(. use up, consume. 

anibransen, v.t. effervesce; ferment; fly into a 
pasdon, roar, a u fbrauaend, put. efferves- 
cent; fermenting. 

anfbrechen, v.L bneak up, break open.— ^.t*. 
open, break, burst. 

aofbrennen, v.C bum up, consume; refine 
(metals); brand; bum on; treat by burning, 
spedf., sulfur (wine). 

anfbrlngen, v.<. bring up, raise; capture; ex- 

anfdampfen, v.i. evaporate; smoke. 

anfdecken, vA. uncover, dlsdose. 

aufdocken, vA. wind up, roll up; bundle, shock. 

aufdrilngen, v.r. obtrude oneself. 

aofdrehen, vA. screw open, untwist; turn up; 
(Ceram.) throw. 

anfdringen, v.t. pren upon, obtrude upon. 

Aufdringliclikeit, /. obtrudvenees, importunity. 

Anfdrack, m. printing. 

aafdmcken, v.<. impress, imprint, scamp. 

aafdunsten, v.i. evaporate. 

aufdilnsten, vA, evi^Mrate. 


aiifeiiiander, adv. one upon (or after) another. 

Aufelnandeifolge, /. micceoBion, series. 

anfelnanderfolgend, p.<i. eonaeeutive. 

Aufenthalt, m. stay, stop; abode, residence. 

aoffahren, «.t. rise up, drive up, fly up, start 

auffallen, v.i. astonish, startle. — aoffallend, 
pM. atriking, remarkable. 

aunUIig, a. aauffallend. 

aoffalten, v.L unfold, open; fold up, fold. 

Auffange-. collecting. 

Auffangegefllfls, n. collecting vessel, receiver. 

auflkiigen, v.t. collect; intercept; catch. 

anflHrben, v.L dye anew, redye. 

Aoffllrber, m. job dyer. 

auffaaem, vA. separate into fibers, unravel. 

auffassen, vM conceive, perodve, comprehend; 
catch up. 

Auffaasang, /. conception; perception; compre- 

anfBnden, v.t. detect, discover, find, find out. 

anjilackem, v.i. flare up. 

anfflammen; v.i. flame up, blaze, deflagrate. 

anffliegen, v.i. blow up, explode; fly up, rise. 

auflUesaen, v.i. flow on, run on. 

aaffordern, v.t. summon; challenge. 

auffressen, vJL. corrode; eat up. 

anfTrischen, v.t. freshen (up), revive, renew; 
iBrewing) change (steep water), refresh 

anfftthren, v.t. erect, raise; p^orm; charge (in 
an account), enter, note. 

auffUIien, v.t. fill up. 

Anfgabe, /. task, problem; giving up; delivery; 

Aofgang, m. rising, going up, ascent; dis- 

aufgiiren, v.i. effervesce. 

anfgeben, vU. give up, give, deliver; charge (a 
furnace, or the like); propose. 

aufgeblilht, p.p. of aufblfthen. 

Aofgebot, n. summons; levy; bans. 

aufgebracht, p.p. of ai^ringen. 

aofgedansen, p.a. swollen. 

aufgehen, v.i. go up, )ise, swell; appear; open, 
come open; unfold; be spent or consumed; be 
merged; (of dyes) go on, be absorbed; (of 
plants) come up, shoot; (Arith.) leave no 

Aufgeld, n. premium. 

anfgelegt, p.a. see auflegen. 

aufgeschllffen, p.p. of aufschleifen. 

anfgeschlosaen, p.p. of aufschliessen. 

aufgesogen, p.p. of aufsaugen. 

aufgeweckt, p.a. lively, clever. 

aofgiessen, v4, infuse; pour upon. 

Anfgnss, m. infusion. 

Aufgussapparat, m. sparger. 

AofgnsageQlss, n. infusion vessd, digester. 

AufgoBstterchen, n.pi. Infusoria. 

^2 Aufidsiuigssre' 

nfiC^l^rfahreiit n. Infr ' 




aofliackeB, vJ, cut up, sf ■ - 
aofhalten, 9.1. hold up, a 

obstruct. — p.r. stop, ShU- , 
aufhilngen, v.(. hang up, hu.;:. >" : , ^ * 
AofUinger, m. hanger, rack. 
aofheben, v.L lift up, raise; lay ^ . preserve; 

break up, abolish; annul; seize; (of colors) 

compensate, be complementary to; reduce (a 

fraction) to lowest terms. 
anfheitem, vA. & r. dear up, brighten up. 
anfh^en, vJ. & r. dear up, darify, brighten, 

make lighter (in color). 
aofhttren, v.i. stop, cease, end; desist, 
aofklappen* v.t, open (something leaved, as a 

aofkUren, vA. dear up; explain; enlighten. — 

v.r. dear up, dear. 
aufkochen, vA. & t. boil up, boil; boil again, 
aofkommen, v.t. advance; come into use; come 

up, get up. 
anfkratzen, v.t. scrat4:h up, scratch; rake, stir 

(a fire) ; dress, nap' (fabrics) ; card (wool). 
aufkransen, v.i, {Breunng) form a head, esp. 

curly head, 
aufkiihien, v.t. (Brevnng) aerate, 
aufkiindigen, vA. give notice or warning of; 

Auflage, /. edition, impression (of a book); 

duty, tax; (Meek.) rest, support. 
Auflauf, m. swdling; puff; mob, crowd, 
anflanfen, v.i. nm up, come up, rise, swell. — 

v.t. feed, supply (to a furnace, etc.); beam, 

wind up. 
aufleben, v.t. revive. 
auflegen, vA. lay on or up; impose; print, 

publish. — anfgelegt, p.a. disposed, inclined. 
auflehnen, v.r. lean (upon); rebel (against). 
anflesen, v.t. pick up, gather. \ 
anfleuehten, v.t. light up, shine, 
anflockern, v.^ loosen up, loosen; relax. 
anfldsbar, a. soluble. 
Aoflttsbarkeit, /. solubility. 
auflosen, v.i. dissolve; loosen, untie, undo; re- 
solve, decompose, dissipate; solve. — v.r. dis- 
solve; deUquesoe. — auflasend, put. solvent, 

Auflttser, m. dissolver, etc. 

(Papar, etc.) mixer. 
aofldsUch, a. soluble. 
AuflteUchkeit, /. solubility. 
Anflttsung, /. solution; unli> 

resolution, decomposition, i 

sis (as opposed to syntheeit • 

lo¥mess, friability. 
auflttsnngsf&hig, a. capable of i 
Aafltenngsgef&ss, n. dissolving 
AnflttsnngBgrenze, /. (Micros.) 







' Aafltamicamlttel, n. acdvent. 
Aofldsmicspfaiiiie, /. (5i 

AuflftwiiigwYf^Mgen, a, mAvatt power; (of a 

microseope^TCBOlving power. 
AnfldeancswSrme, /. heat of solutaon. 
aafldten, v.t. solder on; unsolder. 
aofmaclien, vJ. open, undo; put up; make up. 

— v.r. prepare; get up, rise. 
Aofmaischen, n. second mashing. 
aiifmerloMun, o. attentive, observing. 
Anfmerksamkelt, /. attention, attentiveness. 
ufmischen, v.L mix up. 
Aofnahiiie, /. taking up; absorbing;- dissolving; 

admission; reoeption; fashion; survey, sketch; 

taking (of photographs); (photographic) pic- 
ture, photograph. 
aufnalunefllliig, a. absorbable; absorptive. 
Aofnaiimekcriben, m. absorption flask. 
ufnelunen, v.t. take up; absorb; dissolve; 

admit, receive; draw, survey; take (a photo- 
graph); borrow. 
•ufnttUCMi* vJ. force upon. - 
tufpassen, v.L fit on. — v.t. be watching. 
aofpatxen, 9 J. trim up, dean up, decorate. 
snfqnelleB* v.i. swell, swdl up; well up. — v.L 

cause to swell, swell. 
anfiraffeii, vJ, rake up, collect. 
ufrftomen, v.L dear up, dear away, clear, 

open. — anfger&umt, p.a. in good spirits. 
nifrecht, a. & adv. upright, erect. 
Anfrechthaltung, /. maintenance. 
tsfregen, vJ. ezdte, stimulate, irritate; i^tate, 

rouse, alarm. — anfir^end, p.o. irritant, 

stimulant; alarming. 
AafregoBgamittd, n. irritant; stimulant. 
lofiichten, «J. set up, raise, erect; comfort. 
aafrichtig, a. sincere, genuine. 
AofHss, m. devation; dcetch, design. 
urfitrileii* vM roU up; unroll. 
•ofHicken, vJ. & t. move up. advance. 
Aofmf, m. call, summons. 
aafrtthreii, vJ. stir, stir up. 
Aofrfllirer, m. stirrer; agitator, rebel. 
•afaagen, «.<. redte; revoke; give warning. 
idB, t;.(. collect; gather. 
;, a. refractory, hostile. 
AafiBats, m. something set on; attachment; head, 

headpieee; neck; top; dome; set (of china); 

essay, treatise, paper; {Dyeing) topping; 

(Calieo) oov^ print. 
Aofaatafarbe^/. (Dyeing) topping color. 
safBaiiccB, 9 J, sudt up, absorb. — aiifaaagend» 

pji. absorbent. 
Aafaancer, m. absorber. 
Aafaaotfoiif , /. absorption; suction. 
«.t. foam up, froth. 
9.^ pile, arrange in layws, 

Aafarhiffhhing, /. stratificatioiu 


anffldileben, 9 A. put off; push open. 
Aufschlag, m. impact; increase (in price or tax); 

cuff, facing; warp; bound (of a ball). 
AofschliMEebach, n. reference book, 
aufschiagen, oJ. strike up or open; open, un- 
fold; unhung (casks); handle (hides); setup, 

erect; raise. — v.r. q>ring up; strike; rise (in 

anfschl&mmen, v.t. suspend, make into a paste, 

reduce to slime. 
anfschielfen, v.t. grind on; engrave on. 
aufschlemmen, v. ^aufschlSmmen. 
anfschliessbar, a. capable of bdng decomposed, 
anfschllessen, v.<. decompose, convert into 

non-refractory form (as silicates by fusion 

with alkali carbonates); hydrolyze (starch); 

unlock, open; disclose, explain. 
Anfschilessnng, /., Anfschluss, m. decompod- 

tion, etc. (see aufschliessen). 
aufschmelzen, v.<. mdt on, tuse on; mdt open 

or apart, 
aufschneiden, v.<. cut open, dissect.— «.t. brag. 
Anfsclinitt, m. cutting open; cut, inddon; 

sliced meat. 
anfschrauben, v.i. unscrew; screw on, screw up. 
aufschrecken, v.t. startle. 
Aufschrel, m. scream, shriek. 
aufschreiben, vA, write down, record. 
Anfschrift, /. labd, inscription; address. 
Anfschub, m. putting off, dday. 
anfschiitten, v.t. put on; lay up, store up. 
anfschweissen, v.t. weld on or together. . 
aofschwellen, v.t. swell up, tumefy. 
aofschwemmen, v.t. depodt (sQt, etc.); float or 

wadi upon; bloat. 
Anfsehen, n. looking up; sensation. 
Anfsehn-, m. overseer, inspector, superin- 
aafBetzlMur, a. capable of being put on (set up, 

or drawn up), attachable. 
anfsetzen, 9 A. set up, put up, erect; put on; 

draw up (writings): (Dyeing) top; {Calico). 

cover-print. — v.t. dt up; moimt. 
Anfsicht, /. inspection; superintoidence, super- 

vidon, control. 
aufideden, vJ. boil again; boil out. — v.t. boil up. 
Aufdeden, n. boiling up, ebullition. 
aufspalten, v.t. split (up), deave. — v.t. split, 

Anfspaltung, /. splitting up, deavage (of 

aufspannen, «J. stretch, spread; unfold, spread 

aufspeichem, vJ. lay up, store. 
anfsperren, v.(. open wide. 
anliEvrengen, v.<. blow up, blast; force open. 
anfaprlngen, v.i. crack, split; spring up, 
anfapritzen, 9.L & t. squirt up. 
aufspnideln, v.t. boil up, bubble up, 
aafivonden, aufapUnden, v.(. unhung. 



Anfstand, m. revolt, insurrectioii. 
anlMapelii, v.L pile» stack, store. 
anfstechen, 9.t, pick or pierce open, lance; stir up. 
anfatehen, t.t. stand up, rise; stand open, 
aofstrigen, v.i, rise, ascend; swell; boO; spit. 
avfsMlen, t .(. set up, erect; advance, adduce. 
aufstftbem, v4. ferret out, discover. 
anfstoflsen, v.i. ferment anew; become acid 

(wine); chance (upon). — v.t. push up, push 

anfstreleiieB, o.(. spread on, brush on; stain 

aofstreuen, v.(. sprinkle, strew. 
Aofstrich, m. spreading or brushing on, coat, 

stain; up stroke; auction. 
anfsndien, v.t. seek out, search for. 
anflanchen, v.t. emerge, spring up. 
auflanen, v.t. & i. melt, thaw. 
Auflrag, m. putting on, coating, coat (of color); 

order; commission, charge. 
auflrageii, v.L lay on, apply; charge (a furnace) ; 

order; serve up; {Geom.) protract. 
asflreffenr«.». strike (agiUnst). 
aulltrelben, v.t. sublime; blow, blow up (glass); 

drive up; beat out; procure. 
anflremien, v.t, sever, rip up, rip open, 
aoftreten, v.t. enter, appear, come forth; step; 

Anflretea, n. entrance, appearance; behavior. 
Aoftrleb, m. buoyancy. 

Anllrltt, m. entrance, appearance; step; scene. 
aiiftrocknen,9.t.dry up, dry. — v.t. dry up, dry on. 
aaftim, vJ. open, disclose. — p.r . become visible. 
anfWallen, v.t. bubble up, bubble, boil up, boil. 
Aufvrallnng, /. bubbling, ebullition, eflferves- 

Aofwand, m. expenditure; expense; display. 
anfwMrmen, vU. warm up, warm (again). 
avfwarten, v.(. wait on, pay respects to. 
Anfw&rter, m. waiter, attendant, 
aofwllrts, adv. upward, 
aufwasehen, v.<. wash, cleanse, scour. 
aufweichen, vM moisten, wet, soak; softm; 

temper (colon). — v.t. soak; soften. — anf- 

weichend, p.a. emollient. 
aafwelsen, v.L show, produce, 
anfwenden, vA. employ, devote, spend, 
anfwerfen, vX throw up, turn up; d^; (a ditch); 

fling open. 
avfwiekein, vjL wind up, wrap up; unwind, un- 
aufwlegen, vJ. counterbalance; outweigh. 
aufktthlen, vjt. count up, count; pay down. 
aufzehren, vA. absorb; eat up, consume. 
Aoftehmi^, /. absorption; consumption. 
aofiieheB, v.t. draw up, raise up; wind up; open; 

loosen; raise, cultivate; rouse, agitate (yeast); 

educate; mount. — v.t. appear; (of dyes) go on, 

be absorbed. 
Aufkielikrttcke, /. (Bretvin^) rousar. 

vjitor V* ' " Hoist; drawing up; 
'ac' jf i* . ■ * V 
Augapfiri, m. .' '?h. the eye. 

Auge, n. ey«; . ^bread, etc.); 

luster (on tko-- ' ■ ■ :. .^^ye. 

Angenachat, m > w -> , 
Angenblick, m. v r . • - • i^t-' x 
angenMickUch, •^.■.. . nu: momentary, 

AngenbraUe, /. e^ t^b - -w. 
Angenfdd, n. field >: ■ -^'on. 
Aagenflilaslgkeit,/. '.'i'^ -Af^K. .'u «~3us humor; 

(wasserartlge) ai - - l-v^-. . 
AngephttUe, /. eye-t .. -oi 

AngenhttUen-. orbit^a. 
Angenkammerwaaoor. > . a ■> - ^ inor. 
Augenlicht, n. eyesigh:. 
Aagenlid, n. eyelid. 

Augenlinse, /. crystalline lens; eye lens, eye- 
Attgenmarmor, m. eye-spotted marble. 
Angenmerk, n. object in view, aim. 
Angenpinsel, m. eye brush (a small, soft, 

camel's-hair brush). 
Angenpankt, m. point of sight, visual point. 
Aagenring, m. iris. 

Augenschein, m. appearance; inspection, 
angenscheinlicii, a. apparent, evident. 
Angenschwarz, n. retinal piigment. 
Augenatdn, m. white vitriol, zinc sulfate; a 

variety of chalcedony; lacrimal calculus. 
Angenstem, m. pupil (of the eye). 
Augentftnschimg, /. optical illusion. 
Angentrost, m. eyebright {Eupkraaia officinalis) 
Angenwimper, /. eyelash. 
Augenwurael, /. danddion; wood anemone; 

mountain parsley, 
angltartlg, augltisch, a. augitic. 
Aori-. auric, auri<. 
Anrichlorid, n. auric chloride. 
Aurlpigment, n. orpiment. 
Aoriverbindong, /. auric compound. 
Anro-. aureus, auro-. 
Anrochlorid, n. aureus chloride. 
AurochiorwaafleretoflMlare, /. cUoraurous add, 

Aurokaiinir' anid, n. potassium auroeyanide. 
Anrove'* v«iig» /. aurous compound. 
auR, ir^P' • ■'' 'f* from, away tram. — adv. & 

••f- -. for.h; over, done; in frcmt. 
&::Mifociten, : N.ork out, prepare, finirii off, 

:' sH, ;,.rfert, cldborate. 
ai7*« ." •>, v.. de ~^i-ate. 
aufeu ^.'r■ . -cii; with ether. 
ansa: V,. . «• t •-•••->..• ..ut, exhale. 
Au«atn:.".s'*.:>..-. >vb ' d air. 
anai&tBcn -. <*^- .s destroy by cauatieB; 

diseha :ce • ". • 
aaabanch^ - v.; . ..;••'.<> *dl, hollow oat. 
aosbediiigi't :.. •.:,<u.s:^' ' .--n-v»<- 







aasbltteii, 9.f. 

9M mend, repair. 

nabeoleii* 9 J. swell out, round out. 

Aubeute,/. yield; erop; output; sain, profit. 

aubeutow |Jrm^^ <J&6 best of, turn to ac- 
count; exploit; (A^rtc.) cultivate; {Mining) 
work, win. 

aasMegen. vX & t. turn cn^ bend out. 

ansbilden, vJ. & {. form; devdop, improve, 
perfect. ^^ 

AasbUdmic* /. fon^Bm, etc (see ausbilden). 
requenniisist upon, invite, 
r, m. ezhaoat steam. 

Aosblasefaabn. nu blow-off cock; drain cock. 

■nsblaaen, vS, blow out; blow off, stop jCa blast 
furnace), exhaust (steam).— aniE^eblasen, 
pM. blown out, etc.; exhaust (steam). 

aoaUeicliMi, pJ. bleach out. — «.t. fade. 

Aoafai c ilc hnng , /. fading; bleaching out, bleach- 

aasUeieii, 9 J. line with lead. 

aaahHthen, «.{. effloresce; cease Uooming. 

AasUiUuuig, /. efflorescence. 
9S, bore out, drill. 
9J, break out, take out; quarry 
Ortone); work (a lode); cut off, prune; vomit. 
— v.i. brMik out, break off; occur. 

sasbreiteii* v.t. & r. spread out, spread, extend; 
diffuse; floor (grain, etc). 

sasbremien, v.<. bum out; cleanse by burning; 
bake (bricks); {Med,) cauterize. — v,i. bum 

sosbriiigeii, 9jL yield, produce; bring out, take 

ABsbradi* m. wine of the first press; outburst,, 
outbreak, explosion, eruption. 

assbrOlwii, vX scald, parboQ. 

anadampfen, «.t. evaporate; cease steaming. 

9 J, Steam, dean with steam; 
i, smoke out. 
r, /. endurance, continuance, pers eve r - 

aXdeanae, wash. 
aiwderhahar, a. expansible; extensible, ductile. 
Anadelmbarkelt, /. expansibility; extensibility. 
ansdehneii* v.<., r. & i. expand; stretch, extend, 
distend, dilate; spread (g(dd). 
I, a. — ausdehnbar. 

,/. •-Ausdehnbarkeit. 
U /. expansion; spread, extent; ex- 
,daatation, distention; {Maih.) dimen- 

n, eqiansibility; 

tenaibility; dilatability. 
aaadenken, 9A. think out, devise, conceive. 
awdewtea, • J. interpret. 
Aasdnidi, at. eapresiiion. 
wmmdrmdum, 9J, finish printing; print in 

uae up in printing. 
■— diMcken, fX CTprass; press out, sqoeeae out. 
aoadrttcldl^, a. ezpreas, exi^icit; intentional. 


amdmckakM, a. expressionless. 

anadttnnen, 9 J. thin out, thin. 

Aosdnnst, m. evaporation, exhalation. 

ausdttnaten, auadnnaCen, «.t. evaporate; trans- 
pire; perspire. — v.L exhale. 

Attsdiinstnng, /. evaporation; exhalation; tran* 
spiration; perspiration. 

Aosdanstniigameaaer, m. atmometer. 

anselnander, ad9, apart, asunder, separately. 

ausdnanderfahren* v.t. diverge, go apart; 
break up. 

aoseinanderfalten, v.<. unfold, open out. 

aaaeinandergehen, v.t. fall apart, break up; 

ansdnanderrdssen* 9.i. tear apart, disrupt. 

8nseinaader8etaen,.9J. explain, set forth; put 
or set apart. 

anserkoren, p.a. chosen, selected. 

anaerleeen, pM. select; exquisite. 

ansersehen, 9.t. mark out, chooae. 

auafahren, 9.i. drive out; go out; break o^. 
— v.t. export. 

AosfaU, m. precipitation, precipitate; falling 
out or off; deficiency, deficit; result; sortie, 

anafalien, «.t. prediutate, deposit; fall or come 
out; result; be omitted. 

aoafHllen, 94. precipitate. 

AuafUiung, /. precipitation. 

AnsfaUwinkel, m^^angle of reflection. 

aaafibrben, 9 A, fiidsh dyeing, dye (completely); 
. extract the color from. 

AuaflkrbvorrlchCang, /. color extractor. 

auafertigeB, 9A» make out, draw up, make 
ready, despatch. 

aosfetten, 9.i. deprive of fat or grease, scour 

ansfeaem, 9.t. bum out (casks) ; warm (a room). 

anaftndig machen. find out. 

anaflelselien, vJ. fieah (hides). 

anafl lesse n, v.t. flow or issue out; disdutfge; 

auaflocken, t .t. separate in flakes or flocks 

Aosflncht, /. evasion; subterfuge. 

Ausflug, m. flight; excursion. 

Ausflnss, m. outflow, efflux; effluent; discharge; 
emanation; secretion; outlet, mouth. 

Anaflasarttlire, /. outflow tube or pipe, discharge 

ansfolgeii, t J. deliver up. 

aaoformen, vX shape out, perfect; f<Hrm; 
develop, improve. 

aoiBferschen, 9 J. search out, investigate. 

anafragen, 9,t. question, examine. 

aosfriaen, 9.1. countersink; bead (a border). 

anafirleren, vX freexe out; concentrate by freez- 
ing; freeae thoroly.— nr.t. freexe up; deterio- 
rate thru freeaing; cease freezing. 

AoafUir, /. export, exportation. 

anafli]irbar» a. practicable, feasible; exportable. 


ansfttlireii, vA. carry out, perform; erect;, dean* 
purge; export; lead out. 

ansflihrUcli, a. full, oomplete, detailed. 

Aoaf tthmng, /. carrying out, performance, ex- 
ecution; erection; excretion; model, pattern. 

Angfiihningmnittrf, n. purgative. 

ansftillen, v.t, fill, fill up, fill out; empty. 

Anefiillmaase, AaafttUangsmasee, /. filling (for 

ansftattern, v,t. line. 

anefiitteni, v,t. line; feed, fatten. 

Ansfttttenuig, /. lining. 

Ansgabe, /. expense, expenditure; edition; 
issue; distribution. 

aus^hren, v.i. =ausgftren. 

Aosgang, m. starting out, going out, departure; 
outlet, egress; ending, end; result; exportation. 

Ausgangs-. starting, mitial; outlet; export. 

AuagangBmaterial, n. initial material, starting 
material, raw material. 

AuBgang&vrodnkt, n. starting product, raw 

Ausgangspunkt, m. starting point. 

Aasgangsrdhre, /. outlet pipe, waste pipe, 
eduction pipe. 

Ausgangsstoff, m, initial substance or material, 
' starting material, parent material. 

ausgftren, vd, ferment sufficiently; cease fer- 
menting; rise (from fermentation). — v.t. 
throw off (by fermentation); weld (steel). 

anageben, vj. yield, produce; give out; spend; 
edit; publish; issue. — v.i, (of slaking lime) swell. 

ausgeblasen, p.a. (see ausblasen). 

aaegehen, v.i. go out; proceed, emanate; come 
off or out, fade; fail; (Baking) ferment; 
{Mining) crop out. — ansgehend, p.a, out- 
going; export. 

ausgekoeht, p.a. see auskochen. 

ausgelasaen, p.a. see auslassen. 

aasgemacht, p.a, see ausmachen. 

ansgenommen, prep, except. 

ausgeprftgt, p.a. marked, decided. 

ausgerben, vJ. tan fully; weld (steel). 

aaiEVesprochen, p.a. see aussprechen. 

ausgesncht, p.a. see aussuchen. 

ausgewachsen, p.a, see auswachsen. 

ausgewogen, p.p. of ausw&gen. 

ausgeaeichnet, p.a. see auszdchnen. 

ausgezogen, p.p. of ausziehen. 

ausgiebig, a. productive, fertile, abundant. 

Ansgiebigkeit, /. productiveness, fertility, 
abundance; (of a dye) yield, strength. 

auBgiesaen, v.t. pour out) run out; fiill up by 
pouring; put out (fire). 

Aua^esanng, /. effusion; pouring out, etc. (see 

Aoagleieh, m. ^Ausgleichung. 

anagleichen, v.t. .equalize, adjust; compensate; 
balance; level; settle.— aust^eiehende Farbe, 
compensation or complementary color. 




-• ; 


auf • 

• \ 

• ' * 

>:ip. g^de out. 



* # 

:\o\/ (thoroly), i|pite; anneal. 

• • 

*■- •, 

»^ ing. 


1 Ol 

• . 

i>^ jaler; (Minting) blaneher. 

a • 

" ••. 


• i; fnit, dig, excavate, exhume; 

% '* 

.. ' 

spou^fljl^et, drain. 




•'*. eliva]^^^Ban. 

* t.S-^». 

- " • '.* 

..! O 

. f. mo|^^^^Hbts). 

■ 'I '.» 

•. .'! 

. '. 

■ dn^iPRe or pipe, waste 


/-f ,' J? 

• ;' 

* I* • 

, n. waste water. 


endure, stand; (Mining) 




. V 

.i, hold out, last. 

aush&ndlgen, v.t. hand over. 

Aushang, m, placard, poster 

Ansh&ngebogen, m. proof sheet. 

Aoah&ngeacluld, n. sign-board, sign. 

aasharren, v.t. persevere. 

ausharzen, v.t. exude resinous matter; (Leather) 

ausheben, vd, draw out, lift out, select; levy; 

anshecken, vJ. hatch. 

aushdhlen, v.t, hollow out, excavate. 

anahiilseQ, v.t, husk; shell, peel. 

auskebnen, v.i. germinate; cease germinating. 

ausldtten, v.t, fill with cement, cement. 

auskleiden, v.t. line (as an oven) ; undress. 

auskochen, v.t. boil out, boil, decoct; extract 
by boiling; clean by boiling, scour, buck. 
— ausgekoeht, p.a. extracted, etc.; spent 
(hops). — aoskodiender Sprengschnss, blown* 
out shot. \ 

Auskocher, m. boiler; bucking keir. . 

auskommen, v.t. come out, get out; manage, 
get on. 

auskdmen, v4, free from grains; thresh (grain) ; 
gin (cotton). 

auskratzen, v4. scratch out, scrape out, rake out. 

anskristallisieren, v.t. & i, crystallize out, 

anskrttcken, v.t. rake out. 

auskrystallisieren. ^auskristallisieren. 

auskllhlen, v.t. cool thoroly. 

Auskunft, /. information; resource. 

Auskunflsmittel, n. expedient, resort. 

auslachen, v.t, laugh at, deride. 

Auslage, /. outlay, expense; display; aho-w 

Aualand, n. foreign country. — im Analand, ina 
Ansland, abroad. 

ausiftttdlsch, a. foreign; exotic. 

anslaasen, v.t, let out, emit, discharge; exhaust 
(steam); melt, render; . leave out. — v.r. ex- 
press oneself. — auagelaasen, put. let out, etc.; 
extravagant, wanton. 

Analaaartfhre, /. outlet tube or pipe, diaeharge 





F Andassreiitil, n. escape valve, delivery valve. 
Aiulaiif, m. outlet, moutli; ranning out; leak- 
' soflbafen, v.i. run out, discharge; leak out, 
leak; blot; (of colors) run, bleed; project; 
put to sea. 
Aadaiifi^tze, /. discharge tip (as of a buret). 
anabn^een, v4, leach out, leach, lixiviate, ex- 
tract; wash out, wash; steep or wash in lye, 
buck. « 

aasleaen, vM eaaopty out, empty, evacuate, 

anslegeii, vM lay out; exhibit; inlay, veneer; 

Aoslese, /. selection; choice wine. 
auslesen, v.U pick out, select, sort; read thru. 
Aualiefamng, /. delivery, giving up. 
aosUtochen, vJ. extinguish; blot out. 
anslteeny vX dissolve out; release; liberate; 

Ansidsiing, /. dissolving out, etc (see au»- 

Ideen); release (of a balance). 
aosliifteii* v.t. ventilate, air. 
anamachen, vJ. take out, put out; shell; gut; 
end, settle; find out; matter, amount to; 
constitute. — ansmachend. . pxu constituent, 
essential. — ansgemacht, p.a. certain; thoro. 
ansmalen, v^. paint, color; describe. 
aasmerg^n, v.t. exhaust. 
nsmessea, vU. measure out, gi^^ 
aoamittelii, vA. ascertain. 
Aosmiindiuig, /. orifice, outlet. 
Aosnahme, /. exception. 

aiisnalimelos, aosnahmalos, a. without ex- 
ansnahmgweiae, adv. exceptionally. 
ansnehmen, vA. take out, draw; except, exclude; 
choose. — p.r. look, appear. — ausnehmend, 
p,a. exceptional, uncommon, exceeding. 
aoanehmend, adv. exceedin^y. 
; auanatzen, vA» use up, exhaust, work out; util- 
ise, make the most- of, turn to profit. 
Ansnotziuig, /. using up, etc. (see ausnutzen) ; 

ansoleii, vA. oil. 
aosirfchen, vA. pitch. 

anspinsdn, vA. paint or apply with a brush. 
aoflpressen, vA. press out, press, express. 
auaproben, ausprobieren, vA. try, try out, test 

Anspiilf, m. {Modi.) exhaust, escape. 
I AnspalKhab, m. exhaust stroke. 
AospulTTentil* n. exnaust valve. 
anapnnipcn, tfA^ pump out, exhaust. 
auvutzen, vA. dean out, dean, polish; dress 

ausqaetadieii* vA, squeeze out, crush out, wring 

aasradieren, vA. erase. 
anarftachem, vA. fumigate; smoke, smoke out. 

avflriliimen, vA. dear out, clean out, mnove. 

aoarechnen, vA. calculate, compute. 

Auarede, /. evasion, excuse; utterance. 

aoareden, vA. utter; dissuade. — v.t. finish speak- 
ing. — v.r. excuse oneself. 

ansrelben, vA. rub out, scrape, scour, cleanse. 

ausreichen, v.t. suffice. — vA. seize. 

ausrelnigen, vA. dean out, dean thondy, purge. 

ausreiflsen, vA. pull out, tear out. — v.t. run 

aasreiJcen, vA. sprain; dislocate. 

ansrichten, v.L straighten; give; perform, do; 
(Mining) discover, explore. 

ansringen, vA. wring out, squeeze out. 

ausrotten, vA. root up, exterminate. 

aoarlicken, vA» disengage, ungear.-— v.u march 

Ausrttcker, m. disengaging gear. 

ansmfen, vA, & t. cry out, caU out. 

Aosruftang, /. crying out, exdamation;' pro- 

ansrfisten, fit out, eqtiip, supply; finish (doth). 

Ansriistung, /. equipment, outfit. 

anssagen, vA. express, assert, affinn, state. 

aussalgem, vA. Bausseigem. 

anssalzbar, a. capable of being salted out. 

ausaalzen, vA. salt out, separate by addition of 
salt; (Soap) grain. 

Anssatz, m. display (of wares) ; leprosy; scurf. 

auss&uem, vA. deprive of add, deaddify. 

aussaogen, vA. suck out, suck dry, drain, ex- 

ausschalten, vA. cut out, switch out, take out. 

Ansschalter, m. (Elee,) cut-out, circuit breaker. 

Ausschank, m. retailing (of liquor); public 

aossch&rfen, vA, neutralize, deaden, dull 

aosscheiden, vA. separate; -set free, liberate, 
elizninate, predpitate, extract; secrete, ex- 
crete; sort. 

Autocheidung, /. separation, etc (see aus- 

Ausscheidungsmittel, n. separating agent; pre- 

ansschenken, vJ. pour out; sell Giquors) by 

ausschiessen^ v.L cast out, reject; discharge; 
shoot out. — v.t. shoot up. 

ausschirren, vA. ungear; unharness. 

aosschlacken, vA. dear of dross. 

Ansschlag, m, throwing out, removal; throw 
(of the pointer of a balance or a galva- 
nometer); exudation, scum, efflorescence; 
sprout, shoot; breaking out, eruption; linii^, 
trimming; turning of the scale, result; 
(Brewing) run of wort from the kettle. 

Aosschlagbtttte, /. (Brewing) underback. 

Ausschlageisen, n. pimch; piercer; tool for 
pounding ore. 


•wiwrhlafen, vJ. knock, throw, or pandi out, 
remove; c xp re— (oUb, etc.); turn out (wort) 
from the kettle; flatten, planiah; line, cover; 
stretch; refuse. — p.t*. break out; efflo res c e ; 
(of a balance beam) turn; bud; strike out; 
turn out, prove; {Leather) spew. 

awBurhiaggebend, a. decisive. 

Anaachlagwiirxe, /. finished wort. 

aniwrhlammen, v.l. wash out, cleanse (from 

aosschleifen, vA, grind, whet; (Soap) grain. 

aosscfaletidem, vA. expA by centriifugal force, 
centrifuge, spin out; hydro-esEtract (yams, 

ansschlleesen, vA, shut out, exdude; except. 

ansschlieasttcli, a. exclusive; exceptional. 

Ansschlnss, m. exclusion; exception. 

anaschmelzen, vA. melt out, render; (of metals) 
liquate; melt, fuse; purify by melting. — v.i. 
melt out; cease melting. 

ausschmieren, vA. smear; copy, plagiarize. 

aussehneiden, vA. cut out, excise; prune; retail. 

Ausschnitt, m. cutting out, cut; notch; sector; 

ausechdpfen, pA. scoop out, ladle out; drain. 

ausschreiben, vA, write out, write in full; copy; 
summon; appoint, impose. 

Aussehreltung, /. excess. 

Ausschttss, tn. refuse, waste; culls; select; com- 

ausschttttein, vA, shake out, shake, agitate. 

ans8ehwefeln,t;.(t fumigate with sulfur. 

aosschweifend, p.a. excessive; dissolute. 

auaschweissen, vA. weld out, deanse (iron) by 
welding; bleed. 

ansschwemmen, vA, wash out, flush; rinse. • 

ausschwenken, «.<. whirl, centrifuge, hydro- 

AuBschwenkmaschine, /. centrifugal, hydro-ex- 

ausschwirren, vA. whiz, hydro-extract. 

auooch witacB, vA. & i. exude; sweat. 

aussehen, v.i. look, appear; look out. 

Aasseheii, n. appearance. 

a ns fl c lgern, vA. liquate, separate by liquation. 

A ns oe l gemng, /. liquation, eliquation. 

auaaen, odr. out, outside, outward; abroad. 

aosaenden, vA. emit, send out. 

Aussenfliidie, /. outer surface. 

Aosaenleltwig, /. {Brewing & EUe^ outer dr- 

Anssenweit, /. external world. 

ansscr, prep, out of; except; beside. — conj, ex- 
cept, unless. 

a. outer, outward, exterior, external. 
rden* adv. besides, moreover. 

Xusaere, n. ^rt»rior, outside; external appear- 

aoflsergewftliBlldi, a. extraordinary, imusual. 

ansnerhalb, ode. & prep, outside, beyond. 



anaMm, eX. utter, express, manifest. 
aiiHSfirordentiich, a. extraordinary, unusual. 

— adv. exceedingly, unusually. 
jjuoocirst, a. utmost, extreme; outmost. — ai». 

extremdy, utterly. 
Xussernng, /.' manifestation, expression, ut- 
ausaetzen, vA. set out, put out, expose; suspend, 

put off; line, face; censure. — v.t. crop out; 

stop, pause. 
Anssiclit, /. outlook, view, prospect, 
anssichtsrelch, a. promising, 
ansslckem, v.i. trickle (or ooze) out, percolate; 

cease trickling. 
aussieden, v.t. boil out, boil; blanch (silver). 
ausshinen, v.i. contrive, invent. 
aussoggen, v.t. & t. » soggen. 
ausstthnen, v.U reconcile; expiate. 
aussondem, v.t. separate; secrete, excrete; sort; 

ausapannen, vA. stretch, spread; tenter; dacken; 

unharness; carry off. 
AuBsprache, /. pronundation. 
anssprechen, vA. pronounce; express, dedare; 

speak out. — anctfeaprochen, p.a. pronounced, 

anssprengen, vA. blast; q>rinkle (water); noise 

anssprlngen, v.i. spring out, spring off, fly off, 

crack; project. — ausspringend, p.a. salient. 
ansspritzen^ v.t. spurt out, squirt out; wash by 

squirting; inject. 
Ansspmch, m. utterance, saying; deddon. 
Ansspnmgswtnkel, m. angle of reflection, 
ausspillen, vA. wash out, wash, rinse out, rinse; 

Ausatand, m. strike; {pi.) arrears, 
ausstatten, vA. fundsh, supply; get up, fit out; 

Ansstattnng,/. fitting, equipment, outfit; get-up ; 

ansstilnben, «.<. dust, winnow. 
anastochen, ».<. dig out, cut out, pierce; en- 

, grave, 
ansstehen, vA. stand, endure. — p.t. stand out; 

be owing; strike. 
ausatellen, vA. put out; lay out, exhibit; draw 

up; censure. . 
AnasteUnng, /. putting out; exhibition, ahow; 

display; censure. 
AusstellnngwglaB, n. <?i-r%y <;Tji. 

jar (or tube). 
Anastich, m. choicest v .- 
ausatopfen, vA. stuff. 
Anaatoaa, m. expuldon .." 

retailing (of liquors) : 
aoastoaaen, v.U throw 

eject, diminate, disd 

utter. — v.t. burst fort 

work out. 








AiastooBladiing, /. bunting dutfse* 

AMrtooBoyrtem, n. {Brewing) desiudng wyBtam. 

AuBUMsang,/. expvhAan, ete. (aee auMtoaaatn). 

uBBtraUen, vJ. & u radiate, emit or be emitted. 

Aiflstrahlimg, /. radiation. 

uflBlreeken, «.i. stretch, epread.* 

AoBBtridi, m. stream tin (granular cassiterite); 

blotting out. 
naatrtaieD* v.i. emanate^ eaeapep stream out, 

flow oat. 
ABSBMinang, /. emanation, effusion, escape, 

eflSux, effluence, flow. 
AnastrSmimgsrohr, n. delivery pipe or tube, 
nssachen, v.L search out, sdect, choose, sort. 

— avsgesncht, p.a. picked, exquisite, 
anasfissen, v,L wash (a predpitete), edulcorate; 

sweeten; (Bretoing) sparge. 
Aoflsfiflsglas, n. wash bpttle (for washing pre- 
Anssiiflspampe, /. leaching pump. 
Asasflssolir, n., -rdhre, /. washing tube. 
AssBttwOTrichtong, /. wash bottle (for pre- 
' dpitates); sparger, 
nstsrieren, v.t. tare. 

A w taas c h, m. exchange, interdiange; barter. 
M rtsn s chbar, a. exchangeable, interchange- 
Mulanschen, v.t. exchange, interdiange; barter. 
usteeren, vJ. tar. 
nuteflen, 9 J. distribute. 
Aiuter, /. oystCT. 
Asflirag, m. dedaion, issue. 
asstragen, v.L deliver; distribute; carry out; 

decide; report. — v.t. amount; cease bearing. 
tistreiben, vA, expel, drive out, drive off; 

separate, set free; eject. 

aaatreten, v.i. step out, go out, leave, retire; 

{OpHet) emerge; (Med.) protrude, extravasate. 

Aoslritt, m. stepping out, ete. (see austreten); 

effusion (ot blood); emergence (of rays); 

landing, balcony, antechamber. 

ustrodmen, vd. & t. dry up, dry, denccate; 

drain; season (wood). 
Aostrockner, m. desiccator. 
aoatr^Mn, anstropfen, v.t. drop out, drip out; 

eease dropping or dripping. 
sssfiben, «.l. exert; practise, carry on; execute. 
isswadwen, v.t. grow out; germinate, sprout; 
grow up; grow together. — ansgewachaen, 
p.a. grown out, ete.; full-grown. 
aaswftgen, vJ. wdgh out; cidibrate by weighing. 
AaswabI, /. choice, sdection. 
■sswftUeii* vjL choose, sdeet. 
auwalaen, v J. roll out. 

v.t. emigrate. 
V J. iMeUU.) anneal. 
Aoswinnofeii, m. anneding furnace, 
ioswirts, adv. outward, without, abroad, 
■sswaachen, vjL wadi out, wash, rinse; scour 

AnawaaddlasclM, /. wash bottle. 
answliMsrn, v.<. soak; water. — v.t. be soaked. 
aoawechadbar, a. exchangeable. 
anawechsdn, v.U exchange. 
answelchen, v.t. turn out, turn adde; diirk. — 

v.(. soften out, detadi by soaking; soak; 

evade. — auswdehend, p.a, evadve, dudve. 
anawdden, v J. eviaeerate, draw, 
answdsen, v.t. prove; turn out, «cpd; banish, 
answendlg, a. outer, exterior. — adv. by heart, 
auswerfen, v.(. throw out, eject, discharge; 

Answertnng, /. vduation, value. 
answettem, v.<. weather. 
auswinden, v.<. wring out, wrench out; unscrew, 
auswintem, v.t. weather; keep thru the winter. 
aoswirken, v.L work out; take out (salt from the 

pans); Imead (dough); procure. 
anawittem, v.t. effloresce; weather; (of timber) 

season. — vJ. weather, season; get scent of. 
Answittemng, /. efflorescence; weathering; 

seasoning (of timber). 
Auswaclis, m. outgrowth, excrescence; germina- 
Answorf, m. throwing out, discharge; eopectora- 

tion; excretion; refuse, trash. 
Aoswmfstoffe, excretions, excrement, 
auszacken, v,t. indent, noteh, jag. 
Anazehmng, /. consumption. 
auszdchnen, v,L mark out, distinguish. — 

ausgeadchnet, p.a. excellent, distingitished. 
Ausxdchnung, /. distinction; label, mark. 
auadehbar, a. capable of being extracted, etc. 

(see ausdehen). 
ansdehen, v.(. extract; exhaust (drugs, ete.); 

draw out, draw, pull out; fade (colors); 

abstract; pull off, undress; stretdi, extend. 

— v.r. streteh, extend. — v.t. move. — ansgezo- 

gen, p.a. extracted, ete.; (of a line) solid (not 

broken or dotted). 
Anadehtlach, m, extendon teble. 
Aosdehong, /. extraction; undressing. 
Ausaog, m. extract; essence, tincture, infudon, 

decoction (according to drcumstences) ; re^ 

movd, exodus; drawer; abstract; bill, note; 

(MiUtTtg) superfine flour. 
Anazngmehl, n. suporfine flour. 
antogen, a. autogenic, autogenous. 
Antokatdysator, m. autocatdyzer. 
Antokatdyse, /. autocatdysis. 
antokatalytiach, a. autocatalytic. 
Autoklav, m. autodave. 
Antdyse, /. autolysis, 
antomatiach, a. automatic 
Antor, m. author. 

AntMacemldemng, /. autoracemization. 
Autorenregiater, n. author index. 
antorlderen, v.<. authorize. 
Aatorltit, /. authority. 
antoxydaMe, a. autoxidizable. 



AvfTafe, /. reviving, etc (see mvivieren). 
mvlviereclit, a. unaffected by brightening. 
avivieren, v.t. revive* restore; (^Dyeing) brighten, 

dear (also tone, top); scroop (silk). 
ft.W., abtnev. (ftussere Weite) outside diameter. 
axialsymmetrtoeh, a. aziByinmetric(al). 
Azt, /. az; hatchet. 

AZ., abbrep, (Aoetylzahl) acetyl number. 
Axe-. See also Ace-. 
Axeialnailnre, /. a^elaic add. 
Aaetat, n. acetate. 



Asetm, II. acetone. 
Aaetylcfi, n. acetylene. 
AaobenaoL n. asobenaena.' 
aaocydiflch, a. asocydic. 
Aaolkrbc, /. aso dye, aao color. 
AaoAurbetoff, m. aso dye. 
AaokSrper, m. aao compound. 
Aaot, n. nitrogen. 
Asoverbindnng, /. aso compound, 
asorblau, aznm, a. azure. 
Azorstefai, m. lapialazulL 

B., abbrev, Berichte der deutsehen chemiMhen 

Geadlschaft; (Bildung) formation. 
Bach, m. brook, stream. 
Bwhstelse, /. wagtail. 
Bacfllen-. of or pertaining to bacilli. 
Back-, baking; coking; dried. 
Backapfely m. dried apple. 
Backe, /., Backen, m, cheek. 
Backen-. cheek, buccal. 
backen, vJ. bake; (in a pan) fry; dry (fruits); 

roast (ores) ; bum (tile, etc.). — o.i. bake; cake, 

coke (of cold) ; stick (of pottery in the kiln). 
BMkenbari, m. whiskers. 
Backenzahn, m. molar tooth. 
Bicker, m. baker. 
BiAerei, /. baking. 
Bickerei, /. bakery; baker's trade. 
harkflMg, a. capable of baking; capable of 

Backfilhigkeit, /. capacity for baking (or for 

Backfisch, m. fried fish; school girl. 
Backkohle, /. caking coal, coking coal. 
Backobst, n. dried fruit. 
Backofen, m. baking oven, oven. 
Backpfanne, /. baking pan, frying jmn. 
Badqpnlver, n. baking powder. 
Backstetn, m. (burnt) brick. 
Backsteinofen, m. brick kiln, 
bickt, pr. S sing, of backen. 
Backwerk* n. pastry. 
Baekzahn, m. molar tooth. 
Bad, n. bath; (Tech.) dip, steep; watering 

baden, v.L bathe. 

Bader, m. bath proprietor; barber, 
bsdisch, a. of Baden. 

Badspannang, /. bath tension, cell voltage. 
Baggo-, m. dredger, excavator. 
Insgem, vJ. dredge, 
hahen, vA. foment; toast (bread); 
8«lin, /. way, road, track; trajectory; orbit; 

railway; breadth (of cloth). 
Mutbrechend, p.a. pioneer, epoch-making, 
itaknen, v.L b^t, smooth, dear (a way). 
Balmlior, in. station. 
fa k n at c ig, m. platform. 
Bshnang, m. railway train. 
Bakre, /. barrow, stretcher; bier. 

Bahrtnch, n. pall. 

Bai, /. bay. 

Baisala, n. bay salt, sea salt. 

Bajonett, n. bayonet. 

Bakterie, /. bacterium; (pi.) bacteria. 

Bakteriengift, n. bactericide. 

Baktoienkonde, -lehre, /. bacteriology. 

bakterientfitend, p.a. bactericidal. 

bakterlologisch, a. bacteriological. 

Bakteri<rfy8e, /. bacteriolysis. 

Balander, m. beam. 

balanderen, v.t. & i. balance. 

bald, adv. soon, presently; almost. — conj. bald 

. . . bald, now . . . then; so bald als, as soon as. 
Baldachin, m. canopy. 
baldig, a. q^ck, early. 
Baldrian, m. valerian. 
Baldriandi, n. valerian oil. 
BaldriansHure, /. valeric add. 
Baldrianwurzel, /. valerian root, valerian. 
Balg, m. skin; bellows; husk, pod, shell; (Med.) 

cyst; follicle; urchin. 
balgen, v.r. wrestle, scuffle. . v$ 

Balken, m. beam; girder; (Anat.) cor;-*' 

caliosum. vmbal 

Ball, m. ball; globe; (Soda) ball sodaj^f^~ ^^ 

ballen, v.i. & i. form into balls, conglomerate',^ 

Ballen, m. bale; pack, bundle; ball. 

Ballon, m. carboy; balloon flask (spherical 
flask with short neck); balloon. 

Ballonentleerer, m. carboy emptier. 

Ballonfllter, n. filtering flask (of porous porce- 

Ballongas, n. balloon gas. 

Ballonkipper, m. carboy tnter or indinator. 

ballotieren, v.i. ballot. 

Balsam, m. balsam, balm. 

Balsamapfel, m. balsam apple, balm apple 

Balsambaum, m. balsam tree (any of various 
balsameaceous trees). 

balsamerzeugend, a. balsamiferous. 

Balsamflasche, /. balsam bottle. 

Balsamharz, n. balsamic resin. 

Baisamholz, n. xylobalsamum, balm-of-Gilead 

balsamieren, v.t. embalm; perfume. 

balsamlsch, a. balsamic, balmy. 


«4-'«v Jl'l«>* ■■. 







Balnain|Mippel, /. balsam poplar, tacamahae. 
Balsamtaime, /. balsam fir (A&tes balsamea); 

spruce (esp. Norway spruce, Picea abiea). 
Bambus, m. bamboo. 
Bambnsrolir, n. bamboo. 
Bambnszacker, m. bamboo sugar, tabasheer. 
Banane, /. banana. 
Bancaainn, n. Banca tin. 
band, pret, of binden. 
Band, n. volume; binding; band; ribbon, tape, 

strap, belt, boop; hinge; bond, tie, liga- 
* ment. 

Bandachat, m. banded agate, ribbon agate. 
bandahnlicli, a. ribbonlike, striped, streaked; 

Bande, /. edge, border; band, gang. 
Bandeteen, n. h'oop iron, band iron. 
bftndigen, v.L tame, break. 
Bandmai^ n. tape measure. 
Bandwnrin, m. tapeworm. 
bang, bavge, a. timid, anxious. 
Baniane, m. banyan, banyan tree. 
Bank, /. bench; bank; bed, layer, stratimi. — 

Banken, bank. 
Bankanweisnng, /. check, bank note. 
Bankbmch, m. bankruptcy. 
bankerotti <^ bankrupt. 
Bankett, n. banquet. 
bankrott, a. bankrupt. 
Bankulnnas, /. candlenut. 
Bann, m. ban; jurisdiction; spell. 

v6 ten, v.i. banish; confine; enchant. 

-'*: pure, sheer; cash; destitute (of)< 
djective sufi^ usually attached 
- V, , J. oots and equivalent to -able, 

; ■u^tbar, stable (keepable), durable, 

jiar, m. bear; debt; (Meeh.) ram. 

Barbar, m. barbarian. 

barbeiasig, a. gruff. 

Barbier, m, barber. 

barbieren, v.t. shave; cheat. 

Barchent, m. fustian. 

B&renklau, /. bear's-breech (Acanthus moUia or, 

incorrectly, the cow parsnip, Heracleum 

B&rentraube, /. bearberry (Ardoataphyloa 

B&renworzel, /. saxifrage. 
barg, pret. of bergen. 
Barin, /. she-bear. 
Barke, /. shallow vat, back, beck; bark, 

B&rlapp, m., Bftrlappkraut, n. lycopodium, dub 

B&rlappsamen, m. lycopodium (powder). 
Bttrme, /. yeast, barm. 
barmherzig, a. merciful. 
Barmherzlgkeit, /. mercy, pity. 
Bamstein, m. brick. 

Barockperlen, f,pL baroque pearia. 
BaromeCersilale, /. barometric column. 
Baromet««tand^ m. height of the barometer, 

barometric height. 
Barre, /. bar; ingot. • 

Barsch, m. perch (fish). 
barsch, a. harsh, gruff. 
Barschaft, /. ca£^; property, 
barst, pret, of bersten. 
Bart, m. beard; ward (of a key) ; bur. 
bartig, a. bearded. 
bartlos, a. beardless. 
Bartseife, /. shaving soap. 
Bftrwurzel, /. saxifrage. 
Baryt, m. baryta (BaO or Ba(OH)s); (Mtn.) 

barite (BaSOi). 
barytartig, a. barytic. 
Baiyterde, /. barium oxide, baryta. 
Barytflussspat, m. fluorite containing barium. 
Barytgelb, n. barium yellow (BaCrOO* 
barythaltig, a. containing barium. 
Barythydrat, n. barium hydroxide. 
Barytlange, /. barium hydroxide solution. 
Barytwasser, n. baryta water. 
BaiTtweiss, n. permanent white, blanc fixe 

Baryum, n. barium. 
Baryumhyperoxyd, n. barium peroxide, barium 

Baryumplatlncyaniir, n. barium platinocyanide. 
Barzahlnng, /. cash payment. 
Basaltfelsen, m. basaltic rock. 
basaltieren, v.t. convert (slag) into a material 

resembling basalt. 
Base, /. base; basis; aunt; cousin. 
Baseler Griin, Basle green, Paris green. 
Basenbildner, m. base former, basifier. 
Basidtat, /. basidty. 
basieren, v.t. base. — v.i. be based. 
Basilien, Basilienkraut, Basilikum, n. (sweet) 

Basis, /. base; basis. 

basisch, a. basic. 

Basizit&t, /. basidty. 

Basier Blau. Basd blue. 

Basidn, n. tank, dstem, reservoir; basin; 

Bastem, m. raw sug^r. 
Basterzucker, m. bastard sugar, raw auear. 
Bastfaser, /. bast fiber. 
Bastpapier, n. manila paper. 
Bastseide, /. raw silk. 
bat, pret. of bitten. 
batavisch, a. Batavian. 
Batiat, m. cambric; batiste. 
batschen, v4. ret (flax. etc.). 
Batzen, m. large soft lump; large amount. 
Ban, m. structure; construction; building; make; 

Bauart, /. style (of building). 


Bauch 33 

Bancli* m. belly, abdomen; stomach; swelHng 
out, bulge; bulb (ox a retort). 

Banchdecfceii, epigastric, abdominal. 

Baache, bftucJien, ete. » Beuehe, beuchen, etc. 

Banclifdl, n. peritoneum. 

Baucfafiissler, m. gastropod. 

bandiic, a. bellied, convex. 

Ranchspeichel, m. pancreatic juice. 

Bauchsp^cheldriise, /. pancreas. 

Bancfaweh, n. colic, abdominal pain. 

baaen, vJ. build, construct; cultivate. 

Bauer, nt. builder; farmer, peasant; jack; cage. 

Banerde, /. soil. 

Bauergat, n. farm. 

Bauerliof, m. farm; country house. 

Banemsand, m. molding sand. 

Baaerstand, m. peasantry. 

bauf&hig, a. arable. 

banfUlig, a. out of repair; decaying. 

Baohc^x, n. timber. 

Baolnuist, /. architecture, (art of) building or 

Baam, m. tree; (Me^.) beam, bar, arbor. 

Banmaehat, m. d«idritie agate. 

baanuUmlich, banmartig, a. arborescent, tree- 

Bamnaierial, n. building material. 

Bamneister, m. architect, builder. 

bamneln, v.i. dangle. 

bamnfnnnig, a. dendritic, arborescent. 

Baumgarten, m. orchard; nursery. 

Bamnol* n. olive oil. 

Baamdlaelfe, /. olive oil soap, Venetian soap. 

Baomftrtd, m. building mortar, common mortar. 

Bamiuinde, /. bark, rind. 
Baumschlag, m. foliage. 

Baamschnle, /. nursery. 

Baunuschwamm, m. agaric. 

Bamnsenf, m. candytuft. 

Banmstamm, m. tree trunk. 

banmstark, a. robust. 

Baomstoin, m. (Mtn.) dendrite. 

Baumwachs, n. grafting wax. 

Banmwolle, /. cotton. 

bamnwoilen, a. cotton. 

Baoinwollenabfal!, m. cotton waste. 

BanmwoHenblan, n. cotton blue. 

Bamnwottensamen, m. cottonseed. 

Bamnwottfarbstoff, m. cotton dye. 

Banmwcrflsamen, m. cottonseed. 

BsmnwoHsamenoI, n. cottonseed oil. 

BanmwoDwurzelrinde, /. cotton root bark. 

BawrinB, m. building plan. 

Banaand, m. building sand, mortar sand. 

Banach, m. pad, compress; bundle; lump. 

bavaehen, v.i. swell out, bag, bulge.— «.<. puff 

up; reftne (tin). 
Bavschmig, /. swelling, etc (see bauschen); 

crease (in fabrics). 
Baaatein, m. building stone; brick. 

** to provide with,' 
with adjectives^ 






Banzwecke, m.pL building purposes. 

Baybeerenbanra, m. bebeeru, greenheart tree. 

bayeriach, a. Bavarian. 

Bayern, n. Bavaria. 

BayM, n. oil of bay. 

bayriseh, a. Bavarian. 

BayrischUao, n. Bavarian blue. 

Bazille, /., Baxillaa, tit. bacillus. 

Bd., abbrev. (Band) volume. 

be-. A verbal prefix which, when prefixed to 
verbs, usually denotes- completeness, or 
thoroness; as, bedenken, consider. With 
nouns it signifies 
hekaUcen, to lime; 
make — ,** as bereichem, enrich. 

beabsichtlgen, v.L intend, have in view. 

beachten, v.t. consider; notice, observe. 

Beamte, m. official. 

beanspmchen, v.t. require; claim. 

beanstandea, v.t. object to. 

beantragen, v.t. propose. 

beantworten, v.i. answer, reply to. 

bearbeiten, vJ. work; make, dress, till, ete.; edit. 

beaufsichtigen, vJ, superintend, inspect. 

beanflragen, 9.t. charge; authorize. 

beben, v.i. quake, tremble; {Physia) vibrate. 

bebl&ttert, a. having leaves, leafy. 

Becher, m. cup; goblet, bowl; {Bat.) calym 

Bech^chen, n. little cup. 

Bech^rglas, n. beaker. 

Beeherglaskolben, m. Erlenmeyer flask. ^^ 

Bechermensur, /. measuring cup. '~' 

Beelierwerk, n. bucket conveyor. 

Becken, n. basin; vessel; (AncU.) pelvis; cymbal. 

Beckmann'sche Umlagemng. Beckmann 

Becqaerelstrahlen,, Becquerel rays. 

Bedacht, m, consideration; care. 

bedanken, v.r. thank; decline. 

Bedarf, m. need, demand. 

bedauem, vS. regret; pity. 

bedecken, v.t. cover; (Sugctr) bottom, clay. 

bedenken, v.t. consider, heed, care for. 
bethink oneself; hesitate. 

Bedenken, a. consideration; hesitation; scruple. 

bedenklich, a. doubtful, risky; serious. 

bedenten, v.t. mean, signify; point out, state. 
— bedeutend, p.a. considerable, important. 

bedentaam, a. significant; imposing. 

Bedeutung, /. meaning, signification; impor- 

bedienen, vJ, serve, attend. — v.r. help oneself, 
make use. 

Bediennng, /. service, attendance; attention; 

bediagen, v.L stipulate; limit, restrict. — 
bedingt, p.a, conditioned, limited, condi- 
tional; hypothetical. 

Bedingang,/. condition, stipulation; limitation, 








Bedr&iigiiis, /. affliction, distress. 
bedrucken, vA, print. 
Bedruckang, /. printing, impression. 
BedrUckung, /. opinression. 
bedilrfen, v.i. be in need, be short (of something). 
Bediirfnis, n. want, requirement, necessity. 
beehren, vJt. honor, favor — v.r. have the honor. 
beeidlgen, tX. declare on oath, swear 
beelfem, v.r. strive, endeavor. 
beeilen, v.r. hasten, hurry. 
beeinflussen, 9.t. influence. 
beein^&chtigen, vi. injure, encroach upon. — 
\ beeintrHchtigend, p.a. injurious, detrimental. 

''^ beengen, p.<. narrow, cramp. 

\ beerben, vJL. be heir to. 

beerdlgen, v.t. bury. 
'i*. t-^ere, /. berry. 

.1. lAn^"*^!!®* /• service tree {Smhu» dome^iea). 

jr<!eretAh, n. buckthorn yellow. 
, /^Beerschwamm, m. framboesia, yaws. 
v\ Beet, n. (garden) bed. 

/ befahigen, v.t, -enable, qualify 
f befirid, prei, of befallen. 
(i • befangen, ^.a, embarrassed; prejudiced. 
1^ befassen, v.t. handle. — v.r. engage, be engaged, 
l**^ meddle (in or with). 
^.^ Befehl, 9n. command, order, precept. 
J! befehlen^ vA. command, order; commend, en- 

I trust.— 4>efehiend, •p.a. imperative. 

befestigen, vd. fasten, fix, attach; establish; 

/^^'Befestigungsmittel, n. fixing agent. 
/^ befenchten, v.U moisten, dampen, wet, water. 

beflehit, pr. S sing, of befehlen. 

beflndMi, vJb. find, think. — v.r. be, feel. 

Befinden, n. condition, state; opinion. 

beflndlich, a. existing, situated. 

beflecken, v.t. spot, stain, soil, blot, blur. 

befleissen, befleissigen, v.r. apply oneself (to). 
— beflissen, p.a. studious, intent. 

befliss, pret. of befleissen. 

beflissen, p.p. of befleissen. 

befdhle, prei. subj. of befehlen. 

befohlen, p.p. of befehlen. 

befordern, v.t. forward, promote, aid. 
^ Beforderungsmittel, n. aid, promoter, means of 

forwarding; (Med.) adjuvant. 

befrachten, v.t. load. 

befreien, v.t. set free, liberate; free; rescue, re- 
lieve, clear. 

befiremden, v.t. surprise. 

befremdlich, a. strange, surprising. 

befriedigeri, v.t. satisfy, please. — befriedigend, 
PM. satisfactory. 

befruchten, v.t. fertilize, fecimdate. 

befthrworten, v.t. speak in favor of, support. 

begaben, v.t. endow. 

begann, pret. of beginnen. 

begeben, v.r. go; happen; give up. 

begegnen, v,u m^t; happen; behave. 



begehen, vA, celebrate; ccunmit; .v.: 
Begehr, n. desire, demand^ 
begeistern, v.t. inspire, ani>mate.- 
begichten, v.t. charge (a furnace. 
Begier, Beglerde, /. desire, lust. 
beg erig, a. desirous, eager. 
begiessen, v.t. wet, moisten; wat'. 
Beginn, m. beginning. 
beginnen, v.t. & u begin. 
begipsen, v.L plaster. 
be^aubigen, v.t. certify; testify. 
begleiten, v.t. accompany, attenc 
Begleiterscheinung, /. attendant 
Begleitfarbe, /. (Calieo) fitting ci . 
Begleitk5rper, m, accompanying - i^-- ' 

be^Ucken, 9.<. bless, favor. 
begnadigen, v.t. pardon, favor, 
begnilgen, vA. be content. 
begSnne, pret. subj. of beginnen. 
begonhen, p.p. of beginnen. 
begraben, vA. bury; conceal. 
Begr&bnis, n. burial; tomb, 
begreifen, 9./. conceive, understand; include, 

compriise; imply. \^ .'•■ 

begrenzen, v.t. boimd, limit, terminate; define. 
Begrenzung, /. limit, boundary. 
Begrlff, m. conception, idea, 
begriinden, o.^ establish; base; prove. 
Begriindung, /. establishment; foundation. 
begrttssen, v.t. salute, greet. 
begttnstigen, v.t. favor; promote. 
Beguss, m., Begnssmasse, /. iCeramJ) slip, en- 

begntachten, v.t. pass judgment on. 
begiitert, a. wealthy. 
begtttigen, vA. appease. 
behaart, a. hairy. 
behaftet, a. affected, afflicted, 
behagen, v.i. please. 
Behagen, n. pleasure, comfort. 
behaglich, a. agreeable, comfortable, 
behalten, v.t. keep, retain; (Math.) carry. 
Beh&lter, m. container, receiver, receptacle, tank, 

reservoir, etc.; conservatory. 
Behaltnis, n. container, can^. ^ 
behandein, v.L treat; han 11.-. ■ 'k. 

Behandlong, /. treatment, - «.. > ' - v i>r 

Behandlnngsmittel, m. ag:;' 
beharren, v.i. continue, pe.' . ,., . 
beharrlich, a. persistent, cu ' ■ ' \; 

Beharmng,/. continuance, ->.■ • j 

ence, perseverance; obsti- ' 
Beharmngsvermdgen, n. ( J < ' 
Beharmngszustand, m. pe '^ 

ence; resistance (of a mac 
behaupten, v.t. maintain, ass . ' 
Behauptung, /. assertion, p- ;- 






BehaaBaiif, /. lodging, abode. 

Behelf» m. shift, device. 

behelliseii, v.t. mdieet, annoy. 

behend» a. nimble, dever. 

Behenimas, /. ben nut. 

Behenttl* n. oil of ben. 

Behens&ure, /. bebenic add. 

beherbergen, v.t. harbor, shelter. 

beherrschen, vJ. rule, control, command. 

beherzicen, vJ, take to heart, consider. 

beherzt* p.a. courageous. 

behflflich, a. helpful. 

BehSrde, /. authority, magistrate. 

behttrdUch, a. official. 

Behnf, m. purpose, object; behalf. 

behnCs, prep, in behalf of, in order to. 

behttten, v.<. guard. 

behntCHun, a. cautious, careful. 

bei, prep, at, near, by; on, in, about. 

beibehalten, v4. rettdn, continue. 

BeiUstt, n. supplement, supplementary sheet. 

bellMiiigeii, vJ. administer; produce; impart; 

BribriBgongwnittdU n. vehide (for drugs). 
bdchten, v.t. confess, 
belde; a. both; either, 
belderaelts, adv. on both sides, mutually. 
bei«Ueblg, a. amphibious. 
Beifall, m. approval, applause. 
beifalllg, a. approving, favorable. 
b^olgend, p.a. endoaed. 
beif iigen, vA. add, annex. 
Beifuss, m. artemisia, 
Beigeschmack, m. aftertaste, tang, flavor. 
BeiUlfe, /. help, assistance. 
Bdl, n. hatchet; (grosses) ax. 
BeHage, /. addition, supplement, appendix; 

beflanfig, a. inddental. 
beilegen, v.t. add, indose; settle; attribute. 
beintengen, v4. admix. 
Beimengung, /. admixture; impurity, 
bdmeasen, «.<. attribute. — v.r. assume. 
bdmisehen, «.(. admix, mix with. 
Beimisdntng, /. admixture, mixture; infusion. 
Befai, n. bone; leg. 
beinah, belnahe, adv. almost, nearly. 
Beiname, m. surname; nickxianie 
Bdnasdie, /. bone ash. 
Beinkldder, pi. trousers, breeches. 
Beinmehl, n. bone meal. 
Bdnsdiwars, n. bone black. 
Bdnwnrz,/. oomfrey (JSymphviwaf^^^f^^)^ 
bdordaen, vA. adjoin, ooordinar^ 
beipfilchten, v.t. assent, agree, 
beisammen, adv. together. 
Bejsatz, m. addition, 
Bdschmack, m. -^ Beig«M»i^^^^ 
Beisein, n. presenoek 
beiseite, adv. aslde^ mp9Xt*\ 


beisetxen, vA. bury, inter. 

Beispiel, n. example. 

beispidloB, a. unexampled, unparallded. 

belivielsweise, adv. for example. 

beispringen, v.i. assist. 

Beissbeere, /. Cayenne pepper. 

beissen, vd. bite.-H>.t. bite, smart, bum. — 

b^ssend, p.a. biting, sharp, pungent, acrid. 
Beiss^obe, /. {Brewing) biting test. 
Befstand, m. assistance; supporter. 
beistehen, v.t. stand by, assist. 
beistenem, v.t. contribute. 
beistimmen* v.i. agree, concur. 
beitragen, vd. & t. contribute. 
bdtreiben, vd. collect; drive in. 
beitreten, vJt. accede, join. 
beiwohnen, v.t. be present; cohabit. 
Bdwort, n. adjective; epithet. 
Bdsartikei, m. (Calieo) mordant style. 
Beizbad, n. {Dyeing) mordant bath. 
Belzbtttte, /. {Leather) drench pit. 
Beize, /. corrosive, corrosion; {Dyeing) mor- 
dant; {Med.) caustic, cauterization; {Leather} 
bate, drench; {Metal.) pickle; etching:; 
b^zen, vd. corrode; mordant; cauterize; bate, 
drench (hides) ; etch; pickle; blanch (metals) ; 
stain; sauce (tobacco) .^beizend, p.a. cor- 
roding, etc.; corrosive, caustic. 
Beizendmck, m. mordant printing. 
beizenfilrben^ 'j.t. dye on a mordant. "^ -v*^ 
BeizenfarbstofF, m. mordant dyestuff. 
Qeizfarb^, /. mordant color. 
Beizflttssigkelt, /. corrosive liquid, caustic 
liquor^, mordant liquor; {Leather) bate, 
Beizki^aft, /. corrosive or caustic power; mor- 
t strength. 

ttel, n. corrosive; mordant. 
^nng, /. corroding, etc. (see beizen). 
ahen,'9.t. affirm. 
sjalirt, a. aged, 
ijammem, vd. bewail. 
Uommen, a. oppressed, anxious. 
bekalken, vd. lime. 
bekilmiifen, v.t. combat, oppose, 
bekannt, p.a. see bekennen. 
bekanntUch, adv. as is known; notoriously. 
bekennen, vd. confess, ackx^owledge. — ^bekannt* 
p.a. known; noted, famoiis; acquainted (with). 
beklagen, vd. deplore; pity. — v.r. complain. 
beklecken, bekleckem, bekleeksen, v.t. blur, 

blotch, blot, daub. 
beUeiden, v.t. cover, coat, line, face, box; 

clothe; invest; occupy. 
Bekleldung, /. casing, lining, jacket, coating, 

dothing, etc. (see bekleiden). 
bekommen, vd. get, recdve. — v.i. agree (with). 
bekdsttgen, v.t. board. 
bekrilllgen, vd* oonflrm, assert. 







bektttiiBeii» vJ. wreathe, f Mtoon. 

bekritteln, v4. censure. 

bekmsten, 9.L incrurt, crust. 

beklimmem, v4, afflict, trouble. 

Bdag, m. = Beleg. 

belagem, v.L besiege. . 

Belang, m. importance; amount. 

belangen, v.L concern; bring action against. 

belassen, v.t. leave. 

b^sten, v.t. load, weight, burden; charge. 

bd&itigenr v.L trouble, bother. 

Bdastong, /. load, burden; burdening; debit; 
iMed.) taint. - 

belaiifen, v.r. amount. 

bdauschen, v.t. overhear, spy upon. 

beleben, vJ.' revive, quicken, enliven, resusci- 
tate; brighten, freshen (colors). 
Mem, v.t. cover with leather, leather. 

%, m. covering, coating, lining; floor; proof; 

f»elc;^eii, vA. cover, line, face, overlay, coat; 
prove; illustrate. 

B^egung, /. covering, coating. 

belehren, v.t. instruct, advise. 

bdeibt, a. stout. 

bel^digen, v.L offend, insult. 

beleimen, v.t. glue, cover with glue. 

belesen, a. well read. 

beieuchten, v.L light, illuminate; examine. 

Beleuchtung, /. lighting, illumination; elucida- 
pfSSt; examination. 
leuchtungsmittel, n. iUuminant. 

belichten, v.L expose (to light). 

Belichtung, /. exposure (to light). 

Belichtungskarte, /. {Dyeing) exposure card. 

belieben, v.L like, choose. — v.i, be pleasing. — 
beliebt, p.a, popular, favorite. 

Belieben, n. inclination, pleasure. 

bellebig, a. optional, any, whatever. 

beliebt, p.a. see belieben. 

belien, v.L bark; clamor. 

belohnen, v.L reward. 

beliigen, v.L lie to. 

belustigen, v4. amuse, divert. 

bemachtigen, v.r. take possession. 

bemalen, v.L paint, color. 

bemftnt^n, v.L cover; color, varnish; palliate. 

bemerken, v4. note, remark. 

bemerkenswert, a. worthy of note, remarkable. 

Bemerkung, /.observation, remark, note. 

bemessen, v.L proportion, measure. — p.a. mea- 
sured, exact; symmetrical. 

bemittelt, a. well-to-do. 

bemodert, p.a. moldy. 

bemoost, p.a. mossy. 

bemtthen, v.L & r. trouble. 

bemastem, v.L sample; match; {Dyeing) dye to 
pattern, imitate; ornament, figure. 

benachbart, p.a. neighboring, adjacent, vidnal. 

benachrlchtigeiit 9 J, inform. 


beaachtoittg^n, vM pttfjudJAB, hurt. 

beneb^t, pji. tipey* 

benehmen, 9.(. take aawy, remove. — vjf. behave. 

Benehmen, n. behavi<w, conduct. 

beneiden, vA. envy. 

benennen/ «.<. name, calL 

Benennung, /. nomendature; name, nuning, 

benetzen, vA. wet, moisten, sprinkle. 

Bengd, m. dub; dapper; boor, chap. 

BenttI, n. oil of ben. 

Benfi&ore, /. benic add (behenic add). 

benntzen, v.L use, conploy. 

Benzin, n. benzine. 

Benzochinon, n. benzoquinone. 

Benzoe, n. &/. benzoin (gum). 

Benzoeftther, m. benzoic ether (ethyl beozoate). 

Benzoebaum, m. benzoin tree {Styrax hentoin). 

Benzoeblumea, flowers of benzoin. 

Benzoebarz, n. benzoin (t^e resin). 

Benzoelorbeer, m. spicebush {Benzoin benzoin). 

benzoesauer, a. of benzoic acid, benzoate of. 

Benzoesilure, /. benzoic add. 

benzoes&iirehidtig, a. containing benzde add. 

Benzoeschmalz, n. benzoinated lard, benzoat- 

benzoiaiert, p.a. benzoinated, benzoated. 

Benzol, n. benzene (CeHc) ; benzol (eommerdal 

BenzolblndungI /. benzene linkage. 

Benzfrfderlyat/n. benzene derivative. 

benzolisch, a. benzene. 

Benzidkern, m. benzene nudeus. 

Benzolkoidenwasserstoffe, m.pL benzene hydro- 

BenzdsulfiM^ure, /. benzenesulfonic add 
phenylsulf onic add. 

benzojiieren, v.L benzoylate, introduce ben- 
zoyl into. 

Benzoyiwasserstoff, m. benzoyl hydride (ben- 

beobachten, vJ. observe. 

BeobaeUer, m. observo'. 

Beobachtung, /. observation; observance. 

Beobaehtuiilcsfehler, m. error of observatiiNi. 
obachtungsrohr, n., -rdhre, /. observatior 
(as for a polariseope or spectroscope). 

beSen, vA. oiL 

bepMJub 9.L load. 

bequem]!^ ccmvenioit; comfortable; lazy. 

beqaeme\ *'•»'• conform, comply* — v_ 

ber., a6&re\ O'^rechnet) calculated. 

Ber., abbr\. (Bericht, Berichte) report(a) 
spedf., Be%b<» «i» deutsdien chemischei 

Berapp, m. rougl 
beraten, v.L advi 
beratschlagen, v.} 
berauben, v.L rob, 
ber&uchem, vA. i^^M 

plaster, brown coat, 

^ jMHunilt, del&erate. 


beranisdien 37 

fj. iiiteadc«te.-~vMffMHiriMBde 
netrt^Ote, {aUnatn.Ung Uquon. i 
raofchungsiiilttcl, «. iutozicani. 
rbsritze, /. barberry, berberia. i 

0. ealeuUUe; appreciable. 
vJ, calculate, compute;: cbarge. 

/. mode or metthod <A cal- 
hen^fOgBn, 9J. entitle, autbonsn, <n<alify. 
BereciitiCiuitf» /. authorization, right. - 
bcreden* 9.1. persuade; talk orer; defame. 
Betedeamk^ /. doquenoe. 
Bereidi* m. reach, range; domidn, district. 
bwefc l ie i i i, vJ. enrieh. 
butit , a. ready, prepared, 
berriten, v.t, prepare, make ready, make. 
bereits, adw. already. 
Berritmttf, /. preparation; manufaetdre. 
bere«esi» wX repent, regret. 
Here m. mountain; (Mining) rubbish, waete; 

{Paper) breasting (of a rag engine). 
Berg-, mountain; roek; mineral; native. (See 
the foQowmg entries.) 
>, ado. down hill. 
V /. lode, vein. 
1, m. rock alum. 
ad», up hUL 
/. mining. 
Bercart, /. gang, matrix, vein stuft. ' 'V^k 
/. an infer»7r kind of mineral tiu 
Berghan, m. mining. 

Bertfblan, n. mineral blue (blue baale carbonate 

of oopi^v). 
Bergbrann, n. umbier. 
Berglmtter, /. (Aftn.) impure iron ahun. Iron 

saUale or siiie sulfate. 
bertfeu, ».f. save, shelter, eonoeal.— gebertfen. 

fe; wdl off. "^ 

n. raw ore. 
a. (Min,) native. 
Bergfett, n. mountain taUow, oooeerite. 
Bergflaclis, m. mountain flax, amianthus. 

- ■ ' fi. monntaia flesh (a variety of 



Bergfluas, m. oolored quarts. 
Bercganc m, vein, lode. 
BerggeUs n, mountain yeUow, yellow oeher. 
Ber^aa. «. rock crystal (transparent quarts) 
■«er, m. margaiite. 
«. gold found in primitive rocks. 
, n. mineral green, green verditer 
^ <gy « Mttic oopper carbonate). 
limmfir, m. mountain milk, agaric minsnl 
(eagjiy caldam carbonate). -™™» 

Berggul, n. minerals. 
Berghaai^, «. amiaatltus. 
Ber^ai^ n. mineral plteh, asphalt. 

"^i» m. redk wood dignJfotm asbestos). 
E. Bumntainou; hilly. 

m. (GmL) mountain limestone. 

Bergkiesel, m, rock flint, chert; felaite. 

Bergkohle, /. (mineral) coal. 

Bergkork, m. moontidn ewk (a light form of 

Bergkiistall, Bergkryslall, m. rock crystal 
(transparent quarts). 

Bergkuitfer, n. native capper. 

Berglasw, /. aaurito. 

Bergleder, n. mountain leather (a form of as- 

Bergmamiy ftt. miner. 

Bergmehl, ,\, mountain floor (or meal), 

Bergstidisse, /. calamint. 

Bergmilch, fii. mountain milk, agaric mineral 
(earthy ealdium carbonate). 

Bergnlnse, Bergmttnae, /. lit., mountain mi 
— applied to several menthaceous plants, . ■'' 
catnip or catmint, calamiBt, field basil, etc. 

Bergnaphta* /. mineral naphtha, petroleum. 

Bergdl, n. petroleum. 

Bergpapier» n. mountain paper (a form of 

Bergpech, n, mmetal pitch, asidialt. 

Bergrot, n. realgar; Indian red. 

Bergsalz, n. rock salt. 

Bergschnle, /. school of mines. 

Bergschwaden, m. fire d^n^" -'^^Vft ^^mp 

ef- ^ ^ 

^ MM.'wr^fitive sulfur. y with 
Bergseife. /. mountain soap (kind , 
rock butter (impure iron or 2dnc sulfife) 
hl!!S'/^' mountain tallow, ozocerite; 'rock 
butter (impure iron or zinc sulfate). 
Bergtee, m. mountain tea. wintergreen. 

J^^£^' "^^ ^ -i-terg^. spirit 
Bergteefii, ». ofl of wintergreen. 
B«2f**''' *"• mineral tar, maltha. 
B^terf, m. mountain peat. 
Bergwachs, «. mineral wax, ozocerite. 
Bergwerk, n. mine. 
Bergw etter, n. (Mining) damp. 
J»r»oUe, /. mineral wool (asbestos). 
Beigrin nerz, a. mine tin (eassiterite). 
Beripifanober, m. native einnabar. 
Bergzunder. m. mountain tinder (asbestos). 
Beridit, SI. report; notice, information. 

berieseln, vM cause to flow or triclde 
water, irrigate. 

"*"•?•»«»««*•"«. m. (Bnwing) 

beritten, a. mounted. 

Bwl. Ber.. abttrev. (BerUner Berichte) Berichte 
oJiT <^!S***®" chemischen Gesellschaft. 
BeribierblMi, «. Berlin blue, Prussian bhie. 
MnerUaaaftare, f. hydrocyanic acid. 
I BttmiierrDt, n. Berlin red (a red lake ooicr). 










Beraataiii, m. amber. — schwaner Benurtda, jet. 

Bernstein-, amber; suodnic, tuceinyl, suecino-. 

Bemsteinalann, m. aluminous amber. 

fiemst^nlaek, m. amber varnish. 

Bernsftelndl, n. oil of amber, oleum suoeini. 

bemsteinsaner, a. of succinic add, succinate of. 

Bemstrtns&are, /. suodnie add. 

bersten, v.L burst, explode, crack. 

Bertram, m. peilitory {Anaeydua pffrelhrum 
and similar plants). 

Bertram(s)wiirzel, Bertramwnrz, /. pdlitory, 
pyrethrum (root of AnaeyeluB ^pyreihrum). 

berttdrtigt, pui. notorious. 

berttcken, v4. trick; charm. 

berttcksiditicen, vJ. bear in min i, regard, con- 

Beriickfllchflcnntf, /. regard, coadderation. 
B^'j anif, m. calling, occupation, profession. 
^^Irentfen, v.L call, appoint. — v.r, appeal. 
* Bemfkrant, n. any of various plants, specif. 
(Pharm.) fleabane (Erigeron).^ 

Tberohen, v.u rest, depoid. 

beruhigen, vA, quiet, reassure.^ — bemhigend, 
p.a. quieting, sedative. 

Beruhigangsmittel, n. sedative; fltnodyne. 

berilhmt, p.a. famous, cdebrated. 

berilliren, v.L touch. 

Berfihnuig, /. contact; touchifig. 

Bertihrmvg^VjjjL'^tangeatial plane. 

gsflache, /. surface of contact. 


Berttm ungsUnie, /. tangent. 

Berilhrnngsstelle, /. place of contact; mark 

(made by touching something). 
Beryll, m. beryl. 
Beryllerde, /. beryllia (BeO). 
BeryiUmnsalz, n. beryllium salt. 
besagen, vd. mean, signify. 
bes&nftigen, vX appease, soothe. 
Besatz, m. border, edging, trimming: iMetal.) 

Besatznng, /. garrison, crew. 
beschttifigen, r.t. damage. 
beschaflTen, 9.(. procure; supply; make, execute. 

— P.O. constituted, conditioned. 
Beschaffenheit. /. nature; sUte, coi 

quality; disposition. 
beschaftigen, v.L occupy, busy, employ 
Besch&ftigung, /. occupation, business. 
Beschfimung, /. shame, confusion. 
beschaollch, a. contemplative. 
Bescheid, m. decision, answer; infonr ... 
bescheiden, vA. assign; inform; order, "v: v 

— v.r. be content. 
bescheiden, a. modest, unassuming 
besehelnigeB, v.t. certify. 
beschenken, v,t. present. 
beseheren, v.t. give, bestow. 
beschicken, vA. load, charge; f , -vf 

mani^, attend to. 



»/. loading, <ta|titelMft 
[at; (Miniing)lS^^ \ 
lb /. bombardment.' a 

vJ, disgrace; insult. •# 
9J, shelter, cover; protect 
. coating of some kind, a^ 
on glass, tarnish on 

day to pfrotect from heat, etc.; fittings 

ing, ho'iping^ «tc; shoeing, shoe (of a t 

beacfalagen, r.t. become coated, as wit 

ture, oxide, or mcdd; foresee; tamir 

an incrustation (before the blowpip 

cover, mount or fit (with iron, metal, 

etc.); lute; shoe (a horse).— p.a. • 

bescMeanigeB, v.L accelerate; hast^i. 
Beachleuniger, m. accderator. 
Beschleunlgong, /. acoderation; deepatc. 
bescfaUeaseii, v.U finish, dose; det 

Beschliesaer, m. housekeeper, steward. 
Beschluss, m. condusion; determinatiot- 

ing up, bond, 
besduniwen, vA, smear. 
beBchmntzen, v,L soil, stain. 
beachndden, v,L cut, trim, pare, dress; 

bese'*'*' ", y4k a£;Aw-covered. 
o^iotitalgnng,/. gloss, Nfamish; palliatk • 
beschrttnken, vA. limit, cscnnfine.- jpobc.'.' 

p.a. limited, narrow. 
beachreiben, v.L describe; write on. 
beschnldigen, v.t. accuse. y 

Beschnssprobe, /. shooting test. 
beachiitzen, v.t. protect. 
Beschwerdci /. trouble, annoyance; eozn 

maladyi*' ^.)>\j 
beschwcn^h, vJ, load; weight; burden, 

— p.r. complain, 
beschwerlich, a.-«^urdensome, troublesoi 
Beschwerungsmlttel, n. loading mt.. 

wdghting agent, filler. 
beach wichtigen, vA. allay, appease, sooth «) 
en, v.t. swear to; eon jure; ezoorcc 


t lit, n. 


• .. en, t 
w. br* 
^ussec.'- ' 
laUel, m. U: 
jsen, p.p. ; 
izen, %Ai ->■ 
iarge (a fut 
Odtion) ; eni*. ; 
Achtlgen, t.X* \ : 
#iegen, vA. dei> 
isinnen, v.r. c> 
pui. condderat 

•.* * 




sinnii]is,/« conaideration; reeoUeetion; eon- 

sinmingdos, a. unconscious. 
rsitz, m. possession; property. 
sitzen, v.t. possess, occupy, hold. 
esitzans* /• = Besitz. 

isonder, a. particular,, special, spedfie; 
separate; singular, odd. 

osonderheit, /. peculiarity, individuality; par- 

ssonders, adv. especially; separately; sin- 

ssonnen, p.a. see besinnen. 
isorgen, v.t, care for, see to; fear. — besorgt, 
p.a. anxious; careful. 
3sponiien, p.<i. covered. . 
^sprechen, v4, discuias; arrange; conjure, 
esprengen, vj. sprinkle. 
3spritzen, v.<. sprinkle, spatter. 
essemerbime, /. Bessemer converter. 
essemem, v4. bessemerize. 
tesser, a. & adv. better. 
estmm^ v4. better; correct. — v.r. grow better, 
est., abbrev. (Bestimmung) determination. 
«stand, m. duration, stability; amount, stock. 
est&ndig, a. stable; constant, durable, per- 
manent; fast (colors); steady, steadfast. 
estandigkeit, /. stability, etc. (see bestandig). 
- «9tandteil, m. constituent; ingredient, 
bestarken, v.t. confirm. 

bestatfgen, vJ. confirm, ratify. — o.r. h(dd true. 

bestatten^ vJ. bury, inter. 

bestifcuben, v.L dust, powder, cover with dust. 

•>estc. a. best. I»-^3PJ"«\ 

oeatechea, vA. stitch; bribe; chanr^.. -*^ -/^^^ 

esteck, n. case, set (of instrum^ybi^ -clever 

(at table). %' •>.««, 

bcstetien, p.i. oonsirt; exist; penris^jnitii 

0.r. resist; encounter; pass. — beeiSHStl auis, 

eoDsisfc of. 

iesteken* n. oompositioni existence; pends- 

tenoe. ' 

•esteUen, oJ. rob. 
lesteUeiiy v.t. order, appoint, engage; driver; 

arrange; till, plant. 
lesteXiec, m. {Com.) orderer. 
testellsdiein, m. order blank, requisition 

BesteDmig, /. ordering, etc (see bettellen); 

(Com.) order, commisaion. 
besteiraHs, adif. at best. 
BestH /. beast, brute. 

' v-stjameii, vJL determine; fix, deadjarnr allot, 
define. — bnertimmt, p.a. determined. d« OnKe, 
lued, appc^ted, certain. 
B<^«(linintheB» /. definiteDA«B: deteniinaticm; 

ffTtalnty. ^ ■ ' 
HeslfauiunqE, U, determlnatioa: apporatment; 

broviaion: do^stiny. 
beHttafen* vJLfpat&Bh, 

bestraUen, v.t. throw rays upon; irradiate, H- 

bestreben, v.r. strive, endeavor. 

Bestrebung,/. striving, effort, endeavor. 

bestreichen, v4. coat, smear, spread; brush, 

bestr^ten, vd. dispute; defray. 

bestreuen, v.t. strew, sprinkle, powder. 

bestricken, v.i. ensnare. 

bestUrzt, p.a. amazed, dismayed. 

Besuch, m. visit; company. 

besuchen, v.t. visit, resort to, attend. 

besndeln, v.i. soil, defile. 

betagt, p.a. aged; due. 

betalgen, 9.<. tallow. 

betatigen, v.t. prove, manifest. 

betauben, v.i. deafen, stun, stupefy. 

Bet&ubungsmittel, n. narcotic. 

Bete, /. beet, beetroot. 

beteeren, v.t. tar. 

beteOigen, v»t. give a share to, concern. — v.r. 
participate. — beteiligt, p.a. concerned, in- 

Bet^nuss, /. betel nut. 

beten, v.i. pray. 

beteuern, v.i. protest, swear to. 

betitein, v.t. entitle, name. 

Beton, m. concrete (made with cement), fo4ton. 

betenen, v.t. accent, emphasize. 

betonieren, v.t. c(Hicrete, cover or lay with, 
form of, concrete. 

betr., ahhrev. 




- -^ n, ?4. o©»««^f -,,-__ 

b«)tiSciii|ieD» •» epilte^H^m 

flfittetuw^^^ - -w*-*»^~' 
. amount, sum. 
betragen, vjt. amount to. — vjr. behave. 
Betragen* n. behavior, ccmduct. 
betriiuern, v.t. lament. 
betreffen, vA. concern; befall; catch. — ^betref- 

fend, p.a. concerning, concerned. — betrolTen, 

p.a. disconcerted, dazed. 
betreiben, v.t. c&rfy oh, conduct, pursue. 
betreten, v.t. tread upon, enter upon. — p.a» 
■ beaten; confused. 
Betrieb, m. work, operation, management; 

betrlebsam, a. active, industrious. 
Betriebsanlage, /. plant, works. 
Betrlebschemlker, m. industrial chemist, works 

Betrieb8kontr<rfle, /. control of (technical) 

Betriebskosten, f.pL operating expenses. 
Betriebflleiter, m. manager. 
Betriebszelt, /. working hours; shift; working 

season, campaign. 
betrolfen, p.a. see'betreffen. 




• \» 




* 1 


betrilbMi, tU. & r. grieve. 

Betrug, m. fraud, deceit. 

betmnken, p.a, intozieated. 

Bett, n. b«l. 

ReUei, m. trash; begging. 

betteln, v.i. beg. 

betten, v.<. imbed, embed, bed; put to bed. 

BettlOT, m. beggar. 

Bettstelle, /. bedstead. 

Betttiich, n. sheet. 

Bettung, /. bedding, bed. 

Bettwanze, /. bedbug. 

betnpfen, betapfen, v.t. dab, dip, tip; spot. 

Beuche, /. bucking, bowking; bucking lye. 

beuchen, v.t. buck (steep or boQ in lye or suds). 

Beuehfass, n. bucking tub. 

BencfakesseU m. bucking keir. 

Benchlauge, /. buddng lye. 

Beuchwasser, n. buck. 

Beage,'/. be^d, bow. 

beagen, 9 J. bend; deflect; diffract (light); in- 
flect (words) ; bow, humble. 

bevgsam, a. =bieg88m. 

Beugnng, /. bending, etc (see beugen); flexure, 

Beule, /. bump, swdling; boil. 

beonruhigen, v.L disquiet, trouble. 

bewrkundea, 9.t. authenticate* 

bearteilen, v.t. judge, estimate, criticize. 

Beurt^ung, /. judgtog, judgment; valuation, 
^^mate; criticism. 

Beateltach, n. boltingTnbtn.^^ -**" a , ^; -^ ♦ >' * 

Beutelzeug, n. bolting apparatus; bcu'tio^ -•<> ' 

Bevolkemng, /. population. 

bevollmftehtigen, 9.1. empower, av*' ^r^*. 

bevor, conj. before. 

bevorsteiien, 9.i. approach, in '.<'r). 

berorsQgen, 9.t. prefer, favor. 

bewaffnen, v.t. arm; aid. 

bewahren, vJ. keep, preserra, prot*." 

bewiUireB, 9.t. verify, approve. — v.r. pi • , •♦ . 

Bewahrung8mlttel,n.pre8ervative;propK» . •: 

bewiiliigeB, 9.<. overcome, master. 

bewandert, a. versed, skilled. 

Bewandtnis, /. case, state. 

bewftssMii, 9.<. water, moisten, spriakie, irri- 

bewegbar, a. movable, mobile. 

bewegen, v.t. & i. move; induce. — bew e gaad e 
Kraft, motive power. 

Beweger, nt. motor; mowr. 

bewegttch, a. movable, moving; venatiie. 

BewegMrhkgiit, /. mobility. 

Bewegnng, /. motion; movemairt, moving; stir, 

' » 


kinetics. . 
Beweis, m. proc 
beweiaan, rX p 


i ! 

; ki 

' .menjt 


■J' :at, as.'*' 

'»-., perf^ I 
1 '.'-lop.'' 


bewenden, v.i. i 
Bewerber, «t. &< . ' 
bewerfen, vA. pi . c , . 
bewerkstelligen. . ' 
bewtdcdn* 9.(. r • o . 
bewilligen, v.t. grant, penait. 
bewfarken, v.t. effect, cause, exert. 
bewirten, vJ. entertain, treat, 
bewfrtschaften, v.t. manage, run. 
bewog, pret. of bewegen. 
bewogen, p.p. of bewegen. 
bewohnen, v.t. inhabit, occupy, 
bewundem, vA. admire. 
Bewnrf, m. plastering, plaster, 
bewusst, a. conscious, aware; known. 
bewQsstlea, a. tmoonseious; senseless. 
Bewnastsein, n. consciousness; knowlei 
bez., abbrev. (beziehungsweise) respe<^ • 
bezalilen, v.t, pay. '' 

Bezahlnng, /. payment, settleoEient. \^l 
beidilunen, v.t. tame, restrain. ^^'^ 

bezeicluien, v.L mark, label; indic^le- 

— beselchnend, p.a. characteristic/ ^' 
Bezeichnnng, /. marking, notatioi^; %ria 

^"-^"•—^te. ; , ' 

weioe, /. maniwr (or. ine 

lyzei^Bei|»^<. testify, certify. f',.'^ 

^si^iilp, JK. draw (money) ; ordar, biiy 

enter'; ilfer; cover. — v.r. refer; be .^vv 
• ^ziehong,/. relation; reference, reiij^ 
""dtottiswelae, adv. raqiectivaly^ ok 
b^v v{.«n» v4. mark with figures or ei| 

• r ki-Oimt. ' 

* ■ • • > ■■ . nreait, district. * "^ ' 

H' z !'/.n", /, (Pkarm.) con' 

'•/u... ..! 'on, refereaee; dra 
«..:" ;. .i. •'. A .rep, relative, ^t^ r< 

* ■ '•• '■" .. :>r:L ■ . 'supply. 

:• ' V . i-(v(- ■ ? ne. 

be/ •■ ^■^-.At. r", ■ wi-'^^ 

beza'i'-" ' »'." 'A y'i', 

beswia^'- •«*- •>/.■.■.::: 

Bibel,/. i. 
Biber.m.^ r. 
Btbergeil. tt. Cfc* • ^-^^.i .;j>*...- . 
Bfibemeit Biben. ... 

pineUa*axifraga) . 
rBibfirsr*i^«A. »/*. il^ 






n^er, a. upright, honest, true. 
*SlMur, a. capable of beinc bent, 
'e, /. bend, bow. 

;eii, vU. bend; curve; diffract, refract (light); 
nflect (words).— HT.r. bend, (fii wood) warp. 
— HT.f. bend. 

»hr, n., H^erShre, /. (g^Uus) tube for 

U^gaam, a. floodble, pliant; ductile. 
B^'eg^mkdt, /. flexibility; ductflity. 
Bs.egaii2, /. bending, etc (see bic^gea); bend; 



J • uoe. 
^nluuf!^ n. bee g^iie, propcdis. 

nenenwacha, n. beeswax. 

*ier, n. beer; (eagUaehes) ale. 
Bierbliuie, /. head (froth) of beer. 
Bieressig, m. malt vinegar, beer vinegar. 
Bfergrand, m. (Brewwg) underbade 
Bierb^e^ /. yeast. 

Blerkcflool, m. {Brewing) boiling copper, boiler. 
Bterpedi, n. brewer's pitch. 
Bierprober, vu beer tester, spedf ., beer hydrome- 
ter. ^. 
BierschSfie, /. fining for beer. 
BiersiJ^^r, m. {Brewing) kettleraan. 
'^'TBtein, m. hard deposit from wort, beer scale. 
.j^emntersuchaBg, /. examination ctf beer, beer 

tte^^tf ^% beer gage. 

ffierwiin^/. beer wort, wort. 



bk^iiy vjf. offer; bid; 

IBd, n.- image; figure; picture; ^agram; idea, 

bB^lE^.^l^'form; diape, fashion; educate, eulti- 

^teL.'c&ili3Ee' — bUdend, pM, forming, etc; 

eomp<mkt, constituent; formative; plastic 

m. figured agate, 
m. sculptor. 
BBdhanecfci^t, BUdhauerieim, m. badigeon. 

,rmor, m, statuary marble. 
bildlicli,;^&p2rative; typical* 
lilPtlfiils,^ a. amorphous. 
l^^mmrmar, m. figured marble, 
"•.anis, n. image, picture, liksnesa. 
Inam, a. plastic; fieadble, ductile, 
dsamkeit, /. plastidty; tedbHity. 
^(Awk, a. most beautiful. 
9techcr, m. engraver, 
^ebi, m. figure stone, agalmatdite. 
.oinc /. formtttion; diape; struetaM; er- 
.^mizaticm; education, cultura. 
Hmgaenergie, /. energy of f ormatiMi. 
<idiiiig8tfeidimig, /. equation of formation; 
structural equatioil^ i 

RIMnngowirme, /. heat ci formation. 

radnngaweiae, /. mode of formation. 

Bfldwerk, i». sculpture, carving. 

BiDard, n. billiards; billiard-table 

BiUet, n. ticket; note. 

billig, a. cheap; equitable 

bilUgea, v.*. approve of. 

Bilsen-. henbane. 

Bilsenkraut, n. henbane, hyoscyamus. 

bimsen« v.L rub with pumice stone, pumiee. 

ffimsstein, Bhnstein, m. pumice atone, 

bimssteinartig, a. pumiceous. 
bin, pr. 1 sing, of aein. 
binkr, a. binary. 

Binde,/. band; bandage; ligature; necktie. 
ffindegewebe, /. contractive tissue. 
Blnde^ed, n. connecting member or link. 
Bindehant, /. conjunctiva. 
Bindekraft, /. combining power; binding p^wer 

(of cements). 
randemtttel, n. binding agent or material; 

cement, agglutinant, medium. 
binden, vA, bind; fix, combine, unite; tie, tie up; 

constrain. — v.i. hind; combine; hMden, set 

(of cement, etc). — gebnnden, pM, bound, 

combined, etc — gebnndene Wiirme, latent 

Blndestrich, M. hyphen. 
BIndeton, m. baU day. 
Bindeverm^en, n. binding power; (of days)^,^^^^ 

Btndeselt, /. {CemenO setting time 
BIndfaden, m. string, packthread. ^.-'^ 

Bindung, /. binding, etc (see bin.^a^ vJ, A 

v.i.); combination, union, linkage; bond, 
bindnngaisomer, a. shon^g isomeriam due to 

different modes <^ union of the atoms (acHoe- 

times merdy to different podtions of a double 

Blndongsmlttei, n. «=Bindemittd. 
Bindnngswirme, /. heat of combination. 
Bindnngsweiae, /. mode of union, 
binnen, prep, within. 
BInnen-. internal, inner, inside, inland. 
Binnendmck, 7n. internal pressure. 
BInnenhandel, m. d<«iestic trade. 
Binnenstener, /. internal revenue. ' 

Binae, /r rush. 
Bloehemie, /. biochemistry. 
hlofh»mtarh, a. biochemieaL 
Blolog, m. biologist. 
blolo^sch, a. biologicaL 
birgt, pr. S sing, of bergen. 
Birke, /. birch. 
birken, o. birA« Irirdien. 
Birkenrindenttl, n, oil of betula, oil of sweet 

Birne, /. pear; pearnshaped object;, 

{MetaL) coaymim; {EUe.) bulb. 


bimenfomiiK 42 

bimfSmiiC, MhieiifSnnig, a. pearndiaped, 

Birmnost* m. pear jtiioe, (new) perry. 
Bimfil, n. pear oil. 
Bfa'nw^ii, m. perry. 
birst, pr. t & 3 ting, of bersten. 
Ms, prep, tin, until, up to.~~<onj. till, untQ. 
Bisam, m. musk. 
Msamartig, a. musky. 
Ksdiof, m. bishop. 
Usher, ado. hitherto, as yet. 
bf ss, pret. of beissen. 
Mss, m. bite; sting. 
bisschen, n. bit, little bit. 
Rssen, tn. morsel, bit; (Med.) bolus. 
Bistum, n. episcopate. 
bisweilen, ado. sometimes, occasionally. 
Bitte, /. request, prayer. 
bitten, vA. ask, beg, invite. 
Blt<E«rerde, /. magnesia. 
Bitterkalk, Bitterkalkspat, m. dolomite. 
Ktterklee, m.'buck bean (Menyanthes). 
Bitterkleesalz, n. oxalic add. 
bitterlos, a. free from bitterness. 
Bittermandel, /. bitter almond. ' 
Bittermandelgeist, m. spirit (or essence) of 

bitter almond. 
Bittermandeldl, n. oil of bitter almond, benzal- 

. dehyde; (ktlnstliches) nitrobenzene. 
Bittermittel, n. bitter. 

Bittersalz, n. Epsom salt (magnerium sulfate). 
mtters&ore, /. picric add. 
Bitterspat, m. magnesite; sometimes, 

BitterstMu m. nephrite; saussurite. 
Bittnstoff, m. bitter prindple. 
Ktterstiss, n. bittersweet. 
Bltterwasser, n. bitter wat^ (containing Epsom 

salt); (Pharm.) bitter-almond water. 
Bitterwarzel, /. gentian root. 
bitnminds, a. bituminous. 
blilhen, v.<. inflate, swell; cause flatulence. 
BUUisucht, /. flatulence. 
BUUiungsmittel, n. carminative. 
bUUiongstrelbend, p.a. carminative. 
UiAen, v.i, smoke. 
Mamieren, v.t. expose to ridicule. 
blanchieren, v.t, blanch, whiten. 
Blanchissure, /. light spot (due to imperfect 

blank, a. bright, clear, clean, polished; naked, 

bare; white, blank. 
Mankkochen, vU. {Sugar) boil down without 

Mankputzen, v.L polish, scour. 
Blanktran, m. dear, light yellow cod oil. 
Bias-, blast. 

ttasapparat, m. blast apparatus. 
Blasbalg, m. bellows. 
*>IK8clien, n. small bubble, bleb; vedde. 


later v'. .-•■•• 

as -j^-! Do .\ .■: A 

. ita' •»-.'•» 
- a) 


!, /. b* • 

blade .1 ' s -# 
Blase-, r -.!'/.-] -^ 
BlaseL'i ^( : 
blaser . • 

Blase .^ 

Blast neru •!, h. ra< . >-ieij. 
Blaf • • »fti::i»«T, /" ' Uiftli-} *^\* 
Blab^. >J'.-4. r .• ..dd. 
Blasenstein, tn. -. i.^ivry calculus. 
Blasentang, m. bladder wrack {Fwus 

blasenziehend, p.a, blistering, vedcatory. 
Blaseofen, m. blowing furnace; blast furm 
BUiserd,/. (glass) blowing; glass-blowing i 
Blaserohr, n. blowpipe, blast pipe; nozzl< 

Blasetisch, m. blast-lamp table. 
bladg, a. blistery, blistered, vedcul 

Uaslger Knpferstebi, pimple metal. 
Madampe, /. blast lamp. 
Mass, a. pale. 
blassgelb, a. pale yellow. 
btilst, pr. S sing, of blasen. 
Blastisch, m. = Blasetisch. 
Blatt, n. leaf; lamina, lamella, plate, flake; 

(of paper) ; blade; journal, newspaper. 
Bl&ttchen, n. lamina, lamella; small leaf, 

let; slip (of paper). 
bl&ttchenartig, a. lamdliform, laminiform. 
Blftttchenpulver, n. leaf powder. 
Blatteisen, n. sheet iron. 
Blatter, /. blister, pimple; pi. smallpox. 
Blatter, pi. of Blatt. 

Bl&ttererz, n. foliated tdlurium (nagyagif 
bl&tterig, a. leafy, foliated, laminated. 
BItttterkies, m. lamellar pyrites. 

Bi&ttc ■" . : : "- 

^ 1 coal, date coal. 

Matte ilt\ 


Bl&ttf'^ •' v.. \. 


Bl&tt«- . . r ! 

.. .'d tellurium (nagys 

Bliltti^ ' n. • 



ted zeolite (heuland 

Blatt} V •«■ -1, ». 


BUtt» •!'• '. :. -' 


Blattf .'M « U-' . 

gold leaf, gold foi' . 

Blatti r-i. ,1.1'^ 

n, chlorophyl. 

Blatt; *;: - T. 

', (of malt^ etc.) aero- » 

BUtiv i<..\ 



Blatt'^ i.'i. • . ' 

netal; leaf metal. 

bUtli 0. 



Hat " H.f, H >■ «*. 


Mat ■♦. n tin • 

Man H.. h ' 

Erdev blue earth, s ■ 

e'i • .':' •.-. \ii' ■' 

BIf'.i .Tn;-.- /'. t 

e; bbienessi 







BI«n<mmpf<Mi, n. {Cerom.) blueHsmoldng. 
Uandseiierde, /. earthy vivianite. 
Blaaeisei^patv n., maneiBensteiii, m. vivianite; 

(ftuioriger) croddoUte. 
Uaadii* vJL blue; beetle. 
Uaaen,9blftiieii, v.(.blue, dyeblue. — p.t.tum blue. 
Blaaer^ /. indigo dye-house. 
Blaufjurbe, /. blue 6olor; smalt. 
Manfarben^aa, n. smalt. 
Blaiifilrber» m. dyer in blue. 
Bbuisasy n. Blau gas (named from its inventor). 
Blaaliolz, n. logwood. 
BlanholzBpiUie, logwood chips. 
BfamkoU, m. red cabbage. 
Blaiikreius®schofl8» n. ** blue cross " pro- 
jectile or shell. 
Blankape, /. blue vat, specif.* indigo vat. 
MaWV^**, a. bluish. 
Blaiiinttlile» /. smalt mill. 
BfauM^en, m. flowing furnace. 
Blanpanse, /. blue-print tracing. 
Blaaprobe, /. blue test. 
Bhmaalg, n. potassium ferrocyanide. 
Bbmsand, t». coarsest smalt. 
bbuuaiier, a. of or combined with hydrocyanic 
add, cyanide of. — gdbes blausanres Kali, 
potasedum ferrocyanide. — rotes biausaures 
Kali, potase&um ferricyanide. 
fflansilnre, /. hydrocyanic add. 
BiaiiscliSrl, m. cyanite. 

Blanspat, m. lazulite. 

Blaostelii, m. bluestone, blue vitriol; lazulite; 

{MetaL) blue metal, blue matt. 
jimanstich, m. bluish tinge or tint. 

Blaostifl, m. blue pencil. 

Blaustoir, m. ^anogen. 

Blech, n. plate, sheet, dieet metal; foil. — ^weisses 
Blech, tin plate. — schwarxea Bleeh, black 
iron plate. 

Blechbilclise, /. tin can. * 

Uechen, Mechem, a. tin (plate). 

BtechflMclie, /. narrrw-necked tin vessel. 

Btedigef&ss, n. tin ;^ate) vfssel. 

Bleeliluifen, m., Mechkanne, /. tin can. 

Bleelikasiten, m. tin t>ox or case. 

Blechtrichter, t». tin funnel. 

Heehware, /. tinware. 

Rlai, n. lead. 

Bleiantlmonerz, n. zinkenite. 

Bl^aselifs, /. lead dross; lead aah; the gray film 
of omde on lead exposed to air. 

Bleiarbflit, /. lead smdting; plumbing. 

Bleibaiiai* m. lead tree, arbor saturni. 

blefben, v.u remain, stay, last. — ^bleibend, p.a. 
permanent, lasting, durable, stable, (of 
colors)) fast; persist«at. — bldbende Hilrte* 
permanent hardness. ^ 

Bleibljit^ /. mimetite. 

ildch, a^ pale, white. 

Ueichaatttalt, /. bleachery. 


neichbad, tt. bleaching liquor. 

Melche, /. bleaching; bleachery; paleness, 

bleichen, v.U bleach; whiten; blanch.— «.{. lose 

color, fade; turn white or pale. 
Blelcher, vu bleacher. 
BIdcherde, /. fuller's earth. 
Bleicherd, /. bleaching. 
Bldchfass, n. bleaching vat. 
Mdchfleck, m. bleaching stain. 
BidchflUssigkeit, /. bleaching liquor. 
BIdchgut, n. batch of doth for bleaching. 
BldchholUUider, m. {Paper) poaching engine, 

Mdchhiilfsmittel, n. something used to aanst 

bleaching, bleaching assistant. 
Bldchkalk, m. chloride of lime (bleadimg 

Bldchkasten, m. bleaching vat. 
Bieichlange, /. bleaching lye (or liquor). 
Bleiclimlttd, n. bleaching agent, decolorant. 
Bidchprozess, m. bleaching process. 
Bldchpulver, n. bleaching powder. 
BIdchsalz, n. bleaching sdt (chloride of limew 

sodium hypochlorite, etc.). 
BIdchsoda, n. bleaching soda. 
Bldchvorberdtangsmlttd, n. prdiminary 

bleaching assistant. 
Mdchwasser, n.bleachingliquor;chIorine water. 
Bldchwirkung, /. bleaching action or effect. 
Bteichzweck, m. bleaching piirpose(s). 
Bieierde, /. terthy cerussite. 
bleiem, a. lead, leaden; dull, heavy. 
Bleierz, n. lead ore. 
Blelesdg, m. vinegar of lead (aqueous solution 

of lead acetate). 
neiextrakt, m. =>Bldes8ig. 
Mdfahlerz, n. boumosute. 
bleifarben, bleifarbig, a. lead-colored. 
BIdfeder, /. lead pencil. 
Bieiflasche, /. lead bottle. 
BleifoUe, /. lead fofl. 
bleifird, a. free from lead. 
lUdgelb, n. masdcot; lead chromate. 
BleigtessM', m. plumber. 
Bleii^anz, m. lead glance, galoia. 
BIdglas, n. lead g^ass; {Min.) angledte. 
Bldgiasar, /. lead glaze. 
Bldgliitte, /. litharge. 

Bidgllmmer, m. cerussite in micaceous form. 
bidhdtig, containing lead, plumbiferous. 
BIdhomerz, n., BIdhornspat, m. phoegenite. 
Bleikammer, /. lead chamber. 
Bleikonlg, m. lead regulus.* 
Bldlasur, /. linarite. 
Bleilegienmg, /. lead alloy. 
Blellot, n. lead solder; plummet. 
Bleildter, m. lead burner. 
BIdniere, /. bindheimite. 
Blelocher, m. lead ocher. • 





BIcknjrd, n. l«ad oxide, Bpedt.^ Ft»0. 

BMoxjd, minium. 
n«iperox7d* n. lead dioxide, PbOi. 
Bleipllaster, n. lead plaster. 
BMpflaaleraalbe, /. {Phartn.) diaehylon oint^ 

ndrohr, n., BleirSlire, /. lead tube or pipe. 
BleirfistproBeaB, m. lead roasting. 
Bleirot, n. red lead, minium. 
Blelaalbe, /. (Pharm.) eerate of lead subacetate. 
neisalpeter, m. lead nitrate. 
BIcisalz, n. lead salt. 
BlelsamjRiler, m. lead accumulator, lead storage 

Beis&tire, /. plumbic add. 
Biriarhato. /. lead dish. 
Bleispaf, n. oerusslte; (roter) croeoisite. 
BIdapiegd, m. specular galena. 
neistetn, m. iMd matt. 
Bleiatin, m. lead pencil. 
BIciTerhtittang, /. lead smdting. 
Helvltriol, m. lead vitriol, lead sulfate, (Min.) 

Bl^vtfrioiivat, m. anglesite. 
Blciwaaser, n. lead water, Goulard water. 
BIciwelas, n. white lead. 
Bleiwelassalbe, /. lead carbonate ointment. 
Bldzncker, tn. sugar of lead, lead acetate. 
Bleizackersalbe, /. lead acetate ointment. 
Blende, /. blend, glanee (spedf., tane blend, 

ZnS); blind, screen, diaphragm, stop; 

Uenden, vJL bUnd, daode. 
Ueaeln, vA. beat, beetle; blue. 
BUck, 911. look, view, glance; fladi; (Metal.) 

brightening (of molten sQver), fulgurationt 

" bUck." 
blickea* v.u glance, look; shine; (Mefol.) 

brighten, lighten, give the " bliek." 
BUckgold, n. refined gold still containing 

BHffkrilber, n. refined silver. 
blieb, preL of bleiben. 
blies, pref. of blasen. 
bUnd, a. blind; dull, tarnished; false. 
mnddarm, m. caecum. 
BUndhelt, /. blindness. 
bUndlings, adv. blindly, radily. 
bUnken, bllnkem, v.t. gleam, sparUe. 
bllnadn, v.u blink, wink. 
BliU, m. lightning; flash. 
BtttsHdit, n. flash-light. 
BUtxpolver, n. lycopodium. 
BUtzrttlire, /. fulgurite. 
Block, m. block; pig; ingot. 
BockUd, n. pig lead. 
Blockhahn, tn. stopcock. 
Blockmtthle, /. block miO. 
Udde, a. dimndghted: imbecDe; bashful. 
BIdddwn, m. imbedlity, insanity; nonsense. 



bkiM, a. bare, naked, nude; mere, sde. — adv. 

mereiy, only; bardy; nakedly. 
B l Ba o e , /. banoess; imhaired hide, pdt. 
bioadegeii, v.L lay bare, strip. 
UttheB, v.i, bloom, blossom; flourish. 
Bimiie, /. flowen blo<nn, aroma, bouquet, 
blilmen, vJ. flower, figure. 
Blnmenblatt, n. petal. 
Blamengirtner, m. fiorist. 
Blnmenkohl, m. cauliflower. 
Bhunenseitey /. (Leather) hair ade. 
Biumenstanb, m. pollen. 
Blumentee, m. tmp«ial tea. 
Blumentopf, tn. flower pot. 
binmig, a. bloomy, flowery. 
Blut, n. blood. 
Blutader, /. vdn. 

Uutarm, a. bloodless, anemic; very poor. 
Bintbahn, /. bloodvessd. 
Blntbiome, /. arnica; bloodflower (Hrnna?^ 

Blutdmck, m. blood pressure. 
BIttte, /. blossom, flower, bloom. 
Biutegd, m. leech. 
bhiten, v.i. bleed; suffer; (of colors) bleed, 

Bmtenblatt, n. petal. 
Bltttenhttnenblatf, n. sepal. 
Bltttenstaab, m. pdlen. 
Blutfarbe,/. blood color; blood pigment. 
Bntfarbstoir, m. coloring matter of the blood, 

blood pigment. 
BIntfaaerstoff, m. fibrin. 
BIntfleck, Blatffeckea* m. Mood stain. 
Blutf ^^gkdt, /. blood plasma. 
Uv ..'laMM. "^ bloodvessd. 
|j|... j.-.-itf a. Mk-rndthirsty. 

Sta^ K-r^t 

Bltttlauf, v< •" <->M.I V -. < 

(often with adi. 

salz, pot"' .■ f r-,. 
blntleer, a - « 
blntlos, a. 
M«trot» a. 
Blntmhr, J 

•^ or blood- 


^ styptic. 
Hutsncht, . 
Blutwolle, . 

1. .r '. 


.:iing, hjBOkutatie, 

ion of 




BtntwimB. Blntwnnel, /. any of various plaata 
of red Bap or auppoaed blood-«tanclung prop- 
«tieB, specif., bloodroot (either Sanguinarui 
emnadensis m PotentiUa tormetUiUa). 

Bock, m. he-goat, buck; (Bretping) bock beer; 
(Tteh.) tresde, jack, h<»ae; blunder. 

Bockasche, /. coal aehea. 

Bockholx, M. guaiaeum wood, Ui^um-vitaa. 

bockig, bdckig, a, reatstant, raCraotory. 

Bockleder, n. goat leather, kid. 

locknnas,/. aouari nut (fruit of Caryocar). 

S»ck8&iire, /. hirdc acid (now known to be a 

Bockseife, /. mountain soap (kind of day). 

Bockshom, n. fenugreek. 

Boden, m. soil; earth, ground* land; bottom; 
base; floor; loft, garret. 

lodemuiaiyee, /. soil analysis. 

todenart, /. (kind or variety ci) aoSL 

BodenWatt, n. flat bottom. 

Bodenhais, m. neck or tubulation at the 

Bodenhefe, /. grounds, dregs» lees. 

BedeakoUeid, n. soil coUoid. 

BodenkSrper, m. a substance at the bottom of 
a liquid, solid phase; scnl substance. 

Bodennlikrstofl; m. soil nutrient. 

Bodensatz, m. depodt, sediment, dregs, bot- 
toms, foot; {Salt) bitterings. 

Bodenteig, vu underdou^^. 

I Bodemmtersnchnng, /. soil investigation, ex- 
amination of soil. 

Bodenventil, n. bottom valve. 

\p>g* V^ of biegen. 

«e«» m. bow, arc, bend* curve, arch; (£72«c.) 

re; sheet (of paper). 

•enHamme, /. are flame. 

enlampe^ /. arc lamp. 

enlicht, n. arc light. 

enstttcfc, fi. curved piece; {Brewing) letunt 

Je, /. plank. 

ne, /. bean. 

BM^ f J. wax. 

nenkrant, n. sunwiier savory (£Rorf«r«ui 


nerz, Bohnenerz, n. pea ore (oOUtic Umonite) . 

nwachs, n. polishing was. 

nen, vX bore^ drilL 

rtir, m. borer, perforator, gimlet, auger. 

rgat, n. material obtained by boring. 

rtoch, N. borehole, drill hole. 

rmehl, «. boring^ bore dust. 

nsteck, m. boring stock, borer. 

rang, /. boring, bafe. 

i, /. buoy. 

m. <"Bolua. 

»,/. bulb. 

irerk, n. bulwark. 

Bologneser, a. Bolognese, Bologna. 

gneser Flasche, Bologna flask. 
Bolus, m. bole. — ^roter Bolus, reddle. — i 

Birfus, kaolin. 
Bcrfxen, m. bolt; peg, pin; prop. 
Bolxenmutter, /. nut (to a bolt). 
Bolzenschelbe, /. washer (for a bolt). 
Bombe, /. bomb, shell. . 
Bombenrohr, ». bomb tube. 
Bomse, /. {ptram^ support. 
Bonitiemng, /. valuation, appraisemcuL 
Boot, n. boat. 
Bor, n. boron. 

Bor-. boric, boron, boro-, etc 
Borat, n. borate. 

Borilthan, n. borethane, boroetbane. 
Borazhoidg, m. borax honey. 
BoraTkalk, m. calcium borate. 
t Beraxperie, /. borax bead. 
borazsaoer, a. >»bor8auer. 
Bwaxafture, /. boric add. 
Bwaxspat, m. boradte. 
Boraxwefaistein, m. boryl potassium tartrate, 

{Pharm^ tartarus boratus. 
Borazlt, n. boradte. 
Borbutan, n. borobutane. 
Borchlorid, n. boron chloride. 
Bord, m. border, edge, rim; (ship) board. 
Boretsch, m. borage. 
Borflnorwasserstoffsttnre, /., Borfluorwasser- 

stoff, fit., fluoboric add, hydrofluoboric add 

Borg, m. borrowing, credit. 
borgen, tX, borrow; (less often) lend. 
Borium, n. boron. 
Borke, /. bark; crust, scab. 
Bom, m. spring, well; (Sott) salt pit. 
Biwokalzlt, n. borocaldte. 
Borsalbe, /. {Photm^ boric add ointment, 
borsauer, a. of or combined with boric add, 

borate of. 
Bors&nre, /. boric add. 
Borsftureweinstein, m. ^Boraxweinstein. 
Bdrse, /. purse; Exchange. 
Borst, m. burst, crack, fissure. 
Borste, /. bristle. 
bdrate, pref. wl^, of beisten. 
Borstickstoff, m. boron nitride. 
borstig, a. cracked; bristly; surly. 
Borte, /. border, edging; lace. 
Borwaeserstoff, m. boron hydride. 
Borwolframs&nre, /. borotungstic add. 
bSsartig, a. maiignant, wicked. 
BSschung, /. slope, sloping, 
bdse, a. bad, evil; harmful, noxious; sore, 

aching. — bdsea Weaea, epilepsy.- 

Wetter, choke damp, 
boehaft, a. malicious, malignant. 
Boehelt, /. malice, malignity, anger. 
Bosstrwadu, n. maiding wax. 




■i- <-; pi. tidinss. 

< iV. back, vessel. 
;) . ' emperator. 

bol, preL oi • • . 
Botanik./. V ?. 
Botaniker, n . o>>.. m^ 
botanisch, a. -o. :.:..> u. 
Bote, m. mea - !;;<>. 
Botschaft, f, ~t.\ ■ ' ." 
Bdttcher, m, e'> 
Bottich, m. vat . .' 
Bottichkiihler* > < 
' BouteOle, /. bot ' 
brack, pret. of b^et < -4. 
brack, a. f aUow. 
brackte, jwe*. of * -'• i; • ' 
Brack, 9n. refuse. 
bracUs, a. brack! 
Brambeere, /. blac '■ 'y 
Bramme, /. slab (c - • . blr.r.ra. 
Brand, m, buminR, fire; charge (of a kiln or 

oven); blight, smut; gangrene, slough; brand. 
Branderz, n. inflammable ore (as bituminous 

shale, or as idrialite). 
brandfest, a. fireproof. 
Brandfleck. Brandflecken. tn. btim. 
Brandgeschoss, n. incendiary shell. 
Brandgold, n. refined gold. 
Brandgranate, /. incendiary shell. 
Brandbarz, n. empyreumatic resin. 
brandig, a. burnt; blasted; gangrenous. 
brandmarken, v.U brand. 
BrandSle, oils obtained by destructive dis^ 

Brandprobe, /. fire test, fire assay. 
Brandriss, m. fire crack. 

Brandsatz, .tn., Brandaseug, n. valendennes (in- 
cendiary composition). 
Brandschlefer, m. bituminous shale. 
Brandsilber, n. refined silver. 
Brandstein, m. brick. 
Brandstiftnng, /. incendiarism, arson. 
Brandling, /. surf, breaker. 
Brandzieg^, m. firebrick. 
BriUike, /. .= Brenke. 
brannte, pret, of brennen. 
Branntwein, m. spirits (brandy, whisky, etc.). 
Branntweinblase, /. still (for spirits). 
Branntweinbrenner, m. distiller. 
Branntweinbrennerd, /. distillation (of spirits) ; 

Branntw^nh^e, /. alcohol ferment {SaeeHuxro- 

myces cereviaii), 
Branntwdnmixtnr, /. (Pharm.) mixture of 

brandy, brandy ndzture. 
Branntweinprober, m. alcoholometer. 
Branntweinwage, /. alcoholometer. 
branstig, a. of a burnt smell or taste. 
Brasfl, Brasillen, n. Brazil. 
Brasilins&are, /. brasilinic acid. 
BrasikAiire, /. bracdlic add. 
BramwidinriiHre, /. brassidic add. 

Asslnflllare, /. brassie add (erudc add). 



brilt, pr, S aing. of braten. 
braten, vjL roast; griU, broO, try, . ■ - 
Braten, m. roast (meat). 1 

BratenlTett, n. drippings. 
Bratfriflcharbeit, /. roasting .1 -d tf-.^-Ji 
Bran, Briia, m. brew, quanii'^y i;<>\.<. I 

time; malt liquor. 
Branborsch, m. brewery jou'-neymnn. 
Branch, m. custom, usage. 
braachbar, a. useful, 8ervloe.'>.''*le. 
brauchen, v.t. use; want, ne^xl. 
Braae, /. (eye)brow. 
branen, v.t. & i. brew. 
Braner, m. brewer. 
Branerei, /. brewing; brew* 
Braueriack, m. brewer's var.- . a. 
Braahans, Br&ahans, n. b- '• y. 
Braukeasel, m. {BreunrtQ) '-■ <:opr- 

Braumeister, m, master bi < 
braun, a. brown; bay (hoi .. iwk tp' 

branner Glaskopf, limo ' 
Braonbleierz, n. pyromor < 
Br&one,/. quinsy; angina, — ,...-. v .-u 
Braiineisensteln, m., Brauneisenerz, n. brown 

iron ore, limonite. 
Braunelle, /. = Brunelle. 
brttunen, v,t. brown, dye brown; bronze. 
Brannerz, n. limonite. 
Braonheil, n. = Brunelle. 
Braunholz, n. logwood. 
Braunkalk, m. dolomite. 
Braonkohle, /. brown coal, lig^nite. 
Braunkriliisen, (Brewing) tuzzy heads. 
Braunrot, n. colcothar; Indian red. 
Braunschliir, m. (Paper) steamed xnechanica 

Braunschweig, n. Brunswick. 
Braunspttne, logwood shavings. I 

Braonspat, m. dolomite. 
Braonstein, m. pyrolusite (MnOs). — rote 

Braunstdn, rhodochrosite. — schwarze 

Braunstein, hausmannite. 
Bramistebirahm, Brannsteinschaiiin» m. bo| 

manganese, wad. 
Brauntran, m, (Leather) blubber, thick cod oU 
Branpfanne, /. a Braukessel. 
Branse, /. effervescence; sprinkler, rose, sprin 

Brausebad, n. shower bath. 
BraaseUthiumdtrat, n. (Pkarm., effervescen 

lithium dtrate. 
Brausemischung, /. effervesdng mixture, 
brauaen, v.t. effervesce, froth; roar; buzz. 
Brausepiilver, n. effervesdng powder. 
Brausewein, m, sparkling wine. 
Braut, /. bride, betrothed. 
Brttntigam, m. bridegroom. 
Braawaaser, n. (Bretving) liquor. 
Brauwesen, n. brewing business. 
brav, a. brave, gallant, good. 





Ikechannei, /. emetie. 

hltackeii, /.p{. crusher jaws. 

echlMur, a. refrangible; breakable, brittle, 
ibarkeit,/. ref rangibility,etc. (see brechbar) . 

echbohne, /. kidney bean (Phaseolus 'inUgarut) . 
leisen, n. crowbar, 
^ehen, v,t. break; refract; mine, quarry; cruah, 

pulverize; vomit; pluck; fold; blend (colors) ; 

boQ o£F (silk). — v.i. break; creaae, crinkle; 

(of dye baths) change, decompose. — gebro- 

dien, p.a. broken, etc.; fractional; crooked. 

bent; worn out; ruined. 
kedienerregend, a. emetic 
kcchhaofen, m. {Brewing) broken piece, 
leehkdmer, castor beans. 
ledunitt^ n. emetic. 

ledumss, /. nux vomica. 

nchstange, /. crowbar, pinch bar. 

eehong, /. breaking, etc (see brechen); 

(Physics) refraction. 

lechongsebene, /. (PpHes) plane of refraction. 

fechangsezponent, m. refractive index. 

Kchongsyerhjlltnis, n. refractive index. 

fichangsvenndgen, n. refractive power. 

eehangswinkd, m. ang^e of refraction. 

echwalzwerk, n. crushing rolls (or rollers). 

echwein, m. (Pharm.) wine of antimony, anti- 

iDonial wine. 

echweinst^n, m. tartar emetic. 

Mhwerk, n. crusher.' 
kchwurzel, /. ipecacuanha, ipecac, 
bi, m. (something of porridgelike consts- 

teaey) pulp, mash, paste; magma; porridge, 
[pap; {Ceram.) slip. 

wtig, brdig, a. pulpy, pappy, pasty. 
^ a. broad, wide; flat. 
Nie, /. breadth, width; latitude. 
Nen, v.t. spread, extend, flatten, 
nitleder, n. acie leather. 
Nimschlag, m. poultice, cataplasm. 

fca. Bremen. 
/. brake; gadfly. 

^ctkas, n. fine East-Indian tin. 

^i^e, /. {Bretoirtg) yeast tub. 

Iteaaapparat, m. distiUing apparatus, still; 
Cfandins machine. 

^reonarbeit, /. fire assaying. 

^onbar, a. combustible, burnable. — brenn- 

[ We Liilt, hydrogen (old name). 

manbarkeit* /. combustibility. 

Nnnblase, /. alembic, still. 
tancylinder, m. (Pharm.) moxa. 
iCBnen* v,L bum; calcine, roast; distil; fire, 
^ake; anneal; char; scald; cauterize; brand; 
corl (hair).— v.t. bum; smarts — ^brennend, 
H. burning; caustic; , pungent; ardent. — 
fcbrannt* p.a. 'burnt, calcined, etc — ge- 
krannte Erde, terra cotta. — gebrannte 
Magnesia, magnesia usta (Mg^). — gebrann- 
k Wasser, distilled liquor. 

Bremier, m. burner; distiller; brickmaker; lime 

Brennerei, /. distillery. 
Brennessel,/. (stinging) nettle ( Urtiea). 
Brenngas, n. combustible gas, fuel gas. 
Brenngiaa, n. burning glass. 
Brennhelm, m. still head. 
Brennholz, n. firewood. 
Brennkapsd, /. sagger. 
Brennkolbeii, m. distilling flask, alembic. 
Brennmaterial, n. combustible matoial, fuel. 
Brennofen, m. burning oven, baking oven, 

kiln, furnace, roasting furnace, calcining 

furnace, etc 
Brennttl, n. burning oil. 
Brennponkt, m. focal point, focus, 
l^ennschwindang, /. (jCeram.) shrinkage in 

Brennsilber, n. amalgam for silvering. 
Brennwtahl, m. blister steei. 
Brennstoff, m. fuel, combustible; (Old Chem.) 

Brennstonde, /. lamp hour. 
Brennweite, /. focal distance, focal length. 
Brennwert, m. fuel value, calorific value. 
Brenndegel, m. firebrick; fuel briquet. 
Brennzylinder, m. =Brenncylinder. 
Brenz, n. empyreuma, combustible 
Brenz-. pyro-. 

Brenzapfels&ore, /. maleic acid. 
Brenzcain, n. {Pharm.) pyrocain. 
Brenzcatechin, n. pyrocatechol, pyrocatechin. 
Brenzessigftther, BrenzessiggMSt, m. acetone. 
BrenzgallussAore, /. pyrogallic add. 
Brenzharz, n. =Brandharz. 
brenzUch, brenzUg, a. empyreumatic, tarry. — 

brenzUge S&uren, pyro acids. 
Brenz5l, n. empyreumatic oil. 
Brenzsfture, /. pyro add. 
Brenzschlelms&ure, /. pyromudc add. 
Brenzterebinsilure,/. pyroterebie add. 
Brenztraubenalkohol, m. pyroracemic alcohoL 
Brenztraubensaure, /. pyroracemic add, 
Brenzweins&ure, /. pyrotartaric add. 
Brett, n. board, plank; shelf; office, 
brettern, a, of boards, boarded. 
Brettmiihle;, /. sawmill. 
Brezel, /. cracknel. 
bricht, pr. S sing, of brechen. 
Brief, m. letter; paper, packet. 
Briefchen, n. note. 
Briefgeld, n. postage. 

brieflich, a. written. — adv. by letter, in writing. 
Briefmarke, /. postage stamp. 
Briefpapier, n. writing paper. 
Briefschaften, writings, papers. 
Briefstempel, m. postmark. 
Brieftisch, m. desk. 
Briefumschlag, m. envelope, wrapper. 
Briefwechsel, m. correspondence. 




urifltf pfiim of bntoBa 

Brikett, n. briquet, briquette. 

Brinantgdb, n. brilliant yellow. 

Brillantcrllii, n. brilliant green. 

Brille, /. speetades, eyeglaasee. 

BriHenglas, n. spectade glass. 

bringen, vJ, bring; carry, take, put. 

Briaans, /. shattering power. 

Brise, /. breeze. 

brttckeUg, a. brittle, friable, fragfle. 

brdckrin, ».<. crumble. 

brocken, vJ. crumble, break up. 

Brocken, m. lump, fn^ment; crumb. 

Brockenglaa, n. broken glass, cuilet. 

brtfckUg, a. «brOckelig. 

Brod, n. =Brot. 

brodelii, v.i. bubble. 

Brodem, m. vapor, steam; (Jdining) foul air. 

Brokat, m. brocade. 

Brom, n. bromine. 

Brom«. of or combined with bromine; bromo- 

. (as Brombemoeadure, bromobenzoic add); 
bromide of (as Bromharium, barium bromide). 

ftwmanunoniain, n. ammonium bromide. 

Bromantfanon, n. antimony bromide. 

Bromarseii, n. arsenic bromide. 

fttmiftther, m. ethyl bromide. 

Bromftthyl, n. ethyl bromide. 

Bromftthylen, n. ethylene bromide. 

Brombeere, /. blackberry. 

Bromcyan, n. cyanogen bromide, bromocyano- 

Bromeisen, n. iron bromide. 

Bromflasche, /. bromine bottle. 

Bromflnor, n. bromine fluoride. 

Bromgoldkaiium, n. potassium auribromide, 
potassium bromaurate. 

BrtMnhydrat, n. hydrobromide; bromine hy- 

Bromld, ». bromide (espedaUy an -ic bromide, 
as contrasted with BromQr). 

bromleren, oJ. brominate. 

Bromierung, /. bromination. 

Bromkaiiom, n. potassium bromide. 

Bromkalzium, n. caldum bromide. 

Bromkampher, m. bromocamphor, iPkarm.) 
monobromated camphor. 

Bromkupfer, n. copper bromide. 

Bromlauge, /. bromine lye (solution of sodium 
hypobromite and bromide made by passing 
bromine into sodium hydroxide solution). 

BromlitUnm, n. lithium bromide. 

Brommagnesiam, n. magnesium bromide. 

-Brommetall, n. metallic bromide. 

Bromnatrium, n. sodium bromide. 

Bromphosphor, m. phosphorus bromide. 

Bromradlom, n. radium bromide. 

Iwomsaner, a. of or combined with bromic add, 
bromate of. 

Bromsllnre, /. bromic add. 

BromMihwefidt m. sulfur bromide. 
Bromsilber, n. sflver bromide. 
BromsHiaiam, n. silicon bromide. 
Bromspat, n. bromyrite (AgBr). 
BromUb^trilger, m. bromine carrier. 
Bromttr, n. (-ous) bromide. (Used for a mi 

in its lower ralence, as EiaenbromUr, ferr 

Bromwasser, n. bromine water. 
Bromwasserstoff, m. hydrogen bromide; hyc 

bromic add. 
bromwasserstoffsaner, a. of or combined ^ 

hydrobromic add, (usually) hydrobrora 

Bromwasserstoflirtiire, /. hydrobromic ad^. 
Bromwismnt, m. & n, bismuth bromide. ;, 
Bromzahl, /. bromine number. 
Bronudnk, n. dnc bromide. 
Bromzinii, tt. tin bromide. 
Bronce, /. bronze. 
Bronzefarbe, /. bronze color, 
bronzieren, v.t. bronze. 
Brosam, Brosame, /. crumb, scrap. 
BrSschen, n. sweetbread, 
broschleren, vM stitch, sew, work; bind 

paper cover. 
Broochfire, /. stitdied (but unbound) boo 

Brot, n. bread; loaf. 
Brotbacken, n. bread baking. 
Brdtchen, n. roll. 

Brotgeschmack, n. (Bretoing) steam taste. 
Brofherr, m. employer. 
Brotkom, n. breadstuff. 
brotios, a. imemployed, unprofitable. 
Brotmasse, /. breadstuff. 
Brotrafflnade, /. loaf sugar. 
Brotzucker, m. loaf sugar. 
Brown'sche Bewegong, Brownian movemeni 
Bruch, m. fracture; fraction; break, breakii 

breach, crack, deft; fold, crease, wrink 

crimp; quarry; fragments, scrap; ruptu 

(Med.) hernia. 
Bmchblei, n. scrap lead. 
Brnchdehnnng, /. breaking tension; stretch ( 

Brucheisen, n. scrap iron. 
bmchfest, a. resisting breakage. 
Bmchfliiche, /. surface of fracture. 
Bmchgewicht, n. fractional weight. 
Bmchtfas, n. broken glass, cuilet. 
Bnichgramm, n. fraction of a gram. 
briichig, a. brittie, short; friable; fragile; full i 

cracks; (Geol.) dastic, fragmental. — briichl 

werden (of fabrics) tender. 
Bmchmetall, n. broken metal, scrap metal. 
Brachstein, m. quarry stone. 
Bracbstilck, n. fragment, shred. 
Bmchtefl, m, fraction. 
Brttcke, /. bridge. 


^--y— ■■ 

"ia«tk<''aitiini"' x ■•*«•■ 


«r^-^ Vt (tlUd^i^^^ 

^■7^•'^-;^ '. 'i-ff i-7« 


Bruekensanerstoir, m. bridging oxygen, con- 
necting oxygen. 

Brackenwage, /. platform balance. 

Brader, m. brother; friar. 

Brohe, /. soupy liquid, liquor; broth, soup; 
gravy, sauce; {Dyeing) liquor, bath; (Leather) 
juice, liquor, drench, ooze; (Tobaeeo) sauce. 

brflhen, o.L scald, treat with hot water; scour. 

briihh^ss. a. scalding hot. 

Brahmesser, m. (Leather) barkometer. 

briillen, v.t. roar, bdlow, howl. 

faramineii* v,i. hum, buzz, low, growl; grumble. 

Bnmelle, /. sdf-hefd (PruneUa tuigaris), 

bmnieren, briinieren, v4, burnish, polish; 
brown.^-r.t. turn brown. 

Brfini^rstein, m. burnishing stone; bloodstone. 

Bniimen, m. wdl, spring; fountain; (mineral) 

Bnannenflasdie, /. mineral-water bottle; siphon 

Bmnnenkresse, /. watercress. 

Brannensalz, n. well salt, brine salt. 

hrfinstig, a. ardent; fervent; in heat. 
St, /. breast, chest; brisket. 
t-. of the chest; thoracic; pectoral, 
ostangst, /. angina pectoris. 
tbeere, /. jxijube, zizyphus. 
tdrilse, /. mammary gland, 
ttsten, v.r. plume oneself. 
tfell, n. pleura. 

Bnistfellentztindang, /. pleurisy. 

fanstfieber, n. bronchitis. 

Brastgantf, m. thoracic duct. 

Brnstkasten, Bmstkorb, m, thorax. 

Brnstkramirf', m. asthma. 

Bnistpulver, n. pectoral powder, specif., com- 
pound licorice powder. 

kriBtreinigend, p.a. expectorant. 

Bristang, /. parapet, breast wall. 

lU, /. brood, hatch; brooding, hatching. 

Ikiteny r.t.. brood, hatch, incubate. 

Intkafiten, Bmtofen, Bmtschrank, m. incu- 

kitto, a. & adv. gross. 

Ihtttoformel, /. a formula indicating merely the 
number of atoms of each kind, and not their 
mode of union, an empirical molecular 
formula (e.g~. CsHs). 

ihrtto^ewleht, n. gross weight. 
, m. boy; knave. 

Iibonenpest, /. bubonic plague. 
CO-, buchu. 

bl&tter, (Pharm.) buchu. 
:h, n. book; quire. 
hdmcker, m. printer. 
hdmckerei, /. printing establishm^it, press; 

licli€liiickerschwttne» /. printer's ink. 

fcehe* /. beech. 

Bkchecker, /. beechnut. 



Bachel, /. beisehnut. 

bnehen, bttehen, a. beechen, of beech. 

Buchenliolz, it. beechwood. 

Buchenrinde, /. beech bark. 

Buchfiihren, n. bookkeeping. 

Buchgold, n. leaf gold. 

Buchhalter, m. bookkeeper, accoimtant. 

Buchhilndler, m. bookseller; publisher. 

Buchnass, /. beechnut. 

Buchsbaum, m, box-tree. 

Bnchse, Biichae, /. box, chest, case, can, pot; 

rifle; (Maeh.) bush, box, socket. 
Biichsenfleisch, n. canned meat, tinned meat. 
bttchsenf tfrmig, a. box-shaped. 
BUchsengemttse, n. canned vegetables. 
Biichsenmacher, m. gunsmith. 
Buchsenmetall, Biidlu9eBmetall, n. bush metal, 

bearing metal. 
Bfichsenmtthle, /. barrel null. 
Btfchsenpulrer, n. rifle powder. 
BUchsenschuss, m. gunshot. 
Buchstabe, m. letter; character; type. 
Buchstabenrechnnng, /. algebra. 
buchstabieren, vJ, spell. 
buchstftblich, a. literal. 
Bacht, /. bay, inlet; sinus. 
Buchweizen, m. buckwheat. 
Bucket, m. hump; knob; knot. 
biicken, v.r. stoop. 
Biickling, m. red herring,, bloater. 
Bucko-, Bucku-. buchu. 
Bade, /. booth, stall, shop. 
BttflT^, m. buffalo. 

Bug, m. bend, bow; bow (of a boat). 
BUgel, m. bow (any curved piece of metal, 

wood, or the like); hoop; g^uard, frame; 

handle (of a pail, etc.). 
bttgelecht, a. fast to ironing. 
Bttgeleisen, n. flatiron. 
biigeln, v.t. iron. 

BUhne, /. platform, scaffold; stage, theater. 
buk, pret. of backen. 
bttken, v.t, = beuchen. 
Bukett, n. bouquet. 
Bukko-, Bukku-. buchu. 
bummein, v.u loaf, stroll about. 
Bund, n. bundle, bunch. 
Bund, m. band, tie; alliance. 
Biindel, n. bundle, bimch; parcel, packet. 
Bundesrat, m. federal council. 
Bundestag, m. federal diet. 
biindig, a. flush; valid; concise. 
Bttndnis, n. alliance. 
Bundstahl, m. fagot steel. 
Bunsenbrenner, m. Bunsen burner. 
bunt, a. variegated, many-colored, motley; 

mottled, speckled; colored; gay, fancy, 

Buntdruck, m. color printing; color print. 
bontf&rben, o.<.' stain. 



iMmtftfliic, a. variegated. 

Buntkiipfieren* n., BanUoKfieM^a, m. bomite. 

Bantpaplcr» n. stained paper; marUed paper. 

Bttrde, /. burden, load, diarge. 

Barean, n. office; bureau. 

Bttrettenbiirate, /. burette brush. 

Bttrettcngeatdl* n. burette stand. 

Bibrettenhalter, m. burette holdo*. 

Bftrettenklemme, /. burette damp. 

Bfirettonachwimmer, m. burette float. 

Burg, /. castle, strongh<dd. 

biirge, pret, subj. of bergen. 

bfirgen, v.t. give bail; vouch. 

Bflrger, m. citizen; townsman; civilian. 

Bfirgerkrieg, m. dvil war. 

bargerlich, a. dvil; common; dvilian. 

Bfirgermeister, m. mayor, burgomaster. 

Bilrgerstand, m. dtizenry; middle dass. 

Bttrgerateig, m. sidewalk. 

BargBchafl, /. security, baiL 

Bargander, m. Burgundy (wine). 

Barganderharz, n. Burgundy pitch. 

Bnrache, m. fdlow; lad; servant; student. 

Bttrste, /. brush. 

Bosch, m. bush; copse; tuft. 

Bttschel, m. tuft, bundi, duster; (£7Iee.) brush. 

bttschdfUrmig, a. tuft-like, dustered. 

Bnsen, m. bosom, breast; bay. 

Bii8Be» /. penance, fine, peaalty. 


wJL atone for, make good, 
hiiwafw ilg, a. penitent, repentant. 
BMste,/. bust. 
Botan, n. butane. 

Butte, B«tte, /. tub, vat, back, tank, chest. 
Bitttel, m, beadle; baOifl, 
bfittengeflrbC, p.a. unbleached (paper). 
Bttttenpapier, n. vat paper, handmade paper. 
Butter-, butter; butyric, butyryl, butyro-. 
bntteriihnHch, bntterartlg, a. buttery, buty* 

Bntiff rimani , lit. shea tree. 
BatterUome, /. buttercup. 
BntterfaoB, n. dium. 
Bntterfett, n. butter fat; butyrin. 
Bntterginmg, /. butyric fermentation. 
batterig, a. buttery. 
Battermflch, /. buttermilk. 
bottem, vJL dram; butter.— -«.t. yidd butter. 
Battemnsa, /. butternut. 
Batterprflfer, m. butter tester. 
bntteraaner, a. of or combined with butyrii 

add, butyrate of. 
Bnttensdlnre, /. butyric add. 
BatterslUireftther, m. ethyl butyrate; pi 

butsrric esters. 
bxgl., abbrev. (bestiglich) respecting. 
Bzl., obbrer. (Benzol) benzene. <* 
bzw., iMnw, (beziehungsweiae) reqieetively, oi 


C, a6&rev. of Chemiaehes Zentndblatt. 

au, aJbibrev. (drca, zirka) about. 

GidMNi, n. catechu. 

adioaticreii, vd. dye with catechu or cutch. 

GMfaninm-. see Kadmium-. 

Caincas&iire, /. cahindc add. 

Ciincawiincl, /. cahinca (root). 

Ciindn, n. cahtndn. 

C^emitceiBt, m. spirit of cajuput. 

aldniereii, vA. calcine. 

Cilciiunliydriir, n. calduxn hydride (CaHJO* 

Cildiiinjodid* n. calduxn iodide. 

CaUsayarinde, /. caliaaya bark. 

aiorimetrisch, a. calorimetric. 

cimentieren. » oementieren. 

Cunpane, /. bdl jar. 

Campecheholz, n. logwood. 

Cuaphana&iire, /. camphanic add. 

Cttnpher, m. camphor. (For compounds see 

<inadiwrli, a. Canadian. 

Cmtharinrtliirc, /. cantharidic add. 

Omtharsiliire, /. cantharic add. 

doutachnk, m. caoutchouc. 

Cbpelle, etc » Kapelle, etc. 

e^pfllar, etc — kapillar, etc 

(ViMau, n. Capri blue. 

(^rinaiiiire, /. caprie add. 

Q^ranaiUire, /. caproic add. 

Chpryliriliire, /. caprylic add. 

Ciisel, etc » Kapsel, etc. 

avbamiiuHiiier, a. of or combined with car- 
bamic add, carbamate of. 

I Otrbaminsi&iire, /. carbamic add. 

I Ckrbanilailiire, /. carbanilic add. 

Girbidkolile, /. carbide carbon, 

CMbocydisch, a. carbocydic. 

CWbol-. carbolic, carbolized, carbolated. 

Cvbolkalk, fi. carbolated lime. 

Cvbolsalbe, /. iPharm,) ointment of phenol. 

Ckrbolidliire, /. carbolic add. 

ttbotedhwdTdaaner, a. iPharm.) of or com- 
bined withsulfocarbolic add.sulfocarbolateof. 

CirbolsehwefelAiire, /. iPharm.) sulfocarbolic 
add^Bulphophenic add (p-phenolsulf onie add) . 

CMnilseife, /. carbolic soap. 

Cbrbolsnlfoaftiire,/. « Carbolachwefdsfture. 

OkiMilwacNMr, «. aqueous solution of phenol. 

Cirboiiat» n. carbonate. 

Carbonatioii, n. carbonate ion. 

earbonlereii* vd. carbonate. 

Carbonisation, /. carbonisation; earbonation. 

carbonisiereii, 9.<. carbonize; carbonate. 

Carboniaierflttsaigkdt, /. carbonizing liquor. 

Carbonafture,/. carboxylic add (a general term). 

-carbonaftbre, /. -carboxylic add. 

Carbonylsaaerstoff, m. carbonyl oxygen. 

carbo^kllsch, a. carbocydic 

Carburateor, m. carburetor. 

carbnrieren, vJt, carburet, carburize. 

Ourmin, etc. = Karmin, etc 

Camaabasftnre, /. camaubic add. 

Carream n. check, square. 

QUdam, n. oedum. 

QUdunalaun, m, cedum alum. 

CiUdumverbindang, /. cedum compound. 

Cassawast&rke, /. tapioca. 

Cassienrinde, /. cassia bark. 

CastilUaner Seife, castile soap. 

Catech-. See Katech-. 

Cathartinsilare, /. cathartic add. 

Cantel, /. precaution. 

Cantschuk, m, *» Kautschuk. 

cbcm., abib^et, cubic centimeter, cc. 

Ceder, /. cedar. 

CedratM, n. dtron oiL 

CedroSI, n. dtron oil. 

Cement, cementteren, etc ■■ Zement, zemen- 

tieren, etc 
cenderen, vJL criticize. 
Censor, /. censorship; report. 
Cent-. See Zent-. 
Cer, n. cerium. 
Cerat, n. cerate. 
CeredUen, pL cereals. 
Ceri-. oeric 

Cerioxyd, ft. eerie oxide. 
Cero-. oerous. 

Cerottns&nre, /. oerotic add. 
Ceroverblndung, /. oerous compound. 
Chagrin, m. shagreen. 
ChamiUeon, n. chamdeon; ehamdeon mineral 

(potasdum manganate). 
ChamUeonlteang, /. potasdum permanganate 

Chamotte, etc « Schamotte, etc. 
Champagner, m. champagne. 
dian^erend, a. changeable, shot (fabrios). 







Chappeseide, /. spun silk. 

charakterisiereii, vX, characterize. 

chargieren, v.i. charge. 

Charpie, /. lint. 

Chanssed, /. highway. 

Chef, m. chief, head, principal. 

Chemie, /. chemistry. 

Chemikalien, n.p2. chemicals. 

Chemiker, m. chemist. 

Chemikerst^e, /. position of chemist. 

ebemisch, a. chemical. — ado. chemically. 

Chemischblau, n. chemie blue (indigo extract). 

Chemischfl^elb, n. patent yellow, Cassel yellow 

(lead oxychloride). 
Chemischgriin, n. sap green. 
Chemischrot, n. Venetian red. 
ehemischrein, a. chemically pure. 
Chemismns, m. chemism. 
-Chen, little, small, -kin, -let. 
ChesterkMse, m. Cheshire cheese. 
Chiffer, Chiffre* /. cipher. 
chilenisch, a. Chilean. 
Chin-, quin- (as in Chinin, Chinidin, etc.). 
Cliina, /. cinchona, Peruvian bark. 
Chinaalkaloid, n. cinchona alkaloid. 
Chinabasen, /.pi. cinchona bases, quinine bases. 
Chinaeisenwein, m. {,Pharm.) bitter wine of iron. 
Chinagerbskure, /. quinotannic acid. 
Cldnaidln, n. quinaldine. 
Chinarinde, /. cinchona bark, Peruvian bark. 
Chinarot, n. cinchona red. 
chinasauer, a. of or combined with qulnic acid, 

quinate of. 
ChfanaiAare, /. quinic acid. 
CmnaaUber, n. China silver (a plated alloy). 
Chinatinktur, /. tinctiu^ of cinchona. 
Cliinatoxin, n. cinchona toxin. 
Cliinawein, m. quinine wine. 
Cliinazcriin, n. quinazoline. 
CliindtMn, n. quindoline. 
Chinen, n. quinene. 
chineflifiM:li, a. Chinese. 
CMneaischgrUn, n. Chinese green, lokao. 
Chinesischrot, n. Chinese red (basic lead 

Chinetnm, n. quinetum. ' 
Chinhydron, n. quinhydrone. 
Clilnidn, n. quinidne. * 

Chlnid, n. quinide. 
Chinidin, n. quinidine. 
diinieren, v.i. weave or print chin6, doud. 
Chinin, n. quinine. 
Cliinineisen, Chlnineisendtrat, n. citrate of 

iron and quinine. 
•Cldninsaare, /. quininic acid. 
CUninwein, m. quinine wine. 
Chinit, n. quinite. 
CUnizarin, n. quinizarin. 
Cliinoidin, n. quinoidine. 
Chinol, n. quinoL 

Chlnolin, n. quinoline. 

Chinoiingelb, n. quinoline yeUow. 

Chin<rfinrot, n. quinoline red. 

Chinolinaiiare, /. quinoUnic add. 

Cliinon, n. quinone. 

Cldnopyridin, n. quinopyridine. 

Chinotropin, n. quinotropin. 

Cliinovabitter, n. quinova bitter (quinovin). 

Cliinovin, n. quinovin. 

Chlnovose, /. quinovose. 

Cliinoxalin, n. quinoxaline. 

Cliinojrl, n. quinoyl. 

Cliinadidin, n. quinudidine. 

Chiretta, /. chirata. 

Chirorg, m. siirgeon. 

Chirurgie, /. surgery. 

Clilf., a&6re9. of Chloroform. 

Clilor, n. chlorine. 

Cblw-. of or combined with chlorine, chlor 

(as ChXorbernzoezauret chlorobenzoic adc 

chloride of (as Chlorzinkf zinc chloride). 
Chloralnmininm, n. aluminium chloride. 
Clilorammonium, n. ammonium chloride. 
Cbloramyl, n. amyl chloride. 
Chlorarsenik, n. chloride of arsenic. 
Chlorarsenilddsung, /. {Pharm.) solution of i 

senious add, hydrochloric solution of arseni 
Chlorat, n. chlorate. 

Ctilorftthyl, n. ethyl chloride, chloroethane. 
Chlorftthyliden, n. ethylidene chloride. 
Chloration, /. chlorination; chlorate ion. 
Chlorbarium, Chlorbarjmm, n. barium chlorii 
Chlorbenzol, n. chlorobenzene. 
Chlorbenzyl, n. benzyl chloride. 
Chlorblei, n. lead chloride. 
Cldorbleiche, /. chlorine bleaching. 
Clilorbleispat, m. phosgenite. 
Clilorbrom, n. bromine chloride. 
Chlorbromsilber, n. embolite. 
Clilorcaldum, n. caldum chloride. 
Chlorcaldumrohr, n., -rohre, /. caldum chlori 

Clilorchrom, n. chromium chloride, sped 

chromic chloride. 
Cldorchroms&ure, /. chlorochromic acid. 
Chlorcyan, n. cyanogen chloride. 
chlorecht, a. fast to chlorine. 
CUoreisen, n. iron chloride, spedf., fen 

chloren, v.t. chlore, chlorinate; (Bleaching) g* 
Chlorentwiclder, m. chlorine generator. 
Cldorentwicldung, /. evolution or generation 

Chloressig^nre, /. chloroacetic acid. 
Chlorgas, n. chlorine gas. 
Chlorgold, n. gold chloride, specif., aui 

Chlorgoldnatrimn, n. sodium chloraurate. 
chlorhaltig, a. containing chlorine. 
Clilorhydrat, «. hydrochloride; chlorine hydrat 





jCUoridy n. chloride (esp. an ^ic chloride, as 

I contrasted iwith Chlorilr). 

'(Uorieren, v.t, chlorinate; (Bleaching) chemick. 

Chlorierer, m. chlorinator. 

Cbloriemntf* /• chlorination. 

cUorig, a. cUorous.' — chloride Saure, chlorous 

tUorigsauer, a, of or combined with chlorous 

add, chlorite of. 
[CUorigsaiire, /. chlorous add. 
Chlorion, n. chlorine ion. 
CUorit, n. chlorite. 
CUoritspat, m. spathic chlorite, foliated 

Chiorjod, n. iodine chloride, specif., iodine 

CUorkali, n. chloride of potash (potassium 

hypochlorite); potassiimi chloride. 
ddorkaiadsung, /. (Pharm.) solution of chlor- 
inated potassa, Javelle water. 
CUorkaliiun, n. potassium chloride. 
Chlorkalk, m. chloride of lime, bleaching powder. 
CUorkalkbad, n. (,Blea4:king) chemic vat. 
Cidorkalkfliissigkeit, Chiorkalklosung, /. 

iPharm.) solution of chlorinated lime (bleach- 
ing powder solution). 
CUorkalkkufe, /. chemic vat. 
Idorknallgas, n. chlorine detonating gas (an 

explosive mixture of chlorine and hydrogen). 
Horkohlenoxyd, n. carbonyl chloride. 
CUorfcoUenoxydkther, m, ethyl chlorocar- 


Chlorkohlensftnre, /. chlorocarbonic acid. 
Chlorkohlenstofr, m. carbon chloride, carbon 

tetrachloride (sometimes with the adj. 

<Uorkapfer, n. copper chloride. 
lUormagnesium, n. magnesium chloride. 
Qdormangan, n. manganese chloride. 
fldormesser» m. chlorometer. 
QilormetaD, n. metallic chloride. 
CUonnetailoid* n. chloride of a metalloid. 
i^rmethyl, n. methyl chloride. 
^rnatrium, n. sodium chloride. 
CUomatron, n. chloride of soda (sodium 

(Wnatronldsung, /. (Pharm.) solution of^ 

chlorinated soda, Labarraque's solution. ' ^ 
^robenzil, n. dichlorobenzil, CeHsCOCCls- 


^^obenzol, n. benzal chloride. 
Qdorpikrin, n. chloropicrin. 
(UMtila$iii, n. platinic chloride. 
Chlorqueckfidlber, n. mercury chloride (either 

■Uorsaaer, a. of or combined with chloric acid, 

chlorate of. 
^orsaore, /. chloric; acid. 
Cldorpiiiireanhydrid, n. chloric anhydride. 
Clilorsilber, n. silver chloride. 

Chlmrsilidiim, n. silicon tetrachloride. 

Chlorsoda, /. = Chlomatron. 

Cblorstickstoff, m. nitrogen chloride. 

Chlorstrom, m. stream of chlorine. 

Chlorstrontium, n. strontium chloride. 

Chlortoluoi, n. chlorotoluene. 

Chloriibertrager, m. chlorine carrier. 

Chloriir, n. (-ous) chloride, (formerly) proto- 
chloride. (Used of a metal in its lower valence, 
as EisencMorur, ferrous chloride.) 

Chlorverbindung, /. chlorine compound. 

Chlorwasser, n. chlorine water. 

Chlorwasserstoff, m. hydrt^^en chloride; hydro- 
chloric add. 

Chlorwasserstoffftther. m. ethsd chloride. 

chlorwasserstofTsauer, a. of or combined with 
hydrochloric add, chloride (or hydrochloride) 

ChlorWasserstoflTsftiire, /. hydrochloric add. 

Chlorwismut, n. bismuth (tri) chloride. 

Chlorzink, n. zinc chloride. 

Chlorzinn, n. tin chloride. 

Chlorzyan, n. cyanogen chloride. 

Chokolade, /. chocolate. 

Cholalsaure, /. cholalic add (cholic add). 

Choleinsaure, /. choldc add, choleinic add. 

Cholin, n. choline. 

Cholfi^are, /. cholic add. 

Chor, m. chorus; choir. 

Chorde, /. chord. 

Christdorn, m. hoUy. 

Christophskraiit, n., Christophswurz, /. bane- 
berry {AcUui), 

ChristpalmSI, n. castor oil. 

Chrom, n. chromiimi; chrome. 

Chromalaon, m. chrome alum. 

Chromat, n. chromate. — saures Chromat, di- 

Chrombeize, /. chrome mordant. 

chrombeizen, v.t, chrome-mordant. 

Chromblei, n., Chrombleispat, m. crocoite. 

Chromchlorid, n. chromic chloride. 

Chromchloriir, n. chromous chloride. 

chromecht, a. {Dyeing) fast to chrome (potas- 
sium dichromate). 

Chromeisen, n. chromite, chromic iron. 

Chromeisenstein, m. chromite, chrome iron ore. 

Chromfluorid, n. chromic fluoride. 

chromgar, a. chrome-tanned. 

Chromgelatine, /. chrome gelatin, bichromated 

Chromgelb, n. chrome yellow Gead chromate); 
Cologne yellow (lead chromate and sulfate). 

Chromgerberei, Chromgerbung, /. chrome 

Chromglimmer, m, chrome mica. 

chromhaltig, a. containing chromium, chromif- 

Chromhydroxyd, n. chromic hydroxide. 

Chromhydroxvdnl, n. chromous hydroxide. 



Chromi-* chromic* 

Chromidilorld, n. chromic chloride. 

duromlerartikel, m, {Calico) chrome style. 

ehromlereiw v.U chrome. 

ChromUiydrozyd, n. chromic hydroxide. 

ChromiMis, n. diromic salt. 

Chramisnlfat, n, chromic sulfate. 

Chromlverbindmig, /. chromic compound. 

Chromkali, n. potassium dichromate. 

Chromkarbid, n. chromium carbide. 

Chromleder, n. chrome leather. 

Chromnatroii, n. sodium chromate. 

Chromo-. chromous. 

Chromochl<Mid, n. chromous chloride. 

Chromehydroxyd, n. chromous hydroxide. 

Chrom<rioii, n. chromous ion. 

chromophor, a. chromophoric, ehromophore, 

ChromoverbfaiduiiCy /. chromous compound. 

Chromoxychlorld, n. diromium oxychloride 
(chromiyl chloride). 

Chromoxyd, n. chromic oxide. 

Chromoxydhydrat, n. chromic hydroxide. 

Chromoxydnatron, n. sodium chromite. 

Chromoxydsalz, n. chromic salt. 

Chromoxydol, it. chromous oxide. 

Chromoxydul-. chromous. 

Chromoxydiilverbindunc, /. chromous com- 

■ pound. 

Chromrot, n. chrome red. 

Chromsalpeters&orefi/. chromonitric add. 

Chromsalz, n. chromium salt; chromate. 

chromsauer, a. of or combined with chromic 
acid, chromate of .— chromsaures Kali, potas- 
sium chromate. — doppelt (rotes, saures) 
chromsaores Kali, potassium dichromate. 

jChromsaure, /. chromic add. 

Chroms&oreanhydrid, n. chromic anhydride. 

Chromsaoresalz, n. salt of chromic add, chro- 

Chromschwefels&ure, /. chromosulfuric add. 

Chromstahl, m. chrome steel, chromium 

Chromsolf Ur, n. chromium sulfide. 

Chromverbindung, /. chromiimi compound. 

Chylus, m. chyle. 

Cibarot, n. dba red. 

Cibebe, /. = Zibebe. 

Cichorie, /. chicory. 

Cinchoninsaure, /. dnchoninic add. 

CInchons&ure, /. dnchonic add. 

drca, drka, ado, about. 

cirknlieren, v.i. circulate. 

CSsstdlong, /. ds position. 

Citat, n. dtation, quotation. 

citieren, v.U quote, dte; summon. 

CItrat, estrone, etc. = Zitrat, Zitrone, etc. 

civil, a. dvil; moderate. 

clairderen, v.L darify, spedf . (JSugar) day. 

coag-. see koag-. 


Coako, m. & coke. 

Cocawein, m. {Pharm,) wine of coca. 

CocdnsKare, /. eocdnic add. * 

CochenlHe, /. cochineal. 

Cochenilleflinre, /. cochenillic add. 

Cocoa, etc. See Kokos, etc 

0>d5l, n. codliver oil. 

eohobieren, vi, cohobate. 

Colatnr, /. filtrate. 

Cttleadn, m. odestite. 

cotteren, etc. " kolieren, etc. 

C«rflodiimi, etc. See KoUodium, etc 

Colombowttrxel, /. calumba root. 

Colonne, /. colunm. 

colorimetrifldi, a. colorimetric 

comMnieren, tJL combine. 

Commis, m. derk. 

comprimieren, tJL compress. 

Comptoir, n. office, oountins house. 

cone-. See konz-. 

Condens-. See Kondens-. 

oonditioiiieren, vJ. condition. 

coni^obleren, v.t, heap up. 

Congogelb, n. Congo yellow. 

Congorot, n. Congo red. 

Coniln, n. oonine, coniine. 

Conserr-. See Konserv-. 

constatieren, v.U ascertain, verify. 

Conto, n. account. 

Conns, m. cone. 

Copaiyadl, n. oil of copaiba. 

Corozonass, /. ivory nut. 

corr., akhrev, (oorrigiert) corrected. 

eorrigieren, vA, correct. 

ocHTodieren, v.t. & t. corrode. 

Cttroldn, n. cerulein. 

Cdruleom, n. ceruleum. 

Cotorinde, /. coto bark. 

Cotta,/;= Deul. 

Cottondl, n. cottonseed oil. 

Cbuleur, /. color; caramd, burnt sugar; darl 

coarse smalt; (pi.) fancy goods, colore 

Courant, n. currency. 
Convert, n. envelope; cover. 
Cremor Tartari, cream of tartar. 
Cristall, etc. — Kristall, etc. 
Crotonsftare, /. crotonic add. 
CrystaU. » Kristall-. 
Cuiteselde, /. boUed-off silk. 
Comalinsiliure, /. coumalic (or cumalic) acid. 
Cnmar-. coumar- (or cumar-). 
CumarlmAure, /. coumarinic (or cunuuinif 

Cumars&are, /. coumaric (or cumaric) add. 
CnminB&iire, /. cumic add, cuminic acid. 
Cumol, n. cuxnene. 
Cupri-. cupric. 

Cuprlcarbonat, n. cupric carbonate. 
Cufvichlorid, n. cupric chloride. 




(■mpltrlchter, m. steam funnel. 
BunpftnrMne, /. ateam turbine. 
Dunpfttb^hitaer, m. steam superheater. 
Dlmpfiuitf* /. damping, etc. (see dfimpfen). 
Dunpfwagen, m. steam car; lo(K>motive. 
Dimpfw&rine, /. heat of vaporization; vapom- 

ing temperature. 
^pfwassM'topf, m. steam trap. 
Dimpfwes, m. — Dampfkanal. 
ianach, <xdv. after that, thereupon, for it, ao- 

bneben* adv. near it, beside it, besides. 
Duk, m. thanks; reward. • 
dankbar* cu thankful; acceptable. 
Juken, 9.t. thank, 
dum, adv. then, 
diren, adv. thereon, thereat, about it, of it, 

in it. 
danrngeben, v.t give up. 
iiraaf, adv. thereupon, thereon, afterward. 
DBraofl^ssen, n. (Breunng) doubling, 
daraus, adv. therefrom, thence, out of that, 

of it. 
dvben, v.t. starve. 
dirbieten, v.ti present, o£Fer. 
farein, adv. therein, thereinto, in there, 
iuf, pr. 1 &3 sing, of dUrfen. 
iuin, adv. therein, in it. 
dtflegen, v.t. exhibit, show, display; ocplain; 

lay down. 
Darm, m. gut, intestine. — ^blind^ Damt, 

caecum. — dicker Darm, colon. — dtbmer 

Darm, small intestine. — gerader Darm, 

rectum. — langer Darm, ileum. — ^leerer Darm, 

^armbein, n. ilium. 
Varmfiliile, /. dysentery. 
)armgas, n. intestinal gas. 
>armgleht, /. ileus. 
i^Brmhaut, /. intestinal coat. 
^minhalt, m. intestinal contents. 
^armkanal, n. intestinal canal. 
{Darmkot, m. feces. 
Ourmnetz, n. omentum. 
Darmruhr, /. dysentery. 
Darmsaft, m. intestinal juice. 
Darmsaite, /. catgut. 
Darmstein, m. enterolith. 
Darmstiel, m. vitelline duct. 
Darmtiere, metazoa. 
Darmwand, /. intestinal wall. 
Darrarbeit, /. {Metal.) liquation. 
I>arrboden, m. drying floor, kiln floor. 
Darrbrett, n. drying board. 
Darre, /. drying, kiln-drying; drying room or 

kiln; (Bretoing) malt kiln; (MetaL) liquation 

darreichen, v.t. offer; administer (drugs). 
darren, r.^ dry, kiln-dry; kiln; (MetoL) liquate; 
{Metai.) tonWy. 


Danftucy m. (Brewing) kilnman. 

Darrflftehe, /. drying surface, kQn surf aM. 

Darrkammer, /. drying room. 

Darrknpfer, n. liquated copper. 

Damnnlz, n. kiln-dried malt, cured malt. 

Darrr.fen, m. drying kiln, drying oven; (Metoi.) 
lir.aation hearth. 

Dmr^e, /. {Brewing) kiln fitness. 

r/arrschrank, m. drying cabinet, drying oven. 

3arrstaub, m. malt dust. 

Darst., abhrev. (Darstdlung) preparation. 

darstellen, v.t. prepare; produce, make, manu- 
facture; exhibit, display; describe. 

Darstellung, /. preparation; production, manu- 
facture; exhibition, display; description; repre- 
sentation; {Math.) construction. 

Darstellangsweise, /. method of preparation; 
manner of representation, style. 

dartun, v.t. prove; verify. 

dariiber, adv. over it, over there, about it, more, 

darum, adv. around it, about it, therefore. 

darunt^r, adv. thereunder, under it, among 
them, by it. 

Dasein, n. presence; being, existence. 

dass, eonj. that. 

Dattel, /. date. 

Dattelbaom, m. date tree, date palm. 

Dattelpflanme, /. persinunon, date plum. 

Datum, n. date. 

Daube, /. stave. 

Dauer, /. duration; durability, permanence. 

Daner-. permanent, continuous, lasting, per* 

Danerbier, n, lager beer. 

Dauerendadung, /. continuous discharge. 

Dauergewftchs, n. perennial plant, perennial. 

dauerhaft, a. durable, lasting, permanent; fast 
(colors); tough (leather). 

DauerhafUgkelt, /. durability, permanence. 

Dauermagnet, m. permanent magnet. 

Danermilch, /. sterilized milk. 

danem, v.t. last, continue, endure, keep. 

Dauerprftparat, n. permanent preparation. 

Danerspore, /. resting spore. 

Damn, Daumen, m. thumb; inch; (Jlfeeft.) part 
resembling a thumb, as a cam. 

Daumenrad, n. cam wheel. 

Dftnmling, m. little thumb; {Mech.) cam, knob, 
or the like. 

davon, adv. thereof, therefrom, thereby, away. 

davontragen, vd. carry away, obtain. 

davor, ado. before it, for it, from it. 

daza, adv. thereto, therefor. — ^nocfa dazu, more- 

dazomal, adv. then. 

DD., abbrev. (Dampfdichte) vapor density. 

D J>., a66ret;. (Dichten) densities. 

DE., oAihrev. (Dielektiizit&tskonstante) dieleo- 
tric constant. 














.^e. A suffix attached to verbal roots to form 
nouns which denote the result of the action or 
the thing done; as, Zierde, omaL'<ient, from 
zieren, adorn. \ 

decarboniaiereii, v.L decarboniase, decari>urize. 

DeckMatt, n. wrapper (of a dgar) ; (Bof.) bract. 

Decke, /. cover, covering (of various kLids); 
integument, coat; roof; ceiling; blanlret; 
{Suffor) cleansing, purging (also, fbie liquor^. 

Deckd, m. covot, Ud. 

Deckelabfall, m. carding waste. 

deckdn, vM provide with a cover or lid. — 
gededielt, p.a. with cover (s), covered. 

decken, 9.L cover; top (paper); deanse, wash, 
purge. — ».t. (of colors) cover. 

Decken, n. covering; deansing, washing; 
(Patnte) covering power, opadty. 

Dedcenstridi, m. ^Leather) daub. 

Decker, m. ooverer; (Tobaeeo) wrapper. 

deckf&hig, a. of good covering power, opaque. 

DeckfiUiigkeit, /. covering power, opadty. 

Deckflube, /. body cdor, opaque color. 

Deckflnds, m. covering varnish, protecting 

Deckglas, n. cover glass, s^aas cover. 

C-cki^Mflchen, n. {Micros.) cover glass. 

Ch^kkliire, /., Deckklilrsel, n. {Sugar) fine 

Chn ir (dairc6) for deansing the crjnstals. 

• poi'^aft, /. covering power, body (of pig- 

Chufents and dyes). 

Ctekmittd, n. covering material. 

.deckpanp, m., Deckpappe, /. resist, redst paste. 

Decksel, n. «= DeckkUlre. 

Decksinip, m. {Sugar) liquored sirup (obtained 
by deansing the crystals with fine liquor). 

Deckstiqrf'en, n. stopper with projecting rim. 

Deckong, /. covering, cover; remittance; se- 
curity; {Geom.) congruence. 

Deckadegel, m. cover tile; coping brick. 

decreptti««ii, v.i. decrepitate. 

Decreusage, /. {SUk) determination of gum. 

Decyls&ure, /. decylic add (decoic add). 

defekt, a. defective. 

defibrinlert, a. defibrinated. 

deflnieren, vJ. define. — deflniert* pM. definite. 

deflagrieren, v.t. deflagrate. 

deformieren, vA. deform. 

degaOlerai, v4. degall. 

Degen, m. sword. 

degommieren* v.L degum. 

degorgieren, vj. ^ ttusschl&mmen. 

degraissieren, degrasaieren, v.<. = entfetten. 

degammieren, v.(. degum, ung^um, strip (sUk). 

dehnbar, a. capable of being stretched, ezten- 
dble, (of metals) malleable, ductile; expan- 
dble, (of gases) dastic; dilatable. 

Dehnbarkeit, /. extendbility, etc. (see dehnbar). 

dehnen, vA, extend, stretch; expand, dilate, 

Dehnang,/. extendon; tendon; dilation. 

Dehydratation, /. dehydration. C 

Deich, m, dike. 

Deichsel,/. pole, shaft, tongue (of a vehicle). 

DeO, m. bDouI. 

dein, pron. thy, thine, your, yours. ■ 

deinige, pron. thine, yours. • 

dekadiach, a. decadic — dekadiacfae Logarith-^ 

men, common logarithms. 

dekantf wen, v.L decant. 'J 

Dekantlerglas, n. decanting glass, glass decani 

ing jar. ir 

Dekanttertopf, tn. (earthenware) decanting j«ri 
Dekantierzylinder, m. decanting cylinder. 'H 
dekarbonideren, 9.i. decarbonize, decarburiz^.' ' 
dekatieren, v.L hot-press, steam (doth). 
dekaustlzieren, v.L decaustidze. '> 

deklinieren, v.t dedine, deviate. 
Dekokt, n. decoction. ivfj 

dekorieren, vA, decorate. ^■■[. 

dekrepitieren, v.t. decrepitate. -.) 

DekroUn, n. decrolin. ] 

Ddphin, m. dolphin. * 

Delphintran, m. ddpfain oil. 
Demant, m. diamond; adamant. *' i 

Demantblende,-/. eulytite. i 

Demantspat, m. adamantine spar (corundumlili 
dementoprechend, ad9. correspondingly, st^ 

cordingly. ^.i| 

demg«n&88, ado. accordingly. t^ :)J 

demnach, adv. accordingly. 'J 

demn&chst, adv. soon after, shortly. 1 1 

DemuC, /. humility.' <'> 

denatnrieren, denatarisieren, vJ. denatur^ 

denaturize. . v 

Dendrachat, Dendritenachat, m. dendritic agatd*. 
denitrieren, v.L denitrate. rj 

Denltrierang, /. denitration. 
denitriflderen, vA. denitrify. I 

Denkart,/. way of thinking, dispodtion. 
denkbar, a. thinkable, concdvable. 
denken, vA. & t. think. 
Denkmal, n. monument; memorial. 
D^nkmttnze, /. commemorative medal. 
denkwfkrdig, a. memorable, notable, 
denn, cotij. for, because, then. 
dennoch, oonj. yet, however. . 
Depesche, /. despatch, 
depladeren, vA. displace. 
Depolarisator, m. depdarizOT. 
deprimieren, v.f. deprcBB. 
der, die, daa, artide. the.--pron. this, that, he; 

that, who, which. 
derart, adv. in such a way, so much. I 

derartig, a. such. 
derb, a. solid, compact, dense, firm, strong; 

hardy, stout; rough, rude; (Aftn.) masdve. 
Derbgehalt, m. solid contents, cubical contents. 
Derbheit, /. solidity, etc. (see derb). 
dergestait, adv, such, so. 
der^eichen, a. such, the like. 





priozyd, n. eupric oxide. 
Caprisalz, n. eupric salt. 
Ciprisiilfat» n. eupric sulfate. 
Cqpriverbindnng* /. eupric oompound. 
Ci^ro-. cuprous. 

u^rochlorid* n. cuprous chloride. 
Cqiromangan, n. cupromanganese. 
Ci^rooxyd, n. cuprous oxide. 
Q^roTerblBdiiiic» /. cuprous compound, 
^vcoma, etc See Kurkuma, etc. 
ore-. See kurs-. 
(^Tette, /. bulb. 
Cyin, n. cyanogen, 
r^-. of or cofmbined with cyanogen, cyano- 

(as CyanpropionsSure, cyanopropionic add), 

eyanide of (as Cyanammonium, ammonium 
\ tyanide). 

Omalkali, n. alkali cyanide. 
Crualkyl, n. alkyl cyanide. 
Pyanamidcalciam, n. calcium cyanamide. 
[Cyinaniidnatriiim* n. sodium cyanamide. 
namidodikohlenailiiTe, /. cyanamidodicar- 

boxylic add. 
CjanamidokohlenidUire, /. cyanamidocarboxyl- 

ic add (cyanocarbamic add). 
frnnammoidum, 11. ammonium cyanide. 
Iranat, n. cyanate. 
Cyanftthjl, n. ethyl esranide. 
^yanbaiynm, n. barium csranide. 
'yanbenzfrf, tu cyanobenzene. 
^nbr<Mqrid» n. Qranogen bromide. 
Cyancaldom* n. caldum cyanide. 
I^anclilorid» n. cs^anogen chloride. 
Cyandoppeteids, n. double cyanide. 
K^uieisen, n. iron cyanide. 
t^anetiienlniHimi^ n. potasnum ferrocyanide. 



Cyangold, n. gold cyanide. 

Cyangoldkalinm, n. potassium auri- or aurocy- 

Cyanid, n. cyanide (esp. an -ie cyanide as con- 
trasted with Cyanttr). 

Cyankalium, n. potasdum eyanide. 

Cyankobalt, m. cobalt cyanide. 

Cyankupfer, n. copper cyanide. 

Cyanmetall, n. metallic cyanide. 

Cyanmethyl, n. methyl cyanide. 

Cyannatrium, n. sodium cyanide. 

Cyanplatiny n. platinimi cyanide. 

Cyanqueckdlber, n. mercury cyanide. 

cyansaner, a. of or combined with cyanic add, 
cyanate of. 

Cyans&ore, /. cyanic add. 

Cyansilber, n. silver cyanide. 

Cyantolufrf, n. cyanotoluene. 

Cyaniir, n. (-ous) cyanide. Cf. Cyanid. 

Cyanor-. cyanuric; cyanuryl. 

Oyannra&nre, /. cyanuric add. 

Cyanverbindung, /. cyanogen oompound. 

Cyanwasserstoff, m. hy<S^ogen cyanide; hydro- 
cyanic add. - ^ ^ . . 

cyanwasserstoffsauer, a. of or combined with 
hydrocyanic add, cyanide of. 

CyanwasserstofE^nre, /. hydrocyanic acid. 

Cyandnk, n. dnc cyanide. 

cydlsh, a. cydic 

Cydogeraniums&ure, /. c^clogeranic add. 

cylindem, etc. See zylindem, etc 

Cyper-. cypress; Cyprus, Cyprian; copper. 

Cypem, n. Cyprus. 

Cyperyitriol, m, {Old Chem.) blue vitriol. 

CypressennosB, /. cypress cone. 

Cystinuriker, m. one who has cystinuria. 







d., abbreo, (der, die, das) the, of the, etc. 
D., abbreo. (Dichte) denaity, specific gravity. 
da» adv. there; prAwnt; then. — conj. when, as, 

while, since. 
dabei, adv. thereby, there, near, besides. 
Dach, n. roof; dome (of a boiler) ; house. 
Dadiban, m, roofing. 
Dachblech, n. sheet metal for roofing. 
^achboden, m. loft. 

I, D&chel, m. (Metal.) lump, bloom. 
r, /. attic, garret, 
^er coal. 

m roofing, roofing paper. 



dachte, pm. ^. 

Dachung, /. roofing. 

Dachwurs, /. common hou^. 

Dachziegel, m. (roofing) tile. 

Dachziegelei, /. tilery, tile kiln. 

dafttr, adv. therefor, for it; instead of it. 

dagegen, adv. against it; in comparison; in re- 
turn.— eot^*. on the other hand; whereas. 

daheim, adv. at home. 

daher, adv. henoe, thence, therefore. 

dahin, adv. thither, there, thereto; away, over, 
gone; along. 

dahinstehen, v.i. remain uncertain. 

dahinter, adv. behind it. 

damals, adv. at that time, then. 

damasc-. see damass-. 

Damast, m. damask. 

Damaststahl, m. damask steel, Damascus steel. 

damasasener, a. Damascene, Damascus, damask. 

damaszieren, v.t. damascene, damask. 

Damasderung, /. damascening. 

Dame,/, lady; queen (at cards); king (checkers). 

Damenbrett, n. checkerboard. 

Damenspiel, n. checkers, draughts. 

damit, adv. therewith, with, by it. — conj. in 
order that. 

dftmlich, a. stupid, silly. 

Damm, m. dam, dike, bank; (Med.) perineimi. 

d&mmen, v.t. dam, dam up, stop up; curb. 

Dammcrde^/. mold,humus; (Founding) pit sand. 

dilmmern, p.t. grow dusky; dawn. 

DSmmerung, /. twilight, dusk; dawn. 
Dampf, m. vapor; steam; fume, am 

direkter DampT, live steam. — ^tndi 

Dampf, exhaust steam. — fltickender Dj^i^ 

choke damp. m^^ 

Dampfartikel, m. (Calico) steam style. ^^^j 
Dampfbad, n. steam bath; vapor bath, ji^jg 
Dampfbiase, /. bubble of vapor or stean%^jK|. 

heated by steam. ^^ 

DampfchliH:, n. steam chemicking. 
Dampf darre, /. steam kiln. 
damirfdicht, a. steam-tight, vapor-tight. 
Dampf dichte, /. vapor density. ^ 

Dampfdmck, m. vapor pressure; steam prea^j 

sure; steam printing. ^ 

Damirfdnickmesaer, m. manometer; ste^^ 

gage. v,^ 

-'')t. 9fecht, a. fast to steaming. j 

.apfen, v.i. give off vapor or steam, steam; , 

evaporate; fume, smoke, 
•ijlmpfen, v4. damp, smother; put out (fire); - 

subdue (color or sound); treat with stearo, 

steam, stew. 
Dampfentwiclder, m. steam generator. 
Dampfer, tn. steamer. 

D&Bipfer, m. damper; steamer, steam cooker, 
dampffdnnig, a. in the form of vapor or steam, 

Dampfgnmmi, n. dextrin. 

Dampfheizong, /. steam heating. | 

Dampfholzschliff, m. steamed mechanical wood 

pulp. ^ 

Dampfhjtlle,/. steam jacket; vaporous envelope. ^ 
Dampfkanal, m. steam pipe; steam port. 
Dampfkessei, m. steam boilor. 
Dampfkesseiblech, n. boiler plate. 
Dampfkolben, m. steam piston. 
Dampfmantel, m. steam jacket. 
Dampfmaschbie, /. steam engine. 
Dampfmesser, m, manometo'; steam gage. 
Dampfrohr, n., -rdhre, f. steam pipe. 
Dampfschlange, /. steam coil. 
Damirfschwarz, n. (Dyeing) steam black. 
Dampfschwelung, /. destructive distillatiqp 

with steam. ,.i;> 

Dampfspannung, /. vapor tension; steam j^^t. 

sion. ' ^;,|^; 

Dampfstrahl, m. steam jet. ■ ot^t 

Dampftopf, m. (steam) digester^ autocla^j^;/.. 




steam sterilizer. 







Terimt, n. derivative, 
deijenige, pron, that one, he. 
'enaaaseii, ado. so much, so. 
anadsdh, a. cataneoua. 
^rselbe, a. the same, 
neitic a. of the time being, present. 
S-. dis-, de-; as, I>estillat, distillate, deaoxy' 
jieren, deoxidize. 

"^i^refBtioii,/. disaggregation, disintegration. 
Araideren* vM « entamidieren. 
-fills, adv. in that case, 
mdusn, ado. likewise; ditto, 
dttb, €td9. therefore. 
tfHirektia«v /. disinfection. 
4infi^rtionamittd, n. disinfectant. 
nilzlereB, vJ. disinfect. 
4]iflderang, /. disinfection. 
Aiftegrator, m. disintegrator. 
Qtegiieren, vA. disintegrate. 
jsmotrovie, /. desmotropism, desmotropy. 
^sodoratfonnmittci, n. deodorizer. 
mdorieren, vjL deodorize. 
.snydatioii, /. deozidation. 
esezydartmiWBilttel, n. deoxidizing agent. 
jsozydieren, 9.t. deoxidize, 
fieenangeachtel, adv. nevertheless. 
♦iHiilii, m.&n. dedgn, pattern. 
Jest., dbbrev. (DestiUation) distillation. 
DestOlat, n. distillate. 
OestOlation, /. distillation. 
des iflationHelifls, n. distilling vesseL 
DestfUationsnAr, n. distillation tube, distilling 

Deslfllierapparat, m. distilling apparatus, still. 
deslillierbar, a. distillable. 
Destfllierbiase, /. distilling vessel, retort, body 

of astOL 
desdUieren, vd. distil. 
DesUniergeOas, n. disdUing vessel. 
I>estilllerk«riben, m. distilling flask; retort. 
D^stffliertopf, m. distilling pot. 
Destmienuig, /. distillation. 
4esto, adv.f destb-. so much, so much the. — Je 
. . . desto . . • , the . . . the ... 
estomelir, a. & ado. so much the more, the 
ieswegen, ado. for that reason, therefore. 
>etachear, m. (Dyeing) spot deaner. 
eachte, pret. of dUnk^. 
leal, m. bloom, lump, cake (of metal). 
eaten, v.i. point. — v.t explain. 
eatiich, a. dear, distinct, plain, evident, 
leatsch, a. German. — dentsche FaXke, German 
foil (made from an alloy of tin). — deptsches 
Geschirr, (Paper) stampers. 
'etttang, /. interpretation, explanation. 
..'Vise, /. motto, device. 
evonisdi, a. Devonian. 
Je^arsehee Gefliss. Dewar vessel. 
Oextranafture, /. dextronic (d-glueonic add). 

Deztgramm, n. dedgram. 

dgl., abbreo. (dergieiehen) the like. 

d.h.* abbreo. (das heisst) that is, i.e. 

d.i., abbreo. (das ist) that is, Le. 

Diadiylonsalbe, /. diachylon ointment. 

Dialysator, m. dialyzer. 

DIalyse, /. o^alysis. 

dialyaloren, jr.t. dialyze. 

dialysiacli, <4 dialytie. 

Diamant, ml diamond. 

^amantartlg, a. diamondlike, adamantine. 

Dlamant^ans, m. adamantine luster. 

Diamantmftrser, m. diamond mortar (small steel 

Diamantschwarz, n. diamond black. 

Diamantspat, m. adamantine spar (corundum). 

Dlamido-. diamino-, diamido-. See Amido-. . 

Diamldobenadi, n. diaminobenzene. 

Diamldot<rfuol, n. diaminotduene. 

Diuninschwarz, n. diamine black. 

Dianenbaum, m. arbor Dianae (silver tree). 

diaphan, a. ^aphanous. 

Diaphragma, n. diaphragm. 

diastatisch, a. diastatie. 

Diftt, /. diet. 

Diilth-. dieth-. 

Diazobenzirt, n. diazobenzene. 

DIazoessigsfture, /. diazoacetic add. 

diasoderen, o.t. diazotize. 

Diaaotierang, /. diazotizing, diazotization. 

IHazovorUndung, /. diazQ compound. 

dibenzoyllert, p.a. having two benzoyl groups 
added, dibenzoyl-. 

Dibrombenzol, n. dibromobenzene. 

DicarbonB&are, /. dicarboxylic add. 

DIchinol, n. diquinol. 

DIchlnolin, n. diquinoline. 

Dlchinoyl, n. dichinoyl. 

DichlormeChan, n. dichloromethane. 

dichroidsch, a. dichroic. 

dichromsauer, a. of or combined with dichromic 
add, dichromate of. 

IHchromsilare, /. dichromic add. 

dicht, a. tight; dense; firm, compact, thick, 

dichtbrennen, v.t. (Ceram.) vitrify. 

Dichte, /. dendty; ti^tness, thickness, firm- 
ness; (of paper) bulking quality. 

Dichtemesser, m. instrument for measuring 
density, densimeter; specif., hydrometer. 

dichten, v.i. make tight, lute, pack, calk; con- 
dense, compact; compose (poetry) 

Dichter, m. poet. 

Dichtheit, /. tightness, imperviousness; density, 

Dichtigkeit, /. » Dichte. 

DIchtang, /. making tight; luting; packing, 
stuffing; poetry. 

DichtungsstofT, m. luting, calking, or packing 



dick, a. thick; big, bulky, fat, swollen. 

Dickanszug, m. inspissated extract. 

Dickdarm, m, large intestine, colon. 

IMcke, /. thickness, etc« (see dick); consistency 
(of a liquid) ; mother, dregs. 

Dickenmesser, m. thickness gage. 

Dickfarbe,/. thick color, body color. 

dickflttssig, a. thickly liquid, viscous, visdd. 

dicklich, q. thickish, somewhat thick. 

IKckmaische, /. {Brewing) thick mash, decoc- 

IHckmilch, /. curdled milk, curds. 

Dickfil, n. thick oil, heavy oil; specif., a vis- 
cous product formed by the exposure of oil of 
turpeiitine to the air. 

Dickpfanne, /. concentration pan. 

Dicksaft, m. (Sugar) thick juice, sirup. 

dickschalig, a. thick-shelled; (of grain) husky. 

dickwandig, a. thick-walled. 

Dicyan, n. dicyanogen, cyanogen gas. 

Didym, n. didymium. 

Dieb, m. thief. 

Diebstahl, m. theft, larckiy. 

Diele, /. board, plank. 

Dielektrikum, n. dielectric. 

dielektrisch, a. dielectric. 

Dielektrizitatskonstante, /. dielectric constant. 

dienen, v.L serve. 

Diener, m. servant. 

dienlich, a. serviceable, expedient, fit. 

Dienst, m. service; duty, employment. 

Dienstag, m. Tuesday. 

dienstbereit, a. ready for service. 

Dienstherr, m. employer, master. 

Dienstlohn, m. wages. 

dienstlos, a. out of employment. 

diesbeziigiich, a. concerning this. 

dieser, diese, dieses, pron. this, this one, the 

diesmal, adv. this time, now. 

Dietrich, m. skeleton key, picklock. 

differenzieren, difTerenliieren, vA, differentiate. 

diffundieren, v.t. diffuse. 

diffuslonsfahig, a, diffusible. 

Diffuslonsprodukt, n. diffusate. 

Diffuslonsverfahren, n. diffusion process. 

Diffusionsvermogen, n. diffusibility. 

Digailussaure, /. digallic acid. 

digerieren, v.L digest. 

Digestlvsalz, n. digestive salt (potassium 

Digestorium, n. hood. 

Diharnstoff, m. diurea (urazine). 

diheteroatomig, a. diheteratomic. 

dihydratisch, a. dihydric. 

DiJod-. diiodo-. 

Dikabrot, n. dika bread. 

Dikarb-. See Dicarb-. 

DUettant, m. amateur. 

Dille, /. socket, npzzle. 



Dillol, n. oil of diU, diU oil. 

dimensionieren, v.t. dimension. 

dimer, a. dimeric. 

dimethyliert, p.a. dimethylated, dimet 

dimorph, dimorphisch, a. dimorphous. 

DImorpfaie, /. dimorphism. * 

Dina-. Dinas. 

DInapht-, DInaphto-. dinaphtho-. 

Dinaphtyl, n. dinaphthyl. 

DInaphtylen-. dinaphthylene-. 

Dinaphtylin, n. dinaphthyline. 

DInaston, m. Dinas clay. 

Dinaszlegei, m. ^Dinaziegd. 

DInaton, m. Dinas day. 

DInaziegel, m. Dinas brick, silica brick. 

Ding, n. thing; being. 

dingen, v.t. hire. — v.i. bargain. 

Dinicotinsaure, /. dinicotinic add. 

dinitriert, p.a. having two nitro groups ' 

duced, dinitro-. 
Dinkel, m. spelt, German wheat. 
Dinte, /. (more commonly, Tinte) ink. 
Diorseliinsaure, /. diorsellinic add. 
Diozy-. dioxy-; dihydroxy-. (See note 

Dioxybenzol, n. dihydroxybenzene. 
Dioxychlnolin, n. dihydroxyquinoline. 
Dioxychinon, n. dihydroxyquinone. 
DIoxyd, n. dioxide. 

Dioxynaphtalin, n. dihydroxynaphthalenc 
Dioxytolaol, n. dihydroxytoluene. 
Diphensaure, /. diphenic add. 
Dtphenylarsenchloriir, n. diphenylars* 

Diphenylborchlorid, n. diphenylboron ch 
Diphosphors&ure, /.. diphosphoric (pyr« 

phoric) acid. 
Diphtal-. diphthal-. 
dipol, a. dipolar. 
Dirhodan-. dithiocyano-. 
Dirigent, m. director, manager, head, 
dirigieren, v.t. direct, manage, rule. 
DIrne, /. girl, lass. 
Disfture, /. diacid (pyro acid). 
Disazofarbstoff, m. disazo dye. 
Dischwefelstture, /. disulfuric add, pyrosi 

diskontinuierlich, a. discontinuous. 
Diskontinoit&t, /. discontinuity, 
diskutieren, v.t. discuss. 
dispensieren, v.t. dispense; exempt, excusi 
dispergieren, v.t. disperse. 
dispers, a. dispersed, disperse. 
Dispersionsmittel, n. dispersion medium. 
Dlspersionsvermogen, n. dispersive pow 
Disponent, m. manager, agent, accounta: 
dispoiueren, v.t. dispose. 
Diss., c^brev. of Dissertation. 
dissodierbar, a. dissodable. 
dissociieren, v4. & i. dissociate. \ 





Dissoztadonsgrad, m. degree of diss<^<ciation. 
Dissoziationsspaimiixig, /. dissociatibn tension. 
Dissodationsyemidgen, n. dissodatfing power. 
Dissoziationsw&rme, /. heat of dissociation. 
DIssoziationsznstand, m. dissociated condition. 
dissoziierbar, a. dissociable, 
dissoziieren, v.L & i. dissociate. 
Distel,/. thistle. 
distillieren, v,L distil. 
Disnlfamins&ure, /. disulf amic acid. 
Disnlfoniure, /. disulf onic acid. 
Ditarinde, /. dita bark. 

Dithiokohlensaare, /. (either) dithiocarbonic 
acid; specif., dithiolcarbonic add (HSCOSH). 
dithionig, a. hyposulfurous. 
dithioidgsaner, a. = untersehwefligsauer. 
Dithions&nre, f. dithionic acid. 
Dithiophosphors&nre, /. dithiophosphoric add. 
Diiiberjodsiiare, /. diperiodic acid. 
Divaricatins&itre, /. divaricatinic acid. 
Diraricatsaare, /. divaricatic acid. 
divergierend, p.a. diverging, divergent. 
dividieren, v.t. divide. 
Diwolfram^ure, /. ditungstic add. 
Dizimmts&iire, /. dicinnamic add. 
Dizyan, n. = Dicyan. 
d.J., abbrev. (dieses Jahres) of this year. 
d.M ., ahhrev. (dieses Monats) of this month.inst. 
doch, conj. yet, however, surely, indeed. 
Docht, m. wick. 

Docke, /. bundle, skein; plug; baluster; man- 
drel; doll; dock, 
docken, v.t. wind (yarn, etc.). 
Dodekaeder, n. dodecahedron. 
Dogge, /. bulldog; mastiff. 
Dohle,/. jackdaw; sewer. 
Dolch, m. dagger, poniard. 
Dolde, /. umbel, (of hops) cone, strobile. 
doldenblumigy doldenbliitig, a. umbelliferous. 
Ddmetsch, m. interpreter. 
Dom, m. dome, cupola, cover; cathedral. 
Doma, n. (jCryst.) dome. 
Donner, m. thunder. 
Donnerkeil, m. thunderbolt, belemnite. 
Donnerstrahl, m. lightning flash. 
Doppelbier» n. double beer. 
DoppelbOd, n. double image. 
Doppelbindung, /. double bond, double union. 
Doppelboden, m. double bottom, false bottom; 

Doppelbrechung, /. double refraction. 
doppelchromsauer, a. bichromate (dichrom'ate) 

doppelfarbig, a. didirolc, dichromatic. 
Doppelfarbigkelt, /. dichro'sm. 
Doppelg&nger, m. double. 
Doppelgestaltung, /. dimorphism. 
Doppeljodqaeckfiilber, n. biniodide of mercury 

(mercuric iodide). 
doppelkohlensaner, a. 'bicarbonate of. 

doppellebig, a. amphibious. 

Doppelsalx, n. double salt. 

doppelschwefelsauer, a. bisulfate of. 

doppelschweffigsauer, a. bisulfite of. 

doppelseitig, a. bilateral. 

doppeldnnig, a. ambiguous. 

Doppelspat, m. Iceland spar. 

doppelstark, a. double-strength. 

Doppelsttick, n. duplicate. 

doppelt, a. double, duplex, twofold; (in old 

names of compounds) bi-.— -adv. doubly, 

doppeltborsaaer,, a. biborate of. 
Doppeltchlorzinn, n. stannic chloride. 
doppeltchromsauer, a. bichromate (dichromate) 

doppelthochmnd, a. convexo-convex. 
doppelthohl, a. concavo-concave. 
doppeltkohlensauer, a. bicarbonate of. 
doppeltschwefelsaner, a. bisulfate (acid sulfate) 

doppeltschwefligsauer, a. bisulfite (acid sulfite) 

doppeltweinsauer, a. bitartrate (acid tartrate) 

Doppelung, /. doubling. 
doppeiwandig, a. doiible-walled. 
doppelwirkend, p.a. double-acting; amphi- 

chroic, amphoteric. 
Doppelzersetzung, /. double decomposition. 
doppelziingig, a. double-dealing. 
Dorf, n. village. 
Dorn, TO. thorn; spine; (Mack.) pin, spike, 

tongue, bolt, etc.; (Metal.) slag (of copper). 
Dornerschlacke, /. (Metal.) bulldog. 
dornig, a. thorny, spiny. 
Dornstein, m. thornstone (incrustation of 

gypsum on walls). 
dorren, v.L dry; wither. 
dftrren, v.t. dry; cure by drying; scorch. 
Dorschlebertran, m. codliver oil. 
dort, adv. there; yonder. 
Dose, /. box; snuif box. 
Dosenbarometer, n. aneroid barometer. 
dosieren, v.t. determine; {Pharm.) dose. 
Dosierung, /. determination; dosing; dose. 
Dosis, /. dose. 
Dossienii^;, /. slope. 
Dost, Dosten, m. origanum, origan. 
Dotter, m. egg yolk, vitellus. 
doublieren, v.t. double, concentrate. 
Drache, Drachen, m. dragon. 
Drachenblut, n. dragon's blood. 
dragieren, v.t. coat (pills or the like). 
Draht, m. wire; (Spinning) twist, thread; grain 

(of wood). 
Drahtdreieck, n. wire triangle. 
drahten, dr&htern, a. of wire; wiry. 
Drahtfaser, /. (Paper) wire mold. 
Drahtgaze, /. wire gauze. 







Drahtgefleelit, n. wire nettinc. 
Drahtgewebe, n. wire cloth, wire gauze. 
Dnthtgewicht, n. wire weight, (often) rider. 
Drahtmaake, /. wire maak. 
Drahtnets, n. wire gauze, wire net. 
Drahtaeil, n. wire cable, wire rope, wire cord. 
Drahtaleb, n. wire sieve, wire screen, wire doth. 
'DniktMMngiB, f, pliers, nippers. 
Drahtiiehen* n. wiredrawing. 
Drahtsag, m. wiredrawing; wire miU. 
drainieren, v.L drain. 
drall, a. tight; buxom. 
DraU, m. twist, rifling. 
drang* preL of dringen. 

Drang, m. throng, pressure, impulse, craving. 
driUigen, v4. & t. press, crowd, urge; drive 

draach, preL of dresehen. 
1, m. dregs (of oil). 

1, adv. without, out, abroad. 
drechfldn, v,L turn (on a lathe) ; elaborate. 
Dreck, m. dirt, dung, filth. 
Dreh-. rotatory, rotary, revolving, turning, 

Drehachae,/. axis of rotation (or of revolution u 

knife edge (of a balance); pin. 
Drehbank, /. lathe. 
drehbar, a. capable of being turned or twisted, 

turning, rotary, rotatory. 
Drehbewegung, /. rotatory motion, 
drehen, vA. tiun, rotate; twist; roll. — v.r. turn, 

rotate, revolve. — drehend, p.a. turning, etc.; 

Dreher, m. turner, rotator; (Mech.) crank, 

handle (for turning), etc. 
Drehkalzinierofen, m. revolving roaster. 
Drehkraft, /. torsional force. 
Drehkrankheit, /. staggers. 
Drehkreuz, n. tumstUe; (Brewing) sparger. 
Drehmoment, n. moment of rotation. 
Drehofen, m, revolving furnace. 
I>rehpimkt, m. center of motion, turning point, 

Drehrichtung, /. direction of rotation. 
Drehacheibe, /. potter's wheel; lapidary's 

wheel; tujmtable. 
DrehspiUie, turnings. 
DretuvAnnnng, /. torsional strain. 
Drehspiegelang, /. (Cryst.) combined rotation 

and reflection. 
Drehsvindel, /. revolving spindle, live spindle. 
Drehstrom, m. {Elee.) rotary current, multi- 
phase current. 
Drehnng, /. rotation, turn, turning, torsion, 

revolution, twisting. 
Drehongsachse, /. axis of rotation (or of revolu- 
tion), turning axis. 
DrelnnigiVrad, m, degree of rotation. 
Drehnngskraft, /. rotatory power. 
Drehnngaverm^en, n. rotatory power. 

Drehmigsw^tilkel, m. angle of rotation* 

Drehwage,/. torsion balance. 

Drehzyllndetv m. revolving <;yUnder. 

drei, a. three. 

drriachaig, a. triaxial. 

dreiatoaiig, a. triatomic. 

dreibaaiscli, a. tribaaic 

Dreiblatt, n. trefoil. 

dreibliltterig, a. three-leaved. 

Drelbremier, m. triple burner. 

Dreibimd, m. triple alliance. 

dreidimenaional, a. tridimensionaL 

Dreieck, n. triangle. 

dreieckig, a. triangular, three-cornered. 

Dreleckalehre, /. trigonometry. 

dreieriei, a. of three kinds, of three sorts. 

dreifach, a. triple, threefold, treble, tri-.— ■ 
dreifach Chlorantimon, antimony trichloride; 
di^fach Chlofjod, iodine trichloride; drd- 
lisch Sehwefelarsen, arsenic trisulfide. 

dreiflilchig, a. three-faced. 

dreiflammig, a. three-flame, triple (burner). 

Drelfusa, m. tripod. 

dc^f ttsslg, a. three-footed, tripedal. 

dreigUedrig, a. three-membered; (Math.) tri- 

drelhalsig, a. three-necked. 

Dreiheit, /. triad. 

dreikantig, a. three-cornered, triangular. 

Drelkttrper, Dreikdrperapparat, m. triple-effect 

Dr^eltersystem, n. {Elee.) three-wire 

dreipliasig, a. three-phase, triphase. 

drelsiiurig, a. triadd. 

drelachenkellg, a. three-legged. 

dreiaeitig, a. three-sided, trilateral, triangular. 

dreissig, a. thirty. 

dreiaalgste, a. thirtieth. 

dreist, a. bold, confident. 

Dreiateinwunel, /. f*"- Toot iTriosieufn), 

dreiatellig, a. *h a- . 

drdteilig. ;; 't- .* ripartite. 

drd-n*^ • ... •^I, .. 7ry«<.) monotrimetric 

(hex. :'y . .. • 

dreiwai^'ii '. .• .? --.v&l* ..triple-walled. 

Dreiwef.- ' * . 'v-^* -wa> cock. 

Dreiwegb •-• *:: .' 'v f way piece, three-way 

DrelwegVvr' :. •ti:.. . :.dri«»-<yay connection. 

drelwertig -. .< >-':•• n*-. 

-drdwinkeLc, < t -lU. . 

Dreizack, n>. : < - 1 '. . 

dreidihlig, a tr..- •. l •■ . vnary. 

dreizehn, a. r.-Ju't :e . 

Drell, m. tick v^. 

dresehen, v.t. \ 'vr*..Ji, \\ ■ * 

dressleren, vd, i'- ->, n . • 

drgl., a5breo. (d' r'^vtrfri ;\q. 

Driilbohrer, !?».<!• <kl. 




driDeii, 94. drill; tarn. 

Drillicii, m. tiddng, tiek. 

Drilfing, m* triidet; {Modi.) lantern. 

DrillingHiUg, n. trifle salt. 

driiif adv, therein. 

dringen, v.t. press, rush, penetrate.— diingend, 
p.a. pressing, urgent. — gedmngen, p.a. com- 
paet; oompdled; thickset. 

drtnidSch, a. pressing, urgent. 

drischt, pr. S sing, oi dreschen. 

dritt, a. third. 

Drittel, n. third. 

dritteisaaer, a. tribaaie. 

droben, ado. up there, above. 

Droge, /. drug. 

Drogenhlndler, m, druggist. 

Dn^enknnde, /. pharmacology. 

Drogmegeschilllt, n. drug biisinesi, drug 

Dn^ett, Droget, m. drugget. 

Drogist, m. druggist. 

Drogue, Drognett, etc. See Droge, Drogett. 

drohen, v.i. threaten, menace. 

drdhnen, v.i. rumble, boom. 

droUig, a. droll, comical. 

drosch, preU of dreschen. 
Drossel, /. thrush (bird); throttle. 
Drosselader, /. jugular vein. 
Drosselbein, n. collar-bone. 
DroBselventll, n. throttle valve. 
D.R.P., abbrev. (deutsches Reiehs-Patent) im- 
perial German patent. 
AUben, adv. over chere, yonder, 
driiber, adv. = darttber. 
Dmck, m. pressure; compression; oppression; 

impressiaii, print, printing. 
Dmckapparat, m. pressure apparatus. 
Dmckbachsti^ie, m. type. 
dmcken, vj. print; stamp. 
dracfcen, vjL press; squeeze; oppress. 
Drackentwickelaiig*/. development of pressure. 
DmckoTy m. printer. 
Driicker, m. trigger; handle. 
Dmdcerei, /. printing; printing eatablishm^it; 

(Palieo) print works. 
DnackerachwilnEe, /. printer's ink. 
Dmckfarbe, /. printing color. 
Dmekrehler, m. misprinty typographical error. 
Dmekfestigkeit, /. resistance to pressure or 

compression, elasticity qf compression. 
Dmckfilter, n. pressure filter. 
Dmckfimisa, m. printer's varnish. 
Drackflaaclie, /. pressure bottle. 
DrackhOlie, /. {Meeh.) head. 
I>nickkolben,m. pressure flask; (MocA.) piston. 
Dracklegiuig, /. publishing. 
Dmckleltiiiii, /. high-presaure piping. 
Drarkhill, /. co m p roopo d air. 
Dmcktnfl^Hmpet /• pump for compressing air. 
', m, preflBore gage, manometer. 

Dmckmeflflimg, /. pressure measurement. 
Dmckpapier, n. printing paper. 
Dmcicplatte, /. printing plate, engraving. 
Dmckprobe, /. compression test; pressure test; 

(of barley) squeezing test; (printer's) proof. 
Dmckre^er, m. pressure regulator^ 
Druckrohr, m., -rtthre, /. pressure tube, force 

Dmckschiaucli, m. pressure tubing. 
Dmckschrift, /. publication; type. 
Dmckselte, /. page. 
Druckspannuag, /. compression strain, crushing 

DruckstrigMimg, /. rise of pressure. 
Dmckstempel, m. piston. 
Dmckventil, n. pressure valve, disdiarge 

Dmckvermlndemng, /. diminution or decrease 

of pressure. 
Dmckwalxe, /. pressing (or pressure) roller 

(or roll, cylinder). 
Dmckwasser-. hydraulic. 
Dmckwelle, /. pressure wave. 
Drockzeug, n. printing cloth. 
Dmckzunahme, /. increase of pressure, 
drum, dmnter. = darum, darunter. 
Driischen, n. small gland, glandule. 
Druse,/, druse. — pi. Dmsen, dregs, lees; husks; 

Drttse, /. gland. 

Dmsenasche, /. calcined* (wine) lees. 
Dmsenbranntwein, m. spirits distilled from 

fermented lees. 
dnisenfttrmig, a. druay, drused. 
Driisenkrankhelt, /. gland disease; scrofula. 
Driisenkn^f, m. goiter. 
DmsenM, m. grap e see d oQ. 
Draaensehwarz, n. Frankfort black (from wine 

drusig, dmslcht* a. drusy, drused. 
driisig, drilslcht, a. glandlike; glandular. 
dsgl., abbrev. (desgleichen) likewise, ditto. 
du, pnm. thou, you. 
duaUstiscii, a. dualistic. 
ducken, v4. humble.—- «.r. duck; give in. — 

v.i. submit. 
Ducker, m. siphon; one that ducks. 
Ducksteln, m. calcareous tufa. 
duir, a. di:dl. 
Daft, m. odor; fragrance, perfume; vapor, 

daften, v.i. be fragrant; sweat.—- o.(. perfume. 
duftig, a. fragrant, odorous; vaporous, misty. 
DuktiUt&t, /. ductility. 
dolden, v.t. bear, endure, suffer. 
domm, a. stupid, dull, silly. 
dompf, a. damp, musty; hollow; dull; dose. 
Dong, m. manure, fertilizer; dung. 
Diingeglps, m. gypsum for manuring. 
Diingemittd, n. manure, fertilizer. 




dfingen* vjL manure. 

IHIiicer» m. manure, fertilizer; dung. 

Dilngerfiibrik, /. fertilizer factory. 

Dttngenwlz, n. = Dtlngesalz. 

Dongerwort, m. manurial value. 

Dttngesalzy n. saline manure, dung salt. 

Dttngjanche, /. liquid manure. 

Diingpalyer, n. powdered manure, poudrette. 

Dnngsalz, n. saline manure. 

Diingong, f, manuring, f utilizing. 

donkdl, a. dalk; dim, obscure. 

Dunk^ n. dark, darkness, obscurity. 

Dtinkel, m. conceit. 

dnnkelblau, a. dark blue. 

dunkelfarbig, a. dark-colored. 

dankdgrttnt a. dark green. 

Dunkelheit, /. darkness; obscurity. 

Pnnkelkammer, /. dark room; camera obscura. 

dunkdn, v.L & i, darken; deepen, sadden 

Dimkefarotgilldigerz, -gOtigerz, n. dark red silver 

ore (pyrargyrite), 
diinken, v.i. seem, appear. 
diinn, a. thin; dilute, rare, slender. 
Diiiinbier, n. small beer. 
Ditnndarm, m. small intestine. 
Dttnne, /. thinness. 
dunnflussig, a. thinly liquid; watery. 
Diinnlieit, /. thinness, diluteness, rarity, slen- 

DOnnsaft, m. iSttgar) thin juice. 
diinnschlagen, v4. beat out, beat thin. 
Diinnstein, m, {Metal.) thin matt; ^Jewelry) 

table stone. 
diinnwalzen, v.L roll out, roll thin. 
diinnwandig, a, thin-walled. 
Dunst, m. vapor; steam, fume, damp; fine 

Dunstabzug, m. hood (for fumes). 
Dunstabzngsrohr, n. vent pipe. 
djinsten, v.i, steam, vapor, smoke. — v.t. stew. 
Donstfang, m. hood. 

Dunsthiille, /. vaporous envdope, atmosphere. 
Dunstkreis, m. atmosphere. 
DunsUoch, n. vent. 

durch, prep, thru; by, owing to. — adv. thru. 
dorcharbeiten, v.t. work thru, work; knead 

(dough) elaborate; (Dyeing) pole. 
darch&tzen, v.t. eat thru, corrode. 
dorchaus, adv. thruout, completely, by all 

durchbacken, vM bake thoroly. 
dorchbeissen, v.t. bite thru, eat thru. 
durchbeizen, vA. corrode. 
durchbeutrin, vU. bolt (flour). 
dnrchbiegen, v.r. sag. 
Durchbiegung, /. sagging; deflection. 
dnrdhbohren, v.L perforate; bore thru, pimch; 

Dorchbohmng, /. perforation; boring thru. 

dordibredien, v.L break, break thru, open, cut, 
pierce, punch, perforate.— v.t. break thru, 
break out; appear; break. — dnrcfabrochen, 
p.a. pierced, perforated, open-work. 

Durchbrach, m. breaking out or thru; escape 
(of gas); irruption, eruption; op^iing, aper- 
ture, breach, crevasse; (Breunng) collapse (of 
the head). 

dnrchdringbar, a. permeable, penetrable. 

durchdringen, v.t, & i. penetrate; permeate, 

durchdringlich, a. permeable, pervious. 

Durchdringnng, /. penetration. 

durchdHicken, vM » durchpressen. 

durcheinander, adv. confusedly. 

Durchfahrt, /. thorofare, passage, gateway. 

Durchfall, m. diarrhea. 

durchfaUen, v.t. fail thru; (of light) be trans- 
mitted; (of beer) clear; (of beer head) fall 

durchf&rbbar, a. penetrable with color. 

durchfSlrben, v4. dye thoroly; stain thruout. 

durchfenchten, v.t. soak. 

dnrchfressen, v.t, eat thru, corrode. 

durchfrieren, v.L freeze thru, chill. 

durchfiihrbar, a. practicable, feasible. 

durchfUhren, v.t. lead thru, convey thru; carry 
thru, execute, accomplish, conduct; (Ttn- 
plaie) dip, wash. 

Durchf tthrung, /. leading thru, etc. (see durch- 

Durchgang, m. passage; transit. 

durchg&ngig, a. penetrable, permeable; thoro; 
general, usual. 

durchgeben, v.t. filter, strain. 

durchgehen, v.i. go thru; run away; (of light) 
be transmitted. — v.t. "go thru, examine. — 
durchgehend, p.a. piercing, pervading; pass- 
ing thru; transmitted Gight). 

durchgehends, adv. thruout; generally. 

durchgerben, v.t. tan thoroly. 

Durchgerbungszahl, /. degree of tanning, tan- 
ning number. 

Durchgeseihtes, n. filtrate. 

durchgiessen, vA. pour thru, filter, strain. 

durchgltthen, v.t. heat redhot. 

Durchguss, m. filter, strainer; pouring thru, 
filtration; gutter; sink. 

durchheizen, v.t. heat thoroly. 

durchkochen, v.U boil thoroly. 
'durchkommen, v.i.' come thru, get along 
recover. . I 

durchkrenzen, v.t, cross, traverse, intersect. 

Durchlass, m. filter, sieve; passage, opening. 

durchlassen, v.L filter, strain; transnxit Gightj 
etc.) ; let thru; let pass. 

Dorchlassfarbe, /. transmitted color. 

durchlassig, a. permeable, pervious, penetrable 

Durchlilssigkeit, /. permeability, pervious! 




Darehbamnc, /• filtering, etc. (see laaaen); (of 

light, etc) truunuflsioii. 
DnrelilMif, m. 8ieve» colander; ruxming thru. 

dnrcUaiifeii, v.i. filter; run thru. 
dDrcUeften, vM pass thru, conduct. 
dnrcUeachten, vM illuminate. 
Darchleaehtung, /. illumination. 
' dnrdilScheni, n.<. perforate; pierce, punch, 
dnrchlfifltfen, vA. ventilate, air. 
dnrchhrfkaiigsfUiig, a. capable of ventilation or 

dnrehmacheii, vJ, go thru, experience, 
dorchmessen, v.t. pass thru, traverse, measure. 
Dnrchmeas^, m. diameter. 
dnrdmSflseiH v.t. tvet thoroly, soak, steep, 
durchnehmen, 9.<. go over, criticize, 
dnrchnetzen, 9 J. = durchn&ssen. 
dorchpressen, v,i. & i. press thru, force thru, 

squeeze thru; strain, filter. 
dnrchrftnehwii* vd. fumigate; smoke thoroly. 
dnrchreiben, vJ. rub thru, strain; chafe, 

dnrchreiseen, vM & u tear asunder, break, 
dorchrtthren* v.1. stir thoroly. 
durehs&ttlgen, v.t, saturate, 
durchsaugen, vJ. suck thru, force thru by 

dnrchsinren, vM acidify; make sour; leaven 

dnrchscheinen, v.t. shine thru. — durchschein- 

end, p.a. translucent; transparent. 
Dnrehschlag, m. filter, strainer; punch, piercer; 

Durehschlagboden, m. perforated bottom, 
dorehschlagen, vJ, filter, strain; sieve; punch, 
perforate; beat thru. — v.t. get thru, pene- 
trate; (of paper) blot; act. 
dnrchsehnriden* vJ. intersect, cross; cut thru; 

cut across. 
Durchschnitt, m. cut, section; intersection; 

average, mean. 
dnrehsclmitUich, a. average. — adv, on an 

Dorchschnittsprobe, /. average sample. 
Dorchsclmittewert, m. average value. 
I^nrchschnittssahl, m. mean. 
I>wch8chii88, m. woof, weft; interleaf; (Print- 
ing) lead, 
dsrchsehttttelii, v.t. shake thoroly, agitate, 
dnrehseiheii, vd. strain, filter, percolate. 
Dnrchseiher, nt. strainer, filter, percolator. 

dnrchaetoeii, vd, permeate, infiltrate; (Aftn.) 
interml igle; (Mining) sieve, sift; intersect; 
carry torn. 

Durcliaicht, /. view, inspection, revision. 

dordudebtig, a. transparent; clear. 

Durcludchtigkeit, /. transparency; clearness* 

dorchaickem, v,i. & r. trickle thru, perccdate. — 
V.L strain, filter. , 

dorchaieben, v.L sift, sieve, screen, bolt. 

dnrdudntenu v.t. trickle thru, percolate. 

durehatechen, vd, pierce, stab, tut; (MetaL) 

durchfltosaen. vd. push thru, punch. 

durehstrahlen, v.t. radiate thru, shine thru. — 
vd, penetrate with rays, irradiate. 

dnrcfastreichen, vd. run thru, go thru; sift, 
screen; cross out. — durchstreichende Linie, 

dnrchstrttmen, vd, stream thru, flow thru. 

durchtr&nken, v.t, saturate, impregnate, infil- 

dnrchtreiben, v.i, drive or force thru; specif., 
distil. — durchtrieben, p.a, cunning; clever. 

dorchwachaen, vd, & i, grow thru. — v.r. inter- 
penetrate, intermingle. 

dnrchwi&ssem, v,t. soak, drench. 

durchweg, cidv, thruout. 

dorchwerfen, vd, sift, screen, bolt; tngect. 

durchwiihlen, vd. rake up, ransack. 

Dorchwurf, m. sieve, screen, riddle. 

dorchzelchnen, v,t. trace. 

dorchziehen, v.t. draw thru; intermix. 

Dorchziehglas, n. (Micros.) slide. 

Durchzog, m, passage; circulation; girder. 

diirfen, v.t.' be permitted; need; dare; be likely. 

dorflte, pret, of dOrf en. . 

diirftig, a, scanty, poor; needy. 

Dorochinon, n. duroquinone. 

Durol, n. durene. 

diirr, a. dry, arid; dried, withered, dead; bar- 
ren, sterile; lean; plain. 

Dttrre, /. drjmess, etc. (see dttrr). 

Durst, m. thirst. 

dursten, dilrsten, v.t. be thirsty. 

durstig, a, thirsty; eager. 

Diise, /. nozzle, twyer (or tuydre), blastpipe. 

diister, a. dark, dusky; gloomy, sad. 

Date, Dute, /. = TUte. 

Dutzend, n. dozen. 

Djmamlk, /. dynamics. 

dynamisch, a. dynamic. 

dystektisch, a. dystectic 





£., abbrev. (Erstammgspimkt) freezing point. 

Ebbe, /. ebb, ebb tide. 

eben, a. even; plane; level, flat, smooth. — 
adv. evenly; exactly; even, just. 

Ebenbanm, m, ebony tree. 

Ea>eiiWlcU ti. image, likeness. 

ebenda, adv, at that same place. 

Ebene, /. plane; plain. 

ebenen, v.t. level, ^tten, smooth. 

ebenfalls, adv. likewise, also, equally. 

E^nhiriz, n. ebony. 

ebenieren, v.t. ebonize. 

Ebenmass, n. symmetry; harmony. 

theaao, adv. just so, just as. 

Eber, nL boar. 

Eberesche, /. mountain ash, service tree. 

Eberwurz, /. carline thistle {Carlina). 

Ebne, n. plane; plain. 

ebnen, v.t. » ebenen. 

ebulUeren, «:i. boil up; break out. 

Echapp^-Ol, n. recovered oQ. 

echt, a. genuine, true, real; pure, unadulter- 
ated^ (of colors) fast; ingrain. 

Eehtgdb, n. fast yellow, aniline yellow. 

Echtheit, /. genuineness, etc. (see e<^t). 

Echtheitsgrad, m. {Dyeing) degree of fastness. 

Eek, n. angle; summit <of a crystal). 

Ecke, /. comer, angle; edge (plane augle); 
summit (of a crystal) ; quoin. 

Eckeisen, n. angle iron; (MetoZ.) angtilar 

eckelhaft, a. disgusting, offensive. 

Ecker, /. acorn; beechnut. 

Eckerdoppe, /. acorn cup. 

EcklK^ n. squared timber. 

eckig, a. angular, cornered, angled; awkward. 

edel, a. noble (as applied to metieds,) resisting 
oxidation, as gold and the platinum metals 
and, to a lesser extent, silver and some others; 
as apiplied to gases, inert, as argon) ; precious 
(stones, etc.); {Mining) rich; ^ vital (organs, 

Edelerz, n. rich ore, ore containing precious 

Edelgalm^, m. smithsonite. 

Edelgas, n. noble gas, inert gas (any gas of the 
argon group). 

Edelhirsch, m. stag. 

EdeUeate, p{. nobility, gentry. 

Edelmetall, n. noble metal (see edd). 

eddmttdg, a. noble, generous. 
Edelstahl, tn. refined steel; specif. , any of cer- 
tain superior aUoy steds. 
Edeistein, m. precious stone, gem, jewel. 
Edeltanne, /. silver fir (esp. Abies picea), 
Edelwild, n. deer. 
edieren, 9.<. edit; publish. 
edulkorieren, vJ. edulcorate, wasfi. 
Efen, m. ivy. 
^oirvesrieren, v.t. effervesce. 

. .- "^^ren, v.t. effloresce. 
I ^^isessig) glacial acetic add. 

: « ',1.' . • '"n (colors). 

• . • * • • Mr-e; level, flatten. — v.i. 

>u^iiti' l<«veling agent. 

i .:«'.. 

j^ii'-i, '■ it' . . . 

Egge./ • . • ^-1- - 

eggen, vJt. ^ 

Egoutteur, to. {I'o:-"' :<.--• 

Egreniermaschlne, /. ^' < ■ 

ehe, conj. before, ere. 

Ehe, /. matrimony, marriage. 

ehedem, adv. formerly. 

ehelich, a. matrimonial, conjugal. 

ehemals, adv. formerly. 

Ehemann, m. married man, husband. 

Ehepaar, n. married couple. 

eher, adv. sooner, rather. 

ehem, a. brazen, of brass, of bronze. 

Ehescjieidiing, /. divorce. 

eheste, id. soonest, next. 

ehrbar, a. honorable; reputable; modest. 

Ehrbegierde, /. ambition. 

Ehre, /. honor; character; reputation. 

ehren, v.t. honor; esteem. 

ehrenhafl, a. honorable. 

Ehrenmitglied, n. honorary member. 

Ehrenponkt, m. point of honor. 

Ehrenrettong, /. vindication; apology. 

ehrenrtthrig, a. defamatory, libellous. 

Ehrenstelle, /. honor, preferment. 

ehrenvoil, a. honorable, creditable. 

ehrenwert, a. honorable, respectable. 

ehrerbietig, a. respectful. 

Ehrgefiihl, n. sense of honor. 

Ehrgeiz, m. ambition. 

ehrlich, a. honest, fair, honorable, decent. 

ehrwttrdig, a. venerable, reverend. 





H, n. egg; ovum. 

Elbe, /. yew. 

EiblBcli, m. marshmallow. . 

Eachamt, n. gaging office. 

Eichapfei, m. oak gall, gall nut. 

Eichbamii, m. oak tree. 

Eiche, /. oak; gage, standard. 

Eichel, /. acorn; g^ans penis. 

Eicheldoppe, /. acorn cup. 

eichdfSrmig, a. acomnBhaped, glandiform. 

Qclielzocker, fit. acorn sugar, querdte. 

eidien; a. oak, oaken. 

ddien, to. gage, measure, standardize, cali- 
brate; test, stamp or adjust (weights or 

ESchen, n. little egg; ovule. 

Eichengerbsfture, /., Eichengerbstoff, m. quer- 
citannic acid, oak tannin. 

Qchenhdz, n. oak wood, oak. 

Eichenrlnde, /. oak bark. 

Ekhenrindengerbflftiire, /. querdtannic add. 

Elciienrot, n. oak red. 

Eichensamen, m. acorn. 

Ekher, m. gager. 

eidifUiig, a. capable of adjustment. 

Eichhdz, n. oak wood, oak. 

Qchmass, n. gage, standard measure. 

Eiehmeister, m. gager, adjuster. 

Eiehnagd, m. gage mark. 

Eichschein, m. certificate (that an instrument 
has been standardized). 

Eichimg, /. gaging, etc (see eidien, v^t.). 

Eld, m. oath. 

ESdam, m. son-in-law. 

Eidbmch, m. perjury. 

Qdeehse, /. UzaM. 

Eldcrdaonen,, eiderdown. 

Eldgenoea, m. confederate, ally. 

eidUch, a. sworn, on oath. 

Eldotter, m. egg yolk. 

Eldotterfett, m. ledthln. 

Qer, n.p2. eggs. 

Qeralbomin, n. egg albumin, ovalbumin. 

Elerdotter, m. yolk of eggs. 

Elerdrttse, /. corpus luteum. 

Elertfi, n. egg-yolk oil. 

Elerpolver, n. egg powder, custard powder. 

Etefschale, /. egg shdL 

Qerstock, m. ovary. 

Elerweias, n. white of ef^s. 

Eifer, m. zeal, eagemea8,^paa8ion. 

eifem, v.i, be zealous, be jealous, dedaim. 

Eifersueht, /. jealousy; rivalry; envy. 

ctfiiinnig, a. egg-shaped, oval, ovoid. 

^rig, a. zealous, earnest, ardent. 

Elgdb, n. egg yolk. 

^gen, a. own, individual, sdf-; proper, spedfle, 
special; odd; exact. 

Elgenart, /. peculiarity, individuality. 

dgenartig, a. peculiar, singular; originaL 

Etgenartigkeit, /. peculiarity. 
Eigenbewegang, /. proper motion, individual 

EigendrehuDg, /. proper rotation. 
Eigengewicfat, n. specific gravity;^ its own 

weight; dead wdght; proper weight. 
eigenhUndig, a. with one's own hand. 
eigenmilchtig, a. arbitrary; despotic 
Eigenname, m. proper name 
dgenntttzig, a. sdfish. 
dgena, adv. expressly. 
Elgenschalt, /. property; quality. 
Elgenscfaaftswort, n. adjective; epithet. 
Eigendnn, m. wilfulness, stubbornness. 
eigentUch, a. proper, true, real, intrinsic — 

ado. properly, really. 
ESgentnm, n. property. 
eigentttmUch, a. characteristic; peculiar.; 

Elgentiiniiiclikeit, /. diaractoristic; peculiarity. 
Elgenwftrme, /. spedfic heat; body heat. 
eignen, vJ. suit, qualify; appropriate. — p.r. pe 

qualified, be suited, be adapted. — geeignet, 

puu suited, adapted, suitable, fit, proper. 
ESle, /. haste; speed. 
eilen, v.i. hasten, hurry. 
eOfertig, a. hasty. 

Eiignt, n. goods shipped on post trains. 
eDig, a. hasty, speedy. 
Eilzng, m. express train, fast train. 
ESmer, m. bucket, pail. 
ein, a. a, an; one. - 
dn, ado. in, within, into. 
dnaehsig, a. uniaxial. 
dnander, ado. one another, each other. 
einarmig, a. one-armed. 

einSflcliem, o.<. incinerate, calcine; bum to ashes. 
dnatmen, vd. inhale. 
elnatomlg, a. monatomic 
Einbadscfawarz, n. {Dyeing) one-dip black. 
EInbadverfahren, n. single-bath process. 
einbalsamieren, vJ. embalm. 
ESnband, m, binding; cover. 
einbaaisdi, einbasig, a. monobadc 
einbehalten, o.t. keep back, retain. 
dnbeizen, vU. etch in. 
einbetten, v.t. imbed. 
einbiegen, o.<. bend in, turn down, deflect. — 

o.r. sag. 
Einbiegung, /. curvature, inflection, 
dnbilden, o.r. imagine, think; pride onesdf. — 

^ngebfldet, p. a, imaginary; concdted. 
Efaibildnng, /. imagination, fancy. 
dnbinden, vA, bind, bind in, fasten. 
einblasen, v4, blow in, blow into, inject (gas), 

Einblasen, n. blowing in, injection, insufflation. 
Einblick, m. indght. 
einbrechen, o.t. break into, burglarise; break; 

begin. — vM break in. 




.'• » 



rinbrennen, v,t. bum in; anneal (colors); cau- 
terize; brand; siilfur, match (casks). 

«inbringen, v.t, bring in, get in, yield; insert. 

Einbruch, m. breaking in; breaking down; 

einbriihen, v.t. steep in boiling water, scald. 

einbiirgem, v4. adopt; naturalize. 

Einbnsse, /. loss, damage. 

einbttssen, v.t. lose. 

Eindampfapparat, m. evaporating apparatus. 

eUidampfen, v.i. become thickened by evapora- 
tion, boil down. 

eindampfen, elnd&mpfen, v.t. evaporats, con- 
^ centrate by evaporation, boil down, inspis- 
sate; st^tm; smoke. 

Eindampfen, n., Eindampfung, Eindilmpfting, 
/. evaporation, etc. (see eindampfen). 

eindecken, v.t. cover. 

Eipdeckung, /. covering; roofing. 

eindeutig, a. plain, dear, unequivocal. 

eindicken, v.t. thicken, inspissate. 

eindimensio&al, a. unidimensional. 

eindorren, v.i. shrink in drying; dry up. 

eindr&ngen, v.t. force in, intrude. 

«indringen, v.t. press in, penetrate, infiltrate 

eindringlich, a. impressive, forcible. 

Eindruck, m. impression. 

eindmcken, v.t. (Calico) block in, ground in. 

eindrttcken, v.t.: imprint, impress, stamp; crush 
in; flatten; press, compress. 

«inen, v.i. & r. unite. 

einengen, v.t. concentrate;* compress, confine, 
narrow, contract. 

einer, pron. one. 

Einer, m. unit, digit. 

einerlei, a. of one kind, the same. 

einfach, a. simple; single; elementary; primary 
(colors) ; plain. — einfacher Korper, simple or 
elementary substance, denient. 

einfach-. (in old names of compounds) proto- 
(mono-; -ous). — einfach-Bromjod, iodine 
monobromide. — einfach - Chlorjod, iodine 
monochloride. — einfach-Chlorschwefel, pro- 
tochloride of sulfur (sulfur monochloride). — 
einfach-Chlorann, protochloride of tin (stan- 
nous chloride). — einfach-Schwefeleisen, pro- 
tosulfide of iron (ferrous sulfide). — einfach- 
Schwefeimetall, protosulfide (monosulfide; 
-ous sulfide). — einfach-Schwefelzimi, proto- 
sulfide of tin (stannous sulfide). 

einfachkohlensauer, a. neutral carbonate of. 

einfachwirkend, p.a. single-acting. 

einfadeln, v.t. thread; contrive. 

einfahren, v.t. carry in, get in, break in, break. 

Einfahrt, /. entrance. 

Einfall, m. falling in, fall, decay; inroad; idea; 
(Physics) incidence. 

einf alien, v.i. fall upon, fall in, interrupt, occur; 
(Mining) dip. — einfaliend, p.a. (Optics) inci- 



t'^ ■.-• 

wdl; dye in the 

^ . onochromatic. 
, ase, barrel; bind. 

S'' 1 






Einfalt, /. si 


cinfarbig, a 

cinfassen, ?. 
trim, set. 

einfetten, v 

einflnden, ; . 



einfldssen, t 

Einfluss, n 

Elnflnssro} I ■ ..iflux pipe (or tube). 

einformen. .'. -'- Id on a jigger. 

einformig, .-. :i r; < otonous. ' 

cinfressen, v.t. corrode; devour. 

einfrieren, v.t. freeze, congeal, freeze up. 

einfttgen, v.t. insert; fit in; rabbet. 

Einfkihr* /. importation, import; bringing in; 

einfiihren, v.t, introduce; import; inaugurate. 

Einfiilining, /. introduction; importation; in- 

einfiillen, v.t. fill, fill in, fill up, pour in. 

ESngabe, /. presentation; petition. 

Eingang, m. entrance; importation; introduc- 
tion; mouth; receipt. 

eing&ngig, a. (:M<ich.) single-thread. 

eingeben, v.t. give, administer. 

eingebildet, p.a.. see einbUden. 

eingebrannt, p.p. of einbrennen. 

eingedenk, a. mindful. 

eingehen, v.i. go in, come in, enter, arrive; 
cease;, agree; (of fabrics) shrink.— einge- 
hend, p.a. going in, etc.; exhaustive; (Geom.) 

eingemacht, p.p. of einmachen. 

Eingemachtes, n. preserves, conserves. 

eingenommen, p.a* See einnehmen. 

eingesalzen, p.a. See einsalzen. 

eingesehichtet, p.p. of einschichten. 

eingescliiiffen, p.p. of einschleifen. 

eingeschmolzen, p.p. of einschmelzen. 

eingesprengt, p.p. of einsprengen. 

eingestehen, v.i. confess, admit. 

Elngeweide, n. entrails, viscera. 

eingiessen, v.t. pour in; infuse. 

Eingiessung,/. pour'ngin; infusion; transfusion. 

eingraben, v.t. engrave; dig in. 

eingreifen, v.i. catch, lock, interlock; infrii^e. 
— eingreifend, p.a. radical. 

Eingreifen, n., Eingriff, m. intervention, inter- 
ference; (Mack.) gearing, gear. 

Eingoss, m. pouring in; infusion; mold. 

Einhalt, m. check, restraint, interruption. 

einhaiten, v.t. keep in, take in, stop, keep. — 
v.i. cease. 

einlittndigen, vJ. hand over, ddiver. 





dnhaaen, 9 J, cut in, cut open, cut up. 
einhefanisch* a. domestie; native; indicenoua; 

einheimsen, vJ» gamer; bring home. 
ESnheit, /. unit; unity. 
einheitUch, a. unitary; uniform, homogeneous; 

ESnheitsmaase, /. unit mass, 
einhellig, a. unanimous, united, 
einher, adv. along. 

einholen, v.L overtake; obtain; haul in. 
einhjillen, v4. imbed; enwrap, envelop, 
einig, a. united, 
einigen, vX imite. 
einiger, pron. some; several, 
einigermassen, adv. in some degree. 
Einigkeit, /. imity, union, harmony, 
einjahrig, a. of one year, annual, 
einkalken, eink&lken, vd, treat in lime, soak in 

lime water. 
ESnkaof, m. buying, purchase, 
einkellem, v.i. store (in a cellar), cellar, lay in. 
dnkerben, v.t. notch, indent. 
ESnkerbung, /. notching, notch, indentation, 
einkernig, a. uninuclear, mononuclear. 
eioUammem, v.t. enclose in brackets or paren- 
theses: cramp. 
ESnklang, m. harmony, unison, 
einkochen, »./. boil down, evaporate. — v.i. 

thicken by boiling. 
Einkommen, n. income; revenue; profit. 
ESnkilnfte, income, revenue, 
einladen, v.t. load in; invite. 
BSnlage, /. something laid or put in; enclosure; 

investment; filler (of a dgar). 
einlagem, v.t. infiltrate, deposit; store. 
Qnlass, m. inlet; letting in, admission, 
einlassen, v.t. let in, admit; insert, 
efailaufecht, a. imsluinkable. 
eialaufen, v.i. enter; arrive; shrink, contract, 
einlangen, v.t. soak in lye, buck. 
eialj^en, v.i. put, place, lay (in); soak, steep; 

pickle; preserve, put up (fruits, etc.) ; imbed; 

insert; 'inlay, 
einleiten, vU. introduce; (of gases) conduct, pass 

or convey in, inject; preface; initiate, start. 
Einleitung, /. introduction, etc. (see einleiten); 

preface; preparation. 
Einleltungsroli|-, n. inlet tube, tube by which 

gases are introduced, 
einleuchten, v.i.' be dear, 
einldten, v4. solder in. 

einmachen, v.t. preserve, conserve, pickle; tem- 
per dime); knead (dough); wrap up. 
einmaischen, v.t. (.Brewing) dough in. 
Sinmaischtemperatur, /. (Brewing) doughing-in 

temperature, initial temperature (of the mash). 
dnmal, ad9. once; ever. — aufeinmal, suddenly; 

nicht ^nmal, not even, 
dnmalig, a. single; solitary. 

einmischen, v.L mix in, intermix, blend* — v.r ■ 

einmttnden, v.i. empty, discharge; inosculate. 
einmtttig, a. of one mind, united. . 
Einnahme, /. taking in, receipt, receipts, 

einnehmen, v.t. take in, take, receive; occupy. 

captivate; overcome.— eingenommen, pai 

prejudiced; infatuated; dizzy. 
Eindde, /. desert, wild. 
eindlen, v.t. oil. 

einpacken, v.t, pack, pa6k up; imbed. 
^phasig, a. one-phase, single-phase, mono- 
phase, Uniphase. 
einpttkeln, v.t. pickle, com. ^^- — 

einpollg, a. unipolar. .-'"'"'^ 

einprSgen, v.t. impress, imprint. ^ 
einpressen, v.t. press, compress; ^oroe in. 
einprozentig, a. one per cent. 
einpudern, v.t. powder. 
einpumpen, v.L pump in. 
einqnellen, v4. steep, soak. 
einrahmen, v.t. frame. 
einrauchern, v.t. fumigate; smoke. 
Einrftuchenuig, /. fumigation. 
einrftunien, vU. stow away; furnish; yield, 

^inrede, /. objection, protest. 
einreden, v.t. talk into. — v.t. interrupt; object. 
einreiben, v.L rub in, smear. 
Einreibung, /. rubbing in, smearing; li^naaD^bf''-^^ 

embrocation. y-^"' 

einreichen, v.i. hand in, presentr ' 
einreihig, a. single-series. ^ 
einreissen, v.t. rend; ^molish. — v.i. tear; 

einrennen, vA. melt down; run down. 
Einrennen, n. melting down, first smelting. 
einrichten, v.t. arrange, set right, adjust, organ- 
ize, establish. 
Einrichtung, /. arrangement; contrivance; es- 

tabli^ment; furniture; setting (of bones). 
Einriss, m. rent, fissure. 
einrosten, v.i. rust in, be covered with rust. 
einriicken, v.t. (Mtich.) engage, cause to engage, 

throw in. 
einrtthren, v.t, mix by stirring, stir up; beat 

eins, a. one. 

einsaen, v.t. sow in (as crystals into a solution). 
einsalben, v.t. grease; anoint; embalm. 
einsalzen, v.t. salt, salt down, com, brine. 

— eingesalzen, p.a. salted, corned, salt. 
einsam, a. alone, solitary, retired. 
Einsatz, m. putting in, insertion; something 

put in, as a tray, a nest (of boxes or the like), 

a charge (in a furnace), or a liner (in a 

centrifugal drum). 
Einsatzgewichte, weights in nests, nest ^ 









Efaisfttshllrtimg, /. caoehardenlng 
Einaatzkeisflel, m,pl. set of kettlet. 
lamwtatBtahl, m. eaaehardened ste» <. 
Eaiis«tettlr» /. charging door, 
einsilaeni, v.t. acidify, sour; vintu- 

Eansange-. absorbent; lymphatic. 
Einsaugemittel, n. absorbent. 
einsaagen, v.t. absorb; suck up, si "^ . — 

v.r. be absorbed, soaJc in. — ^nsaugt k 

absorbent, absorptive. \ 

Einsaugung, /. absorption; suction. 
etnAarig, a. monacid. 
einaehalten, vA. put in, insert, introduce; 

»^.k!t<•h in. 
einschiiten, v.t, enjoin, impress. 
etittchenken, v.t, pour in, pour out (into some- 
einsehichten, v.t. imbed; stratify, arrange in 

layers; interstratify; pack. 
einschichtig, a. of one layer, single. 
einsdilebeii, v.t. shove in, put in, insert. 
einschl&fem, v.t. make- drowsy, narcotize; lull. 

— einschlafernd, p.a. soporific, narcotic. 
einscMaffen, v.t. fall asleep. 
ESnscfalag, m. wrapper, envelope; plait, fold; 

woof; sulfur match (for casks); striking in; 

einschlagen, v.t. strike in, break, punch; wrap 

up, cover; follow, adopt; dip (sheet metal); 
- "'"'TRifiiikr (wine). — r.i. sink in; strike; succeed; 

shake haii^. 
einscUagig, a?belonging, pertinent, appropriate. 
elnscUeifen, v.t. grind in; engrave. 
einschiiessen, v.L inClde, enclose, surround, 

lock in. 
einschliessUch, adv. inclusive, indusivdy. 
einscUucken, v.t. absorb; gulp down. 
einschlttpfen, v.t. soak in; sUp in. 
Einachlnss, m. inclusion, including; endosure. 
EinscMussrohr, n. sealed tube. 
leiinschlaBsthermometer, n. & m. thermometer 

with endosed scale. 
einschmalzen, v.t. grease, oil. 
ein8chmelzen,9.<.&i.mdtdown;mdtin, fuse in. 
EInschmelzflasche, /. bottle dosed by fusion. 

.' I] 



EInschmelzglas, " 

^.«;ki^ <»i««. j^Qf sealing in 

platinum point 


>n which sub- 

stances are enc 

• •, - 


«ln8climleren, v.t 

• ^ .> ' • 

i ibricate. 

Elnschnitt, m. in< 

r {1-1 , 


einschnfiren, vd. c«. 

. THf 

p, lace up. 

Einschnilrung, /. f 

:■ ,-,;• 

ding up. 

einschr&nken, v.t. 

• V" - . 


«in8chreiben, v.t. 

rt, r 


«in8chrumpfen, v. 

'., - 

«inschtttten, v.t. p ' 

' 'n. T- ■' 


«in8chwefeln, v.t. 

^insehen, v.L looli ' 

. • , U' 

i, percdve. 


■r J 

Ihisehen, n. 
o Vseifen, v.- ^ 

, -■. . " ■ '• ./. 

. ' «eitig, a. 

' T'.,: . ^ral; r. 

w . <)etzen, ' 

•:.i- itj. .'nsert 

rve (fr 

. instal 


. etc (se 

etcU. •'^■k:u 

. •' 1.'.'ze '• •- 

'. .L'uii 'joat. 

»Ci ' s' ^f • •* ... 

rfit of weih 

..■'*/ i. ' ••■ 

<' ' ' *. '.oor. 

. •• . ; * • . ' 

i* ioi ^ insight, 
Ar\ V judidous 

. .•• J 

^.' '. . ■. l: 

V- i.i>i, soak in. 



Einsi '■ . i'. ■■ • • i . 
einspeicLi !■• .is ite. — v.i. 

einspielen, v.i. v*^-^ " a. 
Einsprache, /. objection, exceptior 
einsprengen, o.<. sprinkle; intersp ..:<^, 

nate; interstratify; burst open 
einspringen, v.t. spring in; (of fabrics) shci- 

(of an angle) reenter. 
einspritzeii, v.L squirt in, inject, syringe. 
Einspritzer, m. injector; syringe. 
ESnspritzhahn, m. injection cock. 
Einspritzung, /. injection. 
Einspruch, m. objection, exception, 
einst, adv. once; some time. 
einstampfen, vU. ram down, compress. 
EInstandiqHreis, m. cost price. 
einstftuben, v.t. dust, powder, 
einstechen, v.t. stick in, pierce. 
einstehen, v.i. answer, guarantee. 
einstellbar, a. adjustable. 
einstelien, v.t. put in, set in; standardize 

solution); stop, suspend; adjust, regulflv 

put up, lay up; engage (hdp); (OpH 

focus. — v.r. appear; (of a magnet) set 

einstdlen auf, standardize against. 
Einsteller, m. regulator, thermostat (see a 

Elnstenimg, /. putting in, standardizatu 

etc. (see einstdlen) ; stiandard (of a solutio 
Einsdch, m. puncture. 
einstimmen, v.t. chime in, agree, accord, 
einstimmig, adv. unanimously. 
einstossen, v.<. thrust in, ram in; break in. 
einstreichen, v.(. nick, slit (fi.g, with a filt 

rub; take in. 
einstreuen, v.t. strew, sprinkle. 
einstrtfmen, v.t. stream in, flow in. , 
Einstr5mventil, n. inlet valve. ^ 

etnstttrzen, v.t. fall in, cdlapse. — vA. dem^^ 
einstweilen, adv. meanwhile, for a time. \j^, 
einsumpfen, v.t. wet, soak. (q 

eintSgig, a. of a day's duration, one day's, 
eintaachen, v.t. dip, plunge, inunerse; steep. 

v.t. dip in, sink in. 
Eintansch, m. exchange, bartering. 
einteigen, v.t. impaste, make into paste 

dough; {Brewing) dough in. 





eintenen» «.(. divide; distribute; Mpsrmte.'— 
in Grade eintetteiw graduate. 

eintdUc o- one-part, sini^e. 

I^ntdlimg,/. division; graduation; separation; 
classification; distribution. 

eintdnig, a. monotonous. 

Eintracht, /. harmony; unity. 

Eintrag, m. entry; woof; damage, prejudice. 

eintragen, vJ. carry in; introduce; enter, 
record) yield. 

eintiftglidh, a. profitable. 

eintri&iiken» v.<. soak, steep, impregnate. 

eintrftnfeln, v.L drop in, instiL 

eintreffen, v.L arrive; happen. 

eintrdben* vJ, drive in; rub in; collect. 

eintreten, v.i. enter; set in, commence; occur. 

eintrichtem* vJ, pour in with a fjmnd. 

Eintriti, m, entrance, entry; luimission; appear- 
ance; commencement; (Optia) incidence. 

^trocknen* vA. dry, dry up; nurink in drying. 

dntn^en, dntrJ^cAn, vM drop ok; instil. 

ein-ond-einachsig, a. (Cryst.) ortnbrhombic 

eioTerieiben, v.L incorporate, embody. 

Einvemelunttng, /. understanding. 

ehiTerstanden* pM, agreed. 

Elnw., abbrw. (Einwirkung) action, influence. 

QnwUgelfiffely m. weighing-in spoon. 

einwigen, vjL weigh in, weigh and put in. 

2inwalkeii» vJ. full close; force (oil, etc.) by 
fulling. — v,i. shrink by fulling. 

s^inwand, m. objection, exception. 

^wandem, o.t. immigrate. 

'inwandfirei, a. unobjectionable, unezception- 

' able. 

^inwftrts, ado. inward. 

dinwaschen, vjL wash, 
einwiflserig, a. (Dyeing) on04>ath. 

HnwHnocm, vd. lay in water, steep, soak, 
elnweben, 9 J. inweave. — v.r. shrink. 
Hnweibig, a. monogynous. 
dnweicheii, vA. ateep, soak* macerate, digest, 

infuse; let (flax). 
Einweichning, /. steeping, etc (see einweichen). 
einwenden, vJ. object, oppoee. 
einwerfen, vJ. throw in. ¥"" 

einwertig, a. univalent, 
[einwickelii, vJ. wrap up, wrap in, Indose. 
panwleg-. See Einwftff-. 
leinwflligen, v.i, oonaent, approve, 
leinwirkeiw v.u act; exert influence. — pJ. work 
*' wea^ in. 

M kuag, /. action; influence. 

i rkuBgaprodukt, n. resultant product, 
i I »hiier, m. inhabitant. 
I ' vnrf, in. objection; reply; slot. 
1 f^taUiiBg, /. payment, instalment; share. 
F^nzel.. singike, individuaL 
^:linzelbleel^ n. sii^^e tinplate. 

Jnzelfall, m. particular ease^ individual case, 
a n x dh eit,/. detail, particular; singleness. 

dnseOlg, a, single-celled, unicellular. 
einaein, a, sinfl^e, separate, individual. 
EInzelpotentlaL single potential. 
Eanzelverkaof, m. retail, retailing. 
ESnzelvorgang, m. single or separate process or 

einziehen,' vA. draw in, puU in; absorb; re> 

duce, lessen; collect; confiscate. — v.L soak in, 

infiltrate; enter. — o.r. shrink, contract; retire. 
Einziehungsmittd, n. absorbent, 
einsig, a. only, single, unique. 
elnzuckem, v.t. sugar; preserve (with sugar). 
EInmg, tn. entry, entrance. 
einind, a. oval. 
Eia, n. ice. 

Eieabkilhlnng, /. cooling or refrigeration with ioi;. 
elHfthnHch, a. icelike, resembUng ice. 
eisartig, a. icelike, i<Qr. 
ESsen, n. iron; iron instrumunt Or^utensil; 

Easenabfiilie, scrap iron. 
Eiaenalann, m. iron alum (ferric potassium suN 

fate). , . 

Elsenantlmonerz, n., Elsenantimonglaiix, m. 

eisenarm, a. pi^^iron. 
lasenarsenik, n. iro. arsenide, sppicif., (ihfin.) 

l5Uingite or Ieuocopy«ite. 
eisenartig, a. ironlike, ferruginous, chalybeate.^ 
Elsenasbcat, m. fibrous silica formed in iron. 

Eiaenbahn, /. railroad, railway. 
ESsenbelze, /. iron mordant, iron liquor. 
Eisenbeton, m. ferro-eoncrete, reinforced con** 

Eisenblan, n. Xasenblauvat, m. =* Bla*)cisen- 

spat. - ■ 

Eisenblauerde, /. earthy vivianite. 
eisenblansaner, a. of or combined with f erro- 

cyanic acid, ferrocyaiude of. 
Elsenblaustture, /. ferrocyanic add. 
Eisenblech, n. sheet iron, iron plate. 
Efsenblende, /. pitchblende. 
Eisenblock, /. ingot, bloom or block of ircm. 
Eisenblomen, /.pi. iron flowers (ferric chloride). 
EisenblUte, /. flos ferri (coralloid form of ara- 

Eiaenbromld, n. iron bromide, specif., ferric 

Eisenbromttr, n. ferrous bromide. 
Eisenbromilrbromid, n. ferrosoferric bromide, 
ESsenbrtthe, /. iron mordant. 
Elsenchinawdn, m. iron and quinine wine. 
Eiaenclilorid, n. iron chloride, specif., ferric 

lasendilorfir, n. ferrous chloride. 
Easenchlorttrchlorid, n. ferrosoferric chloride. 
BsenchlorwassersCoff, m. ferrichl«'ric add. 
Eisenchrom, n. (Min.) chrcm^c iron, chromite. 
EisenchryaoUth, m. hyalostderite; fayalite. 








Eisencjranfarbe, /. iitm-cyanoge 
ESoeneyanid, n. iron cyanide, spe : 

ide; ferrocyanide. 
gaaepcyankalinm, n. potassium fa 
lasencyanttr, n. ferrous cyanide. 
Eisencyanttrzinkozyd, n. zinc ferroi . 
Elaencyanverbindang, /. iron-cyan 

pound, ferro- or ferricyanogen coir.r '» • i 
Elsendraht, m. iron wire. 
ESsenerdey /. ferruginous earth, iror "■ * >•. 

(Ceram.) kind of hard stoneware - .* i-. 

ESsenerde, earthy vivianite. 
ESsenerz, n. iron ore. 
Eisenfarbe, /. iron color, iron gray. 
Eisenfeilicht* n^ Eisenfeile. /., ISsenfeiu^'''^ e, 
''^.pL iron filings, 
iiiif iift-gj, a. free from iron. 
||tengaBg, m. iion lode, iron-ore vein, 
fiaengars, J. ii^a pig. 
iCtsMigestdi, n. iron stand, iron frame. 
IBhwngewinmuig, /. iron production. 
H—ngie— rei, /. ircm founA-y; iron foimding. 
HBeugilbe, /. yCTOW ocher. 
fSaenglanz, m. iron glance, specular iron (form 

of hematite). 
Eisen^Ummer, m. micaceo*^' -LrOn ore (form of 

hematite- ''"^. . -^ 

^^^Afiilimmerschiefer, "Tr. itabirite. 

ngranat, m. iron garnet (almandite). 
eisengran, a. iron-gray. 
Eisengraupen, /.p2. granular bog iron ore. 
Eisengrund, m. iron liquor. 
Eisenguss, m. iron casting; cast iron. 
eisenhaltig, a. containing iron, ferriferous, fer- 
ruginous, chalybeate. 
Eiseni'irt, Eisenhardt, m. ferriferous gold sand. 
Eisenliolz, n. ironwood. 
Elsenhut, m., Eisenhiitchen, n. aconite, monksH 

Elsenhiitte, /. ironworks, irop mill; forge. 
Eisenhttttenkunde, /. metallurgy of iron. 
ESsenhydroxyd, n. ferric hydroxide. 
ESsenhydroxydul, n. *^-rous hydr'^-r' le. 
IQsenJodid, n. iron {• ' • :• .*ric iodide. 


m alimi. 


l-s J<,f 


• - 

' . iombischer 





1 ; '^ 

1 s 

iikiesei, m. fi ) . 

Eisenkobalterz. *- 
tite OT smal^ t* 
Ei8enkohlei|o> . d 
'Hivenkraut, n. v ' 
^nleb^er.' n :• 


>iV- '*-. .^> B, m.f cobal- 

. J i • -; . 
■ .^" c ■■ »')»i<,ie. 

••li'- .' r> le. 

Wlwonmangan, n. ferromanganeae. 

Etoenmanganerz, n. manganiferous iron ore, 
ferriferous manganese ore. 

ESsenmann, m. a scaly form of hranatite. 

Ebaenmennlge, /. red ocher. 

Eisenmohr, m. sethiops martialis (FesOi as a 
black powder) ; earthy magnetite. 

Easemnolm, m. earthy iron ore. 

^senniere, /. eaglestone. 

ISsendl, n. (Pharm,) oleum martis. 

ISsenoxyd, n. iron oxide, specif., ferric oxide. — 
salpeteraaures ^senoxyd, ferric nitrate (and 
so for other salts). 

ilisenoxydhydrat, n. ferric hydroxide. 

Elsenoxydoxydul, •n. ferrosoferric oxide. 

Eisenoxydsalz, n. ferric salt. 

Elsenoxydul, n. ferrous oxide. — salpeteraaiires 
Eisenoxydnl, ferroufi nitrate (and so for other 

ESsenoxydulhydrat, n. ferrous hydroxide. 

ESsenoxyduloxyd, n. ferrosoferric oxide, mag- 
netic iron oxide (FobOO. 

Eisenoxydnlsafa;, n. ferrous salt. 

Eisenoxydulverbiiidang, /. ferrous compound. 

Eisenoxydverbindung, /. ferric compound. 

ESsenpastUIe, /. (Pharm,) reduced iron lozenge. 

ESsenpecherz, n. limonite; pitticite; triplite. 

Eiaenqnarz, m. ferriferous quartz. 

ESaenrahm, m. a porous form of hematite. 

Elsenresln, Eisenreslnlt, m. (ilf tn.) humboldt- 

Eisenrhodanld, n. ferric thiocyanate (or sulf o- 

Eisenrhodanttr, n. ferrous thiocyanate (or sul- 

Eisenrot, n. eolcothar. 

Etsensaliniak, m. {Pharm.) ammoniated iron. 

elsensaaer, a. of or combined with ferric acid, 
ferrate of. 

Eisensi&aerling, m. chalybeate water (minerid 
water containing iron salts.) 

Eisensanre, /. ferric add. 

Etsenschaun, m. (Metal.) Msh; (Jlfin.) »Elaen- 

Eisenschdrl, m. gob iron ore. 

eisenschilsaig, a. ferriferous, ferruginous. 

Eisenschwamm, m. iron sponge, spongy iron. 

Eisenschwarz, n. iron black (precipitated anti- 
mony); graphite; lampblack; (.Dyeing^ cop- 
peras black. 

Eisenach wMrze, /. graphite; earthy magnetite; 
(Dyeing) iron liquor; (Leather) currier's ink. 

ESsenseleniir, n. ferrous selenide. 

Eisensiiberglanz, m. stembergite. 

EisensiUcium, n. iron sili^ide. 

Eisensinter, m. dross of iron, iron scale; pitti- 

Eisens^ne, iron turnings or borings. 

Elsenspat,«m. siderite. 

Elsensplegel, m. SDeculai- i'»v>r ^p-^"*'* " 

f ) 




Iseiwtoiii, m. ironstone, iron ore. — spatlger 

Etoenatidii, spathic iron ore, siderite. 
^laensteininark, n. lithomarge containing iron. 
iSaensnbUinat, n. iron sublimate (ferric chlo- 
ride). - 

Siaensulfld, n. iron sulfide, specif., forric sulfide. 
Slsensolfllr, n. ferrous sulfide. 
Sisenfliunpfeni, n. bog iron ore. 
Sisentitan, n. (Mtn.) ilmenite. 
Cisenton, fii. day ironstone. 
Staentongranat, m. almandite. 
Sisemutennichiuig, /. examination of iron, iron 

Sifienyitriol, m. iron vitriol (hydrous ferrous 

sulfate). — roter Easenvitrioi, red vitriol, bot- 


fiteen wo a or , n. chalybeate water. 
Sisenwein, m, (Pharm.) iron wine. 
Bisenweinateln,7». (Pharm.) iron and potassium 

tartrate, tartarated iron. 
ESsenzinkblende, /. marmatite. 
Eisenzinkspat, m. foruginous calamine. 
ESsenxinners, n. ferriferous cassiterite. 
Casenzacker, m. iPharm.) ferric saccharate. 
Eisenzjran-. » Eisencyan-. 
eiseVn, a. of iron, iron. 
Eisesidg, m, gladal acetic acid. 
RJBglaa,^. frosted glass, 
eisig, a. icy, iceUke. . 
Eiskraai, n. ice plant iMeBembryanthemum 

Ei^nnkt, m. freezing point. 
Baschrank, m. ice box, refrigerator. 
Eisspat, m. glassy feldspar, sanidine (or rhyao- 

Btestein, m. cryolite. 
Bstrlchter, m. ice funnel. 
Btezacken, Elszapfen, m. idde. 
Biszeit, /. gladal period, 
tftel, a. pure; idle; vain. 
fttelkeit, /. vanity. 

ter, m. pus. 

ertthnlich, eiterartig, a. purulent. 

erbefttrdernd, a. suppurative. 

ererzeogend, p.a. suppurative, pyogenic 

tergang, m. fistula. 

terig, eltericht, a, purulent. 

tern, v.i. suppurate. 

3terstoir, m. purulent matter. 

llterung, /. suppuration. 

iterziehend, p.a. suppurative, pyogenic. 

Sweiss, n. albumin; albumen, white of egg; 

llweiss-. albuminous, albuminoid. 
iweissfthnlich, a. albuminoid. 
eiweissarm, a. poor in albumin or in protein. 
Eiweissart, /. variety of albumin; variety of 

eiweisaartig, a. albtuninous; albuminoid; glairy. 
Eiweissbedarf, m. albuvoin requirement. 



ElweiflMlrilfle, /. salivary gland. 

eiweiasfttrmig, a. albuminous. 

eiweisshaltig, a. containing albumin (or albu- 
men), albuminous; containing protein. 

Eiweiaaharnen, n. albuminuria. 

Eiweisskjtrper, m. albuminous substance, pro- 

ESweissldm, m. gluten protein. 

Eiweisoiaiirang, /. albuminous food. 

Eiweiaspapler, n. albuminized paper. 

^weiasreich, a. rich in albumin (or in protein). 

eiweiasspaltend, p.a. proteolytic. 

EiweiflBspaltung, /. deavage of albumin; pro- 
tein deavage, proteolysis. 

Eiwelssstoff, m. alb^iminous substance, protein. 

Elweiseyerbindang, /. albuminous compound, 
protein; albuminate. 

Eizefle, /. ovum. 

Ekabor, n. ekaboron. 

EksHlBiinm, n. ekasOicon. 

Ekel, m. nausea; disgust. 

ekelhafl, a. disgusting, oflFendve. 

-d. A suflSx attached to verb roots to denote 
the instrument of an action, -er; as, He6e(, 
lever, from i^&en, lift. 

Elaidins&ore, /. daidic add. 

Elainslinre, /. oldc add. 

Elaio-. deo-, elso-, daio-. 

Elastidtiit, /. dastidty. 

elastisch, a. dastic. 

Qefantenlaus, /. cashew nut. 

Qefantennuss, /. ivory nut. 

Elektawoile, /. first-class wool. 

Elektric-. See Elektriz-. 

Elektriker, m. dectridan. 

elektrisch, a. dectric. 

elektriflierbar, a. dectrifiable. 

dektrisieren, v.t. electrify. 

EtektrizUftt, /. electridty. 

ElektrizttHtswage, /. dectrometer. 

laektrlzltiltszeiger, m. dectroscope. 

Elektrochemie, /. dectrochemistry. 

dektrochemisch, a. electrochemical. 

Elektrdyse, /. dectrolysis. 

dektrolysieren, «.<. dectrolyze. 

Elektrolyt, m. dectroiyte. 

Elektrolyteisen, n. dectrolytic iron. 

dektrolytisch, a. dectrolytic. 

ElektrolytsOber, n. dectrolytic silver. 

dektrometrisch, a. dectrometric. 

dektromotorisch, a. dectromotive. 

Elektrophor, m. dectrophorus. 

Elektrosynthese, /. dectrosyntheds. 

Elektrotechniker, m. dectrotechnidan, dectri- 

elementar, a. dementary. 

Elementaranalyse, /. elementary analyds. 

Elementemneflflimg, /. stoiehiometry. 

Elemiharz, n. demi, gum demi. 

Elemi5Ljk.fikni oil. 






lleii* m. ft tt. elk. 

Bend, n- misery, distrefls, w > 

^end, a. miaerable, pitiful lu 

Elepluuiten-. See Elefant i-. 

df, a. eleY»i. 

Etfenbein, n. ivory. — gel »> ■ ' f*. 

burnt ivory, ivory bla< - 'at- 
■ fenbeiii, artificial ivory, * 

Elfeiibeinnass, /. ivory nw 

Elfenbeiiisabstaiiz, /. dent 

elfte, a. eleventh. 

elinjjiier^, v.t. eliminate. 
lore, /. ellagi< 
^ EUagensfture, j . • ' . 
m. elbow: 
,/.e^ yard; ulna. 
ten, m. elbow, 
iwaran, f,pl. dry goods, draper's goods. 
/. service berry. 

Bfarter, /. magpie. 

elterttch, a. parental. 

Eltem, pL parents. 

elntrieraiv vJ. dutriate, wash. 
I, n. enamel. 
irbt, /. enamel color. 

EmaSglaa, n. enamd glass, fusible glass. 

EmalUe, /. enamd. 

emsiliitii— , v.t. enamd. 

EmisaieiiSTermftgen, n. emissive power. 

BMK., abWev, (elektromotorische Kraft) eleo- 
trc^motive force, E.M.F. 

empfaU, pt^. of empfehlen. 

Empfang, m. receipt. 

Wpfaiigiiii 9.L receive; accept. — v.i. conceive. 

cmpnittgliclk, a. receptive, susceptible. 

Cnpfaiigiii% n. oonoepti<m. 

CavAngs-v receiving. 

empfehlen, v.t. recommend.' 

empfehlenawert, a. to "be recommended, advis- 
able; eligible. 

empfiehlt, pr. 3 sing, of empfehlen. 

empfinden, vA. feel, experience. 

empflnidUich, a. sensitive; susceptible; sensible; 
irritable; severe. 

EmpflndHehkeit, /. aenativeness, etc (see emp- 

Empfindung, /. sensation, feeling; sentiment. 

empfdhle, pret subj. of empfehlen. 

empfoUen, p.p. of empfehlen. 
a. empiric(al). 
r, adv. up, upward, on high. 

«mporbliUien, v.t. grow, rise, prosper. 

empSren, 9.L stir up, excite; shock. 

eraporkommen, v.i. rise, emerge, mount, ascend; 

emsig, a. diligent, industrious. 

emnl^eren, vA. emulsify. 

Emulgiemng, /. emulsification. 

cmnlaioiiiereB, v.L emulsify, emulsionize. 

*>iiil8k»iiieniiig, /. emulsification. 

(1) Case ending of certain nou" .. 
suffix used like the English -en t - '• 
jeetives of material; as st2&em» i 
eieherit oaken. (8) In Org. Chem., \ 
lent of the English -ene; as, Propt.- 

Enantiotn^e, /. enantiotropy, -tro] 

End-, final, terminal. 

Endausbeate, /. final yield. 

Enddmck, m. final pressure. 

Ende,/. end; limit, termination, p ':. 

Endecke,/.,Endeck,n. terminal an • 

enden, vJL & r. end, terminate. 

Endflftche, /. terminal face, aid fa • 

Endgiied, n. terminal member, eni . m 

endgiiltig, a. final, condusive. 
endigen, vJL & r. end, terminate. 
Endlaogen, f.pL foots. 
endlich, a. finite; final; late.- - 

after alL 
endloe, a. endless; infinite. 
Endnttanip, /. final shade. 
endosmotisch, a. endosmotic 
endothermisch, a. endothermie. 
Endprodnkt, n. final product, en i . < ■ i ' 
Endponkt, m. end point, finsl p<.)t . 
Endsiibe, /. final syllable, tramination. 
endatSndig, a. standing at the end, end, ter- 


Endznatand, m. final state or condition. 

Energle, /. energy. 

Energieabnahme, /. decrease in energy. 

Eneri^ettndenmg, /. energy change. 

Energieaiifwaiid, m. expenditure of energy. 

Energle^eichiing, /. energy equation. 

EnergMnhalt, m. energy content. 

Energieverliist, m. loss of energy. 

Energiesiifiihr, /. addition of energy. 

energisch, a. energetic. 

eng, eoge, a. narrow; dose, tight. 

Enge, /. narrowness; doaeness, tightness. 

Engel, m. angd. 

Engelrot, n. cdoothar. ' f 

Engelwnrs, -wnrzeU /. iPharm.) angelica. • 

EnghalaflaHche, /. narrow-necked bottle. i «- 9 

engUach, a. English.— -englische Erde, rotter 
stone.— englisches GewUrz, pimenta, alV 
spice.— e»*'*"' ' -• , powder of Algir 
roth (i? -^. •.-...< I Rot, English recV 

colootlini . - - > ^' >-. .'^^ ■ % Epsom salt. 

BngHa«hg> '■-. i fV • ; < lo < ead oxychloride)* 

EngUachrc >. .-.. c.-r .lii-.r 

EngUachsaiz. '- J' •••on , 

englocUg, p. V iLi '^--'a' :ii ' ... fine-pored. 

engmaachlg. c. c! >« ..ic^, ^lae-meshed. 

Engobe, m. on;.'u(A 

engobieren, r.^ c( i with engob^x 

slip. *^ 

Enkel, m. ani ^c: ;>.-k-. it ri.c. zc, adson. 

Enlevage,/. ( *h '*.. ; d' Avxt ■ ■ 

enorm, a. enoi ".: 






ent-. A verbal prefix having the following 

. principal meanings: (1) With nouns, deprive 

' of, de-, di*-, di-, un-; as, entsehwefeln, desiil- 
furize. (2) With verbs, away, out, dis-, de-, 
un-, in-, ex-, e-; as, erUdeeken, discover, erU^ 
wiekeln, evcdve. (3) With verbs, begin to, 
start; as entflammen, inflame, erUstiilafen, 
fall aideep. 

entalkoholiisieren, v.t. dealcoholize. 

entamidieren, vU, deprive of amidogen, deamin- 
ize, deamidize. 
f entarten, v.u deisenerate, deteriorate. 

entbasten, v,L degum (silk). 

entbehren, vJ. be without, lack; do without, 
dispense with. 

entbehriich, a. dispensable, unnecessary. 

entUnden, v.t, disengage, set free, liberate, re- 
lease; evolve (gases); (Med.) deliver. 

EntbinduBg, /. disengagement, setting free, ^ 
lease; evolution (of gases); (Med.) delivt 

Entbindungsflasche, /. generating ^hask 

EntUndnngsrohr, n. delivery tube. 

entbittem, v.t. deprive of bitterness. 

entbleien, vJ. deprive of lead. 

entbldflsen, v.t. uncover, strip; deprive. 

Entchlorung, /. dechlorination. 

entdecken, vJ. discover; disclose. 

Entdecker, m. discoverer; detecter. 

Entdeckong* /. discovery; disclosure. 

entdenatnrieren, v.t. free from denaturants. 

Ente,/. duck; canard. 

entehren, v.1, dishonor. 

enteiseneii, 9jL deprive of iron. 

EnteiaenaBg» /. removal of iron. 

•atfUIen, v.u drop, sUp, fall. 

enUklten* v.L unfold, display; evolve, develop. 

entf&rben, v.U decolorize, bleach; make pale. — ■ 
p.r. fade; grow pale. 

Entfilrbimc, /. decolorization, decoloration, 
bleaching; growing pale; paleness. 

Entfilrbiingamittelt n. decfdorizing agent, de- 
colorant. . 

intfaaern, v.t. free of fibers, string (beans). 

"iirtfemeii, vJ, remove.— «.r. withdraw, depart. 

fintfernang, /. removal; distance; retirement; 

entfetten, vM remove fat, oil or grease from, 
ungreaae, degrease, uncrfl, scour. 

Bntfettnng* /. removal of fat, etc (see- ent- 

EntfettungamiftteU n, aeouring agent, degreasing 

entfllzen, vA, unfelt. 

entflammbar, a. inflammable. 

Entflammbvkelt, /. inflanunabilityl 

entflammeJi, «.<. inflame, kindle.--|.f . (of kero- 
sene, etc) flash. ) 

Entflammaiigmwinkt, m. flashing i^oint, flash 
I p<nnt. 


Entflammnngrtempetmtnr, /. iriwfiim tempera- 
ture; (of kerosene, etc) flash point. 

entflelsdien, v4, strip of fledi, flesh. 

entfliessen, v.t. flow; emanate. 

entfremden, v.t. estrange; abandon; oonoeid. 

entf ilhren, v.L carry off. 

entftaaeln, v.L remove fusel oil from, rectify. 

entgasen, v.t. extract gas from (as f^om coal by 

entgegen, prep, against; opposite; toward. — 
adv, counter, oppositely. 

entgegengehen, v.i. go to meet, encounter, face 

entgegengesetzt, p.a. opposite; opposed, con- 
trary, inverse, reverse. 

entgegnen, v.t. reply. 

entgehen, v.i. escape, avoid. 

entgeisten, vjL deprive of spirit or alcohol, 

entgeiten, vA. pay for. 

entgerbern, v.t. wash (wocl>. 

entgiften, v.t. deprive of poison. 

entglasen, v.t. devitrify. 
Tntglasung, /. devitrification. 

:;ntgolden, v.t. extract the gold from. -^ 

■^ntgrannen, v.t. awn, hummel (bailey). - -v ^ 

-ntgummieren, v.t. degum. 
nthaaren, v.t. unhair, depilate. 

inthaanmgsmittei, n. depilatory, 
ithalogenisleren, v.t. dehalogenate, dehalina.?. 

onthalten, vA. contain; include. — v.r. abstain. 

enthaltsam, a. abstemious, temperate. 

enthftrten, v.t. soften; {Metal.) ftaneal. 

entharzen, v.L deprive of resin. 

enUianten, v.t, skin, flay. 

entheben, v.t. exonerate, exempt; disi.~««. _^ 

enthiillen, v4. unfold, unveil, disclose. 

enthOlsen, vX. husk, hull, shell, peel, etc 

enthydratisieren, v.(. dehydrate. .< 

entkalken, entlUUken, vA. decalcify, delime, 
free from lime 

Entkalkongsmlltel, n. deliming agent. 

entkarboxylleren, vA. deprive of carboxyl, d^ 

entkelmen, vA. degerminatc— «.t. germinate, 

entklesein, vA. desilicify. 

entUdden, vA, undress, strip. 

entkohlen, vA. decarbonize, decarburize. 

Entkohlung,/. decarbonization,decarburization. 

entkdrnen, v.t. = auskOmen. 

entkriurten, vA. exhaust; debilitate, weaken. 

entkapfem, v.L free from copper. 

entladen, v.i. discharge; unload. — v.r. explode, 

Entladnng, /. discharge; exoneration. 

entlang, adv. along. » 

entlasaen, vA. dismiss, discharge. 

entteeren, vA, empty, discharge. 

Entleemng, /. emptjring, discharging, discharge. 

endegen, a. distant, remote. 







cntleh^' en 



et0Mmnk 9X borrow, take, derive. 

e«tfeime«, pM degvm. 

ealleac(<teB, vJ. diprive of light, render non- 

liiininou8.^Hr.t. dbine, radiate. 
eittlttftea,«''.(. depnve of air, deaerate. 
enfanaCBetlfliermi, t.f. demagnetize. 
entniMMcht, p.a. inhuman, cruel. 
enteetkyiieren, «.<. demethylate. 
Eatnisckuiig, /. diantegration, separation into 

component parts. 
enlniBtigeii, v.t. diMourage. 
Entnidune, /. taking, etc. (see entnehmen). 
enbiiiaaeii, td. deprive of moisture, dry. 
entneb^n, vU. dissipate (mist or fog). 
entnehmen, v.t. tak»; draw, get, borrow. 
enMHen, v.i, remove oil from. 
enlpho^pliMen* vjL dephosphorize. 
En^hospbtfmng, /. dephosphorization. 
en^sb'iawiflieren, tj. depolymerize. 
epipressen, «.<. prem out, squeeze out; extort. 
entrahmen, vd, renMve the cream from, skim. 
entefchten, v.t. pay ^iebts). 
entriaden, ».<. decorticate, bark. 
Entropie, /. entropy. 

«SMMeii, 9JL free from rust, dean the rust from. 
enfrfifliten, 9A, provoke, make angry. 
entsagen, v.t. renounce, give up. 
Btttaatz, m. redcf » rescue. 
crtvilttern, v.L free from add, deacidify; de- 
cntschadig^i, f.t. indemnify. 
eittiichjilen» v^k, shell, ped; (/S>t{fc) scour, degum. 
entscheiden, v.t, decide. — entscheidend, p.a. 

decisive; final. — entschieden, p.a. dedded, 

Entscheidung, /. decision; crisis, 
entschlagen, v.r. divest oneself, forget. 
entschlichten, v.t. free from size, undress Ginen). 
entschliessen, v.r, resolve, dedde. 
Entschlass, m. resolution. 
entschuldigen, v.t. excuse. 
entschwefeln, v.t. desulfurize. 
Entschwefelung, /. desulftirization. 
entschweissen, v.t. scour (wool). 
entechwinden, v.i. disappear, vanish. 
entseifen, v.t. free from soap, rinse. 
entsetzen, v.t. displace, remove; 

v,r. be horrified. 
entsUbem, v.t. desilver, desilverize. 
EntsOberung, /. desilvering, desilveri 
entsinnen, v.r. remember. 
entspannen, vU, = abspannen. 
entsprechen, v.i. correspond; ar^ 

sprechend, p.a, corresponding; s 
entspringen, v.i, spring, arise; escs > ■ 
entstankem, v.t, deodorize. 
Ent8tankenuig0patrone,/.deodori2 . c . -;:.•. 
entstauben, v.t. dust (off). 
entstehen, v.i. arise, originate; • )■-.<. 

result. — eben entstehend* nasC' • ii: 

E!nt8tehimg, /. origin, f 

Entstehnngsart, Entst '< . <' • > .ode 

Entstehungszostand, v- i > 

entstellen, vA, disfip' ^ 

ent8tr5men,9.t.flow .pe(fror 

entt&uachen, v,t. w i c' . < it. 

Entw., ahbrev. (E .• .^'i* u •\ iution, • 

entwachsen, 9.t. jv. .- 4 

entw&Bsem, v.t. i<-to ' ' vT , dehydif 

concentrate, •v.r';. v. tm.) deptik >. 

mate; drain. — entv^ . ■ -^.^.t. > < .a. freed fn 

water, dehydrated, anhydrcw ; concentrab- 

rectified; drained. >^ 

Entwasserungsmlttel, n, dehydrating agent. 
entweder, conj. either. 
entweichen, v.t. escape; le^k. 
Entweichungsventll, n. escape valve, ddivi 

entwenden, 9./. steal, embezzle. 
entwerfen, v.t. trace out, design, plan, 
entwerten, v.t, depredate; cancel (stamps). 
entwiekeln, v.t, develop; evolve; disenga. 

generate (gases); unfold, display.— e 

wickeind, p,a, developing, etc.; nascent. 
Entwickdung, /. devdoping, devdopme. 

evolution; disengagement, generating 

gases); unfolding, explanation. 
Entwiekdungsgerass, n. generating vest 

generator (for gases). 
Entwickdungsmittel, n. devdoper. 
EhitwickdungsrShre, /. delivery tube.. 
Entwickler, m. generator (for gases) ; (Phot 

& Dyeing) devdoi>er; evolver, etc. (see e: 

Entwiddnng, /. » Entwickelung. 
entwirren, v.t. imravel, disentangle. 
entwdhnen, v.t, disaccustom, wean. 
Entwnrf, m. sketch, outline, plan. 
entzlehen, vd. abstract; extract; take awt 

withdraw, deprive. 
Entziehong, /. abstraction; extraction; wit 

drawing; deprivation. _ 

♦•...*■ am, v.t, dedpher. 
o '.. : ken, v.t. ravish, charm. 

<' ^ jkem, v,t, extract sugar .o, 
u ar. 

'•ndbar, a. inflammable. 
> inden, v.U ignite, kinc .-^r-.. 

• &e fire, ignite. 
' - ' iindlich, a. inflammable. 

■ ' eiindlichkeit, /. inflammal ! ' 
.- ziinduno^ /. ignition, infls > 

itzundunjVsprobe,/. ignitio ' ■ 
> tziindunispankt, m. kindli a ^ 

sene, etc j) burning point. 
< itzwei, adv. in two, asunde . 
' ntzweit, «^. at variance. 
IxahL^tjfli gentian. 


Enzianwurzel 77 


Enzianwiirael, /. gentian root. 

jnzymatiMli, a. enzymatic, ensymie. ' 
I Bphen, m. ivy. 
i r^pihydrinaiiare, /. epihydrinic add. 
f EpMlM^dlK,/. epithelial cell. 


Bqulsetsfture, /. equiaetic (aconitic) add. 
^r, pron. he, it. 

|b^ a verbal prefix which, prefixed to verba, 
^^Bnifiea "out, forth," denoting either the 
^^H^fecting of an action, as erfinden, find out, 
^^^^ent, or the commencement of an action 
^pSr state, as eneheinerif shine forth, appear, 
▼with adjectives it signifies " make " or " be- 
coi^ "; as, ergamen, make whole, complete, 
erkaiUn, become cold, cool, 
•er. (1) A plural ending of some nouns; as, 
MdnneTf men. (2) A suffix denoting agent, 
instrument, or some one in dose rdation; 
-er, -or, -ist; as Erfinder, inventor, H^>er, 
siphon (lifter), Phyaiker, physicist. (3) A 
satRx forming adjectives from names of dties; 
as, Pariser, Parisian, Paris. 
, Erachten, n. opinion, judgment! 
erbarmen, v.'r. pity, have mercy. 
erb&rmlich, a. pitiable, wretched, 
erbauen, v,t. build, construct. 
Erbii, m. heir. — n. inheritance. 
erbeben, o.t. shake, tremble, 
erben, vj. inherit. 
erbieten, v.r. offer. 
ErUnerde, /. erbia, erbium oxide, 
er bitten, vJ. request; persuade. 
erbittem, v.<. exasperate. 
erblasen, vJL (itf etoZ.) subject to, or obtain by, 

the blast. 
erUassen, v.i. fade; pale; die. 
Erblasser, m. testator. 
erblich, a. hereditary. 
erblicken, vA. behold, see. 
erboaen, v.t. make angry. 
erbttig, a. willing, ready. 
erbfechen, vA. break open. — v.r. vomit. 
Erbwhafl, /. inheritance. 
Erbse, /. pea. 

Erbsenbanm, m. Siberian acacia. 
• ErbflenenE, n. pea ore (form of limonite). 
erbflenCitomig, a. pealike, piMform. 
erbaengroas, a. of the siase of a pea. 
ErbflMistein, m. peastone, piaolite (a granular 

Erdachae, /. axis of the earth. 
Elrdalkalt, n. alkaline earth. 
ErdalkaHmetall, n. alkaline-earth metal. 
Erdalkaliaalze, salts of the alkaline-^^rth 

erdalkaliseh, a. alkaline-earth. 
Erdapfel, m. potato; eydamen; mandrake; 

erdartfg, a. earthy. ' 

Erdasphalt, m. earthy asphalt. 

Erdball, m. f^errestrial globe. * 

&dbeben, n. earthquake. 

E!rdbeere, /. strawberry. 

Erdbeschreibung, /. geography. 

Erdbime, /. Jerusalem artichoke. 

Erdbeden, m. ground, soil. 

&dborer, m. soil borer. 

Erdbrot, n. sow bread (Cyelainen europtewn). 

Erde, /. earth; soil; ground. 

ErdelcheU /• earthnut (peanut, Arachia hypo* 

gaeoy or heath pea, Laffiynu tuberoaus), 
Erdenge, /. isthmus. 
erdenken, vd, devise, invent. 
erdenklich, a. conceivable. 
Erdfarbe, /. earthy color, mineral color, 
erdfarbig, a. earth-colored. 
Erdflachs, m. amianthus. 
Erdforscher, m. geologist. 
Erdgang, m. vein; tunnel, gallery. 
Erdgas, n. natural gas. 
Erdgelb, n. yellow ocher. 
Erd^eachmack, m. earthy taste, flavor of the soiL 
Erdgeachosa, n. ground floor. 
Erdglaa, n. selenite. 

Erdgrlin, n. ~ Berggrttn; «= grtine Erde. 
ErdgOrtel, m. zone. 
Erdharz, n. asphalt; foasil resin. — geibes Erd- 

harz, amber. 
erdhanig, a. asphaltic, bituminous. 
erdichten, v.t, invent, fabricate. 
erdig, a. earthy, terrestrial. — er^iges Witeier, 

natural water containing calcium safes. 
Erdinnere, n, interior of the earth. 
Erdkobalt, m. earthy cobalt, asboUte. — griiner 

Erdkobalt, nickel ocher (annabergite) ; roter 

Erdkobalt, cobalt crust (earthy erythrite); 

roter strabliger Erdkobalt, cobalt bloom 

Erdkohle, /. earthy coal, lignitie earth. 
Erdkttrper, m. terrestrial body. 
ElrdkniBte, /. earth's crust. 
Erdkngel, /. terrestrial globe. 
Erdkunde, /. geography; geology; geognoey. 
Erdmandel, /. chufa (jCypenu eaetUentus), chufa 

Erdmehl, n. ^Kieselg^ur. 
Erdmessknnst, /. geodesy. 
Erdmetall, n. earth metal. — alkattsclies Erd- 

metall, alkaline-earth metal. 
Erdnusa, /. earthnut, ground nut (most com- 
monly the peanut, Araehis hypogma), 
Erdoberflftche, /. earth's surface. 
Erddl, n. petroleum. 
erdolchen, v.t. stab. 
Erdpech, n. mineral pitch, asphalt. 
erdpechhaltig, a. containing asphalt, asphaltic. 
Erdprobe, /. soil sample; soil test. 
Erdraoch, m. fumitory {Fumaria), 
Erdreich* n. ground, earth, land. 




Erdrinde, /. earth's crust. 

erdroeeeln, eX throttle, strsni^e. 

erdmcken, vA. stifle, smother; repress. 

Erdsids, n. rock salt; saline effloreseenee on soO. 

Erdaeheibe,^. <-Erdbrot. 

ErdeehScht, /. layer of earth, stratum. 

ErdscMacke, /. earthy slag. 

ErdoehoUe, /. dod. 

Erdaehwamm, m. mushroom. 

ErdsdiweM, n. ErdschwefelsBmen, m. lycopo- 

Erdseife, /. mountain soap (species of day). 

Erdalrtn, nu eagiestone, aetites. 

Erdstrom, m. earth current. 

Erdtalg, m. mineral tallow, hatehettite (or ozo- 

Erdtalk, m. earthy tale. 

Erdteer, m. mineral tar, maltha, pissasphalt. 

fSrdteil, m, part of the world; oontinoit. 

erdnlden, v4, fni£Fer, endure. 

Erdwacha, n.mineral wax, earth wax (oaoeerite). 

Erdwilrme, /. heat of the earth. 

-enA. A sufl^x forming nouns of action, place, 
condition, etc, -ing, -ery; as, B&ekerei, bak- 
ery, baker's trade, Stiekerei, embroidery. 

ereifern, v.r, grow angry. 

crclgnen, v.r. happen, occur. 

Erelgnis, n. event, occurrence. 

ereilen, v.t. overtake. 

Eremakansie, /. eremacausis (slow combustion). 

erfahren, v.t. learn; hear; experience; und^^. 
-^=^-j5M. expen-inced; expert. 

Erfahruttg, /. experience; knowledge, practice. 

erfahrungsmiissig, erfahmngsgemftss, a. ao- 
cordiug to experience, empirical; usual. 

erfassen, vA. seize, grasp. 

erfinden, vU. invent, devise; find out. 

Erfinder, tn, inventor; designer; author. 

erfindsam, a. inventive, ingenious. 

Erflndmg,/. invention; discovery; device. 

Erfolg, m. result; success. 

erftdgen, v.t*. follow, result. 

erforderlich, a. requisite; necessary. 

<nfordem, v.L require, demand. 

erf<»8chen, vA. investigate; explore; discover. 

Erforscher, m, investigator; explorer; discov- 

Erforschnng,/. investigation, research; explora- 
tion; discovery. 

erfhigen, vU. ascertain, inquire. 

erfreuen, «.<. delight, rejoice. — v.r, be glad; be 

erfreuUch, a. delightful, gratifying. 

erfrieren, v.i. freeze. 

erfirischen, vA. refrigerate; freshen, refresh.— 
erfrlflchendes MUtel, refrigerant. 

Erfriflchnn^ /. refrigeration; refreshing; re- 

erfroren, p.p. of erfrieren. 

erfiillen, vA. impregnate; fiU, fill up; fulfil. 


■ rwC «. 


y volume. 

• ry color, 
result, ap 

store, •"" f . » > 



repletu. -.'- 

Ergiknzimgsfi'' - /. * ' • 
ergeben, v,f : ' ■ .h • 'i ■ *• 

submit; o ••• o. i* 

dient; •'''•. « <. 
Ergebnls, n. ». . . * ': yidd. 

ergehen, v.t. be Ishw ■ 
erglebig, a. productive, «.- 
ergfessen, vA. & t. pour for 
ergltthen, v.t. begin to g^ow, . -- 
ergreifen, vA. seize, grasp; :- <>>. 

affect, strike. 
ergrilnden, vA. investigate, st'i-. 
Ergoss, m. effusion, discharge, i 
Ergoaagestoin, n. df usive rock 
erh., abbrev, (erhitzt) heated. 
Erh., abbrev, (Erhitzung) heatic 
erhaben, a. raised, rdief ; convt 

sublime, grand, illustrious. — ei 

relief, rilievo. 
Erhabenheit, /. devation; oonv i , 

nence; grandeiu*, eminence. 
erhpltlMur, a. preservable; obtainal r. 
erhalten, vA. keep, preserve, maintb ' , .'., . 

reodve, obtain, acquire.-^^.r. k» u, y- \ 

Erhaltang, /. conservation; pn "v^ 

maintenance; support. 
Erhaltongamittel, n. preservative; ant 
erharten, v.t. harden, set. 
Erhilrtaiig, /. hardening; dedaration. 
erheben, vJ. raise. — v.r. rise. 
erhebttch, a. important, condderaUe. 
Erhebang, /. raising; devation; rising' 


'..{ , re- 






erhei .• 

.'i: i *. 

cheer.— -v.r. 

dear up; 



. 1 



Ugh ' 

•f. . 3.- »Oof. 

- '.t. be- 


• » 

Erhell' iu 




i-n. ex- 

poev -' 


"« /. 

• •at. 


' come 

angr ' 



>: ■ ! 


Erhitzv <. 

.,. V 

i, ^ 1 )■ i -• . 


' .*. 

•^i ■ ' ' -."..y 



', !')< 



1. r 

. ' 

•C. ■♦• . "! f } • 


. |.r 


,» tv * • -^ "V 




tt ' • 

... . , .1 

• vi'i :. 



^ * .^-» 




n|rj[ineni, vJ. remind; state; admonish. — v.r. 

2n|g^nemnf, /. memory, recollection; admoni- 

okgf^ten, vJ. cool, grow cold. 
eiiUf^^ten, vJ. ODol, chill. — v.r. catch cold. 
Btgl^ltung, /. cooling. 
' uT^tnng, /. cold, catarrh. 
'gf^^eonen, vA. detect, recognize, distinguish, 
^^^^aow; acknowledge; (Med.) diagnose. — 
f. ^^ft- decade, pass sentence. 
'• >./ln>ii, o. grateful. 

.^ /.perception; knowledge; decision. 
• ' t '••tion, recognition. 
•2\ ' ■ characteristic, distinc- 

•• 'c'- It i • •• .! ' •• '•!►•. "^ 


ErkUrang^j. . ' " ! -•. . 


Erkl&rangsrersnch, fit. c 
attempted explanation. 

erkranken, v.t. fall ill, sicken. 

Elrkranloing, /. illness, falling siclc 

erknndigen, v.r. inquire. 

Erknndfgnng, /. inquiry. 

eriahmen, v.i. become lame; droop. 

erlangen, v.t. reach, obtain, attain. 

EManger Leder. s^ove kid. 

Eilaas, m. order, decree, edict; reduction, al- 
lowance, remission. 

erlaasen, vA, issue, proclaim; remit, exempt, , 

erlanben, v.i. allow, j^ermit. 

erlancht, a. illiistrioua, noble. 

erUntem, 9.t. explain, illustrate. 

EMe, /. alder. 

erleben,'9.(. experience, pass thru. 

erledigen, vA. dispose of,.sett]e, arrange; vacate. 

eriegen, vA. lay down, pay; Idll. 

-erlei. An adjective endhig denoting " lands "; 
as, zweierlei, of two kinds. 

erieiehtem, v.t. make lighter or easier, facilitate. 

erl^den, vA. suffer. 

Erlenbauili, m. ald^. (tree). 

EIrienholz, n. alder wood. 

eriesen, vA. ^oose, select. 

erleaehten, vA. illuminate, light. 
< eriiegen, v.i, sink, succumb. 

erlogen, pM. fabricated, false. 
' E^rlda, m. proceeds. 

. iprldsclien, v.t. go out, be extinguished; expire, 
I become extinct; be effaced. 

erUtaen, vA. redeem, save; realize (money). 

erm&chtigeii, vA. empower, authorize. 

ermalnieft, vA, exhort, remind. 
.Knnangehuig, /. defaiilt, want. 


enmmnen, v.r. rouse oneself, 
ermilssigen, v.t. moderate, reduce. 
ermatten, v.L & t. tire.. 
ermeseen, vA. judge; conceive, 
ermitteln, vA. ascertain, find out. 
Ermittelung, /. ascertaining, ascertainment, 

finding out; (Analysis) determination. 
ermilden, vA. tire, fatigue, exhaust. 
Ermiidang, /. fatigue; tiring, 
ermnntem, v.t. rouse, encourage, urge. 
-em. A suffix forming adjectives of material; 

as, eisem, of iron. 
erB&hren, vA. nourish, feed; support. — entiUi- 

rend, p.a. nourishing, nutritive. 
Emfthrung,/. nutrition; alimentation; support. 
EndUirangsgeachaf t, n. nutrition. 
Em&hrangBkawal, m. alimentary canaL 
EmJihrongskande, /. dietetics. 
Emillinmgs8t<^, n., ErnfihnmgssnbsteaB, /. 
entary substance, food substaitce. ' 
iwert, m. nutritive value. 
v.t. nominate, appoint. 
emenern, v.t. renew; refresh (colors); 
israte (steam); repair. 
.Igen, V.U lower; humble. 
irigung, /. lowering, depression; humilia- 
' it, a. serious, earnest; severe. 
^ Ast, m. earnest, earnestness, seriousness; 

Emte, /. harvest; rww»; gathering. 
Emtemascbine, /. narve^ 
emten, v.t. harvest, reap, jphment. 
erobem, f.t. conquer, win. iquette; Ubel, tag. 

erodl-ij'r i>.<. erode. .a few. 

^ dffiDen, v.t. open; discovK 
erttlTnend, p.a. opening, ^^ 
aperient. ^ngent. 

erOrtern, v.t. disews; debate. '• Bomewhat. 

Erdrterung, /. discussion; debe^*^*®* 

erproben, vA. test, try. 

erqnicken, vA. refresh, revive. **** 

erraten, v.U guess, solve. 'genol). 

erregbw, a. excitable, irritable, aem 

erregen, vA. stir up, excite, stimulate. 

Erreger, m. exciter, etc. (see erregen). 

Erregersalz, n, exciting salt (as ammv 
chloride in the Leclanch6 ceU). 

Erregung, /. stirring up, etc. (see erregen). 

Erregnngsfliisfligkelt, /. exciting fiuid (in a vo. 

erreichbar, a. attainable. • ^ 

erreidien, vA. reach, attain, get. 

erretten, v.L save, rescue. 

errlehten, vA. erect; establish. 

errtften, v.t. redden, blush. 

Bmmgenschaft, /. acquisition, aAievement, 

Ertatz, m. substitution, replacement; substi- 
tute; pquivalent; compensation. 


Ersatz- 80 

Brsate-. equivalent; substitute; duplicate, extra, 

Ersatzdeckd, m. extra cover, spare cover. 
EreafaflUiigkeU, /. capability of replacement; 

Ersatzcewieht, n. equivalent weight, equivalent. 
EiNwtaaiienge, /. equivalent amount, equivalent. 
Brsatamittel, tt. substitute, surrogate. 
Ersatzt^, m. extra part, spare part. 
ersMiifen* t.L drown; flood. 
erschaffen, v.L create, 
erschailen, v.i. sound, resound. 
erscheinen, v.i, appear; be dear. 
Braeheinung, /. phenomenon; appearance; 

ESrscheinuiigsfomi, /. phase; manifestation. 
ersclpiaireB, v,.t, & t. rdax, slacko^ 
e^scMelclien, v.<. get fraudulently. 
.erschllessen, v.U & r. open, disclose. 
erscfaSpfep, p.L exhaust. — ^schSpfend, pM. ex- 
hausting} exhaustive, thoro. 
'Er8ch5]^ung, /. exhaustion. 
erschreckeor- v«<* frighten, startle. — v.t. & r. be 

erschrocken,. (P.p. of ers6hrecken. 
erschttttern, itM shake; thrill. — v.i. tremble. — 

ersdhfltternd, p.a. cwicussive; thrilling. 
ErschJttterung,/. concussion; percussion; shak- 
ing; shock; copimotion. 
erschweren, v.t. weight (kilk, etc.); reduce 
(dj, v.t. tcnake » cavyCpr. .^jflicult); f^egravate. 
^•*^ expeffnneed; ip*^ \ 

g, /. experienoF^» ^d« S 
erfahrungsmjissig, erftable, etc. (sIb^ ersetzen). 

C(»diug to experiencfk substitute, disj^^; ^om- 
erfassen, vj. seize, gi^ 

erfinden, vj. invent, ^acement, substitution, etc. 
Erflnder, fn. invente 
^ erfindsam, a. inveu'isible, evident. 

Erfindwig,./. invent' vise, conceive. 
Erfolg, m. result; Mare, save. 
erfolgen, v.i. foUafrvingis), economy. 
erforderlich, o^^T; only; yet. 
erfordem, v.t.jf.i. solidify, congeal, freew»- harden. 
erf(Mr8chen»^^gulate; become stiff or 1 •■ 
ESrforsch^/ing, /. solidification, congt •' 

erer.^#^ erstarren) . 
Erfor^^^rrungspunkt, m. freezing poin ; •(•» 

tior tion point; coagulation point. 
erfir^i^rstarmngswarme, /. heat evolved ': ')" 
etfw cation, heat of fusion. 
f erstatten, v.i. render, return, repay. 
^^tf Erstaunen, n. astonishment. 
|- '•r erste, o. first, prime, h€^. 

jj erstehen, v.l. buy, buy at auction. 

P M'Sticken, v.i. suffocate, choke; sui 

\ Erstmilchi /. colostrum. 

erstrecken, v.r. extend, amoun*- 
erenchen, v.i. request, beseech 
ertappen, r.<. catch. 





erteOen, vJL give, bestow, grant. 

ertdnen, v.t. sound, resound. ^ 

Eltrag, m. yield; produce; proceeds, profi 

ertragen, vi. bear, endure. 

ertrilnken, v.i. drown. 

«rtrinken, v.t. drown. 

erttbrigen, v.t. remain (to say). — v.t. save, bi_ ja«. 

Emcas&are, /. erudc add. 

erw., a6&rev. (erwftrmt) warmed. 

erwachen, v.t. wake, awake. 

erwachsen, p.a. grown, adult. 

erwigen, v.<. consider, weigh. 

erwKhnen, v.U mention. 

erw&rmen, v.<. warm, heat. 

Erwftrmungskraflt, /. heating power, 

owarten, v.<. expect, await. 
mwecken, vJL. waken; rouse, animate. 
erwehren, v.r. keep off, resj^air 
erweichen, v.(. soften; boak; ntdlow. — er- 

weichend, p.a. softening; emoUioit, demul- 
Erweichung, /. softening; mollification. 
Erweiehnngsmittel, n. emollient, demulcent. 
Erwels, m. proof, demonstration. 
erwelsen, vJL. proye; show. — v.r. prove, be 

erweitem, v.(. widen, expand, extend, enlarge, 

distend, dilate. — v.r. expand, grow large, 

Erweltenmg, /. widening, etc. (see erweitern). 
erwerben, v.t. acquire; earn, gain. 
erwidem, v.i. return; reply. 
erwttnscht, p.a. wished for, desired; agreeable. 
Erz, n. ore; metal, esp. bronze. 
tErz-. ore, metalliferous; bronze; arch-, chief, 

foremost, high; (with o^fs.) extremely. 
ErzabilUIe, m.pL tailings. 
Erzader, /. ore vein, metalliferous vein, 
erzifthlen, v.<. teU, relate, report. 
Erzarbeiter, m. worker in bronze, metal worker. 
Erzaufberdtung, /. ore dressing. 
EnEbischof, m. archbishop. 
Erzbrechmaschine, /. ore crusher. 
er7.u> mm, a. extremdy stupid. 
' "^VBit n. mine iron (obtained from ore with- 
"tion of fl1lTP*^^. 

■r u {enerate (gases); beget 
•-. ' '.'. . .-.'i generator. 

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. ^_^^,.^^. p— 


f '. .. ■ . . 

1 V. -t^ t. ; 


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• • "' id.'. «' . •• 

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• tS 1 ., II.?. . <•• t,: ; 

' > ' ' I 

J. in, ' ••', 









^ Erdeheriii, /. governess,; tutoress. 

erzielen, v4. obtain, attain; produce, raise. 
^ Erzldes, m. metalliferous pyrites. 
Erzkunde, /. metallurgy. 
Erdager, n. bed of ore, ore deposit. 
Erzmetalle» n,pl. ore metals, heavy metals. 
Erzmntt^, /. matrix. 
Erzniere, /. kidney-shaped ore. 
Erzprobe,/. ore assay, ore assaying; ore sample. 
eich, a. rich in ore. 

m. ore steel, m'ne sted. Cf. Erzeisen. 
Tzomen, vU. anger, provoke. — v.r, grow angry; 

erzwlngen, vJ. force; enforce; extort; com- 
es, pron. it. — es giebt, there is, there are. 
Esche, /. ash, ash tree. 
Eschd, m. zaffer; {Founding) black spot. 
- Esdragon, m. tarragon. 
Esel, fit. ass, donkey; (wooden) h<Nrse; (Breuh 

ing) scooper. 
Esdei, /. asininity, stupidity. 
eseihail, a. asinine. 
Esparsette, /. sainfoin. 
Espe, /. aspen, 
essbar, a. edible. 

ElBBe, /. forge; hearth; chimney, stack. 
Esseisen, n. (MeUil.) tuydre, twyo:. 
essen, v4. eat. 

Essen, n. eating; meal; food; di^ 
Efisenkli^pe, /. damper. 
Essenz, /. essence. 
Essig, m. vinegar. 
Easig-. vinegar; acetic, aceto-. 
Essigaal, m., Essig&Ichen, n. vinegar ed iVihrio 

esaigardg, a. acetous, acetic; vinegar-like. 
Esdgitther, m. acetic ether (ethyl acetate). 
Esaii^dang, /. acetification. 
Esaigeflsenz, /. vinegar essence (concentrated 

solution of acetic acid). 
Eaaigester, m. acetic ester (ethyl acetate). 
Essigfabrik, /. vinegar factory. 
Essiggiimng, /. acetic fermentation. 
Easkggeiat, m. acetone. 
Essiggat, n. alcoholic liquid for quick vinegar 

Efi8ighoiiig,.m. oxymel. 
Easigmeooor, m. aoetometer. 
Esslgmnttor, /. mother (of vinegar). 
Easignaphta, /. ethyl acetate. 
EssigpOz, m. vinegar plant, mother. 
Eaai^riifw, Essigprober, m. vinegar tester, 

Esaigrose, /. French rose, red rose. 
Eiwigiwili!, n. acetate. 
esaigaaaer, a. of or combined with acetic 

add, acetate of; acetic, acetous; sour like 

EaaigBttiire, /. acetic add. 

Eadgs&nreanhydrid, n. acetic anhydride. 
Essigs&ure&ther, m. acetic ether (ethyl 

EssigB&ure&thyljester, m. ethyl acetate. 
Essigs&uregftrang, /. acetic fermentation. 
Essigs&uremesser, m. acetometer. 
Essigsfturesalz, n. salt of acetic add, acetate. 
Essigschaum, m. flower <^ vinegar. 
Esdgdrup, m. oxymel. 
Essigsprit, m. triple vinegar. 
Essigstftnder, m. vinegar tun, graduator (in the 

quick vinegar process). 
Essigstube, /. vinegar room (warm room for the 

quick vinegar process). 
Esslgzucker, m. (Pharm.) oxysaccharum. 
Easlust, /. appetite. 
Esssaai, m. dining-room. 
E^sswaren, provisions, eatables. 
Ester, m. ester; specif., ethyl ester. 
E^erbildung, /. ester formation, esterlfication. 
esterifizieren, v.t. esterify. 
Esterzahl, /. ester nim^er. 
Estragon, m. tarragon. 
Estragonttl, n. tarragon oil. 
Estrich, m. plaster floor; layer of moitar. 
Estrlchgips, m. Keene's cement, estrich gypsum, 

flooring plaster (a form of anhydrous caldum 

sulfate sets with water, but more slowly 

than plasty of Paris). 
Estrichstein, m. a kind of paving brick. 
Estriflkation, /. esteiification. 
estrifizieren, v.t. esterify. _, _ 

Etablissement, n. establishment. ^ - " 

Etikette, /., Btikett, n. etiquette; label, tag. 
etliche, a. some, several, a few. 
Etui, n. case, box. 
etwa, adv. perhaps; about, 
etwaig, a. likely to be, contingent. 
etwas, pron. some, something, somewhat. 
each, pron. you, to you, yourselves. 
Euchlor, n. euchlorine. 
ener, pron. of you, your, yours. 
Eugensiiure, /. eugenic add (eugenol). 
Ehile, /. owl. 
eurige, pron. yours. 
europ&isch, a. European, 
euetasisch, a. Eustachian. 
Eutektikom. n. (pi. Eutektika) eutectie. 
eutektisch, a. eutectie 
Eater, n. udder. 

evakuieren, v.t. evacuate, empty, exhaust. 
Evakuierangskeesel, m. vacuum boiler, vacuuna 

evaporieren, v4. & i. evaporate. 
event., abbrev. of eventuell. 
eventueil, a. eventual. — adv. eventually; 

Everninsftare, /. eveminic add. 
Evernsaure, /. evemic add. 
evolvieren, vU. evolve. 




^▼oiiiiflfMi* vX vomit. 

ewig, a. eternal, perpetual.— ocfar. ever, un- 

Ewigkeit, /. eternity; perpetuity. 

Ezamen, n. examination. 

Ezeenter, m. eccentric 

Ezcentridtilt, /. eccentricity. 

excentrlach, a. eccentric 

Exemplar, n. specimen; sample; copy. 

existemAhig, a, capable of existence. 

exiatieren, v.i, exist. 

exoamodsch, a. exosmotic 

exotherm, exotliermisch, a. exothermic 

expedieren, v.f. despatch, forward. 

Expedltfon, /. expedition; office. 

ExperimentatOT, m. experimenter; experimen- 

experlmentieren, v.t. experiment. 

explodierbar, a. explodve. 

explodieren, v.i, explode.— explodierend, p.a. 
exploding, explosive. 

explosibeU a. explosive. 

explosionsartig, a. explosive. 

Explosionsdmck, m. explosion pressure. 

exploaionsf&lrfg, a. ezplodye. . 

1^' >i ; "U, 



;:4 « 


ExpkMrfoiiflfUilgkeit, /. ".v . .<^ • r 

exploflionflieher, a. explore. 
Exploflionflstoeflv m. explc 'i 

ExploflionsTorgang, m. exi.'c - . » r-.-oc >a 
Exploolonswilrme, /. heat o? i\i r • > . 
ESxploflioiiswdle, /. exploc on -v«v>. 
E!xploflivatoff, m. exploeivi • - . <*. e > 
Explofliystoirchemie, /. d :. > • '- 

Exsiccator, m. exsiccatcnr, 
Exsndat, n. exudate, exuc 
extraUeren, v.t. extract. 
EtXtraUttiuig, /. extractio) 
Extraktbrttlie, /. extract li 
Extrakteur, m. extractor. 
Extraktlonafltiasigkett, /. extraction liquid, 

liquid extract. 
Extraktionahfilse, /. extraction shell 

Extraktlvstoir, m. extractive substance or mat 

ter, extractive. 
Extraktw<rfle, /. extract wool, extracted wool. 
Exzent-. See Excent-. 
EZn abbrw. (Estersahl) ester number. 




f., (Mre9. (feat) solid; (fein) fine. 

F., dbbreo, (Fudonspunkt) melting point, m.p.» 
m.; Fahrenheit. 

Fabel, /. fable; fiction. 

fabdhafty a. fabulous. 

FabdDehre, /. mythology. 

Fabrik, /. factory, works, mill, plant, establish- 

Fabrikant, m. manufacturer, maker. 

Fabrikarb<dt, /. factory labor; maniifactured 

Fabrikat, n. manufacture, make; textile fabric. 

Fabrikation, /. manufacturing, manufacture, 

fabrikatorisch, a. manufacturing, factory, in- 

Falnlkatur, /. manufacture, make. 

Fabrikbetrieb, m. factory management or prac- 

Fabrikgold, n. (strong) gold leaf. 

fabrikmMssig, a. & adv. by factory methods, on 
a factory scale, industrially) ; by machinery. 

FabrikttI, n. oil for manufacturing purposes, 
specif., an inferior grade of olive oil. 

FaMkprds, m, factory price. 

Falnlkware, /. manufactured article; factory 

Fabrikwesen, n. manufacturing industry; fac- 
tory system. 

Fabrikx^cheiiy n. manufacturer's mark, trade- 

fabriderrai, v.L make, manufacture. 

F&ces, pi, feces. 

faeettiert, pM, faceted. 

•fach. -fold; 9s kunderifack, hundred-fold. 

Fach, n. branch, department, litie, profusion, 
subject; division, compartment, cell; shdf. 

Fach-. professional, technical, expert. 

fachartig, a. cellular. 

Fachaoadrack, m. technical term or expression. 

Fachbiidmig, /. professional education, techni- 
cal education. 

fichehi, vJ. fan. 

FScher, m. fan; flapper. 

Fftcherbreniier, m. fantail burner. 

fi&cherffimiig, a. fan-shaped. 

FKeh^rgersU;, /. bearded barley. 

fikherlg, a. divided into compartments; locular. 

Fachgenosse, m. professional colleague. 

Fachliteratur, /. technical (or trade) literature. 
Fachmann, m. professional man, specialist* 

fachmftnnisch, a. professional, expert. 
fachmttssig, a. professional. 
Fachordnang, /. classification. 
Faehschule, /. technical school, special schocd. 
Fachsprache, /. technical lang^uage, professional 

Fachwerk, n. framework, bay-work. 
Fachwissenschaft, /. special branch of science^ 

Fachzeitschrift, /. special periodical, trade 

Facit, n. sum, result, answer. 
Fackel, /. torch." 
Fackelbamn, m. marsh dder. 
Fackelfohre, /. Scotch pine (Pinus gylveairis). 
Fackelglanz, m. (of wine) perfiect deamess. 
Fackelkohle, /. cannd coal. 
Fackelpalme, /. sago palm. 
Fason, /. faction; cut, style. 
faconnleren, v.L figure; fashion. 
Fftdehen, n. small thread, filament. 
fade, a. insipid, fiat, stale. 
Faden, m. thread; filament, fiber; (of wood) 

grain; twine; fathom; {Sugar) string. 
fadeiUiiuilicii, a. threadlike, filamentous. 
Fadengiaa, n. spun glass; filigree glass. 
Fadenholz, n. cordwood. 
Fadenkrenz, Fadennetz, n. cross hairs. 
Fadenlflnge, /. {Dyeing) length of fiber. 
Fadennudein, vermicelli. 
fadenziehend, p.a. ropy. 
fftdig, a. thready, filaceous. 
FahambUltter, faham leaves {AiigraecuTn. 

f&hig, a. capable; apt. 
-f&hig. capable of, -able, -ible. 
F&higkeit, /. capability, ability, capadty. 
fahl, a. fallow (pale, pale yellow); .fawn Oight 

yellowish brown); dun (grayish brown); 

earth-colored; ashy; sallow; faded. 
Fahlerz, n. tetrahedrite, f ahlerz. 
Fahlst^n, m. pale g^'ay slate. 
Fahne, /. flag, "policeman" (for precipitates); 

flag, standard; (of a dish) marlL 
fahrbar, a. passable; transportable, movable. 
Ffthre, /. ferry; ferryboat.- 





fahren* r.t. go» tnvd, ride, drive. 

Fahrgeld, n. fare; freight. 

Fahrkarte, /. ticket. 

fahrUsslg, a. nei^gent, careleaB. 

Faluplan, m. time table. 

Fahrrad, n. bicyde. 

Fahrstuhl, m. elevator, hoist, wheel chair. 

Fahrt, /. paasage, journey, trip, drive. 

F&hrte, /. trail, track. 

Fahrweg, m. carriage road. 

Fahrzeug, n. vehicle; vend. 

f&kal, a. fecal. 

FiUcalien, tupL feces. 

Fiikalstofr, m. fecal substance. 

faktisch, a. real, actual, de facto. 

Fakter, m. factor; manisiger, agent. 

Faktnr, /. invoice. 

F&kulenz, /. feculence, sediment, dregs. 

falb, a. pale yellow, i>ale, fallow. 

Faike, m, falcon; hawk. 

Fall, m. fall, descent; case; event; yield. 

fXIIbar, a. predpitable; fit to fdL 

FiUlbarkelt, /. predpitabQity. 

FiUlbotticli, m. predpitating vat. 

Falle, /.- trap; bolt. 

fallen, v.i. separate, be depodted; fall, drop; 

{Mining) dip. — fallen in (etwas) verge on; 

Fallen, n. separating, etc (see fallen); yidd, 

fiUlen, V.L predpitate; drop; fdl; pass O'udg- 

ment). •♦ 
Fallhammer, m. drop hammer. 
FaUhtthe, /. hdght of f aU. 
falUeren, v.i, fail. 
fUIig, a. due, payable. 
FUlkessel, m. predpitating vessd. 
F&Ilmittel, n. predpitant. 
Fallrohr, n. down pipe, waste pipe. 
falls, eonj. in case. 
Fallschirm, m. parachute. 
Fallsacht, /. epilepsy. 
Falltttr, /. trapdoor. 
FKUang, /. predpitation, predpitating, etc. 

(see f alien). 
FftUungsmittel, n. predpitant. 
FKUongswal, m. predpitation value. 
Fallwerk, n. stamp; pile driver. 
Fallwlnkel, m. angle of indination. 
falsch, a. false, counterfeit, pseudo-; artifidal; 

adulterated; wrong; deceitful. 
falschMau, a. navy blue. 
fUschen, vA. faldfy, adulterate, sophisticate, 

counterfdt; forge. 
Fiilflcher, m. adulterater; adulterant; falsifier, 

FSlschong, /. faldfication, ete. (see falschen); 

Fillschnngsmittel, n. adulterant. 
-faU. s= -faltig. 

Fdte, /. fold, plait, crease; wrinkle. 

Ikiten« vJ. fold, plait; wrinkle. 

Faltenfllter, n. plaited filter, folded filter. 

fkltenlos, a. wi^out folds (or wrinkles), crease- 
less, smooth. 

Faltenwerfen, n. creasing, puckering, crimping. 

Falter, m. folder, creaser; butterfly; third 
stomach of ruminants. 

faltig, a. having folds, plaits or creases; wrin- 
Ided; puckered. 

-faltig, -fUtig. -fold, -pie; as, tierfaUig, four- 
fold, quadruple. 

Faltnng,/. foldhig, plaiting, plication, wrinkling. 

Faltangsminkt, m. plait p<rfnt, point of plica- 
tion or folding. 

Falz, tn. fold; groove, flute, notch. 

falzen, vA. fold; groove, flute, rabbet; iLecdher) 

Falzdegel, m. interlocking tile. 

FamiUe, /. family. 

fand, pret. of finden. 

Fang, m. catch, capture; trap; stab; fang; 

fangen, v.L catch; - capture, secure; soften 

FlUiger, m. catcher, trap. 

Fangstoir, m. (Paper) stuff from the save-all. 

Farbbad, n. dye bath. 

fftrbbar, a. colorable, stainable. 

Fttrbbarkeit, /. colorability. 

Farbbecher, m. dye beaker (for dyeing tests). 

Farbbler, n. dark beer for coloring. 

Farbbrilhe, /. dye liquor. 

Farbe, /. color; dye; pigment; hue, tint; 
(Leather) weak ooze, also a container for it. 

Firbe, /. dyeing. 

fUrbeartikd, m. (Calico) dyed style. 

FSrbebad, n. dye bath. 

Filrbebrfihe, / dydng liquor. 

Fkrbefass, n. dye beck, dye tub. 

Fite-beflttsslgkeit, /. dyeing liquid; staining 

Fftrbeholz, n. dye wood. 

Fttrbekufe, /. dyeing vat, dye vat. 

F&rbelack, jn. lac dye. 

FKrbemittel, n. coloring agent, pigment, dye. 

farben, vJ. color, dye, stain. — in der Wolfe 
fib'ben, dye in grain. 

Farbenabstreichmesser, n. (Dyeing) knife for 
removing excess dye, color doctor. 

Farbenbild, n. colored image; colored spectnmi. 

fterbenblind, a. color-blind. 

Farbenbogen, m. iris. 

Farbenbrechung, /. refraction of colon; color 

Farbenbrtthe, /. dyeing liquor. 

Farbenchemie, /. color chemistry. 

Farbendistel,/. safflower (Carthamus Hnetoriua). 

Farbendmck, m. color printing; color print. 

Farbenerde, /. colored earth. 




farbenoxencend, p.a. oolor-produdng, diromo- 

Farbenerzenger, m. chromogen. 

Farbenenseagung, /. production of colors. 
' Farbenfabrik, /. color factory, dye factory. 

Farbengebung, /. coloring, coloration. 

Farbeni^anz, m. brilliancy of color. 
I Farbeni^as, n. colored glass, stained glass. 

Farbenkftrp^', m. coloring body; coloringmatter. 

Farbenkorperchen, n. pigment granule. 
, Farbenlack, m. lake. 

Farbenlehre, /. science of color, chromatics. 

Farbenleiter, m. color scale. 

farbenlosi a* — farbloe. 

Farbemnalz, n. « Farbmalz. 

Farbemnass, n. colorimeter. 

Farbenmesser, m. chromatometer; colorimeter; 
color knife. 

Farbenmessimg, /. measurement of colors, 
cfaromatometry, colorimetry. 

Fkrbenprobe, /. color test; dye test, dye trial. 

Farbenrand, m. iris. 

Farbenreiben, n. color grinding. 

Farbenreiber, m. color grinder. 

Farbenschiller, m. play of colors; surface color, 

Farbensehmelzofen, m. enameling furnace. 

Farbenakala, /. color scale, color chart. 

Farbenspekfnim, n. colored spectrum, color 

Farbenspiely n., Farbenspielung, /. play of 

Farbenstefaidmck, m. chromolithography. 

Farbenstoff, m. ^FftrbestofF. 

Farbenstrahly m. colored ray. 
' Farbenstufe, /. color graduation, shade, tint. 

Farbenstufeninesser, m. tintometer. 

Farbenton, m. color tone, hue. 

Farbennmschlag, m. color change. 

FarbenTer&ndenuig, /. discoloration. 

Farbenwaren, /.pi. =Flurbwaren. 

Farbenwechsel, m. play of colors, change of color. 

Farbenzerstreunng, /. (Optics) chromatism. 

FiUrbeprozess, m. dyeing process, dyeing; color- 
ing process. 

P^ber, m. dyer. 

Filrberbaiim, m. Venetian sumac {p<MmM coH- 

F&rberdistel, /. safflower (CartHamtut tinctoritu) ; 
aawwort {Serratula Hnctoria). 

^"ftiberei, /. dyeing; dye house, dye works. 

Fftrberdche, /. dyer's oak, quercitron. 

f'itrberfleehte, /. archil, dyer's moss. 

FarbergiiisCer, m. dyer's broom (Genista Hnc- 

Firberkreuzdom, m. dyer's buckthorn, specif., 
Rhamnus infectoria, 

Firberlack, wi. lac dye. 

I'&rbemiaiilbeerbaiim, m. dyer's mulberry 
(Morua Hnctoria), 

FSrbermeister, m. head dyer, foreman dyer. 

FSrberochsenzange, /. dyer's alkanet (Alkanna 

Filrberrinde, /. quercitron bark. 

FftrberrSte, /. madder. 

Filrberwurzel, /. madder. 

F&rbeedeb, n. color strainer, color sieve. 

Fftrbestoir, m. coloring matter, pigment, dye- 
stuff, dye. 

I%rbetrog, m. staining trough or box. 

F&rbeverm5gen, n. coloring power, tinctorial 
power, dyeing value. 

Farbewaren, /.pi. = Farbwaren. ' 

F&rbeweise, /. method of dyeing, dye process. 

Fftrbewurzel, /. =Ffirberwurzei. 

farbferdg, a. ready for dyeing (or coloring). 

Farbflotte, /. dye liquor, dye bath. 

Farbgehalt, m. content of dye or color. 

Farbglas, n. color glass, colored glass, stained 

Farbgnt, n. goods to be dyed. 

Farbholz, n. dyewood. 

farbig, a. colored; stained. 

Farbkochapparat, m. col<Nr boiler, color kettle. 

Farbkorper, m. coloring substance, coloring 

Farbkraft, /. coloring power, tinctorial power. 

farbkrafUg, a. of strong tinctorial or coloring 
power, {Dyeing) productive. 

Farbkttihe, /. color shop, ccdor house; 

Farblack, /. color lake, lake. 

farblos, a. colorless; achromatioi- 

Farblosigkeit, /. colorlessness; achromatism. 

Farblttsiutg, /. (Micros.) staining solution. 

Farbmalz, n. coloring malt, amber malt (dark- 
ened by roasting). 

Farbmaterial, n. coloring material; dyeing ma- 
terial, dye, dyestuff. 

farbmessend, p.a. colorimetric. 

Farbmischer, m. color mixer. 

Farb4s]iare, /. color acid. 

Farbstift, m. colored pencil. 

Farbstoir, m. dyestuff, dye; coloring matter; 

farbstofferzengend, p.a, chromogenic. 

Farbstoffldsung, /. dye solution, staining solu- 

Farbstnfe, /. color gradation, tint, shade. 

Farbtiefe, /. depth of color. 

Farbton, m. color tone, tint. 

Farbtrog, m. color vat, color bucket. 

Farbung, /. dyeing, coloring; coloration, stain- 
ing, pigmentation; hue, tinge; dye. 

fUrbnngsf&liig, a. capable of being dyed, col- 
ored, or stained. 

Fttrbangsverm5gen,n. tinctorial power, coloring 

Farbwandel, m. color change. 

Farbwaren, /.pi. coloring or dyeing materials, 
dyes, pigments, paints. 




FubwedMMl, m. edor diange, play of eolon. 

Fwbwerk, n. dye factory, dye works. 

Farbwert, m. color value. 

Vtein, FariiuEocker, m. brown sugar, muscovado. 

Fam, m., Farnkraut, n. fern. 

Famworz^ /. {Pharm,) aspidium. 

Farren, m. Farrenkraut, n. fern. 

Fasan, m. pheasant. 

Fasel, /. kidney bean. 

fasrin, v.r. unravd. — o.t. drivel. 

Faser, /. fiber; filament; thread; string; 
(Brewing) pulp. 

Faa^*-. fibrous, fibro-. 

faser&hnUch, a. fibroid. 

Faacra lann, m. halotrichite. 

faaeruiig, a. fibery, fibrous, filamentar. 

FSaerchen, it. little fiber, fibril, filament. 

faserfonn^ a. fibrous, filiform. 

Fasergeiudt^m. fiber content; (Paper) fiber yield. 

Fasergewebe, n. fibrous tissue; fibrous texture. 

Faaergips, m. fibrous gypsum. 

Faserhaut, /. (Anat.) fibrous membrane. 

fiwerig, a. fibrous, fibery, filamentous, stringy. 

Faserkalk, m. fibrous caldte or aragonite. 

Faserkiesd, m. fibrolite. 

faseflos, a. fiboieas. 

feaem, v.r. & i. feaze, fuzz; (Paper) assume a 
mottled appearance due to different ab8on>- 
tiveness of the fibers. 

Faserstoff, m. fibrin; fibrous material. — ^vege- 
talHlischer Faserstoff, vegetable fibrin (glu- 
ten; cellulose). 

faaerstoffartig, faserstofl^, a. fibrinous. 

Faaemng, /. fibrillation. 

FaseraeoUCh, m. natrolite. 

fasrig, a. »faserig. 

Fass, n. cask, barrel; keg; vat, tank, tub, tun. 

Fassband. n. hoop. 

FasslMer, n . draft beer. 

FaasUnder, m. cooper. 

Fftsschen, n. small barrd, keg. 

fassen, v4. seize, grasp, take; put, mount, set; 
hold, contain, include; comorehoid; cask, 
tun (wine, ete.). — v.i. take, .. »: ' "■'-■l — v.r. 
compose oneself; express one • 1' ir -' '& >t, 
p.a. seized, ete.; composed, <*a. ., i* - .• t^l. 

Faa^Siiningasystem, n. (Bren' •j.-i- .i.«r ! 


Fa88geUlger,n. (Brewing) cask Cvi- '- . • t ton\~ 

Fasshahn, m, spigot, faucet, ec 

fassUch, a. comprehensible. 

Fasspech, n. cooper's piteh; pi< '^ '^< '."• 

Fasstaig, m. tallow in casks. 

Fassong, /. seizing, etc (see '^s- > '. !"ini> 
wording; composure. 

FasHnngwranm, m., FBasuxiti-v>r ,;, i.-'- n. 

FMewaren, f.pL goods in casP- ot • rei^ 

Faaaswlckel, m, (Brewing) trv Cti<- 

f aat, adx. almost, nearly. 

Ftntage, /. casks, cooperage, barrels and casks. 

fluten, f .{. fast. 

faol, a. rotten, putrid, bad, decaying; lazy, 

slow; (MeiaL) short, brittle. — ^faoler Heinz, 

(Old Chenu) athanor. 
Fanlbaimi, m. alder buckthorn (Rhamntis 

frangula); bird cherry (Prunus padua). 
Faalbroch, m. shortness, brittleness. 
faulbrttciiig, a. short, brittle. 
Faulbutte, Faulbtttte, /. fermenting trough, rot- 
ting vat. 
Filale, /. rottenness; dry rot; blight; (Mining) 

rotten lode. 
faulen, v.i. rot, putrefy; (Tech.). ferment. — 

faolend, p.a. rotting, putrescent, septic. 
Fanlenzer, m. idler; (Brewing) Y connection. 
faulig, a. rotten, putrid, putrefactive, putrescent. 
Fttulids, /. putrefaction, putridness, rottenness, 

rot, sepsis. 
F&ulnisalkaloid, n. ptomaine. 
F&ulnisbakterien,, putrefactive bacteria. 
Faulnisbase, /. ptomaine. 
f&ulnisbefdrdemd, -bewirkend, -erregend, p.a. 

septic; puti^f active. 
fftalnisf&hig, a. putrefiable, putrescible. 
Fttulnisgif t, n. septic poison. 
fUuInishemmend, -hbidemd, p.a. antiseptic. 
fi&ulnisunf&hig, a. imputrefiable, imputrescible. 
fi&ulniswidrig, a. antiseptic. 
Faum, m. foam, froth. 
Faust, /. fist; grasp, 
fechten, v.i. fight; fence. 

Feder, /. feather; plume; pen; \,Meeh.) spring. 
federiihnHch, a. f eatherlUce. 
Fedoaiann, m. feather alum (halotrichite, 

alunogen or epsomite); amianthus. 
federartig, a. feathery, pltimaceous. 
Federbarometer, m. aneroid barometer. 
Federbart, m. vane or web of a feather. 
Federbosch, m. plume; tuft, crest. 
Federchen, n. Uttie feather, pen, or spring; 

(BoL) plumule. 
Federerz, n. feather oro (form of jamesonite). 
Federfaluie, /. feather flag, trimmed feather 

for removing precipitetes ; = Federbart. 
federfdrmig, a. feathered, feathery. 
Federgips, m. fibrous gypsum. 
federbart, a. springy, dastic. 
Federharz* n. rubber, caoutchouc; elaterite 
federlcht, a. feathered, feathery. 
federig, a. feathoy, plumose. 
Federkiel, m. quiU. 
Federkraft, /. dastidty. 
federkriUtig, a. elastic, springy. 
fedem, v.i. be elastic; lose feathers. 
Federsals, n. feather salt (any of various fl- 

brous or plumose mineral varieties). 
Federstahl, m. spring sted. 
Fedenrieh, n. poultry. 
Federwage, /. spring balance. 

^ Federweiss 87 

F<|ederweifl8, n. amianthua; French chalk; fi- 
brous gypsum. 

Fee, /. fairy. 

Fege, /. move, screoti, riddle. 

fegen, vM sweep; dean; winnow. 

Fegesand, m. scouring sand. 

Fegeschober, m. iSaU) scum pan. 

Fegsel, n. sweepings. 

Fehl-. false, wrong, bad, vain, mis-, mal^ 

feUbar, a. fallible. 

Fehlbeteag, m. defidt. 

fehlen, v.i. fail; err; be missing, lack. 

Fehl*r, m, en'or; nodstake, fault, defect. 

fehlerfrei, a.. faultless, sound, dear. 

Fehlo'greiuEe, /. limit of error. 

fehlerhafi, a. faulty, defective. 

Fehlgeburt, /. miscarriage. 

feUgehen, v.i. go wrong. 

Fehlgriff, m. mistake, blunder. 

Fehlguss. m. (Founding) waste. 

Fehlhigsdie LSsnng. Febling('s) solution. 

Fehlkochnng, /. defective boiling. 

Fehlschluas, m. false inference. 

Feier, f. holiday, festival, celebration; rest. 

fderiidi, a. festive; solemn. 

fdem, v.t. cdebrate, observe. — p.i, rest from 
work, strike, be idle. 

Fderstunde, /. leisure hour. 

Fdtttag, m. holiday. 

fdg, a. rotten; cowardly. 

Feigbolme, /. lupine. 

fdge, a. rotten; cowardly. 

Fdge. /. fig. 

Feigenbaiun, m. fig tree. 

feO, a. for sale; mercenary. 

Fdle,/. file; polish. 

feDen, vJ. file; polish. 

FeOiehtr n, filings. 

fdladien, v.i, bargain. 

FeOsd, n., FMI^Kne, m.pL, FeOstanb, m. 

fdn, a. fine. — adv. findy. 

fdnibreniieii, vjL refine (metals). 

Feinbrenner, m. refiner. 

Feind, m. enemy, foe. 

fefaidUch, a. hostile. 

Fdndsdiafl, /. hostility, enmity. 

Fdne, /. fineness. 

Fdndsen, n. refined iron. 

feineii, vJ. refine. 

fdnfaserlg, a. flne-fibered. 

Fdnfeaer, n. refinery. 

Fdogehalt, m. fineness (of metals). 

Fdngehaltmtempel, m. hall mark. 

feingegolvOTt, p.a. findy powdered. 

Fdnheit, /. fineness; smartness. 

Fdnhdtagrad, m. (degree of) fineness. 

Peinldea, m. fine ore, fines. 

fdnkfirnig, a. fine-grained. 

fdnkrytalHnhicfa, o. finely crystalline. 


feinlodiig, a. fine-holed, fine-pcned. 

feinmachen, vU. refine. 

fetnmahlen, vU. grind fine, triturate. 

feinmaschig, a. fine-medied. 

Fein<^en, m. refining furnace. 

fdnporig, a. findy porous. 

Felnprobe, /. ddicate test. 

Felnprocess, m. refining process. 

Felnschlacke, /. refinery dag. 

Feinschmecker, m. epicure. 

Fdnschrot, n. & m. fine groats; (Brewingy 

finely crushed malt. 
Feinflflber, n. fine silver, refined silver. 
feinverteflt, p.a. finely divided. 
feinzelUg, a. fine-cdled, findy cellular. 
fdnzerteOt, p.a. findy divided. 
Feinzeug, n. (Papjsr) pulp, stuff. 
FeinzenghoUilnder, m. (Paper) beater, beating 

Feinzinn, n. grain tin. 
Feinzocker, m. refined sugar, 
feist, a. fat; plump. 

Fdbd, m. & f. shag (the doth or its nap). 
Fdd, n. field; land, ground; pane, panel, 

Fddarbelter, m. farm laborer, fidd hand. 
Fddbaa, m. agriculture, farming. 
Fddbrand, m. (Ceram.) damp burning. 
Fdddienst, m. active (military) service. 
Fddfracht, /. farm product. 
Fddgerttt, n. agricultural implements; field 

fddgran, a. greenidi gray. 
FddUee, m. white dover; rabbit-foot dover. 
Fddkttmmd, m. wild caraway; wild thyme. 
Fddofen, m. (Ceram.) clamp Idln. 
Fddrandi, m., Fddraute, /. fumitory (Fu^ 

Fddapat, m. fddspar. 
fddapatartig, a. fddiq>athic. 
Fddspatgestein, n. f ddspathic .rock. 
fddapiUlialtig, fddspatisdi, a. fddspathic. 
Fddstecher, m. fidd glass. 
Fddstdn, m. compact fddspar; boulder; land- 
mark. • 
Fddwirtschaft, /. agriculture. 
Fdddegd, m. damp brick (brick burnt in a 

Fddmg, m. campaign. 
Felge, /. fallow; fdly, felloe. 
Fell, n. skin, hide, pdt. 
Felleiaen, n. knapsack; valise; mail bag. 
Fellleim, m. hide s^ue. 
Fdlschmitzer, m. dyer of skins. 
FeUqt&ne, hide parings. 
Fdpel, m. d^ /. »Fdbd. 
Fds, m. rock. 
Feisalaan, m. rock alum. 
Fdsarten, rocks. 
Fdsen, m, rock. 



FdaeBfeU^fe* ». Rodcy Moantaina. 
fffcwnhirt, a. hmrd as rode, roeky. 
Fr iir tfi nm n, m. mica. 
feWg. a. rodcy, roddike. 
Ffioai, n, petrdeum. 
Fciiriirt, m. f enneL 
Fenckeiliolz, n. aaanfras wood. 
Fenchrtai, n. fennel oO. 
Fenster, n. window. 
Feaater^laa, it. window gjaas. 
FcnatcfB ch cib c /. window pme. 
Ferien, f.pL hdidays, vacation. 
FerkfCl, n. young pig. 
f cimcii tieren, 9.t. ferment. 
Femieaiwirkuiig, /. fermentation. 
fern, a. far, distant. 
FeraamlwikholT, n. Brazil wood. 
Feme, /. distance, remotenesB. 
femer, a. farther, further. — adv. further, be- 
Femewirkiing, /. action at a distance. 
Femglas, n. tdesoope; spys^ass. 
femkalteii, vJ. & t. keep away. 
Fonrohr, n. = Fem^as. 
FenMehreiber, m. tdegraph. 
Femsfeht, /. perspective; vista. 
Femsprecher, m. telephone. 
Femzeielmiuig, /. perspective drawing. 
Fori-, ferric, ferri-. 
Fenibromid, n. ferric bromide. 
Fenichiorid, n. ferric chloride. 

■inre, /. f errichloric add. 
Ferricyaa, n. ferricyanogen. 
Ferricyandsen, n. ferrous ferricyanide (Tum- 

buU's blue). 
Ferrlcyanid, a. ferric cyanide; ferricsranide. 
Ferrlcyankaliam, n. potassium ferricyanide. 
Fgricyannatriam, n. sodium ferricyanide. 
Ferrfcyansflber, n. silver ferricyanide. 
Fenicyanverbindnng, /. ferricyanide. 
Ferricfanwaaserstoir, m.vTerricyanwaaaovtoff- 

sftnre, /. f erricyanic add. 
Ferridcyaakalium, n. potaaedum ferricyanide. 
Ferrieisencyaniir, n. = Ferrif errocyanid. 
Ferriferroeyanld, n. ferric ferrocyanide (Prus- 

dan blue). 
Fcrr if crrojodld, n. ferrosoferric iodide. 
Ferriferrooxyd, n. ferrosoferric oxide. 
Ferrihydroxyd, n. ferric hydhndde. 
Ferriion, n. ferric ion. 
FerrUodid, n. ferric iodide. 
Ferrinltrat, n. ferric nitrate. 
Ferriozyd, n. ferric oxide. 
Ferriphosphat, n. ferric phosphate. 
Ferrirhodanid, n. ferric thiocyanate (or sulfo- 

Ferrisalz, n. ferric salt. 
FerrisolfiRt, n. ferric sulfate. 


». fenie sulfide. 
Fell lay an, w. f enicyanogen. 
FctiiijraB-. See Ferrieyan-b 
FcRo-. fenous, ferr^-, fenoao*. 
Fcrrobromid, a. fenous bromide. 
FerroddoiM, ». ferrous chloride. 
FciTochnHii, a. ferrodirame, 
F e r itya a, n. fcrroc y anogen. 
Ferroeyaaeiaaw ». ferric femoeyanide (Prnastan 

F eti o cja aid, n. ferrous csranide; fcriocyanide. 
Fe rr o cya nkaBmn, n. potasaium ferrocyanide. 
Fe t f o cy a nknpfer, n. cupric ferroc y anide. 
Fe ii o cya miatriiim, n, sodium ferrocyanide. 
FerrocyansBber, n. silver ferrocyanide. 
Fer i o cya nTcrbindm^g, /. forocyanide. 
F e r i o cya nwsf Mwrnt^y ff, m., Fecrocyanwaaaer- 

Htoffainre, /. f errocyanic add. 
Feno cyandak , a. zinc ferrocyanide. 
Ferrofet iteya nid, n. ferrous ferricyanide. 
Femrferrioxyd, n. ferroflofarie oxide (Fe«04). 
F e rto hydr oxyd, n. ferrous hydroxide. 
FerroioB, n. ferrous ion. 
Ferrojodid, n. ferrous iodide. 
Ferrokalinmwiifat, n. ferrous potasdum sulfate. 
Ferrdmbonat, n. ferrous carbonate. 
Fermnangan, n. ferromanganeae. 
FemHiitrat, n. ferrous nitrate. 
Ferrooxyd, n. ferrous oxide. 
Ferropho^hat, n. ferrous phosphate. 
Forosalz, n. ferrous salt. 
Ferrosulfat, n. ferrous sulfate. 
FefTOsoifld, n. ferrous sulfide. 
Ferroayan, a. ferrocyanogen. 
Feirozyan-. See Ferrocs^an-. 
Ferae, /. hed. 
ferdg, a. ready; done, finished; ready-<inade; 

skilful; insolvent. 
fertigen, pU, make ready; make; do. 
Ferdgkeit, /. readiness; skill, dexterity. 
FertigDUidiien, n. finishing. 
Fertigmacher, m. finisher. 
Femladiare, /. f erulic add. 
Fessd, /. fetters; pastern. 
fessdn, vJ. fetter; captivate. 
feat, a. solid; firm, compact, strong; fast, fixed, 

tight; stouly.— -<id9. firmly, doady, strongly. 
Fast, n. feast, festival, holiday. 
Feate, /. compact rock; fortress, 
festhalten, v.t. hold fast, retain; fix. — v.i. hold, 

adhere, ding. — feathaltend, put. tenadous, 

featigen, v.L make firm, consolidate. 
Festigkdt, /. solidity, etc. (see feat); (of 

metals) tenadty; (Medt.) strength. 
festkleben, v.L & u stick fast. 
Featiand, n. continent, mainland. 
fesdegen, v.L fix; place; bed; moor (a boat). 
Festlegong, /. fixation, etc (see festl^en). 
festttch, a. festive, solemn. 



ff.. fi*., fff. 

festmachen, tJ. make fast, fasten; setde. 
Festschrift, /. festival (or annivensary) publi- 
festsetsen, vi. establish, settle, fix. 
feststehen, v.t. standi fast, be fixed. — ^festste- 

hend, p.a. stationary; stable; established, 

settled, fixed. 
feststdlen, vA. establish, ascertain, dete^nine. 
Festimssachat, m. fortification agate. 
festweich, a. semi-solid, 
fett, a. fatty, oily; fat; rich, fertile, profitable. 

— fettes Puddeln, (Jron) pig boiling. 
Fett, n. fat, grease, 
fettarm, a. poor in fat. 
f^taromatisch, a. aliphatic-aromatic. 
Fettdrttse, /. sebaceous gland. . 
Fette, /. fatness, greasiness. 
fetten, vJ, oil, grease, lubricate; stuff G^ather) ; 

Fettfleck, m. grease spot, 
fettgar, a. {Leaiher) oil-tanned. 
fettgebmiden, p.a. united to an aliphatic com* 

pound or radical. 
Fettgehalt, m. fat content. 
Fettgewebe, n. adipose tissue. 
Fettglanz, m. greasy luster. 
fetthaltig* a. containing fat, fatty. 
Fettharz, n. oleoresin. 
Fettheit, /. fatness, etc. (see fett). 
fetdg, a. fatty, fat, greasy. 
Fettkalk, m. fat lime. 

Fettkohle, /. fat coal, coal rich in volatile matter. 
FettUtarer. m. fatty compound, fat; aliphatio 

compound; fatty or greasy matter. 
Fettkttgelchen, n. fat globule. 
fetdtelich, a. soluble in fat. 
Fettnoppe, /. grease spot (in fabrics). 
Fettpndddln, n. (.Iron) pig boiling. 
Fettquarz, m. greasy Gustered) quartz. 
Fettreihe, /. fatty seizes, aliphatic series. 
Fettresenremlttel, n. fat resist, wax resist. 
fettsaner, a. sebacic 
Fettsftore, /. fatty acid; (old name for) sebacic 

Fettschmlere, /. (Leather) fat liquor. 
Fettschweiss, m. yolk (of wool) ; fatty sweat. 
Fettseife, /. soap from fats; iSoap) lard soap. 
Fettsdn, n. ropiness (of wine). 
fettspaltend, p,a, fat-deaving, lipolytic. 
Fettspaltang, /. cleavage of fat, lipolysis. 
Fettstdn, m. deolite. 
Fettstifl, m. wax pendl, wax crayon. 
Fettton, m. fuller's earth. 
Fettang,/. oiling, etc. (see fetten). 
FettTerbindang, f, fatty, compound) aliphatic 

Pettwachs, n. adipoo««. 
Fettwolle, /. wool in the yolk, grease wool. 
Fetzen, m. shred, tatter, scrap; trifie. 
feacht, a. moist; humid, damp; (of malt) slack. 

Feachte, /. moistness, dampness. 

feachten, vd, moisten, dampen, wet. 

Feuchter, m. moistener, damper, wetter. 

Feuchtigkeit,/. moisture; moistness, dampness, 
humidity; humor; phlegm. 

Feuchtigkeitsgehalt, m. moisture content. 

Feuchtigkeitsmesser, m. hygrometer. 

Feachtigkeitszeiger, m. hygroeoope. 

Feuer, n. fire. 

feuerbestandig, a. resistant to fire or heat; 
fireproof; refractory. 

Feuerbestattung, /. cremation. 

Feuerbriicke, /. fire bridge. 

fenerfest, a. fibrepsoof; refractory. — feaerfester 
Ton, fireclay. — ^feaerfester Ziegel, fir^rick. 

Feuerf iihrung, /. firing. 

feaergefjihrlieh, a. liable to take ^, inflam- 

Feuergradmesser, m. pyrometer. 

Feuerhaken, m. fire hook, poker. 

feaerig, a. »■ feurig. 

Feoerkitt, m. fireproof cement. 

FeaerkrJicke, /. furnace rake, rabble. 

Feuerkunst, /. pyrotechnics. 

Feuerleltang, /. priming, train. • 

fenerlos, a. fireless, lusterless. 

Feaerllischmittel, n. fire-extinguishing sub- 

Feuerluft, /. furnace gas; (Scheele's name for) 

Fenermesser, m. pyrometer. 

Feuermessong, /. pyrometry. 

feaern, vU. fire, heat, bum. 

Feuerporaellan, n. refractory porcelain. 

Feaerpunkt, m. {Optics) focus; iMining) hearth. 

Feuerraum, m. fireplace, fire box, furnace* 

Feuerregen,^ m. rain of fire, fiery rain. 

Feaerrohr, n. fire tube, flue; firearm. 

Feaerrohrkessel, m. fire-tube boiler, tubular 

Feuersaft, m. (Iron) slag bath. 

Feuerschwaden, m. firedamp. 

Feuerschwamm, m. tinder, punk. 

feuersicher, a. fireproof. 

Feueretein, m. flint. 

Feuerton, m. fireclay. 

Feuemng, /. firing, fire, heating; fuel; furnace; 
fireplace, hearth. 

Feueriuigsanlage, /. furnace, hearth, fireplace. 

Feuerrersichenuig, /. fire insurance. 

Feaerwerk, n. firework, fireworks. 

Feuerwerkerei, /. pyrotechnics. 

Feuerzeug, n. tinder box. 

Feuerzug, m. flue, fire tube; train of explosives. 

feurig, a. fiery; igneous; burning, hot, ardent, 
spirited; (of wine) generous; (of colors) 
bright, loud. — fenriger Schwaden, firedamp. 

ff., f.f., fff., aJbbrev, (sehr fein) very fine; (und 
f olgende) and f <dlowing, el aeq. 




F.f., abbrev. (FortsetsBung folgt) to be con- 

Fibel, /. primer. 

fibrtts, a. fibrous. 

ficelUeren» vJ. wire (bottles). 

Fichte, /. pine (Pinus species); Goosely) fir. 

Fichtenharz, n. pine resin, common resin, rosin. 

Flehtenholz, n. pine wood; fir wood. 

Fichtennadel, /. pine needle, pine leaf. 

Flchtenpech, n. = Fichtenharz. 

Fichtenspan, m. pine shaving, chip, or splint. 

FIchtenwolIe, /. pine wool, fir wool. 

Fichtenzacker, m. pinite. 

-fidren, ficirung. =-iizieren, -^fizierung. 

fidd, a. merry, jolly. 

Fieber, n. f^ver. — aussetzendes Fleber, inter- 
J*hiittent fever. 

lieberartig, a. feverish, febrile. 
4^eberarznei, /. febrifuge, antipyretic. 

Heberfest, a. immune to fever. 

^ieberklee, m. buck bean iMenyanthea). 

Fleberkraut, n. feverfew. 

Fiebermittel, n. febrifuge, antipyretic. . 

fiebem, v.i, have fever; rave. 

Fteberpalver, il. fever powder, ague powder 
- (antimonial powder). 

Fieberrinde, /. cinchona bark. 

Fiedel,/. fiddle. 

Fieder, /. leaflet; pinnule. 

fiel, pret. of fallen. 

Figurendmck, m. (Calico) topical printing. 

Ffgarendmckartikel, m. (Calico) topical style. 

figurleren, v.t. figure. 

figiirflch, a. figurative. 

FUial-. branch; as, lUialanstalt, branch estab- 

Fflias&ure, /. filidc add. 

Fliidnfittiire, /. filidnic add. 

FiUgran, n. filigree. 

Fflixflftnre, /. filidc add. 

FUtergesteU, n. filter stand. 

Filterkegel, m. filter cone. 

Flltermasse, /. (Brevfing) pulp, filter mass. 

Filterplatte, /. filter plate. 

Fllterschon^, m. filter cone. 

Filterstativ, n. filter stand. 

FUtertr&ger, m. filter holder, filtei* ring. 

Filtertnch, m. filtering doth. 

FUterturm, m. filter tower, filtering tower. 

Filterwilger, m. filter weigher, weighing tube. 

Flitrat, n. filtrate. 

flltratjonafifchlg, a. capable of filtration. 

Filtrlerapparat, m. filtering apparatus. 

filtrlerbar, a. filterable. 

Flltrlerbentel, m. filtering bag, percolator. 

filtrferen, vJ, filter, strain. 

FDtrierer, m. filterer, strainer. 

Fntrierfliiche, /. filtering surface or area. 

Flltrierflasche, /. filtering flask. 

FOtriergesteil, n. filter stand. 

FUtrierkonns, m. filter cone. 

Filtrierkorb, m, filtering basket. 

FOtrierpapier, n. filter paper. 

Flltrierplatte, /. filter plate. 

Filtrierpnmpe, /. filter pump. 

Filtrierring, m. filter ring. 

mtrierrohr, n., -rohre, /. filter tube, filtering 

FDtriersack, m. filtering bag, bag filter. 
Flltrierschale, /. filtering dish (with perforated 

Filtrierfdeb, n. filtering sieve. 
FOtrierstadv, n. filter stand. 
FUtrierstutzen, m. filtering jar (a cylindrical 

jar with lip). 
FOtriertrichter, m. filtering funnel. 
FUtriertuch, m. filtering doth; percolator. 
Flltriemng, /. filtering, filtration. 
Fntmm, n. filter. 
Fflz, m. felt; tomentum; fdt hat; miser; 

.{Metal,) slime ore. 
Fllzharkeit, /. fdting property. 
filzen, v.t. fdt. 

filzfXhig, a. capable of felting. 
FOzfthigkeit, /. felting property. 
Fllzfalte, /. (Paper) crease in the felt. 
flizig, a. of felt, feltlike, tomentous; stingy. 
FUztuch, n. fdted doth, fdt; blanket. 
filzwoUen, a. of or like felted wool. 
Fhnmel, m. female hemp. 
flnden, vA, find; discover. — p.r. understand; 

be found, exist. 
Ftndling, m. foundling; (GsoL) erratic block, 
fing, jMrel. of f angen. 
Fingerfkitter, n. fijiger stall. 
FIngerhut, m. thimble; foxglove, digitalis. 
Flngerhutkraut, m. foxglove, digitalis. 
Ffngeriing, m. finger stall. 
FIngerprobe, /. rule of thumb. 
Flngerstdn, m. belenmite. 
Fingerzdg, m. pointing with the finger; hint, cue. 
fingieren, vA. simulate, invent. — ^fin^^l, p.a. 

fictitious, imaginary. 
Fink, Finke, m. finch. 
Finne, /. pimple, pustule; stud, knot, 
finster, a. dark; obscure; gloomy. 
Finstemis, /. darkness; obscurity; gloom; 

(Astron.) edipse. 
Flnte, /. feint; fib. 
Flrma, /. firm. 
flm, a. of last year. 
Fbn, m. glader snow, n6v6, fim. 
Firnbiau, n. glader blue. 
Firnls, m. varnish. 
Firnispapief , n. glazed paper, 
findssen, v,t. varnish. 
First, m. ridge, roof. 
Fisch, m. fish. 

Fiscliaagenstein, m. apophyllite. 
Fischl>eln, n. whalebone. 




rischUase, /. fish bladder; sounds, isinglsss. 

fischen, v.L & i. fish. 

Fischerei, /. fishing; fishery. 

flschig, a. fishy. 

Fiachkttmer, lupU Indian berries (jCoeeulua in- 

Fiaehl^m, m. fidi g^ue, isingjass, {Pharm.) 

Fiachleimgiunmi, n. sarcoooUa. 

FIscMH, n. fish oil; ichthyol. 

Fischschwanz, m. fish tail. 

Fischspeck, m. fish blubber. 

Fiftchtran, m. fish oH, train oil. 

Fisethiriz, FIstelholz, n. young fustic (Colinus 

Fistel, /. fistula; falsetto. 

Fistelkassie, /. purging cassia, cassia fistula. 

fistulds, a. fistular, fistulous. 

FIttich, Fittig, m. wing, pinion. 

fix, a. fixed; smart. — 4xe Luft, fixed air (old 
name for carbon dioxide). 

Fixage, /. fixing. 

Flxbleiche, /. bleaching with chloride of lime. 

Flxfarberei, /. tipping (of plush), dyeing by 

Fixierbad, n. fixing bath. 

flxieren, vjL fix; harden; mordant (silk); 
stare at. 

FIxierfliissigkeit, /. fixing liquid or liquor. 

Fixlermittel, n. fixing agent, fixative; hardening 

Fixlematron, n.. sodium thiosulfate. 

Ftxiersalz, n. fixing salt (specif., sodium thio- 
sulfate, "hypo"). 

Fixierang, /. fixing, fixation; hardening. 

Flxterongsmittel, n. = Fixlermittel. 

Fixpankt, m. fixed point. 

Fixstem, m. fixed star. 

-fi-'ieren. -fy (as, esierifizieren, esterify). 

-fiziemng. -fication. 

fl., abbrev. (fiQssig) liquid. 

Fl., abbrev. (Fliissigkeit) liquid. 

flach, a. flat; level, plain; shallow. 

Flache, /. surface, face; flatness; flat, plain, 
plane; sheet. 

Flarhenanriehnng, /. surface attraction, ad- 

Flicheninhalt, m. area. 

Flftchenmasa* n. surface measure, square 

Flichem«am, m. area. 

Flichenwinkel, m. plane angle. 

FlaehenzaU, /. number of faces; square number. 

flachgewunden, p.a. planispiral. 

FlachheiCA flatness, etc (see flach). 

-flftcUg. -faced, -hedraL 

Fladis, m. flax. 

flachaartig, a. flaxen. 

Flachachnitt, m. horisontal section. 

nufW^ttn^ a, flft xff***j of flax. 

FlaeluMHuneii, m. fla xnon d, linseed. 

Flachastetai, m. amianthus. 

Flachzange, /. tongs with flat jaws, pUers. 

flackerig, a. flaring, flickering. 

flackem, o.<. flare, flicker. 

Flaoon, n. small bottle. 

Flader, /. curl, speckle, streak; flaw. 

fladerig, o. curled, etc. (see Flader). 

Flagge, /. flag, colors. 

flftmiach, a. flemish. 

Flftmmchen, n. flamdet, small flame. 

Flammdmck, m. chin6 printing. 

Flanune, /. flame; light. 

flammen, v.t. flame; singe; sear; water, doud 

(fabrics, etc.). — v.t. flame; bum, glow. 
Flammenbogen, m. flaming arc; electric arc. 
Flammenfl&che, /. flame surface. 
Flammenofen, m. «Flammofen. 
Flammenopal, m fire opal. 
Flanunenwerfer, m. fiame projector, flame 

flammfarbig, o. flame-colored; rainbow-colored. 
flammlcht, a. (of fabrics) watered; (of wood) 

veined, grained. 
flammieren, v.t. = flammen, v4. 
flammig, a. flamelike, flaming; (of fabrics, etc.) 

Flammkohle, /. coal that burns with flames 

(rich in volatile combustible matter). 
Flammofen, m. flame furnace, r^yerberatory 

Flanunpunkt, m. flash point. 
Flammpnnktpriifer, m. flash-point tester. 
Flammrohr, n., Fiammrohre, /. fire tube, flue. 
Flammrohrkessel, m. fire-tube boiler. 
Flanell, m. fiannel. 
Flansch, FUmtsch, m., Flansdie, Flantsche, /. 

Fl]&8chchen, n. small bottle or flask. 
Flasche, /.bottle; flask; jar; (for gas) cylinder; 

(Founding) casting box, flask; (Medi.) block. 
FlaschenabteOnng, /. (Brewing) bottlery. 
Flaschenbier, n. bottled beer. 
Flaschengestell, n. bottle rack, flask rack. 
Flaschengias, n. bottle glass. 
flaaehengrttn, a. bottle-green. 
Flaschenkappe, /. bottle cap. 
Flaschenkiirbis, m. bottle gourd; calabash. 
Flaschenzng, m. set of pulleys, block and tackle. 
Flaser, /. » Flader. 
flatterhafl, flatterig, a. fickle, fiighty. 
flattem, v.i. flutter, flicker, wave; be flighty. 
Flatterruss, m. lampblack. 
Flattlerfener, n. choked fire. 
flan, a. faint, weak; dull, slack. 
flanen, v4. buddle. 
Flanm, m. down, nap, fiuff. 
flamnig, a. downy, fluffy, pubescent. 
Flaiia Flansch, m. pilot doth, or a coat made of it. 
flaoae, /. fib; evasion- humbug. 




Flechse, /. tendon, sinew. 

Flechte, /. lichen; plait, twist; skin eruption. 

flechten, vA, plait, twist, braid, interweave. 

Flechtenrot, n. orcein. 

Flechtensiiure, /. fumaric acid (old name). 

Fleehtenst&kermeU, n. lichenin, moss starch. 

Flechtenstoffe, m,pl. lichen substances. 

Fleck, m. spot; speck, stain, blot, flaw, patch; 

pi. measles. 
Flecken, m. spot, speck, stain, flaw, taint; 

small town. 
flecken, v.t. spot, stain, speckle, mottle; patch. 

— v.i. spot, stain, blot. 
Flecken wasser, n. ^Fleckwasser. 
Fleckfieber n. typhus. 
flecklg, a. spotted, speckled , stained, flawy; 

Fleckschierling, m. poison hemlock (jConium 

Fleckseife, /. scouring soap. 
Fleckstein, m. scoring stone. 
Fleckstorchschnabelwurzel, /. (Pharm.) gera- 
nium, cra'hesbill. 
Fleckwasser, n. scouring water, scouring drops 

(any liquid used for removing spots). 
Fledermaus, /. bat. 

Fledermausbrenner, m. batswing burner. 
Flegel, m. flail; boor. 
flegelhaft, a. boorish, insolent. 
flehen, v.i. make entreaty. 
Flelsch, n. flesh, meat; (of fruit) pulp. 
Fleisch-. flesh, flei^y, meat, muscle, sarco- 

Flelschbriihe, /. meat broth, bouillon. 
fleischen, vJ. flesh. 
Fleischer, m. butcher. 
Fleischertalg, m. unmelted tallow. 
flelschfarbig, a. flesh-colored. 
fleischfressend, p.a. carnivorous. 
Flelschgift, n. meat toxin, ptomaine. 
fleiscMg, a. fleshy, fleshlike, pulpy. 
Flelschkohle, /. animal charcoal. 
Fleischkonserve, /. preserved meat. 
Fleischleim,tn. , Fleischleimgummi, n. sarcocolla. 
Fleischmilchs&ure, /. sarcolactic acid. 
Flelschsaft, m. meat juice, extract bf meat. 
Flelschwaren, meats, esp. dried meats. 
Fleischiracker, m. inosite. 
Fleiss, m. diligence, industry, purpose. 
fleisirig, a. diligent, industrious. 
fletschen, v.t. gnash. 
flicht, pr. S sing, of flechten. 
flicken, v.t. patch, mend. 
Flieder, m. elder; (spanischer) lilac. 
Fllege, /. fly; sight (of a gun). 
fliegen, v.i. fly. 
Fliegenholz, n. quassia wood. 
Fliegenkobalt, m. = Fliegenstein. 
Fliegenschwamm, m. fly agaric, fV amanita 

i Amanita muacaria). 

FfkegeaaUSn, m. fly stone (native cobalt arsen- 

fliehen, vA. & t. flee. 

Fliehkraft, /. centrifugal force. 

Fliese, /. flag, floor tile, wall tUe, paving brick. 

Fliess, n. fleece. 

flieasen, v.t. flow; run; blot; (of colors) run*, 
bleed. — fliessend, p.a. . flowing, running; 
fluid, liquid ; fluent. — ^fliessende Hitze, melting 
heat. — ^flieasende Bindung, floating linkage. 

FUesafeder, /. f oimtain pen. 

Fiiessglatte, /. wet litharge. 

FUessofen, m. pyrites kiln. 

Fliesspapler, n. blotting paper, absorbent paper. 

Flimmer, m. glitter; tinsel, spangle, mica. 

Flimmer-. ciliated, vibrating. 

flimmem, v.i. glitter, glisten, sparkle, scintillate. 

flink, a. agile, quick, alert. 

Flinte, /. gim, musket. 

FUntenlanf, m. gun barrel. 

Flintenschrot, n. gim shot, small shot. 

FUntsteln, m. flintstone, flint. 

Flinz, m. siderite. 

Flitter, m. spangle, shining platelet; tinsel. 

Flittererz, n. ore in glittering laminse. 

Filtterglas, n. pounded glass for frosting. 

Flittergold, n. Dutch metal, tombac (a kind of 

flittem, v.i. glitter, glisten, sparkle. 

Flittersand, m. micaceous sand. 

Fit., abbrev. (FlUssigkeiten) liquids. 

flocht, pret. of flechten. 

Flocke, /. flake, flock. 

flocken, v.t. flake, form flakes or flocks. 

flockenartig, a. flakelike, flocculent. 

Flockenerz, n. mimetite. 

Flockenpapler, iC. flock paper. 

Flockensalpeter, m. efflorescent saltpeter. 

flocldg, a. flocculent, flocky, flaky. 

flockig-kasig, a. curdy. 

Flockseide, /. floss silk, silk waste. 

FlockwoUe, /. short wool, flock wool. 

flog, pret. of fliegen. 

floh, pret. of fliehen. 

Floh, m. flea. 

Flohfarbe, /. puce color. 

Flohkraut, n. fleabane. 

Flor, m. bloom, blooming; gauze; nap, pile. 

Floren**n.;' "^ ..(.;?« Florentine receiver (for 
esa«,'i. ■..' . - 

floss, p ■ ' . ' '.•-* .*' 

Floss, n. "•: ^'n' , .<■; raft, float. — blmnifes 
Flo8«i, vv.'^i . 1 gran\ilar fracture. 

Floeiae, /. *:'i. i' * 

Floflfik*i«< fs , r> ..2 iron. 

flfisse I. ' f. ^. '.-ie. 

Flossvi i> m *l ^. ;•>, furnace. 

FIttte, , *\ t^. 

flott, c h'3k, ■•>: c taction) smooth; afloat; 
gay, :iui: 1. 




Flofte, /. dye liquor, dye bath; fleet, navy. 

Flottenflilssickeit, /. dye liquor. 

FlottengeAss, n. {Dyeing) color reservoir. 

Flotteiistand, m. (Dyeing) height of the liquor. 

Flottseide, /. untwisted silk. 

FlottstaU, m. ingot steel, run steel. 

Fldtz, n. layer, stratum, seam. 

FIdtzerz, n. ore in beds. 

Fltttzkalk, m. bedded limestone. 

Fldz, n. « Fldtz. 

Fluch, m. curse. 

flnchen, v.t. curse, swear. 

Flucbt, /. flight; line, row; play, swing. 

Fluchtebene, /. vanishing plane. 

FluchUiolz, n. rule, level. 

flttchtig, a. volatile; fugitive; fleeting, fragile, 
fleet, fickle, hasty. — ^flfiehtiges Langensalz, 
ammonium carbonate. — ^fliichtiges Ol, vola- 
tile oil, essential oil. — flttchtige Salbe, am- 
monia liniment, volatile liniment. 

Flttchtigkelt, /. volatility; fleetness, etc. (see 

Fluchtpankt, m. vanishing point. 

flachtrecht, a. flush. 

Flag, 9n.'ilight, flying; flock; swarm. ■ 

Flugasche, /. light (or flying) ashes. 

Flagbahn, /. line of flight, trajectory. * 

Fittgd, m. wing; flap, lobe, vane, branch; ease- 
ment (of a window); blade (of a screw pro< 
peUer); grand piano. 

fliigelfdrmig, a. wingshaped. 

Fliigelgeblilse, n. fan blower. 

Flilgdktthler, m. fan cooler. 

Fiflgdmutter, /. {Mech.) thumb nut. 

flttgdn, v.t wing. — geflttgelt, p.a. winged. 

Fliigeli«d, n. screw wheel, worm wheel; screw 
propeller; (Brewing) flighter. 

Flftgelsehraube, /. wing screw, wing nut. 

flttgge, a. fledged. 

FlngUnie, /. = Flugbahn. 

Flngmehl, n. mill dust. 

flngs, adv, quickly, instantly. 

Flugsand, m. quicksand. 

Flugstanb, m. flue dtist; (Metal.) smoke, fume; 
chimney soot; flying dust. 

Flogstanbkammer, /. condensing chamber. 

Flugweeen, n. aviation. 

floktoleren* v.%. fluctuate. 

tLvktaSs, a. fluctuating. 

Flnnder, m. flounder. 

Ffaior, n. fluorine. 

Ftnor-. of or combined with fluorine, fluoro-, 
fluo-, fluoride of (see instanoes f blowing), 

Flnorammoniam, n. ammonium fluoride. 

Flaorantfaiion, n. antimony flucnide. 

FlaoraraeB, n. arsenic fluoride. 

Fiaorbarynm, n. barium fluoride. 

FiaorbeoaHrf* n. fluorobenzene, fluobenzene. 

Fhiorbor, n. boron fluoride. 

Fluorbrom, n. bromine fluoride. 

Ffaiordirom, n. chromium fluoride. 

Fluoreisen, n. iron fluoride. 

Flaorescenz, Flnoresaeiiz, /. fluorescence. 

fla<Nresderen, v.t. fluoresoe.-^noressierend, 
p.a. fluorescent. 

Fluorid, n. fluoride (esp. an -ic fluoride as con- 
trasted with Fluorttr). 

Flnorjod, n. iodine fluoride. 

Fluorkaliam, n. potassium fluoride. 

Flnorkalzlum, n. calcium fluoride. 

Fluorkohlenstoff, m. carbon fluoride. 

Fluorlithium, n. lithium fluoride. 

Ftuormetall, n. metallic fluoride. 

Flaornatrium, n. sodium fluoride. 

Fluorphosphor, m. phosphorus fluoride. 

Flnorsalz, n. fluoride. 

Finorschwefel, m. sulfur fluoride. 

JFlucMreelen, n. selenium fluoride. 

Flaorsilber, n. silvar fluoride. 

Fluorsillzlmn, n. sQicon fluoride. 

Fluorailiziamverbindung, /. fluosilicate. 

Fluortellnr, n. ^^ellurium fluoride. 

FInortitan, n. titanium fluoride. 

FInortoluol, n. fluorotoluene, fluotoluene. 

fluorUr, n. (-ous) fluoride. Ci. Chlortir. 

Flnorverbindung, /. fluorine compoimd. 

Ftuorwasserstoff, m. hydrogen fluoride; hydro- 
fluoric acid. 

flttorwasserstoffsauer, a. of or combined with 
hydrofluoric add, fluoride or hydrofluoride of. 

Flaorwaaserstoffsfture, /. hydrofluoric acid. 

Fluordnk, m. & n. zinc fluoride. 

Fluorzinn. n. tin fluoride. 

Flur, /. field; floor; vestibule. 

Flaaa, m. flux; fluor spar; enamel; (Gems) 
pai^; fusion; flow, flowing; (Soap) figging; 
river, stream; discharge; catarrh. 

Flassbett, n. river bed. 

Fhisgeiaen, n. ingot iron; ingot metal (induding 
ingot iron and ingot sted). 

Flosserde, /. earthy fluorite. 

Flossgold, n. river gold. 

Flnssharz, n. anim6, gum anim6. 

flttasig, a. liquid; fluid. — ^fliissig machen, 
liquefy. — ^flttasig werdend, liquescent. — ^fltts- 
aiges Chlorzink, (Pharm.) solution of zinc 
chloride (and so for similar names) . — ^fliissiger 
Extrakt, fluidextract, fluid extract. 

FItisslgkeit, /. liquid; fluidity; fluid; liquor, 
(Phyeiol,) humor. 

Flttssigkeitsmass, n. liquid measure. 

Fittsslgkeitsmenge, /. amount of liquid, 

FIttsslgkeitsreibung, /. fluid friction. 

Fliissigkeitsaftule, /. column of liquid. 

FIttssigkeltaspiegel, m, surface of a liquid. 

Fliiafllgmaehen, n., fittssigm'achnng, /. lique- 

flusakieselsauer, a. of or combined with fluo- 
silidc add, fluosilicate of. 

FlnaaldaaelsHure, /. fluodlidc add. 


w. fliudni^ material^ flos; 


povoBrad flux* 

m. flowing fomaee. 
». hippopotanraa. 
'• n. fiux powder, 
ffi. riT«r aand. 
Tf a» ^ fluorwaaKntoffi 
Fhuaaiwe, /. hy dr ofl u oric add. 
riiiMachmk ilf If line a. n. ii^ot iron (i 

guiahed from ingot steel). 

floor epar, fluorite. ■ 
i, /. earthy fluorite. 
Fhiaaapatatare, /. hydrofluoric add. 
Ffaiaaatahl, m. ingot ated. 
Flaaaatfln, m. compact fluorite. 
r, n. river water. 

/. hydrofluoric add. 
flOalcm* vJ. & i, whisper. 
FInt, FInth, /. flood; (high) tide, 
focht, prel. of fediten. 
Fdhre, /. fir. 
Folge, /. sequence, aeries, set; future; eonae- 

quence, result; oondumon; comidianoe. 
folf en, vA. follow. 
firigendennaaaen, fdgenderweise, adv. as 

falgenaehwer, a. portentous, important. 
Fdgepankte, in.pL iMagnetism) consequent 

points (or pdes). 
fdgerecht, a. consequent; conduave; logicaL 
fdgem, v.*. condude, infer. 
Folgemng, /. eondusion, inference, induction. 
Folgewirkung, /. resultant, consequence. 
folglich, adv. consequently, 
folgaam, a. obedient. 
fdUeren, v.t. cover with foil, silver; page (a 

FoOikd, m. follide. 
FoUer, /. rack, torture. 
Fond, m. foundation, base, basis; capital, 

funds; (Dyeing) ground, bottom. 
Fondermaachine, /. (Paper) staining madiine. 
forderen, v.t. force; overtax. 
Forderkrankheit, /. strain disease (of 

Ftfrderkohle, /. rou^ coal, coal directly from 

the mine. 
fflrderlich, a. serviceable; speedy, 
fordern, v.t. demand, ask, require; summon; 

fttrdem, v.t. further, forward, raise, draw out, 

FVrderquantnm, n. (Mining) output. 
Fordemng, /. demand, etc. (see fordern). 
Fttrdcmiic, /. furthering, etc. (see fdrdem). 
FVrdeninftnnlttd, n. (Pharm.) adjuvant. 
Foreiie, /. trout. 
FMin, /. form; shape, cut, size; mold; tuydre; 

(Soap) frame. 

/• cnange ok fomi; daJowMtinHj 


■ae (of a book). 
pi— H^^ fBpt i Wi* of li wi fig ah^iad. 

/. formula. 

n. (structural) formula. 
9jL form, diapy, f^Aioi, t*wi4<^^ 

CSoap) frame. 

molding day, modding day. 
'Snaetd, /. molding, 

molding hooae. 
Formgebiug, /. fawhinninfc shaping. 
Faradat, n. formate. 
-fSnaig. -shaped, -formed, -f <nm, -dd. 
FanakfSrper, at. mdded body. 
fanaHch, a. formd; plain; downri^t. 
FinnliBg, m. mdded artide. 
Fannaaiid, m. mdding aand. 
Fanaatdn, m. (Lead) pipe atone, 
formnlleren, vJ. formulate. 
Formylaftnre, /. formic add. 
forach, a. vigorous; dashing. 
forachen, t .t. investigate, search. 
Forscher, m. investigator; inquirer; af»y. 
Fofadmng, /. investigation, research; inquiry. 
ForadiiuigBgd»iet, n. domain of reaourdi. 
FerachnngHgeiat, tn. spirit of researdi or inquiry. 
Forst, m. forest. 
Fdrster, m. forester. 
Foratirande, /. forestry. 
Forehnann, m. forester. 
fort, adv. on, dong, forth, away, off. 
fortan, adv. henceforth. 
fortb cote hcn, v.u continue. 
Fortbewegnng, /. locomotion, progresdon. 
Fortdauer, /. permanence, duration. 
fortdUfnndieren, vA. diffuse away, 
fortfahren, v.t. set off, depart; go on, continue, 
fortflieoocn, v.t. flow or run odff or away. 
fortftthren, vJ. carry away, convey; continue, 

fortkommen, v.t. get away; get on, progress. 
Fortkmnmen, n. escape; getting en, success, 
fortlaaaen, v.<. let go; leave out, omit- 
fortianfend, puu continuous, continud, suocea- 

fortpflanzen, vU. propagate, transmit, communi- 
Fortpflanznng, /. propagation, tranamisdon, 

Fortpflanznngageachwlndigkeit, /. vdodty of 

propagation (or of transmission). 
Fortaatz, m. continuation; (Med.) process, 
fortachaffen, vU. take away, remove, get rid of, 

fortachrdtend, p.a. progresdve; onward. 
Fortschritt, m. advance, advancement, progress, 
fortaetzen, \>.l. continue, carry on; aet away. 




Fortsetsmig* /. continuation; prosecution, pur- 

flktwiUireiid, p.a. continual, continuous, per- 
manent, constant. 

forderen, o.<.. force; overtax. 

fossOieiilialtis, a. fossiliferous. 

Foamier, n. veneer. 

fonmieren, vA. veneer, inlay. 

Fradit, /. freight; cargo, load, shipment. 

Frachtbrief, m. way bill, bill of lading. 

frachtfrei, a. frdght-f ree, carriage paid. 

Fraditgeld, n. freight; cartage. 

Fraditgnt, n. frdght. 

Frage, /. question; demand. 

tngien, vJ. & u ask. — es fhigt afeh, it is a 

Fragegekhcn, n. interrogation point. 

frai^Qch, a. questionable, doubtful; in-question, 
af OTementioned. 

fraktioniereii, vA, fractionate. — fraktlonierte 
DcfltfUation, fractional distillation. 

Fralrtlonlerkolben, m. fractionating flask. 

Fraktionierrohr, n., -rtthre, /. fractionating 

FraktioBskolben, m. fractionating flask. 

Fraktfonarohr, n., -rdlure, /. fractionating tube. 

Frankreieh, n. France. 

Franae, /. fringe. 

Framdiand, m. calf binding; calf-bound book. 

Franzbranntwein, m. brandy, cognac. 

Franzgold, n. French leaf gold (pale, due to 
silver alloy). 

Franaose, m. Frenchman; monkey wrench. 

Franaosenliarz, n. guaiacum. 

FraaaoaeiiliDlz, n. guaiacum, lignum vitse. 

franaSfliach, a. French. — fhunattsische Beeren, 
Avignon berries. 

Franrtopaa, m. smoky topas. 

fraas, preL of fressen. 

Frasa, m. food, feed. 

Fratae, /. grimace; whim. 

Frataeniiialer, m. caricaturist. 

Fran, /. woman; wife; lady; Mrs. 

Framenant, m. gynecologist. 

Franendiatd, /. Scotch thistle. 

Franeneia, n. (Aftn.) selenite. 

Frauentfas, n. (ikftn.) selenite. — maflisehes 
Franen^M, muscovite. 

Fraoenliaar, n. iBoL) maiden-hair. 

franenhall, a. womanlike, womanly. 

Frauenhrilknnde, /. gynecology. 

Fraoenmflch, /. human milk. 

Frauenapat, m. (Hf in.) selenite. 

Fra a enapi e gel, m. Venus's looking-glass. 

Fnuieiiaiamier,n.female, woman ;lwoman's room. 

Frftoleiii, n. young lady^-single lady. Miss. 

fredi, a. bold, braaen. 

frei,; uncomblned; liberal; b(M; open; 
poBliiaid, prepMd. — fk«l warden, be set free, 
be disengaced. 

-fireL free (from), -less, an^ ba, wa$$erfrei, free 
from water, anhydrous. 

FMbrief, m. license, charter, patent, permit. 

lYeiooavert, n. stamped envdope. 

freidrehen, vA, iCeram.) throw. 

f^eien, vA. marry. — v.t. make love. 

Freier, m. wooer, suitor. 

Freifran, /. baroness. 

f^elgebig, a. generous; prodigal. 

Freigdat, m. freethinker. 

freihalten, vA. pay for (someone). 

Freihelt, /. freedom; degree of freedom; lib- 
erty; franchise. 

Fr^h^tagrad, fa. degree of freedom. 

Freiherr, m. baron. 

freHich, adv, of course; to be sure. 

freimachen, vA. set free, liberate, disengage; 
' pr^Miy. 

Freimarke, /. postage stamp. 

FYehnanrer, m. freemason. 

Vrebantf m. frankness, sincerity. 

freii^rechen, vA. acquit; dispense. 

Freistaat, m. republic. 

Freiwerden, n. liberation, disengagement. 

fi-eiwerdend, p.a. (b^ing) set free; nascent. 

freiwUlig, a. spontaneous; voluntary; free. 

Freiwilliger, Freiwillige, m. volunteer. 

£remd, a. foreign; strange; exotic; belonging 
to others. 

ftemdartig, a. heterogeneous; odd. 

Fremde, m, & /. stranger; foreigner; visitor; 
(/.) foreign country. 

Fremdk5rper, m, foreign substance; foreign 

Frequenz, /. frequency; crowd; attendance; 

. traffic. 

Ireasen, «.(. corrode; eat. — freaaead, pM, cor- 

Fressen, n. food. 

fresagierig, a. greedy, voracious. 

FrfonTflle, /. phagocyte. 

Freude, /. joy, comfort, enjoyment. 

Frendenfener, n. bonfire. 

fireadife a. joyful, glad, hearty. 

f^uen, vA, make fl^ad, rejoice. — 9.r. be g^ad, 

Frennd, m. friend; rdation. 

freun^ch, a. friendly; kind, cheerful, pleasant. 

Freandschaft, /. friendship; acquaintance; 
favor; friends, kindred. 

Frevei, m. misdeet^ crime. 

Friede, /. peace. 

friedfertig, a. peaceable. 

Friedhof, m. cemetery. 

friedlich, a. peaceful, peaceable. 

frieren, v.i. freeze, ccmgeal; feel edld, — gefiporen 
p.a. frozen, congealed. 

Frieren, n. freezing; shivering; ague. 

Frierpunkt, m. freezing-point. 

Friktionameaaer, m. tribometer. 





frisch, a. fresh; green (hide); vigorous, gay. — . 

adv. freshly; cheerily. 
Frischarbeit, /. fining process, fining. 
Frischblel, n. refined lead. 
Frischeisen, n. refined iron. 
frischen» v.L fine, refine; revive Githarge); 

reduce Gead). 
Frlscher, m. finer, refiner. 
Frischerd, /. finery, refinery. 
Frlschereiroheisen, n. forge pig. 
Frischesse, /. refining furnace, refinery. 
Frischfener, m. refining fire, refinery. 
frischgefftUt, p.a. freshly precipitated, 
frischgebrannt, p.a.' fre&hly buAied. 
Frischlech, m. crude matt. 
Frischling, m. {Metal.) scoria; young boar. 
Frischofen, m. refining furnace, refinery.. 
Frisehprozess, m. {Metal) fining (or r^ning) 

Frischschlacken, refinery cinders. 
Frischstahl, m. steel made in a refinery, German 

steel, natural steel. 
Frischstiick, n. (Copper) liquation cake. 
Frischung, /. fining, etc. (see frischen). 
Frischwirkung, /. (ilfetoZ.)- fining, refining. 
frisst, pr. 2 &S sing, of fressen. 
Frist, /. time, space of time, respite, 
fristen, v.t. prolong, delay. 
Fritte, /. frit. 
fritten, v.t. frit, sinter. 

Frittenporzellan, n. soft porcelain, frit porcelain. 
Frittofen, m. frit Idln; (Glass) calcar. 
Frittong, /. fritting, sintering. 
froh, a. glad, joyful, cheerful, happy. 
frtfhlich, a. joyful, glad, merry. 
Frohsinn, m. cheerfulness. 
fromm, a. gentle; pious; brave. 
frommen, v.i. avail. 
fronen, v.t. be a slave, indulge. 
Fronleichnamsfest, n. Corpus-Christi day. 
fror, pret. of frieren. 

FroBch, m. frog; (Maeh.) cam, arm, etc. 
Froscharten,, batrachians. 
Froschlalchpflaster, n. (Pharm.) lead plaster. 
Froschldffel, m. water plantain (Alisma). 
Frost, m. frost, cold; chill. 
Frostbeule, /. chilblain. 
frttsteln, v.t. feel chilly. 
Frostmlschnng, /. freezing mixture. 
Frostpunkt, m. freezing point. 
Frostschnitt, m. frozen section. 
frottieren, v.t. rub; brush. 
Fnicht, /. fruit; grain; crop; fetus, embryo; 

profit, produce, product. 
Fruchtabtretbongsmittel, n. abortefadent. 
Fmchtftther, m. fruit essence, specif., amyl 

fruchtbar, a. fruitful, fertile, plenteous. 
fnichten, v.i. have effect, be of use. 
FruchtgeUe, n. jam. 

Fmchthalter, m. uterus. 

Fmchtloioten, m. (Bot.) ovary. 

Fmchtsfture, /. fruit add. 

Fmchtwasser, n. anmiotic fiuid. 

Frachtwechsel, m. rotation of crops. 

Fmchtzacker, m. fruit sugar, levulose. 

fmg, pret. of fragen. 

frilh, a. early; premature. — adv. early, soon. 

Friihe, /. eaiUness, early morning. 

friiher, a. parlier, former. — adv. formerly. 

Friihiing, m. spring. 

frtihreif, a. early-ripe; precocious. 

Frtthstiick, n. breakfast. 

friihzeitig, a, early; premature; precodous. 

Fudis, m. fox; trestle, jack; fiue; sorrel horse; 

freshman; fluke; (Metal.) piece of iron that 

cannot be melted. 
fnchsig, a. foxy (yellowish or reddish brown). 
Ihchsrot, a. foxy, reddish brown. 
Fuchtel, /. blade, sword, rod. 
Fnder, n. cartload; large wine measure. 
Fug, m. right, authority. 
Fnge, /. joint; slit; groove; suture. 
fagen» fUgen, v.t. join, unite; add. 
fiigUch, a. reasonably; wdl, easily. 
f figsam, a. tractable, pliant. 
Fiignng, /. joining; jointing; resignation; 

ftthlbar, a. sensible, palpable, perceptible. 
fiihlen, «.<., t. & r. feel. 
Fiihlen, n. feeling, sensation, perception. 
Ffihlung, /. feeling, sensation; touch, contact. 
fahr, pret. of fahren. 
Fohre, /. carrying, carriage, cart, load. 
fiihren, v.t. lead, guide; carry, convey; bear, 

wear; construct; carry on; [ run (a machine) ; 


Fuhrmann, m. carter, driver, carrier. 

Fiihmng, /. leading, etc (see fiihren); con- 
duct; guide, 

Fiihmngsstange, /. guide rod. 

Fuhrwerk, n. vehicle. 

Fttll-. filling, bottling, feed, stuffing. 

FlUlapparat, m. fiUing apparatus, botding ap- 

Fiille, /. filling; fulness, abundance; (of colors) 
body, depth. 

ftUIen, v.t. fiU, fill up; pour, put (in); load 
(paper, etc.); plump Oeather); stuff. — 
v.r. fill. 

FttUen, n. filling, etc. (see fallen); foal; colt; 

Fuller, m. filler; loader. 

FtiUhans, n. filling house, filling room; (Soap) 
frame room. 

Fiillh<Hii, n. cornucopia. 

FttUlfiffel, m..filling ladle. 

Fiillmasse, /. (Sugar) massp^-; j'< 

Fttlbnaterial, FOHmittel 
ing, stuffing, filler; 

il ti . 





FfUlnAr, n^ FiOlrttlire, /. filling tube, feed pipe, 

Flillsd«n. stuffing. 

Fiillstoff, in. » Fulhnaterial. 

Fiillstrlcli, m. fiUing mark, ** fuU " mark. 

Fttlltricliter, m. filling funnel, fumiel, hopper. 

Fallnng, /. filling, stufiSng, packing; panel. 

fiilniinia«n, v.i. fulminate. 

I^un., abbrev, of fumaroid. 

Fomarsfinre, /. fumaric add. 

Fundament, n. foimdation, base, basis; {Metal,, 
etc.) bottom plate, soleplate. 

flindig, a. ore-bearing. 

Fnndort,m.,Fundstatte,/. locality (where some- 
thing is discovered), habitat. 

filnf, a. five. 

fUnfatomlg, a. pentatomic. 

Fiinfeck, n. pentagon. 

f Onfeckig, a, pentagonaL 

fUnffach, a. fivefold, quintuple, penta-.— - 
flinffach-Chlorphosphor, phosphorus penta- 
chloride.— ifttnffach-Schwefelantimoii, anti- 
mony pentasulfide. 

flinfgliedrig, a. five-membered. 

Fiinfrtng, m, five-membered ring. 

f iinfseitig, a. five-sided, pentahedral. 

fiinfle, a. fifth. 

fiinfwertig, a. pentavalent, quinquivalent. 

f unfidg, fiuil^g, a. fifty. 

fnn^eren, v.t. function, act; officiate. 

Funke, /. Funken, m., spark; sparkle. < 

fnnkein, v.i. sparldeHS^tillate; glitter. 

FnnkenbUdnng, /. sparkling. 

Fnxikengeber, m. sparking device, spark coil. 

Funkenholz, n. touchwood. 

Fnnkensammler, m. spark condenser. 

Fonkenspektrom, n. spark spectrum. 

Fonkenspiel, n. play of sparks. 

Fnnkensprilhen, n. emission of sparks, scintil- 

ftir, prep, for. — fttr Ach, per se; was fttr ein, 
what kind of. 

FttrUtte, /. intercession. 

Forche, /. furrow; groove, channd; wrinlde. 

fnrchen, v.t. fmrow; crease. 

FurehenspiAtel, /. grooved spatula. 

Forcht, /. fear, fright; horror. 

forchtbar, a, fearful, terrible. 

fiirchten, vA, & r. fear, be afraid. 

fnrchtsun, a. timid. 

Farchnng, /. furrowing; segmentation. 

Fnmler, n. veneer. 

fkirnieren, vj, veneer, inlay. 

Fitarsorge, /. care, solicitude. 

Fiirspniche, /. intercession. 

FiirsC, m. prince. 

flirstemnilssig, a, princely. 

Fttrstentmn, n. principality 

f firstUch, a. princely. 

Fort, /. ford. 

f iirwaihr, Obdv. in truth, indeed. 

Fttrwort, n. pronoim. 

Fusel, m. fusel oil; bad spirits, bad liquor. 

Fuselgemch, m. odor of fusel oil. ^ 

fkisellialtig, a. containing fusel oil. 

ftis^g, a. containing fusel oil; intoxicated. 

Fnselfil, n. fusel oil. 

Fuslonspunkt, m. fuong point, melting point. 

Fuss, m. foot (in various senses); base; estab- 
lishment; standard; footing. 

Fuss-, foot, pedal, ped-; low, bottom, base, 

Fossbeuge, /. instep. 

Fussblatt, n. May apple ^Podophyllum peUor- 
turn); sole (of the foot). 

Fussboden, m. floor, flooring; groimd. 

Fnssbodenplatte, /. floor tile. 

Fussbodenziegel, m, paving tile, paving brick. 

Fussbrett, n. pedal. 

fussfiUIig, a. prostrate. 

Fussgftnger, m, pedestrian. 

Fussgelenk, n. ankle joint. 

Fussgestell, n. pedestal. 

FnssgUitte, /. black, impure litharge. 

Fossmehl, n. the lowest grade ot flour. 

Fussnote, /. footnote. 

Fusspfund, n. foot pound. 

Fusspunkt, m. (McUh.) foot; {Astron.) nadir. 

Fussteppidi, m. carpet, rug. 

Fusswurzel, /. tarsus. 

Fusszehe, /. toe. 

Fusszylinder, m. cylinder with a base. 

Fustage, /. barrels, casks; package. 

Fustik, n. fustic. 

Fntter, n. food, feed, fodder, forage; lining, 
casing, case, coating, covering; chuck (of a 

Futteral, n. case, casing, box. 

Futterbohne, /. horse bean. 

Futtererbse, /. field pea (Ptsum anense). 

Fntt^'gerste, /. winter barley. 

Futtergetreide, n. grain for feeding. 

Futtergew&chse,, forage plants, fodder 

Fnttergras, n. green f odd^. 

Futterklee, m. red clover. 

Futterkom, n. grain for feeding. 

Futterkrftater, n,pl. = Futtergewttchse. 

Fnttermittel, n. — Futterstoff. 

fttttem, futtern, v.t,^teed; line, case, coat. 

Fntterrlibe, /. common turnip (Brosstca 

Futterstoff, m. feeding stuff; lining. 

Fntterstroh, n. fori^ straw, feeding straw. 

Ftttterung, /. feeding; feed, food, fodder, for- 
age; lining, casing, sheathing. 

Futterwicke, /. common vetch (Vicia eativa), 

Futterwurzei, /. forage root. 




gab, preL of geben, 

Ciabanholz, n. camwood. 

Ciabe, /. gift; dose; alms. 

Gabel, /. fork; crotch; tendril; ahafta (of a 

gabelartitf, gabelfSnnig, a. forked, furcate, 

Gabelklammer, /. forked damp. 
GabelteOantf, /. forking, bifurcation, 
gackein, gackem, v.i. cackle. 
Gadolinerde, /. gadolinia, gadolinium oadde. 
gaffen, v.t. gape; Crack. 
Gagat, m., Gagatkohie, /. jet. 
Silhnen, o.t. yawn. 
G&hr-. See G&v. 
gahren, v.i. » gfiren. 
Gais, /. « Geiss. 
Galangawnrzel, /. galangaL 
Galgant, in. galangal. 
Galgen, m. gallowa. 

Galgenhf^ n. rotten wood, touchwood. 
Galizenstein, Galitzenstein, m. white vitriol 

(zinc sulfate); (blauer) blue vitriol. 
gallzisch, a. Galidan. 
Gallapfel, m. (nut) gall, gallnut. 
GalUipfeiansgnss, m. infusion of nutgalls. 
GalUipfeis&ure, GaUapfdgerbfiiiiire, /. gallotan- 

nic add (ordinary tannic add). 
Gallat, n. gallate. 
Galle, /. gall, bile; gall, protuberance, (ilftn.) 

nodiile; flaw; {Glass) gall, sandiver. 
Galleiche, /. gaU oak. 
gallen, gailen, v4. gall, treat with gallnuts; 

remove the gall from. 
gallenabf tthrend, p.a. cholagog. 
gallenartig, a. biliary. 
GalieiibehiUter, m. gall bladder. 
Gallenbitter, n. picromd. 
Gallenblase, /. gall bladder. 
GaiienUasenstein, m. a Gallenstdn. 
Gallenbrann, n. bilirubin. 
GaDendarm, m. duodenum. 
GaDenfiubstolTy m. bile pigment, biliary pig- 
GaUenfet^ n. chdesterol. 
Gallenfettsailre, /. bile add. 
Gallenfistel, /. biliuy fistula. 
Gallengang, m. bile duct. 
Gallengdb, fi. bilirubin. 

Ganengriln, n. biliverdin. 

Gallenstture, /. bile add, 

Gallenseife, /. gall soap, oz-gall soap. 

Gallenstdn, m. gallstone, biliary calculus. 

Gailensteinfett, n. diolesterol. 

Gallenstoff, m. bile substance (or constituent); 
(formerly) bilin. 

Gallensttss, n. picromeL 

GaOentalg, m. cholesterol. 

gallentrdbend, p.a. cholagogic 

Gallenzacker, m. picromd. 

Gidlert, n. jelly; gelatin; glue. 

gallertilhnllcli, gallertartlg, a. jeUylike, gelati- 
nous; ooUoidaL 

Gallerte, /. - Gallert. 

gaUoilg, a. jdlylike, gelatinous. 

Gallertmoos, n. Iceland moss; carrageen. 

GaDertfdlare, /. pectic add. 

Gallertsubstanz, /. colloid substance, colloid. 

GaUetseide, /. silk waste. 

Galli-. gallic (relating to trivalent gallium). 

GalUclilorid, n. gallic chloride. 

gallieren, vd. gall, treat with gallnut 

galUg, a. biliary, bilious; bitter like galL 

Gailihydrozjrd, n. gallic hydroxide. 

GalllpothanE, n. galipot. 

Gallisalz, n. gallic salt. 

gallisieren, v4. {Wine) gallize. 

Gallitzenstein, m. =» Galizenstdn. 

GaUseife, /. » Gallensdf e. 

Gallns, m. nutgalls, gallnuts. 

Gallusgerbsftore, /. gallotannie add, tannic 
add (proper), tannin. 

gallassauer, a. of or combined with gallic add, 
gallate of. 

GallusiAiire, /. gallic add. 

Gallusisttaregkmng, /. gallic fermentation. 

Galmd, m. calamine(hydrou8 zinc silicate, also 
zinc carbonate). 

gait, pret. of gdtem. 

galvanisch, a. galvanic. 

galvanisieren, v.t galvanize. 

Galvanisieren, n., Galvankdemng, /. galvani- 

GahranlsmiiB, m. galvanism. 

Galvanoplastik, /. galvanoplastics. 

Galvanoste^e, /. deetroplating, deetrodepod- 





Gamander, m. germander (Teiiertttm). 

Gamaeehe, /. gaiters, spats. 

Gambe,/. (Ceram.> jamb. 

Gang, m. motion, action, working state; course, 
patii, passage; (Mining) seam, vein, gallery; 
(Meek.) gear, thread; (Med.) duct, canal; 
going, gait, pace, walk; round, shift. 

Gangart, /. gangue, matrix; gait. 

gangbar, a. pervious; passable; current; mark- 
etable; in r^^ar demand; (Pharm,) offi- 

Gangws, n. vein ore. 

Gan^estein, n. (.Mining) gangue. 

Ganghdhe, /. pitch (of a screw). 

Gangmasae, /. (Mining) gangue. 

Gangstein, m. (Mining) gangue. 

Gans, /. goose; (MetaL) pig; (SaU) lump of 
salt; (Mining) hard'rock.^ 

G&nseUiime, /. daisy. 

GanaefHfwchen, quotation marks. 

Ganaehant, /. goosefledi, creeps. 

Giinseleberpastete, /. p6t6 de f oie gras. 

G&nserich, Ganser, m. gander. 

GMnriein, n. gosling. 

Ganter, m. support (for casks). 

ganz, a. whole; all, full, perfect. — adv. wholly, 
entirely, all, quite, very. 

Ganz,/. (Metal.) pig. 

Ganze, Gauzes, n. whole; whole number. 

Ganzform, /. pig mold, pig bed. 

Ganzhoilander, m, (Paper) beat^, beating 

Ganzh<^ n. unhewn timber, round timber. 

Clnzlieh, a. whole, full. — adv. wholly, abso- 

Ganzmahlen, n. (Paper) beating. 

Gaozstoff, m. » Ganzzeug. 

GanzstofflKrflfinder, m. = Ganzhollftnder. 

ganzzahlig, a. integral. 

Ganzzeug, n. (Paper) whole stuff, stuff, pulp. 

Ganzzengkasten, m. (Paper) stuff chest. 

gar, a. done; purified; (Metal.) refined; 
(Leather) tanned, also dressed. — itdv, fully, 
quite, very, at all, even. 

Gar-, finishing; dressing; (Metal.) refining, 

Gir-. fermenting, fermentation. 

Gararbelt, /. refining. 

Garana, m. finishing stroke, ruin. 

Garbe, /. sheaf; (Iron) fagot, pile; caraway; 
yarrow (Achillea), 

Girbottich, m. fermenting vat .or tub, fer- 

Garbrand, m. (Ceram.) finishing bum. 

gsrbrainen, v.L (Ceram.) fire to maturity. 

Glrbtttte, /. » Gfirbottich. 

Gjirdiemie, /. = Gftrungsdiemie. 

Girdaaer, /. duration of fermentation. 

Garderobe, /. wardrobe; dressing room. 

Gardiiie,/. curtain. 

Gare, /• refined state, finished state; (Leather) 
dressed state, dressing, hides dressed at one 
time, tawing paste; (Metal.) refined state. 

Gttre, /. fermentation; .yeast; (Wine) bouquet* 

Gareisen, n. refined iron; trial rod (for testing 
melted copper). 

^ren, v.i. ferment. — gegoren, p.a. fermented. 

garen, v.t. dress, refine, finish (any technical 

Garerz, n. roasted ore. 

Gftrfass, n. fermenting cask, union. 

garfrlschen, v.t. refine thoroly. 

G&rf iihmng, /. method of fermentation. 

Gargang, m. (Metal.) good working order; thoro- 

Gargekr&tz, n. refinery slag. 

Garherd, m. refining hearth. 

Cttrkammer, /., Gftrkeller, m. fermenting room.. 

G&rk$lbchen, n. (Urinalysis) fermentation 

G&rkralt, /. fermenting power. 

Garkr&tze, /. refinery slag. 

Garkttche, /. cook shop, eating house. 

Garkupfer, n. refined copper. 

Garleder, n. dressed leather. 

garmachen, vA. refine (metals); dress Geather). 

GSimittel, n. ferment. 

Gam, n. yam; thread, twine; net. 

Gamete, /. shrimp; prawn. 

gamieren, v.t. trim, garnish. 

Gamltur, /. trimming, fitting, mounting, gar- 

Garofen, m. refining furnace. 

Garprobe, /. refining assay. 

Garschaum, m. (Iron) kish. 

Garscheibe, /. (Copper) disk of refined copper. 

Garschlacke, /. refining slag, rich slag. 

Garspan, m. (Copper) coating of metal on the 
trial rod. 

garstig, a. dirty, ugly, bad, mean. 

Gttrstoff, m, ferment. 

Garstiiek, n. lump of purified salt. 

Garten, m. garden. 

Gartenban, m., Gartenbaokanst, /. horticulture. 

Gartendistel, /. artichoke. 

Gartenknnat, /. horticulture. 

Gftrtner, m. gardener. 

Gftrtnerei, /. gardening, horticulture. 

gttrtttchtlg, a. (of yeast) vital. 

Gttrimg, /. fermentation. — Ganmg erregend, 
Gttmng erzengend, fermentative. — Gftrung 
hemmend, Gftnmg verhindemd, antiferment- 

G&rungsalkohol, m. ethyl alcohol. 

G&rungschemie, /. fermentation chemistry,, 

gttmngserregend, pM. fermentative, zymogenic. 

Gftmngserreger, m. ferment. 

gftnmgaf&hig, a. fermentable. , _, 

G&mngflflUiigkei^, /. fermentability. ; ' 





GSningflkrafl, /. fermentative power. 

Gilningslelire, /. zymology. 

GUnuigsmesser, m. zymometw. 

CrMmnganittel, n. ferment. 

GJimngspilz, m. fermentation fungus. 

Gilningsvorgang, m. fermentation process. 

g&imgswidrig, a. antizymotie, antifermentative. 

Gamngszeit, /. time to completion, time re- 
quired to produce any technical product 
in the finished state. 

GMrvermdgen, n. fermenting capacity. 

Garwage, /. iS<Ut) brine gage. 

Gasableitungsrolir, n. gas delivery tube. 

gadUinlich, a. resembling gas» gaseous. 

Gasanalyae, /. gas analysis. 

faaanalytisch, a. gas-analysis, gas-anaiyticaL 

Gasangriir, m. gas attack. 

Gasart, /. kind of gas. 

taaartig, a. gasiform, gaseous. 

GasbehSlter, m. gas holder, gasometer. 

Gasbelenchtong, /. gas • lighting, illumination 
with gas. 

Gai^bereitiing, /. gas making. 

Gasbeschiessung, /. gas bombardment. 

Gasbesichtigung, /. gas inspection. 

gasbfldend, p.a gas-forming. 

Gasbildner, m. gas former, gas producer. 

Gasbildung, /. formation of gas, gasification. 

CrasUase, /. gas bubble. 

(Gasbleiche, /. gas bleaching. 

Gaabrenner, m. gas burner. 

, gasdieht, a. gas-tight. 

Gasdichte, /. gaseous density. 

Gaadrock, m. gas pressure, gaseous pressiu«. 

GaseinsteUer, m. gas regulator. - 

Caaen, v.t. gas. 

Gasentbindnngsflasche, /. gas-generating bottle 
or flask, gas generator. 
->G^flentbindungsrohr, n. gas delivery tube. 

Ga89ntwick(e)lang, /. evolution of gas. 

Gasentwickler, m. gas generator. 

Gaaerzeager, m. gas generator, gas producer. 

Gaaerzeugung,/. production of gas» gasification. 

gasf., abbrev. (gasfdrmig) gaseous. 

Gasfabrik, /. gas works. 

gasfdrmig, a. gaseous, gasiform. 

Gasgeblase, n. gas blast; gas blast apparatus. 

Gasgemenge, Gasgemlsch, n.' gaseous mixture, 
gas mixture, mixture of gases. 

Gasgeschoss, n. gas projectile; specif., gas shell. 

Gasgesetz, n. gas law. 

GasgMchung, /. gas equation. 

GasgHihlicht, n. incandescent gas light. 

Gasgranate, /. gas shell; gas grenade. 

Gasgranatenangriff, m. gas shell attack. 

Gasfaalter, GashiUter, m. ~ Gasbeh&lter. 

gashaltig, a. containing gaa. 

gasieren, v.t. gas. 

Gaakalk, m. gas lime. 

Gaskampfllasche, /. a small .gas cylinder for 
cloiid gas attacks. 

Gaakette, /. (Elee,) gaa edl. 

Gaskocher, m. gas burner (on which a vessel 

may be set), gas hot plate, gas cooker. 
Gaskohle, /. gas coal; gaa-retort carbon. 
Gaakrafkmaachine, /. gas engine. 
Gaaleitung, /. gas conduction; gas conduit; flue. 
GafiddtongsrShre, /. ga»«ondueting tube, gas 

tube; gas pipe. 
Gaslicht, n. gaslight. 
Gasmesaw, m. gas meter. 
Gaamesarohr, n., -rtthre,/. = Gasmessungsrohr. 
Gasmessung, /. measurement of gases, or of gas. 
Gasmessungsrohr, n., -rtthre, /. gas-measuring 

tube; eudiometer. 
Gasmine, /. projector drum. 
Gasofen, m. gas furnace; gas-fired kiln; gas stove. 
Gas0l, n. gas oil. 
gas5s, a. gaseous. 
Gaspfeife, /. gas pipe. 
Gaspressnng, /. gas pressure. 
Gasprobe, /. gas test; gas testing. 
Gasprttfer, n. gas tester. 
Gasquelle, /. gas well. 
Gasraum, m. gas volume, volume of gas. 
Gasrohr, n., Gasrdhre, /. gas tube; gas pipe. 
Gassack, m. gas bag. 
Gassammler, m. gas collector, gas tank. 
Gasschlauch, m. gas tubing, gas tube. 
Gasse, /. street, lane, alley; {Founding) channel. 
Gasstrahl, m. gas jet. 

Gasstrom, .m. current of gas, stream of gas. 
Gassumpf, m. a dense, low-lying gas cloud. 
Gast, m. guest; visitor, stranger, customer; 

star (actor). 
G&Bt, /. yeast. 
Gasteer, m. gas tar. 
Gast^ung, /. device (as a T-tube) for dividing 

a gas supply. 
Gasterei, /. feast, feasting, banquet, 
gastfrei, gastfreundlich, hospitable. 
Gastgeber, m. host. 
Gasthaus, n., Gasthof, m. inn, hotd. 
Gastmehl, n. banquet, feast. 
Gastrockner, m. gas drier. 
GastroUe, /. star rOle, star part. 
Gastwtrt, m: innkeei>er, landlord. 
Gastwirtschaft, /. innkeeping; inn. 
Gasuhr, /. gas meter. 
gasvolumetrisch, a. gasoractric. 
Gaswanne, /. gas trough, pneumatic trough. 
Gaswaschanfsatz, m. gas-washing attachment, 

washing tube. 
Gaswascher, m. gas washer. 
Gaswaschflasche, /. gas-washing bottle. 
Gaswaschtorm, m. gas-washing tower, gas 

Gaswasser, n. gas liquor. 
Gaswechsd, m. gas exchange. 
Gaawerfer, m. gas projector. 
GaswerferangrifT, m. (gas) projector attack. 
Gasw<rfke, /. gas wave* gas cloud. 




Gaswolkenangriir, m. gas wave attack, doud 
gas attack. 

Gaszilhler, m. gas meter. 

Gaszjinder, m. gas lighter. 

Gaszastand, m. gaseous condition. 

Gatte, m. husband. 

Gatter, n. grate, grating, lattice, railing. 

gatton, vJ. refine (tin). 

gattieren, v4. mix; sort, classify. 

Gattierung, /. mixing; mixture of ores; sorting. 

Gattin, /. wiife. 

Gattung, /. genus; kind, sort; family, race; 

Gattongsname, m. generic name. 

Gau, m. district, county. 

Gauchheil, n. scarlet pimpernel (Ajiagallis ar- 
vensia); self-heal {Prunella vulgaria), 

ganfrieren, v.t. goffer, emboss. 

gaukeUiaft, a. juggling, deceptive. 

gankeln, v.i. juggle; flit about. 

Gaol, m. nag, jade. 

Ganmen, m. palate. 

Gaoner, m. swindler, cheat. 

gaatschen, v4. (Paper) couch. 

Gayerde, /. native saltpeter earth, saltpeter 

Gaze, /. gauze; canvas. 

ge-. A prefix used in forming the past parti- 
ciple of most 'verbs, in forming collective 
nouns (as Gerftt/ apparatus, tools), and in 
various other ways. 

Gettchtete, m. outlaw. 

G^der, n. veins, veined structure; system of 
blood vessels. 

geb., abbrev. (gebunden) bound; (geboren) bom. , 

Gebilck,n. baking, batch; baker's wares, pastry. 

Gebilk, n., Gebalke, /. timber work. 

gebar, preL of gebftren. 

Gebilrde, /. gesture; demeanor; mien. 

gebftren, v4. bear, bring forth. — geboren, p.a. 
bom, native, n^. 

Gebllren, n. childbirth, parturition. 

Gebilrmatter, /. uterus, womb. 

Gebilade, n. building, structure; mine; system. 

Gebein, n. skeleton, bones; pi. remains. 

geben, v.L give; yield; show, express, sell; 
give, abate, relent, prove; (of doth) stretch. 
— 98 giebt, there is, there are; nichts geben, 
to care nothing. 

Geber, m. giver, donor; (Teleg., etc.) transmit- 
ter, sender. 

<ieb«t, n. prayer. — ins Gebet nehmen, question 

gebeten, p.p. Ot bitten. 

gebiert, pr. S sing, of gebftren. 

Gebiet, n. toritory, region, district, depart- 
ment, domain, sphere. 

gebfeCen, vJ. order, command. — v.t. rule. 

gebieCertoeh, a. imperative, imperious. 

GebOde, Gebild, n. stmcture, organization, nya- 
tem; fopi; image; diaper; {GeoL) formation. 

Gebinde, n. bundle; skein, hank; barrd, cask; 
range (of tiles) : truss. 

G«birg, n. (Mining) gangue. 

Geblrge, n. mountains, mountain system, high- 
lands; (Mining) gangue. 

Gebirgsart, /. kind of stone or rock. 

Gebirgsbildang, Gebirgsformation, /. moun- 
tainous formation; rock formation. 

Gebirgskonde, Gebirgslehre, /. orology; geog- 

Gebiss, n. set of teeth; bit. 

gebissen, p.p. of beissen. 

Gebiase, n. blast; bellows, blower, blast appar- 

Geblftselampe, /. blast lamp. 

Gebliisemaschlne, /. blast engine, blower. * 

Gebl&semesser, m. blast meter. 

Gebi&seofen, m. blast furnace. 

Geblliserdhre, /. blast pipe, twyer. 

GeblSsewind, m. blast. 

gebliittert, a. foliated: foliate. 

geblieben, p.p. of bleiben. 

Gebliit, n. blood (entire blood in the body); 
blood, race. 

gebogen, p.p. of biegen. 

geboren, p.p. of gebarenc 

geborgen, p.p. of bergen. 

geborsten, p.p. of bersten. 

Gebot, n. bidding, bid; command, command- 

geboten, p.p. of bieten. 

gebracht, p.p. of bringen. 

gebrannt, p.p. of brennen. 

Gebr&u, n. brewing, brew, gyle. 

Gebrauch, m. use; custom; fashion. 

gebrauchei^, v.t. use, employ, make use of. — 
gebraacht, p.a. used; second-hand; worn-out. 

gebri&achlich, a. usual, customary, ordinary. 

Gebraachsanweisung, /. directions for use. 

gebrauchsf&hig, a. usable, serviceable. 

Gebrauchsgegenstand, m. commodity. 

gebraacht, p.p. of brauchen and gebrauchen. 

Gebrilade, /. ^Gebrftu. 

gebrech, a. brittle, soft. 

gebrechen, v.i. be lacking. 

Gebrechen, n. want, defect, infirmity. 

gebrechlich, a. frail, infirm, crippled. 

gebrochen, p.p. of brechen. 

Gebriider, brothers. 

Gebriill, n. roaring. 

Gebramm, n. humming, murmuring. 

Gebjihr, /. due, duty, charge, fee; decency. 

Gebrnid, Gebilnde, n. bunch, bundle, skein. 

gebunden, p.p. of binden. 

Geburt, /. birth; labor; offspring; descent, 
race; origin. 

gebilrtig, a. native, bom. 

Gebortshilfe, /. obstetrics, midwifery. 

gebartshilflich, a. obstetric. 

Geburtsirande, Geburtalelire, /. obstetrics. 

Geburtsnot, /. labor. 




ia^buHsteg, m. birthday. 

Gebfiseh, n. bushes, thicket. 

Geek, m. dandy, fc^. 

Cedacht, p.p. of denken. 

GcdHchtniSy n. remembrance, memory, me- 

Gedilehtnismiliize, /. commemorative medal. 

Gedanke, m. thought; opinion. 

Gedlirm, n. intestines, entrails. 

Gedeek, n. covering; cover (at table). 

gedeekelt, p.a. See deckdn. 

gedelhen, v.t. thrive, grow; proceed; (of slaking 
lime) swdl. 

gedenken, v.i. think, be mindful. 

Gedenken, n. memory. 

gedeucht, p.p. of dOnken. 

Gedicht, n. poem. 

gediegen, a. (Min.) native; pure, unmixed; 
genuine, superior. 

Gediegenhelt, /. native state; purity; intrinsic 

gedieb, pret. of gedeihen. 

•gediehen, p.p. of gedeihen. 

Gedr&nge, n. thronging, crowd; dUemma. 

gedroschen, p.p. of dreschen. 

gednuigen, p.p. of dringen. 

Geduld,/. patience; endurance. 

gedurft, p.p. of dttrfen. 

geeignet, p.a. See eignen. 

gef., ahbrev. (gefimden) found. 

Gefahr, /. danger; risk. 

gellihrden, v.t. endanger. 

gef&hrlich, a. dangerous. 

Gefahrte, m. companion, associate. 

Gef&ll, Gef&lle, n. fail; gradient; income; taxes. 

gefallen, v.i. please. 

gefallen, p.p. of fallen and gefaUrai. 

Gefallen, n. pleasure; favor. 

gefiUHg, a. pleasing, agreeable, obliging. 

geffUHgst, cub. please, pray. 

gefUlt, p.p. of ffiUen. 

Crefangene, m. & /. prisoner. 

Gefl&ngnis, n. prison; confinement. 

Gefliss, n. vessel, receptacle; bloodvessd; (of 
a sword) hilt. 

Gef&ss-. (Med.) vascular. 

Geftssbarometer, n. dstem barometer. 

Gefassbau, m. vascular structure. 

Gef&sseinmttndung, /. anastomosis. 

GefSsshaut, /. vascular membrane. 

gefSssig, a. vascular. 

Gefftsskunde, /. ceramic art. 

GefHssofen, m. dosed furnace. 

Gefecht, n. fighting, fight. 

Gefleder, n. feathering, plumage. 

Geflecht, n. plaited or woven work, network; 
woven seat (of a chair) ; plexus. 

geflisaentUch, a. wilful, intentional 

geflochten, p.p. of flechten. 

geflogeiit p.p. of fliegen. 

geflohai, p.p. of fHchen. 

gefloflsen, p.p. of f\ wmKm . 

Geflilgel, n. fowls, poultry. 

g^ochten, p.p. of fedxbai. 

Gefoige, II. train, attendants. 

gefrSssig, a. voracious. 

GefHer ap p a rat, m. freedng (or freesiBg-point) 

gefrierbar, a. oongealaUe, freesable. 
gefriefvn* v.i. freese, congeal. 
Gefrierponkt, m. freezing point. 
G^ierponktaemiedrigiuig, /. freezing-point 

Gefriovalz, n. freezing salt, specif., ammonium 

geffpren, p.p. of frieren and gefrieren. 
GefnNrene, n. something frozen, ice cream, ice. 
Gefiige, n. structure; texture; bed, stratum. 
g^iigig, a. pliable, pliant. 
Gefiihl, n. feding; touch, sensation, sensitive- 

g^nnden, p.p. of finden. 

g^Sangen, p.p. of gehen. 

gcgebenenfalls, adv. in an emergency, if neces- 

gegen, prep, toward, against, about, compared 
with, opposite. 

Gegcte*. counter-, contra-, anti-. 

Gegenarznei, /. antidote. 

Gegenbfld, n. counterpart, antitype. 

Gegend, /. region, quarter. 

Gegendmck, m. counter^ressure, back pres- 
sure, resistance. 

G^enfllrbung, /. contrast staining. 

Gegenfilssler, antipodes. 

Gegengewicht, n. counter-wdght, counterpoise. 

Gegengift, n. antidote. 

G^enkraft, /. opposing force, counter-force. 

GegenmittdU n. antidote, remedy. 

Gegenrelzmlttd, n. counter-irritant. 

Gegensatz, m. opposition, oppodte, contrast, 

Gegenschein, n. 'refiection; counteo^low; 
(Aatron.) opposition. 

Gegensdte, /. opposite side; (of a coin) reverse. 

gegenaeitig, a. mutual, redprocal, common; 
(rarely) opposite. 

Gegensonne, /. mock dun, parhdion. 

Gegenstand. ^ ^J^u^et.: matter, subject. 

Gegenstanddr • r" zlass. 

Gegenstraht, .. — .^rrf'ii s/, reflection. 

Gegenstiom,7>2 oi-^ -. r<-.)nt,lnverseearrent. 

Gegenstttck . <o.r.'.', match. 

Gegenteil, ». comr.. '. v . .• isite, converse. 

gegenttber. un'f, x'v. .i^^ainst, onMdte. — 
adv. opp' si'»'. / 

gegenttber •">u. /'.'•. ,-.a, «^. :'odte. 

Gegenwart . > <•. >~ \ce v'^eent. 

gegenwttr^il!» . -."ser.. /dv. at present. 

Gegenwellc. / c«.'.:nt«' >l.;iit. 






gegenwirkend, pM. counteraeting, reacting. — 
gegenwirkendes Mittel, counteracting sub- 
stance, reagent. 

Gegensurirkttng, /. counteraction, reaction. 

gegeasen, p.p. of essen. 

ge^chen, p,^ot g^eichen. 

geglitten* p.p. of gleiten. 

geglommen, p.p. of glimmen. 

Gegner, m. opponent, enemy. 

geg<riten, p.p. of gdten. 

gegoren, p.p. of g&ren. 

gegossen, p.p. of giessen. 

gegriffen, p.p. of greifen. 

gehaben, v.r. behave, fare. 

Gehi^t, m. contents, content; capacity, extent, 
yidd, standard (of coins), strength; salary, 
pay; value. 

Geh&nge, n. slope; hanging, pendant. 

Geh&nse, n. case, box, shell. 

geheftet, p.a. See heften. 

Gebege, n. enclosure, fence. 

geheUm, a. secret, private, hidden. — geheime 
TInte, sympathetic ink, invisible ink. 

Creheimmlttel, n. secret remedy, patent medi- 
cine, nostrum. 

Geheimnis, /. secret, secrecy. 

Geheimrat, m. privy councillor. 

GeheisB, n. command, bidding. 

gehen, v.i. go; walk, travel, pass; fare. — wie 
geht es? how is it? how are you? — es geht 
nm, it is a question of. 

Gehenl, n. howling. 

GeUlfe, nu helper, assistant. 

Gehim, n. brain. — kleinea Gehirn, cerebel- 

Gefaim-. cerebral. 

Gehirafett, n. cerebrin. 

gehoben* p.p. of heben. 

geliolfen, p.p. of helfen. 

Gehdlz, n. wood, copse. 

GehSr, n. hearing; ear. 

GehSr-. auditory, acoustic 

gehordien, v.i. obey. 

geliSreD, vd. bdong.^.r. be becoming^ be 

gehSrig, a. belonging; requisite; due, proper, 

Gehttrielnre, /. acoustics. 

gehoraam, a. obedimt. 

Gehoraam, m., Gehorsamkeit, /. obedience. 

Gelire» Gehmng, /. bevel, miter. 

JGehmte, m. » Gehilf e. 

Geier,.ifi. vulture. 

Gelge, /. violin. 

Gelgenhan, n. rosin, colophony. 

geO, a. luxuriant; rich; proud (flesh); lewd. 

Grins, /. (she) goat; doe. 

Geiflsbiatt, n. hcmeysuckle iZAmieera). 

Gdaabock, m. he-goat. 

, /. flagdlum, dlium; whip, scourge. 

G<|tosftus, m. iBoL) goatsfoot; (Tedi.) any of 

various tools. 
Geiaslersches Rohr. Gdssler tube. 
Geissrante, /. goat's-rue (Galega offidnaUa). 
GeisC, m. spirit; mind; ghost. ■ 
geistig, a. spirituous, alcoholic; (of wine, etc.) 

strong, generous; volatile; spiritual; mental, 
geistlich, a. spiritual; clerical. 
Gelstiiche, m. clergyman, priest. 
Gelz, m. avarice, stinginess. 
gelzen, v.i. be covetous, be stingy. 
gekannt, p.p. of kennen. 
geklommen, p.p. of klimmen and Idemmen. 
geklungen, p.p. of kiingen. 
geknijfen, p.p. of kneifen. 
Geknister, n. decrepitation; crunching* 
gekonnt, p.p. of kOnnen. 
gekoren, p.p. of kUren. 
gekdmt, p.a. See kOmen. 
Gekriltz, n. waste, refuse, dross, slag, 
gekrischen, p.p. of kreischen. 
gekrochen, p.p. of kriechen. 
GekrSs-. mesenteric. 
Gekrttse, n. mesentery; giblets. 
gel., abbrev. (geldst) dissolved. 
Gelkchter, n. laughing, roar of laughter, 
geladen, p.p. of laden. 
Gdiiger, n. depostta, dregs, bottoms. 
GeUUider, n. railing, balustrade. 
gelang, prei. of gelingen. 
gelangen, v.i. arrive. 
Geiass, m. room, space. 
Gelatine, /. gelatin. 

geiaUniwen, gelatlnlsleren, vJ. & i. gelatinize. 
geiatinds, a. gelatinous. 
gelilufig, a. fluent, ready; familiar. 
gelaunt, a. disposed. 
Gdi&at, Gel&ate, n. ringing; chimes. 
geib, a. yeUow. — gelbes Blntkraut, goldenseal 

{Hydrastis canadensis). — gelbes Nutlaugen- 

salz, potassium ferrocyanide. — gelb« Erde, 

yellow ocher. — gelbe QuecksObersalbe, /. 

(Pharm.) ointment of mercuric nitrate. — 

gelbe Riibe, carrot. 
Gelb, n. yellow. 

Gelbbeeren, f.pL Avignon berries. 
Gelbbeixen, n. {Metal.) yellowing. 
Gelbbleierz, n. wulf^iite. . 
gelbbraun, a. yellowish brown. 
gdbbrennen, vJ. {Metal) dip, pickle. 
Gdbe, n. yellow (of an egg), yolk. 
Gelbeiaenerz n., Gelbeisenstein, m. ydlow day 

ironstone; (okriges) yellow ocher; copiapite. 
Gdbeiaenkles, m. pyrite. 
Gelberde, /. yellow ocher. 
Gelbgieaserd, /. brass foundry. 
gdbgrtin, a. yellowish green. 
Gelbheit, /. yellowness. 
Gelbholz, n. fustic. 
Gelbildung, /. gel formation. 


Oebnrtstas, m. birf^^- 
Gebttsch, v ' 

r. ' 



(or freezing-point) 


freeziDg-point ' 
cif ., ammonium 


ce cream» ice. 
^ stratum. 

. sensitive- 

', if neoee- 





* • 

/ ^ 

• / 

. ■ I 


, 1 1 



t . 


\ As 




fenfigen, v.t. be enough, suffice, 
genttcsam, a. easily: pleased, temperate. 
' Genugtanng, /. satiirfaction. 

GennsB, m. enjoyment, pleasure; taking (food 

ordrbik); benefit. 
Gemusmenscli, m. epicure. 
Gennaomittel, n. any substance used to heighten 
the enjoyment of food (induding condiments, 
vines, etc.)* 
gcniisaeiichtig, a. pleasure-seeking. 
GenoflBzweck, m. table purposes, food purposes. 
geologisdi, a. geological. 
Georgine,/. dahlia. 
G^ick, n. bi^ni^^, luggage, 
gepllffeii, p.p. of pfeifen. 
gepflt^en, p.p. of pflegen. 
Geprige, n. impression, stamp, coinage; char- 
gepriesen, p.p. of preisen. 
geiiaolleii, p.p. of qu^en. 
gerade, a. straight; direct; even; upright. — 

ad9, straightly, directly, exactly, plainly. 
Gerade, /. straight line. 
geradem, adv. straight on; inunediately;*' ab- 

geradlinig, a. rectilinear. 
geradaichtfg, a. dhect-vision. 
geradwandig, a. straight-walled, with straight 

Geranhimdiiire, /. geranie add. 
gerannt, p.p. of rennen. 
Gerftt, n., Geriite, apparatus; implements, 

tools; utensils; idant; furniture, chattels. 
GOTiteglas, n. apparatus glass, 
geraten, p.p. of geraten and raten. 
geraten, v.i. come, fall, light, get; turn out* 

proqier. — p.a. proiq)erou8, successful. 
GeritterhaHen, f.pL apparatus, implements. 
geranm, a. amide, long. 
gerimnig, a. roomy, ample, large. 
Gerttaadi, n. noise; murmur, clatter. 
geriinacMoe, a. noisdess. 
Ga-bananig, m. tanning extract. 
Gerbebrtthe* GerbeflttMlgkeit, /. tan liquor, 

tanner's liquor, ooce. 
Gerfoemlttel, n. tanning material, tan. 
gerben, vA. tan; huU (grain); polish (metal); 
tilt (steel). — dImiBch gerben, chamois; weias 
gerben* taw. 
Gerber, m. tanner, currier. 
Gerberci* /. tanning; tannery. 
GerberteUp n. (Leather) d6gras, stuff. 
GerberhoT, m. tan yard. 
Gerberkalk, m. daked lime; gas lime* 
Gerbcmliniifh, m. tanner's sumac (Rkua eotir- 

aria); ink plant (.Coriaria), 
Gerberwolle, /. skin wool. 
GerbeTermdgen, n. tanning power. 
Gerberersoch, m. tanning e]q>eriment or trial. 
GerbeztrmkC* m. ft 9k tanning extract. 

Gerbldm, m. {Paper) size made from gdatin 
and sulfite liquor. .'. 

Gwbmaterlal, n. tanning material. 

gerbeaner, a. of or combined with tannic add, 
tannate of. 

Gerbdliire, /. tanx&ic add. 

Gerbstahl* m. tilted sted, shear sted; polishing 
sted, burnisher. 

Gerbetoir, m. tanning prindple, tanning mat- 
ter, tan; spedf ., tannic add, tannin. 

Gerbstoffaamag, m. tanning extract. 

Gerbstoffbeetlmmnng, /. determination of tan- 
ning matter. 

Gerbnng, /. tanning (or tannage), etc (see 

gerecht, a. right, just, legitimate; fit, skiUed.. 

Ger^e,/. talk, taUdng. 

Gerdbe, n. rubbing. 

ger^diei^ v.t. turn out, redound. 

gereaen, v.t. repent, regret. 

Gericht, n. court; judgment; jtuiadiction; dish. 

gerichtUch, a. judicial, forenisie, legal. 

Gerichtsamt, n. 6ourt, tribunaL 

Goichtsamtmann, m. judge. 

Gerichtsbarkeit, /. jurisdiction. 

Geriehtshof, m. cowrt, tribunal. 

Gerichtsrat, m. judge, counsellor. 

gerieben, p.p. of rdben. 

geilng, a. small, slight; deficient, limited, .infe* 
rior, low, base. 

geringer, a. inferior, less. 

geringffigig, a. petty, trifling. 

geringhaltig, a. bdow standard; worthless. 

geringscbi&tsig, a. depreciatory, disrespectful. 

geringste, a. least, slightest. 

gerlnnbar, a. ooagulable. 

Gerinne, n. running, flowing, diannd; gutter. 

gerinnen, v.i. coiMpilate, curd. 

Gerinnael, n. eoagulum, curds. 

Gerfamang, /. coagulation; eoagulum. 

Gerinnnngwrnaeee, /. eoagulum. 

Gerippe* ti. skdeton. 

gerlppt, p.a. See rippen. 

geriaeen, p.p. of rdsqen. . 

geritten, p.p. of rdten,; 

Ge rmaninmfh iorw u sB r i rB loffdiiire, /. fluoger- 
manicadd. . 

Germaniumozyd, n. germanium oxide, specif., 
germanic oxide. 

Germaniiimoxydal, n. germanous oxide. 

Germaniwnndiiire, /. germanic add. 

Germaninmiwdfld, n. germanium sulfide, specif., 
germanic sulfide. 

Germaninmaulfitr, n. germanous sulfide. 

Germaniomwaaserstoir, m.- germanium hydride. 

Germer, m. white hdlebore (Veratrum). 

gem, geme, odD. gladly, with pleasure. — ich 
mdchte gem, I should like. 

gorochen, p.p. of riechen. 

geronnen, p4». of rinnen and gerinnen. 




Gerate, /. barley. ^^ 

Geratengranpeii, f,p (%cKA barley. 

Gerstenkom, n. barleyeom. 

Crerstenmidz, n. barley malt. 

Gerstenaclileini, m. barley water. 

Garstensnckery m. barley sugar. 

Gerte» /. whip, switch. 

Gemdi, m, smell, odor, scent, savor. 

gemdilM, a. od^lesersa v ui Imb, ui mWe to smelL 

Gerttcht, n. report, rumor. 

Gertimpel, n. lumber, trash. 

gemnfen, p.p. of ringen. 

Gerlist, n. frame, framework; scaflFold; crat^. 

gea., cAbreo, ^esftttigt) saturated; (gesetzlich) 

by law. 
Ges.^ ahbrev. (GeseUschaft) society, company, 
gesamt, a. total, entire, whole. 
Gesantth&rte, /. total hardness. 
GesamddsUchee, n. total soluble matter. 
Gesamtmenge, /. total quantity. 
Geaamtrflckstand, m. total residue. 
GesamtsHare, /. total acid. 
Gesamtschw^el, m. total sulfur. 
Gesamtsttckstoir, m. total nitrogen. 
Gesamtierhalten, n. general behavior. 
Gesamtrdiam, n. totid volume. 
Gesamtwert, m, total value, 
gesandt, p.p. of senden. 
Gesandte, m. messenger; ambassador. 
Geaang, m. singing; song; canto. 
Gesttfls, n. seat; floor. 
gesfttUgt, p.p. of 8l[ttigen. 
Ges^absel, n. scrapings. 
Gesdiaft, n. business; affair; trade; house; 

gescliJIfttg, a. busy; fussy. 
geschlllUich, a. business; business-like; profe»- 

geschah, preL of gesdiehen. 
geachehen, v.t. happen, occur, be done, 
gesch^t, a. semdble, clever. 
Geschenk, n. present, gift. 
Geschichte, /. history; tale; thing. 
geachichtllch, a. historicaL 
Geschick, n. skill; order; fate, destiny. 
Geaehickllchkeit, /. skflL devemess. art. 
Geschlebe, n. rubble, boulder, detritus: shoving. 
gescbieden, p.p. of scheiden. 
geschieht, pr. 8 nng. of geschehen.. 
geachienen, p.p. of scheinen. 
Geschirr, n. vessel; vessels, ware; utensils, 

tools, apparatus, gear; plant, mill; (Leather) 

Geschlecht, n. sex; genus; kind» race, family, 

stock, generation; gender. 
gescUechtlich, a. s^mal; generic. 
Gesehlechtsart, /. generic diaraeter, genus. 
GeseUechtsdrttse, /. genital gland (ovary, 

Geacblechtapflaiize, /. phanerogam. 

g^-,r..' .vn« r J •' 
g«- .U-*i>. • 

gc i^h; Li,**, .^ 
gt itnlis*. t», ' I 

gtv • I f'- r. 
gt^i .* < - 


ge ■ 


get f^itu.'^'-i ■ 
gei Jifr<.' • 
gefichiu^te ■ 
ges 8ot» -nu , 
ges »;•. a- , 
Get ' ■■ :; , /'. 

. 1 puberty. 
■« , pM. aphrodidac 
r i i schleichen. 
L- schleifen. 

'' schleissen. 
• ' schliefen. 
. : schliessen. 
^> u ( f schlingen. 
. .,:« »; flavor; liking. 
- . ■ . steless; insipid. 
I - .able, flexible, supple; (of 
. . A jle, malleable; versatile. 

'f schmeissen. 
' ' ! schmelz«^ 
. . )chneiden. 
> •. - :helten. 

:• -3. 

• ii '< leren. 
Ges --i r n re ^ - -Je, missile; 'story, floor. 
ges4 ..-.mOi, p.p. of schieseen. 
geschosstreibend, p.a. ballistic. 
Geschrdi, n. cry, outcry; rimior; disrepute. 
geschrieben, p.p. of schrdben. 
geschrieen, p.p. of schreien. 
geschrftten, p.p. of schrdten. 
geachroben, p.p. of schrauben. 
ge^diunden, p.p. of schinden. 
Geschlitz, n. gun, cannon; ordnance, artillery. 
Geschiitzrohr, n. cannon bore; gun barrd; 

gun, cannon. 
Geschwader, n. squadron. 
Geschwtttz, n. talk, gosdp. 
geachweigen, vJ, not to mention. 
geachwiegen, p.p. of schwdgenandgeschweigen. 
geachwind, a. fast, quick, immediate. 
Geachwindlgkeit, /. vdodty, speed; quickness, 

Geschwindigkdtameaser, m. speed indicator. 
Geschwiater, pi. brother (s) and sister(s). 
GeschwisterUnd, n. first cousin. 
geschwoUen, p.p. of schwdlen. 
geschwommen, p.p. of schwimmen. 
geschworen, p.p. of schwftren and schwOren. 
Geachworene, m. juryman. 
Geschwolst, /. swdling; tumor. 
geachwonden, p.p. of schwinden. 
geachwongen, p.p. of schwingen. 
Geachwtir, n. ulcer, abscess. 
Gesell, Geseile, m. mate, comrade; joum^man. 
gesellen, vd. & r. join. 
geseiUg, a. social, sodable. 
GeaeUachaflt, /. sodety; company, partnerahip; 

dub; community; party. 
geaeasen, p.p. of dtxen. 
Gesetz, n. law; rule; precept. 
Geaetaentwnrf, m. (legidative) bill. 
gesetzgebend, p.a. legidative. 
geaetxileh, a. lawful, legal. — adv. lawfully, 

legally. — geaetzUch geachUtzt, patented. 





gesetzmftssig, a. conformable to (natural) law, 
^ regular; lawful. 
^ Gesetzmkssigkelt, /. conformity to law, regu- 
larity; lawfulness. 
gesct^y p.a. See setzen. 
GesetzVorachlag, m. bill; motion. 
ges. ges^, abbrev. (gesetzlich gecchUtzt) pro- 
tected by law, patented. 
Gesieht^n. eighty face, countenance, look; vision, 
Gesichts-. visual^ facial. 
Gesichtsaciifle, /. visual tads. 
Gesichtsfeld, n. field oi vision, field of view. 
Grefidchtslinie, /. visual line; facial line. 
Gesfchtspmikt, m. visual point, point of sight; 
^ Geaichtsstrahl, m, visual ray. 

Geaiehtswinkel, m. visual angle, optic angle; 

facial ailgle. 
Gesims, n. molding, cornice; shelf. 
Geainde, n. servants. 
Gerimuuig, /. mind, disposition, opinion. 
gesinniuigslos, a. characterless, unprincipled. 
f gesittet, a. mannered, bred; polite; dviiized; 
gesofTen, p.p. of saufen. 
gesogen, p.p. of saugen. 
gesonnen, p.p. of sinnen. 
gesotten, p.p. of sieden. 
Gespenst* n. specter, ghost, 
gespieen, p.p. of speien. 
Gefi^eley m. playmate. 
Gespinst, n. spun yam, ppun goods, (textile) 

gespUssen, p.p. of spleissea. 
gesponnen, p.p. of spinnen. 
Gesprttch, n. talk, conversation, 
gesprocbeiw p.p. of sprechen. 
gesprofiaen, p.p. of sprieasen. 
gespmngen, p.p. of springen. 
Gestade, n. shore, coast. 
Gestalt,/. form; shape, figure; aspect; manner. 
gestalten, v.t. form, shape. 
gestaltlos, a. amorphous, formless. 
Gestaltung, /. configuration, formation, form, 

state. \ 

gestanden, p.p. of stehen and gestehen. 
GestHndniiB, n. confession, acknowledgment. 
i Gestiliige, n. poles or rods (collectively). 
Geirtank, m. stench, evil smell, 
gestatfen, v.t. permit, consent to. 
Geste,/. gesture. 
gestehen, At. coagulate, congeal, dot. — vJ. 

confess, admit. 
Gestein, n. rock; stone. 

Geatoinkiinde,/. petrology; mineralogy; geog- 
Geflteiiiflrest, m. (Peram.) rock residues. 
Gestdi* It. frame, stand, support; sca£Fold. 
geatern, adv. yesterday, 
gesttegen, p.p. of steigen. 

Gestim, n. star; oonsteUatimf. 

gestirnt, a. starred, starT^iinrowed. 

gestoben, p.p. of stieben. 

Gesttfber, n. shower; snowstorm; dust storm. 

gestochen, p.p. of stechen. 

gestohlen, p.p. of stehlen. 

gestorben, p.p. of sterben. 

Gestrilach, n. bushes, shrubbery. 

gestrichen, p.p. of streichen. 

gestrig, a. of yesterday. 

gestritten, p.p. of streiten. 

Gestropp, n. thicket, underbrush. 

Gestttbbe, Gestiibe, m. {Metal.) braaque. 

gestnnken, p.p. of stinken. 

Gesuch, n. request, demand; want ad. 

Geauchtheit, /. affectation. 

gesond, a. sound, healthy, wholesome. 

Gesundbnmnen, m. mineral spring; spa. 

gesunden, v.i. recover. 

Gesondhelt, /. health, soundness, salubrity. 

gesnndheitlich, a. sanitary, hygienic. 

Gesondheitsamt, n. board of health. 

Gesnndheitswesen, n. sanitary affairs. 

gesnngen, p.p. of sing^i. 

gesonken, p.p. of sinken. 

Getftfei, n. wainscoting; inlaying. 

getan, p.p. of tim. 

gethan, p.p. of thun. See tun. 

GetrftnJc, n. beverage, drink, liquor. 

getrauen, v.t. dare, venture. 

Gefreide, n. grain; cereals; crops. 

Getr^deart, /. kind of grain; (pi.) cereals. 

Getreidebranntwein, m. whisky from grain. 

Getreidekom, n. grain. - 

Getreideprttfer, m. grain tester. 

Getr^dest^n, m. « Bierstein. • 

getren, a. faithful, true. 

Getriebe, n. driving, working, driving gear. 

getrieben, p.p. of tveiben. 

getrolTen, p.p. of treffen and triefen. 

getrogen, p.p. of trQgen. 

getfost, a. confident, courageous. 

getrunken, p.p. of trinken. 

Getummel, n. bustle, tumult. 

Gevierty Gevierte, n. square. 

gew., abbrev. (gewdhnlich) ordinary, common. 

Gew., abbrev. (Gewicht) weight, gravity. 

Gewttchs, n. plant; growth; growing; vmti^e. 

gewachsen, p.a. See wachsen. 

Gewftchshans, n. greenhouse, conservatory. 

Gewttch^nnde, Gewttchdehre, /. botany. 

Gewiichsreich, n. vegetable kingdom. 

gewahr, a. aware. 

Gewtthr, /. surety, security. 

gewahren, v.t. perceive. 

gewilhren, v.t. give, furnish, grant. 

Gewahrsam, tn. custody, prison. 

Gewalt, /. power, force, violence. 

gewaltig, a. powerful, fordble; huge, vast. 

gewaltsam, a. violent. 


1 1 ^ 



Gewand* n. gairmen^, dothlng. 

gewandt, p.p. 61 we|plen. 

gewanii, preL of gewinnen. 

gewilrtig, a. expectant. 

Gewil8ch» n. twaddle, nonsense. 

Gewilsser, n. waters; (p2.) streams, running 

Gewebe, n. tissue; texture; textile fabric; web. 

Gewebedraht, m. gau2se wire. 

Gewebefarbstoff, m. histohematin. 

Gewebelehre, Gewebslehre, /. histology. 

Gewehr, n. arms, gun, rifle. 

Gewehrpulver, n. rifle powder. 

Geweih, n. horns, antlers. 

gewellt, a. wavy, undulated, corrugated. 

Gewerb, Gewerbe, n. trade, occupation; indus- 

Gewerbeausstellimg, /. industrial exposition. 

Gewerbeaalz, it. common salt fit only for in- 
dustrial use. 

Gewerbeschnle, /. technical school, industrial 

Gewerbkunde, /. technology. 

gewerbkundlich, a. technological. 

gewerblich, gewerbt&tig, a. industrial. 

Gewerk, n. trade; factory; work. 

gewesen, p.p. of sein. ^^^ "' 

gewichen, p.p. of weichen. 

Gewicht, n. weight; gravity. 

gewichtig, a. heavy; weighty. 

Gewichtaabgang, m. deficiency in weight; loss 
of weight. 

Gewichtsabnahme, /. decrease in weight. 

Gewichtsanalyse, /. gravimetric analysis. 

geMichtsanalytisch, a. gravimetric. 

Gewichtsbestimmung, /. determination of 

Gewichtseinheit, /. xmit of weight. 

Gewichtsmenge, /. amoimt by weight, weight. 

Gewichtsprozent, n. per cent by weight. 

Gewichtssatz, m. set of weights. 

Gewichtsstttck, n. weight. 

Gewichtsteil, m. part by weight. 

Gewichtsverhaltnis, n. proportion by weight. 

Gewichtsverlust, m. loss in weight. 

GewU^tszunahme, /. increase in weight. 

Gewiehtszusammenaetzung, /. composition by 

gewiesen, p.p. of Weiaen. 

gewillt, a. willing, inclined. 

Gewlnde, n. winding, coil; skein; thread (of a 

Gewinn, m. yield; winning, gain, profit. 

gewinnbar, a. obtainable. 

gewinnen, vA. obtain, get; extract, produce 
(metals, etc.); win, gain, acquire. 

Gewinnung,/. obtaining, etc. (see gewinnen); 

gewiss, a. sure, certain, fixed.— adv. certainly, 

idv. in a certain degree, as 

nty; proof. 


' . and wiegen. 

' u>m, habituate; 

it • 

G '. • ■■ ■■' • 


gem. !>•- •■! 

gewi . * 

gewot >-•. .A< '' u>m, habituate; domesti- 


Gewohi ' .*, /. custom, usage, habit, fashion. 

gewShnlich, a. usual, customary; conunon, 
ordinary; trivial. 

Gewfihnung,/. habituation, etc. (see gewdhnen). 

Gewttlbe, n. vault, arch; crown (of a furnace); 
store, storehouse. 

gewonne, pret. subj. of gewinnen. 

gewonnen, p.p. of gewinnen. 

geworben, p.p. of werben. 

geworden, p.p. of werden. 

geworfen, p.p. of werfen. 

Gewtthl, n. crowd; turmoil. 

gewnnden, p.p. of winden. 

Gewlirm, n. wormjs, creeping things, vermin. 

Gewiirz, n. spice, spices, aromatics. 

gewiirzartig, a. spicy, aromatic. 

Gewttrzessig, m. aromatic vinegar. 

gewttrzhaft, a. spicy, aromatic. 

Gewtlrzhandel, m. spice trade, grocers' trade. 

Gewiirznelke, /. dove. 

Gewiirzpolver, n. {Pharm.) aromatic powder. 

gewjirzt, p.a. See wilrzen. 

Gewiirzwaren, spices, groceries. 

Gewiirzwein, m. spiced wine. 

gewusst, p.p. of wissen. 

Gezelt, n. pavilion, tent; sensorium. 

Gezeug, n. utensils, tools, implements. 

gezlehen, p.p. of zeihen. » 

geziemen, v.i. & r. become, befit. 

gezogen, p.p. of ziehen. 

gezweiteilt, p.a. bipartite. 

gezwungen, p.p. of zwingen. 

Ggw., abbrev. (C^egenwart) presence. 

Gicht, /. top, mouth, throat (of a furnace or 






glC' J. ••li^' 

glcl 'h^^l. 

Gicl;. i^. 

Gichti >r 

Gichtu ' 

gichtwi- • 

Giebel, ./ . tr 

Gier, /. E\ ' 


giessen, v.v 

Giesser, m 
smelter; ooir- 
water jug - . •< 


(for a furnace); {Med.) 

' he top of a blast furnace, 

> n xlodendron. 
' a furnace), 

■ ' I'd, mold. 

\ molder; mdter, 
v(.-. for pouring, as a 




GlesBerei, /. foundry, casting house; foundinc^, 

casting. ' 

^ giesaflUiig, a. capable of being poured or cast. 

Glessform, /. (casting) mold. 

Gieasdiaiis, n., Giesshlitte, /. foundry, casting 

Giesskanne, /. sprinlding can. 

Giesskunst, /. founding. 

Giessmatter, /• matrix, mold. 

CAeeaoieat m, founding, furnace. 

Giesasand, m. molding sand. 

Giesstopf, m. a pot or jar with a lip, for pouring. 

Gilt, n. poison; venom, virus; malice. 

giflabtr^bend, p.a. antitoxic, antidotal. 

Giflarznei, /. antidote. 

giftfest, a. immune to poison. 

I^tfrei, a. free from poison, non-poisonous. 

Gif thtttte, /. arsenic works. 

glfUg, a. poisonous; virulent; malicious. 

GiUJasmin; m, Carolina jasmine {Gelsemium 

Giftkies, m. arsenopyrite. 

GifUninde, Giftlehre, /. toxicology. 

GifUattichsaft, m. (Pharm.) lactucarium. 

giftlos, a. non-poisonous. 

Gilbaehl, n. crude powdered arsenic trioxide. 

Giflmittci, n. antidote. 

Gif tpolver, n. = Gif tmehl. 

Giftstefai, m. white arsenic. 

Giftetoir, m. poisonous matter, poison. 

Giftwende, /. swaUowwort {Cynanchum vinee* 

giftwidrig, a. antitoxic. 

Giltwirkung, /. poisonous action or effect. 

Glltwunsd, /. contrayerva; —Giftwende. 

Gilbe, /. yellow or yellowish color; yellow sub- 
stance; yellow ocher; dyer's weed (Reseda 

gilben, v.i. turn yellow, yellow. 

GilbwunEei, /. turmeric. 

Gilde, /. guild, company. 

got, pr. S sing, of gelten. 

giltig, a. =gOltig. 

Gimpd, -m. bullfinch; dunce. 

ging, prel, of gehen. 

Ginster, m. {Bat.) broom {Genista), 

Gi|ifel, m. top, summit; climax. 
^ Gips, m. gypsum; plaster of Paris. 

Gipsabdruck, Gipeabguss, m. plaster cast. 

Gipsarbeiter, m. plasterer. 

gipsartig, a. gypseous. 

Gipsbrei, m. paste of plaster (Paris). 

Gipabrennerei, /. calcination of gypsum; 
plaster kiln. 

gipeen, vJ, plastor. 

Gipser, m. plasterer. 

Gipserde, /., Gipsgulir, m. earthy gypsum. 

Gipeguas, m. plaster casting, plaster cast. 

gipshaltig, o. gypsiferous. 

Gipskalk, m, plaster lime. 

GipaneU, n. powdered gypsum; powdered 

Gipmnergel, m, gypseous marl. 

Gipsmortel, m. plaster, stucco. 

Gipsofen, m, plaster kiln. 

Gipsspat, m, sparry gypsum, sdenite. 

Gipsstein, m, gypseous stone, plaster stone; 
hard deposit of calcium sulfate. 

Gipsteer, m. mixture of plaster Paris and tar. 

gischen, v.i, foam, froth; ferment. 

Gitter, n. grating, lattice, Gatticed) screen. 

gitterartig, gitterf dnnig, a. lattice-like, latticed, 

Gitterfarbe, /. grating color. 

^aderen, v4, gloss, glaze; freeze. 

gland^'n, vA, calender. 

Glanz, m. luster; glitter, polish, gloss; glance 
(in names of minerals) ; brightness, brilliancy; 
(of diamonds, etc.) water. 

Glanz-. shiny, glossy, polished, glazed, glazing. 

Glanzblende, /. alabandite. 

Glanzbrannstein, m. hausmannite. 

Glanze, /. polishing material; glaze, size. 

Glanzeffekt, m, gloss, luster, 

Glanzeisenerz, n., Glanzeisenst^n, m., specu- 
lar iron ore (hematite). 

gl&nzen, v,i. shine, glisten, glitter. — v.t. gloss, 
glaze, polish, luster. — glfinzend, p.a. shinirt/^, 
lustrous, glossy, polished, glittering. j'' 

Glanzerz, n. argentite. y-^"""''^ 

glanzfein, a. brilliant. ^^ 

Glanzfirids, m. glazing varnish. 

Glan^old, n. iPeram^ brilliant gold. 

Glanzkarton, m. glazed (paste) board. 

Glanzkobalt, m. glance cobalt, cobaltite; smal- 

Glanzkohle, /. anthracite; carbon with metallic 

Gkuudeder, n. [^patent] leather, enameled 

Glanzleinwand, /. glazed linen. 

glanzlos, a. lusterless, dull, dim. 

Glanzmanganerz, n. (ilftn.) manganite. 

Glanzmessing, n. polished bra^ 

Glanzmetall, n. speculum metal. 

Glanzpapier, «. glazed paper. *. - 

Glanzmas, m. a4ustrous form of soot. 

glanzschleifen, %.U polish, bumi^. 

Glanzsilbra-, n. silver glance, Argentite. 

Glanzstarke, /. gloss starch. 

Glanzstoff, m. artificial rilk (trade ^name for a 
kind made by the cuprammonium process). 

Glanzweiss, n. talc 

Glas, n. glass. 

Glasabfall, m. cullet. 

Glasachat, m. obsidian. * 

glas&hniich, glasartig, a, glasslike, glassy, vitre- 

Glasbildung, /. formation of glass, vitrification. 

Glasbirne, /. i^ass bulb or globe. 




Glaabbwe, /« bubble in sUss. 

Glaablaseii* n. slaasblowing. 

daaUMoer, m. glaasblower. 

Caaablftaerei* /. ^asBblowing. 

GlaabliMrtthre, /• blowpipe, blow tube (for 

Glaebremieiit n. annealing of g^aaa. 
GUaehen, n. little i^an, email glaas vesael or tube. 
CMaaelektricitilt,/. vitreoua (padtive) electricity. 
Glaaer, m. glacier. 

gllBMnj 0. i^aai, of i^mm; f^aaay, vitreous. 
Glaaerz* «. argenttne. 
Glaafabrilr, /. ^aaaworks, glaas factory. 
Glaafiideii» m. g^aas thread; threadlike defect 

Glaafenchtigkdt, /. vitreous humor. 
Glaaflaache, /. i^aas bottle, i^aas ilaak. 
Glasfluas, m. glaas flux; paste (for imitation of 

Glaaflflssigkeit, /. vitreous humor. 
Glasgalle» /. g^ass gall, sandiver. 
Glaagerttte* lupU glaas apparatus. 
Glaage^iiui^ n. spun g^ass, g^aas doth. 
Glaaglana, m. vitreoua luster; pounded glass, 

^buitfiUuEend, pux. of vitrteus luster, glassy. 
Glaaglocke, /. ^ass bdl, bell glass, bell jar. 
^taagrtkn, a. bottle-green. 
C^iashafen, m. g^ass pot. 
G.^8llahIl, m. g^ass cock, 
^aahai I ' ^ hard as glass, brittle.. 
Glaahilrte, /. glass hardness (highest temper of 

steel); chilling (of sted). 
Glashfirten, n. tempering of glass. 
gjaahell, a. dear as glass. 
Glashtttte, /. glass factory, glaas house. 
I^a^ht, a. -" glaaig. 
tfaaleren, v.L glaze; varnish. 
^aalg, a. glassy, vitreous. 
Glaakalk, m. i^aas galL 
OaaUtt, m. ^aas oem«it; putty. 
Glaakolbeii, m. glass flask. 
GlaskiHpf, m. (roter, ^entUcher) hematite (fi> 

broua or renif orm) ; (bramier, gelber) limon- 

ite; (adiwarzor) pedlomdane; a kind of brick. 
GlaaUtaver, m, vitreous humor. , 
Giaakraut, n. wall r rnitptli y iiri'rf rrrfn offiei- 

nalia); f^9MKWQ^^^0iSReornia hebaeea). 
Glaalava, /• VtSSinle glass, specif., obsidian; 

Giaamachenatfis, /• g^aaKnaker's soap (man- 
ganese dioxide.) 
^Haamalerei, /. glass staining; glaas painting. 
Glaamals, n. brittle malt. 
GiaVDpal, nt. hyalite. 
GUmpech, n. hard pitch, stone pitch. 
C^t^fQTuXUn^ n. vitreous porcdain. 
0itut^^we9^ m, hyaline quartz, transparent 

4sSSSSt^ lft~ Glaartthre,/. glass tube. 

Glaaials, n. glaas galL 

Glaaaats, m. glass composition, batdi. , 

Glanarhanm, m. ^aas gall, sandiver. ^ 

Glaaaeheibe, /. pane of g^aas. > 

Giaaadierben, /.pi. cullet. ^ 

Glaaachlacke, /. g^ass gaU. 

Glaaachmdz, m. enamd. 

Glaaachndder, m. g^ass cutter. 

GlaaachSrl, m. azinite. , 

Glaaselfe, /. glass soap (manganese dioxide). 

Glaastab, m. g^ass rod. 

Giaaatdn, m. axinite; paste (for imitating gema). 

Glaaatopfen, n. glass stopper. 

Glaadegel, m. glass crudble, glass pot. 

Glaatrltaie, /. ^ass tear. Prince Rupert's drop. 

Glastrichter, m. g^ass f unnd. 

Giaaor, /. g^aze, g^azmg; varnish; frosting, 
icing; enamd; g^oss (of leather). 

Giaaorblao, n. zaffer. 

Glaaorerz, n. alquifou. 

Glaswaren, /.pi. glassware. 

Glaawolle, /. g^ass wool, spun glass. 

giatt, a. eonooth; plain, flat; glossy, polished, 
^azed. — glatte Wurfmine, projector drum. 

Giattbrand, m. {Ceram.) g^lost bum, glaze bum. 

glattbremien, vX, subject to the glost bum. 

Glattbrennen, n. iPeram.) firing on the g^laze. 

Glattbrennofen, m. (jCeram.) glaze kiln. 

GlftttOr/. smoothness, polish; litharge. 

gl&tten, vJL smooth; polish, burnish, plane, plan- 
ish; ^aze(paper, gxmpowder); calender (doth). 

GlattfUrbo'el, /. plain dyeing. 

GULttfrischen, n. reduction of litharge. 

Glattofen, m. QCeram.) glost kiln, finishing kiln. 

Glattachorbe, /. potsherd. 

Glattwaaser, n. {Brewing) last run (rf worti 

Glatze, /. bddness; baldhead. 

Glaube, m. bdief, faith, credit. 

glanben, v.t, believe; think. 

Glanberaalz, n. Glauber's salt (sodium sulfate). 

Gl&ubige, m. & /. beUever. 

Gl&nbiger, m. creditor. 

Glancherz, n. poor ore. 

glaaieren, vA, glaze. 

gleich, a. equal, like, alike, b.x.u adv, 

equally, like; directly. 

gleichartig, a. of the same kind, he 

gldchbedevtend, pM, equivalent, :-,<>. 

gleichblelbeira, )».a. constant. 

gleichdentig, a. synonjrmous, equi . r 

^dehen, o.t. be equal; be like. — n .- 
or alike, equalize, smooth, leve i^ i 

iJelchfaila, adv. likewise, also. 

gldchfarblg, a. of the same color, < 

^dchfSrmig, a. uniform, even, n ''V '-^ 

l^dchgeetaltet, p.a. isomorphous.' 

Gldchgewicht, n. equilibrium; bi- >.::.. 

Gleichgewicht^hre, /. statics. 

GldchgewicfataaUlning,/. displace ciw .• 




( Gleichgewichtszustand, m. state oar condition 

of eqiiilibrium/ 
^eicligross, a. equal. 
gleichgilltig, a, indifferent. 
Gleichgttlti£kelt, /.indifference. 
Gleichh^t, /. equality; sameness; likeness. 
gleichionig, a. of like ion (or ions), having a 

common ion. 
I^eichlanfend, p.a. parallel. 
gieichmBsslg, a. proportionate, symmetrical, 

uniform, ' similar. 
Glelchmut, m. equanimity. 
^eichnamig, a. of the same name or kind, like. 
Gleichnis, n. simile: parable. 
Gleiclirichter, m. {Elec.) rectifier. 
gleichsam, adv. so to say; almost. 
gleicbschenkeUg, a. isosceles. 
gleichseitig, a. equilateral; (of fabrics) double- 
Glelelistrom, m. (Elee.) continuous current, 

direct current. 
gleichteilig, a. homogeneous. 
Gleichong, /. equation; equalization. 
gleichvarhaltend, pM. of similar prop«i;ies or 

gleichvid, adv. just as much, equally, all the 

glrichweif, a. of uniform width; equidistant. 
glelchwertfg, a. equivalent. 
Gldehwertigk«it, /. equivalence, equivalency. 
gleichwlnklig, 0. equiangular. 
gleichwoU, eoi^. yet, however, 
gleiclizeitig, a. simultaneous, eontemporary, 

synchronous, isoehronous. 
Gleis, n. track. 

Glettbaiin, /. slide, #le way, shoot, 
glelten, v.i. glide, dm. dip. \ 

Gleitflildie, /. gliding plane. \ 

Gletscfaer, Yn. glacier. ^ 

l^ch, pret. of s^chen. • 
GUed, n. member; {Math,) term; limb, jomt; 

link (of a chain); degree. 
-gUedorig, a. -membered; -limbed. 
GUedemng, /. organization; jointing. 
Gliedwasser, n. synovial fluid. 
giimmen^v.t. glimmer, s^ow feebly. 
Glimm^ m. mica. 
glimmerhaltig, a. micaceous. 
Gilmmerplatte, /. mica plate. 
GUmmersand, m. micaceous sand. 
GUmmorsdilefer, m. micaceous schist, mica 

Glimmerton, m. micaceous day. 
gUmpflldi, a. moderate, gentle. 
glitt, pret. of G^eiten. 
^tieem, v.i. listen, glitter. 
Giackcheii, n. little beU or bell jar. 
Glocke, /. bdl; bell jar, bell glass; (of an air 

pump) reoriver. 
GlodMnen, n. bdlmetaL 

glockenform, i^lpckenfSrmig, a. bell-^haped. 
Glocken^esser, m. bell founder. 
Glockengut, Glockenmetall, n. bell metal. 
Glockentrichter, m. bell funnel (as on a thistle 

Glockenverfahren, n. bell process, bell method. 
GiSdcner, tn. bdl ringer, sexton. 
I^omm, pret. of glimmen. 
glotzen, v.i. stare. 
Glovertnrm, m. Glover tower. 
Gladnwde, /. gludna (beryllia). 
Gliick, n. happiness, good luck, fortune, success. 
glacken, v.i. duck; gurgle. 
i^iicken, v.i. succeed, prosp^. 
glucklicli, a. fortunate, lucky, happy. 
GIttliasche, /. glowing ashes, embers. 
Gltthbime, /. incandescent bulb. 
Gltthe, /. glowing, glow; {Iron) efaafery. 
Gliiheisen, n. glowing iron, red-hot iron. 
gilihen, v.i. glow. — v.L cause to glorw/ glow, ig-* 

nite; calcine; anneal; muU (wine).~jltihend, 

p.a. glowing, inc«;idescent. 
Gltthfaden, m. incandescent filament. 
Gltthfarbe, /. glowiQg-red color. 
Gltthhitze, /. glowing heat. 
Gliihktfrper, m. incandescent body; spedf ., in^ 

candescent mantle. 
Gltthlampe, /. incandescent lamp. 
Gliihlicht, n. incandescent light. 
GItthlichtbrenner, m. incandescent burner* > 
GltihUchtkOrper, Gliihlichtstrumpf, m, in<wades^ 

cent mantle. 
Gltthofen, m. glowing furnace, annealing fur- 
nace; (Ceram.) hardening-on kiln; 
Glttta(UMBnd, m. residue on ignition. 
GUfewiA m. refractory sand. 
Glilhsciialchen, n. ignition capsule. 
GliUiaciiale, /. cupd. 
Gltthschiffchen, n. combustion boat. 
GlJihspan, m. iron scale. 
Gltthi^nunpf, m. incandescent mantle. 
Gitthung, /. glowing, etc. (see gltthen). 
GItthveriust, m. IcMaoa ignition. 
Giflhwachs, n. tililwlfi wax. 
GlnkoncAure, /. g(fliemi&add. 
Glukodd, n. i^ueoside. 
Glolcoflarie, /. s^ucosuria, glycosuria. 
Glut, /. glow, incandescence; {Ceram.) glow 

heat; (fig.) fire. 
GIutaminiBtture, /. glutamic add. 
Glutars&are, /. ^utaric add. 
Giutasche, /. embers. 
glatinds, a. glutinous. 
Glntmesser, m. pyrometer. 
glutrot, a. glowing red. 
Glycerinsilare, /. glyceric add. 
Glydn, n. ^ydne; gludna (beryllia). 
Glydom, n. beryllium, gludnum. 
Glycosid, n. gluoodde. 
Glylcocholrtiire, /• glyoocholic add. 




Glykotsftnre, /. glycolic acid. 

Glykobdiwrfdsiliire, /. glycoUnilf uric add. 

Glykohiralliire, /. ^ycoluric add. 

^kcdytisch, a. glycolytic 

Glykose, /. glucose. 

CSykoeid, n. glucodde. 

Glykosorie, /. glucosuria, glycosuria. 

Glykoroiiflaiirey /. glucuronic add. 

GlyozaliAare, /. s^yoxalic add. 

GlyoxyUiliire, /. s^yozyUc (s^yoxalic) add. 

Glyxerin, n. ^ycerol, glycerin. 

Gaii.b.H., akbret, (Gesellschaft mit beschrftnk- 

ter Haftpflicht) limited company. 
Gnade, /. grace, mercy, pardon, favor. 
Gnadenkraut, n. hedge hyssop (GrcUtoki). 
Gnadenstofls, m. finishing blow. 
gnftdlg, p. gradous, merdf ul, favorable. 
Gneis, m. gneiss; seborrhea. 
Gndst, m. i,LedO%er) scud, scuri. 
Goapnlver, n. Goa powder. 
goldartig, a. goldlike, golden. 
G<ddberyll, m. chrysoberyl. 
Goldblatt, n. gold leaf, gold foil. . 
Goldehlorid, n. gold chloride, specif., auric 

Goldehlorur, n. aurous chloride. 
Goldchlorwasserstoff, m., Goldchlorwasser- 

stoffsaore, /. chlorauric add. 
Goldcyaniir, n. aiwous cyanide. 
Golderde, /. auriferous earth. 
Golderz, n. gold ore. 

Goldgewicht, n. gold weight; troy weight. 
Goldgmtte, /. (a kind of) litharge. 
Goldglimmer, m. yellow mica, 
goldhaltig, a. auriferous. 
<3foldhydroxyd, n. gold hydrozide,'^specif., auric 

Gol^jodid, n. gold iodide, spedf., auric iodide. 
Goldjodiir, n. aurous iodide. 
Goldkafer, m. gold beetle. 
Goldkaiinmbromttr, n. potassium aurobromide. 
Goldkaliomcyaniir, n. potassium aurocyanide. 
Goldkies, m. auriferous pyrites; auriferous 

sand or gravd. 
Goldklee, nt. yellow trefoiL 
GiMkonig, m. regulus of gold. 
Goldkupfer, n. Mannheim gold (a form of 

Goldlack. m. gold varnish; aventurine; wall- 
flower {Chexranihttft ^liheiri). 
CMdle^erong, /. gold alloy. 
G<rfdleim« m. gold size. 
Goldmacherkiinst, /. alchemy. 
Goldocher, Goldocker, m. finest ydlow ocher. 
G<ddoxyd, n. gold oxide, spedf., auric oxide. 
G^ridoxydnl, n. aurous oxide. 
Gotdoxydnlverbindniig, /. aurous compound. 
G<rfdoxydyerbindiuig, /. auric compound. 
Girfdpapier, n. gilt paper, gold paper, 
goldplattiert, pjcu gold-plated. 

Girfdprobe, /. gold assay, gold test. 

Goldpurpnr, m. purple of Casdus. 

G<rfdviarz, m. auriferous quartz. 

Goldregen, m. laburnum. 

Goldmbhi^^as, n. juby glass in which gold is 
used as a colorant. 

Goldrate, /. goldenrod. 

g<rid8aner, a. of or combined with auric add, 
aurate of. 

Goldsftore, /. auric add. 

Goldschale, /. gold dish, gold cup; oupd. 

Goldschaiiin, m. imitation gold, Dutch metal. 

Goldsdidder, m. gdd refiner, gold parter. 

Goldscheidewasser, n. aqua regia. 

Goldscheidiuig, /. gold parting, gold refining. 

Gtrfdschlag, m, gold leaf, gold foil. 

GoldschUlga-, m. goldb«U«r. 

Goldschlikgerltaat, /. goldbeater's skin> 

G<rfdschmied, m. goldsmith. 

Goldachnitt, m. gilt edge. 

Goldschwefel, m. antimony pentasulfide. 

Gddsiegellack, m. gold sealing wax; aven- 

Goldsilber, n. dectrum. 

G<ridsalfiir, n. aurous sulfide. 

Goldthioschwefeisiiare,-/. aurothiosulfuric add.- 

G(rfdtropfen, m,TpL {Pharm.) ethereal tincture of 
ferric chloride. 

G<rfdverblndong, /. gold compound. 

GoldzyanUr, n. aurous cyanide. 

Golf, m. gulf. 

gtflte, prel, mibj. of gdten. 

Gondel, /. gondola. 

gonnen, v4. wish; grant. 

Gdnner, m. wdl-wisher, patron. 

gor, pret. of gfiren. 

goss, pret. of giessen, 

Gosse, /. gutter. 

Gott, m. God, god. 

Gdtterbaom, m. tree of heaven (AilarUhua 

Gotterfabd, Gdtterlehre, /. mythology. 

Gdtterspeise, /. ambroda. 

Gdttertrank, m. nectar. 

Gottesacker, m. churchyard, cemetery. 

Gotte^dehrthdt, Gottedehre, /. theology. 

Gotteslengnung, /. atheism. 

G«ttin, /. goddess. 

gottsdig, a. godly, pious. 

gr., abbrev. (Gramm, Gramme) gram, grams, g. 

Grab, n. grave, tomb. 

graben, v4. dig; engrave, cut. 

Graben, n. ditch, drain, trench. 

Gr&ber, m. digger. 

Grabiegnng, /. burying, interment. 

Grabmal, n. (sepulchral) monument. 

Grabscheit, n. spade, shovd. 

Grabscbrilt, /. epitaph. 

Grabstfchel, m. graver, graving tod, cfaiad. 

Grad, m. degree; grade, rank; stage. 




Gradabteaang, /. graduation, aeale. 
Gradbogeiu /• graduated arc 
^ Gradrintrihing, /. graduation, scale. 

gradieren, vJ. graduate; test with a hydrometer. 
Gradierhaus, n. (SaU) graduation house. 
Gradienmg, /. graduation, etc (see gradieren). 
Gradierwage, /. brine gage 
Gradierwerlr, n. graduation apparatus or works 

(for oonoentrating a solution by exposing a 

large surface to the air). 
-gradig, a. having (certain) degrees. 
Gradmesser, m. graduator. 
Gradtdlung, /. graduation, scale. 
gradnieren, v.t, graduate. 
Gradniemng, /. graduation. 
Graf, m. count; (in England) earL 
Grafltt n. graphite 
Gram, m. sorrow, affliction. 
gram, a. averse, angry. 
, griimeii, vjr, grieve, worry. 

grftmlich, a. surly, sullen, peevish. 

Gramm, 91. gram. 

Grammenflasche, /. pycnometer. 

Gran* n. & m. grain. 

Granadflhoii, n. granadUla wood. 

Granalien, p2. granulated metaL 

Granat, m. garnet; (in combination) pome* 

Granatapfel, m. pomegranate. 
Granatbaum, m. pomegranate tree. 
GranatdodekaSder, n. rhombic dodecahedron. 
Granate, /. grenade, shell; garnet; pome- 
GranatOIholz, n. granadilla wood. 
Granatiildl, n. physio-nut oil. 
Granatiilsamen, n. physic nut. 
Gramitoedo-, n. = Granatdoddcafider. 
Gramitrinde, /. pomegranate bark, 
granatrot, a. gametr-red, garnet. 
Granatwnrxelriiide, /. pomegranate root 

Grand, m. coarse sand or fine gravel; {Breio- 

ing) underback. 
granieren, vd. granulate, grain. 
granitartig, a. granite-like, granitic 
graniten, granitlsch, a. granitic. 
Granitfels, Granitfelsen, m. granitic rock. 
J granitfSrmlg, a. granitiform. 
Grenne, /. awn, beard. 
granulieren, vA. granulate. 
Grannlierung, /. granulation. 
granolds, a. granular. 
Grilnxe, /. =* Grenze. 
Grapen, m. (iron) mixing pot, pot. 
graphisch, a. graphic 
graphitartig, f^phiflthnljch, a. graphite-like, 

graphitiereii, vjL blacklead. 
grapUtisch, a. graphitic 
Graphitaftnre, /. graphitic add. 

GraphltiQltae, /. (of an arc lamp) carbon. 

GrapUtstift, m. lead pencil; pencil lead. 

Graa, n. grass. 

grasen, v.t. graze. 

Griser, n.jA. grasses, (Bot.) Poaoeae. 

graafreooend, p.a. graminivorous, herbiverous. 

graaig, a. grassy, grassgrown. 

GrasleiBen, n. grass doth. 

Grasfil, n. grass oil, spedf., dtrondla oil. 

grassieren, v,u rage, spread. 

grttssllcii, a. horrible, frightful. 

Graswurzei, /. couch grass {Affropyron repejut); 

iPharm,) triticum; grass root. 
Grat, m. edge, ridge, bur; groin, (of a roof). 
Grilte^ /. fishbone; 'edge, ridge, spine, 
gran, a. gray. — grane QnecksBberaalbe, /. 

mercurial ointment. 
Granbrannstdn, m. (Min.) manganite. 
Graabraonsteinerx, n. pyrolusite. 
Graneisenera, n. marcasite. 
granen, v.t. grow gray; dawn; be in dread, 
graaenhall, a. horrible. 
Graogolders, n. nagyi^te. 
Graugilltigerz, n. tetrahedrite. 
Grankaik, m. gray lime (inforlor in quality); 

gray chalk. 
Grankobalten, n. gray cobalt ore, jaipuiite. 
Graukapfererz, n. chalcodte; tennantite. 
graulicfa, grUuUch, a. grayish. 
Graomanganerz, n. gray manganese ore, man- 
ganite; (Uchtes) polianite. 
Graomontsamen, m. pumpkin seed. 
Graupe, /. peeled grain, esp. of bailey; knot 

(in cotton); (,Min.) grain. — pL Granpen, 

pearl barley; groats; 
granpeln, v.i. deet. 
Graapenerz, n. granular ore. 
Granpenkobalt, m. Smaltite. 
Graupensclileim, m. barley water. I 

Granpenachttrl, m. aphrizitc 
graapig, a. granular. 
Graos, tn. small fragments, smalls; horror; 

grausam, a. horrible, inhuman, crud. 
grausen, v,i. shudder. 
grausig, a. gruesome, horrible. 
Graospiea^lanz, m., Graosplessglanzerz, n., 

gray antimony ore, stibnite. 
Grauwacke, /. (Petrog.) graywacke. 
gravleren, v.t. engrave; aggravate. 
gravimetrisch, a. gravimetric. 
Grazie, /. grace, charm. ' 

greifbar, a. graspable, tangible, 
greifen, vA. & i. .grasp, seize, grip, catch. — 

v.i. mat, f dt, cake. 
Greifzirkcl, m. calipers. 
grds, a. gray with age, old. 
Greisen-. senile. 
grell, a. bright, dazzling, faring; shrill.-^ 

grdlep Btrfieisen, white pig iron. 




GrenadllUiolz, n. granadilla wood. 

Grens-. limit (in Org, Chem. designating satu- 
rated aliphatic compounds, t.e., the methane, 
or paraffin, series and derivatives); limiting, 
terminal, marginal. 

Grenxidkohirf, m. limit alcohol, paraffin alco- 
hol, saturated alcohol. 

Grenase, /. limit, boimdarj^ bound, end; limi- 

Grenzenlinie, /. boundary line. 

grenzenlos, a. unlimited, infinite. 

Grenxfall, m. limiting case. 

Grenzflache, /. boundary surface, surface of 
. contact. 

Grenzgesetz, n. limit law (ond which natural phe- 
nomena approximate but never actually fulfil). 

Grenzkohlenwasserstoff, m. any hydrocarbon 
of the methane series, paraffin, alkane, limit 

Chrenziomre, /. limiting curve, limit curve. 

<3renz8cheide, /. boundary. 

Grenzverbindang, /. terminal compound, end 
compound, end member; saturated aliphatic 
compound (see Grena-). 

Grenzwert, m. limiting valui^, limit. 

Grenzwinkd, m. critical angle. 

Greuel, m. horror, detestation. 

greolich, a. abominable, detestable. 

Grese, Grezseide, /. raw silk. 

Grieben, /.p2. cracklings. 

griechlsch, a. Greek. 

Gries, m. = Griess. 

grieselig, griesig, a. gritty, gravelly. 

Griess, m. grit, gravel, coarse sand; grits, 
groats; small coal; (Med.) gravel. 

Griessmittei, n. remedy for gravel. 
...Griessstein, m. urinary calculus, gravel; jade. 

griff, preL of greifen. 

Griff, m. grip, grasp; handle, knob; touch, feel. 

Griffel, m. style, stylus; slate pencil, pencil; 
iBot.) style. 

grtffdformig, a, styloid, styliform. 

Griffstopfen, m. stopiier with thumb piece. 

GriUe,/. cricket; whim, crotchet. 

Grimm, m. rage, fury. 

Grimmdarm, m. (Med.) colon. 

grimmen, v.i. gripe. 

Grind, m. scab, scurf, crust. 

grinsen, v.i. grin; (of colors) stare; (of metals) 
begin to melt. 

grm., abbrev. (Gramm, Gramme) gram, grams, g. 

grob, a. coarse; thick, heavy, rough; large, 
gross: ill-bred, rude. 

grobfadig, a. coarse-threaded. 

grobfaserig, a. coarse-fibered. 

grobgepulvert, p.a. coarsdy powdered. 

Grobgewicht, n. gross weight. 

Grobkonif n. coarse grain, large grain. 

grobkomlg, a. coarse-grained, large-grained, 
coarsely granular. 

grobkrytalHiitorti, a. coarsely erystalline. 
grSbllch, a. rattier coarse. — adv. coarsely, 

GrobmSrtd, m. coarse mortar, concrete. 
grobporig, a. large-pored, coarsely porous. 
Grobachmied, m. blacksmith. 
Grobschrot, n. & m. coarse groats^ (Brevnng) 

coarsely ground malt. 
GrSnland, n. Greenland. 
gross, a. great; large, tall; capital Getter). 
groflMuiig, a. grand, sublime. 
Groflsbetrieb, m. operation on a large scale; 

wholesale trade. 
grossbUltterig, a. coarsdy foliated or laminated; 

grossbritannisch, a. British. 
GrSsse, /. quantity; magnitude; amount, bulk, 

size, largeness, greatness. 
GrOflsenlehre, /. mathematics; geometry. 
GrOssenordnung, /. order of magnitude. 
grossfaserig, a. large-fibered, coarse-fibered. 
Grossfeuer, n. (Ceram.) full fire. 
Grossfttrst, m. grand duke. 
Grossgewerbe, n. manufacture on a large scale. 
Groashandel, m. wholesale business. 
Groashiindler, m. wholesaler. 
grosshendg, a. magnanimous. 
Grossherzog, m. grand duke. 
Grosshim, n. cerebrum. 
GrosslndnBtrie, /. » Grossgewerbe. 
grossjfthrig, a. of age. 
grocMnntttIg, a. magnanimous, generous. 
Grossmutter, /. grandmother. 
grtestenteils, adv. for the most part. 
Grossvater, m. grandfather. 
Grotte, /. grotto. 
grub, pret. of graben. 
Grttbchen, n. little hole or opening; dimple; 

(Biol.) lacuna. 
Gmbe, /. mine; quarry; hole, cavity; pit; 

grttbdn, v.i. ponder, brood. 
Gnibenban, m. mine digging, underground 

Grubenbetrieb, m. mining. 
Gnibenbrand, m. mine fire. 
Grubengas, n. marsh gas, methane; fire damp 

(explosive mixture of methane and air). 
Grubengnt, n. (Mining) minerals. 
Grubenklein, n. (Mining) rubbish, slack. 
Grubenlampe, /. miner's lamp. 
Grubensand, m. pit sand, dug sand. 
Grubenverkohlung, /. pit burning (of charcoal). 
Grubenwetter, n. mine damp, specif., fire damp, 
grttn, a. green. — grttne Erde = Grtinerde. 
Grfin, n. green. 
Grttnbleierz, n. green lead ore, green pyromor- 

phite (or green mimetite). 
Gnind, m. ground (in various senses); grounds, 

sediment; bottom; foundation, base, basis. 




Gnmd-. ground, bottom, foundation, base, 
^ fundamentfd, primary, elementary; (before 
adja,, cmnd-) thoroly, radically. 

GnmdbeflitaE, m. landed property, real estate. 

Gnindbestandteil, m. dementary constituent, 

Gmndeinheit, /. fimdamental unit. 

grttnden, vj, ground, found, establish; groove. 
, Grjlnder,.m. founder, establisher, promoter. 

gmndfalsch, a. radically false. 

Grondfarbe, /. primary color; ground color, 
priming color; (Dyeing) bottom color. 

Grundfenchtigkelt, /. soU moisture. 

Crmndfimls, m. priming varnish. 

^mndflftche, /. basal surface, base; area. 

Grondflibnrigkeit,/. (jColloids) suspending liquid. 

Gnmdform, /. primary or fundamental form, 

Gmndgebirge, n. primitive rock. 

Gmndgesetz, n. fundamental law. 

Gmndiorbad, n. bottoming bath. 

grundieren, vd. ground, prime; ((Gilding) dze; 
(.Paper) stain; (Dyeing) bottom; (Calico) 

Gmndkapital, n. stock. 

Gmndkttrper, m. fundamental or parent sub- 

Gnindkrall, /. primary force, primitive force. 

Grundlage, /. foundation, groundwork, base; 

* basis, principle; matrix; basement; (Old 
Chem,) radical base. 

grlindllch, a. fundamental; profound; thoro. 

Gmndlinie, /. ground line, base line, basis. 

Gmndmasse, /. groundmass, ground mass; 
(AnaL) stroma. 

Gnuidmtetel, m. concrete. 

Gmndplatte, /. base plate. 

Gmndproblem, n. fundamental problem. 

Grundregel, /. principle, axiom. 

Gnindrifls, m. ground plan; sketch, outline. 

Grundsatz, m. principle, axiom. 

gmndsfttdidv a. fundamental, based on prin- 
i Gmndwchicht, /. primary layer, fimdamental 
layer; ground course. 

Gnindstein,' m. foundation stone, cornerstone; 
lower (mOl) stone. 
1 GmndBtock, m, matrix. 

Grundstoff, m. element; raw material; base. 

Gnmdatridi, m. first coat, priming; down 

Gnmdsabstaaz, /. element; (Anat,) ground 

Gmndteilchen, n. smallest particle, atom. 

Grttndung, /. foundation; first coat, priming. 

Gmndvavach, m. fimdamental experiment. 

Gmndwaaaer, n. ground water. 

Gmitdnihl, /. unit; base niunber, base; car- 
dinal number* 

Grttne, Grfimen, n. green. 

Grttn^senerz, Grttneisenat^n, m. green iron 

ore, dufrenite. 
Grlinerde, /. green earth (glauconite, also oel- 

Grttnfener, n. green fire. 
grfing^b, a. greenish yellow. 
Grttnkalk. m. gas lime. 
Grttnkreozgas, n. ** green cross ** gas. 
griinlicli, a. greenish. 
Griinmalz, n. green malt. 
GribUM, n. green oil (anthracene oil). 
Grtinspan, m. verdigris. 
Griinspat, m, a variety of diopside. 
Grtinstar, m. glaucoma. 
Grttnst^n, m. (Geol.) greenstone. 
Griinsucht, /. chlorosis. 
gmnzen, v.i. grunt. 
Gnippe, /. group; cluster, set. 
gmppenweise, adv. in groups. 
gmppieren, p.i. group. 
Grus, m. & n. small fragments, smalls; specif., 

small coal, slack; fine gravel. 
gruselig, a. shuddering; awful. 
Gmas, m. greeting, salutation, 
graasen, v.t. greet, salute. 
Griitz-. of or like grits, pulpy, (Med.) sebaceous, 

Griitzbrel, m. porridge, mush. 
Griitze, /. grits, groats. 
Griitzschirim, m. gruel. 
G-Sliare, /. G-add (2-naphthol-6,8-disulfonie 

Gnajak, m. guaiacum. 
Guajakharz, n. guaiacum resin, guaiacum. 
Gu^Jakholz, n. guaiacum wood. 
Gu^Jakinsfture, /. guaiacinic add. 
Goajakol, n. guaiacol. 
Gnajakafture, /. guaiadc add. 
gucken, v.t. look, peep. 
Gackloch, n. peep hole. 
Gohr, /. = Gur. 
Gulden, m. gulden, florin. 
Gttlle, /. liquid manure (esp. a kind formed by 

the decomposition of animal refuse). 
glildg, a. valid, binding, good, current; (Minn 

ifuf) spedf., auriferous. 
Gttltigkeit, /. validity, binding force, availabil- 
Gnmmi, n. gum; (India) rubber. 
Gummi arabicnm. gum arabic. 
Gummiart, /. variety of gum, gum. 
gummiartig, a. gumlike, g^ummous, gummy. 
Gnmmiband, n. rubber band; elastic. 
Gummibanm, m. gum tree; rubber tree. 
Gummi elasticnm. rubber. 
gummleren, v4. gum; (Gilding) size. 
Gummifahne, /. rubber flag (for precipitates). 
Gummifichte, /. balsam fir. 
Gummiflasche, /. rubber bottle. 
gummig, gummicht, a. gmnmy, gimunous. 

Gnmnugat 116 

Gnnunifat, Goflunifiitl, n. gambofe. 
gnminihalrig, a. oontainiiig gam, summy. 
CroauniluHrx, lu gum man. 
GnmmilTk, m. gum lac, lac. 
Gommlpf ropi; m. rubber stopper. 
Gammirohr, n. rubber tube. 
Gommiaiiire, /. gummic acid (arable add). 
r>— ■i«M»hi«iM'h, m. rubber tube, rubber tubing. 
Ctanmlflddcim, m. mucilage (made from gum), 

iPharm.) mucilage of acada. 

m. iPharm.) sirup of acada. 
m. hyalite. 

m. rubber stamp. 
I, ffi. rubber doth. 
Gnmmifltopfen, m. rubber stopper. 
Giimmitragant, m. gum tn^^acanth. 
GvmmiTcrbindiing, /. rubber connection. 
Gnauniwaren, f.pL rubber goods, 
a. gummous, gummy. 

/., Gandermann* m. ground ivy 

(Gleeoma hederaeea). 
Giiiist, /. favor, kindness. 
gOnstig, a. favorable; kind, propitious. 
Gnr, /. guhr (pulverulent mineral depodt); 

spedf., kiesdguhr. 
Gvrdynamit, m. & n. guhr dynamite. 
Gnrgel, /. throat, gullet. 
Gnrgdader, /. jugular vein. 
Crurgefanittel, n. gargle. 
gnrgein, vA, & i. gargle; gurgle. 
Gnrke, /. cucumber. 
Gwlienkrant, n. borage. 
Gnrt, m. girdle, bdt, girth. 
Gttrtal, m. girdle, bdt, sash. 
girten, v4. gird, girdle. 
Gaaa, m. casting, founding; cast iron; gate (of 

a mdd); gutto"; jet (of liquid); pour (of 

rain); font (of type); (Breiptna) mash liquor, 

mash water. 
CrBflsblase, /. flaw in a casting, 
i, n. cast lead. 

a. east iron; pig Iron. 

/. molding flask. 
/. (casting) mold; (Soap) frame, 
m. casting box, molding boa. 
n. cast bi 

/. {MttaL) ladle. 
GnnnnfhHfker, m. {Ceram.) casting slip. 
GnnnnpBne, in.pI. cast-4ron diips or boringa. 
Gnonstiiil, in. cast sted. 
GaHHHteJB, m. sink; drain. 

Gaaswaren, f.pL rasHngw, foundry goods. ~^ 

gat, a. good.— -odv. welL 

Gat, n. good; (valuable or useful) material, 
poasesdon, property, goods, ware; (in com- 
bination) goods (V material to be treated; 
as, Farbgut, goods to be dyed; pL Gttter, 
goods, wares, commodities. 

Gntarhtfa, n. eqwrt opinion, judgment; ded- 
sion, verdict. 

gntartig, a. goodniatured; mOd. 

Giite, /. goodness, worth, quality. 

Giiter, lupL See Gut. 

Giiterzng, m. freight train, goods train. 

Gn^ewicht, n. fair wdght; allowance. 

Gnthabea, a. balance, credit. 

giitig, a. good, kind, gradous. 

gutiich, a. friendly, amicable. 

gnUaiitig, a. good-natured, kind. 

Gntschmeckor, m. gastronomist, epicure. 

GutschrifC /. credit. 

Gntti, n. gamboge. 

gntwUlig, a. willing, obliging; voluntary. 

gntdehend, puu wdl-drawing, with a good 

Gymnadnm, a. (German) gymnasium, a dassi- 
eal school preparing for the univerdtiea. 

Gyps, Gypa-. See Gips, Gipe-. 


h., ablbrmf, (hoehaehmelsend) high-melting; 
, (heias) hot; (hoeh) high, great; (heilig) holy, 


H., abhrep. (Hfirte) hardness; (H&he) altitude; 
(Haben) credit; (Hoheit) Highness. 

Bbar, n. hair. 

Haar-. capillary. 

Haaralaun, m4 capillary alum. 
I haarartig, a. hairlike, capillary. 

Haarbalg, m. hair follicle. 

Haarbeize, /. depilatory. 

Haarerz, n. capillary ore. 

haarfaserig, a. filamentous. 

haarfSrraig, o. capillary, hair-shaped. 

Haarg^ilflfl, n. capillary vessel. 

haarigy a. hairy; pilose. 

Haarldea, m. capillary pyrites, millerite. 

Haarkapfer, n. capillary copper. 

haarlos, a. hairless, bald; (of fabrics) napless. 

HaanuuM, /. hairpin. 

Haarrias, m. (hair) crack, craze. 

haarriasig, a. crazed. — ^haarrissig werden, craze. 

Haarrohr, -rtfhrchen, n., -rtthre,/. capillary tube. 

Haarrtthrenanzlehoiig, /. capillary attraction. 

Haarrifcckchen, n. hair follicle. 

Haarsals* n. hair salt (fibrous form of aluno- 
gen, halotriehite or epsomite). 

Haarsehwefel, m. capillary sulfur. 

Haarschweif, m. coma (of a comet). 

Haarsllber, n. capillary silver. 

Haarvertflgangamittel, n. depilatory. 

Haarvltriol, m. capillary epsomite. 

Habe, /. pnH>erty* 

haben, vjL have. 

Haben, n. (Com.) credit; creditor. 

Habgler, /. covetousness. 

HaUcbt, fit. hawk. 

Habichtakrant, n. hawkweed (Hieraeium). 

Habilitationaaehrift,/. inaugural dissertation. 

HaMtoa, m. habit. 
« Habsacht, /. avidity. 

^S^ke, /. hoe; mattock; pick. 

haeken, v.t. hack, chop; mince. 

Hacken, m. heel. 

Hader, m. rag. 

had^ig* hadrig, a. (of iron) short. 

Hadernlade, /. rag chesL 

Hafen, m. pot; harbor, port. 

Hafer, m. oats. 

Ebifennehl, n. oatmeal. 

Haferaehleim, m, oat gruel. 

Hafnerers, n. potter's ore (fine galena). 

-haft, partaking of the nature of, -ish, -ous, -ose 
-ly, -ful; as, adimenAaft, painful, grievous. 

Haft, /. custody, arrest. 

haftbar, a. liable, responsible. 

haften, v.t. adhere, cling, stick; be liable. 

Hag, m. hedge; pile (of tiles); bush; grove; 

Hagebuche, /. hornbeam. 

Hagedom, m. hawthorn. 

Hagel, m. hail; small shot. 

hageln, v.t. haU. 

hago*, a. hag^gard, thin. 

Haher, m. jay. 

Hahn, m. cock, stopcock; tap, faucet; cock, 

Hahnenf^iaa, m. (lit.) cock's foot; (Cerant.) cock- 
spur; (Bot,) crowfoot, ranunculus. 

Hahnstopfen, n. cock stopper. 

H]U, Haiflsch, m. shark. 

Haiflschtran, m. shark-liver oil. 

Hain, m. grove, wood. 

Hakchen, n. little hook, dasp. 

H&kelgarn. n. crochet thread. 

h&kdn, vA. crochet; hook. 

Haken,mJhook; dasp, catch; (Puddlttn^) rabble. 

hakenlBrmig, a. hooked, unciform. 

Hakenprobe, /. {Sugar) hook test. 

hakig, a. hooked; hackly (fracture). 

halb, a. & adv. half. 

Halb-. half, semi-, hemi-, sub-. 

Halbalaon, m. impure alum. 

Halbaldehyd, m, &iu semialdehyde. 

Halbart, /. subspedes. 

HalbMelche, /. half bleach; cream color. 

HaIbchl(M*8chwefei, m. sulfur subchloride 
(monochloride) . 

halbcylindrlsch, a. semicylindrical. 

Halbdunkel, n. twilight. 

halbdorchlftsdg, a. semipermeable. 

Halbdorehmesaer, m. semidiameter, radius. 

halbdurchflichflg, a. semitransparent. 

Halbedelstein, m. semipredous stone. 

halbeirand, a. semioval. 

halber, halben, prep, (following its object) in 
behalf of, on account of. 

Halbfabrikat, n. intermediate product, aemi- 

Halbflftchner, tit. hemihedron. 

Halbflttgler, m.pL Hemiptera. 

halbflttssig, a. semiliquid, semifluid. 

Halbftranzband, m. half-calf binding; volumes 
bound in half calf. 





Halbgat, n, {MetaL) tin containing much lead. 

Halbhan, it. crude resin. 

Halbhelt. /. imperfection; indeddon. 

HalblMriU&iider, m. (Paper) washing engine. 

halUeren, v4. halve; bisect. 

Halbinsel, /. poiinsuia. 

halbjillirlich, a. semiannual. 

HalUurfloid, n. semicoUoid. 

HalbkreiB, m. semicircle. 

halbkreisfdrmig, a. semicircular. 

Halbkagel, /. hemisphere. 

halbkngelig, a. hemispherical. 

HalMederband, m. half-leather binding (or a 
volume so bound). 

Halbmahlen, n. breaking in. 

Halbmattglaaur, /. (Ceram.) semi-cs&t glase. 

Halbmesser, m. radius. 

Halbmetall, n. semimetal. 

ludbmonadich, a. semimonthly. 

lialbnitril, n. seminitriie. 

halbnormal, a. half-normal, seminormal. 

Halbopal, m. semiopal. 

Halbortho-oxalsaure, /. semiorthoOxalic add. 

Halbporaellan, n. semiporcelain. 

halbracemisch, a. semiracemic. 

Halbflchattenapparat, m. half-shade (or half- 
shadow) apparatus. 

Halbstoff, m, (Paper) half stuff. 

HalbstofnuriUlnder, m. breaker. 

halbtief, a. of half the depth, shallow. 

hidbtrocken, a. half-dry, semi-dry. 

halbweich, a. half-soft, partly soft. 

Halbzeng, n. half stuff. 

Halbzinn, n.=3 Halbgut. 

Halde,/. heap (of refuse), dump. 

Haldenschlacke, /. discarded dag. 

half, pret, of helfen. 

Haifa, /. esparto. 

HiUfte,/. half. 

Hall, m. sound, peal; resonance. 

Halle, /. hall; porch. 

ludlsn, v.i, sound, resound. 

Halm, m. blade, stalk; straw. 

Halmfriichte, cereals. 

Halochemie, /. chemistry of salts. 

Halogen-, halogen, halo- (as in Halogenben- 
zoesaure. Halogen, .»'^'f'i'', "*eA. halide of (as 
in Halogensilber, ' ' . r h ai ^le , . 

Haiogenalkyl, n. alk . I nah('». 

Haiogenid, n. halide. 

halogenieren, v.t h»\<^' m*U; nnlin: e. 

Halogenierung, /. hu-i a naKo'i, Mhnation. 

Ebdogenkohlenstoff, . •.v.rM..- > dU^('. 

Halogenmetall, n. m-*a:l .* v- ,; 

Halogenquecksllber. ' ' "r > v ' > .e. 

Halogenschwefei, m. ^ J ■• 

Halogensilber, n. sil '< : • > U 


or, better, halo- a&, 
Chinone, haloqiupun •■>/. 

' .i4i'T«'T.-'-ib8tituted 
. w< r V t" • ^,1 bstitulerte 

Haiogenlir, n. (-ous) halide. Cf. ChlorQr. 
HalogenTOTbindiing, /. halogen compound. 
HalogenwassOTStoff, nt. hydrog«i halide. 

Halogenwasserstoffaiiire, /. halogen hydradd, 
hydrohalic add (geno^ name for hydro- 
chloric, hydrobromic, etc., adds). 

Haloid, Haloidsalz, n. halide. 

Hals, m. neck; tluroat; stem (of a thermom- 
eter, etc.). 

Hals-. (Anat). cervical. 

Halsband, n. neck ribbon; necklace; collar. 

Halwhein, n. collar Ixme. 

Halsbinde, /. necktie, cravat. 

Hakdwftone, /. throat affection (applied to va- 
rious diseases, as diphtheria, croup, etc.). 

lUsmandd, /. tonsil. 

Halardhre, /. trachea. 

Halt, m. hold, holding; halt, stop; firmness; 

hSIt, pr, S sing, of halten. 

haltbar, a. stable; strong, durable; fast, per- 
manent (colors). 

Haltbarkeit, /. stabflity, etc. (see haltbar); 
keeping quality. 

halten, v.t. hold; keep; deliver (an address); 
take (a newspaper). — o.r. hold on, remain; 
keep, last. — v.t. hold, keep, last; stop. 

Halter, nt. holder; support; handle; hold; 

H%lter, m, holder; reservoir. 

Halterarm, m. supporting arm, support. 

Haltezeit, /. halt, pause. 

haltig, a. rich (ore); (as a suffix) containing, 
holding, yielding, bearing, -ferous, as ztnn- 
haUigt containing tin, stanniferous. 

haltlos, a. i^pstable, unsteady, infirm, loose; 
(of paper) tender. 

Haltung, /. attitude, bearing, state; harmony; 

Hilm-. hem-, hasm-. 

Hamatin, n. hematin. 

Hftmatit, m. hematite. 

h&misch, a. malidous. 

Hammatsch. (Brewing) sodium bicarbonate. 

Hammel, m. wether; mutton. 

Hammelfett, n. mutton fat. 

Hammelfleiscti, n. mutton. 

Hammeltalg, m. mutton tallow. 

lUimmerbar, a. malleable. 

H&mmerbarkelt, /. malleability. 

Hammereisen, n. wrought iron. 

hammergar, a. (Copper) tough-pitch, tough. 

hammern, v.t. hammer, forge. 

Hammerschlag, m. hammer scale. 

Handarbelt, /. hand work; manual labor; 

Handausgabe, /. pocket edition. 

Handbuch, n. manual, handbook, compendium. 

Handel, m. commerce, trade; business, affair; 




faniddii, 9.i. act; trade. — handelw nm, treat* be 

about.-— es bajideli aich nm, the qaestion is 

as to. . . • ^ N 

Handds-. commercial. 
Handelaamt, n. board of trade. 
Handelsartikel* vu artide of commerce, com- 
Handdsbetrieb, m. traffic. 
Handeischemlker, m. commercial chemist, 

(commercial) analytical chemist. 
Handdsgewicht, n. commercial weight. 
Handelaieate, p{. tradespeople, tradesmen. 
Handelamann, m, tradesman. 
EEandelssUber, n. commercial silver (containing 

Handelaaorte, /. commercial form or variety. 
Handelsverein, m. commercial association, 

commercial union. 
Handeiszdchen, n. trademark. 
Banddsdnk, n. commercial zinc, spelter. 
Handgebravch* m. daily use. 
Handgdenk, n. wrist, wrist joint. 
Bandgranate, /. hand grenade. 
bandgreiffich, a. obvious, palpable, downright. 
Handgrlff, m. handle; grasp; knack. 
Handhabe,/. handle. 
liandhaben* v.t. handle; manipulate. 
Handhabnng, /. handling; manipulation. 
handheias, a. of the temperature of the hand, 

HSndler, m. dealer, retailer. 
handHch, a. handy, manageable. 
Handlichkelt, /. handiness. 
Handlong, /. trade, commerce; (commercial) 

establishment; action; plot. 
Hant^Bchrtft, /. handwriting. 
Handschnh, m. glove. 
Handatrkh, m. (jCeram.) hand molding. 
Handstttck, n. specimen (of ore or the like, of a 

size conveniently held in the hand), hand 

Handtnch, n. towel. 
Handverlwaf, m. retail. 
Handwage, /. hand balance. 
Handwinne, /. heat (or warmth) of the hand. 
Handwerk, n. handicraft, trade; guild. 

m. mechanic, artisan, workman. 
I, a. workmanlike; mechanical. 
Handwerkaseug, n. tools, instruments. 
Handwtfrterirach, n. abridged dictionary. 
Hanf, m. hemp. 

hanfartig, a. hemplike, hempen. 
HHnHing, m. linnet. 
HanflH, n. hemp(seed) oil. 
Hanfaamen, n. hempseed. 
Hanfaeil, n. hemp rope, hemp cord. 
Hang, m. slope, dedivity; indination, propen- 

aity» bent. 
Binge* /. place where things are hung to dry, 

drying houae, loft; (Dyeing) ager. 

Hlngebrttcke, /. suspension bridge. 

HlUigeniatte, /. hammock. 

hangen, hftngen, 0.t. hang; ding, adhere; (in a 

furnace) scaffold. — ^hangend, lUUigend, p.a. 

hanging, suspended, pendent. 
hilngen, vU, hang, suspend; attach. 
Hiingenbleiben, n. (in a fiunace) scaffolding. 
Hansel, m. {Bretcing) return wort. 
h&nsein, v.t. play tricks on, chaff. 
Hantel, /. dumb-bell. 
hantleren, v.i. work, handle, manipulate; man- 

ug&. — r.t. be busy, be occupied. 
Hantierong, /. manipulation, etc. (see han- 

tieren); occupation. 
Harfe, /. harp. 
HIirIng, m. = Hering. 
Harke, /. rake, 
harken, v.t. rake. 
Harm, m. sorrow, grief; harm. 
harmen, v.r. grieve, worry. 
Harn, m. urine. 

Hamabaatz, m. urinary sediment. 
Hamanalyse, /. urine analysis, urinalysis. 
Hambenzoes&ure, /. hippuric acid. 
Harnblase,/. (urinary) bladder. 
hamen, v-.t. urinate. 
Hamfarbstoff, m. urinary pigment. 
Hamkolloid, n. urinary colloid. 
Harnkraut, n. yellow weed (Reseda hUeola)> 
Hamlehre, /. urinology. 
Hamlelter, m. ureter, catheter. 
Hammesser, m. urinometer. 
Hamrtthre, /. urethra. 
Hammhr, /. diabetes. 
Harnsalz, n. microcosmic salt; (any) salt found 

in urine. 
Hamsand, m. (urinary) gravel. 
hamsaaer, a. of or combined with uric add, 

urate of. 
Hamsiiiire, /. uric add. 
Hamstein, m. urinary calculus. 
Hamstoff', m. urea. 
hamtreibend, p.a. diuretic. 
Hamwitersnchimg, /. investigation of urine, 

Hamwage, /. urinometer. 
Hamzncker, m. sugar in urine. 
harren, v.t. wait, stay. 
hart, a. hard; hardy; (Mining) refractory. — 

adv. hardly, hard. 
Hartblel, n. hard lead (applied to crude lead 

hardened by antimony and other impurities, 

and to an alloy of lead and antimony). 
HartborsC, m., Hartborste, /. (Steel) crack 

formed during hardening. 
Hilrte, /. hardness; hardiness. 
Hiirtebestfanmnng, /. determination of hardness. 
Hlrtegrad, m. degree of hardness; temper (of 

hiirten, vJ, harden; temper. 






. Hlrteriss, m. sHartborat. 
,' Hirteskala, /. scale of hardn< 
Hutfliisler, Coleoptera. 
/ harttfeldtet, p.p. of hartldten. 
; Hartglas, n. hard glass. 
/ Hartgnmnni, n. hard rubber. 

Hartcuss, m. diill casting; ehflled casting. 
Hartliarz. n. hard resin, s^d resin. 
Hartheit, n. St.-John's-wort. 
hartlribig, a. costive. 
Hartiot, n. hard solder, 
hartldten, v.L hard-solder, braae. 
hartnilckic, a. stiff-necked, stubborn. 
Hartporzellan, n. hard porcelain. 
Hartriegel, m. privet (Ligu^rum vuigare); cor- 

nd; dogwood. 
Hartstahl, m. hard steel. 
Hartateingixt, n. (jCeratn.) hard white ware, 

feldspathic ware. 
Hiirtong, /. hardening; tempering. 
Hilrtiuigskohle, /. hardening carbon. 
Hartwaren,, hardware. 
Hars, n. resin; rosin. 
]ianartic» c^ resinlike, resinous, rosiny. 
HaniMumit'^in. pitch tree (applied to various 

Harzcevat, n. (Pharm.) rosin corate. 
HaraelekUicit&t,/. resinous (negative) electricity. 
haraen» v.i. be resinous or sticky; gather resin. 

— pj, nan; extract resin from. 
Harzeflsenz, /. resin essence. 
Har^chte, /. pitch pine. 
Harzflmis, m. resin varnish. 
Harzfleck, m. (Paper) resin (or rosin) spot. 
Hangas, n. resin gas. 

harzgdbend, p.a. yielding resin, resiniferous. 
Harz^anz, m. resinous luster. 
harzig, a. resinous, resiny. 
HarzkarboUosung, /. (Paper) solution of rosin 

in carbolic acid. 
Harzkitt, m. resinous cement. 
HarzkoUe, /. bituminous coal. 
Harzlack, m. resin lake; resin varnish. 
Haralelm, m. (Paper) rosin size. 
HarzSI, n. rosin oil. 
Harzsalbe, /. (Pharm.) rosin cerate. 
Harzsaore, /. resin acid, resinic add. 
Harzseife, /. resin soap; rosin soap. 
Harza^ritoa, m. rosin spirit. 
Harztanne, /. pitch fir. 
Harzteer, m. resinous tar. 
haaehen, v4. & i. catch, seize, 
haachieren, v.t. hatch. 
Haaehish, n. hashish. 
Hase, m. hare; coward. 
Hanoi,/, hazel; dace. 
HaBPlniiHH, /. hazdnut. 
Happlwnrz, /. asarum, asarabaeca. 
Hasenklee, m. rabbit-foot clover, hare's-foot 


Haaenkohl, m. wood sorreL 

Hadenacharte, /. harelip. 

Hasenachwanz, m. hare'a-tafl graaik 

Haape, HlUqie, /. hasp, staple. 

Haapd, m. reel; windiaas. 

haspdn* vA, red, wind. 

Haaa, m. hate, hatred. 

haasen, v.<. hate. 

hilnnlich, a. ugiy; bad, vidooa. 

Haat, /. haste, hurry. 

haattg, a. hasty. 

hat, pr. 3 aing. of haben. 

iULtschebi, vJt. fondle, pet. 

hatte, pteL of haben. 

Han, m. cut, cutting, hewing. 

Hanbe, /. hood, cap; (MetaL, etc) dome; crest 

(of a bird). 
Haubenlerche, /. created lark; (Ceram,) oona 

HaubitszttBder, m. howitzer fuae. 
Haneh, m. breath, breathing; tinge. 
hanchen, vJL&u breathe. 
Haoa, /. hoe; mattock; pidc 
haneii* 9JL hew, chop; cut; atrike (with a 

stick or the lite). 
Haaer, m. hewer, cutter; pickman. 
Haafe, Haofen, m. heap; pile; great amount 

or number, mass; (Brewing) couch, piece, 

floor, batch. 
hftnfen, v.t. heap; pile; accumulate, amaasu — v.r. 

increase. ^' 

HaufenffUiren, n. (Brewing) couching, floor- 
HaufeDverkohhing, /. charcoal burning in ions 

rectangular piles. 
hJluflg, a. frequent; abundant.-^odv. frequently^ 

often; abundantly. 
Haupt, n. head; chief. 
Haupt-. principal, chief, main; cephalic 
Hanptachse, /. principal axis. 
Hauptanteil, m. chief or prindpal oonatituent; 

main or prindpal portion. 
Hanptbeatandteii, m. chief constituent. 
Hauptblndunc, /. prindpal union or bond, link« 

age of the first order. 
Hanptbrennpunkt, m. prindpal focus. 
Hanptbrennweite, /. prindpal focal diatance 

(or length). 
Haaptfarbe* /. primary color; prindpal color. 
Hanptform, /. chief or prindpal form; master 

Hanptgknmg, /. prindpal fermentation. 
Haaptgesetz, n. fundamental law. 
Hanptkette, /. prindpal chain. 
Haaptklaase, /. prindpal or chief daaa. 
Hauptmann, m. captain; chieftain. 
Hanptnenner, m. common denominator. 
Hauptftlbad, n. (Dyeing) white steeping. 
Hanptpflaater, n. (Pharm,) opium plaster. 
Hanptpoatamtt *•• general poel-oflace. 





Hauptredaktenr, m. chief editor. 
Hanptregister, n. general index. 
Hanptn^, n. main tube or pipe, main. 
Hauptsache, /. chief matter, main point. — in 

der Hauptsache, mainly, chiefly. 
haupts&chlich, a. chief, main, principal.—- <ado. 

chiefly, principally, especially. 
Hanptsate, m. fimdamental principle or law; 

(Math), axiom. 
Hanptschliissel, m. master key. 
Hauptserie, /. principal series. 
HauptMcherung, /. (Elec.) main fuse, main 

Hauptspule, Hanptspirale, /. primary coil. 
Hauptstadt, /. metropolis, capital. 
Hanptstrom, m. {Elec.) primary current. 
Haapttypus, m. 'principal type. 
Hauptwiirze, /. iBreunng) first wort. 
Hauptzahl, /. cardinal number. 
Haas, n. house; home; family. 
Hausarznei, /. domestic remedy. 
Haosbeaitzer, m. house owner, landlord. 
hausen, v.i. reside; keep house; behave badly. 
Hansen, m. sturgeon. 
Hansenblase, /. isinglass. 
Haasflnr, /. & m. entrance hall. 
Hansgerft^ n. household furniture. 
Hanshftlter, m. housekeeper, steward; econo- 
haaderen, v.i. hawk, peddle. 
Hanalaach, Hanslaaf, m. houseleek. 
hiiiisllch, a. domestic. 
Hansinittel, n. household remedy. 
Hausschuh, m. slipper. 
Haossehwamm, m. dry rot. 
Hansselfe, /. common curd soap. 
Haostein, m. ashlar. 
Haoswanze, /. bedbug. 
Hanswnrz, /. houseleek. 
Hant, /. skin; hide; membrane; film. — darch- 

sichtige Haut, cornea. — harte Hjtut, sclerotic 

Hant-. cutaneous, membranous. 
BUuUbrliune, /. croup. 

H&ntchen, n., thin skin, film, pellicle, membrane. 
h&nten, v.t. skin. — v.r. cast the skin. 
hftatig, a. cutaneous, membranous; skinny. 
Hautlehre, /. dermatology. 
Hautleim, m. s^ue (or size) from hides. 
Hautpnlver, n. hide powder. 
hantreinlgend, p.a, cosmetic. 
Hantsnbstanz, /. hide substance. 
Hauttalg, m. sebaceous matter. 
Hiintnng, /. skinning; shedding of the skin, 

Hebamme, /. midwife. 
hebttrtztlich, a. obstetric. 
Hebe-, lifting, raising, hoiBting. 
Hebevm, m. lever. 
Hebedanmen, m. earn. 

Hebedsen, n. crowbar. 

Hebd, m. lever. 

Hebdkraft, /. leverage. 

Hebelwage, /. lever scale, beam scale. 

heben, v.t. lift, raise, elevate; further; remove; 

(M<Uh.) reduce. — v.r. rise; go; canceL 
Hebepumpe, /. lift pump, lifting pump. 
Hebepnnkt, m. fulcrum. 

Heber, m. siphon; lifter; lever; (Anat.) levator. 
Heberbarometer, m. siphon barometer. 
Heberpumpe, /. siphon pump. 
Hebevorrlchtnng, /. lifting apparatus; lever. 
Hebewerk, Hebcaseug, n. lifting apparatus, 

hoisting device, gin, whim, screw jack, etc. 
hecheln, v.t. comb, hatchel, heckle; criticize. 
Hecht, m. pike (fish). 
Hecke, /. hedge; hatch, brood. 
Hede, /. tow. 
Hederich, m. hedge mustard, specif., SiBvm- 

hrium officinale. 
Heer, n., Heerschar, /. host, army. 
Heerstrasse, /. highway; military road. 
Hefe, /. yeast; {Brewing) barm; lees, ^dregs, 

Hefeapparat, m. {Brewing) yeast propagator. 
Hefebier, n. rest beer. 
Hefeernte, /. crop of ytost. 
Hefegabe, /. {Brewing) quantity of yeast for a 

Hefegeben, n. {Brewing) adding yeast to the 

wort, pitching. 
Hefenahrung, /. yeast food. 
Hefenart, /. variety of yeast. 
Hefenpflanze, /. yeast plant. 
Hefenpoiver, n. baking powder. 
Hefepilz, HefenpUz, m. yeast fungus; yeasty 

Heferasse,/. race, breed or type of yeast. 
Hefereinzncht, /. pure yeast culture. 
Hefetrieb, m. {Brewing) yeasty head. 
Hefewanne, /. yeast trough. 
Hefezelle, /. yeast cell. 
heflg, a. yeasty, yeastlike; dreggy. 
Heftierkerze, /. Hefner candle. 
Heft, n. part, number (of a book or periodical); 

copybook; handle, hilt. 
heften, v.t, fasten, hook, pin; stitch, sew.— 

geheftet, p.a. (of printed matter) stitched 

but not bound (or only in paper). 
heftig, a. violent; severe; earnest. 
Heftigkeit, /. violence; intensity; ardor. 
Hefltpflaster, n. adhesive plaster. 
heftweise, adv. in parts or numbers, serially. 
hegen, v.t. enclose; foster, cherish. 
HeM, n. secrecy. 
hehr, a. sublime, grand. 
H^de,/. heath; heather. 
Heide, m. heathen, pagan. 
Heidelbeere, /. whortleberry; bilberry. 
Heidetorf, m. peat. 




heikel, a. critical; delicate. 

heXi, a. whole, sound. — ^heil werden, heal. 

H^, n. wdiare, safety. 

Heilanstalt, /. hospital, sanatorium. 

Heilbnumen, m. mineral spring or welL 

Heilbntt, m. halibut. 

heHen, v,t. heal, cure. 

heilig, a. holy; solemn, sacred. 

HeUlgenharz, n. guaiacum (resin). 

Heiligenhdz, n. holy wood (a variety of lignum 

Heilkraft, /. curative power. 
heilkriUtig, a. curative, healing, therapeutic. 
H^lkraat, n. officinal plant, medicinal herb. 
HeUkunde, Hellkunst,/. medicine, therapeutics, 

" healing art." 
HeOmlttel, n. remedy, medicament. 
Heflmitteilehre, /. pharmacology, pharmacy. 
Heilpflaster, n. healing plaster. — engUsches 

Heilpflaster, court-plaster. 
HeUquell, m., Heilquelle, /. mineral spring or 

heilsiftn, a. wholesome. 
Heilstoff, m. curative, remedy. 
Heilstofflehre, /. pharmacology, pharmacy. 
HeUwaaser, n. curative water, mineral water. 
HeOwert, m. therapeutic value. 
Heilwissenschaft, /. medical sci^ce. 
Helm, n. home, dwelling. 
Heimat,/. native place or country; habitat. 
heimisch, a. native, domestic, indigenous. 
heimlich, a. secret; private. 
heimsuchen, v.t. afflict; haunt. 
heimtUckiBch, a. malicious. 
Heimweh, n. homesickness. 
Heirat, /. marriage, wedding, match. 
heiraten, vU. & i. marry, wed. 
heiachen, v4. demand, require 
lieiser, a. hoarse, husky. 
heiss, a. hot; ardent. 

heissblatig, a. warm-blooded; hot-blooded, 
heissbrilchig, a. hot-short. 
heisaen, vA. call; bid, order. — v.i. be called; 

mean, be. — es heisst, it says, they say. 
heissgar, a. kishy. 

heissgrlldig, a. (of ores) difficultly fusible. 
Heissluft-. hot-air. 

Heifiswassertrichter, m. hot-water funnel. 
-heit. A suffix attached to adjectives to form 

abstract nouns (as Trocken^7, dryness), and 

to nouns to form collectives (as Mensch- 

heit, mankind) ; -hood, -ness, -dom. 
h^ter, a. dear, serene; cheerful, merry. 
H^z-. heating, calorific. 
Heizapparat, m. heating apparatus. 
Heize, /. iSteel) charge of pig. 
Heizeffekt, m. heating effect. 
heizen, v.t. & t. heat. 
Heizer, m, fireman, stoker. 
HeizflAche, /. heating surface. 

Heizgas, n. gas for heating, fuel gas. 
Heizkraft, /. heating power, calorific power. 
Heizkranz, m. ring burner. 
Heizmantel, m. heating jacket. 
Heizmaterial, Heizmittel, n. fuel. 
Heizoberflache, /. heating surface. 
Heizrohr, n., Heizrdhre, /. heating tube; fire 

HeizBchlange, /. heating ooiL 
Heizstoff, m. fuel. 
Heizang, /. heating, firing; fuel. 
Heizveriust, m. loss of heat. 
Heizvorrichtung, /. heating appliance. 
Heizwert, m, heating value, calorific power. 
Heizwirkung, /. heating effect. 
Heizzweck, m. heating purpo8e(s). 
Hdd, m. hero. 

helfen, v,i. help, assist; be of use, avail. 
H^er, m. helper, assistant. 
hell, a. bright, brilliant; light, pale; clear, 

transparent, limpid; loud, shrill. 
hellbrann, a. light brown. 
Helle, /. brightness, limiinosity; clearness, 

Heller, m. farthing. 
hellfarbig, a. light-colored. 
heUgelb, a. light yellow, bright yellow, 
hellgrau, a. light gray. 
hellgriln, a. light green. 
HeUigkeit, /. = Helle. 
hellrot, a. light red. 

Heiltran, m. a clear, light yellow cod oil. 
heilweiss, a. clear white, bright white. 
Helm, m. helmet; helm; (of a still) head. 
Helmschnabel, m. (of a still) beak, nose. 
Hemd» n. shirt; chemise; (of a blast furnace) 

Hemellithsaure, /. hemellitic add. 
Hemi^er, n. hemihedron, hemihedral form or 

HemlSdrie, /. hemihedrism. 
hemledrisch, a, hemihedral. 
Hemimellithsaure, /. hemimellitic add. 
hemitrop, a. (Crysl.) hemitrope, twinned, 
hemmen, v.L stop, check, arrest; brake; dog. 
Hemmnis, n. obstruction, check. 
Hemmung, /. stopping; check, arrest; escape- 
Hengst, m. stallion; jack; (Brewitig) old piece. 
Henkel, m. handle, lug, ear. 
Henne, /. hen. 
hepatisch, a. hepatic. 
heptacarbocycllsch, a. heptacarbocydie. 
Heptanaphten, n. heptanaphthene. 
Heptinsfture, /. heptinic add. 
her, adv. here, hither; since, aco. — ;voii Je her, 

herab, adv. down, downwards. 
herabdriicken, v.t, press down, depress, 
herabfliessen, v.i. flow down, run down. 





heraUaaaen, vJ. let down, lower.— 9.r. conde- 

herabmlndem, vA. diminish, lessen. 
herabseteen, vA, degrade; disparage; reduce. 
Heraiifletzang, /. lowering; degradation; un- 
Heraldlk, f. heraldry. 
heran, adw. on, near, up. 
heranbOden, vA. bring up, educate. 
heranwachaen, o.t. grow up. 
heranf, adv. up. up here. 
herana, ado. out, out here. 
beraadbekommen, vM get back; get out, elidt, 

herauabringen, v.L get out, turn out, draw out; 

perplex. .'• 
heraoafordern, v.t, challenge; provoke. 
Heransgabe, /. editing, edition, editorship; 

publication; issue; giving up. 
hoansgeben, vJ. edit; publish, issue; give out 

or up; give back' (change). 
Herauageber, m, editor; publisher. 
heranagreifen, vJ, single out, choose at random. 
heranakommen, 0.1. come out, get out, be 

edited, be published, result, amount. 
herandSeen, 9.L dissolve out. 
heransnehmbar, a. removable. 
heraaanehmen, oJ. take out;^ choose. 
herauflragen, v.u project. 
herauaacldagen, v.L beat out; strike (sparks); 

make (money). 
heraoastellen, v,r. turn out, prove, 
herauatreten, v.t. protrude; emerge; step out. 
herb, herbe, a. harsh, sharp, tart, rough, raw. 
horbei* ado. here, hither, near. 
herbeifiihren, vA. bring; bring about, cause, 
herbeiachaffen, tA. bring up, collect, procure, 

Herberge, /. inn; shelter. 
Herbst, m. autumn. 
Herbstroae, /. hollyhock. 
Ho'batielUoae, /. meadow saffron. 
Herd, m. hearth; center, focus, seat. 
Herde, /. herd, flock, drove; crowd. 
Herdfrisdiarbeit, /. ilron) refinery process. 
Herdfriachelsen, n. iron treated by the refinery 

Herdfriflchen, n. (Lead) reduction of litharge; 

ilron) refining in hearths, refinery process. 
Herdfrtocbprozess, m. (Iron) refinery process. 
Herdfriscbachlacke, /. refinery cinder (or sU^). 
Herdfrischatahl, m. fined steel. 
Herdguaa, m. open sand casting. 
Herdraam, m. heating dxamber. 
Herdaohle, /. hearth bottom, hearth bed, sole. 
herein, adv. in; come in. 
herftthren, vA. lead on, refresh (yeast); usheir in. 
Hergang, m. affair, circumstances. 
hergeben, vA. ddiver, yield. 
bergebracht, 9«a. established, conventional. 

herhaltMi, vA. hold out; suffer, pay. 

Hering, m;'lierring. 

Heringatran, m. herring oil. , 

Herkonunen, ti. origin, descent; usage, custom. 

Herkunft, /. origin; arrival. 

hwlelten, vA. derive; deduce; conduct. 

Hermelin, n. ermine. 

bermetisdb, a. hermetic. 

h«nacli, adv. afterwards, hereafter. 

Herr, m. master, lord; gentleman; Mr. 

h^Tichten, v.t, prepare, arrange, adjust; season 

herrlich, a. magnificent, grand, excellent. 

Herrllchkelt, /. grandeur, splendor, ezcdlence. 

herrachen, v.i. rule, reign; prevail. 

herrtthren, v.t. proceed, be due (to). 

herai^en, v.t, recite, repeat. 

Herat., aJbbrev. (HereteUung) production. 

hersteUen, v.t. produce, prepare, make, mianu- 
facture; restore. 

HersteilOT, m. producer, maker, manufacturer. 

Hersteilung, /. production, preparation, nwnu- 
facture; restori^ion, reoovory. 

Heratellungamittel, n. restorative. 

herttber, adv. over (here). 

h«ram, cub. round, about. 

heronter, adv. down (here); low. . 

herunterkommen, o.t. 'come down; decay. 

henmterlaasen, vA. let down, low»; (Brewing) 
strike out (wort). 

hemirteraetzen, vA. reduce; undervalue. 

hervor, adv. forth, forward, out. 

hervorbrhigen, v.t. produce, cause; bring forth. 

henrorgehen, v.t. arise, result; go forth. 

bervorheben, v.t. make prominent, emphasize; 

hervorragen, v.t. project; stand out, be promi- 
nent. — hervorragend, p.a. projecting; out- 
standing, signal, prominent. 

henriHTafen, v.t. call forth, bring about, pro- 
duce; develop (a photographic image). 

henroraCehend, p. a. prominent, projecting, 
standing out. 

hervortnn, v.r. distinguish oneself. 

Herz, n. heart. 

Hera-, heart, cardiac. k. 

Herzbeutel, m. pericardium. 

Herzbrftune, /. angina pectoris. 

herzen, v.t. embrace, hug, caress. 

Herzens-. cardiac; lof the heart; darling; in- 

Herzfell, n. pericardium. 

herzfdrmig, a. heart-shaped, cordate. 

Herzgekrose, n. mesocardium. 

Herzgespann, n. motherwort (Leonurua car- 

herzhaft, a. hearty; brave; strong (taste). 

Herzhant, /. (iiusaere) pericardium; (innere) 

herzig, a. hearty, dear, lovely. 




Herzkammer, /. ventride. 

Herzklappe, /. cardiac valve. 

herzlich, a. , heartfelt, hearty; loving. — odv, 
heartily; extremely. 

Herzog, m. duke. 

herzu, adx, here, hither, near. 

Herzvorhof, m., Herzvorkammer, /. auride. 

Herzwasser, n. pericardial fluid. 

hessisch, a. Hessian. 

heteroatomig, a. heteratomic 

heterocyclisch, a. heterocyclic. 

heterogen, a. heterogeneous. 

Heterogenitiit, /. heterogeneity. 

heterolog, a. heterologous. 

Heteroringbildung, /. formation of a ring (or 
rings) composed of atoms of different kinds. 

heterozyklisch, a. heterocyclic. 

hetzen, v.U hunt; set on. 

Hen, n. hay. 

Heuchelei, /. hyi>ocri8y. 

hencheln, v.i. feign, pretend, dissemble. 

heuer, ado. this year, this season. 

heuem, vJL. hire. 

heulen, o.t. howl, yell, roar. 

Heapferd, n. grasshopper. 

Henschrecke, /. locust. 

Heuschreckenbaum, in. locust tree. 

heute, adv. to-day. — ^heute abend, this evening; 
heute nacht, to-night. 

heutig, a. of to-day; modem. 

Hexaeder, n. hexahedron. 

Hexanaphten, n. hexanaphthene (cydohexane). 

Hexavanadins&ure, /. hexavanadic acid. 

Hexe, /. witch; hag. 

Hexenkraut, n. mandragora, mandrake; en- 
chanter's nightshade (Ctrc«a). 

Hexenkonst, /. witchcraft. 

HexenmeU, n. lycopodiiun, witch meal. 

Hexenmeister, m. sorcerer, wizard. 

Hexenschuss, m. lumbago. 

Hexinsaure, /. hexinic acid. 

hfeb, pre/, of hauen. 

Hieb, m. stroke, cut, slash. 

hielt, pre/, of halten. 

hier, adv. here. 

Meran, ado. hereon, hereat, at this, on this. 

hierauf, adt. hereupon, upon this. 

hieraus, adv. from this, hence. 

hierher, adv. hither, here, now. 

hierhin, adv. hither, this way. 

hiermit, adv. herewith, with it. 

hiemach, adv. hereafter, according to this. 

Hiersein, n. presence. 

hierttber, adv. over here, regarding this, on this 

hierum, adv. hereabout, concerning this. 

hierzo, adv. hereto, to this, moreover. 

hierig, a. of this place, in this place. 

hiess, 'pr^. of heissen. 

Hilfe,'/. help; relief; remedy. 

hilfloe, a. helpli 

hilfreich, a. hdpful. 

Hilfs-. assistant, auxiliary, accessory. 

Hilfsarbeiter, m. assistant, helper. 

Hilfsbeize, /. (Dyeing) asmstant. 

HUfsdiinger, m. auxiliary fertilizer. 

Hilfsgeld, n. subsidy. 

Hilfamittel, n. hdp, aid, expedient; (Med.) 

HUfsquelle, /. resource, expedient. 
Hilfsteilang, /. auxiliary graduation. 
HiIfsv<MTichtang, /. auxiliary contrivance or 

Himbeere, /. raspberry. 
Himmel, m. sky; heaven; climate. 
himmelblau, a. sky-blue, azure. 
Himmelbrot, n. manna. 
Himmelsgegend, /. quarter of the heavens, 

point of the compass. 
Himmelsgerste, /., Himmelskom, n. naked 

Himmelskorper, m. odestial body. 
Himmeiskunde, /. astronomy. 
Himmelsluft, /. ether. 
HImmelsmehl, n. earthy gypsum. 
Himmelsschliissel, m. primrose. 
Himmelsstrich, m. zone, dimate. 
himmlisch, a. cdestial, heavenly. 
bin, adv. there, thither, away, out, along, gone. 

— ^hin und her, hither and thither. — hin sund 

wieder, now uid again. 
hlnab, adv. down there, down, 
hinauf, cuiv. up. 
hinaus, adv. out; beyond. 
hinausschieben, v.t. push out, expel, 
hlnauswaschen, vU. wash out. 
Hinblick, m. look, view, regard. 
hinbrlngen, v.t. carry; pass (time). 
Hindernis, n. hindrance, obstacle, 
hindurdi, adv. thru, thruout. 
hinein, adv. in, inside. 
hineindringen» p.t. penetrate. 
hinfahren, v.i. go, drive (away or along) ; pass 

away, depart. 
hinflillig, a. decaying, perishable, weak. 
hinfort, adv. henceforth. 
hing, jtret. of hangen. 
hfngeben, v.t. give up. 
hingegen, adv. on the contrary. 
hingehen, v.i. go, pass. — ^hin- und hergehen, 

(Mech.) reciprocate, 
hinhalten, v.L hold out, hold off. 
hinken, v.i. limp, be lame; be imperfect, 
hinlftnglich, a. sufficient, adequate. 
hinreichen, v.i. suffice, do. — ^hinreichend, p.a. 

hinrelsaen, v.t. tear away, carry away. 
hinrichten, v.L turn, direct; execute; spoil, 
hinachreiben, v.i. write, write down. 
Hinsicht, /. respect, regard, view. 




hinsichtlich, ad9. with regard to. 

hintan* adv. behind, after. 

hinten, odf. behind. 

hinter, prep, behind. — adv. beliind, back. 

Hinter-. liind, posterior, back. 

Hinterbliebene, m. & f. survivor. 

hinterbrlngeii, v.t. give information of. 

Hinterdarm, m. rectum. 

hintereinander, adv. one after another, in suc- 
cession; ' (£7Iec.) in series. 

Hlnlereliianderschaltang, /. {Elec.) connection 
in series. 

hintergehen, v4. deceive. 

Hintergnmd, m. background. 

Hlnterhalt, nu reserve; ambush. 

Hlnterhanpt, n. occiput (back part of head). 

EUnterhaapts-. occipital. 

hinterher, adv. behind, after, afterward. 

BQnterkopf, m. occiput. 

hinterlaasen, v.t. leave behind, leave. 

hinterlegen, v.t. deposit, consign. 

Hinterleib, m. hind quarters; back, dorsum. 

Hinterllst, /. cunning, deceit. 

hinterst, a. hindmost, last. 

HIntritt, m. decease. 

hiniiber, <xdv. over, across, beyond. 

htnunter, adv. down (there). 

hinweg, adv. off, away. 

HInweg, m. way there. 

Hinweis, m. hint; reference. 

hinwerfen, v.L throw, throw down; jot down; 
drop (remarks). 

Unza, adv. besides, to it. 

hinzafiigen, {^.t. add,'sub|oin. 

hinznkomi^eii, Vt*. come tO, come toward, be 
added. — 'hinzukommend, p,a. additional, ad- 

Huizutritt, m. approach; appearance; accesdon. 

hipparsauer, a. of or combined with Mppuric 
add, hippurate of. 

Hippnrs&nre, /. hippuric add. 

Hirn, n. brain. 

Hfam-. cerebraL 

Htrnfett, n. cerebrin. 

Himholz, jfu wood cut across the grain. 

HirnsclUtdel, m., Hlrnschale, /. skull, cranium. 

HIrsch, m. stag, deer. 

Hirschdom, nu buckthorn iRhamnua eathar- 

WMchhom, n. hartshorn. 

Hirschhomgeist, m. spirits of hartshorn (aqua 

Hirschhornaalz, n. salt of hartshorn (commer- 
dal ammonium carbonate). 

Hirschhornschwan, n. hartshorn black (fine 

Hirschhornapiritiifl, m. » Hirschhomgeist. 

Hirschkalb, n. fawn. 

Hlrschkuh, /. hind. 

Hlrschleder, n. buckskin. 

HIrse, /. millet. 

Hirsefieber, n. miliaria. 

Hirseneisenstein, m., Hirsenerz, n. ofilitic 

Hirt, Hirle, m. shepherd, herdsman. 
Hirtentasche, /., Hirtent&schlein, n. shepherd's 

purse {Bursa buraa-paatoria). 
HIstochemie, /. histochemistry (chemistry of 

the tissues). 
Hitzc, /. heat; hotness; ardor, passion, 
hitzebesti&ndig, a. stable on heating; (of colors) 

fast to ironing or hot-pressing. 
Hitzeeinwirkung, /. action or influence of heat. 
Hitzegrad, m. degree of heat. 
Hitzegradmesser, m. pyrometer. 
Hitzegradmessung, /. pyrometry. 
Hitzemesser, m. pyrometer. 
HItzemessung, /. pyrometry. 
hitzen, v.t. heat. 
hitzig, a. hot; heating; inflammatory; acute; 

HI., abhrev. (Halbleder) half-leather. 
hob, j)ret. of heben. 
Hobel, m. plane. 
hobein, v.t. plane; smooth. 
Hobelsp&ne, m.pL shavings. 
hoch, a. high; tall; deep; great, sublime. 
hochblau, a. light blue, azure. 
Hochdruck, m. high pressure; relief printing. 
Hochebene, /. tableland. 
Hochemail, n. embossed enamel. 
hoehfarbig, a. high-colored. 
hochgeehrt, p.a. highly honored. — hocbgeehrter 

Herr, dear Sir. 
hochgespannt, p.a. at high tension, highly su- 
perheated, etc. (see spannen). 
Hochglanz, m. high polish orluster^ brilliancy. 
hochgradig, a. in high degree, intense. 
hochgriin, a. bright green. 
hochherzig, a. noble-minded, high-spirited. 
Hochkante, /. edge (of a brick or the like). 
hochkantig, a. & adv. on edge, edgewise. 
hochmolekular, a. of high molecular weight. 
Hochmut, m. haughtiness, pride. 
Hochofen, m. blast furnace. 
Hochofenbetrieb, m. blast-furnace operation. 
Hochofenschlacke, /. blast-furnace dag. 
hocbprozentig, a. high-percent, high-percentage. 
hochrot, a. bright red. 
hochnmd, a. convex. 
Hochschariach, m. cochineal scarlet* 
hoc^ischmelzend, p.a. high-mdting. 
Hoclischiile,/. a German higher school (college, 

institution, etc.; not high school). 
hochselig, a. late, deceased. 
hochsensibel, a. highly sendble (or sendtive). 
hochdedend, p.a. high-boiling. 
Hochspannung, /. high tendon. 
hikhst, a. highest; maximum; utmost. — euiv. 

most highly, extremdy. 







bdchfltens, adf. at most, at best. 

Hdchatfalle, m. maximum caae. 

hoehtrabend, p.a. pompous, bombastie. 

hoehTenfilrend, pui, (of yeast) high-attenuating. 

Hochwald, m. forest. 

Hochzeit, /. wedding. 

Hdcker, m. himip, bump, protuberanee; huck- 

hSckerig, a. knotty, knobby, rough; himeh- 
baeked. . 

Hode> /., Hodeii« m. testide. 

Hodensadc, m. sorotum. 

Hoif m, areola; halo; court; yard; farm; 

HoflTart, /. pride, insolence. 

holTen, v.L & t. hope for, hope. 

hoffentlich, adv. it is to be hoped, as I hope. 

Hoffnnng, /. hope. 

hdfllcfa, a. civil, courteous. 

Hdhe» /. height, altitude; head (of water); 
amount; summit. — in der Hdhe, on high. — 
in die Hdhe, up. 

Hoheit, /. highness; greatness. 

htther, a. higher; superior. 

hdherwertig, a. of higher valence, poljrvalent. 

hohl, a. hollow; concave. 

Htthle, /. cave, cavern; hole, cavity. 

hdhlen, vd, hollow, excavate. 

hohlerhaben, a. concavo-convex. 

hohlgescUiffen, p.a. hollow-ground, concave. 

Hohlgias, n. hollow glassware (bottles, tum- 
blers, etc.) ; concave g^ass. 

Hohlhand, /. palm (of the hand). 

Hohllinse, /. concave lens. 

Hohlmass, n. dry measure. 

Hohlprisma, n. hollow prism. 

Hohlraum, m. hollow space, empty space. 

hohirund, a. concave. 

Hohlschicht, /. air space. 

Hohlspat, m. chiastolite. 

Hohlspiegel, m. concave mirror. 

Hohlung, /. cavity, excavation. 

HohlweUe, /. hollow shaft. 

Hohldegel, m. hollow brick (or tile). 

Hohn, m. scorn, sarcasm, mockery. 

hold, a. kind, friendly, lovely, charming. 

Holder, m. = Holunder. 

holen, v.t. fetch, go for, get. 

hoU&ndern, v.t. beat in a hoUander. 

HollUnderweiss, n. Dutch white. 

hoU&ndisch, a. Dutch. — ^hollttndisches Gescfairr, 
(Paper) hollander. — ^h<rflftndi8ches Ol, hol- 
Ittndische FlUssigkeit, ethylene chloride. 

H«Ue,/. hell. 

H5llenttl, n. curcas oil (from Jatropha eureaa); 
castor oil; worst grade of olive oil. 

Httllenstein, m. lapis infemalis, lunar caustic 
(silver nitrate). 

Hollander, m. See Holunder. 

H<rioeder, n. holohedral form or crystal. 

Holoedrle, /. holohedrism. 

lioloedriadi, a. holohedraL 

holpalg, holprig, a. uneven, rough. 

Holunder, m. eider. — spanisdier (or tfiridachcr) 

Holunder, lHac. 
Holonderbeere, /. elderbory. 
Hois, ft. wood; timber; forest; thicket. 
lurizfthnilch, <i. wood-like, ligneous. 
HolxalkolH^, m. wood alcohoL 
Holzapfel, m. crab apple. 
holzartig, a. woody, ligneous. 
Holzasbest, m. ligneous asbestos. 
Holzascbe, /. wood ashes. 
H<rfz&ther, m. methyl ether. — esaigsaiir«r 

Holzftther, methyl acetate. 
Holzbeize, /. mordant for staining wood. 
Holzbranntwein, m. wood spirit. 
HolzbUclise, /. wooden box or case. 
Hdlzchen, n. splinter, splint; match. 
holzern, a. wooden; ligneous. 
Holzesslg, m.f Holzesslgsaure, /. wood vinegar, 

pyroligneous add. 
holzessigsauer, a. of or combined with pjrro- 

ligneous add, pyrolignite of. — holzessig- 

saures Eisen, iron liquor. 
Hirizfaser, /. wood fiber, ligneous fiber; wood 

pulp; = Holzfaserstoff. 
Holzfaserstoff, m. lignin; cellulose; lignooellu- 

Holzfuss, m. wooden base or foot. 
Hol^eist, m.. wood spirit, wood alcohol. 
H<rfzgestell, n. wooden stand, wooden frame. 
Holzgriff, m. wooden handle. 
Holzgummi, n. wood gum. 
holzicht, holzig, a. woody, ligneous. 
Holzkalk, m. pyrolignite of lime. 
Holzkasten, m. wooden box, case or vat. 
Hfrizkirche, /. wild cherry. 
Holzkistchen, n. wooden box. 
Holzklotz> m. wooden block, wood block. 
Holzkohie, /. charcoal (from wood). 
Holzkohlenklein, n. charcoal dust. 
Holzkohlenofen, m. charcoal oven. 
Holzkugel, /. wooden ball. 
Holzknpfer, Holzkupfererz, n. wood copper 

(fibrous olivenite). 
Holzlack, m. stick-lac. 
Holzmelaase, /. wood molasses. 
Holzdl, n. wood oil (Imy of various oils foimd 

in certain woods, also an oil obtained by 

destructive distillation). 
Holzopal, m. wood opal. 
H<rfzpappe, /• (Paper) board made from wood 

Holzrot, n. redwood extract. 
holzsauer, a. = holzessigsauer. 
Holzsfture, /. psrroligneous add. 
Holzschleifer, m. (Paper) wood-pulp grinder. 
Holzschliff, m, mechanical wood pulp. 
Holzschnitt, m. wood engraving, woodcut. 




H<rfnpMi« m. wood shaving, chip or boring. 
Holzspiiitas, m. wood spirit, wood alcohol. 
Holxstoff, m. wood pulp; cellulose (from wood). 
Holztafel, /. board. 
Holzteer, m. wood tar. 
HolztrlUilnuig, /. wood pickling. 
HolzTerkoUnngv/. carbonization of wood, char- 
coal burning. 
H<rfzzd]8t<^, m. lignoodluloee. 
Holzzeng, ti. wood pulp. 
Holzzinn, Hoizzinnerz, n. wood tin (fibrous 

Holzzucker, m. wood sugar, xylose. 
Homobrenzcaiechin, n. homopyrocatechol. 
homochrom, a. of uniform color, homochronif* 

ous; {Dyeing) monogenetic. 
homogen, a. homogeneous. 
Hmnogenitilt. Homogeneltkt, /. hom<%eneity. 
HomokafTeestture, /. homocaffeic acid. 
Homokamphersllnre, /. homocamphoric add. 
homolog, a. homologous. 
Homologle, /. homology. 
Homf^htalsHure, /. homophthalic acid. 
Honig, m. honey. 

honigartig, a. honey-like, melleous. 
Honigessig, m. oxymel. 
honigfarbig, a. honey-colored, 
honiggelb, a. honey-yellow. 
Honlghammhr, /. diabetes mellitus. 
Honigkuchen, m. gingerbread. 
Honigaaft, m. nectar. 
Honlgaeheibey /. hcmeycomb. 
Honigseim, m. liquid honey. 
Honigstein, m. honeystone, mellite. 
HonlgsCein^ure, /. mesUidc asid. 
Honigtrank, m. mead. 
Honigwasser, n. hydromel. 
Hopfen» m. hop, hops, 
hopfen, vd. hop, add hops to. 
Hopfenbamn, m. hop tree {Ptelea trifoUata), 
Hopfenbltter» n., -bittersHure, /., -bltter8t9ir, 

m. lupulin. , 
Hopfenharz, n. hop resin. 
Hopfenmehl, n. lupulin, hop dust. 
Hopfenmeliltau, m. hop blight. 
Hopfenfil, n. hop oiL 
Hopfenstaub, m. hop dust, lupulin. 
Hopfenatopfen, n. {Bretoing) dry hopping. 
Hopfentreber, pL spent hops. 
Hopfentrieb, m. (Brewing) frothy head, first 

stage of fermentation. 
hopsen, 9.t. hop, jump. 
hdrbar, a. audible. 

horchen, v.i. listen, hearken; eavesdrop, 
httren, vA. & i. hear. 
Horizont, m. horizon. 
HomUei, Honiblei«rz, n. phosgenite. 
httmem, a. of horn, homy. 
, Httmenr, m. auditory nerve. 
Homerz, n. horn silver (cerargyrite). 

Homgewebe, n. homy tissue. 

Homhant, /. cornea; homy layer of the skin. 

hornig, a. hornlike, homy, callous. 

Horniase, Homis, /. hornet. 

Homkobalt, n. asbolite. 

Hm-nmohn, m. horn poppy iGlaudum glau- 

Hornqueckailber, n. horn quicksilver (native 
mercurous chloride). 

Hornschicht, /. homy layer, specif., epidermis. 

Hornsilber, n. horn silver (cerargyrite). 

Homstein, m. homstone (variety of quartz). 

Hornstoff, m. keratin. 

Hdrrohr, n. ear trumpet; stethoscope. 

Hdrsaal, m. lecture room, auditorium. 

Hose, /. trousers, breeches. 

Hoeenband, n. garter. 

Hosenrohr, n. siphon pipe (<rf a hot-blast oven). 

Hosentrftger, m. suspenders, braces. 

hub, pret. of heben. 

Hub, m. lift, lifting; (Maeh.) stroke. 

Htibel, m. hillock, mound. 

httbach, a. pretty, handsome. 

Hnf, m. ho<^. 

Hufeisen, n. horseshoe. 

Hnfiattich« Huflattlg, m. coltsfoot. 

Hufnagel, horseshoe nail; hobnail. 

Hofscfalag, m. hoofbeat; horseshoeing. 

Hufschmied, m. horseshoer, farrier. 

Httftbein, n. hip bone. 

Httfte, /. hip; haunch. 

Hiiftloch, n. obturator foramen. 

Httftnerv, m. sciatic nerve. 

Hilgel, m. h^i hillock; knob, nodule. 

Huhn, n. hen; fowl. 

Hahnchen, n. chicken, pullet. 

Htthnerauge, n. com. 

Hfilinereiweiss, n. white of egg. 

hiihnerelwelssartig, a. like white of egg, albu- 

Huld, /. grace; kindness, favor. 

huldigen, v,u pay homage, devote onesdf. 

Httlfe, etc. See Hilf e, etc. 

Httlle, /. coyer, covering, case, casing, wrapper, 
env^ope, sheath. 

hiillen, v.t. cover, wrap. 

Htillrohr, n. encasing tube, jacket. 

Httlse, /. hull, husk, pod, shell, case; socket^ 

Hiilsenbaum, tn. locust tree. 

Hiilsenfrucht, /. legume. 

hiilsenfruchtartig, a. leguminous. 

Hiilsengew&chs, n. leguminous plant. 

Hiilsenpflanze, /. leguminous plant. 

Hummel, /. bumblebee. 

Hummer, m. lobster. 

hump^n, v.t*. hobble. 

Humpen, m. bumper, tankard. 

Hund, m. dog; hound. 

Hundekot, m. canine feces, album gnecum. 




hundert, a. hundred. 

Handertd, n. hundredth. 

hundertgradic a., centigrade. 

hnndertteilis, a. centesimal, centigrade. 

Hundezahnspat, m. dogtooth spar (variety of 

Hundakamine, /. dog's camomile, mayweed 
{Antkemis cotula). 

Hnndasungey /. hound's tongue (.CynogloBaum). 

Httne, m. giant. 

Hungerkom, n. ergot. 

HungersDot, /. famine. 

Hungersteln, m. salt-pan scale (sulfates of cal- 
cium and sodium, etc.). 

hnngrlg, a. hungry. 

hiipfen, vA. hop, jump. 

Hfirde, /. hurdle; pen. 

hurtig, a. quick, nimble, speedy* 

hasten, v.u cough. 

Hostenmittel, n. cough remedy. 

Hot, m. hat; cap, cover, lid, top; loaf (of 
sugar); scum (of wine). 

Hut, /. guard; pasture. 

hiiten, v.L watch, guard, keep. — o.r. take care. 

Hntfilz, m. hatter's felt. 

HatpDz, m. pileate fungus, agaricaceous fungus, 

Hfitte, /. (metallurgical or ^ass) works, miU, 
smdting house, foundry; hut, cabin, cottage, 

Hiittenafter, m. residue or refuse from a foun- 
dry or the like. 

Hiittenarbeit, /. smdting, founding; foundry 
work (distinguished from blast-lamp work, 
in glass). 

HUttenglas, n. (Glaas) pot metal. 

Httttenherr, m. owner of a smdtery or the 

Httttenkatze, /. lead colic. 

Hilttenkunde, /. metallurgy. 

Hiittenkondiger, m. metallurgist. 

Hiittenmann, m. metalliirgist. 

hiittenm&nnisch, a. metallurgical. 

Hilttennichts, n. nihilum albmn, white tutty 
(impure zinc oxide). 

Hiittenprobierkunst, /. metallurgical assaying. 

Hiittenprodukty n. metallurgical product. 

Httttenprozess, m. metallurgical process. 

HUttenpriifer, m. metallurgical assayer. 

Hflttenranch, m. smelter smoke; white arsenic. 

Hiittenreise, /. {Metal,) campaign. 

Httttentrichter, m. conical funnel (the common 

Hilttenwerk, n. smelting works, foundry, mill, 
plant, works (where smelting, founding, roll- 
ing, etc, are carried on). 

Hiittenwesen, n. smelting, metallurgy. 

Httttenzinn, n. (Metal.) grain tin. 

Hutzncker, m. loaf sugar. 

Hjradnthgranat, m. essonite. 

Hyllne, /. hyena. 

Hydantoins&ore* /. hydantoie add. 

I^drat, n. hydrate; hydroxide. 

Hydratation, /. hydration. 

hydrathaltlg, a. hydrated. 

hydratisch, a. hydrated. 

hydratislereii, vU, hydrate. — 9.r. become hy* 

HydratropaAure* /. hydratropic add. 

^dratwaaser, n. hydrate water, water of 

Hydraulik, /. hydraulics. 

hydrauliflch, a. hydraulic. 

Hydraaobenxol, n. hydrazobenzeiie. 

Hydraxoverbindang, /. hydrazo compound. 

Hydrid* n. hydride, esp. a high^ hydride, as 
contrasted with Hydrflr. 

hydrieren, vA. hydrogenize, hydrogenate. 

Hydrierong, /. hydrogenation. 

hydroaromatiach, a. hydroaromatic 

Hydrobrpms&are, /. hydrobromic add. 

Hydrodunon, n. hydroquinone. 

Hydrochinoxalin, n. hydroqidnoxaline. 

HydrochlonAare, /. hydrodiloric add. 

Hydrociimaron* n. hydrocoumarone, hydrocu- 
marone. ^ 

Hydrocamarsftnre, /. hydroooumarie (or -cu- 
maric) add. 

HydrocyansHiure, /. hydrocyanic add. 

Hydrojods&ore, /. hydriodic add. 

Hydrokaffeesaure, /. hydrocaffdc add. 

Hydrokette, /. (Elee.) hydrocell, hydroelement. 

Hydrolyse, /. hydrolysis. 

hydrolysieren, v4. hydrolyze. 

Hydroperoxyd, n. hydrogen peroxide. 

Hydrophtaiafture, /. hydrophthalic add. 

hydroschweflig, a. hydrosulfurous. 

Hydrothions&ure. /. hydrosulfurie add, hydro- 
gen sulfide. 

Hydroverbindung, /. hydro compound (com- 
pound formed by the. addition of 

Hydroxyd, n. hydroxide. 

Hydroxydul, ti. (-ous) hydroxide. 

hydroxylhaltig, a. containing hydroxyl. 

Hydrozimmtsfture, /. hydrodnnamic add. 

Hydrttr, n. hydride, specif., a lower hydride as 
contrasted with Hydrid. 

hygrometrisch, a. hygrometric 

hygroskopisch, a. hygroscopic 

Hygroskopizit&t, /. hygroscopidty. 

Hyperbel, /. hyperbola. 

Hyperchlorat, n. perchlohite. 

Hyperglnk&mie, /. hyperglycemia. 

Hypeijodat, n. periodate. 

Hyperoxyd, n. hyperoxide (peroxide). 

Hypogttasftiire, /. hypogeic add. 

Hypothek, /. mortgage, security. 

Hypothese, /. hypothesis. 

hypothettsch, a. hypotheticaL 


i., afrfrrev. (in) in; (im) in the; (irt) is. 

latrocheiiiie, /. iatrochemistry. 

Iatroclieiiiiker» m, iatrochemist. 

icii« pron, I. 

-icht. a suffix used with verb roots to form 
collective nouns (as FeilicM, filings, from 
feilen) and with nouns to form adjectives of 
quality, as SiidU, oily. In the latter sense 
tiie ending -Hg is more common. See -ig, and 
adjectives ending in -ig. 

Ichthyiriseife, /. iehthyol soap. 

LD., (Mrev. (im Dampf) in the form of vapor. 

-Id. -ids. (There is American authority for 
chlorid, amid, etc., but these spellings are not 
used by the American or London chemical 
sodeties. In any case the translation should 
be uniform, not -ide for some compounds and 
-id for others.) 

Idee, /. idea, notion, conception. 

identiscii, a. identical. 

IdomckerEAiire, /. idosaecharic acid. 

•ieren. -ate, -ize, etc. (the infinitive ending of 
a large numb^ of verbs, mostly of non- 
German origin, the meaning of which can 
often be easily guessed). 

-ig. an adjective suffix denoting quality or 
rdation; -y, -ous, -ed, -ful; as, 6\Uf, ofly; 
flUditiff, volatile, flying; zw&aeitig, two- 

Igd, m. hedgehog. 

-Igen. a termination of causative verbs 
formed from itdjectives and nouns; as, 
T&niffen (make pure) from rein; endigen 
(make an end of) from Ende. 

ihnen, pron. to them. 

Ihnen, pron. to you. 

ihr, pron. you; to her; her; their. 

Ihr, pron. your. 

ihrer, pron. of her; of them; hers; theirs. 

Ihrer, pron. of you. 

ihrerseita, adv. for its, her, or their part; in turn; 

QiriCe, pron. hers; theirs. 

Ihrige, pron. yours. 

t J., aibrev, (im Jahre) in the year. 

Ikositetraeder, n. ieoaitetrahedron. 

-it (Org. Ckem.) 41; as, anti, carbostyrti, etc 
Nilarfl (translated nitrile) is an exception. 

fltanlnleren, vjL illuminate. 

ffiustrieren, vJ. illustrate. 

ntis, m. polecat, fitchet iPutoriua). 

im, abbrep. (in dem) in the. 

imaginllr, a. imaginary. 

Imbibieren, v.t. imbibe. 

ImMfls, m. light meal, lunch. 

Imido-. imido-, imino- '(should be translated, 
imido- only when the compoimd is of imide 
nature, otherwise imino-). 

Imidoiither, m. imido ester. 

Imldoeulfoiislhire, /. imidosulfonic add (disul- 
famic add). 

Imidothio&ther, m. imido thio ester. 

Immedialschwarz, n. immedial black. 

immer, <tdv. always, ever. 

immerfort, adv. always, constantly. 

immergrttn, a. evergreen. 

Immergrttn, n. periwinkle (Vtnea). 

immerhin, adv. still, after ajl. 

Immerschtfn, n. everlasting, immortelle. 

immerw&hrend, p.a. everlasting, perpetual. 

immerzn, adv. always; go on! 

immunisieren, vU. immunize. 

Immunlslening, /. immunisation. 

Immnnit&t, /. immunity. 

Immonktfrper, m. immime body. 

Impf-. inoculation, vaccination. 

impfbar, a. inoculable. 

impfen, vd. inoculate; vaccinate; (of plants) 

Impffliissigkeit, /. inoculation lymph, vaccine 

Impfstift, m. inoculating pencil. 

Impfstoff, m. Inoculation senun, vaccine. 

Impf^ing, /. inoculation, vaccination. 

imponleren, v.t. impose, impress. 

imprilgnieren^ v.t. impregnate. 

ImprSgnlenmg, /. impregnation. 

imstande, a. able. 

in, prep, in, at; into, to. 

-In. a suffix used to form a feminine; as, Wir- 
Hn, hostess, landlady. 

-in. (as a chemical ending) -ine when the com- 
pound is a base, -in when it is not. Names 
of compounds of alcoholic nature are prefer- 
ably translated so as to end in -ol; as, 
Resorctn, resordnol. (Some American chem- 
ists translate this ending invariably -in.) 

Inafctf vlt&t, /. inactivity. 






Inbegriff, m. total, sum, mdun<m; scmiinary. 

Inbrnnst, /. ardor, fervor. 

indem, eonj. while, when; sinoe, because. 

Uidesaen, indes, adv. meanwhile; however. 

indianiwch, a. of India, Indian. 

Indlen, n. India. 

Indig, m. indigo. 

indlgen, a. indigenous. 

Indigolilaii, n. indigo blue. 

IndigoMsiischwefels&iire, /. indigosulfuric acid, 

stdfindigotic add (indigoeulf onic or indigodi- 

sulf<niic add). 
Indigitfarbstoff, m. indigo blue, indigotin. 
Indigokfipe, /. indigo vat, blue vat (solution of 

indigo white). 
Indigoleim, m. mdigo gelatin, indigo gluten. 
Indigorot, tii indigo red (indirubin). 
Indigosanre, /. indigotic acid. 
Indigoschwefelsaiire, /. = Indigoblauachwefel- 

Indigoetoff, m. indigo blue, indigotin. 
indigosnlfosi&iire, /. indigosulf onic add. 
Indigoweias, n. indigo white. 
Indigst^B, m. indicolite (blue tourmaline). 
^digweifls, ft. indigo white. 
Indikan, n. indican. 
indisch, a. Indian. — indische Feige, prickly 

pear. — indischer Flachs, jute. 
"Sodischgdb, n. Indian yellow. 
Indtochftanftinktur, /. tincture of Indian hemp. 
Individnnm, n. (pi. Indtviduen.) individual. 
^ndizes, m,pl, indices. 
in^zieren, v.t. indicate. 
Indozylschwefelsfture, /. indoxylsulfuric add. 
Indoktionsrolley IndnktionasiHile, /. induction 

Indaktionsstrom, m. induction current. 
IndaktionsvermJIgeii, n. inductive capadty. 
indnrieren, v.t. indurate, harden.. 
Indnstriezweig, m. branch of industry. 
indozieren, v.t. induce. 

ineinander, adv. into each other, into one another. 
infizieren, vJ. infect. 
infSknnd, a. sterile. 
infolge, prep, on account of, owing to. 
Infandierapparat, m. infusion apparatus. 
Infundierbuchse, /. infusion vessel, digester. 
infondieren, v.t. infuse. 

Infosorienerde, /. infusorial earth (kieselguhr). 
Ingenieur, m. engineer. 
Ingrediens, n., Ingredienz, /. ingredient. 
Inguss, m. ingot; ingot mold. 
Ingwer, m. ginger. 
Ingwergras, n. ginger grass. 
Ingwerol, n. ginger oil. 
Inhaber, m. holder, owner. 
inhalieren, v.t. inhale. 
Inhalt, m. content, contents; (of a surface) 

area; (of a body) volume; (of a vessel) 









'>me in- 


keep. — v.t. 


Inlialtsiiberaicht* /. 


Inhaltsveneicliiiis, -. 

inhomogen, a. inhoi 

Inhomogenltilt, /. in' 

Inttjal^trengatoff, m. < 

initiieren, «.(. initiate, 

b^ideren^ vA. inject. 

inkmstiereii* «.(. is 

InUUider, m. inlander; . • <^ - 

inUUidiscfa, a. native, i . >c/ •- 
domestic; inland. 

inmitten, adv. in the mii' 

inne^ adv. in. 

innehaben, «.(. hold, occupy, keep. 

innehalten* vjL confine; observe, 
stop, pause. 

innen, adv. within, in, at home. 

Innen-. internal, interior, inside, inner. 

Innendmck, m. internal pressure. 

Innenflilche, /. inner surface. 

Innenhaut, /. inner or intonial membrane 

Innenlettnng, /. inner drcuit. 

Innenmaiss, n. inside measure. 

Innenraom, m. interior space, interior. 

inner, a. internal; interior, inward, inner; 

innerhalb, adv. & prep, within. 

innerlich, a. inward, internal, interior; pro- 
found, sincere. 

Innewohnend, p.a. inherent. 

Innig, a. intimate; cordial, earnest, sincere. 

Inokulieren, v.t. inoculate. 

Inosins&nre, /. inosic add. 

in praxl. in practice. 

Insass, Insasse, m. inhabitant; inmate. 

insbesondere, ado. especially. 

Inschrif t, /. inscription. 

Insektenkunde, . Insektenlelwe, /. ento- 

Insel, /. island. 

insofern, eonj. so far as, inasmuch as. 

InstabO, a. unstable. 

instandig, a. earnest, urgent. 

Instruieren, v.t. instruct. 

integrieren, v.t. integrate. — integrierend, p.a. 
integrating, integrant. 

Intensitat, /. intensity. 

Interesse, /. interest. 

Interferenzbild, n. interference figure. 

Intermediar, a. intermediary, intermediate. 

intermlttlerend, p.a. intermittent. 

Interpdieren, v.t. interpolate. 

Intim, a. intimate. 

Inventar, n. inventory. 

Invertieren, v.t. invert. 

Invertzncker, m. invert sugar. 

inw&rts, ado. inwards. 




inwendig, a. inward, interior, internal. 

inwiefern? adv. in what respect? 

inwohnend, pM, inherent. 

inzwiachen, adv, meantime. 

lod, etc See Jod, etc 

lonenbewegUchkelt, /. ionic mobility. 

lonengeschwindigkeit, /. ionic velocity. 

loneni^elchang, /. ionic equation. 

Ibnenreaktion, /. ionic reaction. 

lonenrelbiuig, /. ionic friction. 

lonemq^tung, /. ionic deavi^^, ionization. 

lonenwanderong, /. ionic migration. 

lonenzostand, m. ionic state. 

loniaallonswilrme, /. heat of ionization. 

ioiiisch, a. ionic. 

ionlaierbar, a. ionizable. 

ioniaieren, vU. ionize. 

Tpaer Tieget. graphite crucible. 

irden, a. earthen. — irdenes Greschirr, earthen- 

Irdenware, /. earthenware. 

irdisch, a. terrestrial; earthly; perishable. 

-iren. = -ieren. 

irgend, adv. any, at all, spme. 

irgendwo, adv, anywhere, somewhere. 

iridialeren, vA. & i. = irisieren. 

Irisblende, /. iris diaphragm. 

irisieren, vU. irisate, iridize. — v.i. iridessei^ 

Iriaienuig, /., Irisieren, n. iridescence. 

tri&ndiach, a. Irish. 

Iron, n. irone. 

irrerA. & adv. astray. Wrong. 

Irre, /. wandering; labyrinth. — m. & /. 

irreftthrend, pji, misleading. 

irren, v.t. err, be wrong; be insane or delirious. 
-—v.r. be mistaken. — vd, mislead; puzzle; 

Irrenanatalt, /. lunatic asylum. 

Irrenarzt, m. alienist. 

Irresein, n. insanity. « 

Irrf ahrt, /. wandering, vagary. 

Irrgang, Irrgarten, m. labyrinth. 

irrig, a. erroneous, false. 

Irriebre, /. fa'se teaching, heresy. 

Irrilcht, n. will-o'-the-wisp. 

Irrainn, m. insanity; delirium. 

Irrtnm, m, error; mistake, fault. 

irrtfimlich, a. erroneous. — -adv. erroneously. 

irrtiimlieherwelse, adv. erroneously. 

isabellen, iaabellenfarbig, a. cream-colored, 
light bufif. 

Isttthionsfture, /. isethionic add. 

Isatropasiiiire, /. isatropic add. 

-isch. an adjective suffix equivalent to -ish (as 
weibisefc, womanish) and also used to form 
adjectives from proper names and fordgn 
words (as Schiff'scA^ Basen, Schiff bases; 
chemise^, chemical). 

MXndiiKih, a. Iceland, Icelandic. 

Isobatfersilare, /. isobutyric add. 

Isochinolin, n. isoquinoline. 

Isocrotonsftore, /. isocrotonic add. 

Isoeumarin, n. isoooumarin, isocumarin. 

Isocyansftnre, /. isocyanic add. 

Isocyanurs&ure, /. isocyanuric add. 

Isocydlsch, a. isocyclic. 

Isoeiektrisch, a. isoelectric. 

Isofemlas&ure, /. isoferulic add. 

Isohydrisch, a. isohydric. 

Isokamphers&ore, /. isocamphoric add. - 

Isolation, /. isolation; (EUc.) insulation. 

Is<^ation88toir, m. insulating material. 

Isolator, m. (Elec.) insulator. 

Is(4ieren, v.i. isolate; (£72ec.) insulate. 

iscrfog, a. isologous. 

isomer, a, isomeric. 

Isomc»rie, /. isomeritoi. 

Isomeriefall, m. case of isomerism. 

Isomeriemdgllchkeit, /. possibility of isomerism. 

Isomerisch, a. isomeric. 

Isomorph, a. isomorphous. 

Isomorphic,/., Isomorphismus, m. isomorph- 

Isop, m. hjsiMop. 

Isophtalsfture, /. isophthalic add. 

Isoptkrinsfture, /. isopicric add. 

Ifijopdl, n. hyssop oil. * 

Isopurpurins&ure, /. isopurpuric add. 

Isosmotisch, a. isosmotic. 

Isotonie, /. isotonidty. 

isotonisch, a. isotonic. 

Isozylol, n. isozylene. 

Isoxjdsfture, /. isoxylic acid. 

Isozimmts&are, /. isocinnamic add. 

last, pr. X & S sing, of essen. 

ist, pr. S sing, of sein. 

•it. -ite. (When it seems desirable to retain 
the exact spelling of a German name ending 
in -it, quotation marks should be used; as, 
thermite or " thermit." Names of alcohols 
ending in -it are preferably translated so as to 
end in -ol; as, mannitol.) 

Itaconstture, /. itaconic acid. 

Italien, n. Italy. 

italienisch, a. Italian. 

I. v., abbrev. (im Vakuum) in a vacuum. 

LW., abbrev. (innere Wdte) inside diameter 

J., dbhrev. of Jahresbericht der Chemie; (with- 
out period) symbol for iodine, I. 

Ja, adv. yes; indeed; certainly, by aU means. 

Jacht, /. yacht. 

Jacke, /. jacket. 

Jagarazacker, m. jaggery. 

Jagd* /. chase, hunt, hunting; huntsmen; 
game; hubbub. 

Jagdpnlver, n. sporting powder. 
' Jagen, vM hunt, chase; drive.— «.t. hunt; 

J&ger, m. hunter, sportsman; chasseur. 

J&h, a. steep, abrupt; hasty, sudden. 

JUilingB, adv. headlong; abruptly. 

Jahr, n. year. 

Jahrbuch, n. yearbook, annual; almanac; annal. 

Jahresbericht, m. annual report. 

Jahresfrist, /. space of a year. 

Jahresschrift, /. annual publication. 

Jahrestag, m. anniversary; birthday. 

Jahreswechsd, m. new year. 

Jahreszeit, /. season. ' 

Jahrg., abbrev. of Jahrgang. 

Jahrgang, m. year's course, year's set, year; 

Jahrhnndert, n. century. 

jIUirttch, a. yearly, annual. 

Jahrtaosend, n. mllieniiium, a thousand years. 

Jahrzehnt, n. decade. 

Jilhrzorn, m. violent passion. 

Jakobskraut, n. groundsel iSenecio), 

Jabipe, Jalappe, /. jalap. 

Jalapenharz, n. jalap resin, jalapin. 

Jalaplnsftore, /. jalapic add. 

Jammer, m. lamentation; misery, woe; pity. 

jftmmeriich, a. woeful, miserable, piteous. 

Jftmmem, v,i, lament. — vA. move to pity. 

Janusgriin, n. Janus green. 

Japanleren, vA. japan. * 

Japanisch, a. Japanese, Japan. 

Jasmin, m. jasmine, jessamine. — gemeiner Jas- 
min, wfld^ Jasmin, syringa. 

JasminbltttenM, n. jasmine-flower oil. 

Jaspacliat, m. jasper agate, jasper. 

Jas^s, m. jasper. 

Jasplagut* n. jasper ware. 

Jaspopal, m. jasper opaL 

Ji&ten, vU. weed. 

Janehe, /. dung water, liquid manure; iMed.) 

Jancineiif v,L shout, exult. 

JaveOe'sehe Lange. Javelle vnter, 

Jawohl, adv. yes, indeed; quite so. 

Je, adv. always, ever; every; apieee.-T-Je nadu 
according to. — Je . . . Je, the . . . the. 

Jedenfalis, adv. in any case, by all means. 

Jeder, pron. every, each, any; everyone, every- 
body, each. 

Jedeemai, adv. every time, always. 

Jedocli, adv. however, yet. 

Je^cher, pton. every, any, everything. 

Jemals, adv. ever, at any time. 

Jemand, pron. somebody, someone, anybody, 

Jener, pron. that, the other; that one, that 
person, the former. 

Jenseit, prep, beyond, on the other side of. 

Jesuitenrinde, /. Jesuit bark (cinchona bark). 

Jetxig, a. present. 

Jetzt, <idv. now, at present. 

Jewellig, a. for the time being. 

Joeli, n. yoke. 

Joehbaom, m. hornbeam. 

Jod, n. iodine. 

Jod*. iodine, iodide of, iodo-. 

Jodallyl, n. allyl iodide. 

Jodammonium, n. ammonium iodide. 

Jodandmon, n. antimony iodide. 

Jodarsen, n. arsenic iodide. 

Jodat, n. iodate. 

Jod&thjd, n. ethyl iodide, iodoethane. 

Jodaiid, n. iodine azide. 

Jodbaryiim, n. barium iodide. 

Jodbemnrf, n. iodobenzene (CtHcI or, in general, 
any iodhie derivative of benzene. Cf . Jodq- 

Jodi>lei, ft. lead iodide. 

Jodbramid, n. iodine bromide. 

Jodcadmium, n. cadmium iodide. 

Jodcaldnm, n. calcium iodide. 

Jodcliinoiin, ft. iodoquinoiine. 

Jodchlor, ft. iodine chloride. 

Jodchlorid, ft. iodine chloride, esp. iodine tri- 

Jodchlorttr, ft. iodine monochloride. 

Jodcyan, ft. cyanogen iodide. 

Joddampf, rh. iodine vapor. 

Jodeisen, ft. iron iodide. 

Jodgehalt, m. iodine content. 

Jodg<rid, ft. gold iodide. 

Jodgrttn, ft. iodine green. 

Jodhalrig, a. containing iodine, iodiferoua. 





Jodhydrat, n. hydriodide. 

Jodid, n. iodide (esp. an -ie iodide, as con- 
trasted with JodUr). 

Jodidchlorid, n. iodochloride. 

Jodieren, v.t. iodize, iodate. 

Jod^odat, n. iodine iodate. 

jodimetrisch, a. iodimetric. 

Jodismus, m, iodism. 

Jodit, m, iodite (iodyrite, Agl). 
' Jodkadminm, n. cadmium iodide. 

Jodkalimn, Jodkali, n. potassium iodide. 

Jodkalrinm, n. calciimi iodide. 

Jodkn^er, n. copper iodide. 

Jodldsung, /. iodine solution. 

Jodmagpeaiiim, n. magneeiiun iodide. 

Jodmetall, n. metallic iodide. 

Jodmethyl, n. methyl iodide, iodomethane. 

Jodmittel, n. iodiferous remedy. 

Jodnatrimn, n. sodium iodide. 

Jodo-. iodoxy-. 

Jodobenzoesilure, /. iodoxybenzoic add. 

Jodobenzol, n. iodojEybenzene (C<HfiI02). 

Jodoform, n. iodoform. 

Jodol, n. iodol. 

Jodometrie, /.. iodometry. 

jodometrisch, a. iodometric. 

Jodonaphtalin, n. iodoxynaphthalene. 

Jodoniiim, n. iodonium. 

Jodoso-. iodoso-. 

Jodosobenzol, n. iodosobenzene (CeHtlO). 

Jodoxy-. iodohydroxy-. 

Jodoxynaphtochinon, n. iodohydroxynaphtho- 
quinone, CioHiOsCOH)!. 

Jodphosphoninm, n. phosphoniimi iodide. 

Jodphosphor, m. phosphorus iodide. 

Jodphtal£iiitre, /. iodophthalic add. 

Jodprobe, /. iodine test. 

Jodqaeckfiilber, '«. mercury (esp. mercuric) 

Jodradium, n. radium iodide. 

Jodsalbe, /. iodine ointment. 

Jodaauer, a. of or combined with iodic add, 
iodate of. 

Jodi^nre, /. iodic add. 

Jodscbwefel, m. sulfur iodidci.' 

Jodsilber, n. silver iodide. 

Jodailiziimi, n. silicon iodide. 

Jodst&rke, /. starch iodide, iodized starch. 

Jodstickstoff, m. nitrogen iodide. 

Jodtinktor, /. tincture of iodine. 

JodUriiKri, n. iodotoluene. 

Jodllr, n. (-ous) iodide. Cf. ChlorUr. 

Jodverbindung, /. iodine compound. 

Jodwasserstoff, m. hydrogen iodide; hydriodic 
. add. 

Jodwaflserstoff&ther, m. ethyl iodide. 

Jodwaflserstoffsftiire, /. hydriodic add. 

Jodwiflumt, m. & n. bismuth iodide. 

Jodyrit, m. iodyrite. 

JocbsaU, /. iodine number. 

Joddmmtsiliire, /. iododnnamic add, 
Jodzink, n. zinc iodide. 
Jodzinn, n. tin iodide. 
Jodrinnober, m. red mercuric iodide. 
Johannisbeere, /. currant. 
Johannisbrot, n. St.-John's-bread (carob bean). 
Johanniskraat, n. St.-John's-wort. 
Johanniswurzel, /. male fern, {Pharm.) aspid- 

Johlen, jolen, v.i. howl, hoot, roar. 
Jon, n. ion (for compounds see Ion-). 
Jonimn, n. ionium. 
Jonon, n. ionone. 
Jabel, m. jubilation. 
Jubelband, m. jubilee volume. 
Jubelfeier, /., Jubelfest, n. jubilee. 
Jncht, Juchten, Juchtenleder, n. Russia leather, 
'jucken, vJ. & t. itch. — «.r. scratch, rub. 
Jucken, n. itching, pruritus. ' 
Jude, m. Jew. 

Jnden,,MeialS) refinery scraps. 
Judendornbeere, /. jujube, zizyphus. 
Judenharz, n. = Judenpech. 
^udenkirsche, /. ajkekengi (Physalia). 
Judenpech, n. Jew's pitch (asphalt). 
JudenpUz, Judenschwamm, m. a spedes of 

Jiidisch, a. Jewish. 
Jugend, /. youth; adolescence, 
jugendllch, a. youthful, juvenile. 
Juli, m. July. 
jung, a. young; fresh, early; new (wine or 

beer); overpoled (copper). 
Jungbier, n. new beer. 
Junge, m. boy, lad, youth; apprentice; young 

(of animals), cub, etc. 
Jttnger, m, disdple, follower, votary. 
Jungfer, /. virgin, maid; chambermaid. 
Jungfer-, Jungfem-. virgin; native. 
Jungfemglas, n. selenite (transparent gypsum). 
Jungfemmetall, n. native metal. 
Jungfemdl, n. virgin oil. 
Jungfemschw^el, m. virgin sulfur, native sul- 

Jungfemzeagimg, /. parthenogenesis. 
Jongfrau, /. Virgin, maid. 
Jiftiggesell, m. bachelor. 
Jiingling, m. yoimg man, youth. 
Jiingst, a. youngest, last, latest.-— ado. latdyv 

Juni, m, June. 

Junker, m. young nobleman; squire. 
Jusderen, vA. adjust; justify (type). 
Justiertisch, m, adjusting table. 
Justiz, /. justice. 

Justizwesen, n. the law, legal affairs. 
Jnwei, n. jewel. 
Juwelier, m. jeweler. 
Juwellerarbeiten, f.pL jewelry. 
Jux, m. filth; spree, lark. 


Ic o66f0v. (kalt) cold; (kaiwriieh) imperial; 
(kOnislieh) royal; (as symbol, no period) 

K.* abbrev, (elektrisehe Dissociationskon- 
stante) electric dissociation constant; (kaiser- 
lieh) imperial; (kOniglich) royal. 

Kabd, n. cable. 

KabeUan, m. cod, codfish. 

Kab^aolebertran* Kabiianlebatran, m. cod- 
liver oil. 

Kachel, /. (Dutch) tUe. 

Kaddic, Kaddlch, m. cade iJunx'perua oxyce- 

Kaddicftl, n. oil of cade. 

KadeiM, Kadinol, KadiSl, n. oU of cade. 

Kadmlnm, n. cadmium. 

kadmin mh alti g , a. containing cadmium, cad- 

KadmianUodid, n. cadmium iodide. 

Kilfer, m. beetle, coleopter. 

kilferartig, a. coleopterous. 

Kaffee, m. coffee. 

Kaffeebaum, m. coffee tree. 

Kaffeebohne, /. coffee bean. 

Kaffeegerb(Aure, /. caffetannic add. 

Kaffieekanne, /. coffee pot. 

Kaffeektatsch, m. coffee party. 

KaffeeM, n. coffee oil. 

Kaffeeaatz, m. coffee grounds. 

Kaffees&iire, /. caffeic add. 

Kaflein, n. caffeine. 

Kilfig, m. cage, birdcage. 

kaU, a. bald; bare; barren; (of fabrics) nap- 
less; mere, poor. 

Kahm, m. mold (on wine, etc.). 

kahmen, v.i. mold. 

Kahnihaut, /. pellide of mold. 

kahmig, a, moldy, stale, (of wine) ropy. 

Kahn, m. boat. 

kahnfdrmig, a. boat^haped, scaphoid. 

Kai, m. quay. 

Kaiiikawurzel, /. cahincaroot. 

Kaiser, m. emperor. 

Kaiser-, imperial; Csesarean. 

Kalserblau, n. smalt. 

Kalsergelb, n. mineral ydlow. 

Kaisergriin, n. imperial green (Paris green). 

kaiserlich, a. imperial. 

Kaiserreich, n. empire. 

Kaiserrot, n. eoleothar; imperial red (a dye). 

Kaiaerwnrx, /. masterwort (spedf., Imperatoria 

Ki^japatSI, KaJepatiH, n. cajuput oil. 

Kajilte, /. cabin. 

Kakadu, m. cockatoo. 

Kakao, m. cacao; cocoa. 

Kakaobanm, m. cacao, cacao tree. 

Kakaobohne, /. cacao bean, cocoa bean. 

Kakaobatter, /. cacao butter, cocoa butter. 

Kakaomaase, /. cocoa paste. 

Kakaopnlyer, n. cocoa powder. 

Kakodyl, n. cacodyl. 

Kal., abbrev. (Kalorie) large or kilogram cal<nie, 

Kalabarbohne, /. Calabar bean. 

Kalamin, m. calamine. 

Kalandw, m. calender. 

kalandem, vJ. calender. 

Kalb, n. calf. 

K&lberlab, n., Kiilbermageii, m. rennet. 

Kalbfell, n. calfskin. 

Kalbflelsch, n. veal. 

Kalbleder, n. calf Qeather). 

kaldnieren, vM calcine. 

Kaldniemng, /. calcination. 

Kaldt, m. caldte. 

Kaldimi, n. caldum. 

Kaldaune, /. tripe; (pi.) guts. 

Kalender, m. calendar; almanac. 

k^atem, vA. calk. 

KJah, n. (caustic) potash, potassium hydroxide; 
potash (KsO; equivalent in old names of 
salts to potassium; as, chlorsaures Kali, 
dilorate of potash, potassiiun chlorate); 
saltwort (ScUsola kali). 

Kalialann, n. potash alum (common alum). 

Kaliapparat, m. potash apparatus. 

Kaliblan, n. Prussian blue. 

kalibrieren, v.t. calibrate; groove (a roll). 

Kalidiinger, m. potash manure (or fertilizer). 

Kalidiingesalz, n. potassium salt for fratilizing. 

Kalieiaencjranttr, n. potassium ferrocyanide. 

Kaliform, /. potash mold. 

Kaliglas, n. potash glass. 

kallhaltig, a. containing potash. 

Kalihydrat, n. potassium hydroxide. 

Kalikalk, m, potash lime. 

KaUkodmck, m. calico printing. 






Kalikagel, /. potadi bulb. 

Kalilauge*/. pota^ lye, caustic potash solution* 

ESUmetan^fi. (metanidT potassium. 

KaUsalpeter, m. saltpeter, {jotassium nitrate. 

Kalfaalg, n. potash salt, potassium salt. 

KalisaUager, n. bed or deposit of potash salts. 

Kaiischwefi^eber, /. (Pharm,) sulfurated po- 
taasa, liver of sulfur. 

Kalis^fe, /. potash soap. 

KaHam, n. potassium. 

Kfilhimffl^ii«, m. potassium alum (ordinary 

KalinralM^chweiiistefai, m. antimonyl potas- 
sium tartrate. 

Ktlfa™ bromatom. (Pharm.) potassium bro- 

Kaliiim cUoratom. iPhamu) potassium chlo- 

yalinm cUoricum. {Phorm.) potassium chlorate. 

Kaliiimdsencyaiiid, n, potassium ferricyanide. 

Kallnmeisencyaniir, n. potassium ferrocyanide. 

Kaliumferrisiilfat, n. ferric potassium sulfate. 

Kaliumgoldbromiir, n. potassium aurobromide. 

Kalinmgoldcyanid, n. potassium auricyanide, 
potassium cyanaurate. 

Kallnmgoldcyanlir, n. potassium aurocyanide. 

Kallumhalocen, n. potassium halide. 

Kalinmhydrat^ n. potassium hydroxide. 

Kalinmhydrid, n. potassium hydride (KS). 

Kaliomliirdriir, n. potassium subhydride (K2H 

Kalinmiridiclilorid, n. potassium iridichloride, 
potassium chloriridate. 

KalimiUodat, n. potassium iodate. 

K*M«»« Jodstum. (Pharm.) potassium iodide. 

KaUomJodid, n. potassium iodide. 

KaUamkobaltnitrit, n. potassium cobaltinitrite. 

Kalinmkohlenoxyd, n. potassium carboxide, 
potassium hexacarbonyl. 

yftHnm nitricom. (Pharm.) i>otassium nitrate. 

Kaliam nitrosom. {Pharm.) potassiu^i nitrite. 

Kaliuraoxydhydrat. n. potassium hydroxide. 

Kallumplatinchloridy n. potassium platinichlo- 
rida (potassium chloroplatinate). 

Kaliumplatincyanttr, n. potassium platinocyan- 

KalimnplatiiiocMorid, n. potassium platino- 
chloride (potassium ddoroplatinite). 

KaUnmrliodanat, -rhodanid, n. potassium thio- 
cyanate (orsidfocyanate). 

KalHimimlit, n. potassium salt. 

Kattamyerfaindiiiig, /. potassium compound. 

KallmnwaaBerstoff, m. potassium hydride. 

KafimiuTaiiid, n. potassium cyanide. 

KaliTerbindiuig, /. potash compound. 

Kalk, m. lime (equivalent, in old names of 
salts, to calcium; as, phosphorsaurer Kalk, 
phosphate ol lim«, calcium phosphate) ; lime- 
stone; (Old Chem,) calx. — geldschter Kalk, 
dUoBd Ihne. — gdbnumter Kalk, quicklime. 

Kalkanatrlch, m, whitewash. 

fcalkarm, a. deficient in lime. 

kalkartig, a. calcareous, limy. 

Kalkilscher, m. (Soap) lixiviated ashes, soap 
waste; (Leather) lime pit. 

Kalkback, m. (Sugar) lime back. 

Kalkbenche, /. (BUacMng) lime boil. 

Kalkbewurf, m. coat of plaster, plastering. 

KalkMau, n. blue verditer. 

Kalkboden, m. lime soil, calcareous soil. 

Kalkborat, n. calcium borate. 

Kalkbrei, m. lime paste, lime cream. * 

Kalkbrennen, n. lime burning. 

Kalkbrennerei, /. lime kiln. 

Kalkbmch, m. limestone quarry. 

Kalkbrtthe, /. milk of lime; whitewash. 

K&lke,/. (Leather) time. 

kalkecht, a. fast to lime. 

Kalkeisenstein, m, ferruginous Umestone. 

kalken, kiUken, v.L lime. 

Kalkerde, /. lime, calciimi oxide. 

Kalkf&Ilung, /. precipitation of lime. 

kalkfrel, a. free from lime 

Kalkglas, n. lime glass. 

■Kalkgranat, m. lime garnet (grossularite). 

Kalkgoss, m. thin time mortar, grout. 

kaikha^ig, a. containing lime, calcareous. 

Kalkhiitte, /. lime kihi. 

Kalkhydrat, n. hydrate of lime (Calcium hydrox- 

kalkig, a. limy, calcareous. 

Kalklicht, n. lime light, calcium light. 

Kaikldschen, n. lime slaking. 

Kalkldsong,/. solution of lime (calcium hydrox- 

Kalkmehl, n. lime powder (air-slaked lime). 

Kalkmesser, m. calcimeter (for determination 
of carbon dioxide in limestone, etc.). 

Kalkmilch, /. milk of lime. 

Kaikofen, m. lime kiln. 

Kaiksalpeter, m. calcium nitrate. 

Ejdksalz, n. lime salt, calcium salt. 

Kalksandstein, m. calcareous sandstone; 
(Ceram.) sand-time brick. ' 

Kalksauerbad, n. (Bleadiing) lime sour. 

Kalkschaum, m. time froth or scum. 

Kalkschlamm, m. lime sludge. 

Kalkschwefelleber, /. (Pharm.) sulfurated lime, 
lime hepar. 

Kalkseife, /. lime soap, calcium soap. 

Kalksinter, m. calcareous sinter. 

Kalkspat, m. calo-spar, calcite. 

Kalkstein, m. limestone. 

Kalkst^ngut, n. (Ceram.) calcareous white ware. 

Kalkstickstoff, m. (crude) calciiun cyanamide, 
" time-nitrogen." 

Kalkverbindnng, /. lime compound, calcium 

Kalkvasser, n. limewater. 

Kalmie. /. mountain laurel (Kaimia laHfoKa). 



Kalorimetrie, /. calorimetry. 

kalorimetrisch, a. calorimetric 

kalt, a. cold; cooL — kalter Sstz, (Brewing) eold- 
water e3ctract of malt. 

kaltbliisig, a. (Metal.) refractory. 

KaltMflter, cold-blooded animalB. 

Kaltbmeh, m. cold-shortness. 

kaltbrfichitf, a. cold-short. 

KJilte, /. cold, coldness. 

kftlteempftndlich, a. sensitive to cold. 

kiUteerzengend, pM. frigorific. 

KiUteerzeugong, /. production of cold, refrig- 

Kiiltegrad, m. degree below asero. 

KMIteleistimg, /. refrigerating capacity. 

Kaltemaschine, /. refrigerating machine. 

Kiiltemischang, /. freezing mixture. 

IdUten, v.t. chill, ice. 

KiUtetrftger, m. cooling medium. 

Kalthefe, /. wild yeast. 

kalzinieren, r.<. calcine. 

Kalzit, n. caldte. 

K«l«inm,n. calcium. 

Kalzlom-. See Calcium-. 

kam, pret. of kommen. 

Kambaholz, n. camwood. 

kambrisch, a. Cambrian. 

Kamri, n. camel. 

Kamerad, m. comrade, fellow. 

kameradschaftlich, a. sociable. 

Kamille, /. camomile. 

Kamin, m. chimney, stack; fireplace. 

Kamm, m. comb; cog (of a wheel). 

kJUnmen, vJ. comb; card; notch. 

Kammer, /. chamber; room; ventricle (of the 

Kammerchen, n. little chamber, closet. 

Kammerdiener, m. valet. 

K&mmerei, /. board of finances, exchequer. 

KAmmerer, m. chamberlain; treasurer. 

Kammerkristall, m. chamber crystal. 

Kammerprozess, m. chamber process. 

E^ammersaore, /. chamber add. 

Kammerschlamm, m. chamber sludge. 

Kammersohle, /. chamber floor. 

Kammertuch, n. cambric. 

Kammerwesen, n. finances. 

kammfdrmig, a. comb-shaped. 

Kammgarn, n. worsted. 

Kammgras, n. dog's-tail. 

Kammkles, m. cockscomb pyrites (variety of 

Kammmuschel, /• scallop. 

Kammrad, n. cog wheel. 

Kammwolle, /. carded wool. 

Kampagne, /. campaign. 

Kampane, /. bell jar. 

Kampeschehidz, n. campeachy wood (log- 


r, m. combat, conflict, battle, fight. 

U&mpfeii, v.t. battle, cont^id, fight. 

Kampfer, m. camphor (for compounds see Kam- 

Kampfer, m. combatant, fighter. 

Kampfgas, n. gas used in warfare, war gas. 

Kam^hahn, m. gamecock. 

KampfjpbUz, m. fidd of battle, arena. 

Kampher, m. camphor. 

Kamplieresaig, m. camphorated vinegar. 

Kampherg^st, m. spirit of camphor. 

kampherhaltig, a. containing camphor, cam- 

kamphem, vJ. camphorate. 

Kamph«x»l, n. camphor oil. 

Kampherphoron, n. camphorphorone. 

Kamphersiiare, /. camphoric add. 

Kamphers^ritos, m, spirit of camphor. 

Kamphersiiare, /. camphoric add. 

Kanal, m. canal; channel; conduit; sewer. 

Kanalgas, n. sewer gas. 

Kanalisatlonsrohr, n., -rdlu-e, /. sewer pipe, 
water pipe, gas pipe, or electric conduit. 

Kanaljauche, /. (liquid) sewage. 

Kanalofen, m. tunnel kiln. 

Kanalstrahl, m. canal ray. 

Kanapee, n. couch, sofa. 

Kanarien-. canary. 

Kandelaber, m. chandelier. 

kandi«-en, v.t. candy. 

Kandis, Kandiszucker, m. sugar candy. 

Kaneel, Kanel, m. dnnamon. — braniier Kaneel, 
Ceylon dnnamon. 

Kanedgranat, Kaneelstein, m. dnnamon stone 

Kanellarlnde, /. canella bark. 

Kaninchen, n. rabbit. 

kann, pr. 1 &S aing. of kSnnen. 

Kanne, /. can; jug, pot, liter. 

kannelleren, v.t, channd, flute, groove. 

Kannenann, n. pewter. 

kannte, pret. of kennen. 

Kanone, /. cannon, gim. 

Kanonengut, Kanonenmetall, n. gun metal. 

Kanonenpulver, n. cannon powder. 

Kante, /. edge; border, britn; lace. 

kanten, vd. edge, border; square (stones) ; cant, 

kantenwelse, adv. edgewise, on edge. 

Kanthar-. See Canthar-. 

kantig, a. edged, angular. 

Kanzel, /. pulpit. 

Kanzlei, /. chancery. 

Kanzleitinte, /. record ink. 

kaolinisieren, v4. kaolinize. 

Kaolinisierung, /. kaolinization. 

Kaoutschuk, m. caoutchouc, rubber. 

Kap., abbrev. (Kapitel) chapter. 

Kap, m, cape. 

Kapaun, m. capon. 




Knpaiiffit, /. capacity. 

Kapelle, /. cupd; sand bath; aubliming diah; 
capsule; priming cap; chapd; band. 

KapeDenasche, /. bone ash. 

KapeUenform, /. cupel mold. 

KapeUengoldt n. fine gold. 

Kap^enofen, m. cupelling furnace, assay fur- 
nace; sublhnation furnace. 

Kapellenprobe, /. cupel test, cupellation. 

KapeUenraub, m. loss in cupellation. 

Kapellensflber, n. fine silver. 

KapeUentriiger, m. cupd holder. 

Kapdlenzug, m. =* KapeUenraub. 

kapdtteren, vA. cupel. 

Kaper, m. captor; privateer; pirate. 

kapem, vA. capture. 

kapfllar, a. capillary. 

Kapfllar, n. capillary. 

KapaiarafBnit&t, /. capillary afSnity. 

KapDlaranalyae, /. capillary analysis. 

KapUlarflasche, /. capillary bottle or flask.- 

Kapillargefliss, n. capillary vessel. 

Kapillaritilt, /. capillarity. 

KapillarkrafI, /. capillary force. 

Kapillarrohr, n., -rdhre, /. capillary tube. 

Kapillarspaimnng, /. capillary tension. 

Kapitiin, m. captain. 

Kapitel» n. chapter. 

Kappe, /. cap; hood; top, dome, crown, etc. 

kappdn, vd. top. 

kappen, «.f. top (trees); cut; caponize. 

Kappenflaache, /. bottle with cap. 

KaprimAnre, etc See Caprinsfiiu'e, etc. 

Kapride, /. caper, trick. 

Kapsel, /. capsule; case, box; (priming) cap; 
{Founding) chiU, mold; (jCaram.) sagger. 

kapaelartig, kapeelfSrmig, a. capsular. 

Kapselgoas, m. casting in chills; chilled work. 

Kapeeiton, m. sagger day. 

kaputt, a. broken, lost, ruined, done for. 

Kapnae, /. cape; cowl. 

Kapnziiier, m. Capuchin. 

Kapiiziiierkrefise» /. Indian cr o s s , nasturtium. 

Kapwein, m. Cape wine. 

karaibiach, a. Caribbean. 

Karamel, m. caramel. 

Karatgewicht, n. troy weight. 

karatieren, v.i. alloy (gold). 

-karatig, -karHtig, a. -carat (as achtzehnibaraftV* 

Karb-. See Carb-. 

Kardamom, m. cardamom. 

Karfreitag, m. Good Friday. 

Karf^mkd, m. carbuncle. 

karg, a. stingy, dose; poor (soil). 

kargen, v.i. be sparing. 

kilrf^cli, a. sparing, spare, scanty. 

karmealB, a, crimson. 

Karmio, m. carmine. 

Karminrot, n. carmine red. 

Karminaaare, /. carminic add. 

karmoisin, a. crimson. 

Kamallit, m. camallite. 

Karnaubawachs, n. camauba wa3L 

Karneol, m. camelian. 

Kamies, m. cornice. 

kamtisch, kHrntnerisch, a. Carinthian. 

Karo, n. check, checker, square. 

Karotte, /. carrot. 

Karpfen, m. carp. 

Karre, /. whedbarrow; cart. 

Karren, m. cart; wheelbarrow, truck. 

KarrnMr, m. carter, drayman. 

Karst, m. mattock, hoe. 

Kartaoserpulyer, n. Carthusian powder (kermes 

Karte, /. card; qiap; thicket; cart; menu; 

Kartenblatt, n. card. 

Kartenpapier, n. cardboard. 

Kartoffd, /. potato. 

Kartoffelbranntwefai, m. potato spirits. 

Kartoffelbrei, m. mashed potatoes. 

Kartoffdmehl, n. potato flour. 

Kartoffelstilrke, /. potato starch. 

Kartoffelzacker, m. potato sugar (glucose from 
potato starch). 

Karton, m. carton, (paste) board; carton, paste- 
board box. 

kartonieren, v.t. bind in boards. 

Karwoche, /. Passion Week. 

Kaschmir, m. cashmere. 

kaschutieren, vJ. dye with catechu or cutch. 

Kaae, m. cheese; cheese-shaped object, as a 
disk of fireday used as a crudble stand. 

kftseartig, a. cheesy, caseous. 

Kiseiab, n. rennet. 

kllsen; v.i. curd, curdle. 

K&sepappel, /. wild mallow {Malva aylvettrit), 

Kaseme, /. barracks. 

Kases&ore, /. lactic add. 

Kiksestoff, m. casein. 

Kasewasser, n. whey. 

kMsig, a. dieesy, caseous, curdy. 

Kaskarillenrlnde, /. cascarilla bark. 

kaspisch, a. Caspian. 

Kasse, /. (money) box, chest, safe; cash; pay 
office, ticket office, etc. 

Kasseler Erde. Cassd eart^. 

Kassenfiihrer, m. cashier. 

Kasseroile, /. casserole. 

Kassette, /. sagger; casket, coffer. 

Kassia, Kassie, /. cassia. 

KasdenblUten, cassia buds. 

Kassienrinde, /. cassia bark. 

Kassierer, m. cashier, treasurer, ticket agent. 

Kaaslnspurpnr, m. purple of Cassius. 
^--i^astanie, /. chestnut. 

kastanienbraun, a. chestnut brown, chestnut. 

Eiastchen, n. little chest, casket; alveolus. 




Kaaten, m. diest, box, case, tru i . 
bade, beck; crucible (of a fur 
ing) flask; (jCeram.) sagger; ( • . . ■ j^^t 

Kastenblau, n. pencQ blue (lnc>. • pr .- 

duoed by vat dyeing). 

Kastortti, n. castor oil. 

katalonisch, a. Catalan. 

KatalysaUMTy m. catalyzer. 

Katalyse, Katalysis, /. catalyna. 

katalysieren, vA. catalyse. 

katalytisdi, a. catalytic 

Kataphorese, /. cataphoresis. 

KatecUns&iire, /. catechuic acid (cate- .<- 

Katechngerbs&nre, /. catechutannic at i. 

KatechufiAure, /. catechuic add (catecL i ' 

Kater, m. (male) cat, tomcat. 

Katheder, m. lecture desk. 

Kathodendichte, /. cathode dendty. 

Kathodenranm, m. cathode space, space around 
the cathode. 

Katliodenstrahl, m. cathode ray. 

kathodochemisch, a. cathodochemical. 

Katk»n, n. cation, kation. 

Kattun, m. calico, cotton (cloth). 

Kattnndruck, m. calico printing. 

Kattundruckerei, /. calico printing; calico 

Kattanfabrik, /. calico factory, cotton mill. 

Kattnnpresse, /. calico press. 

Katzchen, n. kitten; catkin. 

Katze, /. cat; (Paper) thread in the stuff. 

Katzenauge, /. cats-eye. 

KatzengUmmer, m., Katzengdd, n. cat gold 
(yellow mica). 

Katzenminze, Katzenmtiiize, /. catnip. 

kaabar, a. masticable. 

kaadarn, v.t. gobble; jabber. 

kanen, v.t. & {. chew, masticate. 

Kanf, m. purchase; bargain. 

Kanfblei, n. merchant lead, commercial lead. 

kaufen, v.t. buy, purchase. 

KMafer, m. buyer, purchaser, customer. 

Kadfgnt, n. merchandise. 

Kanfhandel, m. trade, commerce. . 

Kaofladen, m. store, shop. 

k&nfllch, a. commercial, of commerce; mer- 
chantable, purchasable. 

Kanftaiann, m. merchant, tradesman. 

kanfinilniiiacli, a. mercantile, commercial, busi- 

KanfUnk, n. commercial zinc. 

kanm, adv, scarcely, hardly. 

Kamnlttd, n. masticatory. 

Kanpfeffer, m. beteL 

kaustisch, a. caustic. 

kaustfzieren, vJ. caustidze. 

Kaoatizierung, /. causticization. 

KanstidUit, /. caustidty. 

Kantabak, m, chewing tobacco. 

Kantd, /. Drecaution. 

kanteriflieren, vJ, cauterize. 

kautsehen, vA, couch. 

ilautschuk, m. caoutchouc, rubber. 

* 'aatschakflrnis, m. rubber varnish. 

fxantschnkrtthre, /., Kantschokrolir, m. rubber 

Kaatschnkstoff, m. rubber cloth. 

KivUtsehakwaren, /.2>2. rubber goods. 

i> li'Z, m. tawny owl; fellow. 

'vj' V erne, /. cavity. 

K* y*i, a. bold. 

t -r.vf, m. cone; pin; skittle. 

i.'Vei<. conicaL 

{v( ;: tfUiche, /. conical surface. 

.s t^'.H {Masche,/. conical flask (as an Erlenmeyer 

kegelfltamig, a. cone-shaped, conical, coniform. 

Kegelglas, n. conical glass; conical flask. 

kegdn, v.t. bowl. 

Kegelrad, n. bevel wheel; cone wheel. 

Kegelschnitt, m. conic section. 

Kehlader, /. jugular vein. 

Kehldeckel, m. epiglottis. 

Kehle, /. throat, larynx; channel, flute. 

Kehlkopf, m. larynx. 

Kehlkopf*. laryngeal. 

kehren, vd. sweep, brush; torn. — v.r. & t. turn. 

Kehricht, m. & n. sweepings, rubbish. 

Kehrsalpeter, /. saltpeter swe^ings. 

Kehrsalz, n. salt sweepings. 

keifen, v.t. scold, squabble. 

Keil, m. wedge; cuneus; key, cotter. 

keiltthnlich, keilartig, a. wedge-shaped, cunei- 
form, sphenoid. 

Keflbdn, n. sphenoid bone; cuneiform bone. 

keilen, v.t. wedge; key. 

kdlformig, a. = keil&hnlich. 

KeUpaar, n. pair of wedges, double wedge. 

Keim, m. germ, embryo; (of crystallization) 

Keim-. embryonic, g^ininal, germinating. 

Keimapparat, m. germinating apparatus. 

Keimblatt, n. cotyledon; germinal layer. 

keimbUitterig, a. cotyledonous. 

keimMattlos, a. acotyledonous. 

keimen, v.t. germinate. 

keimfUiig, a. capable of germinating, germin- 

Kefanhant, /. blastoderm. 

Keimkrafk, /. germinating power. 

Kdmling, n. germ, embryo. 

Keimstoff, m., Keimsobstaiiz, /. germinal mat- 
ter, blastema. 

keimtfttend, pM. germiddal. 

Keimnng, /. germination. 

Kdmwirknng, /. germ action; (of crystalliza- 
tion) action of nudd. 

Keimzeile, /. germ odl. 

kein, o. no, not a. 

keiner, pron. BO>onei none, neither. 




keine^iills, adv. in no case. 

kein^wecs, ado. by no means. 

keinmal, adv. not once, never. 

-keit. a suffix used like -heit (which see) ; -ness, 
-hood, -dom. 

Kdch, tn. cup; calyx; infundibulum. 
' Keichblatt, n. sepal. 

kelclifSnnIc* a. cup-fdiaped. 
^ Kelch^aSy n. cup-shaped test glass. 

Keldimensor, /. measuring cup. 

KeDe, /. ladle; scoopi trowel. 

kellen, v.t. ladle. 

Keller, m. cellar. 

KeOerely /. cellarage. 

Kellergeachofls, n. basement. 

Kellerhals, m. mezereon (Daphne mezereum). 

KellneTy tn. waiter; butler. 

Kelter» /. winepress. 

kennbar, a. knowable, distinguishable; remark- 

kennen* vJ. know. 

Kenner, m. connoisseur, professional. 

Kenntnis, /. knowledge; information, notice. 

Kennwort, n. (Com.) code word. 

Kennzelch^, n. mark, sign, indication; char- 
acteristic; critmoii; symptom. 

kennzeichnen, vU. mark, denote; distinguish; 

Kennziffer, /. index (of a logarithm). 

Keramik, /. ceramics. 

keramisch* a. ceramic. 

Kerargyrtty m. cerargyrite. 

Kerbe, /. notch, nick, groove. 

Ka>ker» m. jaO, prison. 

Keri, m. fellow. 

Kermeskdmer, kermes, k^'mes. grains. 

Kermeflschildlaus, /. kermes insect. 

Kern, m. nudeus; kernel, pip, stone; pith; 
core; heart; gist; (Soap) curd. 

Kern-, nuclear; pithy, choice. 

Kemfarbe, /. nuclear ^tain. 

kemgebimden, p.a. united to a (or the) nucleus. 

Kemgeh&iise, n. core. 

Kemgnss, m. (Founding) cored work. 

Kemhefe, /. seed yeast. 

Kemholz, n. heart wood. 

kemlg, a. strong, stout, solid, vigorous; (of 
liquors) full; (of leather) compact; kemelly; 

Kemigkelt, /. (Leaiher) fulness, body. 

Kendsomerle,/. nucleus (or nuclear) isomerism. 

KemmeU, n. best grade of flour, firsts. 
• Kemsalz, n. rock salt. 

Kemsand, m. core sand. 

Kemseife, /. curd soap, grain soap. 

Kemsyntheae, /. nudear synthesis. 

Kerntheorle, /. nucleus theory. 

kemtrocken, a. thoroly dry. 

KemwoDe, /. prime wool. 

Kerze, /. can<Ue. ' 

Kerzenatirke, /. candle power. 

K eooel , m. kettle,' caldron, eoppor; boiler; 

basin, reservoir; kennel. 
Keooo lftilMik, /. boiler factory. 
kesaelfBrmig, a. kettle-shaped. 
Kesfldkohle, /. boQa: coal, steam coaL 
Kesfldspanmmg, /. boiler pressure. 
Keasdiqielsewasser, n. boiler feed water. 
Keflsetotein, m. boiler scale; compass brick. 
Kem^UsUAmtdtUi, n. boiler compound. 
Ketonsiliire, /. ketonic add, keto add. 
Ketonspaltimg, /. ketonic cleavage. 
Kette, /. chain; train, series; warp (of a fabric) ; 

bondage; (Elee.) cell, dement (also, dreuit). 
kettenartig, a. of the nature of a chain, chainlike. 
Kettendmck, m. warp printing. 
kettenfSrmlg, a. having the form of a chain, 

KeCtenisomerie, /. chain isomerism. 
Kettenrad, n. sprocket whed. 
kenchen, v.i. gasp, pant. 
Keuchhnsten, m. whooping cough. 
Keule, /. pestle; dub; leg, joint (of meat). 
keulenf drmig, a. dubnahap^ davate, da vif orm. 
kensch, a. chaste, pure, 
kg!., aibbrev. (kttniglich) royal, 
kichem, v.i. giggle, snicker. 
Kiefer, m. jawbone, jaw, maxilla. 
Klefer, /. pine, esp. Scotch pine (Pintu aylvea-' 

Kiefer-. maxillary; pine. 
Kiefemharz, n. pine redn, rodn. 
Klefenih<rfz, Tt. pine (wood). 
Kelfemnadel, /. pine needle. 
Kiel, m. quill; ked. 
Kieme, /. giU, branchia. 
Kiemen-. branchial. 
SJen, m. resinous pine. 
Kienapfel, m. pine cone. 
Kienbanm, m. pine tree. 
Kienharz, m. pine resin, rosin. 
kienig, a. piny, resinous. 
KlenjU, n. pine oil, oil of turpentine. 
Kienmss, m.. pine soot (form of lampblack). 
Kles, m. pyrites; gravel. 
Kiesabbrand, m. roasted pyrites. 
kiesartig, a. pyritic; gravelly. 
Klesel, m. flint. 
Kiesel-. siliceous; silidc. 
kieselartig, a. flinty, siliceous. 
Kiesderde, /. silica. 

Kiesdfluorbaryum, n. barium fluosilicate. 
Kieselflnorkalinm, n. potasdum fluosilicate. 
Kleselflaomatriiun, n. sodium fluosilicate. 
Kiesdflnorverbihdang, /. fluodlicate. 
Kieselflaorwasserstoir, m., -stoffsaure, /. fluo- 

silidc add. 
Kiesdflusssaure, /. fluodlicic acid. 
Kieselgalmei, m. siliceous calamine (hydrous 

adnc silicate). 




Klesd^ps, m. vulpinite (variety of anhsrdrite). 

meeelgbui, ii. flint glasB; sOioeoua Cjalamine. 

Klesdgnr, Kieselcahr, m. diatomaoeoos earth, 

Uesellialtlg, d. sOieeous, silidferous. 

Kieadkalk, m. silioeous limestone. 

Kieadkalkelsen, n. ilvaite. 

Kieselkalkspat, m. wollastonite. 

Kieselkristan, m. crystal of silica, rock crystal. 

Klesellniiifer, n. cfarysoooUa. 

Kieselmangan, n. rhodonite. 

Kieseimetall, n. silioon. 

Kiesdsandst^n, m. silioeous sandstone. 

kieaelBaner, o. of or combined with silicic add, 
silicate of. 

Kieselsfture, /. silicic add. 

KieselsAnreanhydrid, n. silidc anhydride, sili- 
con dioxide. 

kleselsiurehaltig, a. containing silidc add, sili- 

Kieselsfturesalz, n. silicate. 

kieseteftureseife, /. silicated soap. 

Kieselsinter, m. silioeous sinter. 

Kiesdiqiat, m. albite. 

Kieselwasserstoff, m. hydrogen silidde. 

Kieselwasserstoffsftiire, /. hydrosilidc add. 

Kieselwolframsaare, /. silicotungstic add. 

E3esdzinkerz, n. siliceous calamine; willemite. 

Klesdzoschlag, m, siliceous flux. 

kieshaltig, a. pyritiferous; gravelly. 

kiesig, a. gravelly, gritty. 

Kind, n. chUd. 

KInderbalsam, m. soothing syrup. 

KindMpeoli, Klndspeeh, n. meconium. 

Kinderschleim, m., Klnderschmiere, /. vemiz 

SLindeswasser, n. amniotic fluid. 

Kindheit, /. childhood, infancy. 

Kinetik, /. kinetics. 

kinetisdi, a. kinetic. 

Kinn, n. chin. 

Kinnbacken, m. jaw, jawbone. 

Kinnlade, /. jaw. 

Kinog«rb8iiare, /. kinotannic add. 

Kipp-. tilting, tipping, dumping. 

Kippe, /. edge, brink, tilt. 

kippen, r.^ tilt, tip, tip over. 

Kippscher AppanU. Kipp apparatus. 

Kirche, /. church. 

KfaThh<if, m. churchyard; cemetery. 

Urr, kirre, a. tame. 

Kirschbanm, m. cherry tree. « 

Kirschbranntwein, m. cherry brandy; kiracfa. 

Kirsche, /. cherry. 

Kirschgiunmi, Kirschharz, n. cherry gum. 

Kirachlorbeer, m. dierry laureL 

kirschrot, a. dierry-red. 

Kirschsalt, in. cherry juice. 

Kirschwaaao', n. kirsch, kirachwasser (a liquc 
distOled from fermented cherry juice). 

Klwwen, n. cushion; pillow, bolster; pad. 

Kistchen, n. small chest, box or case. 

Kiate, /. chest, box, case. 

Kistenxacker, m. muscovado. 

Kitt, m. cement; lute; mastic; putty. 

Kittd, m. smock, frock, blouse. 

kitten, vA. cement; lute, putty, glue. 

Kitzel, m. tickling; itching; longing desire. 

Utzdn, V.L ticlde; itch. 

Kladde, /. first draft: day book. 

Kladfltein, m. place brick G>rick not fully 

klalfen, v.i. gape, yawn; split. 

kl&ffen, 9.t. bark; damor. 

Klafter, /. cord (of wood) ; fathom. 

Klage,/. complaint, grievance; suit, accusation; 

klageq, v.i. lament; complain; sue. 

kljIgUch, a. lamentable, mournful, wretched. 

klamm, a. tight, dose, narrow; dammy. 

Klammer,/. damp, dasp, cramp; parenthesis; 
(ecldge) bracket. 

kfaunmem, vJ. cramp, damp, rivet, fasten. 

klang, preL of klingen. 

Klang, m. sound, ring, dang;' timbre. 

Klappe, /. flap, trap, lid; damper; (dack) 
valve; stop. 

klappen, vX. dap, flap. — v.i. dap, strike, datter. 

Kianten-. valvular. 

Klapperrose, /. com poppy. 

Kta^erschlaiige, /. rattlesnake. 

KiappMfitein, m. eaglestone (nodular day iron- 

klapaen, vJ. dap, smack, slap. 

klar, a. dear. 

Kljlr-. dearing, clarifying, fining, settling. 

KlSrbassin, n. settling tank or reservoir. 

Klllrbotticli, m. dearing tub, settling vat. 

KlUre,/. darifier; dear (darified) liquid; coal- 
dust; boneash. 

klaren, vM dear, darify, purify, defecate. — 
v.r. dear, dear up. 

h..Ti •..-. dearing cask or tub, darifier, set- 
it. ■ / iwino) deansing cask; iVinegar) 
r-. 5 

> J '{ '. i s .1 /. decanting bottle (or flask). , 

r\ii ■ 't*' - . I. iSugar) darifier. 

I l'ir»'.M< leamess, darity. 

KV rka*.' • n. (Paper) settler. | 

t. (Sugar, etc.) darifier. 
.<. boil till dear. 
Ti I. t. darifying or dearing agent, 
■' \ 1 ., ., ing. 

h ^•'•. •«, /. (Sugar) dearing pan, darifier, 
.;- • pan. 

i i Sugar) filtered liquor (or sirup); 

.' dairo6. 

'\ • • ' ji>» ' boneash. 

. . <.n.,« . ..'arification, darifjring, cleaiin^ 
. <.>!».*, ..': il, n. s Klftrmittd. 






Klasse, /. daas.' 

klassifiaderen, vd, classify. 

klastiseh, a, clastic. 

Klatsch, m. dap, pop, slap, etc.; gossip. 

klatschen, v.i. dap, pop, flap, etc.; chat, gossip. 

Blatschroee, /. com poppy. 

klanben, v.U pick, sort. 

Klaae, /. daw; paw; hoof; dutch, grasp. 

Klaneiifett, Ktauenol, n. neat's-foot oil. 

Klanse, /. odl; doset; sink. 

Klavler, n. piano. 

Klavierdraht, m. piano wire. 

Klebftther, m. collodion. 

Klebe, /. dodder. 

Klebemittel, n. adhesive, agglutinant. 

kleben, p.t. stick, adhere. — v.L stick, glue, gum, 

paste. — klebend, p.o. adherent, adhesive, 

glutinative, agglutinant. 
Klebepflaster, n. adhesive plaster. 
Kleber, m. gluten; adhesive; sticker, gluer. 
Kleberbrot, n. gluten bread, 
kleberig* a. sticky, adhesive, visdd, glutinous. 
Kleberigkelt, /. visddity, viscosity. 
Kleberieim, m. gluten ^ue. 
Kleberprotein, n. gluten protein. 
Klebestoff, m. adhesive substance, cement. 
Klebkrafk, /. adhesive power. 
Klebkraat, n. deavers (Galium). 
klebrig, klebricht, a. — kleberig. 
Klebsand^m. (jCeram.) lutingsand, daubing sand. 
Klebstoir, m. = Klebestoff. 
kleeken, v.i, blot; blur; daub. 
Klecks, m. blot, splotch. 
Klee, m. dover, trefoil. — ewiger Klee, Lasemer 

Klee, alfalfa, luoern. — spaniacher Klee, tiir- 

kiacher Klee, sainfoin. 
Kleebaum, m. = Hopfenbaum. 
Kleesalz, n. salt of sorrel (add potassium 

oxalate, potassiimi binoxalate). 
kleesaner, a. of or combined with oxalic add, 

oxalate of. 
KleesHnre, /. oxalic add. 
Kleesdde, /. dodder. 
Kiel, m. day. 

KleialMBadbad, n. (Dyeing) bran decoction. 
Kleid, n. garment, dress, clothing, garb, 
kleiden, v.i. dress, dothe; fit. 
klddsam, a. becoming. 
Klddimc, /• dothing, dressing, costume. 
Klele, /. bran. 

kleienartig* a. branny, furfuraeeous. 
Klelenbad, n., Kleienbeize, /. bran drench, 

bran steep. 
Kleieiibrot, n. bran bread. 
Kteienmelil, n. pollard, 
klein, a. small, little; short. 
Klein, n. (Mining) smalls. 
Kleinasien, n. Asia Minor. 
Kldnbetrieb, m. work on a small scale; small 


Kl^nfllrber, m. clothes dyer. 
Kleinhandei, m. retail trade; 
Klebiheit, /. smallness, minuteness. 
Kleinhirn, n. cerebellum. 
Kleinlgkeit, /. trifle. 

kleinkornig, a. small-grained. 

Kleinlebewesen, n. microorganism. 

kleinlich, o. petty, paltry, mean. 

KlelnmiUile, /. pulverizing mill. 

Kleinodn ^* jewd, gem, ornament. 

Ideinst&dtiscli, a. provincial. 

Kleister, m. paste; size (thin paste). 

klelstem, v.t. paste; size (with paste). 

kleistrig, a. pasty, sticky. 

Klemmbacken, (Maeh.) jaws. 

Klemme,/. damp; nippers, tongs; dilemma. 

klemmen, vA. pinch, squeeze, bind. 

Klemmer, m. pinchcock; nose glasses. 

Klemmschraabe, /. binding screw, set screw. 

Klempner, m. tinman, tinker. 

Klette, /. bur; burdick. 

Klettenworzel,/. (P?Mrm.) lappa, burdock root. 

kiettem, v.t. climb. 

Klima, n. dimate. 

kllnunen, p.t. dimb. 

Idimpern, v.t. jingle, tinlde, strum. 

KUnge, /. blade; sword. 

Klingel. /. (small) bell. 

kllngein, v.i. ring; tinkle, jingle. 

Idlngen, v.t. sound, ring, cUnk. 

KUngglas, n. flint glass. 

Klingstdn, m. dinkstone (phonolite). 

Kllnke, /. latch; (door) handle. 

KUnker, m. (Dutch) clinker. 

Kllppe, /. diff , rock, crag. 

kllrren, v.t. dink, datter. 

Kloake, /. doaca, sewer. 

Kloakenwasoer, n. sewage. 

Kloben, m. pulley; vise; pincers; log. ^ 

klomm, preL of Idimmen. 

Uopfen, v.t. beat, knock, tap. 

Klopfholz, n. mallet, beater. 

Klopfsleb, n. shaking or tapping sieve. 

Kldppel, m. beater, knocker, clapper, etc.; (^e») 

Kloss, m. dod; dumpling. 

Kloster, n. cloister. 

Klotz, m. block, log, stump. 

klotzen, v.t. (Cc^ico) dop-pad. 

Klotzschwarz, n. (Dyeing) slop-padded black. 

Klufl, /. deft, chasm, gulf; tongs. 

kliiflen, vJ. deave. 

Klttftong, /. deaving, segmentation. 

klug, a. dever, knowing, wise, skilful. 

Klttmpchen, n. little lump, etc. (see Klumpen). 

Klumpen, m. lump, mass; ingot; bloom; nug- 
get; dot; dod. 

ktampfttsslg, a. club-footed. 

Kluppe, /. pincers, tongs; diestock. 

Kluppzange, /. forceps. 



knftbben, vd. & i. Kiuiw, nibble. \ 

Kaabe,fn. boy. 

knacken, v.u eraek; erackle, crepitate.— «X crack. 

Knagge, /. cam, catch, peg, stop, lug, bracket; 
knot, snag. 

Knall, m. detonation; explosion, report, oadc, 

Knall-. detonating; fulminating, fulminate of. 

KnallUei, n. fulminating lead. 

knallen, v.t. detonate, fulminate; crack, pop, go 

Knallflanune, /. ozyhydrogen flame. 

KnaHgafi, n. detonating gas, spedf., an explo- 
sive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, oxy- 
hydrogen gas. 

KnallgaageUilee, n. oxyhydrogen blowpipe. 

KnaOgaalicht, n. oxyhydr<^en light. 

Knallglaa, n. Rupert's drop; anaclaatic s^ass. 

KnaOgold, n. fulminating gold. 

KnaUluft, /. detonating gas. 

KnaUpidTer, n. detonating powder. 

KnaUpyrometer, n. explosion pyrometer. 

Knailqaecksilbcnr, n. fulminating mercury (mer- 
curic fulminate). 

KnaHsatz, m. detonating composition. 

knallsanev, a. of or combined with fulminic 
acid, fulminate of. 

KnallsHure, /. fulminic acid. 

Knailsilber, n. fulminating silver. 

Knallzttndmittel, n. detonating priming. 

knapp, a. dose, tight, narrow; scanty; exact. 

Knappe, m. squire; miner. 

knarreii, v.i, crackle, rattle, creak, squeak. 

Knast, m. knot (in wood). 

Knilnel, Knaad, m. ball, coil (of thread, etc.) ; 

Kniinddrilse, /. sweat gland. 

kn&aelf9nnig, a. convoluted. 

Knauf, m. knob, stud; capitaL 

KnebcJ, m. stick; gag. 

Knecht, m. (man) servant; trestle, horse. 

kneifen, vA. nip, squeeze, pinch, gripe. 

Kneifer, m. nose glasses. 

Kneifzange, /. nippers. 

Kn^pe, /. pincers, nippers; beer party; tavern. 

kneipen, v4, nip, pinch, squeeze, gripe; drink 

kneten, vU. knead; (jCeram.) pug. 

Knick, m. break (in curves, etc.); crack, flaw. 

knicken, v4. crack; break. 

knickerig, a. stingy. 

Knickpunkt, m. (in a curve) break. 

Knie, n. knee; angle, dbow. 

knleen, v.i, kneel. 

kniefftrmig, a. knee-shaped, geniculate. 

Kniekehle, /. popliteal space. 

Knlerohr, n., Knierdhre, /. elbow tube (or pipe), 
bent tube. 

Knieschelbe, /. kneepan, patella. 


n. (Mack,) dbow. . 
knUr, preL <d kneif en. 
Knur, m. pinch; crease; trick, device. 
knirseliai, v,u cradde, grate, crunch, rustle. 
Knirachpalver, n. a kind of coarse gunpowder.' 
Knistergold, n. Dutch metal, Dutch gold. 
koistem, v.i. crackle, crepitate; (of silk) rustle. 
Knitter, m. crease. 
KnittergoUU n. «■ Knistergold. 
knlttem, v.u crackle; crumple. 
KnoUancii, m. garlic. 
knoUanchartig, a. gariic-like, garlicky. 
KnoManrhgas, n. mustard gas. 
KnSchei, m. knudde; ankle; (pL) dice. 
Knochen, m. bone. 
Knochen-. bony, oeseous, osteo-. 
knochenifchnlich, a. bonfelike, osseous. 
Knochenasche, /. bone ash. 
knochenbildend, p.a. bone-forming. 
Knochenbrach, m. fracture. 
KnochendiUnpfkpparat, m. bone steamer. 
Knoehendilnger, m. bone manure. 
Knochenerde, /. bone earth (bone ash). 
KnochenfeCt, n. bone fat, bone grease. 
Knochenbaner, m. butcher. 
ELnochenhant, /. periostetun. 
Knochenkohle, /. bone black. 
Knochenleim, m. bone glue, osteocoUa. 
Knochenmann, m. skeleton; Death. 
Knochenmehl, n. bone meal, bone dust. 
Knochentti, n. bone oil, Dippel's ofl. 
Knochenporzeilan, n. bone porcelain, bone china. 
Knochens&ore, /. phosphoric add. 
Knochenschwarz, n. bone black. 
knochem, a. of bone, bony, osseous. 
KnSUchen, n. nodule, little knob. 
KnoUe, /. liunp, knob, nodule; tuber; tuberde. 
kn<rflig, a. knobby, knotty, bulbous; immense. 
Knopf, m. button; stud, head, knob; knot. 
Knopfdeckel, m. knobbed cover. 
Knopper, /. (nut) gall, gaUnut. 
Kmwpel, m. cartilage, grisde. 
Knorp^eim, m. chondrin. 
Knorpeltang, m. carrageen, {Pharm.) chondrus. 
knorpUeh, a. cartilaginous. 
Knorren, n. protuberance, excrescence, knot, 

gnarl, snag. 
Knoflpe, /. bud. 
knospen, v.i. bud. 
Knoten, m. knot; node; nodule; tuberde; 

knob; plot. 
knoten, v4. knot, tie in knots. 
Knotenwnrz, /. figwort, (Pharm.) scrophularia. 
KnAterlch, m. knotg^rass {Polygonum sp.). 
knotig, a. knotty, nodular, tubercular, Imobby; 

knnlTen, vjL pommel, cuff. 
kniipfen, vJ. knit, tie, imite, attach. 
Knilppel, m. billet; cudgel, dub. 
knarren, v.i. snarl, growl, rumble. 




knnsperis, a. erisp. 

Koacnlationswilrme, /. heat of coagulation. 

koagiilierbar» a, coagulable. 

koagnliereii, vJ. & i. coagulate. 

Koagaliemngsmittel, n. awgulating agent, 

Kobolt* m. cobalt. 

- Kobaltbliite, Kobaltbliune, /. cobalt bloom 

Kobaltchlorid, n. cobalt chloride, specif., co- 
baltic chloride. 
. Kobaltcfaloriir, n. cobaltous chloride. 
I Kobaltgelb, n. cobalt ydlow. 

Kobaltglanz, m. cobalt ^Lanee (cobaltite). 

kobalthaltig, a. cobaltiferous. 

Kobalti-. cobaltic, cobalti-. 

Kobalttak, n. cobaltiac, cobaltammine. 

Kobaltiakaalz, n. cobaltiac salt, cobaltammine 

KobaltJcyankalinm, n. potassium cobalticya- 

Kobaltieyaiiwasserstoff; m. cobalticyanic add. 

KobaltUcaliamniblt, n. potassium cobaltinitrite. 

Kobaltiverbfaidang, /. cobaltic compound. 

KobaltUes, m. cobalt pyrites (linnieite). 

Eobaltmanganerz, n. asbolite. 

Kobalto-. cobaltous, cobalto-. 

Kobaltosalz, n. cobaltous salt. 

Kobaltoverbindung, /. cobaltous compound. 

Kobaitoxyd, n. cobalt oxide, spedf., cobaltic 

Kobaltoxydoxydul, n. cobaltooobaltic oxide. 

Kobaltoxydul, n. cobaltous oxide. 

Kobaltoxydolverbindung, /. cobaltous com- 

Kobaltoxydverbindung, /. cobaltic compound. 

Kobaltsalz, n. cobait salt. 

Kobaltspdise, /. cobalt speiss. 

KobaltverMndung, /. cobalt compound. 

Kobaltvitrkd, m, cobalt vitriol (cobaltous sul- 

Kober, m. basket. 

Kobold, m. goblin, gnome. 

Koch, m. cook. 

Kochapparat, m. cooking apparatus. 

Kochbecher, m. beaker. 

Kochdaner, /. duration of boiling. 

kochecht, a. fast to boiling (in water). 

kochen, vA. boH; cook. — v.i. boil. 

Kochen, n. boiling, ebullition; cooking, cookery. 

Kocher, m. boiler; cooker; hot plate. 

Kbcher, m. quiver; case. 

Kochflasche* /. boiling flask. 

Kochgef&sa, ». boiling vessel, boiler; cooking 
vessel; (Paper, etc.) bucking keir. 

kochheias, a. boiling hot. 

Kochhitze, /. boiling heat. 

Kochkessel, m. boiling kettle, boiler; {Paper) 
pulp boiler, pulp digester. 

KodikUbre, /. {Sugar) filtered liquor (or sirup). 

KochkMbclieii, n. small boiling flask, fractional 

diatillation flask. 
Kochkolben, m. boiling flask. 
Kochlauge, /. boiling lye. 
Kochpudd^n, n. pig boiling. 
Kochponkt, m. boiling point. 
Kochrohr, n., -rtthre, /. boiling tube, distilling 

Kochsalz, n. common salt (sodium diloride). 
Kochwasser, n. boiling water. 
Kochzucker, m. brown sugar; powdered sugar. 
Koder, m. bait, lure. 
Koefliadent, m. coefficient. 
Koffer, m. trunk, coffer, box. 
Koh&fiion, /. cohesion. 
Kohl, m. cabbage. 
Kohle, /. coal; charcoal; carbon. 
Kohlelampe, /. carbon lamp. 
kohlen* vU, char; carbonize, carburize.— «.£. 

Koblenbenzin, n. benzoie, benzol. 
Kohlenbergbau, m. coal mining. 
Kohlenbleispat, m. cerussite. 
Kohlenbleiyitriolspat, m. lanarkite. 
Kohlenblende, /. anthradte. 
Koldenbohrer, m, charcoal borer. 
Kohlenlwemien, n. charcoal burning; coal burn- 
Kohlenbremierie, /. charcoal works. 
Kohlendampf, m. gases from burning coal. 
Kohlendioxyd, n. carbon dioxide. 
Kohlendithiols&nre, /. dithiolcarbonic add. 
Kohlendmist, m. vapor from coals (containing 

carbon monoxide as a poisonous ingredient). 
Kohlenelsen, n. iron carbide. 
KoUeneisenstein, 9n._blackband (carbonaceous 

iron carbonate). 
Kohlenfilter, n. diarcoal filter; boneblack 

Kohlenflfiz, n. coal seam, coal measure. 
Kohlenfatter, n. carbonaceous lining. 
Kohiengas, n. coal gas. 
Kohlengrube, /. coal mine. 
kohlenhaltig, a. carbonaceous, carboniferous. 
Kohlenhydrat, n. carbohydrate. 
Kohlenkalkspat, m. 'anthraconite. 
Kohlenkalkstein, m. carboniferous limestone. 
Kohlenkarbonit, n. kohlencarbonite (trade 

name of an explosive). 
Kohlenklein, n. small coal. 
Kohlenlicht, n. carbon light. 
Kohienldsche, /. coal dust or slack. 
Kohlenmeiler, m, charcoal pHe. 
Kohlenmonoxyd, n. carbon monoxide. 
Kohlenols&ure, /. carbolic add. 
Kohlenoxychlorid, n. carbon oxychloride, car- 

bonyl chloride. 
Kohlenoxyd, n. carbon monoxide. 
Kohlenoxyd-Elsen, n. iron carbonyl. 
Kohlenoxyd-Htoioglobin, n. carbohemoglobin. 



Kolkt ux 

w. 6KpkM^^8 miiUire of 
carbon monoizicle and uvypu. 
Kol ik '— Jiy i l aii fc i l, m. ft «. nidcal eaibonyL 

a. lidi in cari>on monoxide. 

r, a. of or combined with earbonie 
add, earbooate of. 

KaMinaJiiify /. carbonic acid. 

Kalili naini i anhydrid, «. carbonic anhjrdride 
(carbon dioxide). 

KoM< nalnrf f an, «. carbonic acid gaa (carbon 

If aMf Manrf balltc. o. con taining carbonic add* 

KiridenflS]iremeaBer» m. inatmment or appara- 
tus for measuring carbon dioadde, anthrar 

«. carbonate. 
; n. carbonated water, aoda 

KeUenaddefer, m. Mtominoos aiiale; coal-bear- 
ing f*»y|^ 

KoUenflehHchte, /. {F<mnding) black waah. 

KoUensehwarz, n. charcoal blade 

KoMen^at, m. anthraeonite. 

Kohlenq^txe, /. carbon point. 

KiAlenstanb, m. coal dust; duuvool dust. 

Kohlenstleksloir, m. cyanogen. 

Kohlen8tidutoirflinre» /. picric add (Liebig's 

Kohienstoff* m. carbon. 

KoUenstoffUndnng, /. carbon linkage. 

Kohlenstoffeiflen, n. iron carbide. 

KoUenstoffentdehnnfc /. removal of caibon* 

Kofalenstoffgehalt* m. carbon content. 

koUenstoffhaltlg, a, carbonaceous, carbonifer- 

Kohlenstoffkalzinm, n. caldum carbide. 

KoUenstoirkem, m. carbon nudeus. 

Kohlenstoirkette, /. carbon chain. 

KoUenstoflknetall, n. carbide. 

koUenstolfreicli, a. rich in carbon. 

Kobienstoffsilldum, n. carbon siUdde. 

KoUenstoflrsulfld, n. carbon disulfide. 

KoUenstoffTerMndnng, /. carbon compound. 

KoUensabozyd, n. carbon suboxide. 

KoUensolfid. n. cartoon disulfide. 

Kohlensnlfldsalz, n. thiocarbonate, sulfocar- 

KoUentecr, m. coal tar. 

KoUentiegd, m. carbon crudble; charcoal cnx- 
dble; crudble with carbonaceous lining. 

Kohlenwa uoci o loif, m. hydrocarbon. 

Kohlenwaaaeratoffgas, n. hydrocarbon gas. — 
Geicfates) methane; (schweres) ethylene. 

kohienwassersttrfrhaltlg, a. containing hydrcH 
carbons, hydrocarbonaoeoua. 

9JL eohobat 
,/. cabin, staterooD 

n. cofamo» 
at. &/. Mdoe. 

«. t6kB boining, coking. 

Kokcokirfde, /. coking coaL 

KokeeMrfn, n. small coke, coke dust. 

kiAettieren, v.t. coquet. 

Kokkelskom, n. coeeulus indicos. 

Kokon, m. cococm. 

K<riios, Kokosbanm, m. coco, coco palm, coco- 
nut tree. 

Kokasbiittcr, /. coconut butter (coconut ofl). 

Kokosfoser, /. coco fiber, coir (fiber from the 
husk of the coconut). 

Kokoefett, n. coconut <nl. 
A coconut. 

tkoofil, n. coconut oiL 

Kokoepofane, /. coco palm. 

Kokoeseife, /. coconut-oil soap. 

K<Aostalg, m. coconut oiL 

Kokootalgsaare, /. eodnic add (f<Hrnieiiy sup- 
posed to exist in coconut ofi). 

Koics, in,&vi.-pL coke. 

Kolamiss, /. cola nut. 

Kolatorinm, n. oolatorium, strainer. 

Kaibchen, n. litUe flask, etc (see Kolben). "^ 

Kdben, m. flask; butt, butt end; dub; pis- 
ton; soldering iron; {MeUd.) bloom; {Old i 
Chem,) Ixdthead, matzaas, cucurbit; .{BoL) \ 
head, spike. 

KolbenscMmmel, m. dub mold iABpergiUv* ' 
species). I 

Koibenstange, /. piston rod. | 

Kolbentrilger, m. flask support, flask stand. 

ktriieren, vJL filter, percolate. 

KoBerrahmen, m. filtering frame. 

KoUertach, fi. filtering doth. 

Koll^, n. (course of) lectures; college. 

KoOege, m. colleague. 

KoflOTguMCt in., KoUermtthle, /. edge mill, J 

koUon, v.t. rumble; gobble; rave; roU. i 

KoOodfaim, n. ooUodion. 




KoUodiamwolie, /. collodion cotton, soluble 
guncotton, pyroxylin. 

koii<rfd, a. colloidal, colloid. 

KoUoideheniie, /. colloid chenustry, chemistry 
of coUoids. 

koil<rfddieini8ch, a. colloidochemical. 

Kolloidstoff, m., KoUoldsabetanz, /. colloid sub- 
stance, odloid. 

kfilner, kglnJBch, a. Cologne. . 

KdbierwaasMT, n. cologne, Cologne water. 

Kolombownnel, /. calumba root, calumba. 

Kfrfonialzneker, m. muscovado; cane sugar. 

Kolonne, /. column. 

Kcriophoneiaenerz, tn. pitddte. 

Kirfoplionium, n. colophony, rosin. 

Kolophon^nre, /. colophonic add. 

Koloqninte, /. colocynth. 

kolorimetrisch, a. coiorimetric. 

Kolnmbownrzel, /. » Kdombowurxel. 

Komans&nre, /. oomanic add. 

kombinieren, vA, & t. combine. 

Komenrilure, /. comenic add. 

komiadi, a. comic, funny. 

kommen, o.t. come; happen; be, come out. 

Kommos, m. drinking party. 

Kommefz, fn. commerce. 

Kommis* m. clerk. 

kommnnirieren, r.t. conmiunicate. 

kommutieren, v.t. commute. 

K«Kn9die» /. comedy. 

kompenataren, vjL compensate. 

komplementUr, a. oomplranoitary.' 

Kora^ezion, n. complex ion. 

kompiiiiert, p.a. complicated. 

Kompoaition,/. c6mpomtion; (Dyeing) tin con^- 
podtion (solution of tin in aqua regis). 

Kompott, n. compote (preserved or stewed fruit). 

Kompressibilit&t, /. 'Compresdbility. 

Kompressioiiswdle, /. compresdon wave. 

komprfanieren, vd, compress. 

Konchyllen, /.pL shells, shdlfish. 

Kondensatlonsapparat. m. condensing appara- 
^ tus, condenser. 

Kondensationsrohr, n., -rOhre, /. eondensing 
tube; adapter. 

Kondensator, tn. condenser. 

kondenderbar, a. condensable. 

kondenaieren, vJ, & i. condense. 

kondltionim'en, v.<. condition. 

Konditor, m. ctmf ectioner. 

Konfekt, n. confectionery. 

kongelleren, v.t. congeal. 

Konlfn-e,/. conifer. 

K5nig, m. regulus; king. 

Kdnlgin,/. queen. 

KSniginmetall, it. queen's metal (a tin alloy). 

kftni^ch, a. Idnfl^y, regaL 

Kdnigreicli. n. kingdom, realm. 

KSnlgsalbe, /. {Pharm,) rosin cerate, badlioan 

KdnigsUan, n. king's blue (a name for cobalt 
blue and for smalt). 

Kftnigwehinarinde, /. calisaya bark, (yellow) 

Kftnlgsgdb, n. king's ydlow (AssSs); chrome 
ydlow; masdcot. 

KttnigBgrilii, n. Paris green. 

Kttnigskerze, /. (common) mullen. 

Kttnigskrankhel^ /. king's evil, scrofula. 

Ktaigsdlnre, /. aqua regia. 

Kdnigswaseer, n. aqua regia. 

Koniin, n. conine, coniine. 

konlsch, a, conic, conical, coniform. 

konjuglert, p.a. conjugate. 

konkav, a. concave. 

Konkrement, n. concrement, concretion. 

Konknrrenz, /. competition. 

konknrrieren, v.t. compete. 

Konkurs, m, bankruptcy, failure; asdgnment. 

kSnnen, v.t. be able, can; may. 

konnte, pret, of kdnnen. 

Konserve, /. conserve, preserve; {Pharm.) ccm* 
fection, dectuary. 

konservleren, vJ, preserve. 

Konserviemng, /. preservation, conservation. 

KonserTierongsflnds, m. preserving varnish. 

Konseryiemngsmittd, n. preservative. 

Konsistenz, /. consistency. 

Konsistenzmesser, tn. visciosimeter. 

Konsortinm, n. syndicate (properly refers to a 
less permanent combination than Syndikat). 

Konstante, /. constant. 

konstatleren, v4. ascertain, establish, verify. 

Konstitntionsformel, /. constitutional formula. 

Konstitntlmiswasser, n. water of constitution. 

konstmieren, v.<. construct. 

Kontaktgifl, n. contact poison. 

Kontaktsnbstanz, /. contact substance, catar 

Kontaktverfahren, n. contact process. 

Kontaktwirknng, /. contact action, catalysis. 

kontlnulerlich, a. continuous. 

Kontinoitilt, /. continuity. 

Kontraatfiirbnng, /. ccmtrast staining. 

Kontrdlversncii, tn. control test, control experi- 

Konus, tn. cone. 

konventlondl, a, conventional. 

konvergferen, v.t. converge. — ^konverglerendf 
p.a. convergent. 

Konverdonaaalpeter, tn. converted saltpeter 
(sodium nitrate converted into potasdum ni- 
trate by double decompodtion with potas- 
dum chloride). 

Konverterltatter, n. converter lining. 

konz., aJbbrev. (konzentriert) concentrated. 

Konzentrationsverh&ltnis, /. ratio of eoneai- 

konsentrltten, v.1. concentrate. 

Konzentrlerang, /. concentration. 



n. oil of cti|Miilwi. 

V«. twilL 
9 J. twin. 

. bead; crown (of a hat); boM (of a 

/. aealp. 

/. eeiriialie i^and. 
kipfea, fX top; hrinpad. 
Kopfhial, /. aealp. 

«. piQow. 
a. headlesB, aeeiAaloiia; aflly. 
m. headdroB, eoiffure. 
Wejfliiifc m. (Zine) noosle block. 
K e pf i em , /. eryapdas. 
Kopfwlat, m. bead lettuee. 
ItoffiKlwa, a. ddttish, timid. 
KopCBdrimmd, m. any mold of tbe genua Mucor. 
ITwilinhmii 1. m. beadaehe. 
KopCBtoaer, /. p<ril tax. 
Kopflbcraciirifl, /. principal heading. 
KopfwaasersBcht, /. hydrooepbalua. 
Kopfweh, n. headadie. 
kopierea, vJ. copy. 
Kopifffliiitf, /. copying ink. 
Iroppffln, vJ. couple. 
kgppcln, v.i. {Brewing) froth in after-fennenta- 

Ifoppflnng, /. coupling. 
Koppdwfatschafl, /. rotation of cropa. 
Kopralitiiy m. coprolite. 
kor, pret. oi kOren. 
KoraOe,/. coraL 

konJlenartig, a. coral-like, coralloid. 
Korb, m. basket; hamper, crate, canister; 

{Milting) corf, cage. 
Korfoflaselie, /. carboy; demijohn. 
Kordit, n. cordite. 
Korinthe, /. (dried) currant. 
Korkbohrer, m. cork borer. 
Kork^nre, /. suberic acid. 
Korksdiwarz, n. cork black. 
Korkspond, m, cork stopper, cork. 
Korkfltein, m. cork board. 
Korkst*^, m. suberin. 
Korkstc^en, m. cork stopper, cork. 
Koricteppich, m. linoleum. 
Korkzielier, m. corkscrew. 
Kom, n. grain; fineness, standard (of coins); 

com; (of flax) boon; (Assaying) button. 
Komalkohol, m. grain alcohol. 
KombOdung, /. {Sugar) granulation, crystal- 
Kombildungspunkt, m. {Stigar) granulating 

gndn lead (findy granulated lead 




/. (Asaoytaf) 
n. Uttie grain, granule, 
n. iron of granular fraetme. 

*X granulate. 

aJ. granulate; grain; com (gun- 
powder). — fehimt, pjo. granulated* granular. 
r-. granular, grained, 
a. ajaifftida in 

'• «. grained leather, 
a. grain tin, granular tin. 

komfanalg. a. in the form of grains, granular, 
n. f uael ofl from grain, 
n. (firpfoeues) cnming house, granu- 
lating house. 

kfSmig, a. granular, granulated; grainy, gritty; 
showing a grain; brittle (malt). 

a. granular-crystalline. 
, IN. grain weeviL 
/. assayer's tongs. 

Komksdiaii, «. {Sugar) boiling to grain. 

Komkupfer, KSrainqifer, n. granulated copper. 

Konunutter, /. ergot. 

Konvrfifer, m. grain teste r . 

Kompuddela, n. puddling of fine-grained iron. 

Korapoiyer, «. granulated powder, powder in 

Komsieb, n. granulating sieve; grain sieve. 

Komalahl, m. granulated sted. 

Kfimnng, /. granulation; graining; grain. 

Komwaie, /. button balance, assay balance; 
grain scales. 

Komxange, /. aasayer's tonga. 

Konaa/uk, n, (Af dai.) grain tin. 

Komxncfccr, m. granulated sugar. 

Kfcper, m. body; substance, compound. 
(Careful modem usage avoids the transla- 
tion " body " for chonical substances.) 

KSrperiwn, m. bodily structure, build. 

KSrperbeschaffenlieiC, /. constitution. 

KSrperchen, n. corpusde; partide. 

KSrperfarbe, /. body cdor. 

Korpeffiilie, /. corpulence. 

KSrpergmppe,/. group of substances (or bodies). 

Korperklasse, /. dass of substances (or bodies). 

k&perttch, a. bodily, corporeal, matoial; cor- 
puscular; scdid. 

KdrpMschafl, /. corporation. 

KdrperstoflT, m. organic matter; matter. 

KSrperteilchen, n. partide. 

Kdrperwarme, /. body heat. 

korr., aJbhrev. (korrigiert) correct e d. 

Korrektivmittel, n. corrigent. 

Korrektnr, /. correction; proof. 

Korrelat, n. correlative. 




korri^eren, v.t correct. 

korrodler^i, td. & t. corrode. 

Komnd, m. corundum. 

Kosekante, /. cosecant. 

Kosiniis, m. cosine. 

kosmetiacli, a. cosmetic. 

Kosobltiten, /.pi. (Pharm.) cusso. 

Ko6t» /. food, fare, diet, board. 

kostbar, a. costly, expensive, precious. 

kosten, v,i. cost. 

Kosten, costs, expenses, charges. 

KosCenanschlag, m. estimate (of cost). 

kostenfrei, a. free of charge. 

Koetg&nger, m. boarder. 

Kostgeld, n. board; alimony. 

kdstlich, a. costly, dainty, excellent. 

kostspielig, a. expensive. 

Kot* m. feces, excrement; mud, dirt. 

Kot-. fecal. 

Kotabgang, m. defecation. 

kotartig, a. fecal, feculent. 

kotausftthrend, kotausleerend, p.a. purgative, 

Koter, m. cur. 

Kotgeroch, m. fecal odor. 

kotig, a. fecal, stercoraceous; dirty, filthy. 

kotonisieren, v.t. degum (silk). 

Kotschleuse, /. sewer. 

Kotstein, m. fecal concretion. 

Kovoliim, Kovdumen, n. covolume. 

Kp., abbrev, (Kochpunkt) boiling point, b.p. 

Krabbe, /. crab. 

krabbecltt, a. fast to crabbing. 

krabbeln, v.t. ticlde. — v.i. itch; crawl. 

Krach, tn. crack, crash. 

krachen, v.t. crack, crash, crackle; (of silk) 

krSchzen, v.t. croak; groan. 

Kraft, /. force; power; strength, vigor. 

kraft, prep, on the strength of, by virtue of. 

Kralteinhelt, /. unit of force. 

Kraftgas, n. power gas. 

krafUg, a. strong, powerful, fracible, nourish- 
ing; (of hides) plump. 

Kraftleitang, /. {Elee,) power circuit. 

Kraftlinie, /. line of force. 

Kraltmeld, n. starch, amylum. 

Kraftmesser, m. dynamometer. 

Kraftsammler, m. accumulator. 

Kraftwirkung, /. effect, action (of a force). 

Kragen, m. collar; cape; flange. 

Kr&he, /. crow. 

kr&hen, v.t. crow. 

Krahenaugen, nux vomica. 

Krahn, m. = Kran. 

Kralle, /. daw. 

Kram, m. retail; store, shop; retail articles; 
stuff, lot. 

Krilmer, m. retafler, storekeeper, tradesman. 

Kriiinergewickt, n. avoirdupois. 

KrampCf /. cramp, cramp iron. 

Krainpf, m. cramp, spasm, convulsion. 

Knunpfader, /. varicose vein. 

Krampfarznei, /. antispasmodic. 

knunpfkafk, a. spasmodic, convulsive. 

Knunpftailttel, n. antispasmodic. 

Krampfwnrzd* /. valerian root. 

Kran, m. code, faucet; crane. 

Kranich, m. crane. 

krank, a. ill, sick. 

krftnkdn, v.t. be ailing, be cdddy. 

kranken, v.t. hurt, grieve, aflBUct. 

Krankenanstalt, /. hospital. 

Krankenhaus, n. hospital. 

Krankenheilanstalt, /. sanatorium, hospital. 

krankhaft, a. diseased; morbid. 

Krankheit, /. disease; illness, sickness. 

Krankheitserreger, m. exdtant of disease. 

krankheitserzeugend, p.a. pathogenic. 

Krankheitskunde, Krankheitslehre, /. pathol* 

kr&nklich, a. sickly, in poor health.' 

KriUikiuig, /. vexation. 

Kranz, m. wreath; crown;- border, rinv4f>^an* 

Kranz-. coronary. **» %^ 

Krftnzchen, n. little wreath; (social) circle. 

Krapp, m. madder. 

Krappfarbe, /. madder dye. 

Krappfarbstoir, m. alizarin. 

Krappgelb, n. madder ydlow, xanthin. 

Krapiriack, m. madder lake. 

Krapprot, n. madder red, alizarin. 

Krappwurzel, /. madder root. 

KrStzblei, n. dag lead. 

KratzbUrste,/: stiff brush, scraper; cross person, 

Kratze, /. waste metal (dross, cuttings, sweep- 
ings, etc.); itch. 

kratzen, v.t. scrape, scratch; card (wool, etc.); 
(Metal.) rabble. — v.t. scratch, grate. 

Kratzer, Krfttzer, m. scraper, scratcher, rake, 

Kriltzfrischen, n. (Metal.) refining of waste. 

kratzig, a. itchy; (Gla(88) fibrous. 

Kriitzkupfer, n. copper from waste. 

Kratzmessing, n. brass cuttings. 

krans, a. crisp; curly, curled; nappy. 

Kranse, /. frill, ruff. 

kriluseln, v.<. curl, crisp, crimp; mill (coins). 

Krauseminze, /. curled mint (Mentha crispa); 
spearmint (Mentha apicata). 

Kr&usen, (Brewing) head, specif., rocky 

Kraustabak, m. shag. 

Kraut, n. herb, plant; weed; top (of beets» 
etc.); cabbage. 

krantartig, a. herbaceous. 

Krftuteressig, m. aromatic vinegar. 

Krftuterwein, m. medicated wine. 

Krftaterzacker, m. (Pharm,) conserve, confec- 




Krawall, m. uproar, row. 

Kraw^,tte, /. cravat, tie. 

Kreatin, n. creatine. 

Kreadnin, n. creatinine. 

Krebs, m. cancer; crab; crawfl&h; grain, hard 

particle (in day, etc.); knot (in ore, etc.). 
krebsartig, a, cancerous; crablike; crustaoeoua. 
Krebswurz, /. beechdrops (Leptamnium virgin' 

Kreide, /. chalk. 

kr^deartig, a. chalky, cretaceous, 
kr^dehaldg, a. containing chalk, cretaceous. 
Kr^demehi, n. powdered chalk. 
krdden, vU, chalk. 
£reldepapier, n. enameled paper. 
Kreidepulver, n. chalk powder. 
Kreidest^n, m. chalkstone. 
Kreidestift, m. crayon. 
kr^dig, a. chalky, cretaceous. 
Kreis, m. circle; circuit; orbit; district. 
Kreisaiisschnitt, m. sector. 
Kreisbaiin, /. circular path; orbit. 
Kretsbeweguitg, /. rotary motion, rotation. 
Kreisbogen, m. arc of a circle; circular arch, 
kreischen, v,u shriek, scream, (of fat) sizzle, 

(of bending tin) cry. 
Kreisd, m. top. 
Krelselrad, n. turbine. 
kreisen, v.i. circle, revolve, circulate. 
Kreisflache, /. circular area. 
kreiafttrmig, a. circular; roimd. 
Kreisgang, m. revolution. 
Krdslauf, m. cycle; circulation (of liquid or 

gfoO; drcular course, circuit. 
kreialaiifend, p.a. circulatory. 
Krddiide, /. circular line, circumference. 
Kreisprozess, tn. cyclic process, cycle. 
Kreispnmpe, /. circulating pump. 
kreisnmd, a. circular. 
Kr^sschicht,/. circular layer, (of a tree) annual 

kreiasen, v.i. labor (in (jhUdbirth). 
Krdaiimfang, m. drcumferenoe, periphery. 
Krempe, /. brim (of a hat). 
krempebi, v.t. card. 
Kronserweias, n. Kremnitz white. 
Kreoflol, n. creosol. 
Kreosot, n. creosote. 
krepitieren, v.t. crepitate, crackle. 
Krepp, m. cr^pe. 
KremA, n. cresol. 
Kresordn, n. cresorcinol. 
Kresottns&ure, /. cresotic add, cresotinic add. 
Kresse,/. cress. 
Kresyi, n. cresyl. 

Kresylsi&iire, /. cresylic add (cresol). 
Kreuz, n. cross; loins; rump. 
Krenzbeeren, =Kreuzdombeeren. 
Krenzbeln, n. sacrum. 
Krenzblnme, /. milkwort iPolygala), 

Krenzdom, m. buckthorn (Rhammu). 

Krenzdombeeren, buckthorn berries, Per- 
sian berries. 

kreozen, vJ. cross. 

kreazfSrmig, a. cross-shaped, crudform. 

Kreosshahn, m. four-way cock. 

&eiizkraut, n. groundsel (Senecio), 

Kreuzkttmmd, m. cumin. 

Krenzschmerz, m. lumbago. 

Kreuzstein, m. crossHstone (chiastolite, harmo- 
tome, staurolite). 

kribbeln, v.L tickle, irritate. 

kriebdn, v4. = kribbdn. 

kriechen, v.i. creep, crawL 

Krieg, m. war. 

krlegen, v.L seize, get.— «.t. make war. 

krimpen, vA. shrink (doth). 

KrimpfiUiigkeit, /. property of shrinking; (of 
wool) f dting property. 

Kringd, m. cracknd. 

Krippe, /. crib, manger. 

krisch, prei. of kreischen. 

krispeln, v4. pebble (leather). 

krist., abbrev. of kristallisiert, kristallinisch. 

Krist., (Mrev. of Kristall(e), Kristallisation. 

Kristall, m. crystal. 

Krjstallachse, /. crystal axis, crystallographic 

Krlstallanschnas, m. crop of crystals. 

kristallartig, a. crystal-like, crystalline. 

Kristailausscheldung, /. separation of crystals. 

Kristallbaii, m. crystal structure. 

KristaUbenzol, n. benzene of crystallization. 

KrlstailbUdung,/. formation of crystals, crystal- 
lization, (Sugar) granulation. 

ErlstailbOdungsponkt, m. iStigar) granulating 

KrlstttUchen, n. little crystal. 

KrlstallcUoroform, n. dilorof orm of crystalliza- 

Kristallf abrlk, /. glass works. 

Kristallf euditigkeit, /. crystallinfi humor (vitre- 
ous humor). 

Kristallflllche, /. crystal face. 

Kristallglasar, /. {Ceram.) crystalline glaze. 

kristallinisch, a. crystalline. 

KristaUisationsbassin, n. crystallizing basin, 
tank, or dstem. 

kristallisatlonafllldg, a. crystallizable. 

Kristallisationsgefiias, n. crystallizing vessd, 

KristalUsationswllrme, /. heat of crystallization. 

kristallisierbar, a. crystallizable. 

Kristaliisierbeliiilter, m. crystallizing reoep- 
tade, crystallizing tank. 

kristalllaleren, vJL & i. crystallize. 

KristallisiergeniaB, n. erysfesUizIng vessd, crys- 

KristaUiiierfldule, /. crystallizing dish. 
KriaUlliaienmg, /. crystallization, erystallizing. 




KristaUkeim, m. cryBtal nudeus, seed crystal. 

Kristallkem, m. nudeus of crystallizatioii. 

KristalUehre, /. erystallography. 

KristallUnse, /. cryBtalline lens. 

Kristalloberflkche, /. crygtal surface. 

Kristallographie, /. crystallography. 

kristall<^raphi8cli, a. crystallographic. 

Kristallsftnre, /. fuming sulfuric acid of high 
strength, forming a crystalline solid. 

Kristallsoda, /. soda crystals (NaiCOs.lOH20). 

Kristallstein, m. rock crsrstal. 

Kristallwaren, f.pL (crystal) glassware. 

Kristallwasser, n. crystal water, water of crys- 

kristallwasserfr^, a. free from water of crystal- 

kristallwasfltflialtig, a. containing crystal 

Kristallzaeker, m. refined sugar in crystals. 

Kriterinm, n. criterion. 

Kridk, /. criticism. 

kridsc^ a. critical. 

kritteln, v.i. carp at, criticize. 

kritzeln, v.u scribble; scratch. 

kroch, pret, of kriechen. 

KrokoniAure, /. croconic acid. 

Krone, /. crown; corolla; corona; wreath. 

kronenartig, a. like a crown, coronal; (Anat.) 

Kronenaufsatz, tn. column (of a still). 

Kronengold, n. crown gold. 

Kroni^as, n. crown g^ass. 

Kronzahn, m. eyetooth. 

Kropf, m. goiter; craw, crop; bend; (Paper) 

krdpfen, 9.(. bend at right angles, bend. 

Kropfrohr, m., Kropfrtfhre, /. bent tube, bent 

Kropfwnrz, /. » Knotenwurz. 

KropfiEyiinder, m. a glass cylinder with a wider 
upper part, hydrometer jar. 

krdaeln, v.L crumble (glass); groove. 

Krttte, /. toad. 

KrotonSI, n. croton oil. 

Krotonailiire, /. crotonic acid. 

Krttcke, /. crutch; rake, rabble, scraper, etc 
(of crutch shape). 

Krog, m. pitcher; jug, mug; jar, pot. 

Kmke, /. earthenware pot, jar or pitcher. 

kriilleii, r J. crumple. 

Krame, /. crumb, bit; black earth. 

krflmclig, a. enunbly, crumbling, crumby. 

krttmelii, v.i, crumble, crumb. — 9.a. crumble. 

Krtimrfziicker, m. (dextro)glucoae, dextrose. 

knimni, a. crooked, curved, boat. 

Knumndarm, m. ileum. 

krjimmen, vJ. curve, bend, crook. — 9.r. bend; 

Knimmliolz, n.'crooked or curved piece of wood; 
« Erummhdzbaum. 

Knunmholzbaimi, m., Krommholzfichte,. 
Krummholzkiefer, /. knee pine {Pinus mon" 
tana pumilio), 

KmmmliohESi, n. templin oil (from knee pine). 

krnmmlinig, a. curvilinear. 

Kritanmung, /. curvature; curve, bend, ainuoa* 
ity; crookedness. 

krttmpeln, v.t. crumple, pucker, crinkle. 

Kmpp, m, croup. 

Kruste, /. crust, incrustation. 

Krustentier, n. crustacean. 

kryohydratisch, a. cryohydric. 

Kryolith, m. cryolite. 

Kryophor, n. cryophorus. 

Kryoskopie, /. cryoscopy. 

Krjrstall, m. crystal (for compounds see Kris- 

Kubebe, /. cubeb. 

KUbd, m. vat, tub, pail. ^ 

kabieren, vJ. cube. 

Kubikwurzd, /. cube root. 

Kubikzahl, /. cube. 

Kubikzendmeter, m. & n. cubic centimeter. 

kubisch, a. cubic, cubical. 

Kubus, m. cube. 

Kiiche, /. kitchen; cooking, cookery; 

Knchen, tn. cake. 

Kiichengewi&clus, n. kitchen herb. 

Ktichensalz, n. conunon salt. 

Kttchlein, n. little chicken, pullet. 

Kufe, /. vat, tun, tub. 

Kiifer, m. cooper; butler. 

Kugel, /. bulb; ball, sphere, globe; shot. 

kngeUUinUch, a. spheroidal; ball-like. 

Kugelapparat, m. bulb apparatus (e. g., potash 

Kttgelchen, n. small bulb; globule; pellet; 
small ball. 

Kugeldiorit, m. globular diorite. . 

Kugelfl&che, /. spherical surface. 

Kugelflasche, /. balloon fiask, spherical flask. 

kngelfiirmig, a. globular, spherical. 

kngelig, a. globular, spherical, globose. 

Kngdkuhler, m. ball condenser, spherical con- 

Kageliinse, /. spherical lens. 

Kagelmtthle, /. baU mill. 

kogeln, vJ. & t. roll. 

Kugdrohr, n., Kugelrdhre, /. bulb tube (tube 
with*one or more bulbar enlargements). 

Kugelspiegd, m. spherical mirror. 

Kngelstopfen, m. bulb stopper, globular stopper. 

Kngeltee, m. gunpowder tea. 

Kogelventil, n. ball valve. 

Kogelvoriage, /. spherical (or globular) re- 

Knh, /. cow. 

kttU, a. cool. 

Ktthlapparat, m, cooling apparatus; cooler; 
refrigerator; condenser. 



Kihlb^tikh, m. eooling tub, eooier. 

fcihlfiii, vjL coai, refrigerate. 

KMUer, m. eondefiiaer; eooier; refriferator. 

KlklcrgeateB, n. eondenaer 

KiUennatcl, m. ecmdenaer 

KMUerretorte, /. eondenaer retort. 

KflfedfaflB, n. eooUng vwfil, eooling vat, eoding 

KSUcefilflB, m. eooling veaeel, eooier; refriger- 
ator; eondenaer. 

KflUgellger, n. iBreuring) wort sediment, drega. 

Kahlkammer, /. eooling chamber. 

KflUmittcl, n. refrigerant. 

KflUofen, m. cocking oven, annpaling fumaee. 

KttUpfiuuie, /. cooling pan, cooler. 

KttUrohr, n. eooling tube, condenser; refrig- 
erating pipe. 

KOhlaalz, n. refrigerating salt. 

KilUsehlff, n. {Brewing) coding baek, eooier. 

KJIUacUaBge, /. worm (for distOling), eooling 

r, n. cooling water; {Pharm.) lead 

KHUwirkong, /. cooling effect. 

Kahmflch, /. cow's milk. 

Kokmiat, m. cow dung. 

kilhn, a. bold. 

Kobpockengift, n. vaccine vinia. 

Knloiniz, m. com, maize. 

Kttlbeben, n. (jGlaas) ball, piece, lump. 

KulilawanSi, n. culilawan oil. 

knllnarisch, a. culinary. 

KnHaoo, /. coulisse (something that dides). 

Koltor, /. civilization; culture; cultivation. 

Koltorhefe, /. culture yeast. 

Knltnrstaat, m. civilized state (or nation). 

Knltarstafe, /. stage of civilization. 

KnltorversadM m. cultivation experiment. 

KaminsAnre, /. cumic aeid, cuminic add. 

Kttnunel, m. caraway; (rSmiseher) cumin; 

kUmmel (the liqueur). 
Kiimmddl, n. caraway oil; cumin oil. 
Kummer, m. sorrow, trouble. 
kfimmeriich, a. needy, scanty. 
kttmmon, v.t. trouble, concern. 
Komol, n. cumene. 
Kompe, /. (Dyeing) basin, vessel. 
Komys, m. kumiss. 
kand, a. known, public. 
Kunde, /. knowledge, information, science; 

Konde, m. customer; client. 
kondig, a. learned, expert, skilful, intelligent. 
Kttndigong, /. notice, warning. 
KundaehafI, /. notice, information, knowledge; 

custom, patronage. 
kttnftig, a. future, coming, to be. 
Kunst, /. art; profession; skill; work (of art). 
Kunst-. artificial: technical: art. 


m. tfirhnieal tym. 
/• art bronae. 
KuMtbatter, /. artificial batter, oleomargarine. 
KuMldtaf er, «. artificial manure, fertilizer. 
Knnatcia, n. artificial iee. 
KoMtferOgkeit, /. teehnieal akilL 
KuHlfett. n, artificial fat (or grease). 
Knaatfeacrwcrkerei, /. pyrotechnica. 
Konatfleifla, m. industry. 
Knaamrtnerei, /. hcnrtieultore; nunery. 
Kuaatgew e rbe, n. useful art. 
KanaCgewe t bet h nle, /. polytedmie aehooL 
KuBstglaaa, m. artificial luster. 
Knaatgriir, m. artifice, trick, device. 
KnaaUiefe, /. artifieial yeast. 
KanathHlmWrf, ik artifieial remedy, aynthetie 

Konadedcr, ». artifieial leather. 
Knnatieiire, /. technology, tedmica. 
KOBsUer, m. artist; artificer. 
kiinwtilrh, a. artifieial; artful, ingenioua. 
Kunatmittel, n. artifieial means. 
KunatproduU, n. artificiai product. 
Konatrichter, m. critic. 
Konataeide. /. artificial silk. 
Konataprache, /. teehnieal language. 
Konatatein, m. artificial stone. 
Konatstilck, «. feat, tridc 
Konatdachler, m. cabinet makM*. 
Konatwerk, n. work of art. 
Knnatwdle, /. shoddy, 
kanterbant, a, party-colored; topey-turvy. 
Kiipe, /. vat; boiler, copper. 
kupdlieren, sX cupd. 
kttpen, «.(. vat-dye, vat. 
Kttpenartlkd, m. {Calico) vat style. 
Kttpenbad, n. 6ye liquor. 
Kiipenfiirba>, m. vat dyer. 
Kfipenfarbetoff, m. vat djre. 
Kilpenfilrbang/ /. vat dyeing. 
Kupfer, n. copper.^ 
Kupferamraonlnm, n. cupr(o)ammonium, 

Schweitsra^'s reagent. 
Knpferantimonglanz, m. chalcostibite. 
Knpto'asche, /. copper scale. 
KapferUaa, n. blue verditer, azurite. 
Kupf<n*blech, n. sheet copper, copper foil. 
KupferUeiyitrioi, m. linarite. 
KupferUttte,/. copper bloom (capillary cuprite). 
KupCwbraun, n. tile ore (earthy ferruginous 

Knpferbromid, n. copper (specif., cupric) 

Kupferbromttr, n. cuprous bromide. 
Kupferchlorid, n. copper (specif., cupric) 

Kupferchlorttr, n. cuprous chloride. 
Knpfercyanid, n. copper cyanidct specif., cupric 

Kupfereyanttr, n. cuprous cyanide. 




Kapferdom, m. sUtg from liquated copper. 

Kupterdnht, m, copper wire. 

Kapferdrock, m. copperplate. 

Kupferelektrode, /. copper electrode, (in a vol- 
taic ceil) negative electrode. 

Kapfererz* n. copper ore. 

KupferfiBUerz, n. tetrahedrite; tennantite. 

Kupferfedererz, n. = Kupf erblttte. 

KopferfeOieht, n. copper filings. 

KapferfoUe, /. copper foil. 

Kupfergarmachen, n. copper refining. 

Ku^ergehalt, m. copper content. 

Kupfn'gelst, m. spirit of verdigris (mistore of 
acetic add and acetone obtained by distilling 

Kupfergewinnnng, /. extracdon of copper. 

Kupferglanzy m. copper stance (chalcodte). 

Kapfergias, n. chalcodte. 

Kupreri^lmmer» m. chalcophyllite; micaceous 
copper (copper made brittle by the presence 
of fordgn oxides, formed in refining). 

Kupferglttlispan, m. copper scale. 

Kapfergoid, n. Mannheim gold (kind of brass). 

Kupfergriin» n. copper green (verditer; verdi- 

kupferhaltig, a. containing copper, cupriferous, 

Kupferhydrozyd, n. copper hydroxide, q>ecif ., 
cupric hydroxide. 

Kupf^'hydroxydol, n. cuprous hydroxide. 

Kni^erindig, m. indigo copper (covellite). 

Kapferjodid, n. copper (specif., cupric) iodide. 

Kttpferjodiir, n. cuprous iodide. 

Kupferldes, m. copper pyrites (ehalcopyrite).^ 
bunter Kupferldes, bomite. 

knpferkieshaltig, a. containing copper pyrites. 

KnpferkSnig, m. copper regulus. 

Kapferlasur, /. azurite. 

Knpferleglemng, /. copper alloy. 

Kapfermangan, n. cupromanganese. 

Kapfermiinze, /. copper coin, 

kupfem, v,L treat with copper, copper. 

Knpfemickel, m. copper-nickd (niccolite). 

Knpferocher, Kupferocker, m. « Kupferbraun. 

Knpferoxyd, n. copper (specif., cupric) oxide. 

Kupferoi^dsalz, n. cupric salt. 

Kupferoxydol, n. cuprous oxide. 

Kupferoxydolsalz, n. cuprous salt. 

KupferoxydalverMndimg, /. cuprous compound. 

Kupferoxydverbindung, /. cupric compound. 

Kn^erpecherz, n. = Kupferbraun. 

Kapferplatte, /. copper plate, copperplate. 

Kapferpol, m. {Eke) copper pole (negative 

Kupferprobe, /. copper assay, test for copper. 

Kupferraach, m. copper smoke, copper fumes, 
white vitridL 

Kupferregen, m. » Streukupf er. 

Knpferrhodanat, -rliodanid, n. copper thiooya- 
nate, specif ., cupric thiocyanate. 

Kupferrhodantlr, n. cuprous thiocyanate. 
Knpferrohr, n., Kupferrfthre, /. copper tube» 

copper pipe. 
Ka^errohatetn, m. raw copper matt. 
Kn^errost, m. copper rust, verdigris (greenish 

coating on exposed copper). 
Kupferrot, n. red copper (cuprite). 
Kupfersalz, n. copper salt. 
Kupferaammeterz, n. velvet copper ore (cyano- 

Ku^erschaam, m. (Metal.) copper scum; 

(Afft.) tyrolite. 
Knpferachlange, /. copper coll. 
Knpferschwftrze, /. black copper (melaconite). 
Kapfersllbergianz, m. stromeyerite. 
Kupfersinter, m. copper scale; copper pyrites. 
Kupferamaragd, m. emerald copper (dioptase). 
Knpferspiritos, m. «= Kupfergeist. 
Kupferstahl, m. copper steel. 
Kupferstechen, n. copper engraving. 
Kapfo'stelii, m. copper matt. — blaaiger Kop- 

ferstein, pimple metal. 
Kupfersttch, m. copper engraving. 
Kuj^ersulfat, n. copper sulfate, cupric sulfate. 
Kni^ersiilfld, n. copper (specif., cupric) sulfide. 
Kupfensnlfttr, n. cuprous sulfide. 
Knpferverbindong, /. copper compound. 
KupfervitHol, m. blue vitriol, copper sulfate. 
Kupferwaeser, n. copperas (Oba,); ^Mining) 

copper water, cement water. 
Kupferwaeserstoff, m. copper hydride. 
Kupferaiegelerz, n. » Kupferbraun. 
Kapfarzyanid, n. » Kupfercyanid. 
Kupferzyanilr, n. cuprous cyanide. 
ku^rig, a. copporlike, coppery. 
Kupolofen, m. cupola furnace or kiln, cupola. 
Kuppe, /. top, summit, tip. 
Knppel, /. cupola, dome. 
kappein, vA. & t. couple; (Dtfeing) devdop. 
Kappdangsbad, n. {Dffeing) devdoping bath. 
Knppelungsflotte,/. (Dyeing) devdoping liquor. 
Knppler, m. coupler; (Dyeing) devdoper. 
Kupri-. See Cupri-. 
Knprit, m. cuprite. 
Kapro-. See Cupro-. 
Knr, /. cure, treatment. 
Knrbei, /. crank, winch. 
Kiirbis, m. gourd; pumpkin. 
Kiirblsbaum, m. gourd tree, calabash tree. 
Kiirbiakorh, n., KiLrbiasainen, m. pumpkin 

kiiren, v.t, choose, dect. 
Knrkoma, /. curcuma, turmeric. 
Kurkomi^db, n. curcumin. 
Kurkomapapler, n. turmeric paper. 
Karkomawurad, /. turmeric. 
KoromoJUtt, n. curomoji oil. 
Kurort, m. health resort. 
Kurrentbnehstabeii,, italics. 
Kara, m. exchange; circulation; course. 




Knrsbneh, n. railway guide. 

Ktlracluier, m. furrier. 

karslereii, v.i. be current. 

karsiy, a. italic 

KarstTBchrift, /. italics. 

Kursos, m. course. 

Korswert, m. exchange value. 

Knrve, /., Knnrenbild, n. curve. 

Kwrvenast, m, branch of a (or the) curve. 

Kurvenschar, /. group or system of curves. 

knrx, a. short. — ^kmrze Flotte, concentrated dye 

korarmlg, a. short-armed, short-arm, short- 
beam (balance). 

knnbrftdhig, a. short, brittle. 

Kttrae, /. shortness, brevity. 

kurahaarig, a. short-haired; (of wool) short 

kfirdieh, a. late, recent. 

korzacliliessen, v.t, (EUe.) short-circuit. 

Karzschluss, m. (Elee.) short circuit. 

kunssichtig, a. near-sighted, short-sighted. 
kamkallg, a. short-seale(d). 
Knristilbchen, n. bacillus. 
Kurawaren, /.pi. small wares. 
Knrzweil, /. pastime, amusement. 
kurzwdUg, a. of short wave length, short-wave. 
Koss, m. kiss. 
Kttste, /. coast, shore. 
Kilster, m. saoistan, sexton. 
Kostos, m. keeper, custodian. 
Kutsche, /. coach, carriage. 
Kutscher, m. coachman, driver. 
Kntte, /. cowl. 
Knvert, n. envelope; cover. 
Kuvette, /. bulb. 

KW-stoff, aJbbrev. (KohlenwaaserstoflF) hydro- 
Kyan&thin, n. kyanethine (or cyanethine). 
Kyanidin, n. kyanidine (or cyanidine). 
kyaniaieren, v.t. kyanize. 
KynureiuslUirey /. kynurenic add. 

I., abbreo, (lOalich) soluble; (lies) read. 

Laab, n. — Lab. 

Lab. n. rennet. 

lab., ahhrev, (labil) labfle. 

Labdanbarz, n. labdanum. 

LabdiUse, /. peptic gland. 

laben, 0.t. curdle with rennet; refresh. 

Labessenz, /. rennet. 

labfl, a. labile, unstable. 

Labkraut, n. galium. 

Laborant, m. chemist. 

Laboratioiistax.e, /. tax on chemists. 

LatMKatoriam, n. laboratory. , 

laborieren, v.u practise diemistry; labor. 

Labpulyer, n. rennet powder. 

Labradorstein, m. Labrador stone, labradorite. 

Lache, /. laugh, laughter. 

I&chdn, v.u smile. 

lachen, v.i. laugh. 

I&cherilch, a. laughable, ludicrous. 

Lachgas, n. laughing gas. 

Lachs, m. salmon. 

lachsfarbig, a. salmon-colored. 

Lack, m. lac; lake; lacquer, japan; varnish. 

Lackbildner, m. lake former. 

Lackfarbe, /. varnish color; lake; lac dye. 

lackfiarbig, a. laky, laked. 

Lackfimis, m. lac varnish, lacquer; lake varnish. 

lackiM'en, v.t. lacquer, japan. 

Laddack, m. lac lake. 

Laddeder, n. japanned leather, patent leather. 

Lackmns, m. litaius. 

Lackmosflechte, /. litmus lichen, archil. 

Lackmospapier, n. litmus paper. 

Lacmns, m. litmus. 

Lact-. See also Lakt-. 

Lacton^ore, /. laetonic add, lactone acid (a 

compound which is both an acid and a lac> 

tone); laetonic acid, ct-galactonic acid. 
Ladangummi, n.. labdanum. 
Lade, /. chest, box, case; {Founding) flask, 
laden, oX load, charge; summon, invite; (Elee.) 

Laden, m. store, shop; shutter. 
Ladendiener, m. salesman, shopman. 
Ladenfenster, n. store window, shop window. 
Ladenpreis, m. retail price. 
Ladentiach, m. counter. 
Laderaum, m. exploding chamber. 
Ladnng, /. charge; load; cargo; charging, 


Ladnngasinii, m, (EleeJ) nature of a charge, 

Laffe, m. fop. 

lag, preL of Uegen. 

Lage, /. layer, stratum, bed; coat, coating; 
state, position, situation, attitude; quire (of 
paper); (Textilea) lap. 

L&gel, n. barr^, keg. 

Lager, n. bed, layer, stratum; store, stock; 
storehouse; camp; bed, couch; lair; stand 
(for casks); (Meek.) bearing, bush. 

Lagerbock, m. (Mach.) pedestal. 

Lagerbuchse, -bUchm, /. (Maeh.) bush, 

lagerecht, a. fast to storing^ 

Lagerfass, n. storage vat or cask. 

LagerkeDer, m. storage cellar. 

Lagermetall, n. bush metal, bearing metal. 

lagem, v.i. lie stored; lie down; camp. — v.t. 
store; lay down, deposit. 

Lagerprozess, m. storage process. 

Lagerraum, m. store room, warehouse room. 

lagerreif, a. aged. 

Lagerst&tte, /. deposit, bed. 

Lagemng, /. arrangement; stratification, bed- 
ding; grain (of a stone); storage; lying 
down; encampment. 

lageweise, adv. in layers, in strata. 

lahm, a. lame. 

UUimen, vJ. paralyze, cripple, lame. 

L&hmimg, /. lameness, paralysis. 

Lahn, m. flattened wire; tinsel. 

Laib, m. loaf. 

Laich, m. spawn. 

Laie, m. layman. 

Lake, /. brine, pickle. 

Laken, n. sheet; doth. 

Lakmua, m. litmus. 

Lakritze, /., LakriCz, Lakriz, m. licorice. 

Lakritzensaft, m. extract of licorice. 

Lakt-. See also Lact-. 

Laktarinmure, /. lactarinic add. 

Laktarsttore, /. lactaric add. 

Laktat, n. lactate. 

Lakton, n. lactone. 

laUen, v.i. stammer, babble. 

Lambertsnnss, /. filbert. 

laminio-en, v.L laminate; (Spinning) draw. 

Lamm, n. lamb. 

lAmmerwoUe, /. lamb's wool. 

Lampe, /. lamp. 





Lunpenarbdt, /. (GUus) blast-lamp work, aa 
distinguished from foundry work. 

Lampendocht* m. lamp wick. 

Lampenfieber, n. stage fright. 

Lampenroaa, m,, Lampenschwan, n. lamp- 

Land, n. land; country. 

Land-, land, country, rural, agricultural, pro- 

Landbau, m. agriculture. 

Landenge, /. isthmus. 

Landes-. state, national, of a country; native, 
home; land. 

Landesfarben, national colors. 

Landgut, n. estate. 

Landhaus, n. country house. 

Landkarte, /. map. 

Landkrankheit, /. endemic disease. 

landkundig, a. notorious. 

landl&ufig, a. customary, current. 

Landleben, n. coimtry life. 

i&ndlich, a. rural; rustic. 

Landmann, m. farmer, countryman, rustic 

Landmesser, m. surveyor. 

Landpartic, /. picnic, outing. 

Landp<rfizei, /. rural police. 

Landachaft, /. province, state; landscape. 

Landsee, m. lake. 

Landaeuche, /. epidemic. 

Landsitz, m. country seat. 

Landsmann, m. countryman. 

Landstadt, /. inland town, country town. 

Landstrasse, /. highway. 

Landstrich, m. district; climate. 

Landsturm, m. general levy, levy in mass. 

Landtog, m. diet, legislature. 

Landvogt, m. governor. 

Landwehr, /. first home reserve, militia. 

Landwirt, m. farmer. 

Landwirtschaft, /. agriculture. 

landwirtachaftiich, a. agriculturaL 

lang, a. long; tall; (of wine, etc.) ropy- — 
lange Flotte, dilute dye liquor. 

lange, adv. long; far. 

Lttnge, /. length; longitude; tallness. 

Lttngebruch, m. longitudinal fracture. 

langeifitarmig, a. of extended oval shape. 

langen, v.u suffice; reach. — vA. seize, take. 

Lilngenaasdehnimg, /. linear expansion. 

Lftngenbruch, m. longitudinal fracture. 

Lftngendarchschnltt, m. longitudinal section. 

Lftngengrad, m. degree of longitude. 

Lllngenmass, n. linear measure. 

langgestielt, p.a. long-handled. 

langgestreckt, p.a. extended, elongated. 

langbaarlg, a. long-haired; flossy (silk); long- 
staple (wool). 

langhalsig, a. long-necked. 

Iftngllch, a. oblong. 

UngUchrund, a. elliptical, oval. 

Langmnt, /. patience, forbearance. 

langmiid, a. ovaL 

UUigB, prep, along. 

Lings-. longitudinaL 

langaam, a, slow. 

Langsambinder, m. dow-aetting cement. 

Langschliff, m. long-fibered mechanical pulp. 

iJIngadiircfaaclinitt, m. longitudinal section. 

Lingsebene, /. longitudinal plane. 

Langsein, n. (of wine) ropiness. 

Ungastreifen, m. longitudinal stripe or atria. 

ULngst, a. longest. — adv. long ago. 

LangBl&bchen, n. badllua. . 

langstapelig, a. long-staple. 

U&ngstens, adv. at the longest. 

LangweOe, /. ennui, boredom, tedium. 

langweilen, vA. tire, bore. 

langwellig, a. of long wave length, long-wave. 

langwierig, a. protracted, wearisome. 

Ijinthan, n. lanthanum. 

Lanae, /. lance. 

L&ppchen, n. lobe; flap, rag. 

Lappen, m. flap; rag; lobe. 

lappig, a. lobed,' lobate; flabby, flaccid. 

L&rche, /., Larchenbaom, m. larch. 

Lftrchenharz, n. larch resin, Venetian turpen- 

LarchenpUz, L&rchenschwamm, m. purging 
agaric {Polyporus ojSMnalis). 

L&rm, Lftrmen, m. noise, alarm. 

Larve, /. larva; mask. 

las, pret. of lesen. 

laaiM'en, vA. glaze. 

lassen, v.t. let, leave, yield, allo^ have (some- 
thing done). — 0.t. desist; look, 8uit.-r-gelas- 
aen, p.a. patient, calm. 

I&seig, a. negligent, lazy. 

Ulast, pr.t&S sing, of lassen. 

Last, /. load, burden, weight. 

lasten, v.i. weigh. 

Laster, n. vice; crime. 

I&stem, V.L slander, abuse. 

liistig, a. burdensome, irksome. 

Lasur, /. azure; azurite; glazing. 

Lasnr, m. lapis lazuli. 

Lasurfarbe, /. azure; grazing color. 

Lasurit, m. azurite; lapis lazulL 

Lasurspat, m. lazulite. 

Lasurstein, m. lapis lazuli. 

lateinisch, a. Latin; roman Getters). 

Laterns, /. latency. 

Laterne,/. lantern; lamp. 

Latsche, Latschenkiefer, /. knee pine (Ptnus 
montana pumilio). 

Latschenfil, n. templin oil. 

Latte, /. lath. 

Lattich, m. lettuce. 

Latwerge, /. {Pharm.) electuary, confection. 

Latz, m. bib, flap, stomacher. 

lau, a. tepid, lukewarm; mild. 




Laab» n. foliage, leaves. 

Lanbe, /. arbor, bower; hall. 

Laabbolz, n. leaved trees, dedduous trees. 

Lanch, m. leek. 

lavcluu'tig, a. Uke or of the nature of leeks. 

lanchgrttn, a. leek-^reen. 

Laaer, m. iDisHUing) low wine. 

laaem, v.i. lurk, watch. 

Lanf, m. course, path, run, race, current; (gun) 

Laufbalm, /. race course; career; {Mfich.) run, 

Laafbarsche, m. errand boy. 

laufen, v.i, run; go, move, turn; leak. — lauf- 
end, p.a, running, current; consecutive 
(numbers). — laofendes Bad, ^Dyeing) stand- 
ing, bath. 

Liliifer, m. runner; muUer; rammer; slider. 

Ulufermtthle, /. edge mill. 

Laofgiasor, /. (Ceram.) flow s^aase. 

Lanfkrahn, m. travding a'ane. 

Laofpass, m. dismissal. 

Laofpfanne, /. (Sugar) cooler. 

Lauge, /. lye; (in many technical phrases) 
liquor; {Bleaching) buck. 

laugen, vA. lye, steep in lye; buck; lixiviate. 

langenartig, a. of the nature of, or resembling, 
lye, alkaline, (Old Chem.) lixivial. 

Langenbad, n. lye bath, lye, liquor. 

laagenecht, a/fast to (caustic) lye. 

Laugenflttssigkeit, /. liquor. 

laugenhafl, a. like lye, alkaline. 

Laugenmesser, m. alkaUmeter. 

Laugensalz, n. {Old Chem.) alkaline salt, lixivial 
salt. — ^fliichtiges Laugensalz, sal volatile 
(commercial ammonium carbonate). — min- 
eralisches Laugensalz, sodium carbonate. — 
vegetabUisches Laugensalz, potassium car- 

laugensalzig, a. {Old Chem,) alkaline, lixivial. 

Laagenwasser, n. lye. 

Langerei, /. lixiviation. 

langig, a, « laugenartig. 

Laane, /. humor, temper. 

laonig, a. humorous. 

launisch, a. moody, freakish. 

Laurinfett, n. laurin. 

Laorins&ure, /. lauric acid. 

Laos, /.louse; {fech.) a fault of some kind, as 
a knot in wool or a light spot on a dyed 

lanschen, v.i. listen. 

lanscldg, a. cosy. 

LausekSrner, n.pL stavesacre seed; cocculus 
indicus; sabadilla seed. 

lant, a. loud; public. — prep, according to. 

Lant, m. sound; tone. 

lautbar, a. audible; public; notorious. 

Lante, /. lute; {Dyeing) crutch. 

iaiiten, v.i. sound; run, read. 

Uaten, vA. & i, ring. 

lanter, a. pure; dear, genuine, unalloyed; mere. 

Liiater, m. » Lauot. 

Lftnter— purifying, refining, darifying. 

Lftuterbatterie, /. (BremtHir) underlet. 

Lanterbeize, /. (in turkey red dydng) white 

Liiaterboden, m. {Brewing) false bottom, 

lituterbotticli, m. {Brewing) straining vat, dari- 

• fying tub. 
Lftnterflasche, /. washing bottle (for gases). 
Lantermaisehe,/. {Brewing) liquid part of mash. 
Iftutem, vA. purify, refine, dear, darif y, rectify, 

Lttnterofen, m. refining furnace (or kiln). 
Lftnterpfanne, /. {Sugar) defecator. 
L&utertuch, n. filtering cloth. 
Lilatemng, /. purification, etc (see lilutem). 
Lftutenmi^smittei, n. purifying agent. 
lauwarm, a. lukewarm. 
Lavendel, m, lavender. 
Lilvo-. levo-, laevo-. 
l&vogyr, a. levorotatory. 
Ulvullnsfture, /. levulinic add. 
L&vulose, /. levulose. 
Lawine, /. avalanche. 
Laxanz, /. laxative. 
huderen, vA. purge.^ — laxierend, p,a. purging, 

Laxiermittel, n. laxative, purgative. 
Laxiersalz, n. laxative salt. — englisches Laxicr- 

sidz, Epsom salt. 
Lazarett, n. hospital. 
Leben, n. life. 

leben, v.i. live. — lebender Kalk, quicklime. 
lebendig, a. living, live. — lebendlger Kalk, 

Lebensbaum, m. arbor-vitae. 
Lebensdauer, /. life period; life, lifetime. 
lebensfltlilg, a. capable of living; {Med.) viable. 
Lebensf&higkelt, /. capadty for living, vitality; 

Lebenshoiz, n. lig^um-vitae. 
Lebenskraft, /. vital force; vitality. 
Lebenslehre, /. biology. 
Lebensluft, /. {Old Chem.) vital air (oxygen). 
Lebenduftmesser, m. eudiometer. 
Lebensmittel, provisions, victuals. 
Lebensordnang, /. regimen, diet. 
Lebensprozess, m. vital process. 
Lebenssaft, m. vital fluid; {Bot.) latex. 
Lebensstrafe, /. capital punishment. 
Lebensunterhalt, m. living, subsistence. 
Lebensverrichtung, /. vital function. 
Lebensversicherong, /. life insurance. 
Lebensvorgang, m. vital process. . 

Lebenswandel, m. life, conduct. 
Lebenswasser, n. aqua-vitae (spirits). 
Lebensweise, /. mode of life. 




Leber, /. liver; hepar. 

Leber-, hepatic. 

Leberblnme, /., Leberblttmdieiit n. hepatiea, 

Lebereisenerz, n. pyrrhotite. 
Lebererz, n. hepatic ore, eep. hepatic cinnabar 

(liver-brown cinnabar). 
Leberkies, m. pyrrhotite. 
Leberklette, /. agrimony (Agrimonia eupor 

Leberkrant, n. liverwort, hepatica. 
Leberopol, m. menilite (brown opaque opal). 
Leberstiirke, /. glycogen. 
Leberstein, m, hepatite (fetid variety of barite) ; 

biliary calculus, gallstone. 
Lebertran, m. codliver oil. 
Lebewesen, n. living being, organism. 
Lebewohl, n. farewell. 
lebhaft, a. lively, brisk, active; vivacious; 

bright, vivid, gay (colors). 
leMos, a, lifeless, inanimate. 
Lecanors&ure, /. lecanoric add. 
Lech, m. (MetaZ.) regulus, matt, metal. 
lechzen, v.i. thirst. 
Leek, m. & n. leak. 
lecken, v,u leak. 
lecken, v.t. & i. lick. 
lecker, a. dainty, nice. 
Leckerei, /. dainty, sweetmeat; daintiness. 
Leder, n. leather. 

Lederabfall, m. leather waste, leather cuttings. 
Lederband, m. leather binding. 
Lederetui, n. leather case. 
ledergelb, a. buff. 
Ledergummi, n. = Lederharz. 
Lederhandel, m. leather trade. 
Lederharz, n. (India) rubber. 
Lederhaut, n. true skin, corium. 
Lederleim, m. g^ue from leather waste, 
ledern, a. of leather, leathern. 
Lederpappe, /. leather board. 
Lederschmiere, /. {Leather) d6gras, dubbing. 
Lederzucker, m. marshmallow paste; (braoner) 

licorice paste. 
ledig, a. exempt; devoid; unmarried. 
ledlglich, adv. only, solely, merely, entirely. 
leer, a. empty; blank; void; vacant. 
Leerdarm, m. jejunum. 
Leere, /. vacuum; emptiness; vacancy; gage, 

leeren, vd, empty, evacuate. 
Leerfass, n. (JPaper) emptying vat. 
Lefze, /. lip. 
legen, vJU lay; put, place, plant.— «.r. lie down; 

abate; devote oneself. 
legio'en, vJL alloy. 
Legierai^, /. alloy; alloying. 
Legamincise, /. legume; pea meaL 
Lehen, n. fief, fee. 
Lehm, m. loam. 

Lehmguss, m. loam casting 

lehmig, a. loamy. 

Lehmkalk, m. argillocaldtc ya^-z^' i* u ■ le- 

Lehmkitt, m. loam lute. 

Lehmmergel, m. loamy marl- 

Lehmstein, m. imbumt brick . > > 

Lehne, /. slope; support; 1 ,,.1. ;. ■■ ' ; 


lehnen, v.t. lean. 

Lelirbucli,^n. text-book. 

Lehre,/. teaching, instruction, . ' • 

-ology, lesson; apprentici -. ■^^. 
gage; balance; centering. 

lehren, v.L teach, instruct, l* 1'. 

Lehrer, m. teacher. 

Lehrfach, n. teaching; branch o^ <^> 

Lehrkursus, m. course of study. 

Lehrling, m. apprentice. 

Lehrmtttel, n. instruction materia^ means of 

lehrreich, a. instructive. 

Lehrstelle, /. teaching position. 

Leib, m. body; belly; waist. 

Leibesfrucht, /. fetus. 

Leichdorn, m. com (callosity). 

Leiche, /.' corpse, cadaver; funeral. 

Leichenalkaloid, n. putrefactive alkaloid, pto- 

Lelchenbeschauer, m. coroner. 

Leichenbestatter, m. undertaker. 

Leichenbase, /. putrefactive base, ptomaine. 

Leichenfett, n. adipocere. 

Leichentuch, n. pall, shroud. 

Leichenwachs, n. adipocere. 

Leichnam, m. corpse, cadaver. 

leicht, a. light; easy; slight. — adv» easily, read- 
ily, lightly, slightly. 

lelchtbeweglich, a. (of liquids) mobile. 

leichtentzundlich, a. easOy inflanomable. 

leichtflttchtig, a. readily volatile. 

leichtfliissig, a. easily fusible; easily liquefiable; 

Leichtfrucht, /. light grain (as oats, emmer). 

leichtglaubig, a. credulous. 

Leichtigkeit, /. lightness; facility, ease. 

leichtlebig, a. lighthearted. 

leichtloslich, a. easily soluble. 

Leichtmetall, n. light metal (of sp. gr. less than 
5; sometimes applied specifically to the alkali 
' and alkaline-earth metals). 

Leichtdl, n. light oil. 

leichtfidnnig, a. frivolous. 

Leid, n. sorrow, pain; wrong, harm; mourning. 

leiden, vJl. suffer; undergo.— v.i. st^er. 

Lriden, n. suffering, distress; ailment^ malady. 

LeidenschafI, /. passion. 

leider, adv. unfortunately; alas. 

leidig, a. fatal; evil; tiresome. 




leidUch, a. tolerable, passable, fair. 

Leidwesen, n. sorrow, regret. 

Lrier, /. lyre. 

leiem, r.t. play the lyre; harp, drawl. 

leihen, v4. lend; borrow. 

Leim, m. glue; size. — farbloser Leim, wdsser 

Leim, gelatin. — pflanzlicher Leim, gluten. 
leimartig, a. gluey, glutinous, gelatinous. 
leinieii, vJ. glue; size. — l^mend, p.a. adhesive, 

agglutinative. — ganz leimen {Paper) hard- 
Leimfarbe, /. duitemper; (Paper) size color. 
Leimfass, n. (Paper) size tank, glue tank. 
Leimfesfigkeit, /. (Paper) resistanoe (impend- 

ousness) due to sizing. 
leimgebend, p.a. yidding glue, gelatigenous. 
Leimglanz, tn. (Leather) size. 
Leimgat, n. material for making g^ue, glue 

I^mig, a. fi^uey, glutinous. 
Leimled^, n. leather scraps for making glue. 
Leimlttsong, /. glue solution. 
Leimniederscfalaj, m. (Soap) » Ldmsiedemie- 

Leimprober, m, glue tester. 
Leimseife, /. filled soap (in which the glycerin 
. and lye are allowed to remain). 
' Leimsieder, m. glue boiler. 
Leimsiederniederschlag, m. the solution of soap 

in salt lye which forms as an under layer in 

making curd soap. 
Ldmstoff, m. glutei. 
Leimsubstanz, /. gelatigenous substance. 
Leimsfiss, n. glycine, glycoooU. 
Leimong, /. gluing; sizing. 
Leimwasser, n. glue water; size. 
Ldmzncker, m. glycine, glycooolL 
-Idiu little, small, -let, -kin. 
Ldn» tn. flax; linseed. 
Leine,y. line, cord. 
Leinen, n. linen. 
l^nen, a. linen. 
Txiinfimlg, m. linseed varnish (tiiickened linseed 


Ldnkrant, n. toadflax. 

Letnkachen, m. linseed cake, oil cake. 

LeiiimeU, m. linsee^^meaL 

Leindl, n. linseed oil. 

firinMtlmia, m. linseed oil varnish. 

hebMAure, /. linoleic add. 

Leiiiaitrodcenprozefl8» m. drjring of linseed oil. 

LdnpflsDze, /. flax. 

Leinaamen, m. flaxseed, linseed. 

LeinsamemnehU n. flaacaeed meal, linseed meal. 

IifiiniMuiiengi, linseed oil. 

Lelnwand, /. Ikien; (painter's) canvas. 

Lefnwandband, m. doth binding. 

leiae, a. low, soft; dight. — adv. low, softly. 

Leiste, /. ledge, border; list, selvage; groin. 

LeisteB, m. last. 

leisten, v.L do, perform, accomplish, render, pay. 

Leistnng, /. work, performance, service; (me- 
chani(al) power; doing, rendering. 

Leistungsfllhlgkelt, /. serviceability, power, 
ability; (Afec^) eflidency. 

leiten, v.L conduct; lead; guide; govern; pre- 
dde over. 

Letter, m. conductor; leader, guide, director, 

Letter, /. ladder. 

Leitfaden, m. due; guide, manual. 

leltfUdg, a. conducting, conductive. 

Leltfilhigkeit, /. conductivity, 

'LeitUnie, /. directrix. 

Leltrohr, m., Leltrtthre, /. = Ldtungsrohr. 

Leitsatz, m. rule, guiding prindple. 

Leitstern, m. polestar; guiding star. 

Leitang, /. oonductioir, conducting, transnuen 
don (of dectridty); (dectric) drcuit; (dee- 
trie) wire, cable, lead; leading, direction; 
conduit; guide. 

Leitungsdraht, m. conducting wire. 

LeitungsflUiigkelt, /. conductivity. 

Leitimgskralt, /. conducting power. 

Leitongsrohr, m., Leitongsrfilire, /. conducting 
tubtf or pipe; (for gases) delivery tube; con- 
duit pipe, conduit. 

Ldtongsvermdgen, n. » LdtvermOgen. 

Leitnngswasser, n. tap water. 

Ldtongswiderstand, m. (£72ee.) resistance. 

Leitvermdgen, n. conducting power, (EHec) 
conductance; conductivity. 

Lekanorsftnre, /. lecanoric add. 

Lektion, /. lesson. • 

Lemnische Erde. Lenmian earth. 

Lemongraattl, n. lemon-grass oil. 

Lende, /. loin; haunch. 

Lenden-. lumbar. 

lenken, vU. guide, direct, drive, steer. 

Lenz, m. spring. 

Lerche, /. lark; lardi. 

lemen, v.t. learn. — kennen l«meii, become ac- 
quainted with. 

Lesart, /. reading. 

Lese, /. vintage; gathering. 

Lesebneh, n. reader. 

lesen, vA. read; gather; euU. — p.i. read; lec- 

leserlicli, a. legible. 

Lesestefai, m. bog iron ore (form of limonite); 

letal, a. lethal, fatal. 

Letten, m. potter's day. 

Lettemgnt, Lettermnetall, n. tsrpe metal. 

lettlg, a. dayish, dayey. 

letzte/ a. last; latest; lowest. 

letztgenannt, p.a. last-named, latter. 

LeaehMmie, /. leukemia. 

Lencht-. illuminating, lighting, luminous. 

Leuchtbrenner, m. illuminating burner. 





UmOtte^f.n^A; lamp. 
Icadrtm, 9.L ffve lii^t, 

luminooi, bri^t, aluninc. 
fffihtfiilifi, /. ImninoiiB paint. 
Lencktcaa, n. fflmmiiatiiis gas. 
n. star sbelL 
/. lummoos envidope, (of tlie aun) 

Lenditkifer, m. firefly. 

LeachtkraA, /. mumtnating power, InmiiKwity. 

/. pbotometiy. 
VemtibtaaUiei, n. fflnmmant. 
VauhtSL, n. fllnminating ofl. 

Lenclrtatfiii, m. phosphoreaeeiit atone. 

Leoebtaloli; m. luxninous sobatanee. 

Lancfatwcrt, m. flluminating value. 

Lenchtamrm, m. glowworm. 

iengnen, vJ. deny; retract. ' 

Leak-, Lenko-. leue-, ieuoo-. 

Lenkophan, m. leuoophane. 

Leakoyerbindnng, /. Ieuoo compound. 

Lente, pL people; peraons, men, the world, 
hands, servants. 

lents^g, a. humane, affable, popular, kind. 

levantisch^ a. Levantine. 

levigieren, vS. levigate. 

Lerkoje, /. stodc, gillyflower. 

Leydner Flaache. Leyden jar. 

Lezithfai, n. lecithin. 

Ifd., abbreo, (laufend) running, current, consec- 

Lg., abbreo. (ligroin) ligroin. 

Ubefle, /. level. 

-lich. A suffix forming adjectives from nouns 
(-ly, -ful, -ous), from verb roots (-able, -ible) 
and from adjectives (4y, -ish); as, tehadlich, 
harmful, mdgliehf possible, siZssKefc, sweetish. 

Hcht, a, light, pale; bright, luminous; dear; 
(of widths) in the dear, interior. 

Licht, n. light; candle. 

Uchtart, /. kind of Ught. 

Lichtather, m. luminiferous ether. 

Lichtbad, n. photograph. 

llchtblaa, a. light blue. 

Lichtibogen, m. luminous arc, (electric) arc. 

||chtbrechend, p.a. refracting, refractive. 

Uehtbrechong, /. refraction of light, optical 
. / refraction. 

\ iichtbrechnngsrermdgen, n. (optical) refrao- 
*^ tive power, refractivity. 

Lichtdmck, m. photomechanical printing; pho- 
tographic printing. 

lichtecht, a. fast to light. 

Uchteffekt, m. luminous effect. 

lichtelektrisch, a. photodectric. 

lichtempfindlich, a. sensitive to light, optically 

Uchten, v4. dear, thin; wdgh (anchor). 

/. evolution of lic^t. 
UdrterfUiffik, /. candle factory. 

a. biasing. — odr. ablaae. 

/. luminooa idienommon. 
PM, producing light, photo- 


Hditfrrben, UditfiwMg, cu li^t-cdored. 

Lichtfubendrack* m. photomechanical 

Lichtform, /. candle mold. 

Liditfartpflanawit, /. transmisaon of light. 

Uchtgebend, p.a. giving li^t, luminous. 

Hdhtgelb, a. li^t ydlow. 

liditgt e oo en , n. candle m<d£ng. 

Hdrtgrim, a. light green. 

liditkcgel, m. cone of light, luminous cone. 

lichtkrcis, m. ctrde of light, halo. 

lichtlehre, /. optics. 

lichtldtnng, /. {Elee.) lighting circuit. 

lichtmeoocr, m. photometer. 

liehtmesaknnat, LichCmessang, /. photometry. 

lich^Miiae, /. photographic tradng. 

Uditpunkt, m. luminous point, bright spot. 

Uchtqadle, /. light source, source of light. 

Hehtschlackend, pM. li^t-absorbing, (optically) 

lichtstraU, m. light ray, ray of Ught, luminous 

Lkhttalg, m. candle tallow. 

lichtong, /. dearing, s^ade. 

lichtvoU, a. luminous, ludd. 

lichtweile, /. light wave. 

lichtwirknng, /. action of light; luminous effect. 

Lid, n, lid, esp. of the eye. 

Heb, a. dear, bdoved; agreeable. 

Liebchen, n. sweetheart, darling. 

Liebe, /. love; favor. 

Heben, vJ. love; like. 

Uebenswiirdig, a. lovable, amiable. 

Liebenswdrdigkeit, /. amiability, kindness. 

Ueber, adv. rather, sooner, better. 

liebhaber, m. lover; amateur; buyer. 

liebig'acher Ktihler. Liebig condenser. 

liebkosen, v.<. fondle, caress. 

lieblich, a. lovely, sweet, charming. 

liebling, m. darling, pet. 

Liebstfickd, m. lovage (Lenstieum). 

lied, n. song. 

Uederlich, a. cardess, disorderly, dissolute. 

lief, pret. of laufen. 

lieferant, m. purveyor, contractor. 

liefem, v.t. yidd, produce; furnish, supply, 

Liefemng, /. supply; providing; delivery; (of 
books, etc.) issue, number, part. 

liegen, 9.t. lie; be (situated) ; matter, signify. — 
liegend, p.a. extended, horizontal. — liegende 
Sclirlfl, italics. — gdegen, p.a. dtuated ; con- 
venient; important. 

lieh, pret. of leihen. 




liess, pret. of lassen. 

liest, pr. X &S sing, of lesen. 

Likdr, m. liqueur. 

Ula, LUak, m. lilac. 

LtUe, /. my. 

LimettOl, n. lime oil. 

Limone, /. citron; (sttsse) lime; (sanre, eigent- 
liche) lemon. 

LImongras, n. lemon grass. 

Limongras51, n. lemon-grass oil. 

Linaloetti, n. linaloa oil. 

lind, linde, a. soft, mild; (of silk) scoured. 

Linde, /. liaden. 

Lindenlioiz, n. linden wood, basswood. 

lindem, vA. alleviate, soften, relieve. — lindemd, 
p.<u soothing, palliative. 

Lindemngsmittel, n. palliative, lenitive. 

lineal, n. straight edge, rule. 

-ling. A sufSx used to denote a person or thing 
described, or connected with the idea con- 
veyed, by the original word (as, AbkOmm- 
ling, derivative, descendant; JiXngling, 

Linie, /. line; 

Unienflinnig, a. linear. 

Linienpaar, n. pair of lines. 

Linienspektrum, n. line spectrum. 

linieren, Ilniieren, v.L rule. 

link, a. left; wrong. 

linldsch, a. awkward, dumsy. 

links, adv. to the left, on the left, left. 

linlcs-. to the left, levo-. 

linlcsdrehend, p.a, levorotatory. 

Unksdrehung, /. levorotation, left-handed po- 

linlcsmilclis&are, /. levolactic acid. 

linkspdarisation, /. = linksdrehung. 

linlcsaaore, /. levQ acid. 

linlcssciiranbe, /. left-handed screw. 

linksweins&are, /. levotartaric add. 

linolensftnre, /. linolenic add. 

Linolsaore, /. linoldc add. 

Linse, /. lens; lentil; bob (of a pendulum). 

linsen-. lenticular. 

iinsen^nlich, linsenartig, a. lenticular, lens- 

Linsenerz, n. o5litic limonite. 

linsenfdrmlg, a. lens-shaped, lenticular. 

Linsenglas, n. lens. 

Lippe, /. lip. 

Lippen-. labial. 

liqneszieren, v.i. liquefy, mdt. 

liqaldiwen, v.t liquidate, settle. 

iiseht, pr. 2 &S sing, of lOschen. 

lispein, v.t. & t. lisp; whisper. 

List, /. cunning, art, wile. 

liste, /. list, register, catalog. 

Listeniveis, m. list price, catalog price. 

lisdg, a. artful, cimning, wily. 

Lit^'kolben, m. liter flask. 

Lithargynun^ n. litharge. 

Lithlon, n. lithia. 

Lithion^immer, m. lithia mica. 

litt, preL of Idden. 

Litze, /. braid, lace, cord, string. 

U., abbrev. Gdcht Ittslich) readily soluble. 

Lob, n. praise; fame. 

loben, vA. praise. 

Lobrede, /. eulogy. 

Locli, n. hole; eye; pore; (billiard) pocket; 

lochen, v.t. perforate, punch. 

Idcherig, a. full of holes, perforated, porous. 

Lochweite, /. width of hole or aperture. 

Locke, /. lock, curl. 

locken, v.t. decoy, entice, induce; curl. 

locker, a. loose; incompact, spongy; dissolute. 

lockem, vA. loosen, make loose. — v.r. alacken^ 

Lode, /., Loden, n. coarse doth. 

lodem, v.i. blaze, flame. 

Loffei, m. spoon; ladle. 

LoflTelkrant, n. scurvy grass (Pochiearia officin- 

Ldffelstiel, m. spoon handle. 

log, pret. of lUgen. 

loh, a. blazing, burning. 

Lohbeize, /. tan liquor; tanning. 

Lohbriihe, /. (Leather) bark liquor, ooze. 

Lohe,/. tanbark; tan liquor, ooze; flame, blaze. 

Loheiehe, /. tanbark oak. 

lohen, v.t. tan, steep in tan liquor. 

lohen, v.i. blaze, flame. 

Lohfarbe, /. tan color. 

lohfarbig, a. tan-colored, tan, tawny. 

LohfasB, n. tan vat. 

lohgar, a. (bark) tanned. 

Lohgerber, m. (bark) tanner. 

Lohgerberei, /. tanning, bark tanning; tannery. 

Lohgmbe, /. tan pit. 

Lolunesser, m. barkometer. 

Lohn, m. reward; wag^, pay. 

lolmen, v.t. pay, recompense, reward. — v.i. pay. 

Lohnf&rber, m. job dyer. 

Lohnnng, LShnnng, /. pay, payment. 

Lohprobe, /. (Leather) bark test. 

Lohprtifer, Lohprol>6r, m. barkometer. 

Lohpulver, n. tan powder. 

Lolirinde, /. tan bark. 

Lokal, n. locality, place; tavern. 

Lokalfarbe, /. natural color. 

Lorbeer, m. laurel, bay. 

Lorl>eerblatt, n. laurel leaf, bay leaf 

Lorbeer51, n. laurel oil, bay oil. 

Lorbeerrose, /. oleander. 

Los, n. lot; share; fate; prize. 

los, a. loose, free. — adv. on, up. 

-los. destitute of, -leas. 

Ittsbar, a. soluble; dissoluble, resolvable. 

LOsbarkeit, /. solubility; dissolubility. 




loscli, pret, of lOschen. 

Lttseharbdt, /. {Metal.) eharcoal prooeas. 

Ldsehe, /. charcoal dust, charcoal bed; coal 
dust, slack, or culm; dinker; quenching tub 
or trough. 

ISschen, vjL extinguish, quench; slake (lime); 
blot; cancel; discharge.^-«.i. be extinguished, 
go out; blot. 

Lttschkalk, m. quicklime. 

LSsehkoble, /. quenched char«>al. 

LSschpapier, n. blotting paper. 

Lttsehang, /. extinguishing, etc (see Idschen). 

Lilschwaasw, n, quenching water, tempering 

losdriicken, v,L push off; fire off. 

lose, a. loose. 

Lite^eld, n. ransom. 

Lttsemittel, n. solvent. 

ISaen, 9.^ dissolve; solve; loosen, untie, re- 
deem; fire off (a gun); make (money). — 
v.r. dissolve; get loose.— 4dsend, p.a. dissolv- 
ing, solvent; expectorant; purgative. 

L5aeverm5gen, n. dissolving power. 

LSsewirkung, /. dissolving action, solvent effect. 

losgehen, v.i, become loose, come off, go off. 

Idsl., aibrev. of Idslich^^ 

Likd., aJbbrev. of Ldalichkeit. 

ISalich, a. soluble. 

LSsUchkeit, /. s61ubility. 

Lttslichkeitsprodukt, n. solubility product. 

losiiisen, v4. set free, liberate, separate, detach, 

loslSten, vA. unsolder. 

losplatzen, v.i. explode; burst out. 

Lttss, m. loess. 

losaagen, vU. renounce. 

lossehlagen, v.t. sell; beat off. 

losq^rechen, v.t. release; acquit. 

lostrennen, vA. separate; tear apart; unstitch. 

Losang, /. casting of lots; excrement; watch- 

LSsong, /. solution; discharge (of a gun);^ 

LSsongsbenzol, n. a mixture containing alkyl- 
ated benzenes. 

LSsongsdruck, m. solution pressure. 

LSsnngsfalii^keit, /. dissolving capacity. 

Ldsungsmittel, n. solvent. * 

LSsnngsvermdgen, n. dissolving power. 

Losongswftrme, /. heat of solution. 

Losoagswasser, n. solvent water. 

Lot, n. solder; plummet, plumb, a weight (now 
ten grams). 

LStapparat, m. soldering apparatus. 

Idtbar, a. solderable. 

L5te, /. solder, soldering. 

loten, v.t. plumb.— v.t. sound. 

ISten, vJ. solder. 

LSten, n. soldering. 

Loth, iSthen, etc. ^ Ijot, 15ten, etc. 



r\yt r»< ,t •. .i\ 

'■ 'ill* 

It. lent or test. 

'.;..'i..ion; adhesion. 

Itttig, a. fine (sill 

LUdgkeiC /. finer 

Ldtkolben, m. so 

Ldtmittel, n. sok 

lotrecht, a. perp< 

Ltttrohr, n. blow. 

LStrohranalyse, .> 

Lotrtthre, /. blov , 

LStrohrflamme, ^ 

LStrohrprobe, /. ' 

Ldtrohrversuch, ■■> 

Lotse, m. pilot. 

Lotterbabe, m. i< 

LStnng, /. solder; 

Loupe, /. magnii 

L5we, m. lion. 

Lttwenmaul, n. toadflax; snapdragon. 

Lttwenzahn, m. dandelion. 

Lsg., abbrev. (Ldsung) solution. 

Lsgg., abbrev. (LOsungen) solutions. 

Luchs, m. lynx. 

Lttcke, /. gap, void, space, deficiency. 

lilckenhajft, a. having gaps, defective, inter- 

luckig, a. (Metal.) porous, honeycombed. 

lUcldg, a. = iCickenhaft; — luckig. 

lud, pret, of laden. 

Lnder, n. carrion. 

Luft, /. air; atmosphere. 

Lnftabschlnss, m. exclusion of air. 

luftartlg, a. g^aseous, aeriform. 

Luftbad, n. air bath. 

Luftbehklter, m. air holder, air chamber; lungs. 

Inftbest&ndig, a. stable in air, not affected 'i>y 
the air. 

Luftblase, /. air bubble; air bladder. 

luftdicht, a. air-tight.— -adv. hermetically 

Luftdichtigkeit, /. atmospheric demdty. 

Lufldruck, m. atsnospheric pressure; air pres- 
sure, pneumatic pressure. 

Loltdruck-. pneumatic. 

Inftecht, a. fast to air (atmospheric influences). 

Lnfteintritt, m. entrance of air. 

lufkempfindlich, a. sensitive to air. 

liiften, o.<. air; aerate; ventilate; weather; raise. 

Liifter, m. ventilator. 

LnftM'scheinung, /. atmospheric phenomenon. 

Lufterscheinun^elire, /. meteorology. 

Luftfahrt, /. aeronautics, ballooning; balloon 

Luftfeochtigkeit, /. atmospheric moisture. 

laftformig, a. gaseous, aeriform. 

Luflgas, n. air gas. 

LuftgUtemesser, m. eudiometer. 

Luftgatemessong, /. eudiometry. 

Lufthahn, m. air cock. 

lufthaltig, a. containing air. 

luftigi a. light, voluminous; aerial, airy, windy, 

Lnftion, ra. atmospheric ion. 




Luflkreifl, m. atmoq;>here. 

Ltuftlack, m. air-proof vanush. 

luftleer* a. exhausted (of air), void. — luftleerer 

Baiim» vacuum. 
Luftleere»/. vacuum; exhaustion (of air). 
LufUeeremesser, m. vacuometer, vacuum gage. 
Loflmalz, n. air-dried malt. 
lAftmesser, m. aerometer. 
LnflmJktel, m. air mortar, lime mortar (require- 

ing air to harden it). 
Luftnitrit, n. nitrite made electrically from at- 
mospheric nitrogen. 
Laf tpriifer, m. air tester. 
Lufkpompe, /. air pump, pneumatic pump. 
Luftraum, m. air s^pace; atmosphere. 
Luftrohre, /. air tube, air pipe; windpipe, 

Luftrftliren>. tracheal; bronchial. 
Luftsauerstoff, m. atmospheric oxygen. 
Luftsaugapparat, Lof tsanger, m. aspirator. 
Lnftsftnle, /. air column. 
Loflsfture, /. carbonic add. 
LoftschifT, n. airship. 
Lufltschiirer, m, aeronaut. 
LoftschSpfen, n. respiration. 
Luftspl^elimg* /• mirage. 
Luftsdckstoff, m. atmospheric nitrogen. 
Luftstrom, m., Lnftstrfimimg, /. air current. 
Infttrocken, a. air-dry, air-dried. 
Luftttberschnss, m. excess of air. 
Luftong,/. airing, etc. (see liiften). 
Lnftva-driUigung, /. displacement of air. 
Loftverdtturang, /. rarefaction of air; vacuum. 
Luftwage, /. aerometer. 
Loftweg, m. airway, air passage. 
Luftwirkung, /. action of the air, atmospheric 

Lnftdegel, m. air-dried brick. 
Luftzug, m. draft, current (of air); air duct. 
Luftziinder, m. pyrophorus (substance inflaming 

spontaneously in air). 
Luftzatritt, m. access of air, admission of air. 
Luge, /. lie, falsehood. ^ 

lugen, v.i. look out. 
liigen, vd. lie (speak falsely); deceive; be 

Lugner, m. liar, 
lullen, v.t. lull. 

Lominessenz, /. luminescence. 
Liimmel, m. lubb^, boor. 
Lamp, m. ragamuffin; rascal. 

Lumpen, m. rag; titter (coarse sugar loaf). 
Lmnpenbrei, tih (Paper) first stuff, (first) pulp 

from rags. 
Lumpenbiitte, /. (Paper) rag tub. 
Lnmpengeslndel, n. rabble, riffncOT. . 
Lompenpapier, n. rag paper. 
Lampensamml«r, m. rag picker, ragman. 
Lumpenwolle, /. shoddy. 
Lumpenzuckefl', m. titlers (sugar in coarse 

Lumperel, /. trumpery, trash. 
Lunge, /. lung, lungs. 
Lungen-. pulmonary. 
Lungenentzlindung, /. pneumonia. 
Lungenkraut, n. lungwort. 
Lungensucht, /. (pulmonary) consumption. 
lungem, lunkem, v,i. (Iron) pipe. 
Lnnker, n. (Iron) pipe (in ingots). 
Lunte, /. slow match. 
Lupe, /. magnifying glass. 
Luppe, /. (Metal.) bloom, loop. 
Luppenfrischhfitte, /. bloomery. 
Luppenstahl, m. blodm s6eel, steel in blooms. 
Lupulinsfture, /. lupulic add, lupuUnic add. 
Lust,/, pleasure, joy, mirth; desire, inclination; 

Lostbark^i, /. festivity, amusement. 
Liister, m. luster. 

lOstern, a. decorous; lustful, wanton. 
Lustfahrt, /. excursion. 
Lustfeu^, n. bonfire. 
Lnstgas, n. laughing gas (nitrous pxide). 
Lusthaus, n. summer house, 
lustig, a. merry, jolly; funny. 
lustrieren,- v.t. luster. 
Lustsenche, /. syphilis. 
Lnstspiel, n. comedy. 
Instwandeln, v.i. walk, promenade. 
Luteokobaltchlorid, n. luteocobaltic chloride. 
Luddinsaure, /. lutidinic add. 
lutieren, v.t. lute. 
lutschen, v.i. suck. 
iiUtter, m. (DisHlling) low wine. 
Lutterprober, m. low-wine tester. 
Luxus, m. luxury. 
Luxus-. fancy. 

Luzerne, /., Lnzemerklee, m. lucem, alfalfa. 
lydlacher Stein. Lydian stone (touchstone). 
Lymphdrttse, /. lymphatic gland. 
Ljrmphe, /. lymph. 
lormphgefftss, n, lymphatic vessel. 


m., dbbrev. (mit) with; (mein, meine, meines) 

my, of my. 
M., abl>re9. (Masae) mass; (Monat) month; 

(Mittelsorte) medium grade; Monatshefte 

fttr Chemie. 
Maal, n. mole, mark. 
Maass, Maass-. See Mass, Mass-. 
Maat, m. mate (of a boat). 
macerioren, v.t macierate. 
Mache, /. making, make, workmanship. 
machen, v.t. make; do; cause. — v.r. make one- 
self; procure, get. — v.t. deal, trade. 
Madberei, /. making; make. 
Macht, /. might, power, force. 
milcht^, a. mighty, powerful, strong, huge, big, 

thick; in command (of something).' 
M&chtigkeit, /. mightiness, etc. (see machtig); 

{Tech.) thickness, size, power, etc. 
Machwerk, n. poor work; hack worl& 
Mads, /. mace. 

MadsSI, n. niace oil, oil of mace. 
M&dchen, n. girl; maid. 
Made, /. maggot, mite. 
Magd, /. maid, servant (girl). 
Magdidafot, n. Magdala red. 
Magen, m. stomach; maw. 
Magen-. gastric, gastro-. 
Magenarznei, /. stomachic 
Magenbrei, m. chyme. 
Magendarm-. gastro-intestinal. 
Magendriise, /. gastric gland, peptic gland. 
Magenentzundung, /. gastritis. 
Magenflttssigkeit, /. gastric fluid, gastric 

Mageninhalt, m. stomach contents. 
Magenmittel, n. stomachic. 
Magenpfortner, m. pylonis. 
Magenssft, m. gastric juice. 
Magenschlund, m. esophagus. 
Magenschwache, /. dyspepsia. 
magensUlrkend, p.a. stomachic. 
Magenstirkungsmittel, n. stomachic. 
Magensteiii, m. gastric concretion. 
mager, a. lean; slender, thin, meager. — magerer 

Kalk, lime that does not slake easily. — mag- 

eres (M, mineral oil (as distinguished from a 

fatty oil). 
Magermilch, /. akim milk. 

magem, v4, & i. make or grow lean or poor; 

specif. (Ceram.), diminish the plasticity of, 

Magerungsmittel, n. (Ceram.) a substance used 

to diminish plasticity. 
Magneslaglimmer, m. magnesium mica (bio- 

magneslahaltig, a. containing magnesia, mag- 

Magnesltspat, m. magnecdte. 
Magnesittinjodid, n. magnesitmi iodide. 
Magnesinmlicht, n. magnesium light. 
Magnesiampalver, n. mi^nesium powder. 
Magnesiumsidz, n. magnesium salt. 
Magnetelsen, Magneteisenerz, n., Magnet- 

elsenstein, m. magnetic iron ore (magnetite). 
magnetisch, a. magnetic. 
magnetlaleren, v.t. magnetize. 
Magnetisienmg, /. magnetizing, magnetization. 
Magnetismns, m. magnetism. 
Magnetldes, m. magnetic pyrites (pyrrhotite). 
Magsamen, m. poppy seed. 
MahAgoni, n. mahogany. 
mahen, v.t. mow. 
Mahl, n. meal; banquet; mole. 
mahlen, v.t. grind, mill. 
Mahlfeinheit, /. fineness of grinding. 
Mahlgut, n. material to be ground or milled. 
Mahlkom, n. grist. 
Mahlzahn, m. molar. 
Mahlzrit, /. meal, repast. 
Mahne, /. mane. 
mahnen, vJ. remind, vrge; dun. 
Mai, m. May. 
Maibaom, m. birch. 
Maiblume, /. lily-of-the-valley. 
Maifisch, m. shad. 
Mais, m. maize, (Indian) com. 
Maisbranntw^n, m. com whisky, whisky from 

Maisch, m. = Maische. 
Maischapparat, m. mashing apparatus, mash 

Msischbottidi, m. mash tub, mashing tun. 
Maische, /. mash; grape juice. — weingare 

Maische iDistiUing) mash. — zweite Maische, 

maischen, v.t. mash. 





Matechgltter, n. (Brewing) stirrer, mke. 
Malsehgnt, n. (Brewing) maah goods, mash. 
Maischkeasd, m. mash copper. 
Malschpfiuine, /. mash copper. 

* Maischprozess, m. mashing prooess. 
Malschung, /. mashing; mash. 
Matechyentil, /. (Brewing) grains valve, trap. 
Maischwasser, n. mash liquor. 
Maischwilne, /. mash wort, grain wash. 
Maiskfrfben, m. corncob. 
MaiakFankjheit, /. pellagra. 

* Maiflonehl, n. Indian meal, com meal. 
Maismehlldeber, m. zein. 
Mai^istflle,, comsilk, (Phturm,) zea. 
Malasplritna, m. spirits from maise, com spirit. 
Malssttrke, /. maize starch, cornstarch. 
Mi^onm* f»* marjoram. 

majorenn, a. of age. 
^ Make!, m. spot, blemish, flaw. 

makeln, v.i. criticize; act as broker. 

Makler, Mftkler, m. broker, jobber; faultfinder. 
I Makrele, /. mackerel. 

Makrone, /. macaroon. 

mal, adv. times, time; once, just. 
. Mal, n. time; mark, spot, mole; sign, token; 
(Biol.) stigma. 

mal., abbrev. of maleinoid. 

Malachitgrttn, n. malachite green. 

Malaehltkiesel, m. chryaocolla. 

maialiach, a. Malay, Malayan. 

Malakkannss, /. Malacca nut, marking nut. 

malaxi^ren, vA. malax, malaxate. 

MaltiinAiire, /. maleic acid. 

malen, vA. paint; depict. 

Mal^, m. painter. 

Malerei, /. painting. 

Malerfarbe, /. painter's color. 

Malerfimis, m. painter's yamiah. 

malerisch, a. picturesque.' 

Malerk<riik, Malerkrankheit, /. painter's colic, 

Malonfttnre, /. malonic add. 

Maive, Malwe, /. mallow. 

Malz, n. malt. 

Malzanfgnas, m. infusion of malt, wort. 

Malzaoszug, m. malt extract; wort. 

Malzdarre, /. malt kiln. 

Malzeiweias, n. diastase. 

malzen, millzen, pA. malt. 

Malzer, Milzer, m. maltster, maltman. 

MXtEiemi, f. matt house. 

Maizesrig, m. malt vinegar. 

Malzfabrik, /. malting, malt house. 

Malzgerste, /. malting barley. 

Malzhiiiifeii, n. couching. 

Malzprobe, /. malt test, malt testing. 

Malzachrot, n. crushed malt, malt grist. 

Malztreber, pL spent malt, brewer's grains, 
spent grains. 

MlUzimg, /. malting. 

MUzangsachwand, m. loss in malting, malting- 

Malzzucker, m. malt sugar, maltose. 
man, pron, one, a person, somebody, they,. 

people, we, you. 
manch, pron, many a. 
manch^, pron. many a one, many a thing,. 

many a. 
mancherlel, a. many, various. 
manchmal, adv. often, sometimes. 
Mandarine, /. mandarin orange, mandarin 

(Citrus nobilis). 
Mandarinenschalendl, n. oil of mandarin peel. 
Mandel, /. almond; tonsil; fifteen; shock. 
mandelartig, a. almond-like, amygdaline. 
Mandelbliite, /. almond blossom. 
Mandeldriise, /. tonsil. 
Mandelentzundung, /. tonsillitis. 
mandelf$rmig, a. almond-shaped, amygdaloid. 
Mandelmllch, /. almond milk, (Pharm.) emul» 

sion of almond. 
ManddSi, n. almond oil. 
Mandelsfture, /. mandelic acid. 
Mandelstein, m. amygdaloid; tonsillar con^- 

Mandeistoraz, m. amygdaloid storax. 
Mangan, n. manganese. 
Manganalaun, m. manganese alum. 
Manganbister, m. manganese bister, manganese 

Manganblende, /. alabandite. 
Manganbraun, n. manganese brown. 
Manganchlorid, n. manganese chloride, specif.,. 

manganic chloride. 
Manganchloriir, n. manganous chloride. 
Mangandioxyd, n. manganese dioxide. 
Manganeisen, n. ferromanganese. 
Manganeisenstein, m. triplite. 
Manganerz, n. manganese ore. — graues Man- 

ganerz, manganite; pyrolusite. — schwarzea 

Manganerz, hausmannite. 
manganhaltte, a. containing manganese, mSa- 

Manganhydroxyd, n. manganic hydroxide. 
Manganhydroxydol, n. manganous hydroxide. 
Manganhyperoxyd, n. manganese peroxide 

Mangani-. manganic. 
Manganichlorid, n. manganic chloride, 
manganig, a. manganous. 

manganigsauer, a. of or combined with manga- 
nous acid, manganite of. 
Manganigsaure, /. manganous acid. 
Manganihydroxyd, n. manganic hydroxide. 
Manganisalz, n. manganic salt. 
Manganisnlfat, n. manganic sulfate. 
Manganiverblndung, /. manganic compound. 
Mangankarbid, n. manganese carbide. 
Mangankiesel, m. rhodonite. 
Manganlegiemng, /. manganese alloy. 





Mangano-. manganouB. mangano-,. 

Manganofemim, n. ferromanganese. 

Manganohydroxyd, n. manganoua hydroxide. 

Manganoion, n. manganous ion. 

Manganokarbonaty n. manganoua carbonate. 

Manganoaaiz, n. manganous salt. 

Manganosulfat, n. manganous sulfate. 

Manganoxyd, n. manganese oxide, specif ., man- 
ganic oxide. — rotes Manganoxyd, mangano- 
manganic oxide. 

Manganoxydhydrat» n. manganic hydroxide. 

Manganoxydsalz, n. manganic salt. 

Manganoxydul, n. manganous oxide. 

Manganoxydnloxydy n. mangano - manganic 

Manganoxydulsalz, n. manganous salt. 

Manganoxydulverbindnng, /. manganous com- 

ManganoxydverMndung, /. manganic com- 

Manganpecherz, n. triplite. 

mangansaaer, a. of or combined with manganic 
add, manganate of. 

Mangansfture, /. manganic acid. 

Mangans&ureanhydrid, n. manganic anhydride, 
manganese trioxide. 

Manganschaiim, m. bog manganese; wad. 

Manganschlamm, m. Weldon mud (regenerated 
slime in the Weldon process). 

Manganapat, m. rhodochrosite. 

Manganstahl, m. manganese steel. 

Mangansulfat, n. manganese sulfate. 

Mangansnifiir, n. manganous sulfide. 

Mangansuperoxyd, n. manganese peroxide (di- 

Manganvltrlol, m. manganese yitriol (manga- 
nese sulfate). 

Mangel, m. lack, want, deficiency; fault, de- 
fect; distress, want. 

mangelhaft, a. deficient, defective, imperfect. 

mangeln, v.i. be wanting. — vJ, mangle. 

Manie, /. mania. 

Manier, /. manner. 

manipnlieren, vA. & t. manipulate. 

Mann, m. man; husband. 

Mannazacker, m. manna si4:ar, mannite. 

M&nnchen, n. little man, mannikin; male. 

Mannesreife, /. puberty. 

mannlgfach, mannigfaltig, a. manifold, rarious, 

Mannigfaltigkeit, /. manifoldness, variety, mul- 

m&nnlich, a. male; masculine; manly. 

Mannloch, n. manhole. 

Mannozuckersfture, /. mannoeaccharic add. 

Mannschaft, /. men, forces, crew. 

Manschette, /. cuff; (Teeh.) fiap, collar. 

Mantel, m. mantle; casing, jacket, case,* shell. 

Mantelsack, itu valise. 

Manufaktar, /. manufacture; manufactory. 


Mappe, /. portfolio; case (for paper, etc.). 

Marantasttrke, /. arrowroot. 

Mftrchen, n. (fairy) tale, story. 

m&rcheniiaft, a. fabulous, legendary, fictitious. 

Marder, m. marten. | 

M&re, /. news, report, story, tradition. 

margarinsaner, a. of or combined with margaric 

add, margarate of. 
Margarinailiire, /. margaric add. 
Marienbad, n. water bath. 
Marien^as, n. selenite; mica. 
Marienkfifer, m. Ladybird. ^ 

Marine, /. navy. 
Marindeim, m. marine glue. 
marinia«n, vd. marinate, piclde. 
Mark, n. marrow; pith; pulp; medulla. ^ 

Mark,/, mark (23.8 cents); boundary. 
Mark-, medullary. I 

Markasit, m. marcasite. 4 

Msrkasitgisnr, m. tetradymite. 
Marke, /. mark; stamp; brand. 
Marketender, m. sutler. 
Markette, /. virgin wax in cake form. 
Markfliissigkeit, /. spinal fiuid. 
marlderen, 9.<. mark. 
Markiemng, /. marking. 
Marldse, /. awning, marquee. 
Markstrahl, m. medullary ray. 
Marksubstanz, /. medullary substance. 
Markt, m. market, mart, fair. 
markten, v.i. market; bargain. 
marktgftngig, a. market, current. 
marktrelf, a. ready for market, marketable. ^ 

Marktzettel, m. market report. 
Marmor, m. marble. 
marmorieren, v.t. marble, vein, mottle. 
Marmorkiesel, m. a kind of homstone. 
Marmorpapier, n. marbled paper. '^ 
marode, a. tired, exhausted. 
Marokko, n. Morocco. 

Maroquin, m. morocco. * 

Bfarsch, /. marsh. 
Marsch, m. march. 

Marschboden, m. marsh land, marshy soiL 
Marshlsche Probe. Marsh test. Marsh's test, 
martem, vJ, torment, torture. 
Martbiofen, m. Martin furnace. 
Martinstahl, m. Martin steel (open-hearth steel). 
Martiiisgelb, m. Martius yellow. 
Masche, /. mesh, stitch; compartment. 
Maschenweite, /. width of mesh. 
mssrWg, a. medied, netted, reticulated. 
Masehlne, /. machine; engine. 
Maschinelehre, /. engineering. ^ 

maschinell, a. mechanical. 
Maschinenbaner, m. machine (or engine) 

builder, machinist, millwright, 
maschinenmissig, a. machineUke, mechanical. 
Maschinenwerk, n. machinery. 
Maser, /. speckle, spot, mark; (pL) measles. 





maseriir, a. speckled, streaked, grained. 

Maserpi^ler, n. speckle^ (or grained) paper. 

Masemng, /. veining; gi'aining. 

Maske, /. mask. 
I mass, pret, of messen. 

Mass, n. measure. 

Massanalyse, /. volumetric analysis. 

massanalytisch, a. volumetric. 

Masse, /. mass; bulk; stock; assets; (Found- 
ing) dry sand; (Ceram.) paste; (Paper) pulp. 

Masseinheit, /. unit of measure. 
I Massel, /. (Metal,) pig; slab, bloom. 

Massenbewegung, /. mass motion. 

Massengestehte, n,pl. imstratified rocks. 

Massenguss, m. dry-sand casting. 

Massenmoment, n. moment of inertia. 

Massenwirkung, /. mass action. 

MassenwirkungsgesetZv n. law of mass action. 
i Masseschlamm, m. (Ceram.) body slip. 

Masseschlicker, tn. (Ceram.) body paste. 

Massflasche, /. measuring flask. 

Maasfliissigkeit, /. standard solutwn. 

Massformel, /. (Pharm.) standard fonnula. 

Massgabe, /. measure, proportion. 

massgebend, p.a. determinative, dedsive, au- 

Massgefi&ss, n. measuring vessel; graduate.* 

Massholder, m. (field) maple. 

m&sslg; a. moderate; temperate. 

-massig. An adjective suffix signifying 
the madner of "; as, verhaltnismosst^f pro- 

m&srigen, v.t. moderate, temper. — gemiisslgt. 
p.a. temperate, moderate. 

Mftssigkeit, /. moderation; temperance. 

Massigong, /. moderation. 

massiv, a. massive; unalloyed; clumsy. 

Massnahme, /. mode of action; precaution. 

Massregel, /. measure, step, expedient. 

Massrdhre, /. measuring tube, graduated tube, 

Massstab, m. scale; rule, measure. 

Masssystem, n. system of measurement. 

Massteil, m. part by measure. 

Mast, /. feeding, fattening; mast, nuts. 

Mastdarm, m. rectum. 

Mastdarm-. rectal, recto-. 

mUsten, vd. feed, fatten. 

Mastix, m., Mastlzharz, n. (gum) mastic. 

Masdxfimls, m. mystic varnish. 

MasdzUftt, m. noAstic (cement). 

Materiallen, materials, material. 

Materialprftftangsamt* n. bureau for testing 
materials (often not translated). 

Materie, /. matter. 

IVfatnitset /. mattress. 

matrisiereii, vU. damp (paper). 

MaCrize» /. matrix. 

Matrose, m. sailor, mariner. 

Matsch, m. pulp, mash; slush, mire. 

matt, a. dull, dead, mat; (of G^a8s)\ ground; 
faint, feeble, weak, dull. 

Matt, n. dullness, deadness of surface. ' 

Matte, /. mat; meadow. 

Mattfarbe, /. deadening color. 

mattgeschliffen, p.a. ground, frosted. 

Mattglanz, m, dull finish. 

Mattglas, n. ground glass, frosted glass 

Mattglasur, /. (Ceram.) mat glaze. 

Mattgold, n. dead gold, mat gold. 

Matthelt, /. dullness, etc. (see matt). 

mattieren, v.L deaden, dull, tarnish; give a 
mat surface to; grind (glass). 

mattrot, a. dull red. 

mattschlelfen, v.t. grind, frost, (glass). 

mattweiss, a. dull white. 

Maner, /. wall. 

Mauerkalk, m. mortar. 

mauem, v.t. build of masonry; wall in or up. 

Mauerpfeffer, m. stonecrop (Sedum acre). 

Mauersalpeter, m, wall saltpeter (calcium ni- 

Maaerstein,m. (building) stone; (building) brick. 

Mauerwerk, n. walling; masonry. 

Mauerziegd, m. (building) brick. 

Mauken, n. (Ceram.) fermenting, aging. 

Maul, n. mouth; jaws. 

Manlbeere, /. mulberry. 

maulen, v.i. pout, sulk. 

Maulesel, m. mule. 

maulfaul, a. taciturn. 

Maulheld, m. braggart. 

Maulkorb, m. muz;de. 

Maulsperre, /. lockjaw. 

Maulwurf, m. mole. 

Maurer, m. mason, bricklayer. 

maurisch, a. Moorish. 

Maus,'/. mouse. 

Mftusedreck, m. mouse dung. 

Mftusegilt, n. ratsbane, (white) arsenic. 

Mauser, /. moulting. 

mausem, v.r, moult. 

mausfahl, mausfarben» mausgran, a. mouse- 
colored, mouse-^jay. 

maidmal, a. maximum, maximal. 

Maximalwertigkeit, /. maximum valence. 

mazerieren, v.t, macerate. 

m.E., abbrev. (meines Erachtens) in my opinion. 

Mechanik, /. mechanics; mechanism. 

Mechaniker, m, mechanician. 

meehaiiisch, a. mechanical, mechanic. — adv, 

meckem, v.t. bleat. 

Meeonsfture, /. meconic add. 

Medaille, /. medal. 

Medien, media, mediums. 

Medizin, /. medidne. 

Medi;dnalrinde, /. offidnal bark. 

Mediziner, m. medical man or student. 

medlziniert, p.a. medicated. 



a. nwdldn il; mudinil. 

Bf MTf II. SMy oonn* 

Mc w b i m i M , m. bsy, gulf. 

M0OTCDg0« /. stitdty chaniMsL 

M— fftubodMf lit* f6ft bottonu 

MmtmIUIcIw, /. Mft level; matacB of the em. 

Meeraefraiidf m. lee bottom. 

Mee r eeobe i ' l l i ci i e , /. lea leYel;earfaoe of the ne. 

Meeffirbe» /. see green. 

MeerkoU, m. wa kale. 

Meerrettleh, Meerrettig, m. honeradish. 

Meereals, n. eea nit. 

Meeneheiim, m. meenehaum; lea foam. 

Meereehwdn, n. porpoiee. 

Meeraehweliicheii, n. guinea pig. 

Meerechwelnlran, m. porpoiie oil. 

Meerw a e i e r , n. sea water. 

meerwaaeereeht, a. fast to eea water. 

Meerxwiebel, /. squill. 

Megerkraut, n. yeUow bedstraw(Galti(in verum), 

Mehl, n. mesl; flour; dust, powder. 

mehlartig, a. like meal or flour, farinaceous. 

Mehibeere, /. haw. 

Mehlbentel, m. bolter, sifter. 

MehlfkHehte, /.pi. eereals. 

Mehlgipe, m, (Min.) earthy gypsum. 

mehllg, a. meiJy, floury, farinaceous. 

Mehlklelster, m. flour paste. 

Mehlkttrper, m. endosperm (of grains). 

Mehlkrelde, /. (Mtn.) earthy 9alcite. 

Mehlpulver, n. meal powder. 

Mehltau, m. mildew. 

Mehlzttcker, m. brown sugar; powdered sugar. 

mehr, a. & adv, more. 

mehr-. poly-, multi-, many-. 

roehratomlg, a. polyatomic. 

mehrbaslsch, a. polybasie. 

Mehrdeutlgkeit, /. ambiguity. 

Mehrdrehnng, /. multirotation. 

roehren, v.L increase, multiply. 

mehrttre, o. several. 

mehrfkeh, mehrflUtlg, o. manifold, multiple, 

mehrfhrbig, a. polychromatic; pleochroie. 

Mehrfhrblgkeit, /. polychromatism; pleochro- 
Ism; (Art) pblychromy. 

mehrflammlg, a. having more than one flame. 

mehrgliedrig, a. having several, or more, mem- 

Mehrhdt, /. majority; idural. 

mehrkemlg, a, polynudear, having more than 
one nucleus. 

mehrmals, adv. several times, repeatedly. 

Mehrphasenstrom,m. (i?(ae.) polyphase current. 

mehratUndig, a. lasting for hours, of several 
hours' duration. 

mehrwertig, o. multivalent, polyvalent. 

Mehnahl, /. majority; plural. 

mehraelitg, o. multicellular. 

melden, vjU avoid, shun. 

BCcicfci, /. farm, dairy fsrai. 

Mcle,/. mUe. 

McBer, m. drealar pOe (eqi. that need in 
eoal banunid, mound, stadc; {Bride) damp. 

MeBer h o Me, /. diareoaL 

MeHerveffiskreB, n. pile dianing. 

Biein, pnu. my, *"^"^- 

Meiiieid, m. perjury. 

mcino^ sJ. A i, think; mean. 

mcinetkalbeii, meinetwegeB, adv. for my sake; 
for my part. 

Meimuig* /. opinion, idea; meaning, intention. 

MeiraB, m. marjoram. 

Mdee, /. titmouse. 

Mdssei, m. diisd; (Jfad.) pledget. 

mriseelflinnlg, a. chisd-eluiped. 

meiflt, a. most. — adv, mostly. 

meieteas, melstentefle, ado. for the moet part, 

Meister, m. master. 

meisterhaft, a. masterly. 

Meisterstttck, n. masterpiece; master stroke. 

Meiaterwnrz, -warad, /. masterwort. 

Mekoninattore, /. meooninic add. 

MekonaKure, /. meoonic add. 

Melange, /. mixture. 

mdanglereB, vJ. mix. 

Melsooe, /. molasses. 

mdden, vJ. announce, inform, mention.—^ 
v.r. present oneself, apply. 

melieren, v.t. mix; mottle. 

Mdlerfkeem, f,pL (Paper) mottling fibers. 

Melierpapier, n. mottled paper. 

Meiilote, /., Melilotenklee, m, melilot. 

MeiUotdlare, /. mdilotic add. 

Melis, MdlszQcker, m., titlers (coarse loaf sugar) . 

Mellsse,/., Mdlssenlorant, n. balm, balm mint. 

MdiadnaHnre, /. mdisdc add. 

mdken, «.<. milk. 

MeOiChsllure, /. mdlitic add. 

Melone, /. mdon. 

Mdtan, m. mildew. 

Menune, /. coward. 

Meng-. mixing. 

Menge,/. quantity, amount; multitude, crowd; 
abundance, plenty. 

Menged'nhdt, /. unit of quantity. 

mengen, vA. mix; bl^id. 

Mongenbestimmung, /. quantitative determina- 

Mengenverhiltnis, n. quantitative rdation, 
proportion, compodtion. 

Menggestdn, n. eoni^omerate. 

Mengkapsd, /. mixing capsule. 

Mengspatd, m. mixing spatula. 

MengongaverhiltnlB, n. proportion of ingredi- 

Mennig, m., Mennlge, /. minium, red lead. 

Menadi, m. man, human being. 

MoBHKiien-. human. 





Menschenalter, n. generation. 

Menschenfeind* m. misanthrope. 

Menschenflreund, m. philanthropist. 

Menschenjcdrper, m. human body. 
» Menschenlehre,/. anthropology; human teach- 

Menschenpocken, smallpox. 

menschlich, a. human; humane. 

Mensur, /. measure, measuring vessel; duel. 

Mensor^las^n. measuring glass, graduated glass. 

Riephitlsch, a. mephitic. 
» merceriaieren, v.t. mereerize. 

Mercur, Mercur-. See Merkur, Merkur-. 

Mergel, m. marl. 

Mergelart, /. (kind or variety of) marl. 

Riergelartig, a. marly. 

mergelig, a. marly. 

Mergelkalk, m. marly limestone. 
» mergeln, v.t. marl. 

merkbar, a. perceptible, noticeable. 

merken, vd. mark, notice, perceive. 

merklich, a. perceptible, appreciable. 

Merkmal, n. characteristic, mark, sign, indica- 

Merkur. m. mercury. 

Merkorhornerz, n. {Min.) horn quicksilver, 

Merkari-. mercuric, mercuri-. 

Merkuilalien, pi. (Pharm.) mercurials. 

Merkoriammoniamchlorid, n. mercuriammo- 
nium chloride. 

Merkurichlorid, n. mercuric chloride. 

merkurt^eup v.i. mercuriase, combine with mer- 

Merkoriening. /. mercurization. 

Merknrijodid, n. mercuric iodide. 

Merkorinttrat, n. mercuric nitrate. 

Merknrioxyd, n. mercuric oxide. 

Merkarisabc, n. mercui^c salt. 

Merkurisiilfat, n. merciuic sulfate. 

Merkurisolfid, n. mercuric sulfide. 

M«rkariv6rbindiuig, /. mercuric compound. 

Merknro-. mercurous. 

MerknrodiloTid, n. mercurous chloride. 

Merkuronitrat, n. mercurous nitrate. 

Merkurooxyd, n. mercurous oxide. 

Mel-kiirosals, n. mercurous salt. 

Merkurosulfld, n. mercurous sulfide. 

Merkuroverbindong, /. mercurous compound. 

merkwilrdigy'a. noteworthy, remarkable. 

merkwttrdigerweise, adv. strange to say. 

MerocWnen, n. meroquinene. 

Merotropie, /. merotropism, merotropy. 

Mesoweiiuriiare, /. mesotartaric .add. 

MesoxalB&are, /. meaoxalic acid. . 

MesB-^ measuring. 

Messapparat, m. measuring apparatus. 

Meaaband, n. tape measure. 

measbar, a. measurable. 

Meaabereich, m. measuring range. 

Messe, /. mass; fair, market. 

meaaen, vJ. measure; survey; contain. — ge^ 
mesaen, p.a. measured, etc.; strict; formal. 

Measer, m. measurer, meter. 

Messer, n. knife; cutter. 

Messflaache, /. measuring bottle (or flask). ' 

Mesagef&sa, n. measuring vessel, measure. 

Messgerftte, n,pL measuring apparatus. 

Messing, n. brass. 

Messfngblech, n. sheet brass, brass plate. 

Messingblttte, /. aurichalcite. 

Messingdraht, m. brass wire. 

messingen, a. of brass, brass. 

Measinggiesser, m. brass founder. 

Measingnetz, n. brass netting, brass gauze.. 

Messingsehlaglot, n. brass solder. 

Messingapane, m,pl. brass shavings, brass 

Measkeil, m. measuring wedge (inside caliper 
for tubing). 

Messkdlbchen, n. little measuring flask. 

Messkolben, m. measuring flask. 

Messmittel, n. means of measuring, measuring 

Messpipette, /. pipette with a graduated scale, 
scale pipette. Cf. Vollpipette. 

Messreihe, /. series of measurements. 

Messrohr, m. measuring tube; 'specif., burette. 

Mesaserie, /. series of measurements. 

Messung,/. measuring, measuirement, mensura- 

Messverfahren, n. method or process of meas-> 

Meaazylfaider, m. measuring cylinder. 

Met, m. mead. 

Metaantimonsaure, /. metantimonic acid. 

metaaraenig, a. metarsenious. 

Metaarsens&ure, /. metarsenic acid. 

Metableia&ure, /. metaplumbic acid. 

Metabolie, /. metabolism. 

metabolisch, a, metabolic. 

MetaboraHure, /. metaboric acid. 

Metaeiaenoxyd, n. metaferric oxide. 

Metaferrihydrat, n. metaferric hydroxide. 

Metakohlensfture, /. metacarbonic acid (ordi- 

. nary carbonic acid, HsCOs). 

Metall, n. metal. 

Metal!-, metallic, metal. 

Metallader, /. metallic vein, metalliferous vein. 

metalUUmlich, metallartig, a. metallic, metal- 

Metallamid, n. metallic amide. 

Metallaiid, n. metallic azide. 

Metallbeadhreibung, /. metallography. 

Metallblatt, n. (thin) sheet of metal. 

Metallearbid, n. metallic carbide. 

Metallchlorid, n. metallic chloride. 

Metallchlorwasserstoffi^are. /. compound of a 
metal and hydrochloric acid, metallic hydro- 




Meiandampf, metallic vapor. 

MetaUfarbe, /. metallic color; bronze color. 

Metallfilrbiiiis, /. coloring of metal (specif., 
metallochrome) . 

MetaUgekrUtz, n. waste metaL 

Metallgemiach, n. metallic mixture, aOoy. 

Metallgewinnnng, /. extraction of metala, met- 

Metalli^ann, m. metallic luster. 

metallf^ULnzend, p.a, having metallic luster. 

Metallglaa, n. enamd. 

Metallgold, n. Dutch gold, Dutch fcnl. 

Metallgufls, m. metal founding, metal casting. 

metallhaltlg, a. containing metal, metaIlifoY>u8. 

Metallhtttte, /. smeltery (for metals other than 

MetalUiydroxyd, n. metallic hydroxide. 

metalHsch, a. metallic. 

metaliisleren, v.t. metallize. 

MetallitiU, /. metallic nature. 

Metallkalk, m. metallic calx (oxide). 

Metallkarbonyl, n. compound of a metal with 

Metallktfnig, m. metallic regulus or butfon. 

Metallkom, n. metal grain; pi. granulated metal. 

MetaUleglenmg, /. metallic alloy. 

Metallldsong, /. metallic solution. 

Metallmittter, /. matrix (of ores). 

metallorgataisdi, a. organometallic, metallo- 

"^ organic. 

•■ " . Hozyd, n. metallic oxide. 

''ihydrat, n. metaUic hydroxide. 

"^ .*K . ' test for metal, assay. 

.". • • . ^Hic salt. 
••••■' .1 filings. 

a ' ' . metallic sponge. 

• •••' ' .• itation silver foil. 

i. metal shavings, turnings or 

M«,. .. . :t -.m, n. spectrum of a metal. 

Metalibk 1, m. metallic mirror. 

Metallsalfiu, n. metallic sulfide. 

MetailteO, m. metal part, metallic part. 

Metalltnch, n. wire doth. 

Metallttberzog, m. metallic coating, plating, 

Metailnrg, m. metallurgist. 

metailorgiseh, a. metallurgic, metallurgical. 

Metaliverarbettnng, /. metal working. 

Metallversetzung, /. alloying, alloy. 

Metallwaren, metal wares, hardware. 

metamer, a. metameric. 

Metamerle, /. metamerism, metamery. 

Metanilgelb, n. metanil yellow, metaniline yel- 

metantimonig, a. metantimonious. 

Metantimonsilare, /. metantimonic acid. 

metaphosphorig, a. metaphosphorous. 

metaphoaphorsaner, a. of or combined with 
metaphosphoric add, metaphoephate of. 

Metaphoaphonttiire, /. metaphosphoric acid* 

Metatf are, /. meta add. 

metastabil, a. metastable. 

Metawtrilnng, /. meta podtion. 

MetavanadfaBgnre, /. metavanadic add. 

Metaverbindnng, /. meta compound. 

Mctawolframwinre, /. metatungstic add. 

MetailniiHiiore, /. metastannic add. 

Metazirkon^liire, /. metazirconic add. 

Metazackers&nre, /. metasaccharic add. 

Meteordsen, n. meteoric iron. 

Meteoratanb, m. meteoric dust. 

Meteorstefai, m. meteoric stone, aerolite. 

Methacryisaiire, /. methacrylic add. 

Methan, n. methane. 

Methode, /. method. 

methodisch, a. methodical. 

MethyiarsonAore, /. methylarsonic add. 

MethylAtlia', m. methyl ether. 

Methyiddorjir, n. methyl chloride. 

MeChylengmppe, /. methylene group. 

Methyienjodid, n. methylene iodide. 

MethytgaUosftthersilare, /. O-methylgallic acid, 
methyl ether of gallic add. 

Methylgriin, n. methyl green. 

Methyfhydriir, n. methyl hydride, methane. 

methyli^ren, vA. methylate. 

MethyQodld, n. methyl iodide, iodomethane. 

MethylwasserstofT, m. methane. 

Methyizinnsfture, /. methylstannic add. 

Metze, /. peck. 

metzdn, vj. massacre, butcher. 

Metzger, m. butcher. 

menchein, v.t. assassinate. 

menchlertech, adv. insidiously, treacherously. 

Meaterei, /. mutiny, sedition. 

m.G., abbrev. (mit Goldschnitt) with gOt edges. 

miauen, v.t. mew. 

rnlch, pron. me, mysdf . 

mied, preL of mdden. 

Miene, /. mien, look, air, feature. 

mieten, v.L hire, rent, lease. 

Mieter, m. tenant; lodger. 

MIkrobrenner, m. micro burner. 

Mikrochemie, /. microchemistry. 

Mikroklin, n. microdine. 

mlkrokoemiscb, a. microcosmic. 

ndkroskopieren, v4. examine with the micro- 

mikroskopisch, a. microscopic, microscopical. 

Milbe, /. mite. 

Milch, /. milk; mflt (of fishes). 

milchabtreibend, p.a. antigalactic. 

MUchachat, m. milk-white ae^te. 

Milchader, /. lacteal vessel. 

milchartig, a. milky, lacteal.. 

MUchbestandteilr m. constituent of milk. 

MllchfUlschung, /. adulteration of milk. 

MUchfett, n. milk fat. 

MUchtfaa, n. milk glass; breast glass. 




MUchcnid, m. milk degree (degree on the galao- 

Mflchgiite, /. quality of milk. 
ftnichliameii, n., MBrhharnflnHW, m. ehyluria. 
mflcUg, a. milky, lacteal. 
Milrhkanal, m. lactiferous duct. 
MUchkttgelcheii, n. milk globule, fat globule in 

MUchiab, n. rennet. 

ftnichmeflser, tn. galaetometer; lactometer. 
MilchporzeUan, n. milk glass, glass porcelain. 
MUchprober, MQchpnifer, m. milk tester 

(specif. , lactometer). 
MUchpiiiltang, /. milk testing. 
MUchrahm, m. cream. 
Milchsaft, m. milky juice; {BoL) latex; 

(Physiol.) chyle. 
mflchsaftig, a. chylous. 
miidusaner, a. of or combined with lactic acid, 

lactate of. 
Mflchaaure, /. lactic add. 
MUchsiiaregilnuig, /. lactic fermentation. 
MOcfastrasse, /. Milky Way. 
Mnchnntersodiiiiig, /. examination of milk, 

milk analysis. 
milchTermehrend, pM. galactagog. 
milchvertreibend, p.a. antigalactic. 
Milchwage,'/. lactometer. 
Milchwein, tn. kumiss. 
Mnchwirtschalt, /. dairy. 
Mflchwurz, /. milkwort. 
MOchzocker, m. milk sugar, lactose. 
Mflehzackersiiiire, /. saccholactic add (mudc 

mild, milde, a. mild, soft, gentle ; kind, charitable. 
mildem, v4. temper, mitigate, soften; correct 

Mfldenrngsmlttol, n. mitigant, demulcent; 

Mflitilr-. mOitary. 
Milz,/. spleen. 
Milz-. splenic. 
MUzbrand, m. anthrax. 
MilzdrOse, /. spleen. 
Mimosengamml, n. gum arable, esp. a fine 

minder,a. less, smaller, inferior, minor.--od9. less. 
MInderheit, /. minority. 
mindeijttlirig, a. under age, minor. 
mlndem, vJ.&u diminish, lessen, decrease. 
mlnderwertig, a. of lower valence; of inferior 

mindestena, adv. at least, at the least. 
Minengaa, n. idine gas. 
Minenpolver, n. blasting powder. 
Minenwerfer, m. trench mortar. 
Mineraibeatandtea, m. mineral (inorganic) con- 
Mineralchenile, /. mineral chemistry, inorganic 


Mlnerallkrbe, /. mineral color; mineral dye. 

Mineralfett, n. mineral fat or grease, spedf., 
vaseline or petroleum jdly. 

Mineralfettwaclis, n. » Mineraltalg. 

MineralgerbvDg, /. mineral tannage. 

Mfaieralien, minerals. 

Mineralienkunde, /. mineralogy. 

mineralisch, a. n^eral. 

Min^alkermes, m. kermes mineral. 

Min^almohr, m. ethiops mineral (essentially 
amorphous HgS). 

MIneralog, m. mineralogist. 

mineralogisch, a. mineralogical. 

MIneralfil, n. mineral oil; specif. , petroleum. 

Mlneralpech, n. mineral pitch, asphalt. 

IMQneralrdch, n. mineral kingdom. 

Mlneralsfture, /. mineral add. 

Mlneralschwarz, n. mineral black (ground 
graphite or graphitic slate). 

Mineraltalg, m. mineral tallow (hatchettite or 

Mlneraltrennnng, /. separation of minerals. 

Mineralturpeth, m. turpeth mineral (basic mer- 
curie sulfate). 

Mineralwachs, n. mineral wax, oxooerite. 

Aflneralwasaer, fi. mineral water. 

MinimalbeCrag, m. lowest amount; lowest rate. 

Ministerium, n. ministry; administration. 

Minoszeichen, n. minus sign. 

Minze, /. mint. 

mir, pron. to me, me. 

Mirbaneaaenz, /. essence of mirbane (nitroben- 

MlrbanftU n. oil of mirbane (nitrobenzene). 

Mirrhe, /. myrrh. 

MIrte, /. myrtle. 

MIsch-. mixed; mixing. 

mischbar, a. misdble, mixable. 

Mischbarkelt, /. misdbility. 

pilschen, 9 A. & r. mix; mingle, blend; adul- 
terate; alloy (metals); (Metal.) fettle; (Old 
Chem.) combine. 

Miflcher, m. mixer; mixing vessel; iDyeing) 
color mixer. 

Mischfarbe, /. mixed color, oombinaticm color. 

Mischflasehe, /. mixing bottle. 

MIschgas, n. mixed gas. 

Mischgef&M, n. mixing vessel. 

Mischglas, n. mixing glass. 

Mlschhefe, /. composite yeast. 

Mischfaifektion, /. mixed infection. 

Mischkristall, m. mixed crystal. 

Mischling, m. hybrid, crossbreed. 

Mischmaschlne, /. mixing machine. 

Misclunetall, n. mixed metal, alloy. 

Mischmfihle,. /. mixing mill, incorporating 

Mischrohr, n. mixing tube. 

Mischnng, /. mixture; mixing; composition; 
blend; (Old Chem.) combination, compound. 




Mifldmiigigewlcht, n. {Old Chem,) combining 

MiflchnngskoUe, /. (Soda) mixing eoal. 
Bflflchangalttcke, /. miscibility gap. 
Mischungsreehnung, /. (Math.) alligation. 
Miflchnngsregel, /. rule or law of mixtures. 
MischungsTerhaltnis, /. mixing proportion. 
Mischnngsw&rme, /. heat of mixing, heat of 

Miachyentfl, n. mixing valve. 
Mischwal2w«rk, n. (set of) mixing rollers. 
Mlschzylinder, m. mixing cylinder. 
Mispel, /. medlar. 
Miss-, mis-, dis-, mal-, de-, iU-. 
missachten, 9.<. disregard; disdain. 
Missbildung, /. malformation; deformity. 
mlssbilligen, v.t. disapprove of, oppose. 
Mlssbrauch, m. misuse, abuse. 
missen, vA. miss; dispense with. 
MisserMg, m. failure. 
Missernte, /. crop failure. 
Missetat, /. misdeed, crime. 
missfallen, v.i. be displeasing. 
missfarbig, a. discolored; inharmonious in color. 
Missfilrbung, /. discoloration. 
Missgieschlck, n. misfortune; mishap. 
Missgriff, m. mistake, blunder. 
misshandeln, vA. maltreat. 
misslang, pret. of misslingen. 
misfllich, a. doubtful, embarrassing, precarious. 
nlsslingen, v.i, fail, miscarry. 
misslangen, p.p. of misslingen. 
missmudg, a. ill-humored. 
miflsraten, v.i, — misslingen. 
misst, pr. 2 & S 8ing- of messen. 
misfitraaen, v.i. distrust, mistrust. 
MissverUUtnis, n. disproportion, asymmeU'y; 

disparity; inadequacy. 
missverstehen, vJ. misunderstand. 
Miflswachs, m. crop failure. 
Mist, m. manure, dung. 
Mistbeet, n. hotbed. 
Mistbeize, /. {Leather) dung bate. 
MIstel, /. mistletoe. 
misten, v.t, manure, dung. 
Mistjauche, /. liquid manure, dung water. 
mit, prep, with; by, in, at. — adv. together, 

jointly, also. 
Mit-. fellow, joint, co-, con . r-^Tr-. 
Mitarbeiter, m. felloTv \\v ^ •:, co '^1 orator, 

contributor, asmstar.^. 
mitbegreifen, v.t. indu'I- . 
Mitbewerber, m. com: t *nr. 
Mitbiirger, m, fellow < . • i. 
mitfiihren, v.t. carry a* * >; i-' " aIoii ; 
MItgeffihl, n. sympatl ■ 
mitgerissen, p.p. of m^..< •^i'^> 
Mitgifl, /. dowry. 
Miti^ied, n. member; 
mithin, conj. therefore ' < ' '-^ '. 

MItleld* Mitldden, n. compassion, pity. 

mitmachen, vJ. join in, take part in, conform to 

mitnelunen, v.t. take along, take, share; weaken, 
exhaust, wear; maltreat, criticize. 

Mitnehmer, m. (something that carries some- 
thing else with it), carrier, driver, gripper, 
catch, engaging piece, dog, noee, clutch, etc. 

mitreissen, v4. carry over (in distillation, etc.) ; 
carry down (in precipitation); carry, pull or 
drag along. 

Mitschuldige, m. accessory, accomplice. 

mitschwingen, v.t. covibrate. 

Mittag, m. midday, noon. 

Mittagseasen, n. noon meal, dinner. 

Mi ttagskreis, m., BfittagsUnie, /. meridian. 

Mitte, /. middle, midst, center; mean. 

mitteilen, v4. communicate, impart, give. 

Mltteilong, /. communication, etc. (see mit- 

Mittel. n. middle; medium; .means, agent; 
(Pharm.) remedy; iMath^) mean; (Mining) 
mass; average; mediation. 

Mlttel-. middle, central, mean, median, medi- 
um, intermediate, meso-. 

mitteialterlich, a. medieval. 

mittelbar, a. indirect, mediate. 

MIttelbauchgegend, /. mesogastric region. 

Mitteleck, n., Mlttelecke, /. (Cryat.) lateral 

MItteUiarbe, /. intermediate color; secondary 

Mittelfell, n. mediastinum. 

Mittelfleisch, n. perineum. 

Mltteil^ss, m. metatarsus. 

Mittelglied, n. intermediate member (of a se- 
ries); (Anat.) middle phalanx. 

mittelgross, a. medium-sized. 

Mittelgrtes^-/. medium size. 

Mittelhand, /. metacarpus. 

Mittellage, /; middle position. 

mittellang, a. of medium length. 

Mittellauge, /. weak lye. 

Mittellinie, /. median line; axis; equator. 

mittellos, a. without means. 

mittelmMssig, a. middling, mediocre, average. 

Mittehneer, n. Mediterranean Sea. 

Mlttelftl, n. middle oil. 

Mltteiponkt, m. cepter, central point. 

mtttels, prep, by means of. 

Mlttelsalz, n. neutral salt. 

mitteladiwer, a, medium heavy; half-weighted. 

mittelflit, prep, by means of. 

Mittdstand, m, middle dass. 

mitteUtHndlg, a. occupjdng a middle position, 

Mitt^traase, /. middle course. 

Mittdwert, m. mean value. 

Mlttelsahl, /. mean. 

Mittelzeag, n. (Paper) middle stuff, second 




w'ft— , <h29. in the middle, in the midst.^ 

Mltternacfat, /. midnii^t. 

mittloc* a. middle* mean, average, middling. 

mItUerwefle, adv, meanwhile. 

mitunter, adv. occamonally. 

MItwdt, /. present age, oontemporariea. 

mltwlrken, v.t. eodperate, take part, aaidat. 

Mltwtrkniig, /. eoOperation, aanstance. 

Mk., abbrev, (Mark, Marken) mark, marks. 

mkr., abbret. (mikroekopiach) microecopic(al). 

Mdbel, n. piece of furniture. 

rnobU, a. mobile; quick, active. 

mdblleren, vA. fumiah, fit up. 

Mode, MockstaU, m. German steel (made by 

direct refining ci cast iron). 
Mode, /. fashion, mode. 
Mode-, fancy, fashionable. 
Model, m, modulus; m<dd. 
ModeD, n. model; iFounding) pattern. 
moddlleren, vJ, model, mold. 
ModdllerlHriz, n. (wooden) modeling tool. 
Moddlierton, m. modeling day. 
Moddllerwaclis, n. modeling wax. 
moddn, vJ, model, mold. 
Moder, m. mold; putridity, decay, 
moderhaft, a. mddy, musty, moldering, 

modern, p.t. molder, decay, 
modem, a. modem; fashionable. 
modifiiieren, vA. nfodify. ' 
Modal, m. modulus. 
mdgen, p.t. be able, may; like, choose, 
mdi^cli, a. possible; potential; feasible. 
Mtti^cMieit, /. possibility; practicability. 
m^Vglichfit, adv. (as much) as possible. 
Mohn, m. poppy. 
MohnM, n. poppynseed oil. 
Mohnsaft, m. poppy juice, opium. 
MohnAnre, /. meconic add. 
Mobnstoff, m. narcotine. 
Mohr, m. (Old Chem.) black, ethiops; watered 

fabric, moir6; watered effect, moir6; Moor; 

negro. — mlneralischerMohr, ethiops mineral. 
Mdhre, /. carrot. 
Mohrrttbe,. carrot. 

Mohrschefi Salz. Mohr's salt (ammonium fer- 
rous sulfate). 
molrieren, vA. water, doud (fabrics). 
Md, n. raole, mol. 
Md-. molar. 
Mdch, m. salamander. 
MdekiU, Mdekel, n. molecule. 
Mdeknlaranziehang, /. molecular attraction. 
Mdekolarbewegnng, /. molecular motion or 

Moleknlardrack, m. molecular pressure. 
Mdekularfonnd, /. molecular formula. 
Mdekolargewldit, n. mdecular weight. 
Mdekulargewichtsbestlmmiuig, /. molecular 

wd^t determination. 

/. molecular magnitude; 
mdecular weight. 

Mdekolarwilrme, /. molecular heat. 

Mdeknlarwirkimg, /. mdecular action (or ef- 

Mdeknlannatand, m. molecular state or eondi- 
tion, molecularlty. 

Mdekttlverblndmig, /. molecular compound. 

Mdenlmich, m. fraction of a mole, molar 

Md.-Gew., abbrev, (Mddkulargewicht) molee- 
ular weight. 

Molgewleiit, n. molar wdght, gram-molecular 
weight; inexactly, molecular wdght. 

MdgrHase, /. mdar magnitude. 

mdk, pret, of mdken. 

Moike, /., Mdken, whey. 

Mdkenweeen, n., MoikenwirUwhaft, Mdkerei. 
/. dairy. 

mdldg, a. wheyey. 

mfillem, v.l. (Metal.) mix (the ores and fluxe* 
for the charge). 

MMlemng, /. (Metal.) mixture (of ores and 
fluxes), charge. 

moUetieren, v.t. mill (coins, etc.). 

moUig, a. cosy, snug; soft; (pt leather) plunqK 

Md.-B^., oftbrep. of Molekulanefraktion. 

Mdverhiiltnifl, n. molar ratio. 

Mdvdnm, n. molar volume. 

Mdybdibi, n. molybdenum. 

Mdybd&nblan, n. mdybdoium blue. 

Mdjrbdilnbleispat, ni. wulfenite (PbMoOO* 

Mdybdilnglanx, MdybdHnklea, m. mdybde- 

Mdybdiknocher, m. molybdic odier, molybdite. 

molybd&nsauer, a. of or combined with molyb- 
dic add, molybdate of. 

MdybdAnsilnre, /. molybdic add. 

MolybdJInetahl, m. molybdenum sted. 

Mdznetand, m. molecular condition. 

momentan, a. momentary. 

Momentbild, n. instantanepus photograph. 

Momentkiemme, /. instantaneous damp. 

Men., abbrev. (Monographie) monograph. 

monalkyliert, p.a. having one alkyl group in- 
troduced, monalkylated. 

Monat, m. month. 

Monatsfluse, m. menses, menstruation. 

Monatsheft, n. monthly part or number. 

Mdnch, m. monk. 

Mdnchskappe, /. monkshood, aconite. 

Mond, tn. moon. 

mondffirmig, a. crescent-shaped, lunate. • 

Mondgas, n. Mond gas (named from its inven- 

Mondmilch, /. agaric mineral. 

Mondstein, m. moonstone. 

Monocarbonsfture. /. monocarboxylic add. 

monocycllach, a. monocydic. 

Monographie, /. monograph. 




moiiohetoroatoiiiig, a. monoheteratomic 
monohydratisch, a. monohydric. 
monoklin, monokUnisch, a. monocliiuc. 
Monosnlfosiliire, /. monosulf onic add. 
Montag, m.. Monday. 

Montage, /. mounting, setting up, erection. 
Montan-. mountain; mining. 
Montanindustrie, /. mining industry. 
Montanwachs, n. montan wax. 
montieren, v.t. mount; set up, erect (a machine). 
' Moos, n. moss. 
Moosachat, m. moss agate. 
mooeardg, a. mosslike, mossy. 
Moospnlver, n. lycopodium powder. 
Moosst&rke, /. lichen starch, lichenin. 
Morast, m. morass, bog. 
Morasterz, n. bog ore. 
Mord, m. murder. 
mordanzieren, v.L mordant. 
Mttrder; m. murderer. 
Morgen, m. morning; East, Orient; acre. 
morgen, adv. tomorrow. 
Morgenbrot, n. breakfast. 
morgend, a. of tomorrow. ' 
Morgenland, n. East, Orient. 
morgenl&ndisch, a. oriental. 
Moringagerbsaure, /. moringatannic acid. 
Morphium, n. morphine. 
morsch, a. rotten, decayed; tender (fabrics). 
MorseUe, /. lozenge. 

Mdrser, m. mortar (the vessel and the cannon). 
Mdrserkenle, /. pestle. 
Mdrtel, m. mortar (the material). 
Mdrtelwasche, /. thin mortar, grout. 
mosaisch, a. mosaic. 
Moschee, /. mosque. 
Moschus, m. musk. 
Moschoswurzel, /. musk root (specif., the root 

of FenUa sumZmO. 
Moskovade, /. muscovado. 
Most, m. must. 
Mostmesser, m. must gage. 
Mostrich, m. mustard. 
Mostwage, /. must hydrometer. 
Motte, /. moth. 
Motze, /. (plasa) mi. -■ * 
moussieren, v.i. effer • ^j* ha-i> -.^ •. f 7r» 
Mttcke, /. gnat, mid»);c 
mucken, v,i. sulk; nmt^ -. 
Muckerei, /. bigotry, h . r "^'■.* 
mUde, a. tired, wear* .''•-. 
Miidigkeit, /. fatigue . . r ^ 
Muff, m., Muffe, /.mi/', /j >■ '• 

Muffel, /. muffle. 
Muffelfarbe, /. muffl-- '" I'-r. 
Muffelofen, m. muffl .'■]'-~.a<> 
Moffenrohr, n. sockei ,>i'w<. 
mufflg, miiffig, a. mus /. 'r.t. i 
Mlihe, /. pains, trout '.« 

>1r^- , socket 

mtthen, v.r. trouble, take pains. 

Miihle, /. mill. 

Mtthlenstaub, m. mill dust. 

Mtthlstein, m. millstone. 

Mtthsal, n. difficulty, trouble. 

miihsam, a. troublesome, toilsome, hard. 

Mulde, /. trough; basin, bowl; (M«(al.) pig 

mold, pig. 
MuldenUei, n. pig \eaA, 
MiiU, n. dust, dry moid. 
Miiller, m. mioier. 
Maim, m. ore dust, earthy ore. 
mulmig, a. dusty; earthy. 
multiplizieren, v.t. multiply. 
Mamie, /. mummy. 
Mumme, /. mum (a strong beer). 
Mund, m, mouth; opening, muzzle, vent, etc." 
Mundart, /. dialect; idiom, 
munden, v.i. taste well. 
mttnden, v.i. discharge, empty, open. 
Mundhohle, /. oral cavity, 
miindig, a. of age. 
Mundklemme, /. lockjaw. 
Mundleim, m. mouth ^ue (to be moistened 

with the mouth). 
mundlich, a. oral, verbal. 
Mundstiick, n. mouthpiece. 
Mundung, /. mouth; aperture, orifice, etc.; 

terminus (of a railway). 
Mundwasser, n. gargle, mouth wash. 
munkein, v.i. whisper. 
Mttnster, n. minster. 
munter, a. live, lively, cheerful, vigorous. 
Mttnzanstalt, /. mint. 
Miinzbeschickung, /. alloyage. 
Milnze, /. coin; money; medal; mint (for 

coining); mint (the herb). 
mflnzen, v.t. mint, coin. 
Mtinzgehalt, m. &ieness (of coins). 
Mttnzkenner, n. numismatist. 
Miinzwesen, n. coinage, minting. 
Miinzzusatz, m. alloy (in coins). 
mttrbe, a. mellow, tender, soft; brittle, friable ; 

{Metal.) short. 
Mttrbigkeit, /. mellowness, etc. (see mttrbe). 
murmelii, v.i. murmur. 
Mnrmeltier, n. marmot. 
murren, v.i, murmur, grumble. 
miirrisch, a. peevish, surly. 
Mns, n. pulp; jam, marmalade, (fruit) sauca 
musartig, a. pulpy, thick. 
Muschei, /. (mussel) shell; mussel; external 

Muschelgold, n. ormolu, 
muschelig, a. conchoidal; shelly. 
Museheikalk, m. shell lime; shell limestone. 
Muschelmarmor, m. dhdl marble, lumachel. 
Mosiker, m. musieian. 
Mnsiv-. mosaic 
Musivarbeit, /. mosaic work, mosaic. 





Mnsivgold, n. mosaic gold. 

MnskatbalBam, m. nutmeg butter. 

Muskatbime, /. musk pear. 

MuskatUiite, /. mace. 

Muskatbltttdl, n. oil of mace, maoe oil. 

Mofikatbntter, /. nutmeg butter. 

Muskate, /. nutmeg. 

M uakateller, m. muscatel. 

Mnakatenblttte, /. maoe. 

Muskatnussy /. nutmeg. 

Moskatnuasdly n. nutmeg oil. 

Maskd, m. muscle. 

Muskel-. muscular, myo-. 

Mofikeleiweiss, n. myosin. 

Mnskelfaser, /. muscular fiber. 

Muskdgewebe, n, muscular tissue. 

Muskdstoff, m. sarcosine. 

Mnskelzucker, m. inosite. 

muss, pr. 1 &S sing, of mttssen. 

Moss, n. = Mus; necessity. 

Musse, /. leisure. 

Mossdin, m. mudin. 

miissen, v,i. must, be obliged, ought. 

mussieren, v.i, effervesce. 

mtisdg, a. idle. 

musste, preL of mUssen. 

Muster, n. pattern; sample, sptedmen; stand- 
ard; example. 

Mnsterflasche, /. sample bottle. 

masterhaft, a. standard, tsrpical; exemplary. 

Mnsterkarte, /. pattern card. 

mustonn&Bsig, a. standard, typical. 

mnstern, v.t. figure (fabrics); emboss (paper); 
muster; (Dyeing) bring to i^ade. — gemastert, 
p.a. figured, fancy. 

MuaterBammhing, /. specimen collection. 
Mtfsteraelchnimg, /. design. 
Mnt, m. courage, spirit; humor; mood; anger, 
mntmassen, v4. guess, conjecture. 
mntmasdich, a. supposed, conjectural. 
Matter, /. mother; matrix; uterus; nut, 

female screw. 
Matter-, mother, maternal, uterine. 
Mattererde, /. garden mold; native soil. 
Mutterfass, n. (Vinegar) mother vat. 
Mutterf<Nin, /. iCeram.) master mold; (Biol') 

parent form. 
Mattergestein, n. gangue, matrix. 
Muttergummi, n. galbanum. 
Mutterharz, n. galbanum. 
Mutterkorn, n. ergot. 
Mutterkuchen, m, placenta. 
Matterktimmel, m. cumin. 
Matterlaage, /. mother liquor. 
Matterleib, m. womb, uterus. 
Mutterpech, n. (Med.) meconium. 
Mutterschliissel, m. nut wrench. 
Mutterstoff, m., Muttersabstanz, /. mother 

substance, parent substance. 
Mutterzelle, /. mother cell, parent cell, 
matwillig, a. wanton, mischievous. 
Mtttze, /. cap. 

miitzenfdrmig, a. cap-shaped. 
Myrikawachs, n. myrtle wax. 
Myristidnsaure, /. myristicic add. 
Myristfnsaure, /. myristic add. 
Myrons&ure, /. myronic acid. 
Myrrhe, /. myrrh. 
Myrrhenharz, n. myrrh. 
Myrte, /. myrtle. 

««— "^w^^ 



n., abbrep. normal; (nOrdlieh) northern; (netto) 

V^ dbbrea. (nadunittags) afternoon, p.m.; 
(nachts) at night; (Nord, Norden) north. 

Nabe, /. (Af odL) nave, boss. 

Nabel, m. navel; (Bot.) hflum* 

Nabel-. mnbilieal. 

Nabelkraat, n. navdwort. 

nacfa, prep, to, toward, after, according to, 
(nneU, taste) of. — adv, behind, after. 

Nach-. (with nouns) after, post-, subsequent, 
secondary, second, counter-; (with verbs) 
after, again,' re-, post^. 

nachahmen, vA. & t. imitate, counterfeit, adul- 
terate. — nachgeahmt, pM. imitation, «)unter- 
feit, fictitious. 

Nachbar, m. neighbor. 

Nachbarschicht, /. neighboring layer or stratum. 

Naehbehandlong, /. after-treatment. 

nachbeizen, vA, (Dyeing) sadden. ' 

nachbeasmi, v.t. improve upon, touch up, re- 
touch, repair. 

NachbUd, n. after-image; copy, imitation. 

nachbilden, v.L copy, reproduce, imitate, 

nachchromieren, v.t. (Dyeing) afterchrome, 

nachdem, ado. afterward, hereafter. — eonj, 
after, according as. 

nachdenken, v.t. meditate, reflect. 

Nachdmck, m, energy, emphasis; pirated edi- 
tion, piracy 

nachdnnkeln, vA. (Dyeing) fiU up, sadden. 

Nacheifer, m. emulation. 

nach^nander, adv, one a^^~r t.r.» her, stt<5Bes- 

Nachen, m. boat. 

Nachf., abbreo. ( -■ 

!; ''<; ' . 1 oessor, suo- 


nachf&rben, vA. d* 

V- . ' ' <tain. 

nachflxieren, vA. f.< . • . 

■ / . 

nachMgen, v.t. fc ' 

-<.• Hi. - tachfolgend. 

p.a. following, hulw 

i I .'T' V , < . Inuous, con- 


Nachfolger, m. su^ 

'. .: ■ 'f. . . 

nachforschen, vA. : 

' rch, investi- 




search, scrutiny. 

Nachfrage, /. inq-. 

'/''•" ■* •' .land. 

nachf iiDen, vA. fill up, replenish, add to. 

nachgiren* ««t. undergo after-fermentation. 

Nach^tafaas, n. (Brewing) cleansing cask. 

Nachgftning, /. after-fermentation, secondary 

nachgeahmt, p,a. See nachahmen. 

nachgeben, o.t. give way, yield. 

Nachgebart, /. afterbirth. 

nachgemacht, pui. See nachmachen. 

nachgerben, vA. re-tan. 

Nachgeschmack, m. aftertaste. 

nachgieasen* vA. pour again, refill. 

Nachgilben* n, subsequent yellowing. 

Nachgoss, m. second pouring, refilling; (Brew- 
ing) after-mash, second wort, also sparging 
water and sparging. 

nachher, adv. afterward, hereafter, later. 

nachherig, a. subsequent. 

naclih<4en, vA. recover, make up. 

Nachhut, /. rear, rear guard. 

nachkochent vA. continue boiling, boil again. 

Nachkomme, m. descendant, successor. 

nachkommen, v.i. follow, overtake, comply with, 

nachkupfem, vA. after-treat with copper or a 
copper compound. 

Nachlass, m. estate, assets, legacy; reduction; 

nachlassen* v.L temper, anneal (glass or metals) ; 
slacken, rdax; abate, deduct; leave behind, 
leave. — 9.t. slacken, subside. 

nachUssig, a. negligent, remiss. 

Nachlauf, m. second runnings. 

nachleuchten, v.i, shine afterward, phosphoresce. 

Nachlenchten, n. afterglow, phosphorescence. 

nachmachen, vA. imitate, counterfeit. — ^nach- 
gemacht, p.a. imitation, counterfeit, artificial. 

Nachmaiache, /. after-mash. 

nachmalig, a. subsequent. 

Nachmittag, m. afternoon. 

Nachmtthlenlil, n. inferior olive oil from the marc. 

Nachnahme, /. reimbursement. — nnter Nach- 
nahme, C.O.D. 

nachnoancieren, v.t. shade (colors). 

Nachoxydation, /. after-oxidation. 

Nachiuresse, /. re-pressing machine; (Paper) 
press rolls. 

nachpressen, v.t. re-press. 

nachputzen, vA. repoliflh. finish off. 

Nachrede, /. epilog; report, rumor. 



*. 175 


Naehiicht* /. news; information, no^oe. 

Nachraf, m. obitiuuy address, notice, or the 
like; posthumous fame; calling after. 

nachsalzen, v,L xtsalt. 

nachschlagen, v.t. iQpk up, refer to. 

Nachschlagewerk, n. reference work. 

NachschlUssel, m. master key.> 

Nachschrifl, /. postscript. 

nachsehen, v,i. look, search, see (to).^J. look 
after, look over; overtook, excuse. 

nachsetzen, v.U add; put after; postpone. 

Nachsicht, /. inspection; forbearance, indul- 

nttchst, adp. & prep. next. 
* nilclisto, a. next, nearest. 

Nadhsteehbier, n. feed beer. 

nachstechen, vA. (Brewing) top up. 

nachstehend, p.a. following, below. 

nachstdlbar, a. regulable. 

nachstellen, vM regulate. 

niichsteiis, adv, next time, shortly. 

Naeht, /. night. 

NachtUau, n. night blue. 

Naeht^, m. disadvantage, detriment, damage. 

Nachtigall, /. nightingale. 

Nachtiaeh, m. dessert. 

Nachtkerze, /. night light; evening primrose 

Nachtmahl, n. supper. ^ 

Nachtrag, m. supplement, addendum. 

nachtragen^ v.t. add, append; harbor (a grudge 
toward someone). 

nachtrili^eli, a. supplementary, additional; 
extra; sutlsequent, later. 

Nachtripper, m. gleet. 

Nachtsehatten, m. nightshade. 

Nachweichen, n., Nachw^che, /. (Brewing^ 

Nachwefs, m, detection; proof; inforiiation. 

nachwefsbar, a. detectable; de-nonstrable; 

nachwelsen, v.t. detect; prove, demonstrate, 
establish; identify; point out, refer to. 

nachweislich, a. « nachweisbar. 

Nachwelsung, /. detection; proof, demonstra- 
tion; identification; information; reference. 

Nachwelt, /. posterity. 

Nachwirkung, /. after-effect, secondary effect. 

NachwUrze, /. second wort. 

Nacken, m. neck, nape. 

Nacken-. cervical. 

nackt, a. naked, bare; plain. ' 

Nadd, /. needle; pin. 

nadelartig, a. needle-like, adcular. 

N&delchen, n. little needle (or pin). 

Nadeleisenerz, n.- needle iron ore (gdthite in 
adcular crystals). 

Nadelerz, , n. needle ore (aikinite in adcular 

naddfSrmig, a. needle-shaped, adcular. 

Nadelholz, i». conifers (collectively), esp. pjaM: 

and firs. 
Nadetotein, m. needlestone (natrolite). 
Nadelze<rfitli, m. needle zeolite (natrolite). 
Nadeizlmierz, n. adcular casdterite. 
Nafta, /. naphtha. 
Naftalin, n. naphthalene. 
Nagel, m. nail. 

, Nilgel^n, n. little nail; tack; dove; pink, 
nageln, v.t. naiL 
nagen* r.<. & i. gnaw. 
Nager, m., Nagetler, n. rodent, 
nahe, a. near, adjacent; imminent. — ad». near, 

Nfthe,/. nearness, doseness; vidnity; presence, 
nahen, v.u approach, 
nillieii, vj. sew. 
n&her, a. nearer, doser. 
ntthem, vA. bring near.— «.r. draw near. 
nahestehend, p.a. dosely rdated or connected; 

standing near. 
nahem, ad \ almost, wdl-nigh. 
nahni, pref. of nehmen. 
f^Uinadel, /. sewing; needle 
Ntthr-. nutritive, alimentary. 
Nllhrboden, m. nutritive substratum, nutrient 

n&hren, v.t. feed; nourish; support. 
NAhrflUsslgkelt, /. nutrioit (or nutritive) liquid 

or fluid. 
NUirgeschftflt, n. nutrition. 
nahrhalt, a. nutritive, nouridiing, nutritious; 

productive; lucrative. 
Nfthrkraft, /. nutritive power. 
NfthrlSsan^, /. nutrient (or nutritive) solution. 
N&hrmlttel, n. ^ood. 

Nfthrsaflt, m. nutrient juice; spedf., chyle. 
Nilhrsalz, n. nutrien': salt (salt required for 

proper nutrition). 
Nfthrstoff, m, nutritive substance, nutrient; nu- . 

tritive material, foodstuff, food. 
Nllhrstoffgehalt, m. nut ient content, food con- .' 

Nfthrsnbstrat,' n. nutritive substratum. 
Nahmng, /. nourishment, nutriment, food; 

subsistence; (Leather) tawing paste. 
Nahmngsbrel, m. chyme. 
Nahmngsflilssigkelt, /. nutritive liquid; chyle. 
Nahmngsmittel, n. food. 
Nahmngsmlttelkiinde, /. (sdenoe of) nutrition. 
Nahrungsrohr, n. alimentary canal. 
Nahrungssaft, m. nutrient juice; spedf., (Med.y 

chyle, (Bot.) sap. -• 

Nahmngsstoff, m, nutritive substance, nourish- 
ment, food. 
Nahmngstdichen, n. nutritive dement. 
Nahmngswert, m. nutritive value. . 
Naht, /. seam, suture. 
Name, /. name; denomination; title. 
namentlich, adv. by,-fiame» namely, espedally. 




manluift, a. named; famousy well known; con- 
ngmHch, a. identical. — adv, namely, that ia. 
nannte, preL of nennen. 
Nansifer Sftmre. lactic acid. 
. Ni^, m. bowl, baain, pan. 
Nllpfcfaenkobalt, m. flaky metallic anenic 
naiiffbrmig, a. bowl-shaped. * 

Napht-. naphth-. 
Ni^hta, /. naphtha; petroleum. 
Naphlaeen* it. naphthacene. 
Naphtaldehyd, n. naphthaldehyde. 
Naphtaiin, n. naphthalene. 
Naphtaiinc^b, n. naphthalene yellow. 
Naphtalinsi&iire, /. naphthalenic add (2^y- 

droxy- 1,4-naphthoquinone?). 
Naphtalfaumifos&iire, /. naphthalenesolfonic 

NaphtalAure,/. naphthalic add, CioHc(COsH)s. 
NaphtanthracMnon, n. naphthanthraquinone. 
Naphtaxarln, n. naphthazarin. 
Naphtazin, n. naphthastne. 
Naphten, n. naphthene. 
Naphtidin, n. naphthidine. 
Naphtionaiiiire, /. naphthionic add. 
Naphto-. naphtho-. 
Naphtochinon, n. naphthoquinone. 
Naphtocomarin, n. naphthoooumarin (or -eu- 

Naphtoedlnre, /. naphthoic add. 
Naphtd, n. naphthol. 
NaiAtolUan, n. naphthcd blue. 
Naphtolcdb, n. naphthol ydlow. 
naphtiriieren, vS. naphtholize, naphthdate. 
Niq^htolschwars, n, naphthol black. 
NaphtoyI, n. naphthoyl. 
Naphtsuitam, n. naphthosultam, naphsultam. 
Naphtaulton, it. naphthosultone, naphsultone. 
Naphftji, n. naphthyl. 
Naphtylamin, n. naphthylamine. 
Naphtylblao, n. naphthyl bluA. 
Naphtyridln, n. n . *>•- ^.- «p. 
Narbe, /. scar; & t. .. // ■.•* '-i and paper) 

narben, vU. grair- <,.''■ ^ etc.). — v.i. 

Narben, m. (Leath '* . 
Narbenleder, n. g} .• .• 
Narbenseite, /. gn •< ^ . 
narbic a. scarred, u 't"^* i [leather). 

Narde, /. spikenar* ' •* . 
Barkotiseh, a. na* ■ . •' .^Jie Mittel, 

narkotiaieren, J. i . " 
Narr, m. fool. 

nftrrlsch, a. foolish; • '. : ' cry, funny. 

Narzisae, /. nardss •! 
naschen. o.<. & t. eat. ■*> '>M«- ^H ti- g). 
naaderend, put. nai ** - . 
Naae,/. nose; beak. ... t ' pet, etc 

n&sein, v.i. nasalize. 

Naaen-. nasal, naso-. 

Nasenloeh, n. nostril. 

naaeweis, a. saucy, pert. 

Naahom, n. rhinoceros. 

nasa, a. wet; moist, humid, damp.- 

Weg,'wet way,* wet process. 
Naasbleiche, /. wet bleach. 
NMsae, /. wetness, moisture, 
nilaaen, v.L wet, moisten. 
Naasprobe, /. wet test. 

Niissprobe, /. moisture test or determination. 
Naasverfahren, it. wet process, 
naszierend, p.a. nascent. 
Natrium, n. sodium. 
Natrtnmaiann, m. sodium alum. 
Natriumamid, n. sodium amide, sodamide. 
Natriumbenzoat, n. sodium beiuoate. 
Natriumbreciiweiiiatein, m. antimonyl sodiuna 

Natrium bromatam. iPhartn.) sodium bromide. 
NatrinmlMoniid, it. sodium bromide. 
Natrium cliioratam. iPhami.) sodium chloride. 
Natrium diioricom. iPharm.) sodium chlorate. 
NatriomcUorid, it. sodium chloride. 
Natrinmgoldcldorid, it. sodium chloraurate. 
Natrinmhydrat, it. sodium hydroxide. 
Natriumhydrozyd, n. sodium hydroxide. 
Natrinmhyperjodat, it. sodium pmodate. 
Natrium Jodatom. (PAamt.) sodium iodide. 
NatriumJodid, it. sodium iodide. 
Natriomkarbonat, n. sodium carbonate. 
Natrinmiritrat, it. sodium nitrate. 
Natriumozyd, n. sodium oxide. 
Natrinmoxydhydrat, it. sodium hydroxide. 
Natrinmphospliat, it. sodium phosphate. 
Natrinmplatinrhlorid, it. sodium ehl<Nt>idati- 

Natriumaolflit, n. sodium sulfate. 
Natrinmaulfhydrat, it. sodium hydroaulfide. 
Natriumverbindung, /. sodium compound. 
Natrinmwaaseratoir, m. sodium hydride. 
Natriumzyanamid, it. sodium cyanamide. 
Natron, n. (caustic) soda, sodium liydrozide; 

soda (NaaO, cf. Kali).' 
Natronalaun, m. soda alum. 
Natronfttzlauge, /. caustic soda solution. 
Natronceliuioae, /. iPaper) soda pulp. 
Natrongias, it. soda s^ass. 
natronlialtig, a. containing soda. 
Natronhydrat, n. sodium hydroxide. 
Natronhyperoxyd, it. sodium peroxide. 
Natronicalk, m. soda lime. 
Natronlange, /. soda lye, solution of caustic 

Natronmetall, it. (metallic) sodium. 
Natronpaatille, /. (Pharm.) trodie of aodium 

Natronsalpeter, m. soda saltpeter, Chile salt- 
peter (NaNOi). 





Natroasals, t». soda ndt, sodium salt. 

Natronaeife, /. aoda soap. 

Natronatoff, m. (Paper) soda pulp. 

Natrmiwaaaerglaay n. soda-water class, sodium 

Natronweliistdii, m. sodium tartrate. ^ 

NatUv, /. adder, viper. 

Natterwon, /. bistort; euckoopint. 

Nator, /. nature. 

Natnrerscheiiiiiiig, /. mttursl phenomenon. 

Natareneofnia, /. natural product. 

natorfarbig, a. of natural color, (of leather) fair. 

Natiirforsch«r, m. investigator of nature, sden- 
tifie investigator, (formerly) natural philos- 
opher; naturalist. 

Naturgas, n. natural gas. 

naturgemiaB, a. according to nature, naturaL 

Natnrgeseta, n. law of nature, natural law. 

NaturUkrte, /. natural hardness. 

Natorkovfer, it. a very pure, finely divided 
form of copper (trade name). 

Natnrlehre, f. natural science, natural phOoe- 

natttrllch, a. n .tural; native. 

Naturprodukt, n. natural product. 

Naturreich, n. domain or kingdom of nature. 

Natarwiflsenachaft, /. natural science. 

Nd., abbren. (Niederschlag) precipitate. 

Ndd., akXnev. (Niederscfalftge) precipitates. 

Neapelgelb, n. Naples yellow. 

Neapefawt, n. Naples red. 

Nebel, m. mist, fog. 

Nebelapparat, m. atomizer. 

Nebdfleck, m. nebula. 

Nebelgeschoss, n. sihoke projectile or shell. 

nebellg, a. misty, foggy. 

Nebelkaatefi, m. smoke box. 

Nebeltopf, m. smoke pot. 

Nebeltrommel, /. smoke drum. 

neben,.prep. beside, by, near. 

Neben-. by-, side-, secondary, accessory, sub- 
ordinate, adjoining. 

Nebenachse, /. secondary axis, 

Nebenbestandteil. m. secondary ingredient. 

Nebenbew^s, m. accessory proof, additional 

Nebenbindung, /. secondary union or bond, 
linkage of the second order. 

Nebenbahler, m. competitor, rival. 

Nebeneinanderstellnng, /. juxtaposition; coita- 

Nebenfiu'be, /. secondary or tertiary color. 

Nebenfljiche, /. secondary face. 

NebenflnsH, m. tributary. 

Nebengang, m. by-way; {Mining) lateral vein. 

Nebengeaclmiaek, m. after-taste, tang. 

nebenher, adv. besides, by the way. 

Nebenkette, /. side chain, subordinate chain. 

Nebenllnie, /. secondary line; branch line. 

NebenmeBsch, m. fcDow VMMm 

Nebemdcre, /. suprarenal capsule. 

Nebemderen-. suprarenal. 

Nebenprodnkt, n. by-product. 

Nebenrohr, n. side tube (or pipe), branch tube 
(or pipe). 

Nebenn^e, /. subordinate rOle. 

Nebenaache, /. secondary matter. 

Nebenaehilesaang, /., Nebenachhww, m. (Else.) 

Nebenaerle, /. subordinate seriea. 

Nebenapfaaie, /. secondary cofl. 

Nebenteil, m. accessory part. 

Nebentftel, m. subtitle. 

Nebentypua, m. secondary type. 

Nebenwinkel, n. adjacent angle. 

Nebenwirknng, /. secondary effect. 

Nebenwort, n. adverb. 

nebst, prep, besides, including. 

necken, v.U tease, chaff. 

Neffe, m. nephew. 

Neger, m. negro. 

nehmen, vJt, take. 

Neid, m. envy; grudge. 

Nelge,/. indination, dope; dr^s, sediment; 
decline, wane... 

neigen, v.t, incline, bend. — v.r. incline, bend, 
lean, slope, dip, decline, bow. — geneigt, p.a 
inclined, etc.; disposed, favorable. 

Neigung, /. inclination; dope, pitch, dip; ten« 

Neigimgsebene, /. iodined plane. 

nein, tnterj, no. 

Nekrolog, m. obituary. 

Ndke, /. pink (the flower); dove. 

NdkenttI, n. dove oH, (oil of cloves). 

Nelkenpfeffer, m. allspice, pimento. 

Nelkenpfefferwasser, n. {Pharm,) pimento water 

Nelkensilure, /. eugenol. 

Nelkenslein, m. iolite. 

Nelkenzfant, m. dove dnnamon, clove cassia. 

nennen, vJt. name, call, term. 

nennenswert, a. worth mentioning, noteworthy. 

Nenner, m. denominator. 

Nennwmt, n. noun. 

Neodym, n. neodymium. 

NeroUdl, n. neroli (oil of orange flowers). 

Nerv, m. nerve; sinew; fiber; vein (of a leaf). 

Nerren-. nerve, neoro-. 

Nervenknnde, /. neurology. 

Nervenstoff, m. nerve substance, neural sub- 

nervlg, a. nervous; nerved; sinewy; vigorous, 

N«z, m. mink. 

Neesel, /. nettle. 

nett, a. neat; pleasant, kind; {Su^ar) pure white. 

netto, adr. net. 

Nettogewlcht, n. net weight. 

Neta, n. net, nettin/; gauze; network, plexus; 
omentum; (of a tdescope) retide. 




Netd>ad, n. (Dyeing) wetting-out bath. 

Netzbeize» /. (in turkey red dyeing) oil mor- 

netzen, v.t. wet, moisten, steep, soak. 

Netzfass, n. steeping cask or tub. 

Netzflotte, /. (Dyeing) wetting-out liquor. 

netzformig, a. net-shaped, reticular. 

Netthaut, /. retina. 

Netzhaut-. retinal. 

Netzst&nder, m. (Paper) steeping tub. 

nen, a. new. — cub. newly, lately, 

Nenbian, n. new blue. 

neuerdings, adv. newly, recently; again. 

Neuenuig, /. innovation. 

neugebUdet, p.a. newly formed. 

Neugelb, n. new yellow. 

NeugewUrz, n. allspice, pimento. 

Neugier, Neugierde, /. cunosity. 

Neugold, n. Mannheim gold. 

Neuhelt, /. novelty, newness. 

Nenigkeit, /. news; novelty. 

Neujahr, n. New Year. 

neulich, adv. lately, of late. — a. late, recent. 

Nettling, m. novice. 

neun, a. nine. 

neunflftchig, a. nine-sided (or -faced). 

neunte, a. ninth. 

neunwertig, a. nonavalent. 

neunzehn, a, nineteen. 

neunzig, a. ninety. 

Nenrot, n. new red. 

Nensilber, n. German silver. 

Neutralisatlonswarme, /. heat of neutralization. 

neutraliaieren, v.t. neutralize. 

Neutralisierung, /. neutralization. 

Neutralltat, /. neutrality. 

Neutralsalz, n. neutral salt. 

Neuwieder Griin. Neuwied green (Paris green). 

n.F., abbrev. (neue Folge) new series. 

nicht, adv. not. — mlt nichten, not at all. 

NIcht-. non-, not, in-, im-. 

nichtdissoziiert, p.a. undissociat-ed, nondissoci- 

Nichte, /. niece. ^ 

Nlchtelek»-rl.vt, .;m- crolyte. 

nichtezisti.ii^ •-•<^'' -. '* • ible of existence. 

nlchtflUcht'" ' t'.' , L .» . , 

nichtgasfdr:-''-' «y. . • u- s. 

Nichtgerbst >'...■ - .n-: i . . , non-tan. 

nichtig, a. n . 'i.t» •. Mle. . 

NIchtion, n. '••> > 

nichtleltend, ; '• - c v -: ' 'j g. 

Nichtleiter, ?n. . <- • J". . 

Nlchtmetall, n : » - 

nichtmetallisch ' 

Nichtmischbarl ■ t. ^. iuty. 

nichts, n. nothing', .. 'u . - ' ". 's Nichts, nihil 
album (sublim . 'nc ox' '• • 

nichtschmelzbar, a. • ' :nusible. 

nichtsdestowenigcr «'.<V. <i<.>8s. 

nichtssagend, p.a. meaningless. 

nichtswilrdig, a. worthless; base. 

nichtumwandelbar, a. inconvertible. 

Nichtomwandelbarkeit, /. inconvertibility. 

Nichtvergriinen, n. imgreenable black. 

nichtw&sserig, a. nonaqueous. 

Nichtzucker, m. nonsugar. 

Nickelantimonglanz, m. ullmannite. 

Nickelarsenikkies, m. gersdorffite (NiAsS). 

Nickelbliite, /. nickel bloom (annabergite). 

Nickelchloriir, n. nickel(ous) chloride. 

Nickelcyanfir, n. nickelous cyanide. 

NIckelerz, n. nickel ore. 

Nickelglanz, m. nickel glance (gersdorffite). 

nickelhaltig, a. containing nickel, nickeliferous. 

Nickelkies, m. millerite. 

Nickelkohlenoxyd, n. nickel carbonyl. 

Nickellegiening, /. nickel alloy. 

Nickelmiinze, /. nickel coin. 

Nickelocher, pi. nickel ocher (annabergite). 

Nickeloxyd, n. nickel (ous) oxide. 

Nickelsalz, n. nickel salt. 

Nickelspelse, /. nickel speiss. 

Nickelspiess^anzerz, n. ullmannite. 

Nlckelstahl, m. nickel steel. 

Nickelstein, m. (Metal.) nickel matt. 

Nickelsulfiir, .n. nickelous sulfide. 

Nickeliiberzug, m. nickelplating. 

Nlckelvitriol, m. nickel sulfate. 

nlcken, v.i. nod. 

nle, adv. never. 

nieder, a. low, lower, inferior, secondary. — adv. 
low, down. 

niederblasen, v.t. blow out (a furnace). 

NIederdruck, m. low pressure. 

niederdrucken, v.t. press down; depress. 

niederfallen, v.i. fall down, precipitate, settle. 

Niedergang, m. going down, descent. 

niedergeschlagen, p.p. of niederschlagen. 

Niederlage, /. warehouse; defeat. 

nlederreissen, v.t. carry down, drag dowfa; tear 
down, destroy. 

NIederschlag, m. precipitate, precipitation; 
deposit, sediment. 

niederschlagbar, a. precipitable. 

nlederscUagen, v.t. precipitate; beat down, 
quell, refute, depress. — v.r. precipitate. — 
niederschlagend, p.a. precipitant; sedative; 

Niederschlaggefass, n. precipitating vessel. 

Nlederschlagmlttel, n. precipitant. 

Nlederschlagsarbeit, /. precipitation process; 
specif., (Metal.) iron reduction process (lib- 
eration of metals by means of iron). 

Nlederschlagung, /. precipitation, etc. (e 

niederschmelzen, v.t. melt down. 

niedertrftchtig, a. base, mean. 

Nlederung, /. low ground, flats. 

niedervoltig, a. low-voltage. . 




Biedlidi, a. neat, nice, pretty. 

niedrig, a. low. 

niemalfly ado, never. 

nienumd, pron. nobody, no (me. 

Niere* /. kidn^. 

Nieren-. renal, nephro-* 

Nierenentziindiing, /. nephritia. 

nierenfiSmiig, a. kidneyHshaped, renif arm. 

^nerenllaat, /. renal capsule. 

raerenst^n, m. kidney stone (dther spherulite, 
nephrite, or renal ealculus). 

Niesemlttel, n. stomutatory. 

niesen, v.t. sneeze. 

Nieswnrz, Nieswnrael, /. hellebore. 

Nlet, n., Mete, /. rivet. 

Nietnasel, m. rivet; hangnail. 

Nikotin, n. nicotine. 

Nikotinrifcure, /. nicotinic (or nicotic) add. 

NnUaii, n. Nile blue. 

nimmer, ado, never. 

nimmersatt, a. insatiable. 

nimmt, pr, S aing. of nehmen. 

Niob, n. niobium (colimibium). 

^nobflilllre, /. niobic (columbic) add. 

Niobwasserstoir, m. niobium (columbium) hy- 

nippen, o.i, tap. 

nirgend, nirgends, ado. nowhere. 

-nis. A noun suffix denoting quality, act, place 
or concrete effect; Hiess, -tion, etc.; as, 
Kenntnis, knowledge, Ergebnis, result, Ge- 
f ftngnia, prison. 

nisten, o.i, nest. 

Nitrat, n. nitrate. 

Nitration, n. nitrate ion. , 

iiitrieren, o4, nitrate; nitrify. 

Nitriemng, /. nitration; nitrification. 

NItrit, ft. nitrite. 

Nitrobenzol, n. nitrobenzene. 

Pntrochinon* n. nitroquinone. 

Nitrococossiinre, /. nitrococdc add. 

imtroderlvat, n. nitro derivative. 

Nitrofettkdrper, m. aliphatic nitro compound. 

Nitrofett^Aiire, /. nitro fatty add. 

Nitrograppe, /. nitro group. 

Nitrohalogenbenzfde,, halonitrobenzenes. 

ratrokohlenstofr, m. tetranitromethane. 

ratrokdrper, m. nitro substance, nitro com- 

Nltroknpfer, n. nitrocopper. 

Nitrals&nre, /. nitrolic add. 

ratrofldiwefelfliiiire, /. nitrosulfuric add. 

Nitrose, /., nitrose S&are. (Sulfurie Acid) a 
solution of nitrosylsulfuric add in sulfuric 
add, formed in the lead-chamber process. 

nitrosieren, o.t. treat with nitrous add, intro- 
duce the nitroso group into. 

Nitrofliaiilfofl&iire, /. nitrosisulf onic add. 

Nitrosobenzc^ n. nitrosobenzene. 

Nttrosogmppe, /. nitroso group. 

NHrosokobaltwaaserstoffsiliure, /. eobaltinitrous 

Nitrososolfoflftitre, /. nitrosoBulf onic add. 
NItrostllrke, /. nitrostarch. 
Nltrosnifonaiiiire, /. nitro8utf<mic add (nitro- 
sylsulfuric add). 
ratrosylschwefelsiliire, /. nitrosylsulfuric add. 
NItrotoliiol, n. nitrotoluene. 
Nltroverbindung, /. nitro compound. 
Nltrozylgrappe, /. nitrozyl group (nitro 

NItrozylol, n. nitrozylene. 
Niveaa, n. level. 

NiveaurShre, /. level tube, leveling tube. 
noch, €uio. still, yet, more, else, however. 
Nomenklatur, /. nomenclature. 
Nonius, m. (pi, Nonien) vernier. 
Nonioseinteilimg, /. vernier scale. 
Nonne, /. nun. 

nonocarbozykllsch, a. nonacarbocydic. 
Noppe, /. nap; burl. 
Noppenbdze, /. burl dye. 
Nord, Norden, m. noHh. 
ndrdUch, a. northerly, northern, arctic. 
Nordost, m. northeast; northeaster. 
Norm, /. standard, norm, model. 
normal, a. normal; standard. 
Normalbedingungen, f.pU norsud eonditions. 
Normaldruck, m. normal pressure. 
Nonnal-Eachnngs-Kommission, /. a govem- 

ment bureau corresponding to the Bureau 

of Standards. 
Normalessig, m. standard [vinegar, proof 

Normalflflsslgkeit, /. « NormallOsung. 
Normalltlit, /. normality. 
NormaUttsong, /. normal scdution; standard 

Normalsftnre, /. normal add; standard add. 
Normalstilrke, /. normal strength; standard 

Normalweingeist, m. proof spirit. 
Normaiznstand, m. normal or standard state or 

Niwmensand, m, (jCemerU) standard sand. 
Not, /. need; necessity, want; labor, travail. 
Notauslass, m, emergency outlet. 
Notbehelf, m. makeshift. 
notdiirftig, a. scanty, needy. 
NotfaU, m. emergency, exigency. 
notgar, a. (Leaiher) imdertanned. 
notgedmngen, pM. compulsory. — ado. neoea* 

notieren, v4, note. 
ndtig, a, necessary, needful. 
nfitlgen, o.t. necessitate, force, urge. 
Notiz^ /. notice, note. 
Notizbueh, n. note booAc. 
notleldend, p.a. in distress, needy. 
Notmlttd, n. expedioit, shift. 





Notwelur, /. self-defense. 

notwendig* a. neoeasaiy. 

Notwendlgkdt, /. neeessity. 

Nr.» Nro., abbrev. (Numero) number. 

N-Snbstanz, /. nitrogenous substanee. 

Nii« w, moment^ trice. 

Nuance, /. shltde, tint. 

nnanderen, vA.. shade, shade off; modu- 

Dttchtem,*a. empty, fasting; sober, temperate, 
cool; fiat, insipid. 

Nndelns&ure, /. nucleic add. 

Nndeln, f,pl. noodles; vermicelli; macaroni. 

Nan, /. zero, nought, cipher. 

NnlQage, /. zero position. 

Nullponkt, m. zero point. 

nnllwertig, a. avalent, nonvalent. 

BBmeriseh, a. numerical. 

Nummer, /. number. 

tmmmerlnen, v.L number. 

nan, adv. now; well, why; so. 

minmelir, a. at present, by this time; hence- 
forth; since then. 

nnnmehrig, a. present. 

nor, adv, only, but, scarcely. 

Nass, /. nut; spedf., walnut. 

naasbraun, a. nut-brown. 

NassSi, n. oil; spedf., walnut oiL 

Nlister, /. noirtrils. 

Nat, Nate, /. groove, rabbet. 

Natsche, /. suction filter. 

Natzanwendong, /. practical application. 

Natzarbeit, /. usef id work. 

natzbar, a. useful; available. 

natze, niitze, a. ua^ul, of use. 

Nutzeffekt, m. useful effect, effldency, effect. 

natzen, v.t. use. — v.i. be of use. 

Natzen, m. use, utility, advanti^, profit. 

Natdetetang, /. us^ul work, usefid effect. 

nfltzllch, a. useful, profitable, advantageous, 

Natzwirkong, /. useful effect, effidency. 


o., dbbrev. (oder) or; (oben) above. 

O., abbrev, (Ost) east. 

Oase, /. oasis. 

ob, conj* whether, if; altho.^— prep, on account 

Obaeht, /. heed, attention. 

Obdach, n. shelter. 

oben, ado. above; overhead, on top; before. 

obendrein, adv. over and above. 

obenhih, adv. superficially, slightly. 

Ober-. upper, chief, high, supreme, head, top, 
epi-, super-, supra-. 

Oberbaudi-. epigastric. 

ob^e, a. upper; high, higher, superior, chief. 

Oberflaehe, /. surface; * area. 

Oberflifcehenehiheit,V> unit of area. 

Oberflilchenfarbe, /. surface color. 

Oberffi&chenUlrtang, /. (Metal.) case-hardening. 

Oberflad wimiMiim png, /. surface tension. 

Oberfl&chenwirkmig, /. surface action or effect. 

oberflAchlieh, a. superficial. 

obergftrig, a. top-fermenting. 

Obergamng, /. top fermentation. 

Oberhaat, /. epidermis. 

Oberhefe, /. top yeast. 

Oberrinde, /. outer bark. 

Oberschicht, /. upper layer, upper stratum. 

oberst, a. uppermost, highest. 

Oberst, m. colonel. 

Obertaase, /. cup. 

Oberteig, m. {Brewing) upperdough. 

Obert^, m. upper part, top part. 

obi^eich, conj. altho. 

Obhnt, /. protection, care. 

obig, a. above, foregoing. 

Objekttiscli, m. (MicroB.) stage, stand. 

Objekttri&ger, m. (Micros.) sUde, mount, also 
stage, stand. 

Oblate, /. wafer. 

obliegen, v.i. be incumbent (on), attend (to). 

Obliegenheit, /. obligation, duty. 

Obmann, m. head man (chairman, superinten- 
dent, etc.). 

obschon, conj. altho. 

obsiegen, v.i, be victorious. 

Obst, n. fruit. 

Obfltbranntwein, m. fruit brandy, fruit spirit. 

Obstesslg, m. fruit vinegar. 

Obstmofit, m. fruit juice. 

Obstntns, n. fruit sauce, ^ fruit butter^ jam* 

Obstweiii; m. fruit wine, cider, perry, etc. 

Obstzucker, m. fruit sug^ar (levulose). 

obwalten, v.i. exist; prevail, predominate. 

obwohl, conj. altho. 

ocherig, a. ocherous, ochery. 

Ochs, Ochse, m. ox. 

Ochsenflelsch, n. beef. 

Ochsengaile, /. ox gall. 

Ochsenklauenfett, n. neat's-foot oil. 

Ochsenleder, n. neat's leather. 

Ocker, m. ocher. 

ockerartig, a., like ocher, ocherous. 

ockerig, a. ocherous, ochery. 

Oct-. See Okt-. 

ttde, a. waste, deserted. 

5dem, n. edema. 

Oder, conj. or. 

Odermennig, m. agrimony. 

o. drgl., abbrev. (oder dergleichen) or the like. 

Oel, Oel-. See (3l, 6|-. 

Ofchen, a. little furnace, oven or stove. 

Ofen« m. furnace; oven; kiln; stove. 

Ofenbmch, m. (Zinc) tutty. 

Ofenkachel, /. stove tile. 

Ofensau, /. (Metal.) furnace sow. 

ofentrocken, a. kiln-dried; oven-dried. 

Ofentiir, OfentUre, /. door (esp. the fire door) 
of a furnace, oven, kiln or stove; (Ceram.) 

Ofenziegel, m. fire brick; stove tile. 

offen, a. open; clear, clever, frank. 

ofTenbar, a. manifest, obvious, plain. 

ofTenbaren, v.t. disclose, reveal. 

ofTenkundig, a. well known, notorious; evident. 

dffentlich, a. public; open. 

Offerte, /. offer, proffer. 

ofliziell, offidell, a. official. 

Offlzier, m. officer. 

Ofllzin, /. dispensary, apothecary's shop. 

oflBzinell, a, oflBicinal. 

dffnen, v.t. open. — Sffhend, p.a. (Med.) aperi- 

Offnung, /. opening; aperture, orifice, mouth; 
dissection; evacuation. 

Oflhungsmittel, n. (Med.) aperient. 





irft, adv, often. 

ohne, prtp. without.— ^eotu'. but that. 

ohnedem, olmedies, adv. apart from that, 


ohnehin, adv. beaideB. 

ohngefSUur, ado, approximately.—^, approxi- 

ohnmilchtigy a. weak, faint, uneonadous. 

Olir, n. ear. 

Ohr— aural, auricular. 

Ohr, n. (Tech.) ear, handle, eye, catch; bog 
iron ore. 

Ohrenbttaer, m. talebearer. 

Ohrcnachmali, n. ear wax, cerumen. 

Ohrenateln, m., Ohrenstelnchen, n. otolith. 

Ohrfinger, m. little finger. 

4riirf(Brmlg, a. auriform. 

Ohrapeichddrtiee, /. parotid gland. 

Ohrtrompete. /. Eustachian tube. 

OfarwacluB, n. ear wax, cerumen. 

Ohrwasser, n. endolymph. 

Ohr^he, /. little toe. 

Oker, m. ocher. 

okerig, a. ocherous, ochery. 

ttkonomisch, a. economic, economical; agricul- 

Oktneder, n. octahedron. 

oktaedrisch, a. octahedral. 

Okto-. octa- (preferred), octo-. 

oktocarbocycUsch, a. octacarbocydic 

Oktomiphten, n. octanaphthene. 

•«L (1) in names of alcohols or phenols (f.e., 
when the ending signifies hydroxyl), -oL 
(2) in names of a few hydrocarbons, -ene; 
AS, Benzol, benzene (but the commercial 
product is called benzol or benzole). (3) in 
the case of other compounds, -ole; aB,lyrrol, 

Ol, n. oil. 

Olabsdhelder, m. oil separator; (Bretring) oil 

Olanstrich* m. painting in oO; coat of ofl. 

dlartig, a. » dlig. 

Olbad, n. oil bath; (in tiirk -., . . iy in^;) green 

Olbamn, m. olive tree.- tuih^-A - >. v.vm, ole- 

Olbaumgnmmi, Olbann (...;->.,.: 

Olbeere, /. olive. 

Olbeize, /. oil mordant; >-. t.* . ' lyeing) 


Sibfldend, p.a. oil-for..-. t. . «lbild- 

endes Gas, olefiant gv 

Oldrass, m. oil dregs, o'l 

Oldmek, m. oleography : < ' * 

Oleflii, n. olefin, olefine. 

Olefinalkohol, m. olefin] . ■>!• -^ Icohol. 

Oleflnhalold, n. olefin h ^> 

olefinisch, a. olefinic. 

Olefinketon, n. olefinic h > i./: t 'one. 

OMnsfture, /. oleic add. 

Sien, 94. oil. 

Oleokreooot, n. (Pharm.) creosote oleate. 

Oleum, n. fuming sulfuric add; (in Latin 

Phartn. names) oQ. 
Olfabrik, /. oil factory. 
OUltf be, /. oil color. 
Slgar, a. ch wm ^i ffi 
Olgaa, n. oil gas. 
dgeiiger, n. oil dregs, oil foots, 
dlhaltig, a. containing oil, oleiferous. 
Olhaadel, m. oil trade. 
Olhan, n. oleoresin. 
{Mhefen, f.pL cSl dregs, oil lees. 
SHg, tlidif, a. oily, oleaginous. 
OUgkeit,/. oilinesB. 
Oligoklu, tit. oligodase. 
OHyenSI, n. olive ofl. 
(Mknchen, m. (ril cake. 
(Vlkngd, m. ofl globule, ofl drop. 
Olleder, n, diamois. 
Obneaser, m. deometer, oleometer. 
(Mmfldi, /. ofl emulsion. 
(Mnwiwhanm, m. butternut tree. 
^prttfer, m. <nl tester. 
Clrttcksteiid, m. ofl reddue. 
Olaatz, m. ofl sediment, ofl foots.- 
filsaner, a. of or combined with oleic «dd» 

oleate of. 
Ols&nre, /. olde add. 
Oischlagen, n. ofl presdng. 
Olseife, /. ofl soap, soap made from ofl. 
Olsodaseife, /. Castile soap. 
Olstoff, m. olein. 
Olsttss, n. glycerol, glycerin. 
Oltrester, m.pL ofl marc (reddue left after 

expressing ofl from olives, etc). 
Oltuch, n. ofldoth. 
Olnng, /. ofling. 

Olwage, /. ofl hydrometer, deometer. 
Olzacker, m. iPharm.) dflBosaccharum. 
-on. (as a chemical ending denoting the ketonie 

group) -one. 
Onantli&ther, m. cenanthic (or oianthic) ether. 
Onanths&nre, /. oenanthic (or enanthic) add. 
Onanthylsftare, /. oenanthylie - (or enanthylic) 

Onkel, m. undo. 
Oolith, m. oolite. 
opak, a. opaque. 
opalartig, a. opal-like, opaline, 
opallderen, v.i. opalesoe. — opaliderend, pxu 

Oper, /. opera. 
Operment, n. orpiment. 
Opfer, n. offering, sacrifice, victim* 
Opiansanre, /. opianic add. 
opt.-akt., abbrev. (optisch-aktiv) optically active, 
optisch, a. optic, optical. 
Orangenblttte, /. orange blossom. 




Orangenschale, /. orange peel. 

Orden, m. order. 

ordenUich, a. ordinary; regular; orderly; 
exBCt; steady; downright. 

ordlnJlr, a. ordinary, regular; common, inferior. 

ordnen, v,L order, arrange, regulate, settle. 

Ordnang, /. order; arrangement; class. 

ordnongBiiUlsaig, a.' orderly, methodical.— <id9. 
duly, well. 

ordnongswidrig, a. irregular, disorderly. 

organisch, a. organic. 

organisleren, vM organize. 

Organismns, m. organism. 

Organometidl, n. organometallic compoimd. 

Org^ /. organ. 

orfentiereii, vd, orient. 

Orfentienmg, /. orientation. 

Orkan, m. hurricane. 
■ Omat, m. official costume. 

OrseiUe, /. archil. 

OrseHiniAiire, /. orsellinic add. 

Orsdls&nre, /. orsellic (diorsellinic, lecanoric) 

Ort, m. place; locus; region, locality. 

Orthoameisensiliire, /. orthoformic add. 

Orthoantimonsinre, /. orthoantimonic add. 

Orthoarsensiiiire, /. orthoarsenic add. 

Orthobors&ure, /. orthoboric add. 

Orthochinon, n. orthoquinone, o-quinone. 
. OrthoUesdsiliire, /. orthosilidc add. 

Orthoklas, m. orthodase. 

OrthokoUensilnre, /. orthocarbonic add. 

Orthophoqilioraliiire, /. orthophoephoric add. 

Orthosalpetersftnre, /. orthonitric add. 

orthosalpetrig, a. orthonitrous. 

OrthoAure, /. ortho add. 

Orthosteltiuig, /. ortho podtion. 

OrthoTerbindnng, /. ortho compound. 

Ortiamnerie, /. podtion isomerism. 

ttrtttch, a. load; topical. 

Orts-. local. 

Ortschall, /. place, village. 

Ortsisimierie,/. place isomerism, podtioh isom- 

Ose, /. (Tedi.) ear, lug, eye, hook, loop. 

Osenblatt, n. (Teeli.) tongue, lip, flange. 

Osminmchlorwasserstoffsttare, /. add contain- 

« ing osmium, chlorine and hydrogen (dther 
HaOsCle or HiOsCle). 

Oamhunrtinre, /. osmic add. 

OamiiimyerMndung, /. osmium compound. 

Oamoee, /. osmosis, osmose. 

osmoflieren, v4, osmose, osmosize. 

oonotisch, a. osmotic 

OsC, m. east. 

Ostem, n. Easter. 

Osterreieh, n. Austria. 

dsterr^chisch, a. Austrian. 

OfldndiSn, n. (East) India. 

O0tiiidiBclia d. £«ast Ti^d ifni, 

fistlich, a. eastern, oriental, easterly. 

Ostrich, n. Austria. 

Ostsee, /. Baltic (Sea). 

Otter, /. adder; otter. 

Oxaliither, m. oxaUc ether (ethyl oxalate). 

Oxalessigester, m. oxalaoetic ester. 

Oxalkyl-. hydrozyalkyl-. 

oxalsauer, a. of or combined with oxalic add* 
oxalate of. 

Oxalsfture, /. oxalic add. 

Oxalnrsiliure, /. oxaluric add. 

Oxttthyl-. hydroxyethyK 

Oxhoft, n. hogshead. 

Oxo-. oxy-, OXO-. (A form devised to denote the 
. substitution of O for Hs in organic compounds 
and to distinguish from Oxff denoting OH 
substitution; thus, oxopropane, CHsCOCHs 
or CHsCHsCHO. In English this may be 
translated oxy-, hydroxyl being indicated by 
hydroxy-. If the group is ketonic, as in the 
first case above, the form keto- is more 

Oxy-. oxy-, hydroxy-. (In organic names this 
indicates, in the great majority of cases, the 
hydroxy group and should then be trans- 
lated hydroxy- to conform to the best usi^:e 
in English; e. g., Oxyfipfelsaure, hydroxy- 
malic add. If the group is known to be ke- 
tonic, the translation keto- is preferable.) 

Oxyammoniak, n. oxyammonia (hydroxyl- 

Oxybiazol, n. oxybiazole. 

Oxybiazolln, n. oxybiazoUne. 

Oxycarbonsiliire, /. hydroxycarboiz^c add. 

Oxychinolln, n. hydroxyquinoline. 

Oxychlnon, n. hydroxyquinone. 

Oxyd, n. oxide (specif., a higher or -ie ozide^ 
as contrasted with Oxydul). 

oxydable, a. oxidizable. 

oxydartig, a. of the nature of, or like an oxide. 

Oxydase, /. oxidase. 

Oxydationsartikel, m. iCaiico) oxidation style. 

oxydadonaflUiig, a. capable of oxidatibn. 

Oxydadonsflamme, /. oxidizing flame. 

Oxydationsmittel, n. oxidizing agent. 

Oxydationsstofe, /. stage or degree of oxidation. 

Oxydationsvorgang, m. oxidation process. 

Ozydbeschlag, m. coating of oxide. 

Oxydchlorid, n. oxychloride. 

oxydhaltig, a. containing oxide or oxides, 

Oxydhant, /., Oxydh&iitclieB, n. film of oxide. 

Oxy dhy drat, n. hydrated oxide (hydroxide). 

oxydlerbar, a. oxidizable. 

Oxydierbarkelt, /. oxidizability. 

oxydieren, 9.^ & t. oxidize. 

Ozydiemng, /. oxidation. 

ozydisch, a. oxidic, oxygenic. 

Oxydoxydol, n. an oso-ic oxide such as FesOi. 

OzydflcUchty /. layer of oxide. 




Ozydnl, n. (lower or -ous) oxide, (formerly) 

oxygenieren, v.t. oxygenate, oxygenize. 
Oxygeniemng, /. oxygenation. 
Oxyketon* n. hydroxy ketone. 
Oxyketoncarbon^iire, /. hydroxyketocarbox- 

ylic acid. 
Oxymethyl-. hydroxymethyl-. 
Oxysalz, n. oxysalt. 

OxysHure, /. oxyadd (either oxacid — an acid 
' containing <nygen— or hydroxy add). 
OxyschwefeLAnre, /. oxysulfuric add. 

Oxytolnol, n. hydroxytoluene. 

Osean, m. ocean. 

Oxobenzol, n. ozobenaene. 

Ozokerlt, m. ozocerite. 

OzfMi, n. ozone. 

ozoneraengend, p.a. produdng ozone, ozonifer- 

ozonhaltig, a. containing ozone, ozoniferoua. 
Ozonisator, m. ozonizer. 
ozoniaiereiw vA. ozonize. 
Ozonsaverstoff, m. ozonized oxygen, oxygen in 

the form of ozone. 

Paar, n. pair* couple; few; (AfkA.) couple. 
r, a. even; pair. 

paaren, vd. pair, couple, match, mate. 
p.a. paired, etc., conjugate. 

Pacht, /. lease, tenure. 

Pachter, Pilciiter, m. tenant. 

Pack, m. pack, bale, packet, bundle. 

packen, vU. seize; pack. 

Packhana, n. Paekhof, m., warehouse; custom 

Packpapier, n. wrapping paper. 

Paektncli, n. packing doth. 

Packzeng, n. packing material, i>acking; pack- 
ing tools. 

P Ae., gbbrev, (Petroleumftthor) petroleum ether. 

Paket, n. packet, paroeL 

Palast, m. palace. 

Palladi-. palladic. 

PalladicMorwaDoeroCoflainre, /. chloropalladic 

Palladtninbromtir, n. palladious bromide. 

PaUadinmchlorid, n. palladium chloride, spedf ., 
palladic chloride. 

Palladhwnchl<Mitr, n. palladious chloride. 

PalladfaimrhliHwaaseratoff, m. chloropalladic 

PaUadiiuqJodttr, n. palladious iodide. 

Palladfaimmohr, m. palladium black. 

PaEadtiimozyd, n. palladium oxide, spedf., pal- 
ladic oxide. 

Palladiiimoxydiil, n. palladious oxide. 

PaOadtnmsalz, n. palladium salt. 

PaUadiimuKhwamm, m. palladium sponge. 

PaDadiuiiischwarx, n. palladium black. 

Palladiamwaaaerstoff, m. palladium hydride. 

Pallado-. palUUlious. 

PalladocUiMrwasaenrtoffBiliire, /. chloropalladi- 

PaHadidiydroxyd, n. palladious hydroxide. 

Palm^ /. palm. 

Palmfett, n. palm oiL 

PalmltiniiHwrc, /. palmitic add. 

PalmUlie, /. yucca. 

Pafan^ n. pahn oSL 

PalmstHrke, /. palm starch, sago. 

Palmsncker, m. palm sugar, jaggray. 

Panier, n. banner. 

Pankreas. n., PankreasdrttBe, /. pp^^ereas. 

pankreatisch, a. pancreatic 

Pantoffel, m. slipper. 

Panzer, m. cuirass, armor. 

Panzerblech, n., Panzerplatte, /. armor plate. 

Iconic, /. peony.. 

Papagei, m. parrot. 

Papier, n. paper. 

Papierabgknge, m.pL waste paper. 

Papierbogen, m. sheet of paper. 

Paplerbrel, m. paper pulp. 

Papierfabrik, /. paper factory, paper milL 

Papiofabrikant, m. paper maker. 

Papierfabrlkation, /. paper making. 

Papierfllter, n. paper filter. 

Papierhandel, m. paper trade; stationery. 

PaiHerhandlung, /. stationer's shop. 

Papierkohle, /. paper coal (variety of lignite). 

Papierleim, m. papenr size. 

Papiermasse, /. paper pulp. 

Papierpergament, n. parchment pi4>6r. 

Papierprttftang, /. paper testing. 

PapienKMie, /. sort or quality of paper. 

Papiovtoff, m. paper pulp. 

PapiersCreifen, m. paper strip; paper web. 

Papiertdg, m. papier-m&ch6. 

Papierzeldien, n. watermark. 

Pi^ierzeng, ft. paper pulp, ** stuff." 

PapUMn-. papillary. 

papiniani8ch«r Topf. Papin's digester (auto- 
clave.) , 

Papp, m. paste; pap. 

PapplMuid, m. board binding; volume bound in 

Pappbogen, nu sheet of pasteboard (or card- 

Pappde«dcel, m. pasteboard, paper board. 

Pappe, /. (paper) board, pasteboard; pap; 

Pappel, /. poplar. 

Pappelwt, /. (variety of) poplar. 

pappen, v,t. & t. paste; work in pasteboard. 

Pappendeckei, m. — Pappdeckd. 

Pappenleim, m. pasteboard glue. 

Pappenstiel, m. trifle. 

Papphttlse, /.-pasteboard case. 

Pappmasse, /. papier-mftch6. 

Pappechachtel, /. pasteboard box. 

Papst, m. pope. 





Parabanflilare, /. parabanic add. 

Parabel, /. parabola; parable. 

parabolisch, a. parabolic. 

Paracons&iire, /.^araconie add. 

Paracyan, n. paracyanogen. 

Pwadiesapfel, m. tomato. 

Paradiesfeige, /. banana. 

Faradieskftmer, grains of paradise. 

Paraflbibad» n. paraffin bath. 

Paraffinkerze, /. paraffin candle. 

Paraffinol, n. paraffin oil. 

Paraffinaalbe,/. petrolatum; paraffin ointment. 

Parakamphersanre, /. paracamphoric add. 

Parakaatschiik, m. Para rubber. 

Paralyse, /. paralysis. 

paramagnetiscli, a. paramagnetic. 

Paramilchsanre,/. paralactic add (d-lactic add). 

Paranuss, /. Brazil nut. 

ParasteUnng, /. para position. 

Paraverbindang, /. para compound. 

Paraweinsftnre, /. paratartaric acid (racemic 

Parenthese, /. parentheses; brackets. 
Parfttm, n. perfume. 
Parfttmerie, /. perfumery. 
Pariser, a. Paris. — ^Pariser Blaa, Paris blue; 

Pariser Grlin, Paris green. 
parkesleren, v.t. (MetalS) subject to the Parkes 

Parkesieren, n. Parkes process. 
Partei, /. part; party. 
Parteig&nger, m. partisan. 
parteiis^h, a. partial, prejudiced. 
Parterre, n. ground floor; parterre. 
Partialdruck, m. partial pressure. 
Partie, /. parcel, lot; batch; company; party, 

picnic; game; match. 
partielL a. partial. 
Partik^l, /. particle. 
Partikelchen, n. small particle. 
Passagler, m. passenger. 
paaflen,9.t. fit,, be suited; wait. — passend, 

p.a. fit, suitable, appropriate. 
passieren, vJ. pass; (Dyeing) liquor. — v.i. pass, 

PasEriritftt, /. passivity. 
Pastete, /. pie, pastry. 
pasteuri^eren, vJ. pasteurize. 
Pastinake, /. parsnip. 
pastds, 4. pasty. 
Pate, m. godfather. 
Patentamt, n. patent office. 
Patentsalz, n. ammonium antimony fluoride. 
Patentschrift, /. patent (the document), patent 

Patentschntz, m. protection by patent. 
Patenttr&ger, m. patentee. 
Patrone,/. cartridge; pattern; stendl; mandrel. 
Patronenhillse, /., Patronenzylinder, m. car- 

Patsdie, /. fix, mess; slush, mud. 

patschen, v.t. splash; dap, slap. • 

pattinsonJeren, vd. pattinsonize. 

patzig, a. saucy. 

Paoke, /. (kettle) drum; (Anai.) tympanum; 

Faukenfell, n. (kettle) drumskin; (Aruxt,) mem- 

brana tympani. 
panschen, vU, swell; (Metal.) refine. 
Fanscht, m. & n. (Paper) poet. 
pausen, v.L trace, calk. 
Pavian, m. baboon, 
-pctig, abbrev. (prooentig) per cent. 
Pech, n. pitch. 

Pechart, /. kind or variety of pitch, 
pechartig, a. pitchy, bituminous. 
PechUende, /. pitchblende. 
Pechdraht, m. pitched thread, shoemak»''B 

Pecheisenerz, n. pitchy iron ore (applied to 

pittidte, triplite, and a compact variety of 

Pecherde, /. bituminous earth. 
Pecherz, n. = Pechblende; « Peehdsraierz. 
pechfinster, a. pitch-dark. 
Pechgeschmack n. pitchy taste. 
Pechi^anz, m. pitchy luster. 
Pechgranat, m. colophonite (a variety of andra- 

dite of pitchy appearance). 
pechig, a. pitchy. 
PechUefer, /. pitch pine. 
Pechkohle, /. pitch coal. 
Pechdl, n. ta* oil, oil of tar. 
pechschwarz, a. pitch-black. 
Pechstein, m. pitchstone. 
Pechoran, n. pitchblende. 
Pedell, m. beadle, janitor. 
Pegel, m. water gage. 
Pein, /. pain, trouble, torture. 
peinigen, v.t. torment, trouble. 
peinlich, a. painful; precise, painstaking; penal. 
Peitsche, /. whip. 
peittehen, v.t. whip, beat, lash, 
peitschenformig, a. whipnshaped, flagdliform. 
PektinsAure, /. pectdc add. 
Pektinstoir, m. pectin substance, pectin. 
Pektinzncker, m. arabinose. 
Pelargons&nre, /. pelargonic add. 
Peile, /. peel, skin, husk. 
Pelz, m. pelt; fur. 
pelzlg, a, furry; cottony. 
Pendel, n. pendulum. 
penetrieren, v.U penetrate. 
Pension, /. pension; board; boarding house; 

boarding school. 
pentacarbocydlsch, a. pentacarboesrdie. 
Pentadecansftnre, /. pentadecoic add. 
Pentathions&nre, /. pentathionic add. 
Pentinsaure, /. pentinic add. 
Pentosurie, /. pentosuria. 





P«pfli]idrttae, /. peptic i^and. ' 
pepsinlmltlg, a. eontainins pepsin. 
pepOaehf a. peptic. 
peptonifliereii, v.t. peptonixe. 
Peradditllt, /. superaddity. 
Perboraiiiire, /. perboric add. 
Perbromfli&iire, /. perbromic add. 
Perchlorailnre, /. percfalorie add. 
Perchromsilare, /. perchromic add. 
peremderend, p.a. perenniaL 
perforiwen* vJ, perforate. 
Pergament, n. parchment. 
pergamentteren, vA, parclimentiie. 
Per||uneiitpB|^er, n. parchment paper, 
perhydrleren, v4. perhydrogenixe. 
Perlkias, m. peridaae, peridadte. 
periodlsch, a. periodic, periodieaL 
Periodizitilt, /. peiiodidty. 
Peijodat, n. periodate. 
Peijoddliire, /. periodic add. 
Perkohlendlure, /. percarbonie add. 
PerkoMionazflndlittteheiiy n. percuanon cap. 
perlartig, a. pearly, nacreous; beadlike. 
Periasche, /. pearlash. 
Perie, /. pearl; bead. 
perlen, vA, form bubbles, sparlde; form drops; 

glisten like pearls. 
|Mrienartig, a. » perlartig. 
Perleni^anz, Perlj^aaz, m. pearly (or nacreous) 

PerigUinmer. m. (Mtn.) margarite. 
Perigranpen,, pearl barley. 
perilg, a. pearly. 

Perlmoos, n. pearl moss, carrageen. 
Perlmutter, /. mother-of-pearL 
perlmntterartlg, a. like mother^f-pearl, peila- 

Perimntterblecli, n. crystallized tinplate, moir6 

Perhnntteri^anz, m. mother-of-pearl luster, na- 
creous luster. 
perlntnttergUUizend, p.a. having a mothOT-of- 

pearl luster, pearly. 
Perlmntterpapier, n. nacreous paper. 
Perlrohr, n., -rdhre, /. bead tube (tube filled 

with fi^ass beads). 
Perisalz, n. microcosmic salt. 
Perlsamen, m/seed pearl. 
Peitepat, m, pearl spar (pearly dolomite). 
Perlstein, m. perlite; adularia. 
Periweiss, n. pearl white. 
Permaqentwdas, n. permanent white. 
permeabd, a. permeable. 
permntiereii, vM iMath,) permute. 
Pemambukholz, n. Brazil wood. 
Perowsldt, n. perovskite. 
Perpendikd, fi. perpoidicular; pendulum. 
Perrottne, /. perrotine (a multicolor printing 

Peraftnre,/. peraeid. 

Perschwefdsiliire, /. persulfuric add. 

persiBch, a. Persian. 

pwsttnUch, a. personal. 

Persnlfocyansttiire, /. perthio<$ranic add, per- 

salfocyanic add. 
Persulfomolybdjinfliliire, /. persulfogiolybdic 

add, thiopermolybdic add.' 
peroanisch, a. Peru, Peruvian. 
Pemrinde, /. Peruvian bark. 
Peetilenzlattat, n. » Creissraute. 
Peiersilie, /. parsley. 

Petri 'sehes SchSlchen, Petri-Schale,/. Petri dish. 
Petrol&ther, Petr«rieamftther, m. petroleum 

Petrdenmbeiizbi, n. petroleum benzine. 
Petrfrieumpriifer, m. petroleum tester. 
Petrolsftore, /. petrolic add. . 
Petschaft, n. seal, signet. 
Petsehe, /. drying room; drying frame. 
Pf., iibbrev. (Pfund) pound. 
Pfad, m. path. 
Pfaff, m. rivet stamp; nut driver; (Brewing) 

Pfaffe, m. priest. 
PCslTenhtttchen, n. wahoo iEvonymus airopur' 

Pfahl, m. stake, pile, stick, pole, post. 
pfUilen, vA. pale; prop; empale. 
Pfahlwnrzel, /. taproot. 
Pfalz, /. Palatinate. 
Pfiuid, n. pledge, security, f orfdt. 
pf%nden, v.L seize, take as a pledge. 
Pfandgat, n. mortgage. 
Pfandlelher, m. pawnbroker. 
Pfftnnchen, n. little pan. 
Pfanne,/. pan; copper, boiler; pantile; (Maeh.) 

bearing, bush; (Anai.) socket, acetabulum. 
Pfannenstein, m. pan scale; boiler scale. 
Pfannenwerk, n. salt works. 
Pfannenziegel, m. pantile. 
Pf&nner, m. salt manufacturer. 
Pfarrer, m. parson. 
Pfan, m. peacock. 
PfelTer, m. pepper. 
Pfefferkraut, n. savory (Saiureia hortenna); 

peppergrass {Lepidium); stonecrop iSedum). 
Pfefferknchen, m. gingerbread. 
Pfefferminze, /. peppermint. 
Pfefferminzdl, n. peppermint oil. 
Pfeffermiinze, /. — Pfefferminze. 
Pfefferstein, m. peperine. 
Pfeife, /. pipe; whistle; fife. 
pfelfeni vA. & t. pipe, whistle. 
Pfeifenerde, /. pipe clay. 
Pfeifenrohr, n. pipestem. 
Pfeifenton, m. pipe day. 
PfeO, m. arrow; dart. 
Pfeiler, m. pillar. 

pfeilfdrmig, a. arrow-shaped, sagittate. 
PfeHgifl, n. arrow poison. 




Pfeflwiin, Pfeflwiirael, /. arrofwroot. . 

Pfella«lclMBii, n. arrow. 

Pfennig, m. pei^y, pfennig (i^ mark, about 
}i cent or HTSngHuh penny). 

Pfnd, n. horse. 

Pferdehamaltore, /. hippurie add. 

PferdekrafU /. horsepower. 

Pferdemilch, /. mare's milk. 

Pferdeminae, /. honmnint. 

Pferdeslirke, /. horsepower. 

-jpferdig. (so many) horsepower. 

PQl., <Mire9. pfennig, pfennigs. 

pflff, preL of pfeifen. 

Pfiff, m. whistle; triek, knadc 

plllllg, a. sly, crafty. 

Pflngsten, n. Whitsuntide. 

Pflngstrose, /. peony. 

Pflirich, m., Pflirsclie, /. peach. 

Pllralehblttttt, /. peach blossom. 

PllraichbraBntwciii, m. p o ac h brandy. 

Pllraiclie, /. peach. 

Pfllralehfaolx, m. peaehwood. 

Pflraiehkem, m. p oa ch kem^ 

pllag, pnL of pflegou 

Pflaaae, /. plant. 

Pflanaen-. plant, vegetable. 

p fl^i>-^T i,. 9jL plant. 

Manaenalkali* n. vegetable alkali (old name 
for potash, also for plant alkaloids). 

Plhmaenalkakiid» tu plant alkaloid, vegetable 

pflaaaeBaiti^ a. plantlike; vegetable. 

PflanaadMae, /. vegetable base, (plant) alka- 

Pflanaf ah Mwhrf lb— g, /. description of plants, 

,/. plant diemistry, phytodiem- 

n. vegetable albumin (or al> 
bumen); vq^etable protein. 

/. vegetable mold, humus. 
, /. vegetable eolor. 
r, /. vegetable fiber, plant fiber. 

SI., PttanamfllMfaw n< vege- 
table fibrin (j^utm; cdhdose). 
«. vegetable fat. 

pui. bevblvoroas. 
«. dilorophyl. 


f. botany. 


w. wtgi t ibie ^hse, tfiadin; tauten, 
m. v«c<Btable oiL 

■u v«c<Btable juioew plant juiee. 

Pflanaenatoff, m. vegetable matter. 

Pflanxentalg, m. vegetable tallow. 

PflanxoBwachstam, m.&n. plant growth, ves^ 

PHanaenzelle, /. plant cell, vegetable cdL 

Pflanaenaellenstoff, m. cellulose. 

pflanrilch, a. plant, vegetable. 

Pflaater, n. plaster; jMivement, paving. 

pflastem, vM plaster; pave. 

Pflaaterstein, m. paving stone. 

Pflasto-zleg^ m. paving brick, paving tfle. 

pflatschen, vJ. (jCcdieo) pad. 

Pfiatschfarbe, /. iCalieo) padding liquor. 

Pflaume, /. idum; prune. 

Pflege, /. care; nursing, rearing, education, 

PHegeklnd, n. foster child. 

pflegen,«.t. be accustomed, be wont; indulge. 

' vj. attend to, care for, tend, cultivate, nurse. 

Pfficht, /. duty; oU^tion. 

Pmchtbrach, m. perjury. 

pffichtsdndcHg, o. in duty bound; oUigatory. 

Pflock, m. peg, pin, plug. 

pflog, preL of pflegen. 

pflficfcen, 9 J. pluck, pick, gather. 

Pflng, m. plow. 

pflfigen, vjL plow. 

Pflagschar, /. plowshare; (AnaL) vomer. 

Pfertader, /. portal vein. 

Pferte, /. i^ite, door, entrance. 

PCBrtner, nu porter, dooriceeper; {AnaL) py- 

Pfeaten, si., Pfoate,/. p«t. 

Pfote, /. paw. 

PfHem, PfHeoMB, m., PfHeme, /. pimeh, awl. 

PftiemeBkraat, a. *> Besenginster. 

Pfrofff, Propfen. m. stopper, plug, wad, cork; 
graft: (.M^) thrombus. 

p ft ep ft iB, 9J. stopper, coric; cram; graft. 

PfUd, ai. pool, slouch 
PfihU SI. & n. pillow, 
pAd, inierj. fie! shame! 
PAuid, «. pound. 
Pfyuidleder, n. sole leatlier. 

t.t. bungle; 
PflCae, /. puddle, wallow. 

/. imaginatlop, fancy. 

(Ffcona.) yellow mer- 

be didirious. 




Phaaenlehrey /. doctrine of phases. 

Phasenr^el, /. phase rule. 

Phaiwinwihl, /. number of phases. 

Phasotropie, /. phasotropism, phasotropy. 

Phenol-, phenol, phenol-, phenolic; (in com- 
bination with tlie name of a metal) pheno- 
late (or phenozide) of, as Phenolalaminlnm, 
aluminium phenolate, aluminium phenoxide. 

Phenolearbons&nre, /. phenolcarboxylic acid. 

Phenolkaliiim, n. jKitassium phenolate (or phen- 

PhaMiIkalziiim, n. calcium phenolate (or phen- 

Phenoliiatriiim, n. sodium phenolate (or phen- 

Phenolqaeckfidlber, n. mercury phenolate (or 

Phenolaiiare, /. phenol add. 

Phenolachwefelflftnre, /. phenolsulfuric acid 
(general term, ROSOsH, where R is an aro- 
matie radical), specif., phenylsulfuric add. 

Phen<48alfo8ftare, /. phenolsulfonic add. 

Phendwiamnt, m. & n. bismuth phenolate (or 

Phenylarsenddorfir, n. phenylarsenious chlor- 

PhenyllNirehlorld, n. phenylboron chloride. 

PhenylenUan, n. phenylene blue. 

Phenyieseicsllitre, /. phenylaoetic add. 

Phenylfettsilare, /. phenylated fatty add. 

phenyHeren, v.L phenylate. 

PhenyModidchlorid, n. phenyl iodochloride. 

Phenyfanilchsftare, /. phenyllactic add. 

Phenylsliiire, /. phenylic add (phenol). 

Phenylachwefelsftiire, /, phenylsulfuric add. 

PhenylsenfiH, n. phenyf mustard oil.^- . 

nienytflUldnmciilorid, n. phenylsilicon chloride. 

Phenylwasserstoff, m. phenyl hydride, benzene. 

Ph4(.«a5br09. (PharmakopOegermanica) German 

VhBoBOvht m. philosopher. 

PhUoaophenwoUe, /. philosopher's wool (sub- 
limed 2dnc oxide). 

phflosopUsch, a, philosophical. 

Phlegma, n. phlegm. 

plilogiatiseh, a. phlogistic. 

PU<wciifaiyl, n. phloroquinsd. 

PhSiUdii, n. phenidn. 

Phosgen, n. phosgene, carbonyl chloride. 

Pbosphat, n. phosphate. 

ph<M9liati8ch, a. phoephatic. 

phosphenjlig, a. phosphenylous. 

Plm^henylsliure, /. phosphenylic add. 

PhoqpWnigwitnre, /. phosphinous add. 

PhospUiudliire, /. phosphinie add. 

Phoq^hor, m. phosphorus. 

Phfmvhor-. phosphorus, phospho-, phosphide 

phosphorartig, a. like phosphorus, phos- 

PhosphoriUher, m. phosphoric ether <e8ter of 
phosphoric add, specif. , ethyl phosphate). 

Phoqihorbaais, /. phosphorus byae. 

PhogphorbcatJinnning, /. determination of phos- 

PhosphorUel, n. lead phoe^hide; (Jftn.) pyro- 

Phosphorlnromld, n. phosphorus bromide, 
spedf., phosphorus pentabromide. 

Phosphorbromfir, n. phosphorus tribromide. 

Phosphorcaldnm, n. caldum phosphide. 

Phosphorchlorid, n. phosphorus chloride, 
spedf., phosphoric chloride (phosphorus 

Phosphorclilorttr,n. phosphorous chloride (phos- 
phorus trichloride). 

Phosphoreisen, n. iron phosphide. 

phosphoreszleren, v.i. phosphoresce. — phos- 
phoreszlerend, p.a. phosphorescent. 

Phosphorfldsch^are, /. phosphocamic add. 

Phoephorgehalt, m. phosphorus content. 

Phosphm'gnippe, /. phosphorus group. 

phosphoriiaitig, a. containing phosphorus, phos- 
phatic, phosphorated. 

phosphorig, a. phosphorous. 

phosphorigsaner, a. of or combined with phos- 
phorous add, phosphite of. 

Phoephorigs&ureanhydrid, n. phosphorous an- 
hydride (phosphorus trioxide). 

phosphorlsch, a, phosphoric. 

phosphorisieren, v.t. phosphorize, phosphorate. 

Phosphoijodid, n. phosphorus iodide, spedf., 
phosphorus triiodide. 

Phosphoijodilr, n. phosphorus diiodide (PsI*). 

Phoaphorkalrinm, n. caldum phosphide. 

Phosphorkupfer, n. copper phosphide; (Min.) 

Phosphorkupfererz, n. libethenite. 

Phosphorittffel, m. phosphorus spoon (deflagrate 
ing spoon). 

Phoephormetall, n. (metallic) phosphide. 

Phoephormolybd&naiiare, /. phosphomolybdic 

Phosphomatriiim, n. sodium phosphide. 

Phosphortti, n. (Pharm.) phosphorated oil. 

Phoapiioroxyd, n. (any) phosphorus oxide. 

Phosphorproteid, n. phosphoprotein. 

Phosphoraalz, n. microoosmic salt (HNaNHi- 

phosphoraauer, a. of or combined with phos- 
phoric add, phosphate of. 

Phosphorsttnre, /. phosphoric add. 

Phoephorsi&iireaiihydrid, n. phosphoric anhy- 
dride (phosphorus pentoxide). 

Phosphorstahl, m. phosphorus sted. 

Phosphonnlfid, n. (any) phosphorus sulfide. 

PhosphoryerUndungt /. phosphorus ' com- 

Phoaplionreri^ftiii^, /. phosphorus poison- 




■» fit* hydrogen phosphide* 
phosphorus hydride (gMfBrmlger, PHi; 
fUissiger, P1H4; fester* PaHs). 

Phosphorwasserstofffss, n. phosphoretted hy- 
drogen gas (phosphine, PHa). 

Phosphorweinsliiire,/. phosphovinieaeid (Oba,). 

Phosphorwolfrainsiliire, /. phoe^hotungstic 

Phosphordnk, li. sine phosphide. 

Phosphorzllndhftlzchen, n; phosphorus mateh. 

iPhotochemle, /. photochemistay. 

phetodieinlsch, a. photochemical. 

photodektriscli, a. photo-electrie. 

Phoftogramm, n. photograph. 

Photograph, m. photographer. 

Photographie, /. photography; photograph. 

photograpUeren, vA. photograph. 

photograpUsdi, a. photographic 

photometrlsch, a. photometric . 

Plistosphiire, /. photosphere. 

Phototropie, /. phototropism, phototiopy. 

Phtal-. phthal-, phtJialo-, phthalic 

Witalaminsiure, /. phthalamic add. 

PhftalaziB, n. phthalazine. 

Phtalein, n. phthalein. 

Phtalid, n. phthslide. 

Phtalmonopersliare* /. monoperphthalie add. 

Phtalonstture, /. phthalonie add. 

Phtalsftnre, /. phthalic add. 

Phyrik, /. physics; {Dyeing) tin composition 
(solution of tin in aqua regis). 

physik&Iisch, a. physical. 

Physlkbad, n. (Dyeing) tin eomporition. 

Physiker* m. physicist. 

Physiksalx, n. {Dyeing) red spirit. 

Physiolog, m. phydologist. 

physisch, a. physical. 

Phytochemie, /. phytodiemistry. 

phytodiemisch, a. phytochemieal. 

Pianino, n. upright piano. 

Pfchapparat, m. {Brewing) pitching machine. 

pichen, v4. pitch. 

Picke, /. pickax, pick. 

Picket, m. pimple. 

picken, v.i. peck, pick. 

PlciriinsXiire, /. picolinic add. 

plepen, piepsen, v.i. peep, cheep; whine. 

Piet&t, /. piety, reverence. 

Piezoelektrhdt&t, /. piezoelectridty. 

pigmentfirei, a. free from pigment, non-pig- 

pigmenthaMg, a. containing pigment, pig- 

pigmentieren, vjL pigment.— «.{. become pig- 

Pik, m. peak; pique; (at cards) spades. 

pikant, a. piquant, pungent. 

Piknometer, n. pycnometer. 

Pikraminsknre, /. picramic add. 

Plkrlnslliire, /. picric add. 

Pikro*. plcro^ 

Pikryi, n. picryL 

Pflee, /., POeesuclBer, m. emshed sugar. 

Pilger, m. pilgrim. ^ 

PiUe,/. pilL 

Pits, m. fungus; mushroom. 

pllitlihnHrh, o. like a mushroom or fungus^ fun- 

iMlzTfinnig, a. fungiform. 

^Idg, a. fungous, fungoid. 

Pflzkonde, /. mycdogy. 

Pflzsamen, m. spawn (of fungi), mycelium. 

pilztStend, p.a, fungiddal. 

PimarsKore, /. pimaric add. 

Pimeilnsiliire, /. pimdic add. 

Piment, n. pimento, allspice. 

PimenUfi, n. pimento oil, allspice oil. 

Pimpemnss, /. bladder nut. 

Pimpineile, /. bumet saxifrage {PimpineUa 

Pinakon, n. pinacol, Gess correetty) pinacone. 

Pinakonbildnng, /. pinacol formation. 

Pincette, /. = Plnzette. 

Pinie, /. pine (eep. Pinus pinea). 

Pinit, n. pinitol, (less correctly) pinite. 

pinken, v4, treat with pink salt. 

Pinksals, n. pink salt (ammonium stannic chlo- 
ride; less commonly, potasadum sodium tar- 

Pinne, /. {Tech,) pin, peg, (of a hammer) peen; 
quiU feather. 

Pins&ure, /. pinic add. 

Pinsel, m. (painter's) brush, pencil. 

pinseln, v4, pencil, paint. 

Pinseischlmmei, m. any spedes of PenieiUium. 

Pinnaiiarz, n. pine resin. 

Plnzette, /. forceps, tweezers, nippers. 

PiperinsHure, /. piperic add. 

Pipettengesteil, n. pipette stand. 

pipettieren, vA. transfer or measure with a 
pipette, pipette. 

Pistazie,/. pistachio (nut). 

Pistill, n. pestle; {Bot.) pistiL 

piacken, v.t. flatten; ram; pester. 

Plackerd, /. drudgery. 

Plase, /. trouble, bother, plague, drudgery. 

plagen, 9.^ plague, trouble, bother, worry. 

Piagioklas, m. plagiodase. 

Plakat, n. placard, poster. . ' 

nakatfarbe, /. lithographic color. 

Plan, m. plane, plain; plan; {Painting) ground. 

planieren, v.L plane, planish, smooUi, level; 
size (paper). 

Pianiennasse, /. {Paper) size. 

nanierwasser, n. s^ue water, size. 

plankonkav, a. plano-concave. 

plankonvez, a. plano-convex. 

planschen, v.t. splash. 

Pianspieg^, m. plane mirror. 

piansymmetrlsdi, o. planisymmetric(al). 




Plantage, /. plantation. 

plappern, v.i, babble, prattle. 

Plasmolyse, /. placonolysis. 

plaamolytisch, a. plasmolytic 

plastisch* a. plastic. 

Plastiadtiit, /. plasticity. 

natane, /. plane, plane tree. 

Platin, n. platinum. 

Platinasbest, m. platinized asbestos. 

Platinblase^ /. platinum still. 

Platinbledi, n. platinum foil, y 

Platinchlbrid/ n, platinum chloride, specif., 

platimc chloride. 
PlatfaKhloriir, n. platinous chloride. 
Platuichlorwasserstofr, m., -stoffsiiure, /. chlo- 

roplatinic acid. 
Platincyaniir, n. platinous cyanide; cyanopla- 

tinite, platinocyanide. 
Platinc]raniirwas8erstoir,m., -stoffsanre,/. cyan- 

oplatinous acid, platinocyanic acid. 
Platindraht, m. platinum wire. 
Matinerz, n. platinum ore. 
PlatinfoUe, /. platinum foil. 
platinhaltig, a. containing platinum, platinifer- 

Platini-. platinic, platini-^ 
Platlnichlorid, n. platinic chloride. 
Platinichlorwasserstoff, m., -atoffsaore, /. chlo- 

roplatinic acid. 
platinieren, v.t. platinize. 
Platinisalz, n. platinic salt. 
Pladniverbindung, /. platinic compound. 
Platinl5ffel, m. platinum spoon. 
Platinmetall, n. platinum metal, metal of the 

platinum group. 
Platinmohr, m. platinum black. 
Platino-. platinous, platino-. 
Platinochlorid, n. platinous chloride. 
Platinochlorwasserstoflr, m., -stoffs&iire, /. 

chloroplatinous acid. 
Platinocyanwasserstoff, m., -stoffsfture, f^fiyan- 

oplatinous acid, platinocyanic acid. 
Platinoverbindung, /. platinoiis compotmd. 
Platinozyd, n. platinum oxide, specif., platinic 

Platinoxydul, n. platinous oxide. 
PlatinoxydolTerbindang, /. platinous com- 
Platinoxydverbindiuig, /. platinic compound. 
Platinozyan-. See Platinocyan-. 
natinsalmiak, m. anmionium chloroplatinate. 
natinsiiare, /. platinic add. 
Flatinscfaale, /. platinum dish. 
nattnschlirdien, n. platinum boat. 
Pladnschwamm, m. platinimi sponge. 
Platinschwarz, n. platinum black. 
Platinspatel, m. platinum spatula. 
Platinspitze, /. platinum point. 
Platintlegel, m. platinum crucible. 
PlatinTO'bindimg, /. platinum compound. 

Flatbizyan-. See Platincyan-. 

platt, a. flat; plain; level; low. 

Pl&ttchen, n. platelet, lamella. 

Platte, /. plate; sheet, slab; lamina; planchet; 

leaf (of a table); flagstone; bald head. 
Pl&tte, /. flatiron. 
pl&tten, v,L flatten; iron; flag. 
plattenfdrmig, a. platelike, lamdlar, lamdli- 

nattenkautschuk, n. sheet rubber. ^ 

Plattenkultur, /. plate culture. 
Plattenkupfer, n. sheet copper. 
Plattenturm, m. plate column, plate tower. 
plattieren, v.t. plate. 
Plattierung, /. plating, plate. 
Plattine,/. (Tech.) plate; {Metal) mill bar. 
Platz, m. place; room, spot, seat, square, etc. 
Pl&tzchen, n. little cake, lozenge, troche, tablet, 
platzen, v.i. burst; crack. 
plandem, r.t. chatter, gossip. 
Pleocliroisnius, m. pleochroism. 
neuelstange, /. connecting rod. 
Plinse, Plinze, /. pancake, omdet. 
Plombe, /. tilling, plug (for teeth>. 
plStzUch, a. sudden. 
Plumbi-. plumbic, plumbi-. 
Plnmbisalz, n. plumbic salt. 
Plumbo-. plumbous, plumbo-. 
Plumbosalz, n. plimibous salt. 
plump, a. bulky, clumsy, gross. 
Plunder, m. rubbish, trumpery. 
idttiidem, v.t. plunder, pillage. 
Plunscher, m. plimger. 
pnenmatisch, a. pneumatic. 
Pttbd, m. rabble, mob. 
pochen, v.i. beat, knock, stamp; brag; trust. — 

V.L stamp (ore). 
Pochmehi, n. pulverized ore. 
Pochmiihle, /. stamp mill. 
Pochstempelreihe, /. stamp battery. 
Pochwerk, n. stamp mill. 
Pocke, /. pock; (pi.) smallpox. 
Pockenlymphe, f. vaccine lymph. 
Pockhdz, Pockenholz, n. lignum-vitae, guaia- 

cum wood, pockwood. 
Poesie, /. poetry; poem. 
Pokal, m. goblet, cup. 
Pfikel, m. piclde (the liquid). 
Pdkelftiss, n. pickling tub or vat. 
Pdkeifleisch, n. pickled meat, salt meat. 
pdkeln, v.t. pickle. 
Pol, m. pole. 

Poiarisationsebene, /. plane of polarization. 
Polarisa^onsprisma, n. polarizer. 
Polarisationsstrom, m. polarization current. 
polarisierbar, a. polarizable. 
p<rfarisieren, vU. polarize. 
Polarisierung, /. polarization. 
Polaritlit, /. polarity. 
Poleck, n., Polecke, /. (Crysi,) summit. 


TtUm, %, (Meua.) pobag; Pdlaad. 
FcBm,/. (iiMnraieK) p<rfie]r. 

f alv poHihf ImituIiIi. 
r* w* poHitiing 
rMMfpHTCfy My pooMiii^ ptywatr. 
F«ll«rr«(y ». poiUiiiig red, e o l<wHw i r, 

rMNSr* /« pOuMlJ ponHUII^ 

JP«lfa«i, /. poliee; p<rfjce sUitioii. 

P«llMi4H«acr« m. poUeenuui. 

Potator* n. bolster, eiuhkm. 

P«flcrgei«l, m. hobgoblin; wiigy fdlow. 

fdteni, r.<« raiae a racket; aeoUL 

Patweclwri, m. ehange or revanal of polaa. 

Polychronaiare, /. polydironik add, 

Palyedor, n. p<4/hedron. 

palf goniach, a. polygonal. 

palyhodffacli, a. polyhedral. 

polylieteroatoinlgf a. polyheteratomie. 

Polrhyperjodaty n. polyperio4ate. 

P4rff MoflHaftore, /. polyaiUdc add. 

pdymor, a. polsrm«rlc. 

Polrmerle* /. polymerlam. 

poiymarlaleren« v4» & i, polymerize. 

Poif molybdanaHare, /. polsrmolybdie add. 

polymorph, a, polymorphous, polymmphic. 

PolymorpMe, /. polymorphiam, polymorphy. 

PolythlonflMare, /. polythionie add. 

Pomeranie, /. orange, eap. bitter orange. 

PomeranxenMtttentfl, n. orange-flower oil, neroii. 

pomeranaengelb, a. orange*yellow, orange. 

Pomeranaenllqnenr, m. cun^BO. 

PomeranaenachalenttI, n. orange-peel oQ, orange 

Pompejaniach, a. Pompeian. 

Pompelmuae, /. ahaddock, grape fruit. 

Popanz, m. bugbear. 

Porcellan, n. » Porzellan. 

porda, a. porous. 

Poroaltit, /. poroaity. 

Porphyr, m. porphyry. 

porphyrartlg, a. porphyritic. 

Porphyrfelaen, tn., Porphyrgeatein, n. porphy- 
ritic rock. 

Porach, Porat, m. marsh tea {Ledum 

Portler, m. porter, doorkeeper. 

Portlandkalk, m, Portland (lime)stone. 

Porto, n. postage. 

portofk>el, a. post-free, postpaid. 

Portugalttl, Portugallottl, n. Portugal (or portu- 
gallo) oil, orange-peel oil. 

Portugalwaaaer, n. laurel water. 

PofMllaa, n. porcelain, china. 

PoTMllMkbrel, m. porcelain slip. 

M. iPhonu) catepla 



/. tromiMMie. 
/. qoill; poae. 
/. antic, fan, borleaqne. 
m. prank, trick. 

pooajgriifh, a. fmmy, drolL 
/. post, naafl; news. 

fi. stand, base, pedestaL 

Poalamt, n., Posteaatah, /. post-office. 

Posten, m. post, place; item; sum; lot, parcel: 
{Metal.) batch. 

poaCfrei, a. poet-free, poetpaid. 

Poatkaite, /. postcard, postal card; post map. 

postlagemd, pM. general ddivery. 

PostTerein, m. postal union. 

Poatzeichen, n. postmark. 

Potaache, /. = Pottaache. 

Potentialspmng, m. {Elee,) difference of po- 

potentieil, a. potential. 

potentUeren, vJ. rendra- potent, potentize. 

Potenz, /. power. 

potenzieren, r.l. {Math.) raise to a higher power. 

PoCenzrdhe, /. {Math.) exponential aeriea. 

Pottaache, /. potash (potasslom carbonate). 

pottecht, a. {Dyeing) fast to potting. 

Pottflach, m. sperm whale. 

Pottfischdl, n. sperm oil. 

poussleren, v.t. push, promote; court. 

Pozzolanerde, /. pozzuolana. 

Pracht, /. pomp, splendor, magnificence, dis- 

Prachtausgabe, /. edition de luxe. 

pr&chtig, prachtvoll, a. splendid, magnificent, 

PrUci-. See Pr&zi-. 

prftdlsponieren, vd. predispose. 

Prttexistenz, /. preSxistence. 

Prltgeanstalt, /. mint. 

prftgen, v.t. stamp, coin, imprint. 

Prftgung, /. coining, stamping; coinage. 

prahlen, v.t. boast; (of colors) be loud. 

Praktikant, m. laboratory worker, laboratory 
student; practitioner. 

Praktiker, m. practician, experienced 

praktiach, a. practical. 

praktizleren, o.l. practjae. 




praU, a. stout; tight. 

■vaUen, o.i. bounce, bound; be r^ected. 

Prallkniftv /. resiliency. 

PraUwinkdl, m. angle of reflection. 

Prftmie, /. premium, prize. 

prangen, v.i. make a show, be resplendent, shine. 

Pranke, /. clutch. 

Pr&parat, n. preparation. 

Pr&paraten^as, n. preparation glass. 

Prftparatenrdhrchen, n. preparation tube, speci- 
men tube. 

Pr&parier-. preparing. 

praparieren, v.t. prepare; (Med.) dissect. — 
prftpariertes Papier, (Photog.) sensitized 

Pr&pariersalz, n. preparing salt (sodium stan- 

Prasenstein, Prasem, m. prase (green variety of 

pr&sentieren, v.t. present. 

Praseodym, n. praseodymium. 

Praseokobaltsaiz, n. praseocobaltic salt. 

pr&seryieren, v.t. preserve. 

PrSservierung, /. preservation, preserving. 

Pr&serviemngsmlttel, n. preservative. 

prasseln, v.t. craclde, rustle. 

prassen, v.i. revel, carouse. 

Praxis, /. practice. 

Prftzlpitat, n. & m. precipitate. 

Pr&zlpltation, /. precipitation. 

Prilzipltatlonswarme, /. heat of precipitation. 

prazipitieren, v.t. precipitate. 

Prazipitlergef&ss, n. precipitating vessel. 

Prazlpitlermlttel, n. precipitant. 

pr&zis, a. precise. 

prazisieren, 9,t. render precise, define. 

Priizislon, /. precision. 

Prazisionswage, /. balance of precision, preci- 
sion balance. 

predigen, v.i. preach. 

Predigt, /. sermon; preaching. 

Prels, m. price; value; rate; prize; praise. 

preisen, 9.<. praise, commend. 

preisgeben, v.i. give over, give up, expose. 

Preisselbeere, /. mountain cranberry. 

prellen, v.t. toss; make to rebound; cheat. 

Prellsteln, m. curbstone. 

Press-, pressed, compressed, expressed, pressing, 
press; glazed. 

Pressbeatel, m. pressing bag, press bag, filter 
bag (for presses). 

Prease, /. press; gloss. 

pressen, v.t. press; squeeze, pinch, cram. 

Pressfilter, n. pressure filter, press filter. 

Pressglanz, m. gloss from pressing. 

Pressglas, n. pressed glass. 

Preash^e, /. pressed yeast, compressed yeast. 

Presskohle, /. pressed charcoal; pressed coal. 

Pressling, m. something pressed, pressed ar- 
ticle; (pi., Sttgar) expressed beet pulp. 

Preflflliift, /. compressed air. 

Preasmtthle, /.pressing mill. 

Presstfl, n. fixed oil. 

Pressrttckstand, m. expressed residue. 

Preflsaack, m. = Pressbeutd. 

Presasalt, m. expressed juice, press juioe. 

Pressspan, m. glazed cardboard. 

Presstalg, m. pressed tallow. 

Presstorf, m. pressed peat. 

Presstuch, n. filter doth (for presses). 

Pressung, /. pressiu^, pressing, compression. 

Pressverfahren, n. pressing process. 

Presswalze, /. press roll. 

Pressadegel, m. pressed brick. 

Presszacker, m. compressed sugar. 

Preussen, n. Prussia. 

preussisch, a. Prussian. 

Prenssischblao, n. Prussian blue. 

prickeln, v.t. prickle, prick. — prickeind, p.a. 

sharp, pungent. 
pries, pret. of preisen. 
Priester, m. priest, minister. 
Prima-, of first, prime or best quality. 
primar, a. primary. 

Primilrkrels, m. primary circuit. ^ 

Primasoda, /. refined soda. 
Primaware, /. prime or superior article or goods. 
Prime!, /. primrose. 
Prlndp, n. prindple. 
Prinz, m. prince. 
Prinsdp, n prindple. 
Prioritiit, /. priority. 
Prise, /. prize; pinch. 
Prisma, n. prism. 
prisma&hnllch, prismaartig, a. prism-like, prift> 

prismaformig, a. prismnshaped, prismatic. 
prismatlsch, a. prismatic. 
Prismenflache, /. prismatic face, 
prismenf ormig, a. prismnshaped, prismatic. 
Prismenglas, n. prism glass. 
Prismenkante, /. prismatic edge. 
Prismenspektrum, n. prismatic spectrum. 
Pritsche, /. bat; (Alum) washing floor; (Dye- 

ing) stillage (to support goods while drying). 
Privatdozent, m. a licensed university lecturer 

receiving fees but no salary. 
pro, prep, pro, per. 
prebat, a. proved, tried. . 

Probe,/, test; assay; sample, specimen; proof;. 

trial; probation; rehearsal. 
Probeabdruck, m. proof, proof print. 
PTobebogen, m. proof sheet, proof. 
Probeessig, m. proof vinegar. 
Probefarbnng, /. test dyeing. 
Probefltochchen, n. sampling bottle. 
Probefliis^gkeit, /. test liquid, test liquor. 
Probegewicht, n. test weight, standard weight.. 
Probegold, n. standard gold. 
Probegut, n. sample. 



a. aeeordiiictQ 
,f. proof ootn. 
.» «. flunple for testmc. 

IVdbf Bilf I, /, toodi needle, 
n. flunplinc. 
n. ^f^fimttn flnii iprrimm fiihr 
r« m. ^ Probeetedie r * 
n. tert psper* 
i# m* teeto'. 

r» -rUnrdien, lu, -rSivc^ /. test tube; 
(Ifodk.) trial fnpe. 

ProbceiUnne, /. test acid, staxidaid add. 

P rdbeacfacrbe, /, Pkobescberbea, m. cupel; 
if^eram^ trial pieee. 

ProbeaBber, n. atandard sflver. 

Probe^^irftnay m. proof spirit. 

Probeatecber, m. aampler (jnaerted into the ma- 
terial to be aampled); (for liquids) £hief 
tube; (Sugar) proof stidc 

Probeatoin, m. touchstone; sample stone. 

Probeatttcic, n. specimen, sample; test piece. 

Probetl^el,m. assay crudbleOBeeTUte); cupd. 

Probewage» /. assay balance. 

Probeweingeiat, m. proof spirit. 

Probezlehen, n. sampling. 

Probedehery m, sampler. 

Probednn, n. standard tin. 

Probezylinder, m. trial jar; test tube. 

ProUer-. testing, test; assaying, assay. 

Problerblel, n. test lead, assay lead. 

proUeren, vd, test; assay; try; prove. 

ProUerer* m, teeter, assayer, analyst. 

ProUergerUte,,, -gertttachaften, f.-pl. as- 
saying apparatus. 

Problergewlcht, n. assay weight. 

Problerglaa, n. test tube. 

ProblergUitte, /. test litharge. 

Problergdd, n. standard gold. 

Probierhahn, m. try cock, gage cock. 

Probierkluft, /. aasayer's tongs. 

Problerkorn, n. assay button. 

Probierkunst, /. assaying. 

Probierlaboratorium, n. assay laboratory. 

Problerlttffel, m. assay spoon. 

Problermetall, n. test metal. 

Probiernadel, /. touch needle. 

Problerofen, m. assay furnace. 

Problerpspler» n. test paper. 

Problerr5hre, /. test tube. 

Problerrtthrengeatell, n. test-tube rack. 

Problerscherben, m. — Probescherben. 

Probleratein, m. touchstone. 

Probiertlegel, m. « Probetiegel. 

Problertttte, -tttte, -tntte, /. assay crudble. 




• /. 

9JL project. 


m. protein sub- 

/. protoc at ec h mc acid. 

PratiAoB, n. minotesi^ reeord; protoeoL 

Protozyd, M. protoxide. 

ProTiaiit, m. proviaiona, victaala. 

ProflaioB, /. providon; eommiadon. 

IVoTisor, m. pharmacist's assistant, dispenser. 

profisoris^ a. providcmaL 

ProK.^ ahhret. of Prozent. 

Proaent, n. percent. 

Prozentgehalt, m. percent content, percentage. 

prozentig, prwBentiach, a. percent, percentage. 

Prozentaatz, m. percentage. 

Prozenttettung, /. percentage acale. 

Prozess, m. process. 

prozesderen, v.i. litigate. 

priide, a. prudish, prim. 

priifen, vJL test; assay; try; prove; taste 
(wine, etc.); examine. 

Priifer, m. tester, assayer, examiner. 

Priifstein, m. touchstone. 

Priifong, /. test, testing, assay, trial, examina- 
tion, proof. 

Prttfongsachein, m. certificate (that a thing has 
been tested). 

prufnngsscluift, /. (university) theds. 

Prttjgd, m. cudgd, dub ; blow; drubbing, thrashing 

Pmnellensalz, Prunellsalz, n. sal prundle 
(fused potasdum nitrate). 

Prunk, m. pomp, state, show. 

PS, P.S., akhrev. (Pferdestarke>horsepower,H.P. 

Psendohamatoff, m. pseudourea. 

Pseudokatalysator, m. pseudocatalyzer. 

Pseudokatalyse, /. pseudoeatdysis. 

paeudokatdytisch; a. pseudocatdytic. 

PaendolJisang, /. paeudo solution. 

Pseudomerie, /. pseudomerism. 

peendomorph, a. pseudomorphous. 

Pseadomorphoae, /. paeudomorphosis; pseudo- 

Pseudoaftore, /. peeudo add. 

pnblideren, v.t. publish. 

Pudddarbdter, m. puddler. 

Pudddbett, n. » Puddeisohle. 




Padddeisen, n. puddled iron. 

Podddlnppe, /. puddle-ball. 

paddeln* vA. puddle. 

Puddelofen, m. puddling furnace. 

Pnddelprozess, m. puddling prooeas. 

Pudddschlacke, /. puddling ali^. 

Pndddsohle, /. puddling-fumace bed. 

Puddelspitze, /. puddler's paddle. 

Padddstab, m. puddle-bar. 

Paddetetahl, m. puddled steel. 

PndddTerfahren, n. puddling prooeas, puddling. 

Paddelwaize, /. puddle rolU 

Pnddelwerk, n. puddling works. 

Pudel, 9ii. poodle; blunder, miss. 

Pnder, m. powder. 

pudem, vA. powder. 

Pnderzncker, m. powdered sugar. 

Pnff; m. blow, thump; puff. 

pnffen, v.i. pop. — v.<. thump, beat. 

Puis, m. pulae. 

Pulsader, /. artery. 

Pulsglas, n., Pnlshammer, m. cryophorus. 

Pulssclilag, m. pulse beat, pulsation. 

Polt, n. desk. 

Poltfeaerung, /. firing on stepped grate bars. 

Pultofen, m. (Metal.) back-flame hearth. 

Pulver, n. powder. 

pulverartig, a. powdery. 

Pnlverfabrik, /. powder factory. 

Pulverflasche, /. powder bottle (wide-mouthed 

pulverformig, ct. in the form of powder, powdery. 
Polverglas, n. » Pulverflasche. 
polverig, a. powdery, pulverulent. 
pulverisierbar, a. pulverable. 
polverisieren, v.L powder, pulverize. 
Pulverisiening, /. pulverization. 
Pulverkorn, n. grain of powder. 
PulvermSrser, m. powder mortar. 
Pnlvermtthle, /. powder mill. 
pulvem, v.t. powder, pulverize. 
Polvomtz, m. powder composition. 
Polve^neker, m. i>owdered sugar. 
Pon^e, /. pump. 
Ponk^ m. point; dot; period. 
ponkderen, v.t. point; dot; punctuate. 
piinktUch, a. punctual; exact. 
Ponktstrich, m. semicolon. 
Punktam, n. period. 
Punsch, m. punch. 
Punzen, m. punch. 
Pnpille, /. pupil. 

Puppe, /. pupa; cocoon; doll; pupp>et. 
Pnrganz, /. purgative. 

purgieren, v.t. & i. purge; boil off (silk)with soap. 
Pnrglerharz, n. scammony. 
Pnrgierkasie, -kassia, /. purging cassia. 
Pnrgierlein, n. purging flax. , 
Purglermittel, n. purgative. 
Piirgiemiifls, /. purging nut, physic nut. 

Pur^ersalz, n. purgative salt. 
puriflzieren, v4. purify. 
Purinbaaen, purine bases. 
Purpnr, m. purple. 
Parporeokobaltverbindung, /. purpureocobaltie 

pnrpurfarblg, a. purple-colored, purple. 
Porporhf^ n. violet wood. 
Pnrparkarmin, m. purple carmine, murexide. 
Pnrpurmuschel, /. purple shell. 
purpnrrot, a. purple-red, crimson. 
Parporsiiiire, /. purpuric acid. 
Purpurachwefelsilare, /. sulf opurpuric add. 
Purzelbaom, m. somersault. 
pnrzein, v.t. tumble. 
Pastel, /. pustule, pimple. 
pusten, v.i. breathe, pant. 
Pater, m. turkey. 

Potz, m. plaster, plastering; dress, ornament. 
Putzbaumwoile, /. cotton waste (for cleaning). 
patzen, v.t. dean, cleanse, scour, polish, trim» 

dress; plaster. 
Putzerei, /. dressing. 
putzig, a. funny, droll- 
Potzlage, /. coat of plaster. 
Patzmacherei, /. millinery. 
Patzmaschlne, /. cleaning machine. 
Patzpa!ver,n.cleamng powder,polishing powder. 
Patzschicht, /. = Putzlage. 
Putztisch, m. dressing table; (jCeram.) cleaning 

Putztttch, n. doth for deanihg or polishing, 

sponge doth. 
Putzwasser, n. dilute add for scouring. 
Pozzolane, Pazzolanerde, /. pozzuolana. 
Pazzaolanerde, /. po^uolana. 
pyramidenformig, a. pyramidal. 
Pyramidenwiirfel, tetrahexahedron. 
Pyritabbrftnde,, pyrites dnders. 
pyritisch, a. pyritic. 

F^itofen, m. pyrites oven, pyrites burner. 
Pyroantimons&ure, /. pyroantimonic add. 
Pyroarsensfture, /. pyroarsenic add. 
Pyrodektrizit&t, /. pyroelectridty. 
Pyrogallassaare, /. pyrogallic add (pyrogallol)* 
pyrogen, a. pyrogenic. 
iVrokatechin, n. pyrocatechol. 
pyrometrisch, a. pyrometric. 
I^oph<H', n. pyrophorus. 
pyrophorisch, a. pyrophoric. 
pyrophosphorsaaer, a. of or combined with 

pyrophosphoric add, pyrophosphate of. 
Pin'ophosphors&are, /. pyrophosphoric add. 
Pyrofi&are, /. pyro add. 
Pyroschleimsiiare, /. pyromudc add. 
Pyroflchwefetefiore, /. pyrosulf uric acid (disul- 

furic add). 
pyroschweflig, a. pyrosulfurous. 
iSroweins&are, /. pyrotartaric add. 
Pyrrol, n. pyrrole. 

q., abbreo. (quadrat) square (esp. in qem, square Qnatsch, m. squash; nonsense. 

centimeter, etc.). 
qcm., abbrev. square centimeter (s), sq. cm. 
qdm., aJbhrett. square decimeter (s), sq. dm. 
qnabblen, v.i. shake, quiver; be flabby. 
quacken, v.i. quack; croak. 
Quacksalber, m. quack, charlatan. 
Qoader, Quaderstein, m. ashlar; freestone. 
Quadrat, n. square. 
qnadratisch, a. square; quadratic; (Cryat.) 

Quadratmeter, m. square meter. 
QuadratpjrranUde, /. square pyramid. 
Qoadratwurzel, /. square root. 
Qoadratzahi, /. square number, square. 
Quadratzentlmeter, m. square centimeter. 
qnadrieren, v.t. square. v 

Qnal, /. torment, agony, pang. 
qoMen, v.t. torment, worry, afSict. 
Qnalitiit, /. quality. 
Qualle, /. jellyfish. 
Qualm, m. dense smoke, vapor. 
quantenhaft, a. pertaining to quanta or the 

quantum theory. 
Quantenhypothese, /. quantum hypothesis. 
Quantentheorie, /. quantum theory. 
Quantit&t, /. quantity. 
Chiantum, n. quantum; quantity, portion, 

Quark, m. curd, curds; trash. 
Quart, Quarte, /. quarter, fourth. 
quarter, a. quaternary. 
Quartler, n. quarter, quarters. 
Quara, m. quartz. 
quarz&hnlich, quarzartig, a. quartzose, quartz- 

Quarzfaden, m. quartz thread. 
Quarzfels, m. quartz rock, quartzite. 
Quarzglas, n. quartz glass. 
quandg, a. quartzy, quartzose. 
Quarzat, m. quartzite. 
Quarzsinter, m. siliceous sinter. 
Quarzdegel, m. quartz brick, Dinas brick. 
quasielasttsch, a. quasi dastic. 
Quassiahdz, Qnassienholz, n. quassia wood, 

Quast, m., Quaste, /. tassel, tuft; brush, 
quaternar, a. quaternary. 

Qnebrachit, n. quebrachitol, quebraehite. 

Qnecke, /. couch gjass. 

Qnecksflber, n. mercury, quickdlver. 

QuecksOberbogen, m. mercury arc. 

QuecksOberbranderz, n. idriallte. 

Quecksilberbromid, n. mercury bromide, 
specif., mercuric bromide. 

Quecksilberchlorid, n. mercury chloride, specif., 
mercuric chloride. 

QuecksilberchlorUr, n. mercurous chloride. 

Quecksilbercyanid, n. mercuric cyanide. 

Qnecksilberdampf, m. mercury vapor. 

Quecksllbererz, n. mercury ore. 

Quecksilberfaden, m. mercury thread. 

Qnecki^berfahlerz, n. tetrahedrite containing 

Quecksilberhalogen, n. mercury halide. 

quecksaberhaitig, a. containing mercury, mer- 

Quecksllberhomerz, n. horn quicksilver (na- 
tive calomel). • 

Quecksllberjodid, n. mercury iodide, specif., 
mercuric iodide. 

Quecksilberjodiir, n. mercurous iodide. 

Quecksilberlebererz, n. hepatic cinnabar. 

Quecksilberlegiemng, /. mercury alloy, amal- 

Quecksilberlicht, n. mercury light. 

Qnecksilbermittel, n. mercurial. 

Quecksilberiiaohr, m. ethiops mineral (black 
mercuric sulfide). 

Qjiecksilberoxyd, n. mercuric oxide. 

QuecksUberoxydsalz, n. mercuric salt. 

Quecksilberoxydul, n. mercurous oxide. 

Quecksllberoxydnlsalz, n. mercurous salt. 

Quecksilberpflaster, n. (Pharm.) mercurial 

QuecksllberpiUe, /. blue piU. 

Quecksllberpradpitat, n. iPhann.) (mercury) 
precipitate (rotes, red precipitate; gelbes, 
yellow precipitate). 

Quecksllberrhodanid, n. mercury thiocyanate, 
specif., mercuric thiocyanate. 

Quecksllberrhodanttr, n. mercurous thiocyanate. 

Quecksilberruss, m. mercurial soot, stupp. 

QuecksUbersalbe,./. mercurial ointment. 

Quecksilbersttule, /. column of mercury. 





QnecksOberspat, m. horn quicksUver. 
QnedcflilberspiegeU m. mercury mirror. 
Qnedcflilbersabllmat, n. corrosive sublimate. 
QaecksUbersulfid, n. mercury sulfide, spedf., 

mercuric sulfide. 
Queeksilbersulf iir» ft. mercurous sulfide. 
QaecksOberverbindong, /. mercury compound. 
QaeckailberTerfahren, n. mercury process. 
QnecksObenitriol, m. mercuric sulfate. 
Qnecksnberwanne, /. mercury trough. 
Qoeckaflberzyanid, n. mercuric cyanide. 
Qaell, m. = Quelle. 
quellbar, a. capable of swelling. 
Quellbottich, m. steeping vat, steeping tub. 
Qodle, /., source; spring, well. 
qaeUen, v.i. swell, spring, wdl. — o,L soak, steep. 
QneUgas, n. gas from springs. 
quellreif, a. sufficiently steeped. 
Qaellreife, /. sufficient steeping. 
Qnellsalz* n. spring salt, well salt. 
Qnellstock* m. steep tank, steeping cistern. 
QaeUung, /. swelling, tumefaction; welling; 

QaeUiingsw&nne, /. heat of swdling, heat of 

QueUwaaser, n. spring water. 
Qnendel, m. wild thyme. 
qner, a. cross, transverse, diagonal, oblique. 
Qa&raehae, /. transverse axis. 
Qaerdt* n. querdtol, quercite. 
Qa^dnrchmeaser, m, transverse diameter. 
Querdnrclischiiitt, m. » Quersdmitt. 
Qaieref /. cross direction, transverse direction; 

qaerfiddein, ado. cross country. 
qaerianfend, PM, transversal, transverse. 
Querprofll, n, cross section. 
Quenriss, m. transverse crack, cross crack; 

erofls sedioa; (Jdin.) fracture. 

qnerschl^en* vA, grind (wood) across the 

Qaerschnitt, m. cross section, transverse sec- 
tion, crosscut; cross-sectional area. 
Querschwingang, /. transverse vibration. 
Querzitronrinde, /. querdtron bark. 
Querzusammen^ehnng, /. lateral contraction. 
Quetsche,/. squeezer, wringer, presser, crusher. 
qaetschen, v.L pinch, squeeze; crush, mash; 

bruise, contuse. 
Qnetscher, m. pincher, etc. (see quetschen); 

(Dyeing) squeezer. 
Qoetschhahn, m. pinchcock. 
Qaetschmuhle, /. bruising mill, crushing 

Quetschong, /. pinching, etc. (see quetschen). 
Quick-, amalgamating. 
Quickarbeit, /. amalgamation. 
Quickbeutel, m. amalgamating skin. 
Qnickbrei, m. amalgam. 
quicken, v4. amalgamate. 
Quickerz, n. mercury ore. 
Qoickmetall, n. amalgamated metal. 
QuickmUhle, /. amalgamating mill. 
Quickwasser, n. (Plating) quickening liquid 

(solution of a mercuric salt). 
qoieken, v.i. squeak, squeal. 
Qolllajaaaure, /. quillaic add. 
qaUlt, pr. S aing. of quellen. 
Qoirl, m. twirling device, twirl, whirl; (Qfit,) 

whorl; fidgety person* 
qoirlen, v4. twirl; stir with a whirling motion. — 

v.i, twirl, turn. 
qnitt, a. even, quits, rid. 
Qnitte, /. quince. 

Qnlttenkem, Qnittensamen, m. quince seed* 
qulttieren, vd. quit, leave; receipt. 
Quittung, /. receipt. 
onoU, pret, of qudlen. 

R., abbrev. (Referat) abstract, review; R6au- 
mur; ring (cyclic). 

Rabatt, m, deduction, discount; rebate. 

Rabe, m. raven. 

rabenschwarz, a. jet black. 

Rabenstein, m. gallows. 

rac., abbrev. of racemisch. 

racemisch, a. racemic. 

racemisieren, v.L racemize. 

Racemkorper, m, racemic substance (or com- 

Rache, /. revenge, vengeance. 

Rachen, m. throat; mouth; (Med.) pharynx, 

Rachen-. pharyngeal. 

rachen, v.t. revenge, avenge. 

Rad, n. wheel. 

Radachse, /. axle or shaft of a wheel. 

Radbewegung, /. rotary motion, rotation. 

Raddrehung, /. rotation; torsion. 

radebrecntoi^ v.<. murder (a language). 

Radelerz, n. wheel ore (boumonite). 

Radelsfiihrer, m. ringleader. 

r&dern, v.t. sift, screen; furnish with wheels. 

Radertlerchen, n. rotifer. 

Raderwerk, n. wheelwork, gearing; sifting ap- 

Radfahrer, m. wheelman, cycUst. 

radfttrmig, a. wheel-shaped, rotate. 

radieren, v.t. etch; erase. 

Radierfimis, m. etching varnish. 

Radiergrund, m. etching ground. 

Radiergummi, m. (rubber) eraser. 

Radierkunst, /. (art of) etching. 

Radiermesser, n. erasing knife. 

Radierung, /. etching; erasure. 

Radieschen, n. radish. 

radiieren, v.t. radiate. 

Radikalessig, m. radial vinegar (old name for 
acetic acid, esp. glacial acetic acid). 

Radioaktivitat, /. radioactivity. 

Radiotellnr, n. radiotellurium. 

Radiothor, n. radiothorium. • 

Radiamjodid, n. radium iodide. 

Radiumsalz, n. radium salt. 

Radiumstrahlen, radium rays. 

radizieren, v.t. {Math.) extract the root of. 

Radkranz, m. (wheel) rim, tire. 

Radllnie, /. eydoid. 

Radreif, m. tire; rim. 

Radachuh, m. brake. 

Radspeiche, /. spoke. 

Radwelle, /. axle; wheel and axle. 

raffen, v.t. snatch up, snatch away. 

Raffinade, /. refined sugar. 

Raffination, /. refining. 

Rafflnationsertrag, Raffinationswert, nu iSugar) 

Raflbiatkupfer, n. refined copper. 
RaflElnatsilber, n. refined silver. 
Raffinerie, /. refinery; finesse. 
RaflEhieor, m. refiner. 
raffinieren, v.t. refine. 

RaflBnierofen, m. refining furnace, refinery, 
ragen, v.t. project, tower. 
Rahm, m. cream; crust (forming on the top of 

something); frame; soot. 
rahm&hnlich, rahmartig, a. creamlike, creamy. 
Rahmen, m. frame, framing; compass, bounds. 
rahmen, v.t. skim, take the cream from; Irame. 

-"-^.i. form a cream. 
Rahmerz, n. a foamy variety of wad. 
rahmfarbig, a. cream-colored, 
rahmig, a. sooty; creamy. 
Rahmkase, m. cream cheese. 
Rahmmesser, m. creamometer. 
Rain, m. ridge, headland. 
Ralnfam, m. tansy .^ 
Rainfamdl, n. tansy oU. 
Rainweide, /. privet. 
Rakete, /. rocket; firecracker. 
Ramlefaser, /. ramie fiber. 
ramifizieren, v.L & r. ramify. 
Ramifiaderung, /. ramification. 
rammen, v.t. ram, beat down. 
Rammvorrichtung, /. ramming apparatus. 
Rampe,/. ramp; platform; footlightfL 
Ramsch, m. lot, bulk. 
Rand, m. edge; border, rim, margin, brim; 

Rand-, marginal. 
Randal, m. row, disturbance. 
r&ndeln, randern, v.t. edge, border, rim; mill. 
RUnderscheibe, /. edge cutter. 
Randg&rung, /. (Brewing) rim fennentation. 
rang, pret, of ringen. 





Bang, m. rank; quality; row, tier. 

Bange, /. tomboy, romp. — m. urchin. 

Rank, m. intrigue, wile. 

Banke, /. tendril, runner. 

ranken, v.i, (of plants) creep, climb. 

rann, prei, of rinnen. 

rannte, pret. of rennen. 

R&nzel, n., Ranzen, m. wallet, knapsack, satchel. 

ranzig, a. rancid. 

Banzigkeit, /. rancidity, rancidness. 

Bapp, m., Rappe, /. rape, grape pomace. 

Bappe, m. black horse. 

Bappel, m. rage, madness; staggers. 

Baps, m. rape. 

BapsSI, n. rape oil, rapeseed oil. 

Bapflsaat, /. rapeseed, colza. 

ras^, a. quick, brisk, swift, prompt. 

raschehi, v.i. rustle. 

Ba8en,*m. turf, sod, lawn. 

raaen, v.i. rave, rage. 

Baaenbldiche, /. grass bleaching, sun bleaching. 

Baseneisenerz, n., Raseneisenstein, m., Rasen- 

erz, n. bog iron ore. 
rasieren, vJ. shave; raze. 
Basiermesser, n. razor. 
Basierselfe, /. shaving soap. 
Baspel, /. rasp. 

Basse, /. race, breed, (of yeast) type. 
rassein, v.i. rattle, clatter. 
Bast,/, rest; (of a furnace) boshes, 
rasten, v.i. rest; halt. 
Bastgamng, /. (Brewing) slow and incomplete 

rastk>s, a. restless. 
riit, pr. S aing. of raten. 
Bat, m. counsel, advice; means; council, 

board; councillor. 
Batanhiawnrzel, /. rhatany root, rhatany. 
Bate, Rata, /. rate; instalment. 
raten, v.L & t*. advise, counsel; guess, solve.^ 

geraten, p.a. -advisable. 
Bathans, n. town hall. 
rationell, a. rational. 

r&dieh, a. advisable, expedient, wholesome. 
ratios, a. helpless, perplexed. 
Ratmann, m. councilman. 
ratsam, a. advisable. 
BatscMag, m. advice, counsel. 
ratsddagen, v.i. consult, deliberate. 
Batschlme, m. resolution, decree. 
B&tsel, n. riddle, puzzle. 
riltseUiaflt, a. eniginatical, mysterious. 
Batte, /. rat. 

Battengift, n. rat poison, specif., white arsenic. 
Battenschwanz, m. rat-tail file. 
rfttten, vM screen, sieve, riddle. 
Banb, m. robbery, plunder; booty, prey. 
Rjfcnber, m. robber; pirate. 
Ranch, m. smoke; fume; vapor. 
Ranchachat, m. smoky agate. 

ranchartig, a. smoky. 

rauehen, o.i. fume; smoke; reek. — p.<. smoke.r— 
ranehend, p.a. fuming; smoking. 

Rftucher, m fimiigator. 

Raucheressenz, /. aromatic essence. 

Rfiucheressig, m. aromatic vinegar. 

rancherig, a. smoky; dingy. 

rauchem, v.t. fumigate; smoke; i>erfume. 

Raucherpnlver, n. fumigating powder. 

Rancherung, /. fumigation; smoking (of meat); 
incense burning. 

R&uch^'werk, n. perfume, perfumes; incense. 

Ranchfang, m. chimney, flue. 

Rauchfleisch, n. smoked meat. 

Rauchgas, n. smoke gas, flue gas, chimney gas. 

ranchig, a. smoky; fumy. 

Rauchkalk, m. magnesian limestone. 

ranchlos, a. smokeless. 

Ranchquarz, m. smoky quartz. 

ranchschwach, a. giving little smoke, " smoke- 

Rauchtabak, m. smoking tobacco. 

Rauchtopas, m. smoky topaz, smoky quartz. 

Ranchverzehning, /. smoke consumption. 

Rauchwaren, furs, peltry. 

rftudig, a. scabbed, scabby, mangy. 

Raufe, /. hackle; rack. 

ranfen, v.L pull, pluck. — v.r. & i. scufile. 

ranh, a. rough (specif ., unglazed) ; raw; coarse, 
rude; hoarse. 

Rauhartikel, m. (Calico) raised style. 

Raom, m. space; volume; room, scop>e; hold 
(of a ship); opportimity, occasi&n. 

Raumanalyse, /. volumetric analysis (of gases). 

Ranmbestimmung, /. determination of volume. 

Raumbild, n. space diagram. 

Raumchemie, /. stereochemistry. 

ranmchemiscli, a. stereochemical. 

Ranmeinhelt, /. unit of space or volume. 

r&umen, v.t. clear away, remove; clear; evacu- 
ate, leave. 

Raamgeblld(e), n. space diagram. 

Ranmgehalt, m. content by volimie, spatial con- 
tent. ' 

Ranmgeometrie, /. solid geometry. 

Raumgitter, n. (Cryat.) space lattice, "raum- 

Ranminhalt, m. volume, content, capacity. . 

Raumlsomerie, /. spatiid isomerism, stereoisom- 

r&umlich, a. relating to or occupying space, 

Ranmiichkelt, /. quality of occupying space, 
extension; specific volume; spatiality, space; 
room, paft (of a house). 

Ranmmass, n. measure of capacity. 

Raomteil, m. part by volimie, volume. 

Raumverandenuig, /. change in volume. 

Raumverh&ltnis, /. volume relation, proportion 
by volume. 




nrnnen, 9.t, & i. whisper. 

Banpe, /. caterpillar; worm; whim, fancy. 

Raaach, m. drunkenness, intoxication; nuhing, 

rush, roar; {Mining) pounded ore. 
rauschen, o.t. rush, gurgle, murmur, rustle, 

whistle, roar. 
Raofldigelb, n. orpiment. 
Banschgold, n. Dutch gold, tinseL 
Ranschrot, n. realgar. 
Ranschsilber, n. imitation silver foil. 
iHaspem, v,r. dear one's throat. 
Baate, /. rue; rhombus, diamond. 
Rantenflach, n., Rantenflttchner, m. rhombo- 

Baatenflache, /. rhombus. 
rantenfSrmig, q. rhombic, diamond-shaped. 
RantenSi, n. ofl of rue. 
Rantenspat, m. rhomb spar (dolomite). 
razem-. See raoem-. 
Beagens, n. reagent. 
Reagensglas, n. test tube. 
Reagenspapier, n. test paper. 
Reagensrohre, /. test tube. 
Reagenzien, Reagentien, n,pL reagents. 
Reagenzienflasche, /. reagent bottle. 
reiMsieren, v.i, react. — reaglerend, p.a, reactive. 
Reagierglas, n. test tube. 
Reagierglasburste, /. test-tube brush. 
ReiMCicrglasgestell, n. test-tube stand. 
Reagierglashalter, m. test-tube holder. 
Reagierkelch, m. test glass, test cup. 
Reagierzyllnder, m. test tube. 
Reaktionsbahn, /. path of a reaction, 
reakttonsfilhig; a. capable of reacting, reactive. 
Reaktionsf&higkeit, /. capability of reacting, 

Reaktionagemisch, n. reaction mixture. 
Reaktlonsgeschwindigkeit, /. reaction velocity. 
Reaktlonsglelchung, /. equation (of a reaction). 
reaktfonsloa, a. reactionless. 
Reaktionslosigkeit, /. reactionlessness, absence 

of reaction, nonreaction. 
Reaktionsmaase, /. reaction mass, mass zeault- 

ing from a reaction. 
Reaktionamittel, n. reagent. 
Reaktionsstnfe, /. step or stage of a reaction. 
Reaktlonsveriauf, m. course of a reaction. 
realisieren, v.L realize. 
Realschule,/. industrial school, scientific sdiool 

(for teaching science, modem languages, etc.). 
Rebe, /. vine. 
Rebenruss, m., Rebenachwarz, m. vine black, 

Frankfort black. 
Rebenaafl, m. juice of the grape, wine. 
Rebhohn, n. partridge. 
Reblans, /. vine louse, phylloxera. 
Recept, etc. « Rezept, etc. 
Rechen, tn* rake; rack. 
Rechenkneeht, m. ready reckoner. 
Rechenkiinat, /. arithmetic. 

Reclienpfennig, m. counter, marker. 

Rechenschaft, /. account. — ^Rechenschall ge- 
ben, give account, answer. 

Rechenstift, m. edate pencil. 

Rechentafel, /. reckoning table; multiplication 
table; slate; blackboard; counting board. 

rechnen, v.t. & i, calculate, reckon, count, com- 
pute, estimate. 

rechnerisch, adv. mathematically. 

Rechnnng, /. calculation, etc. (see rechnen); 
arithmetic; calculus; account; bill. 

Rechnungsflihrer, m. bookkeeper, accountant. 

rechnungsm&asig, a. in accordance with calcu- 

Rechnnngstafel, /. reckoning table. 

recht, a. right; true, genuine. Intimate, own; 
fitting, agreeable. — adv. right, rightly, very. 

Recht, n. right; justice; law. 

Recht-. right, ortho-, rect-, legal. 

Reehte, /. right (side, hand, party). 

Rechteck, n. rectangle. 

rechteddg, a. rectangular. 

rechten, v.i. litigate; dispute; remanstrate. 

Rechtfertlgang, /. justification. 

rechtglaubig, a. orthodox. 

rechthaberisch, a. dogmatical. 

rechtlich, a. just, honest, legal, judicial. 

rechtios, a. illegal; lawless. 

rechtmiissig, a. legal, rightful. 

rech^ cuiv. to the right, on the right, dezbo- 

Rechts-. dextro-; of the law, legal. 

Rechtaanwalt, m. attorney, solicitor. 

Rechtsbeistand, m. (\egaX) counsel. 

rechtsbestftndig, a. valid, legal. 

rechtschafTen, a. just, honest, upright. 

Rechtschreibuig, /. orthography, spelling. 

rechtsdrehend, pM. dextrorotatory. 

Rechtsdrehlkuig, /. dextrorotation, right-handed 

Rechtsgelehrte, m. lawyer; jurist. 

Rechtahandel, m. law case, lawsuit. 

rechtskr&ftig, a. valid, legal. 

Rechtsmilcha&iire, /. dextrolactic acid. 

Rechtamittel, n. legal remedy. 

Rechtspolarisation, /. « Re<dit0drehtmg. 

Rechtss&ure, /. dextro add. 

Rechtsschraiibe, /. right-handed screw. 

Rechtswelnsfture, /. dextrotartaric add. 

rechtwinkllg, a. right-angled, rectangular. 

Redpient, m. « Rezipient. 

redprok, a. redprocaL 

Reck, n., Recke, /. rack, stretcher, horizontal 
pole or bar. 

recken, v.(. stretdt, extend, rack; (Afefol.) 
shingle, tilt. 

Reckwalzen, f.pL Reckwerk, n. (AfetoL) fin- 
ishing rolls. 

Redaktenr, m. editor. 

Redaktion, /. editing, editorship, editorial staff, 
editorial office. 




) Bede, /. apeeeh, languatse, talk, disooune; 
rumor; a4scount. 

reden, v.L & t. speak, talk, diaoourae. 

Redensart, /. phraae, ezpreaaion, term. 

redigieren, v4. edit. 

redlich, a. upright, honest, fair. 

Rednor, m, orator, speaker. 

Redn^biUme, /. (public) platform. 

redseOg, a. talkative. 

redadorbar, a, reducible. 

redaderen, vA, reduce. 

reduktioiiafUdg, a. capable of reduction. 

Redukdonaflamme, /. redudng flame. 

Rednktionskraft, /. reducing power. 

Reduktfensmittcd, n. reducing agent. 

Redoktionaofen, m. reduction furnace. 

Rednktfonartfhre, /. reduction tube. 

rednzierbar, a. redudble. 

rednzieren, v.t, reduce. 

Reduzieraals, n. reducing salt. 

reell, a, real, sound, honest. 

Referat, n. abstract; review; report. 

Referent, m. reporter. 

referieren, vd. & i. report. 

reflekdovn, v.t. reflect. — *9.i. reflect, oonaider. 

Reflerionaebene, /. plane of reflection. 

ReflezioiiaconkNaieter, n. reflecting goniometer. 

Refleriooawlnkel, m. an^^e of reflection. 

refiraktilr, a. refractory. 

Refraktkmawinkel, m. angle of refraction. 

refrlgerieren, v.t. refrigerate. — v.i. freeze. 

rege, a. moving, movable, quick, active, 

Regei, /. rule; principle, standard; (Med.) 

regelbar, o. regulable. 

regdlos, o. anomalous, irregular. 

regdmiiflaig, a. regular; ordinary. — adv. regu- 

regein, v4, regulate, ordo:, arrange. 

r^en, vJ. move, rouse. — o.r. stir, be active. 

Regen, m. rain. 

Regenbogen, m. rainbow. 

regenbogenf^Ug, a. rainbow-colored, iridea- 
- Regenbegenhaut, /. iris. 

regennleren, v.U regenerate. 

Regenfang, m. dstem. 

Regengaas, m. downpour of rain. 

regenkM, a. rainless. 

Regenmaaa, n., Regenmeaaer, m. rain gage. 

Regenmenge, /. amount of rain. 

R^enadiirm, m. umbrdla. 

Regenwaaaer, n. rain water. 

Regenwnrm, m. earthworm. 

R^enzeit, /. rainy season. 

retf eren, 9.u rule, reign. — v4, rule, govern, regu- 
late, manage. 

Rggleri M g,/. government, a dminlrtr ation; rule; 

Regfevemehliias, m. bond.- 
Bcfahiaa, in bond, bonded. 

R^Kiater, n. index; (table of) contents; register; 

regiatrieren, 9./. register, record. 

R^er, m. regulator. 

Reglisse, /. licorice (juice or drops); marsh- 
mallow paste. 

regnen, v.i. rain. 

regnerisch, a. rainy. 

regsam, a. active, quick, agile. 

regnlieren, v.t. regulate. 

Regulierhahn, m. regulating cock. 

r^piUniach, a. reguline. 

Regnng, /. motion, moving; emotion. 

Reh, n. roe. 

Rehbraon, n. « Sammetbraun; fawn oolor. 

rehfarbig, a. fawn-colored. 

Rehleder, n. doeskin. 

Rehpoeten, m.pL buckshot. 

reibecht, a. fast to rubbing. 

reiben, pA, rub; grind, triturate (colors, etc.); 
rasp, grate; scour; chafe. 

Relbepolver, n. abradve powder. 

Relber, m. rubber, brayer, pestle; grater. 

Reibkenle, /. pestle. 

Relbachaie, /. mortar. 

Reibstein, m. grinding stone. 

Relbung, /. friction; rubbing, etc (aee reiben); 
rub, difficulty. 

Reibnngselektrizit&t, /. fricdonal .electridty. 

Relbnngaprobe, /. friction test. 

Rdbongawftrme, /. f rictional heat. 

Rdbungswlderstand, m. f rictional resistanee. 

Reibangsziirer, /. coeffident of friction. 

Reibzttndhttladien, n* friction matdi. 

reich, a. rich; abundant. 

Reich, n. empire; kingdom. 

-reich. rich (in), abounding (in). 

reichen, v.t reach, pass, give. — v.i. readi, ex- 
tend, suffice, last. 

relchhaltig, a. plentiful, abundant. . 

i^ichllch, a, abundant, copious, rich, full. 

Reicha-. imperial, of the empire. 

Reichaadler, m. imperial eagle. 

Reichaanatalt, /. Impoial Institute. 

Reiehaanzeiger, m. imperial gazette. 

Reidiaarmee, /. imperial army. 

Reiehachamn, m. (MetaL) the zLnc crust, rich 
in silver, etc., formed in the Parkes process. 

Retchachmeizen, n. smelting of predous metals. 

Reichageaimdhdtaamt, n. Imperial Board of 

Reiciiakamder, m. Imperial Chancellor. 

Reichaland, n. imperUd territory, spedf., (pZ.) 

Retchamark, /. imperial mark (28.8 oeots). 

Reicliaatadt, /. free imperial dty. 

Retchaverfkianug, /. constitution of the empire. 

Relchtiim, m. wealth, ricfaneas, abundance. 




Reichweite, /. nnge^ 

reif ». a. ripe. 

Reif , m. hoarfrost. 

Heif, Reifen, m. ring, hoop; tire; collar. 

Reife, /. ripeness; maturity; (of beer, etc.) age; 

reifeii, v.t. & i. ripen, mature. 

Reihe, /. series; row, succession; range; suite, 
train; rank, file; turn. 

reihen, vA. arrange in a series or row; string 
(beads); baste. 

Reihenfolge, /. sequence, order, succession. 

Reihenschaltung, /. (Elec.) connection in series. 

Reiher, m. heron. 

rein, a. pure; clean, clear, tidy; sheer. — euLv. 
purely, clean, absolutely. 

Reindarstellung, /. preparation in a pure condi- 
tion, purification. 

Reinertrag, m. clear profit, net profit. 

Reingewicht, n. weight. 

Reinheit, /. purity, pureness, etc. (see rein). 

reinigen, v.t. purify; refine (metals, etc.) ; rectify 
(spirits); clean, cleanse, scour (silk), purge. 

Reinigung, /. purification, etc. (see reinigen); 

Reinigangsapparat, m. purifying apparatus, 

Reinigongsbeh&Iter, m. filtering basin or tank. 

Reinigungsmasse, /. purifying mass., 

Reinigungsmittei, n. purifying agent, purifier; 
cleansing agent, detergent; purgative. 

Reinkultivierung, Reinknltur, Reinzncht, /, 
(Baet.) pure culture, pure cultivation. 

Reinxylol, n. (Com.) a mixture of the three 
xylenes (n»-xylene predominating). 

Reis, m. rice. 

Rets, n. twig, sprig; ashoot, scion. 

Reisbranntwein, m. rice spirit. 

Reise, /. journey, trip, travel, voyage. 

reisen, v.i. travel, go, set out, leave. 

Reisig, Reisicht, n. brushwood, twigs, prunings. 

Reisige, m. horseman, trooper. 

Reisicttrper, m. (Med.) rice body. 

ReismeU, n. rice flour. 

Reispapier, n. rice paper. 

Reisaaus, n. flight. 

R^flsblel, n. graphite. 

Rei88blelti3gel, m. graphite erudble. 

Rrisschieim, m. rice water. 

relmen, v.L tear, pull, drag, split; trace, draw; 
bruise, crush (malt); rough-grind (glass). — 
0.t. burst, split, crack, break; tear along. — 
9.r. oneself, tear one's clothes; scramble (for). 
— rdasendr p.a. tearing, etc. (see reissrai);, 
rapacious; rapid. 

Reissfestlgkelt, /. resistance to tearing or break- 
ing, tenacity, tensile strength. 

Reiaskofale, /. charcoal crayon. 

Reiaskom, n. {Leather) artificial grain. 

ReiMtKrke, /. rice starch. 

Reit-. riding. 

reiten, vJ. & t. ride (horseback). 

Reiter, m. rider; horseman. 

Relz, m. irritation; irritant; stimulus; charm, 

attraction, grace. 
reixbar, a. irritable, sensitive. 
reizen, vJ. irritate, stimulate, excite; charm, 

attract, -allure. 
Reizgift, n. irritant poison. 
reizlos, a. nonirritant, nonstimulating; imat- 

tractive, insipid. 
Reizlosigkeit, /. nonirritanoe, etc. (see reizlos). 
Reizmittel, n. irritant, stimulant, incitement, 

Reizong, /. irritation, etc. (see reizen). 
Reizwirknng, /. irritating effect; stimulating 

rekapitulieren, v.t. recapitulate. 
Reklame, /. advertisement; puffery. 
rekiamieren, v.t. daim, reclaim. 
Rektifikationsapparat, m. rectifying apparatus, 

Reklifikationskoionne, /. rectifying column. -^ 
rektifizieren, v.t. rectify. 
Rektifiziemng, /. rectification. 
relazieren, v.t. & t. relax. 
remittieren, v.t. & t. remit. 
Rendement, m. yield, rendement. 
Rendita, /. extent of weighting (fabrics). 
Rennarbeit, /. (Iron) direct process. 
Rennbahn, /. race course. 
Renneisen, n. malleable iron extracted by the 

direct process, 
rennen, v.i, run; race. — 9 J. nm; (Metal.) ex- 
tract (malleable iron) directly from the ore. 
Rennherd, m., Rennfeuer, n. bloomery hearth 

(where malleable iron is extracted by the 

direct process). 
Remischlacke, /. (Iron) direct-proeess slag. 
Rennstahl, m. steel made directly from the ore, 

natural steel. 
Renntier, n. reindeer. 
Renommee, n. renown. 
renommieren, *o.t. boast, brag. — renommiert, 

p.a. renowned, well known. 
renommistisch, a. bringing, boastful. 
rentabel,.a. profitable. 
RentabiUtiit, /. profitableness. 
Rente, /. rent, revenue, income. 
Rentier, m. man of independent meana. 
rentieren, v.i, & r. be profitable, pay. 
Reparatnr, /. repair. 
reparieren, vA, repair. 

repaasieren, v,t, boil off (silk) a second time, 
repetieren, vA, & i. repeat. 
Reprjisentant, m. representative. 
reprodnzierbar, a. reproducible. 
reproduzieren, vU, reproduce. 
Repa, m. rape. 
requlri«en, vA, request; requisition. 




^ Reseda, /. mignonette. — gelbe Reseda, dyer's 

Reservage, Reserre, /. (Calieo) resist, reserve. 

Reservageartikel, m. (jCalieo) resist style. 

Resenragedruck, m. resist printing, resist style. 

Reseryemittel, n. reserve, resist. 
i Reserveniiuter, n. reference pattern. 

reservieren, vA. reserve; (Calico) subject to 
the action of a reserve or resist. 

Reserviemnganlttel, n. (Calico) resist, reserve. 

resorbiwen, v.t. resorb, reabsorb. 

Resordn, Rewwzln, n. resordnol, resorcin. 

recv., abbrev. of respektive. 

rei^ektive, adv. respectively, or rather, or. 

Respirationsnahnuigamittel, n. respiratory food. 

Rest, m. residue; remainder, rest, remains, 

Rest-, residual. 

restieren, v.t. remain, be left. 

ResCstraU, m. residual ray. 

Restetrmn, m. residual current. 

Restvalenz, /. residual valence. 

Resultat, n. result. 

resnltieren, v.t. result. — resnltierend, p.a. re- 
sulting, resultant. 

Retorte, /. retort. 

RetMlenbauch, m. belly or bulb of a retort. 

Retortengestell, n. retort stand. 

Retortenhais, m. neck of a retort. 

Retortenhalter, m. retort holder, retort stand. 

Retortenhans, n. retort house. 

Retortenkohle, /. retort carbon. 

Retortenmttndiing, /. mouth of a retort. 

Retortenofen, m. retort furnace. 

Retorlenverkoknng, /. retort coking. 

RetortenvorstoBs, m. adapter; (Zinc) con- 
denser (of day or iron). 

retoncMeren, v.<. retouch. 

RetooT'-. return, returning. 

Retonr&l, n. recovered oil. 

retten, vJ. save, rescue. 

Rettich, Retdg, m. black radish. 

Rettongsmittel, n. remedy, resource. 

reuen, vM repent of, regret. 

Rengeld, n. forfeit. 

reuig, reomlitig, a. repentant. 

Rensse, m. Russian. 

reverberieren, vU. reverberateff 

Reverberierofettt'm. reverberatory furnace, re- 

reversflM, a. reversible. 

rez., abbrcff. of reziprok. 

Rezension, /. review, criticism. 

Rezept, n. recipe, prescription. 

Rexeptur, /. dispensing (of medicines); receiv- 

Recipient, m. receiver; (of persons) recipient. 

reziproic, a. reciprocal.— -acb. reciprocally, con- 

RhalMurber, m. rhubaitiw 

Rliaiiariiergelb, ti., Rhabarbersliiire, /. ehryao- 

rh^nlsch, rheinU&ndisch, a, Rhenish. 

RheinsHore, /. rhdc add (chrysophanic add). 

Rheinwein, m. Rhine wine, Rh^ish wine. 

Rhodan, n. thiocyanogen, sulfocyanogen. 

Rhodan-. thiocyanogen (or sulfocjranogen), 
thiocyanate of, thiocyano-. 

Rhodanalumininm, n. aluminium thiocyanate. 

Rbodanammoniom, n. ammonium thiocyanate. 

Rhodanat, ft. thiocyanate, sulf ocyanate. 

Rhodanbarynm, n. barium thiocyanate. 

Rhodaneisen, m. iron thiocyanate, esp. ferric 

Riiodaneisenrot, n. ferric thiocyanate. 

Rhodanid, n. thiocyanate, sulfocyanate (esp. 
an -ic salt; d. Rhodanilr). 

Rhodanion, n. thiocyanogen ion, CNS'. 

RhodankaUmn, n. potassium thiocyanate. 

Rhodankalziiim, n. caldum thiocyanate. 

Rhodankapfer, n. cupric thiocyanate. 

Rhodanldsnng, /. thiocyanate solution. 

Rhodanmetall, n. (metallic) thiocyanate. 

Rhodanmethyl, n. methyl thiocyanate. 

Rhodanhiekd, m. nickd thiocsranate. 

Rhodantonerde, /. aluminium thiocyanate. 

RhodanOr, n. (-ous) thiocyanate, (-ous) sulfc^ 

Rhodanverblndnng,/. thiocyanogen compound. 

Rhodanwasserstoff, m. hydrogen thiocyanate, 
thiocyanic add. 

Rhodanwasserstoffstore^ /. thiocyanic add» 
sulfocyanic add. 

Rhodanzinn, Rhodanzinnoxyd, n. stannic thio- 

Rhodanzinnoxydul, n. stannous thiocyanate. 

Rhodltaasttnre, /. rhodinic add. 

RhodiumchlorwasserstolTsilure, /. add contain- 
ing rhodium, chlorine and hydrogen (HiRhCl? 
and HsRhCle). 

Rhombendodekaeder, n. rhombic dodecahedron. 

rhombenfttrmig, a. rhomb-shaped, rhombic. 

rhombiseh, a. rhombic. 

Rbomboeder, n. rhombohedron. 

rhomboedrisch, a. rhombohedral. 

rhomboidisch, o. rhomboid, rhomboidal. 

Richtblel, n. plumb line, plummet. 

richten, v. t, direct, turn; arrange, adjust, set, 
straighten; dress; raise, erect; judge.— v.r. 
turn, rise, conform. 

Richter, m. judge; justice. 

riehtig, a. right, correct, just, fair, true. 

Richtmass, n. standard gage. 

RIchtpiatte, /. adjusting plate, adjusting table. 

Richtscheit, n. rule, straight-edge. 

RIchtschniir, /. chalk line; plumb line. 

Rlchtong, /. direction, bearing. 

Richtnngsilndening, /. change of directioii. 

Rldnttlsttiire, /. ridnoldc add. 

RIdnns, m. eastor-oil plant. 


BI<i«Ma8l, n, eaator oil. 

i, f. riemoleie add. 
len, m, eaaUn' bean. 



rfeb, pret. Ot reiben. 

Blecli-. ■melling, loented, odorifOTOOs; oifaetory. 

Biedibciii, n. ethmoid. 

rfechen, v.L k. t. imdl. — rledwn nach, nndl <rf. 

— riechend, p.a. amdling, redolent, strong. 
Biecheiiif, m. aromatie vinegar. 
MeclmilUd, n. aoent. 
Bieffhnerv, m. olfactory nerve. 
Blech— It, n. smelling salts. 
Biedwtoir m« odoriferous subetanee, p^ume. 
Mediwaflser* n. scented water. 
Bied, n. reed; mo<n>. 
rfef, pret. ot rufen. 
Biefe, /. groove, diannd. 
Blegdl, m. rail, bar, bolt. 
^Biemen, m. strap, thong, band, belt; oar. 
ilies, n. ream. 
Riese, m. giant. 

Rieselfeld, n. field irrigated with sewage. 
Blea^Janche, /. sewage (as a fertilizer). 
rieadn, v.i. ripple, gush, trickle. 
Wesen-. gigantic, colossal. 
Rieaenschlange, /. python, boa constrictor, 

riet, pret. ot raten. 
Riff, n. reef, ridge. 

rlffeln, v.t. ripple (flax); channel, groove. 
mie, /. furrow, groove. 

Rind, n. neat, animal of the ox kind; (pi.) cattle. 
Rinde, /. rind; bark, cortex; crust. 
Rfaiden-. cortical, bark. 
Rindengewebe, n. cortical tissue. 
Rindens'cliicht, /. cortical layer. 
Rinder-. beef, cattle, bovine. 
Rinderbraten, m. roast beef. 
Rinderfett, n. beef suet, beef fat. 
Rindertalg, m. beef tallow. 
RIndfleiach, n. beef. 

Rindflelschbrtthe, /. beef broth, beef tea. 
Rindsgalle, /. ox gall. 
Rlndsklauenfett, n. neat's-foot oil. 
Rlndsleder, n. neat's leather. 
Rindstalg, m. beef taUow, beef fat. 
RIndvleh, n. cattle. 

Ring, m. ring; .link; coil; collar, band, hoop. 
Ring-. (Org, Chem.) cydic, ring. 
Ringalkohoi, m. cyclic alcohol. 
Ringamin, n. cyclic amine. 
RlngbOdong, /. ring formation. 
RlngelUume. /. marigold (Calendula). 
ringellg, a. ringlike, annular. 
ringein, v.t. ring; curl; girdle (trees). — v.r. curl. 
ringen, v.i. strugn^e, wrestle. — v.t. wring; ring; 

lingfiirmlg, a. eydie; ringHshaped, annular. 
RIngketon, n. cydic ketone. 
Rlngofen,m. (Ceram.) annular kiln, HoCmannkiln. 

lings* ad9. aroond. 
RingaAidt, /. annular layer, 
lug, /. ring t^msion. 
adr. around, all around. 

pxu cyclically unsaturated, 

containing an unsatorated ring. 
Ringverbindmig. /. cydUc compomid, ring com- 
Rinne, /. channel, groove, furrow, gutter, 
riniien, v.t. run, flow; leak. 
Binn ate m , m. sink; gutter; gutter stone. 
Rippe, /. rib. 
rippen, vJ, rib. — gerippt, puu ribbed, fluted, 

corded, laid (paper). 
ffippen-. ribbed; costal. 
RippenfeO, n., R^enhant, /. (costal) pleura. 
Rippentrichter, m. ribbed funnel. 
Riaigalinm, n. realgar. 
Riqps, /. panide. 
rias, pret. of reissen. 
Riaa, m. fissure, crack, flaw; rent, tear, gap; 

draft, sketch, design. 
rissig, a. fissured, cracked, flawy, torn, 
ritt, pret. ot reiten. 
RItter, m. knight. 

ritterlich, (l chivalrous, knightly, valiant. 
RitterapOTaf, m. larkspur. 
Rlttmei8t#r, m. cavaLry captam. 
RItz, m. Hitze, /. rift, slit, fissure, cradc, chink, 

flaw. / 
ritzen, vJ. slit, crack, scratch. 
Rlzin-. See Ridn-. 
Rk., abbrev. (Reaktion) reaction. 
Rkk., abbrev. (Reaktionen) reactions. 
Robbe, /. seal. 
Robbentran, m. seal oil. 
roch, prei. ot riechen* 
Roche, m. ray (fish). 
Rochellesalz, n. Rochelle salt, potassium 

sodium tartrate. 
rdchein, v.t. rattle. 
Rochen, m. » Roche. 

Rock, m.coat; gown, robe; skirt, pettieoat; frock. 
Rockschoss, m. coat tail. 
roden, v.t. root out, grub, dear. 
Bogen, m. roe, spawn. 
Rogenstein, m. odlite. 
rogensteinartig, a. oSlitic 
Roggen, m. rye. 
Boggenbrot, n. rye bread. 
Boggenmehl, n. rye flour. 
Boggenmutter, /. ergot. 
roh, a. raw, crude; rough, coarse; gross. 
Boharbelt, /. (MetaL) ore smelting. 
Bohbenzol, n. crude benzene, benzol (or benzole) . 
Boheisen, n. crude iron, pig iron. 
Bohertrag, m. gross returns. 
Boherz, n. raw ore. 
Bohfaserbestimmnngt /. determination of 

crude fiber. 




RohfirlMheii, n. (ikfeto{.) first refining. 

Rohfriflchperiode, /. {Iron) boiling stage, boil. 

RohAiieht, /. (Brewing) unmalted grain. 

Rohmaterial, n. raw material. 

Rohmetall, n. crude metal. 

Rohnaphta, /. crude naphtha; crude petroleum. 

Rohofen, m. ore furnace. 

Rohttlt n. crude oil. 

Rohr, n. tube; pipe; reed» cane; fiue; barrel 
(of a gun). 

Rtthrchen, n. little tube or pipe; tubule; cane; 
reed (in an organ). 

Rdhre, /. tube; pipe; nozzle, spout; conduit; 
shaft, tunnel. 

rtthrenartig, a. tubular; fistular. 

rdhrenfdrmlg, a. = rOhrenartig. 

Rdhrenkassie, /. purging cassia. 

RohrenUenune, /. tube damp. 

Rdhrenlot, n. pipe solder. 

Rtf hrenmanna, /. flake manna. 

Rdhrennndeln, macaroni. 

Rdhrenofen, m. tube furnace (for heating tubes 
liable to explosion). 

R6hrentrilg«r, m. tube (or pipe) support. 

Rdhrenwo'k, n. tubing; piping. 

rohrfBnnIg, a. tubular. 

rdhrig, a. tubular; fistular. 

RohrmfiUe, /. tube mill. 

Rohrpnlver, n. tubular powder. 

Rohrschlange, /. coil (of pipe), worm, spiral 

Rohrstock, m. cane. 

Rohrwelte, /. bore of a tube or pipe. 

Rohrw«rk, n. tubing. 

Rohrzange, /. pipe wrench. 

Rohrzncker, m. cane sugar. 

Rofarzuckersafl, m. cane juice. 

RohrzttckerT«rbindiuig«/'. cane-«ugar compound, 

Rohschlacke, /. raw slag, ore slag. 

Rohachmelzen, n. ore smelting. 

Rohsehwefel, m. crude sulfur. 

Rohseide, /. raw silk. 

Rohaoda, /. crude soda, (in the Leblanc proc- 
ess) black ash. 

Rohs^ritos, m. raw spirit, crude spirit. 

Rohstahl, m. raw steel; natural steel. 

Rohstein, m. (Copper) coarse metal. 

Rohatoff, m. raw material, crude substance. 

RohwoUe, /. raw wool. 

Rohzack«r, m. raw sugar, unrefined sugar. 

RoUe,/.roll; roller; caster; pulley; calender; rOle. 

rollen, v,L roll; calender. 

Rollenzag, m. block and tackle. 

RoUflaflche, /. a bottle of narrow-necked cylin- 
drical form. 

Rolischldit, /. upright course (bricks set on end) . 

Roilstein, m. bowlder. 

Rollwagen, m. truck. 

Roman, m. novel, romance. 

rSmisch, a. Roman. — rttmische Bertram- 
wnrzel »>Bertramwurzel. — rttmische Kamllle, 
Roman camomile (Anthemis nobilis). — 
rttmischer Kttmmel* cumin. — rSmische 
Minze, spearmint. 

rSnne, pret, subj. of rinnen. 

Rdntgenstrahlen,, Rdntgen rays. 

rttsch, a. brittle; coarse; hard baked or roasted. 

rttsehen, vJ. age or cure; dig (a trench or tun- 

Rdacherz, Rfischgew&cha, n. brittle silver ore, 

Rose, /. rose; rosette; .erysipelas. 

Roseneasenz, /. attar of roses. 

rosenfarblg, a. rose-colored, rosy. 

Rosenhonig, m. (Pharm.) honey of rose. 

Rosenkohl, m.' Brussels sprouts. 

Bosenkonserve, /. {Pharm.) confection of 

Roaenkranz, m. rosary; rose garland. 

Rosenlrapfer, n. rose copper. 

'Rosenlack, m. rose lake. 

Roseniorbeer, m. oleander; mountain rose 

RoaenftI, n. rose oil, attar of roses. 

Rosenquarz, m. rose quartz. 

rosenrot, a. rose-red. 

Rosenspat, m. rhodochrosite. 

Rosenstock, m. rosebush. 

Roseokobaitsalz, n. roseocobaltic salt. 

rosettenartig, a. like a rosette. 

rosettleren, v.i. make rosette copper. 

rosleren, v.t, dye pink, or rose. 

Roslavalz, n. (Dyeing) rose salt, tin composi* 
tion (solution of tin in aqua regia). 

Rosine, /. raisin. 

Rosmarin, m. rosemary. 

RosmarinSl, n. rosemary oil. 

Rosoisanre, /. rosolic acid. 

Ross, n. horse, steed. 

Rosshnf, m. coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara). 

RosskastaniS, /. horse-chestnut. 

Rossschwefel, m. horse brimstone (impure 
grayish sulfur). 

Rost, m. rust; roasting charge; grate, gridiron. 

Rdstabgang, m. loss of weight on roasting. 

Rdstarbeit, /. roasting process, roasting. 

Rostbrand, m. rust, mildew, smut. 

Rdste, /. roasting place; roasting charge; 
(Fkuc) rettery or retting. 

rw^n, v.t. rust. * 

rdsten, vA. roast, torrefy; ret, steep (flax or 
hemp); broil, grill; toast. 

Rostfarbe, /. rust color. 

Rostfl&che, /. grate surface. 

Rostfleck, m. rust spot, iron spot. 

Rttstgaa, n. gas from roasting. 

Rostgelb^ n. a buff pigment (hydrous iron ox- 

Rdstgummi, n. dextrin. 




Btetgnt, ». material to be roasted; roasted 

rofltfc, a. rusty. 

RQetkiife, /. retting vat. 

Btetmalz, n. roasted malt, blade malt. 

Rtetofen. m. roasting furnace, roasting kiln, 
calciner, roaster. 

Rdstposten, m. roasting charge. 

Rttstprobe, /. calcination assay or test. 

Htetprodukt, n. product of roasting, torrefao- 

. tion product. 

Rtetprozess, m. roasting process, calcination 

RSstriickstand, m. residue from roasting. 

Bttstecherben, m. roasting dish, scorifier. 

Btfstschlacke, /. slag from roasting. 

Rttstschmelzen, n. (M eto .) roasting and smelt- 

RostsehntK, m. protection against rust, rust 

Bostschutzmittel, n. anti-rust agent. 

Rtetstanb, m dust of roasted ore. 

Rtetnng,/. roasting, etc. (see rfisten). 

BSstverfaliren, n. roasting process. 

Rdstvorrichtiuig, /. roasting apparatus or con> 
tri Vance. 

rot, a. red. — roter Prfizipitat, red precipitate 
(red mercuric oxide). 

Rot, n. red; rouge. 

Rotationsachse, /. axis of rotation. 
• Rotationsbewegung, /. rotational motion, ro- 
tary motion. 

Rotbeize, /. {Dyeing) red mordant, red liquor. 

Rotbleierz, n., Rotbleispat, m. red lead ore 

rotbrafln, a. red-brown. 

Rotbraunsteinerz, n. rhodonite. 

Rotbruch, m. red-shortness. 

rotbrttchig, a. red-short. 

Rotbnche, /. red beech. 

Rttte, /. redness, red; madder; blush. 

Rotdlsenerz, n. red iron ore (hematite). 

Roteisenocker, m. red iron ocher (earthy hema- 

Rotelsenst^n, m. = Roteisenerz. 

Rdtel, m. ruddle, red ocher. 

Rdtein, f,pL German measles. 

rttten, v.t. redden. — r5tend, p.a, rubefacient. 

Rotfeii«r, n. red fire. 

rotgar, a. tanned (to a russet color). 

rotgelb, a. reddish yellow, brange. 

Rotgerber, m, tanner. 

Rotgiesser, m. brazier. 

Rotgiesserei, /. braziery. 

roti^tthend, p.a. showing red, red-hot. 

Rot^iilihitze, Rotglnt, /. red heat. 

Rotgiiltig, Rotgtiltigerz, n. red silver ore (dnn- 
kies, pyrargyrite; iiehtea, proustite). 

Rotguss, m. red brass; braziery. 

roth, Rdthe, etc. See rot, ROte, etc. 

RotlM^ n. redwood. 

rotieren, vt. rotate. — rotlerend, p.a. rotating, 

Rotkohl, m. red cabbage. 
Rotkohle, /. red charcoal. 
Rotkapf(Nr, RoCkupfererz, n. red copper, red ' 

copper ore (cuprite). 
Rotlaof, m. erysipelas. 
rdtlich, a. reddish. 
Rotiiegendes, n. (peol ) a system of sandstones, 

shales and conglcnnerates of the lower Per- 
mian of Germany. 
rotmachend, p.a rubefacient. 
Rotnickelkies, m niccolite, kupfemickel. 
Rotol, n. red oil 

Rotsilber, Rotsilbererz, n. » Rotgttltig. 
Rotspat, m. rhodonite. 
Rotspieaeglanz, m., Rotapiessglanzerx* n. ker- 

Rctsteln, m. red ocher, ruddle. 
Ro'.tanne, /. red fir. 

Rotte, /. retting (of flax) ; troop, band, set, gang. 
rotten, v.L ret (fiiax). 
Rotw^n, m. red wine. 
Rotwelsch, n. jargon, gibberish. 
Rot wild, n. red deer; venison. 
Rotzinkerz, n. red zinc ore (zjidte). 
R-P., ahhrev. (Reichs-Patent) imp^ial patent. 
R-Sfture, /. R-add (2-naphthol-3, 6-disulfonir 

add). » 

Riibe, /. turnip; rape; (ro e) beet; (gelbe) 

Rttbenasche, /. beet ashes (usually; see Riibe). 
Riibenbrei m. beet (root) pulp 
Rjibenbreiapparat, m. {Stigar) root pulper. ' 

Rttbenesaig, m. beet vinegar, beetroot vinegar. 
riibenfSrmig, a. turnip-shaped, napif orxn 
Rubenmelaase, /. beet molasses, beetroot mo- 

Riibenpottaache, / potash from beet molasses. 
Rttbenrohzncker, m. raw beet-sugar. 
Rttbensaft, m. beet (root) juice. 
Riibensamen, m. turnip, rape, beet or carrot 

Riibenschnitzel, m. beet chip, beet slice. 
Rttbensirup, m. beet sirup,. beetroot sirup. 
Rttbenspirltns, m. beet spirit (from beet mo- 

Rttbenstechw, m. beet Eampler. 
Rtlbenzacker, m beet sugar, beetroot sugar. 
Rttbenzuckerfabrik, /. beet-sugar iactory. 
Rnbidinmalaiin, m rubidium alum. 
RuUdiiimcliiorid, n. rubidium chloride. 
Rubidinmpiatincliiorid, n. rubidium chloropla- 

Rubin, m. ruby. 

Rubinbalas, m. balas ruby (ruby spind). 
Rubinblende, / pyrargyrite. 
nibinfarblg, ruby-colored, ruby. 
Rubing as, n. ruby glass. 




Rubingranat, m. rock ruby (variety of garnet). 

rubinrot, a. ruby-red» ruby. 

Rubinschwefel, m. ruby sulfur (realgar). 

Rubinspinell, m. ruby spinel. 

Riib6l, n. rai>e oil, rapeseed oil. 

Rttbdlkaehen, m. rapeseed cake. 

Rubrik, /. heading; column. 

Riibsamen, m. = Rtibensamen. 

Rtiibsen, m, rape seed. 
I mchbar, a. notorious; known. 

rochlos, a. scentless; vicious, wicked,. 

Ruck, m. jerk, jolt, tug. 

riick, adv. hack, backward, behind. 

Rttck-. back, retro-, re-, counter-. 

rttckbilderi^ vd. form again, re-form. 

Rttckblickfin. retrospect. 

riicken, vJ, move suddenly, push, pull. — v.i. 
move, stir, proceed. 
I Rttcken, m. back; ridge; rear. 
\ Riicken-. back, dorsal. 

Riickenlehne, /. back (of a chair). 

Riickenmark, n. spinal cord. 

Riickenweh, n. lumbago. 

Riickenwirbel, m. dorsal vertebra. 

Rttckerinnerung, /. reminiscence. 

Rttckfahrt, /. return. 

RiickfaU, m. relapse; reversion. 

Ruckflnssktililer, m. reflux condenser, return 
• Riickgang, m. return, retrogression; decline; 
(Mack.) back stroke. 

riickgftngig, a. retrograde, retrogressive; of no 
effect, nuU. 

Riickgrat, m. vertebral column, spine. 

Ruckgrats-. vertebral, spinal. 

Riickhalt, m. support, stay; reserve. 

riickhaltlos, a. unreserved. 

Ruckkehr, Rilckkunft, /. return. 

liicklaufend, rtlcklaufig, a. recurrent; retro- 

riicklings, adv, backward; from behind. 

RUckschlag, m. striking back; back stroke, 
rebound, recoil, return; reaction. 

RiickscUaghemmung, /. prevention of, or de- 
vice to prevent, " striking back." 

Rlickschlagrentil, n. check valve. 

Rttckschlnos, m. inference, conclusion. 

Rttckschritt, m, backward motion, recession, 
retrogression; relapse. 

Riicksicht, /. regard, respect, attention, consid- 
eration; motive. 

Riicksprache, /. consultation, conference. 

Rjickstand, m. residue, residuum; (often pi.) 
refuse, leavings, remains; (pi.) arrears. 

rilckstand^, a. residual; in arrears, overdue, 

Riickstoss, m. back stroke, recoil. 

Rttckstrahler, m. reflector. 

Riickstrahlung, /. reflection. 

riiekwarts, adv. backward, back. 

mckwelse, adv. by jerks; intermittently. 

Rttckwirkung, /. reaction; retroaction. 

Rttckzng, m. retreat; return. 

Rttde, m. dog, hound, he-fox, he-wolf. 

Rudel, n. flock, herd; stirring pole. 

Ruder, n. oar; rudder, helm. 

rudem, v.t. & i. row, paddle. 

Ruf, m. call; calling; report; reputation. 

rufen, v.i. & i. call. 

RufigaUuas&nre, /. rufigallic acid. 

rttgen, v.t. reprove, blame. 

Ruhbtttte, /. (Bretoing) storage vat, stock 

Ruhe, /. rest; repose, quiet, peace. 

Ruhelage, /. position of rest. 

ruhen, v.i. rest, repose, sleep. — mhend, p.a» 
resting, etc.; latent; stagnant; (Elee.) static. 

Ruhepniver, n. sedative powder. 

Ruhewinkel, m. angle of repose. 

ruhig, a. at rest, quiet, still, calm. 

Ruhm, m. fame, reputation, glory, praise. 

riihmen, v.t. commend, praise, extol. — v.r. boast, 
pride oneself. 

Ruhr, /. dysentery. 

Rtthrapparat, m. stirring apparatus, stirrer, agi- 
tator, (Ceram.) blunger. 

Rjihrei, n. scrambled eggs. 

RUhreisen, n. poker, iron stirrer. 

rlihren, v.t. stir; agitate, beat; play (an instru- 
ment); strike; move, touch (one's feelings). 

Rtthrer, m. stirrer, etc. (see rUhren). 

Rtthrfass, n. chiu^; (Metal.) dolly tub. 

Rtthrhaken, m. stirring implement, rake, rabble. 

Rlihrholz, n. wooden stirrer, stirring stick, pad- 

riihrig, a. stirring, busy, active, nimble. 

Rlihrloriicke, /. stirring crutch, rake. 

Ruhrmittel, n. remedy for dysentery. 

Ruhrrinde, /. Simarouba bark. 

Rtthrscheit, n. paddle, rake, stirrer; spatula. 

Riihrspatel, m. stirring spatula. 

Rtthrstab, m. stirring rod, stirring pole, paddle, 

Riihrung, /. stirring, etc. (see rtthren) ; emotion, 

Rjihrwerk, n. = Rlihrapparat. 

Ruhrwurzel,/.tormentilroot; ipecac; calumba. 

Ruinenmarmor, m. ruin marble. 

Rujaholz, n. Venetian sumac wood, young 

Rumftther, m. rum ether (ethyl butyrate or 

Rumbrennerei, /. rum distillery. 

Rumessenz, /. rum essence (ethyl butyrate or 

Rummel, m. row, uproar; lumber, rubbish; 

rumoren, v.i. make a noise, bustle. 

Rnmpelkammer, /. lumber room. 

rumpeln, v.t. rumble, rattle. 




t, m. body (of t- <- < . tnmk, 

torao; hull (of a ship 

BmaaptH, m. double nu 

nmdf a. round. 

mnderhaben, a. convex. 

Rundfeile, /. round file. 

Bundflasche, /. round flai ^* 

nmdhohl, a. concave. 

Rondkolben, m. roimd-bot > - • 

Rnndreise, /. round trip; c 

Rnndsclureiben* ft. circular. 

mndweg, adv, plainly. 

Runkel, /., Runkelrttbe, /. beet, beetroot. 

Rankelrttbenzadcer» m. beet sugar, beetroot 

Runzel, /. wrinlde; fold, rumple. 

runzelig, mnzlig, a. wrinkled, puckered, shriv- 

Rttpel, m. boor, lout. 

rapfen, v.(. pluck, pick. 

nippig, a. shabby. 

Ituprechtskraat, n. herb Robert (Geranium 

Rusaftl, n. ginger-grass oil. 

Ross, m. soot; lampblack; (Agric.) rust. 

numirtig, a. sootllke, fuliginous. 

RuoflbfiiHiiy n. bister. 

Rnssbrennerei, /. manufacture oi lainpUack. 

Rttflsel, m. nose, snout, nonle; probosds. 

Rnsflf arbe, /. bister. 

rossig, a. sooty, fuliginous. 

ruBsisdi, a. Russian. — niggiBchee C3as» Mus- 
covy s^ass, mica. 

Rnsskobalt, m. asbolite. 

Rusaschwarz, n. lampblack. 

rfisten, p.L prepare, equip, furnish. 

Rtlster, /. elm. 

Rttsterrinde, /. dm bark. 

rttstig, a, vigorous, robust. 

Riistong,/. preparation, equipment, armament; 
scaffolding; (Elec.) armature. 

Riistzeog, n. set of took; crane; scaffolding. 

Rnte, /. rod, wand; yard, rod (measures); 
(Med.) penis. 

Rntheniomoxyd, n. (any) ruthenium oxide, 
esp. the sesquioxide. 

Rntheninmoxydul, n. ruthenium monoxide. 

Rntheniumverblndnng, /. ruthenium com- 
poimd. * 

mtschen, v.i. slide, slip. 

Rntschpnlver, n. talc powder. 

rtttteln, vU. shake, jolt. 


(symmetrisch) sym- 
(S£ure) add; (Sankt) 

s^ <tbbrev. (siehe) 

S., abbrev. (Seite) pi^;e; 

Saint, St. 
sou (siehe auch) see also. 
Saal, m. hall, assembly room. 
Saat, /. seed; sowing; young crops. 
S&bel, m. saber, sword. 
Sabinerbanm, m. savin. 
saccharoidisch, a. saccharoid, saeeharoidal. 
Sache, /. affair, matter, subject, thing, cause, 

aachgemJiss, a. appropriate, pertinent. 
Sachkenntnis,/. expert knowledge; experience. 
sachkandig, a. experienced, expert. 
Sachlage, /. state of affairs. 
sachlich, a. real, objective, material. 
Sachregister, n. subject index. 
Sachsen, n. Saxony. 
s&chsiach, a. Saxon. — s&cludsches Blau, Saxony 

blue, Saxon blue. 
sacht, sachte, a. soft, gentle, light, easy; (of 

silk) scoured, 
sachverstftndig, a. = sachkundig. 
SachversttUidiger, m. expert, authority. 
Sachwalt^r, m. lawyer, attorney. 
Sachworterbnch, n. encyclopedia. 
Sack, m. bag, sack; pocket, pouch; sac. 
Sackband, n. bag string, sack tie. 
SUckel, m. purse; little bag. 
Sackfilter, n. bag filter, sack filter. 
Sackleinwand, /., Sackleinen, n. sackcloth, 

sacking, bagging. 
Sadebanm, m. savin. 
Sadebanmdl, n. savin oil. 
flften, «.<. sow. 

SafBan, m. morocco (leather). 
Safflor, m. safilower. 
Safran, m. saffron. 
salranhaltig, a. containing saffron. 
Saft* m. juice; sap; lymph; fluid, liquor, sirup, 

Saftgrfln, n. sap green. 
safUg, a. juicy, succulent; sappy. 
SaftaseUe, /. lymph cell. 
Sagapengimuiil, n. sagapenum. 
Sage, /. saying; rumor; tradition, legend. 
Sftge, /. saw. 

aftgeartig, a. saw-like, serrated. 

Sftgemehl, n. sawdust. 

sagen, vM say, tell, speak. 

8&gen, v,L saw. 

sagenhaft, a. legendary, traditionary. 

Sagesp&ne, sawdust. 

2%U;ezahn, m. saw tooth; (pi.) indentations. 

Sagradarinde, /. cascara sagrada. 

sah, pret. of sehen. 

Sahlband, n. selvage; waU (of a lode). 

Sahne, /. cream. 

sahnen, v.t. skim (milk). 

Sahnenkjise, m. cream cheese. 

Saiger-. See Seiger-. 

saigem, vA. = seigem. 

Saite,/. catgut; string (of an instrument); cord.. 

Saltendraht, m. music wire. 

sakular, a. secular, of long duration. 

Salat, m. salad; lettuce. 

Salatmachen, n. (Breunng) doughing in and 

keeping the mash very cold. 
Salatdl, n. salad oil, olive oO. 
Salbaderei, /. twaddle, quackery. 
Salbe, /. salve, ointment. 
Saibei, /. sage. 

SidbeUil, n. sage oil, oil of sage. 
salben, vJ. salve; anoint. 
Salbengrundlage, /. ointment base. 
Salbenspatel, m. aalve spatula, slice. 
salbig, a. salvy, unctuous. 
Saldo, m. balance (of an account). 
Salicoylsilure, /. salicylic add. 
Salicyl-. sallcyl; salicylic. 
salicyliert, p.a. sallcylated. 
saiicylsauer, a. of or combined with salicylic 

add, salicylate of. 
Salicylattare, /. salicylic add. 
^ Salicylorsftiire, /. salicyluric add. 
Saline, /. salt works, saltern. 
salinisch, a. saline. 

saiivieren, v.L salivate. 

SaUzyl-, etc. = Salicyl-, etc. 

Salm, m. salmon; psalm. 

Salmiak, m. sal ammoniac (ammonium chlo- 

Salmiakgeist, m. aqueous ammonia. 

Salmiaksaiz, n. sal volatile (ammonium carbo- 
nate) ; sal ammoniac. 






Salomonssiegel, n. Solomon's seal. 

Sali»eter, m. saltpeter, niter. 

Salpeterilther, m. nitric ether (ethyl nitrate). 

Sidpeterbildung, /. nitrification. 

SalpetOTdampf, Salpeterdonst, m. nitrous 

Salpet^rerde, /. nitrous earth. 

salpeteresrigsauer, a. nitrate and acetate of. 

Salpetertfas, n. nitrous oxide; nitric oxide. 

Salpetergeist, m. spirit of niter (old name for 
nitric acid). — rersiisster Salpetergeist, sweet 
spirit of niter, spirit of nitrous ether (essen- 
tially ethyl nitrite). 

salpeterhaltig, a. containing saltpeter, nitrous. 
— salpeterhaltiger HoUenstein, {Pharm.) mit- 
igated silver nitrate. 

Salpeterluft, /. nitrogen (old name). 

Salpetermilchsaurie, /. O-nitrolactic acid. 

Salpeterplantage, /. saltpeter plantation. 

salpetersalzsaaer, a. nitromuriate of. 

Salpetersalz^ure, /. nitrohydrochloric acid, 
nitromuriatic acid, aqua regia. 

salpetersauer, a. of or combined with nitric 
acid, nitrate of. 

SalpetersSnre, /. nitric acid. 

Salpet^rs&ureanhydrid, n. nitric anhydride, ni- 
trogen pentoxide. 

Salpeters&urei&ther, m. nitric ether (ethyl ni- 

Salpeterschwefelsfture, /. nitrosylsulfuric acid. 

Salpetersiederei, /. saltpeter works. 

Salpeterstoff, m. nitrogen. 

salpetrig, a. nitrous. — salpetrige £Uiare» nitrous 
acid.— «alpetrige Schwefelsanre, nitroeylsul- 
fiiric acid. 

salpetrigsauer, a. of or combined with nitrous 
acid, nitrite of. 

Salpetrigsaure, /. nitrous acid. 

Salpetrigsaureanhydrid, n. nitrous anhydride. 

Salpetrigsaure&ther, m. nitrous ether (ethyl 

Salve, /. volley; salute. 

Salz, n. salt. — schwefelsaures Salz, sulfate; 
palmitinsaures Salz, palmitate; etc. 

Salzader, /. salt vein. 

salzartig, a. salt-like, saline. 

Salzather, m. muriatic ether (old name for ethyl 

Salzbase, /. salifiable base (old term). 

Salzbergwerk, n. salt mine. 

salzbildend, p.a. salt-forming. 

Salzbilder, Salzbildner, m. salt former, halogen. 

Salzbildong, /. salt formation, salification. 

salzbildnngsfahig, a. salifiable. 

Salzblumen, efilorescence of salt. 

Salzbrlihe, /. brine, pickle. 

Salzdecke, /. a quilted cover impregnated with 
salts to absorb toxic gases. 

salzen, v.t. salt. 

Salzfleisch, n. salt meat. 

r- » '. 

- r'ru. .. ix; salt rheum, eczema. 
. Aiit g: jden. 
, . <'i 'ntent. 


Sal- > ■ '-"' »em.) spirit of salt (hydro- 

c- ' I u ^chter Sals^eist, light spirit 

i- >' . • M -ride). — schwerer Salzgeist, 
v.. « t •.(<.■( .^i:/.vdist, heavy spirit of salt, 
. '<r pi,.' alt. — ^Libavios' ranchender 
>. '<•'■. ^f. [k- i..^ liquor of Libavius (stannic 

Sv. '\ ni''u:t> nit mixture, mixture of salts. 

S^j / .'iHUf. '. yr*^ glaze. 

f- .'/'4rub< . . %:, pit, salt mine. 

H >'iUi^. ' '■*.< ' aining salt, salt-bearing, salif- 

salzig, a. salty, saline, briny. 
Sabdgkeit, /. saltiness, salineness, salinity. 
Salzkom, n. grain of salt. 
Salzkraat, n. saltwort. 
Salzkuchen, m. salt cake. 
Salzlaoge, /. = Salzbrtihe. 
Salzlosong, /. salt solution; brine. 
Salzmesser, m. salimeter. 
Salzniederschlag, m. deposit of salt, saline 

Salzpaar, n. pair of salts. 
Sal^fanne, /. salt pan, brine pan. 
Sal^fannenstein, m. (Sali) pan scale. 
Salzquelle, /. salt spring, aaline spring. 
salzsauer, a. of or combined with hydrochloric 

acid, chloride of (metals, etc.), hydrochloride 

of (aniline and similar bases). 
Salzsilure, /. hydrochloric acid, muriatic acid. 
Salzs&uregas, n. hydrochloric-add gas. 
Saizsiedepfanne, /. salt pan. 
Saizsiederei, /. salt making; salt works. 
Saizsole, Salzsoole, /. brine, salt water; salt 

Salzwage, /. brine gage, salimeter. 
Salzwasser, n. salt water, brine. 
Salzwirknng, /. effect (or action) of salt. 
-sam. An adjective suffix attached to nouns, 

adjectives and verb roots; Hsome, -ble, -ive, 

etc.; as heilsam, wholesome, bi^«am, flexible. 
Same, Samen, m. seed; semen. 
Samen-. seed; seminal, spermatic. 
Samendrttse, /. testicle. 
Samenfaden, m. spermatozo5n. 
Samenflttssigkeit, /. ser- rn' 'tnfrl 
samenfiihrend, p.a. sen Tt.u i .. 
Samenh^e, /. seed yea: i 
Samenkeim, tn. germ, <■ . ' \ 
Samenkem, m. seed ke. ■^' '''opensi' 

(Physiol.) spermatic uur . 
Samenlappen, m. seed 1> -^o v< . .' v.- 
Samenol, n. seed oil. 
Samensaft, m. seminal '^>- .1 . 
Samenstaub, m. pollen. 
Samentierchen, n. sper"- '■ 1 o 
Samenzelle, /. seminal ?,h, r- ,. ;••- , > jj^^ 




Sunenzneker, m. quercite. 

samiflch, a. Samian. 

riimisch, silniischgar, a. oil-tanned, ehamoia. 

Sftmlsehgerbeii, n. chamoiamg. 

Sjlmischleder* n. chamois leather, chamois. 

Sammel-. collecting. 

Sammelbottich, m. (Brevring) collecting vat, 
starting tub. 

Sammeigefilss, n. collecting vessel, receiver, 

Sammelglas, n. preparation tube, speeunen 
tube; converging lens. 

SammelUnse, /. converging lens. 

sammdn, v,t. collect, gather, assemble, accumu- 

Sammdranm, m. receiver, receptacle. 

Sammelsirep, m. sirup from split sugar. 

Sammet, m. velvet. 

Sammetblende, /. limonite. 

Sammetbrann, n. velvet brown (an iron pig- 

sammeten, a. velvet, vdvety. 

Sammeterz, n. azurite of velvety texture. 

Sammetschwarz, n. ivory black. 

Sammler, m. accumulator, storage battery; 
gatherer, collector. 

Sammlang, /. collection, gathering, assembly. 

Sammlimgsglas, n. specimen glass, display glass. 

samt, prep, together with. 

Samt, m. velvet. 

samtartig, a. velvet-like, velvety. 

samUich, a. all together, all. — adv. jointly, 

Sandarak, Sandarach, m. realgar; sandarac. 

Sandarakgommi, Sandarakharz, n. sandarac 
resin, sandarac. 

Sandbad, n. sand bath. 

Sandbadsehaie, /. sand-bath dish. 

Sandbttchsenbaum, m. sand-box tree (Hura 

Sandd, m., Sandelholz, n. sandalwood. 

Sandelholzttl, Sandeldi, n. sandalwood oil, 
santal oil. 

Sandfonn, /. (Founding) sand mold. 

Sandgries, m. coarse sand. 

Sandgnas, m. sand casting. 

sandig, a. sandy, ar^iaoeous. 

Sandmergel, m. sandy marl. 

Sandpapier, n# sandpaper. 

Sandschiefer, m. schistous sandstone. 

Sandstein, m. sandstone. 

sandte, pret. of senden. 

Sandahr, /. sandglam. 

Sandzofiker, m. rawground sugar. 

sanft, a. soft, mild, gentle, smooth. 

Sftnfte, /. sedan chair. 

sanflmiitig, a. tender-hearted, mild, gentle. 

sang, pret. of singen. 

Sang, m. song. 

Stager* m. singer, songster. 

Sanifcel, m. sanide. 

Sanitiit, /. health, hygiene, sanity. 

Saiiitiits-. sanitary, hygienic, health. 

Sanitiltski^legium, n. board of health* 

Sanitiitapflege, /. sanitation. 

Sanitfttswesen, n. sanitary affairs. 

sank, pret. of sinken. 

sann, pret. of sinnen. 

Santel, Santel-. = Sandel, Sandd-. 

Santoninsiinre, /. santoninic add. 

Santonsiiare, /. santonie add. 

Saphir, m. sapphire. 

Saphirspat, m. cyanite. 

Sardelle, /. anchovy; sardine. 

Sarg, m. coffin. 

sass, pret. of dtzen. 

Satlnage, /. glazing, finish. 

satinieren, v.t. satin, glaze. 

satt, a. satisfied; satiated; (of colors) saturated* 
deep, full. 

Satte, /. bowl, dish. 

Sattel, m. saddle; b]:idge. 

Sattelfass, n. (Breiving) rider cask. 

sattelfdrmig, a. saddlcHshaped. 

sattigen, v.t. saturate; satisfy; satiate, sate. 

Sattigung, /. sattiration; satisfaction; satiety. 

s&ttigttitgsffthig, a. capable of saturation. 

Sattigungsgrad, m. degree of saturation. 

Sattigungskapazitat, /. saturation capadty.- 

S&ttlgungspunkt, m. saturation point. 

sattsam, a. suflident. — adv. sufficiently. 

Saturatlonsgef&ss, n. saturation vessd, satur- 

Satiirationsscheidang, /. (Stigar) purification 
by carbonation (separation of impurities with 
the lime when the juice is saturated with 
carbon dioxide). 

Saturationsschlamm, m. (Sugar) sediment from 

Satnrel, /. savory. 

satnrieren, v.t. saturate; (Sugar) carbonate. 

Satumrot, n. Saturn red, minium. 

Satz, m. deposit, sediment, settlings; composi- 
tion; set (of weights, beakers, etc.); charge, 
batch; proportion, principle; leap, jump; 
young (of fish), fry; price, rate; pool, stake; 
sentence; (Breunng) yeast, sediment. 

Satzbrauen, n. brewing with cold malt extract. 

Satzkriicke, /. (Breunng) yeast rouser. 

Satzschale, /. settling dish. 

San, /. sow (also Metal.); drying kiln; blot. 

sauber, a. clean; neat; pretty. 

sftabern, v.t. dean, deanse. 

Saudere, /. sauce boat, gravy boat. 

sauer, a. add; sour, tart; troublesome, 

Sanerbad, n. (Bleaching) sour bath, sour. 

Sauerbriihe, /. (Tech.) sour liquor, add liquor* 

Saaerhonig, m. oxymd. 

Sauerklee, m. dover sorrd, wood sorrel. 




n. salt of sorrel (acid potaamum 

SaaerUeefliiire, S' oxalic add. 

^IverUcli. a. sourish, acidulous. 

SKnerlichkeit, /. (slight) acidity. 

SKnerliiig, m. acidulous mineral water, spark- 
ling mineral water. 

aauermadiend, p.a. acidifying. 

tfloem, tX. acidify; sour; leaven (bread). — 
f.t. sour. 

Sanerstoff, m. ox3^gen. 

sanerstoffarm, a. poor in cncygen. 

SanerstoffiUher, m. aoetaldehyde. 

Saaerstoffentwickidiuig, /. evolution of 

Saaerstoffningcr, mi. a substance that absorbs 
oxygen, as barium oxide. 

flanerstofffrei* a. free from oxygen. 

Saaerstoffgas, n. oxygen gas. 

Sanerstoffgehalt, m. oxygen content. 

sanerstoffhaldg, a. containing oxygen. 

Sanerstoffpol, m. oxygen pole, anode. 

aanerstoffreich, a. rich in oxygen. 

Saaerstoffsalz, n. oxysalt, salt of an oxacid. 

Saaerstoffsilnre, /. oxacid, oxygen add. 

SanersCoffstrom, m. current of oxygen. 

Sanerstofftrager, -iibertrag«r, m. .oxygen car- 

San««tofrverbindnng, /. oxygen compound. 

Baaertelg, m. leaven. 

aanertd^sch, a. peevish, cross. 

Sttnemng, /. addiflcation; souring; leavening. 

sftaerangarahig, a. addifiable; capable of sour-, 

Sanerwasser, n. sour water, sour (any of vari- 
ous dilute add solutions used in the arts); 
addulous (sparkling) water. 

Sanerwerden, n. souring; (of liquors) aoetiflca- 

aanfen, t.i. drink; booze, tipple. 

Mnlt, pr. 9 sing, of saufen. 

Sang-, Sange-. suction, sucking. 

Sangapparat, m. suction apparatus, aspirator. 

saugen, v.t. & i. suck; suck up, absorb. 

Saogen, n. sucking, suction. 

tflogen, v,t. suckle. 

Sanger, m. sucker; aspirator. 

Sftugetier, n. mammal. 

SaagfiUdgkelt, /. absorptive capadty, absorp- 

Sangfestigkdt, /. re .> •' •<,>.. m, suction 

Sangfilter, n. suctioi' 

Sangflasche, /. suet <■ 

Sangglaa, n. suctior- >ump. 

Sanghahn, m. suctic * • ^ 

Saugheber, m. siph* 

Saoghtthe, /. suctioi^ 

San^eiCang, /. suet .■ or^p* .g). 

Silngling, m. sucklii 

» m. vacuometer. 
Sangpipette, /. suction pipette. 
Saogpompe, /. suction pump. 
Sangrohr, n., Sangrtthre, /. sue 

pipe, sucking pipe. 
Sangventfl, ti. suction valve. 
S&nlchen, n. little column, etc. (e • 
Sinle, /. column, pillar; (CrysL) p 

^ulen-. odumnai^ (Crysl.) prian \ 
SUnlenachae, /. prismatic axis, 
aiolenartig, aftnlenfikmig, a. cotuuitM^, ^ 

Sanm, m. seam, hem, edge* fringe, advage; 

{Tin PlaU) list. 
sKnmen, 9 J. hem, edge, border; square (planks). 

— ».t. tarry, stay. 
simnig, a. tardy, dilatory. 
Saompfanne, /., Saomtopf, m. (7tn PUUe) list 

Stture, /. add; sourness, addity. 
Sftoreamid, n. add amide. 
Sinreanhydrid, n. add anhydride. 
Silorebad, n. add bath, 
^nreballon, tn. add carboy. 
Sfturebeize. /. (Leather) sour, 
saurebestandig, a. stable toward adds, (of 

colors) fast to adds. 
sfturebildend, p.a. add-f orming. 
SftnrebOdner, m. add former, addifier. 
i^arebromid, n. add bromide. 
I^ureehkwid, n. add chloride. 
lAoreecht, a. fast to add. 
Sftnreester, n. ester of an add, ester, 
silurefest, a. add-proof . 
SfturefliMMld, n. add fluoride. 
8&arefk«i, a. free from add, nonadd. 
Sioregehalt, m. add content, addity. 
S&oregelb, n. add yellow. 
S&oregrad, m. (degree of) addity. 
Sftnregrttn, n. add green. 
ISlnrehaloid, n. add halide. 
s&urehaltig, a. containing add, addiferoua. 
S&uremesser, m. addimeter. 
Sioremeflskunst, /. acidimetry. 
S&nreradikal, n. add radical. 
Siurespaltung, /. add deavage. 
l^urestiUidOT, m. add cistern. 
S&nretrog, m. add trough. 
saorewidovtehend, pM. resistant (or fast) to 

sfturewidrig, a. antadd. 
S&nrezahl, /. add number. 
Sttoremftahr, /. addition of add. 
B&aaein, v.t. rustle; lisp; hum. 
sansen, v.i. rush, whiz, whistle, hum. 
Sea-. See Ska-. 

ScUibe,/. awn, chaff (of flax or hemp) ; scab, itdi. 
schaben, vU. scrape; shave, grate, rub. 
Schaber, m. scraper, etc (see schaben). 




schl&big, a. shabby; mean. 

Schablone, /. modd, pattern, template; mold, 
form; stencfl. 

schabloneiiartic* scbmMonenm&Mic, a. accord- 
ing to pattern, mechanical. 

Schabsel, n. scrapings, parings, shavings. 

Schaeh, n. chess; check. 

Schadibrett, n. chessboard, dieckerboard. 

schachem, v.i. haggle. 

Schacht, m. shaft; pit; gorge. 

Schachtel, /. box, case. 

Schachtellialm, m., Schachtelkrant, n. horsetail 

schaditeln, v.L put in a box, box, pack. 

Schachtofen, m. shaft furnace; shaft kiln. 

scliade, a. unfortunate, a pity. 

Schade, m. damage, injury, loss. 

Schftdel, m. skull, cranium. 

Sch&del-. cranial. 

schaden, v.i. do injury, damage, hurt. 

Schaden, m. = Schade. 

Schadenersatz, m. compensation, damages. 

schadenfroh, a. malicious. 

schadfaaft, a. damaged, defecdve, spoiled. 

sch&digen, v.L harm, injure. 

schftdlich, a. noxious, injurious, dangerous, 

schadlos, a. harmless; compensated. — schadlos 
halten, compensate, indenmify. 

Schaf, n. sheep; ewe. 

Schafbein, n. bone ash; sheep bone; sheep's 

Schafl>ock, m. ram. 

Schafdarmsaite, /. catgut. 

Schiifer, m. shepherd. 

Sch&frell, n. sheepskin. 

schaffen, e.t. make, produce, create, do; get, 
provide; take, bring. — v.i. work, be busy. 

Schaffleisch, n. mutton. 

Schaflner, m. manager, conductor, guard. 

SchaflTnerin, /. housekeeper, stewardess, man- 

Schafgarbe, /. yarrow, milfoil. 

Schafhaut, /. sheepskin; amnion. 

Schafh&utchen, n. amnion. 

Schafk&se, m. cheese from ewe's milk. 

Schafleder, n. sheepskin Qeather), sheep. 

Schafmildi, /. ewe's milk. 

Schafott, n. scaffold. 

Schafsehmiere, /. sheep dip. 

Schafsehwdss, m. suint, yolk. 

Schall, m. shaft, shank, stock, handle, stalk, 

-schafL A noun suffix used to form abstract 
and collective nouns, cognate with the Eng- 
lish -ship; as, Freandsthaft, friendship. 

Schafwaaaer, n. amniotic fluid. 

SchafwoUe, /. sheep's wool. 

Schagrin, n. shagreen. 

SchiUcer, m. ester, wag. 

schal, a. stale, flat, insipid. 

Schalchen, n. little dish or cup, capsule. 

Schale, /. dish, basin, bowl; pan, scale (of a 

balance); shell; husk, skin, peel, rind, bark; 

cover (of a book); (Founding) chill. 
sch&len, v.t. shell, husk, peel, pare, bark. 
Sdialenblende, /. fibrous sphalerite. 
Schalengnss, m. chill casting. 
Schalengasaform, /. chill. 
schalenhart, a. chilled. 
Schalenlederhaut, /. chorion. 
Schalentr&ger, m. dish support, tripod. 
Schalk, m. wag, rogue. 
Schall, m. sound; ring, peal; resonance. 
Schail-. sound, acoustic. 
schallen, v.i. sound, resound, ring. 
Schallgeschwindigkeit, /. velocity of sound. 
SchailweUe, /. sound wave; 
schalt, pre<. of schelten. 
Schalt-. inserted, intercalary; (Elee.) switch. 
Schaltbrett, n. switchboard. 
schalten, v.L insert; (Elec.) connect. — v.i. rule, 

have one's way. 
Schalter, m. wicket, window; ruler, manager; 

(Elec.) switch. 
SchalUahr, n. leap year. 
Scbaltnng,/. disposal; (Elec.) connection. 
SchiUung, '/. shelling, etc. (see sch&len) ; exco- 
riation, desquamation. 
Scham, /. shame; modesty, chastity; pudenda. 
Scham-. pudic. 
Schambein, n. pubis. 
schfimen, v.r. be ashamed. 
Schamgai^E, m. vagina. 
schamhaft, a. bashful; modest. 
Schamotte, /. (Ceram.) chamotte, grog. 
Schamottetlegel, m. fireclay crucible. 
Schamottezlegel, m. firebrick. 
Schamrote, /. blush, blushing. 
Schande, /. shame, dishonor, disgrace. 
sch&nden, v.t. disgrace, dishonor, violate. 
sch&ndUch, a. disgraceful, shameful, infamous. 
Schankbier, SclUUikbier, n. schenk beer, draft 

Schanze, /. trench, intrenchment; chance. 
Schar, /. troop, band, host, crowd, herd, flock; 

(plow) share. 
Scharbock, m. scurvy. 
scharbockheflend, p.a. antiscorbutic. 
Scharbockmittel, n. antiscorbutic. 
scharen, v.r. flock together, assemble. 
scharf, a. sharp; acrid, pungent, corrosive; 

Sch&rfe, /. sharpness, etc (see scharf); edge. 
scharfen, v.L sharpen. 

Scharffener, n. (jCeram.) hard fire, sharp fire, 
scharfsauer, a. strongly acid, very sour. 
scharfschmeckend, p.a. of a sharp taste, acrid, 

pungent, tart. 
Scharfsinn, m. acuteness, acumen. 





scharfwinklis, a. acute-angled. 

Scharladi* m. scarlet; scarlet fever; scarlet 

sdiarlachen, scharlachfarben, a. scarlet. 

scharlachrot, a. scarlet, bright red. 

Scharlachwurm, in. cochineal insect. 

Scharnier, n. hinge, joint. 

Sch&rpe, /. scarf, sash; (Med.) sling. 

Sehar^e, /. charpie, lint. 

Scharre, /. rake, raker, scraper. 

flcharren, vA. scrape, scratch. 

Scharrwerk, n. scraping mechanism, scraper. 

Scharte, /. notch, nick, fissure; sawwort. 

schartig, a. notchy, nicked, jagged. 

Schatten, m. shade, shadow. 

scfaattieren, v4, shade. 

Schattierung, /. shading; shade, tint. 

Schatz, m. treasure; stock; wealth. 

Schatzamt, n. (public) treasury. 

sch&tzbar, a. capable of valuation or estima- 
tion; valuable, esteemed. 

8cliatzen» vJ. assess, tax. 

schfttzen, v.t. value; appraise, appreciate, es- 

Schatzkammer, /. treasury; storehouse. 

Schau, /. view, review; show. 

Schauarzt, m. coroner. 

Schaubild, n. diagram; (picture for) exhibit. 

Schauder, m. shudder; dread. 

schauderhaft, schanderig, a. dreadful, horrible. 

schaudern, v.L cause to shudder. — r.t. shudder. 

schauen, vA. look at, behold, examine. — v.i. look, 

Schauer, m. shudder, thrill, fit; shower; spec- 
tator; inspector; shed. 

Schaufel, /. shovel, scoop; paddle. 

Schaufenster, n. show window. 

Schaaglas, n. display glass, specimen glass, 
sample glass. 

schaukeln, v.t. & t. swing, rock. 

Schauloch, n. peephole. 

schauiustig, a. curious. 

Schaum, m. foam, froth; scum; lather; (Bretih- 
ing) head. 

schaumartig, a. foamy, frothy. 

Schaumbest&ndigkeit,/. foam-holding capacity. 

Schaumbiase, /. bubble. 

sehMumen, v.i. froth, foam; (of wine, etc.) 
sparkle, fizz; (of soap) lather. — v.t. skim, 

Schaumerde, /. aphrite (variety of calcite). 

Sdiaumerz, n. (soft or foamy) wad. 

Schaumgips, m. foliated gypsum. 

Schaumgold, n. Dutch metal, imitation gold. 

Schaumhanbe, /. (Brewing) head. 

fichaumig, schaumig, a. foamy, frothy. 

Schaumkalk, n. aragonite. 

SchaumloflTel, m. skimming spoon, skimmer. 

Schamnsehwarze, /. finely powdered animal 

Schaiimfleife, /. lathering soap. 
Sehanmnpat, m. analdte. 
Schaomstand* m. (Brewing) he . ' . 
Schaunton, m. fuller's earth. . 
Schaumweln, m. iq>arkling wine. 
Schaaplatz, m. scene, stage, the . • 
Sehaaspiel, n. spectacle, sight; • 
scheckig, a. dappled, spotted, m ^ . 
scheel, ixdv. asquint, askance, aw . 
Scheelbleiov, n., Scheelbleispat, ^'l- 
Scheelerz, n. schedite. 
Scheele'sches Grttn. Scheele's gn ' 
Scheele'sches Siiss. glycerol, glyc ' • 
Scheelsaore, /. tungstic acid. 
Scheere, /. = Schere. 
Scheffel, m. bushel. 
Scheibchen, n. little disk, little slicc' 
Scheibe, /, disk; slice; cake (of wvx. t-c 
pane (of glass); (honey) comb; pi . , wheel, 
target, dial, etc. 
scheibenfSrmig, a. disk-shaped, discoid. 
Scheibenglas, n. window glass. 
Scheibenkupfer, n. rose copper, rosette copper. 
Scheibenreissen, n. (MeUil.) conversion into 

disks or rosettes. 
Scheibenwachs, n. cake wax. 
Qcheidbar, a. separable; analyzable. 
Scheide, /. sheath; vagina; boundary, border. 
Schelde-. separating, parting. 
Scheidebttrette, /. separating burette. 
Scheideerz, n. picked ore. 
Scheidefltissigkeit, /. separating (or parting) 

Scheidegold, n. gold purified by parting. 
Scheidegut, n. material to be separated. 
Scheidekapelle, /. cupd. 
Scheidekolben, m. separating flask; (Old 

Chem.) alembic. 
Scheldekunst, /. (analytical) chemistry. 
Scheidekiinstler, m. (analytical) chemist. 
Scheidemttnze,/. billon; small coin. 
scheiden, v.t. separate; part; analyze, decom- 
pose; pick, sort (ore); divide, sever, divorce. 
— v.r. separate; (of milk) turn; divide. — 
v.i. separate, part, depart. 
Scheiden-. (Physiol.) vaginal. 
Scheidenschleim, m. vaginal mucus. 
Scheideofen, m. parting furnace, almond fur- . 

Scheldepfanne, /. (Sttgar) defecating pan, dari- 

SeheidescMamm, m. (Sugar) defecation slime. 
Scheldesieb, n. separating sieve. 
ScheldesUber, n. parting silver. 
Scheldetrichter, m. separating funnel, separa- 

tory funnel. 
Scheidevorrichtung, /. separating (or parting) 

Scheldewand, /. partition wall, partition, mid- 
feather, septum, diaphragm. 




Scheidewasaer* n. nitric add (for parting); 

aqua regia. 
Scheidewegy m, forked way, crossroads. 
Scheldong, /. separation, etc. (see scheiden). 
Schein, m. appearance; luster, light, shine; 

(of oils, etc.) bloom; document, paper, bill, 

Schein-. apparent, mock, false, pseudo-. 
scheinbar, 41. apparent, seeming, plausible. 
schein^, v.i. shine; appear, seem. 
Schein^prbe, /. accidental color. 
Seheinfufis, m. pseudopodium. 
Scheingrund, m, apparent reason, fallacy, 
scheinheilig, a. sanctimonious. 
Schelt, n. log, billet, block. 
Scheitd, m, vertex, summit, crown, top. 
ScheiteU. vertical; (Anat.) parietal. 
Scheitellinie, /. vertical line. 
scheiteln, p.i. part (hair). 
Scheitelpunkt, m. vertex; zenith. ' 
scheitelrecht, a. vertical. 
Scheiterhaufen, m. funeral pile; stake. 
scheitem, v.i. suffer wreck, be wrecked. 
Schellack, m. shellac. 
ScheUe, /. bell; handcuff. 
schellen, v.t. ring. 
Schellflsch, m. cod; haddock. 
Schelm, m. scoundrel, rogue. 
schelten, t>A. scold, reprimand. 
Schema, n. model, pattern; blank, form; 

schedule; scheme. 
schematisch, a. schematic. 
Scheme!, m. stool. 
Schemen, m. shadow, phantom. 
Schenk, m. liquor retidler; cupbearer. 
Schenkbi^, n. draft beer, schenk beer (con- 
trasted with Lagerbier). 
Schenke, /. public house, tavern. 
Schenkel, m. leg; shank; thigh; side, side piece. 
Schenkei-. femoral, crural. 
Schenkelbein, n. thigh bone, femur. 
Schenkdrohr, n., -rohre, /. bent tube, V-tube, 

elbow tube, elbow pipe. 
schenken, v.t. pour out; give, present; retail 

Giquors); suckle. 
Scherbo, /., Scherben, m. potsherd, shard; 

fragment, piece; crock, pot (esp. flowerpot); 

cupel; soorifier; (jCeram.) body. 
Scherbenkobalt, m. native arsenic. 
Schere, /. scissors, shears; notch, nick; shafts; 

Bcheren, v4, shear, dip, cut; plague, vex. — 

v.r. go, be off; care. 
ScherenstaU, tn. shear steel. 
Schererel, /. trouble, bother. 
Scherfleln, n. mite. . 
Scherx, m. joke, jest, fun, q;>ort. 
scheneii» v.t. joke, jest. 
schen, a. shy, timorous. 
scheachen, vJ. scare, frighten. 

scheuen, vM shim, avoid, dread, grudge.— p.z. 

Scheuer, /. bam, granary. 

scheuern, v.t. scour, wash; rub, chafe. «• 

Schenne, /. = Scheuer. 

Scheusal, n. monster, fright. 

scheusslich, a. horrid, horrible, hideous. 

Schicht, /. layer, stratum, bed, course; charge 
(of a furnace); batch; shift, turn (oi work). 

Schichtboden, m. {Metal.) mixing place. 

schichten, v.t. arrange in layers or beds, stratify; 
pile, stack; charge. 

Schichtengrappe, /. (GeoL) group of strata, 

Schichtenkohle, /. foliated coal. 

schlchtenweise, a. & adv. in layers or strata, 

Schichtgesteine, stratified rocks. 

Schichtung, /. stratification; arranging in 
layers; piling; charging. 

Schichtwasser, n. ground water. 

Schick, m. skill; tact; order. 

schicken, v.t. send; cause to happen.— v.r. hap- 
pen; suit, fit; conform, accommodate one- 
self; prepare. — geschickt, p.a. sent, etc.; 
skilled, qualified, clever; suitable, fit. 

schicklich, a. becoming, proper, fit. 

Schicksal, n. fate, destiny. 

Schickung, /. dispensation. 

Schieb-. sliding, slide. 

schieben, v.t. shove, push, slide, slip. 

Schieber, m. slide, slider^ slide bar, slide 
valve, carriage; shovel; pusher, shover; 

Schiebervendl, n. slide valve. 

Schiebung, /. shoving, etc. (see schieben); 

schied, pret. of scheiden. 

Schiedsanalyse, /. umpire analysis. 

Schiedsmann, Schledsrichter, m. umpire, ar- 
biter, referee. 

Schiedsspruch, m. award. 

schief, a. inclined, oblique; skew, crooked. — 
adv. obliquely; askew, awry, amiss. 

Schiefe, /. inclination, slope; obliqueness; 

Schiefer, m. slate; schist; shale; flaw (in iron). 

schieferblau, a. slate-blue. 

Schieferfarbe, /. slate color. 

schieferig, a. slaty, slate-like; schistous, schia- 
toee; scaly, flaky, foliated, foliaceous. 

schief em, v.i. scale off, exfoliate. 

Schieferplatte, /. slab or plate of slate. 

Schieferspat, m. slate spar (lamellar variety of 

Schieferstein, n. slate. 

I^hiefertalk, m. talc slate, indurated talc. 

Schief erteerOI, n. shale tar oil. 

Schieferton, m. slate clay, shale. 

Schieferung, /. scaling off, exfoliation. 



SchlacKrv 'irrt' 

SeUeTerwete, n. a fine, flaky variety of white 

Schieflieit, /. » Schief e. 
sdii^fliegend, pxL. inclined, sloping, oblique. 
achiefwinldig, a. oblique-angled. 
schlelen, v.i, squint; leer. 
schien, preL of scheinen. 
Scliienbein, n. shin bone, tibia. 
Schiene,/. rail; slat, strip, bar; rim, tire (of a 

wheel); {Med.) splint. 
ScUenenweg, m. railway; tramway. 
Schienenweite, /. railway gage. 
Bchier, a. sheer, pure. — adv, simply; nearly. 
Schieriing, m. hemlock (the herb). 
ScUerlingsaft, m. hemlock juice, juice <rf eo- 

SclderUngskrant, n. hemlock (the herb). 
Sehierllngstanne, /. hemlock spruce, honlock. 
flcUert, pr, 3 sing, of scheren. 
ScUeflsbaomwoUe, /. gimootton. 
achieseen, v.t, & t. shoot; dart, emit, dash; 

(of dyes) flush on. 
Schiesoofen, m. an oven for heating tubes which 

may explode, bomb oven, tube furnace, 

Carius oven. 
StMeaapair&r, n. gunpowder. 
Schiesarohr, n., -rShre, /. a sealed tube in which 

substances are heated under presstire, bomb 

Schleaastoir, m. powder (for shooting). 
Schiesswolle, /. gimcotton. 
SchlesswfrfilNilvw, n. guncotton powder. 
Schiff, n. ship; shuttle; nave. 
schiffbar, a. navigable. 
Schifflwudi, m. shipwreck. 
SdiilTchen, n. boat; little ship; shuttle; (Bo<.) 

acbilTen, vA. & t*. navigate, sail. 
Schiffrar, m. shipmaster, captain, skipper. 
ScMimshrt, /. navigation. 
SchilTsbedttrfnlsse, n.pL naval stores. 
SehlflTslelm, m. marine glue. 
SchilTspech, n. conmion blade pitch. 
Schild, m. shield; escutcheon. 
Schttd, n. label; sign, •ir^'j^ i- f*»:e; 

• (turtle) shell. 
Sddldchen, n. little shield, l:-.ii^ h' - ^ »^^ * < "^e 

Schilddrttse, /. thyroid gland. 
Schilddriisen-. thyroid. 
SchUddrttaenessenz, /., -eztraki n. /'. t.' 

thyroid solution. 
flchildern, v.t. depict, portray, • -.a. . 
achildfdrmig, a. shield-shap-" i, ^I'^.t ■ r: 

iAnai.) thyroid. { 

Schildknorpel, m. thyroid cartilr r-. , 

Schildkraut, n. skullcap {SciUeliij '.,.). 
Schildkrttte, /. turtle, tortoise. 
Schildlans,/. cochineal insect. i 

ScUldpatt, n. tortoise shell. 




• •«. 




• >» 

*' dored 


•c ,1 


er. — 

' atoy- 

Sdiildwaehe, /. aentind 
Sckilf, n.reed. 
Bchlifeni, r.{. scale off, e 
ScfaiUer, m. play of col 

color, metallic color, 
ScMllerfar|»e, /. diangea 

surface color, metallic 
BehiUerfarbig, a. show^ 

iridescent; exhibiting 

Schiilerslanz, m. iride ^-^ 

metallic luster, sehillei 
schlllem, v.i. exhibit a p -^i 

opalesoe; exhibit surfs .. • . 

achiilemd, p.a. iridesoe' 

ant; possessing schiller. 
Sehillerqnars, m. (Mi^ cat's-eye. 
Schlilerseide, /. shot silk, changeable silk. 
Schfllensiiat, m. schiller spar (altered enstatite) ; 

Schillerstein, m. schiller spar. 
Schillerwein, m. wine from red and white 

grapes mixed. 
Bchllt, pr. S sing, of schelten. 
Schimmel,m. mold; mildew; fpray or white 

achimmelig, a. moldy, musty. 
schlmmein, v.t. mold. 
Schlmmdpllz, m. mold fungus, mold. 
Schimmer, m. glimmer, shimmer, glitter. 
Bchimmem, v.i. glisten, glitter, |^eam» ahine. 
Schimpf, m. abuse, insult; disgrace, 
schimpfen, v.t. call names, scold. 
Schindel, /. shingle; (Med.) splint, 
schlnden, v.U skin, flay. 
ScUnken, m., Schinkenflelach, n. l**i». 
Schippe, /. shovel, scoop. 
schipperig. a. {Dyeing) mixtury, not solid. 
Schirbei, m. (Metal.) bloom; piece of a bloom, 

Sehirm, m. screen; shelter; shade; umbrella: 

visor (of a cap) ; (Bot.) umbel, 
achlrmen, v.t. screen; shelter. 
Schirmpflanze, /. umbelliferoua plant, 
schlabbem, v.i. slobber; overflow; gossip. 
Sehlabberrohr, n. overflow pipe or tube. 
Schlabberventil, n. check valve. 
Schlacht, /. battle. 
schlachten, v.t. kill, slaughter. 
Schlacke, /. slag; cinder, scoria, droas; (in 

coal) clinker. 
schlackenartig, a. slaggy, scoriaceous. 
Schiackenaoge, n. » Schlackenloch. 
SchlackenbUdong, /. formation of dag, seorifl- 

Sehlackeneiaen, n. cinder iron. 
Schlackenform, /. cinder block. 
ScMackenfrischen, n. ^ Sehlackenpuddeln. 
Schlackengang, m. slag duct, dnder fall. 
Schlackenherd, m. slag hearth, slag furnace. 




SdiUdienlBTa, /. sedriaoeous lava. 

Schlackenloch, n. cinder notch, slag hole, cinder 

Scblackenofen, m. slag furnace. 

Schlackenpaddein, n. pig boiling. 

Schlaekenrdsten, n. roasting of slag. 

Schiackenscherbe,/., -scherben, m. scorifier. 

Schlackensirfess, m. cinder iron, dag iron. 

Schlackensimr,/. » Schlackenloeh. 

Schlackenstanbt m. coal dust. 

Schlackenstein, m. building atone made from 
slag, slag brick. 

ScUackenwolle, /. slag wool, mineral wool. 

Schlackenzacken, m. cinder plate, front plate. 

Schlackenzinn, n. tin extracted from slag, pril- 

■cMackig, a. slaggy, drossy, scoriaoeous. 

Schlaf, m. sleep; temple (of the head). 

Schlafarznel,/. soporific, narcotic 

8clilafb^)»rdernd, p.a. soporific 

SchUfe,/. temple (of the head). 

schlafen, 9.t. sleep; lie dormant. 

SchUtfen-. iAnaL) temporal. 

schlaff; a. slack, loose, flabby, flaccid, soft. 

Schlafmittei, n. soporific, narcotic 

Schlalknohn, m. opium poppy. 

8chllilt» pr. S sing, of schlafen. 

ScUafta«iik» m. sleeping draft. 

Sehlafkimmer, n. bedroom. 

Schlag, m. stroke, blow, percussion, knock, 
shock, kick, beat; apoplexy; coinage, stamp, 
sort; cutting (of wood or in the woods) ; field; 
song (of birds). 

Schlagadw,/. artery. 

Schlagarbeit, /. work resulting from a blow or 

Schlilgel, m. *» Schlegel. 

Schlagelot, n. hard solder. 

SchlagempflndHrhkfiit, /. sensitiveness to per- 

schlagen, vJ. strike, beat, hit, knock; cut 
(wood); chum (butter); press (oil); drive 
(nails, etc); put (into banels); etc, etc — 
v.i. strike, beat, knock, kick; warble; belong, 
conoom. — echlagend, p.iu striking, impres- 
sive.— schlagende Wetter, fire damp. 

Schlilger, m. beater, etc. (see schlagen) ; fighter; 
batter; rapier. 

SchUgerei,/. fighting, seufSe. 

Schlaggold, n. leaf gold. 

Schlaglot, n. hard solder. 

Schlagprobe, /. percussion test. 

Schlags^uit, /. hempseed. 

Schiagsahne, /. whipped cream. 

schligt, pr. S Btng. of schlagen. 

SchiagwassM-, n. bilge water. 

Schlagw^te, /. striking distance (of an electric 
spark), spark distance 

Schlagwerk, n. striking apparatus, spedf ., ram- 

ScUagwetter, fire damp. 

schlagwetteraicher, o. proof against fire damp. 

sehlagwetteniindflihig, a. ignitable by fire 

Schlagzander, m. percussion fuse. 

Schlamm, m, mud, sludge, slime; slurry; silt; 
(Ceram,) slip. 

Schl&mm-. ^utriating, washing, elutriated, 

SchliUnmanalyse, /. analysis by elutriation. 

Sc. hl Um m apparat, m. elutriating apparatus. 

schl&mmen, v.t, elutriate, wash (powdered sub- 
stances); levigate; ^Mining) huddle. 

Srhlammfmw, n. washing tub or tank (for pre- 
cipitates, etc.); (Aftntngf) dolly tub. 

Schlkmmflasche, /. elutriating flask. 

SchUmmgefSss, n. elutriating vessel or reser- 

Schlamm^aw, n. elutriating glass. 

schlammig, a. muddy, sludgy, slimy, oozy. 

SehUimmkrelde,/. prepared chalk; whiting. 

Schlammpf&midien, n. iSaU) scum pan. 

Schlammachlkih, ScthlHmmBChlich, m. washed 
ore slime. 

Schlilmmtrlehter, m. elutriating funnel. 

Schl&mmnng, /. elutriating, etc. (see schlMltt- 

SchULmmvorrichtang, /. elutriating apparatus, 
washing apparatus. 

SchlKmmgyitnder, m. elutriating cylinder. 

schlang, pret. of schlingen. 

Sdilange,/. snake, serpent; (TeehJ) worm, coil; 
(water) hose 

Hchliingeln, v.r. wind, meander.^-sehl&ngelnd, 
p.a. sinuous, winding, serpentine. 

Schlangenholz, n. snakeweed. 

Schlangenkilhler, m. spiral (or coil) condenser. 

Schlangenrohr, n., Schiangenidhre, /. worm, 
spiral pipe (or tube), ooiL 

Schlangenst^n, m. ophite; serpentine. 

Schlangenwarzel,/. snakeroot. 

schlank, a. slender, slim. 

Scfalappe, /. defeat, reverse; slipper. 

Schlappermflch, /. curdled milk. 

Scfaii^phiit, m. douch hat. 

SchlaralTe, m. sluggard. 

schlaa, a. sly, cunning, sharp. 

Schlaach, m. tube, tubing, pipe (of flexible ma- 
terial), hose; skin (for holding something); 
drunkard; glutton. 

sdiiauchen, vU. iBretoing) hose, transfer (beer) 
or fill (casks) by means of hose or pipes. 

Schlauchstttck, n. tubing attactavient (part to 
which tubing may be attached) . 

schlecht, a. bad, ill, poor. — adv. badly, ill. 

schlechterdingB, adv. utterly, absolutely. 

schlechthin, adv. merely, plainly. 

schlechtweg, adv. >■ schlechthin. 

schleeken, seUeckeni, v.t. lick, lap. — v.i. be 




Schlegel, m. mallet, beater, (wooden) hammer; 

Sclilehe,/. sloe, 
schlsichen, v.i. slink, sneak; creep. — schleich- 

endes Gift, slow poison. 
Schlelcfacut, n. smuggled goods, contraband. 
ScMeichhandel, m. smuggling, illicit trade. 
Schleier, m. veil; lawn (the fabric); haze, 

slight cloudiness. 
Schleife,/. sledge; loop, knot; cravat. 
8chleircn,^.<. grind, sharpen, polish; cut (gems) ; 

drag, trail. — v.i. slip, slide. 
Schieifmaterial, n. abrasive. 
Schleifmittel, n. abrasive. 
SchleifpttlTer, n. grinding powder, polishing 

^ Schleifrad, n. grinding wheel, polbhing wheel. 
Schleifsel, n., SchleifsUub, m. grindings. 
Schleifstein, m. grinding stone, grindstone, 

Schleifstoff, to. (Paper) groimd pulp. 
Schieifung, /. grinding, etc. (see schleifen). 
8chlelm, m. slime; mucilage; mucus. 
schleimartig, a. slimy, glutinous; mucoid, 
schleimbildend, p.a, slime-forming; {Physiol.) 

Schleimdriisc, /. mucous gland. 
Schleimharz, n. gum resin. 
Schleimhaut, /. mucous membrane. 
schleimig, a. slimy, mucilaginous; mucous. — 

schleimige Garung, mucous, or viscous, 

Schlelmpilz, m. slime fungus, slime mold (Myxo- 

flchlelmsauer, a. of or combined with mudc 

acid, mucate of. 
Schleims&ure,/. mudc add. 
Schlehns off, m. mucin. 
Schlelmtier, n. mollusk. 
Schleimzellnlose, /. mucooellulose. 
Schleimzucker, m. levulose. 
Schleisse, /. splint, splinter. 
schleissen, v.t. slit; split; strip. 
Schlemm-. ^ Schlamm-. 
schlemmen, v.i. eat greedily; carouse, 
schlemmen* v.i. — schlammen. 
Schlempe, /. residual liquid from distillation of 

alcoholic liquors, vinasse, slops, spent wash. 
Schlempekohle, Schlempeasche, /. crude pot- 
ash from beet vinasse, salin. 
schlendem, v.i. saunter, stroll, loiter, 
fldilenkern, v.t. swing, sling, fling. 
Schleppe, /. irain, trail; (Paper) felt board; 

{Founding) truck, 
flchleppen, 0./. & i. drag, trail; tow. 
Schleppmtthle, /. drag mill, drag-stone mill. 
achlesisch, o. Silesian. 
Schlender,/. centrifuge; sling. 
SchleudermascUne,/. centrifugal machine, cen- 
trifugal (spedf ., hydro-extractor) ; catapult. 

8chleadern» v.t, centrifuge, hydro-«ztract; sling, 
fling, hurL — v.i. swing, roll; cut prices. 

schleiinig, a. speedy, hasty, quick, immediate.^ 
adv. speedily, etc 

Schleuse, /. sluice; sewer. 

Schlensengas, n. sewer gas. 

schllch, pret. of schleichen. 

Schlich, TO. byway; trick; {Metal.) slimes, 

Schlicharbeit,/. smelting of slimes. 

schllcht* a. smooth, even, sleek; (of files) fine; 
(of fabrics) plain; simple, homely. 

Schlichte,/. dressing; size (for fabrics) ; (Found- 
ing) black wash; {Plaaiering) skim coat, 
white coat. 

schlichtecht, a. fast to sizing. 

schlichten, v.t. smooth, plane, dress; sleek 
Geather, etc.); planish (metals); size (fab- 
rics); adjust, settle. 

Schlicht51, n. sizing oil. 

Schllchtwalze, /. finishing rolL 

Schlick, TO. slime, mud; {Metal.) schlich (ore 

Schlicker, to. {Ceramics) slip, slop; {MetaL) 

schlief, pret. of schlafen. 

schliefen, v.i. slip, creep. 

Schlieren, streaks (in glass and igneous 
rocks), schlieren. 

Schliesae,/. pin, peg, catch, anchor. 

schliessen, v.t. close; shut, lock; bind; em- 
brace; contract; conclude. — ir.t. close. 

geschlossene Kette, dosed chain; {Meeh.) 
endless chain. 

schliessllch, a. final, ultimate. — adv. finally. 

schliff, pret. of schledf en. 

Schliff, m. grinding, sharpening; smoothness, 
polish; grindings; cut (of a gem). 

Schliffstopfen, m. ground-in stopper. 

schlimm, a. bad; sad, severe, sore* ill. adv. 

badly, ill. 

Schling-. winding, twisting, (of plants) climb- 
ing; pertaining to swallowing or deglutition. 

Schllnge,/. loop, noose, slin^^ trap, snare. 

Schlingel, m. rascal, rogue. 

schlingen, v.t. wind, twine, twist; swallow, 

Schlippe'sches Salz. Schlippe's salt. 

schliss, pret. of schletssen. 

Schlltten, TO. sledge, sled, sleigh; truck; sliding 

Schlittschoh, to. skate. 

Schlltz, TO. slit, slot, fissure, deft. 

Schlitzbrenner, to. batswing burner. 

schlitzen, v.L slit, slot, slash, split, deave, rip. 

schloff, pret. of schliefen. 

schloss, pret. of schliessen. 

Schloss, n.lock; snap, dasp; castle, palace. 

Schlosse,/. hailstone. 

Schlosser, m. locksmith. 




ScUot, m., Sdilotto, /• flue, smokestaek; soil 

ScMotter, m. (SaU) aediment from boiling. 
schlottem, v.i. dangle, flap, hang loose, shake, 

Schlucht,/. ravine, gorge, 
sclilaehzen, o.i. sob; hiccup. 
scUucken, v.t. & t. swallow, gulp, 
schlag, preL of schlagen. 
Schlummer, m. slumber. 
Schlund* m. throat, phai^mz; gulf, chasm. 
Schlund— pharyngeal. 
Schlundkopf, m. upper pharynx. 
scUupfen, schlapfen, o.t. slip, slide. 
Schlupfloch* n. loophole. 
schliipfrig, a. slippery; lasdviods. — aciilllpftig 

machen, lubricate. 
Schlupfwinkel, m. lurking pjaee, haunt. 
schliirfen, v.t. sip, lap; (of pumps) suck air. 
Schluas, m. closing; <dose; conclusion. 
Schlttssel, m. key; screw driver or wrench; 

(Elee.) key, switch. 
Schitisselbein, n. collar bone, davide. 
SchllisselUiune, /. primrose. 
Schliisselband, n. & m. bunch of keys. 
Schlnssfoige, Schlnsafolgerang* /. conclusion, 

Schlosastein, m, keystone. 
ScUntte,/. alkekengi. 
schrn,, cMnrev. (schmelzend) melting; (schmilzt) 

Sclunach,/. disgrace; offense. 
schmachten, v.t. pine, yearn, 
sciimllchtig, a. slim, edight. 
Schmack, m. sumac. 

schmacken, vJ. treat with siunac, sumac 
sciunackhaft, a. palatable, savory. 
schmackieren, v.(. treat with sumac, sumac 
schmMlien, «.<. & t. slando*, invdgh. 
schmfthUcli, a. disgraceful, scandalous; vile. 
sehmal, a. narrow; slender; scanty. 
sclmdUen, v.t. scold. 
schm&lern, v.t. narrow, reduce, abridge 
Schmalseite,/. narrow side, edge. 
Schmalte, /. smalt. 
Schmalz, n. lard; melted fat. 
schmalzartig, a. lardaceous, lardy. 
SchmalzbuUer, /. melted butter. 
schmalasen, 8climiUzen,o.<. grease, lard. 
Schmaiz5l, n. lard oil; oleo oil. 
Schmand, Sdimant, m. slime, sludge; cream. 
SchmaroCzer, m. parasite. 
schmarotzeriach, a. parasitic 
Scbmatz, m smack, kiss. 
Schmanch, m. smoke. 
schmanchen, vA. & i. smoke. 
Srhmanw, m. feast, banquet. 
schmecken, «.f. & i. taste. 
Schmeer, m. >■ Schmer. 
schm^cheUiafl, a. flatterfaig, comidimentary. 

sdimeiclielii, «.{. flatter; coax. 

achmeiaseii, v.t. throw, fling, dash; deposit 

(insect eggs). 
Schmelx, m, enamd, glaze; fusion, mdting,mdt. 
Schmelzarbelt, /. smdting, smelting process; 

enameling, enameled work. 
Sclmielzarb<^ter,m. smelter; foimder; enameler. 
schmelzbar, a. fusible, meltable. 
Schmdzbarkeit,/. fusibility. 
Schmelzbian, n. smalt. 
Schmelzbatter, /. melted butter. 
SchmelsEe, /. melting, fusion; smelting; smdt- 

ery; fused mass, melt; (pUus) batch;- {Soda) 

ball; {Spinning) mill oil. 
■ehm^zen* v.t. melt, fuse; smelt; (teOweiae) ' 

frit. — 9.U mdt, fuse; smelt; ddiquescc— - 

geschmolzen, p.o. melted, fused, molten; 

Schmelzen^n. mdting, fusion; smelting. 
Schmelzer, m. melter; founder; smelter. 
Schmelzerei,/. smeltery; foimdry. 
Sdimelzerz, n. smelting ore. 
^chmelzfarbe, /. enamel color, vitrifiable pig- 
ment, majolica color. 
Schmefzfeuer, n. {Iron) refinery. 
Schmelzfluss, m. fused mass, melt. 
Schmelzglas, n. fusible glass; enamel. 
Schmelzglasar,/. enamol. 
Schmelzgut, n. material suitable for smelting, 

materia} to be smelted. 
Schmelzhafen, m. smelting pot. 
Schmelzherd, m. smelting hearth; smelting 

furnace; {Soda) front hearth of a black-ash 

Schmelzhitze,/. melting heat. 
Schmelzhtttte, /. smelting house or works, 

smeltery; foundry. 
Schmelzkessei, m. melting kettle or vessd; 

{Soda) caustic pan. 
Schmelzkniist, /. (art oO enameling; smelting. 
Sehmelzkunrey /. melting-point curve, fusion 

Sehmeldinle, /. line of fusion, fusion curve. 
Schmelzmalerei, /. enamel painting. 
Schmelzmittel, n. flux. 
Schmelzofen, m. melting furnace; smelting 

Schmel^erle, /. blowpipe bead; enamel bead, 

Schmelzpost, /. smelting charge, post. 
Schmelzprozess, m. melting or smelting process. 
Schmelzpunkt, m. melting point, fusing point. 
Schmeizpunktbeatimmiing, /. Aelting point 

Schmelzraum, m. {MefaL) hearth. 
Schmelzstahl, m. German sted, natural steel. 
Schmelztemperatar,/. fusing temperature. 
Schmelztieifel, m. crucible, melting pot. 
SchmekEtiekeldeckel, m. crucible cover; 

{Metal) '.ile. 


Sclunelzti^ellialter, m. crucible holder, 

Schmelztieg^zaiicey /. crucible tongs. 
Schmelztr^ifclien, n. blowpipe bead. 
Schmelziiiig, /. » Schmelzen. 
Schmelzwarme, /. beat of furion. 
Schmelzwo'k, n. smeltery; foundry; e*. <> 

flcliroelzwttrdig* a. suitable for smelting, V' ' -* .< 
Schmelzzeit* /. time of melting or . t ■ 

(Glaaa) journey. 
Schmelzzeug* n. smelting tools. 
Sehmelzzene, /. zone of fusion. 
Schmer, m. & n. fat, grease; suet. 
Schmergel, m. emery. 
Schmerz, m. pain; grief, sorrow. 
■chmerzhaft, a. painful; distressing. 
schmerzlos, a. painless. 
Schmerziosigkelt, /. painlessness. 
Schmetterling, m. butterfly; lint. 
Schmetterlingsbliitler, m. papilionaceous plant, 

fabaeeous plant (such as the bean, pea, etc.; 

not so wide a term as " leguminous plant "). 
■chmettem, v.t. dash, smash. — v.t. dang, ring, 

crash, blare. 
Schmidt, m. = Schmied. 
Sclunied, m. smith; blacksmith. 
schmiedbar, a. malleable, f orgeable. 
Schmiedbarkeit, /. malleability. 
Schmiede, /. forge, smithy. 
Schmiedearbeit^ /. forging, smithing. 
Schmiedeeisen, n. wrought iron; malleable iron, 
■chmiedeeisern, a. wrought-iron. 
Schmiedefeoer, n. smith's hearth, forge. 
Schmledeherd, m. forge; forge hearth. 
Schmiedeisen, n. = Schmiedeeisen. 
schmledeisem, a. wrought-iron. 
flchmieden, v.L forge, smith ; devise, concoct. — 

geschmiedetes Eisen, wrought iron, 
echmiegen, v.L bend; bevel. 
Bchmiegsam, a. flexible, pliant. 
Schmierbiichse, /. grease cup, oil cup, lubricator. 
Schmiere, /. greaae (for smearing or lubricating), 

smear; (for animals) dip. 
schmieren, v.t. grease, smear, anoint; lubricate, 

oil; spread (butter) ; butter (bread); scrawl; 

Schmlerfett, n. = Schmiere. 
Schmierfleck, m. grease spot. 
schmierig, a. greasy, smeary, oily; glutinous, 

viscous; dirty. 
Schmierkkse, m. cottage cheese, smearcase. 
Schmierleder*n. leather dressed with oil. 
Schmiermasse, /. (Mach.) lubricating ^aste. 
Schmiermittel, Schmiermaterial, n. lubricant; 

ointment, salve, liniment. 
SchmierftU n. lubricating oil. 
Schmierselfe, /. soft soap. 
Schmlerung, /. greasing, etc. (see schmieren). 
Schmierwolie, /. greasy wooL 



-n., ' Appr,t&S BinQ. of schmelien. 
.^ V '..: ike, /. (face) paint. 
- ' ti . ikmittel* n. eosmetic 
'^ikrot, n. rouge, 
ikweiast n. flake white, pearl white 
- c nitrate or ozychloride of bismuth), 
^'-hi t gel, m. emery. 
^''' ^ -gell^nen, n. emery doth. 
.-'.■ <r lein, vM rub with emery, enoery. 
." } . 1. gelpapler, n. emery paper. 
^ • h.r ^gelpnlvMr, n. emery powder. 
. <•.- igelscheibe,/. emery wheeL 
• '* m.: 9, pret, of schmeissoi.^ 

. i' len, v.t. pout, sulk. 
<^( ■". z, pret. of schmelzeiu - 
^ mi . en, 9.L & i, stew. 
bcitatuek, a. neat, trim, pretty, 
Schmack, m. ornament; jewelry; finery, 
sduniicken, vU. adorn, decorate, dress. 
Schmucksteln, m. gem, gem stone, 
schmnggein, v.L & t. smuggle, 
schmanzein, v.t. smirk, smfle. 
Schmnts, m. dirt, filth, smut. 
Schmntzdecke, /. a thin upper layer of sand 

in a filter bed. 
scfamntzig, a. dirty, sdled, filthy, smutty. 
Schmutzwolle, /. wool in the yolk. 
Schnabel, m. beak, bill; nozzle, nose, 
schnabelfttrmig, a. beak-shaped. 
Schnalle, /. budde, clasp, 
schnallen, vt. buckle. 
schnalzen, v.t. smack, duck, snap. 
Schnapdecke, /. extension (to the drum of a 

German made), 
schnappen, v.t. snap; gasp. 
Schnaps, m. spirits; dram, 
schnarchen, v.t. snore, 
schnattem, v.t. cackle; chatter. 
schnauben, v.t. & t. snort, puff, blow, 
schnaufen, v.t. wheeze, puff. 
Schnauze, /. snout, mouth; (Teeft.) nose, 

nozzle, spout. 
Schnecke,/. snail, dug; worm (of a still) ; endless 

screw; volute; spiral stairway; (AncU.) cochlea. 
schneckinfdrmig, a. spiral, he]i(»l. 
Schneckengang, m. auger; spiral walk; snail's 

Schneckengewlnde, n. hdix. 
Schneckenklee, m. snail dover {Medieago sp.). 
Schnee, m. snow. 
Schneeflocke, /. snowflake. 
Schneegips, m. rniowy (foliated) gypsum. 
Schneeglftckchen, n. snowdrop. 
Schneegrenze, /. snow line. 
Schneewehe, /. snowdrift. 
Schnee weIss, n. snow white (zinc white). 
Schnelde, /. knife edge; edge; keenness. 
Schneldemaschine, /. cutting machine. 
schnelden, v.t. cut; saw; prune; adulterate; 

gripe. — v.t. cut, carve. 

. •-- 





Schneider, m. cutter; taflor. 

schneidig, a. sharp; keen, plucky. 

schneien, v.i. snow. 

fichnell, a. fast, rapid, quick, sudden. — adv, 

quickly, rapidly. 
Schnellbinder, m. quick-setting cement. 
Sclmellbleiche, /. quick bleaching, chemical 

schneUen, v.u spring, snap. — 9.t. let fly, fling; 

Sehnellefleig, m. quick vinegar. 
Schnellessigbereitang,/. quick vinegar process, 
schnellflttssig, a. easily fusible. 
Schnellgilnuig,/. quick (or accderated) fermen- 
Schnelligk^t, /. rapidity, 'quickness, speed, 

Schnellkralt,/. elasticity. 
schneUkrMfltig, a. elastic. 
Schnellloty Schndlot, n. soft sdder; fusible 

Schnellphotographie, /. instantaneous photog- 
raphy or photograph. 
Schnellprobe, /. rapid test. 
SchnellrSste, /. quick retting, chemical retting. 
Schneiischrift, /. shorthand, stenography. 
schnelltrocknend, p.a. quiclc-drying, siccative. 
SchneUzug, m, fast train, express train. 
Schnellziinder, m. quick match. 
Schnepfe, /. snipe; woodcock. 
Schne^e, /. spout, snout, nozzle, lip. 
Bchnenzen, v.t, blow (the nose) ; snuff (a candle). 
schnippisch, a. pert, saucy, 
flchnitt, pret. of schneiden. 
Schnltt, m. cut; cutting, indsion; section; slice; 

edge (of a book) ; (surgical) operation; crop. 
Schnittbrenner, m. slit burner, batswing burner. 
Scimitte,/. cut, slice; sulfur match (for casks); 

chop; steak. 
Schnitter, m. reaper, mower, com cutter. 
Schnlttfl&che, /. surface of a cut or section, 

sectional plane, section. 
Schnitthols, n. sawed timber. 
Schnhtlaucli, m. chive. 
Schnittlinie, /. line of section or intersection. 
Schnhtponkt* m. point of intersection. 
Scfanlttwaren, f.pU draper's goods, dry goods. 
Sdmitz, m. cut, slice, chip, cutlet. 
Schnitzel, n. slice, chip, clipping, snipping, 

shred, scrap: cutlet. 
Schnltzelmascliine,/. slicing machine, slicer (as 

for sugar beets), shredding machine. 
schnitzeln, schnitzen, v,t. & t. cut, carve, chip, 

Schnltzer, m. cutter, carver; blunder, 
schnttde, a. base, contemptible; contemptuous. 
SchnttrkeU m. scroll, flourish. 
sdmOfTeln, v.t. sniff ; snuffle; pry. 
Schnnpfen, m. cold, catarrh. 
Schnapflabak, m. snuff. 

sduinppem, v.i. snuffle, sniff. 

Schnur, /. string, co>d, line, twine, tape, band. 

schnliren, v.L tie up, string, lace, strap, constrict. 

Schniirkolben, m. a flask with neck constricted 
at the top. 

Sehnorrbart, m. mustache. 

Schnorre,/. rattle; joke, story. 

schnurren, v.i. buzz, hum, whir, whiz, purr; fib. 

schnarrig, a. funny, droll. 

schob, pref. of schieben. 

schobem, v.L pile, stack. 

Schock, n. sixty. 

Schofel, m. trash, refuse. 

Schokolade, /. chocolate. 

Schokoiadentafel, /. cake of chocolate. 

Scholle, /. dod; soil; flounder. 

Schmikraut, n. celandine. 

schon, adv. already; yet, since, ever, now, duly; 
indeed, surely, no doubt, to be sure; merdy, 
alone; even. 

schSn, a. beautiful, handsome, fine, lovdy. 

SchSne, /. fining, isinglass; fair one. 

schonen* v.L & t. spare, save, protect, care for. 

schfinen, v.t, fine, clarify, dear; gloss; brighten 
(colors); beautify. 

Schonfarber, m. garment dyer, dyer in fine 

SchdnfUrberei, /. garment dyeing. 

SchSngriin, n. Paris green. 

Schdnheit,/. beauty; fineness. 

Schonheltsmittel, n. cosmetic. 

Schfinheltewasser, n. beauty wash, liquid cos- 

schonongalos, a. uniq>aring, pitiless. 

Schdnnngsmittei, n. fining agent, fining; (for 
colors) brightening agent. 

Schopf, m. tuft; (head of) hair; (tree) top. 

Schopfbiitte, /. (Paper) pulp vat, stuff vat. 

sdittpfen, V.L draw (liquids, air, oontainere); 
scoop, dip, bale, ladle. 

Schopfer, m. drawer (of water, etc), dippw, 
scoop, ladle, bucket; creator, maker, author, 

Schftpfg^Sas, n. scoop, dipper, ladle, bucket. 

Schdi^erd, m. casting crudble (of a furnace). 

Schdpfkeile, /., Schdpflttffel, m. scoop, ladle. 

SchSpfrad, n. bucket wheel. 

SchSpfrahinen, m. (Paper) deckle. 

Schttpfnng, /. creation. 

Schtfps, tit. wether; mutton; simpleton. 

Schdpsenfleisch, n. mutton. 

Schdpsentalg, m. mutton tallow, (Phanu) pre- 
pared suet. 

schor, pret. of scheren. 

Schorf, m. scurf; scab. 

SchOrl, m. schorl. 

Schorlit, m. pycnite (variety of topaz). 

Schomstein, m. chimney, stack, flue. 

schoss, pret. of schiessen. 

Schoss, m. lap; womb; (coat) tails; shoot, sprig. 




SdMMflgeriiine, n. ebumd. trough. 
SchannHng, m. shoot, sprout, Budnr. 
Schote, /. pod, shell, husk. 
Schotendom* m. acacia; black locust. 
Schotengewftchse, n. leguminous plants. 
Schotenpfeffer, m. red pepper, capsicum. 
Schotenpflanze, /. legtuninous plant. 
Schotter, m. broken stone, macadam, 
aehottisch, a. Scotch. 
•ehraffieren, v.L (in drawings, etc.) shade, 

hatch, line, 
•ehiiig, a. oblique, sloping, slanting, indined, 

Sehrilge, /. slant, dope, beveL 
schrak, preL of schrecken. 
Schramme,/. scratch, dadi; scar, dcatriz. 
aehrammen, v.t, scratdi, score, dash, scar. 
Schrank, m. cabinet, case, press, cupboard, 

doset, safe. 
Schranke, /. bar, barrier; bound, limit. — indie 

Sdiranken treten, enter Uie lists, 
aehr&nken, v.t. put across, cross. 
Bchriinkweise, adv. crosswise. 
Schraper, m., Schrape, /. scraper; tracer. 
Schranbe, /. screw. 
achranben, v.t. screw; banter, mock. 
Sdiranbenbohrer, m. screw tap; screw auger; 

twist drill. 
Schraubendreher, m. screw driver; wrench. 
Schraubenfeder, /. helical spring.. 
achraubenfSrmig, a. screw-«haped, spiral, hd- 

Schranbenlinle, /. helical line. 
Scfaranbenmutter,/. nut, female screw. 
Schraobenpresse, /. screw press, fly press. 
Schraubenquetschhahn, m. screw pinchcock. 
SchranbenschlilMelt m. screw wrench, nut 

Schraubenstock, m. vise. 
Schraubenzieher, m. screw driver. 
Schranbstock, m. vise. 
Schraubzwinge, /. screw damp. 
Schreck, in..fright, terror. 
schrecken, v.t. chiU; frighten. — v.t. be afraid. 
Schrecken, m. fright, terror, horror. 
flchrecldich, a. frightful, terrible, awful. 
Schrei, m. cry, shriek, shout; bloom, cake (of 

Schreibarty /. mode of writing; style; spelling. 
0chrelben« v4. & t. write; (of instruments) record. 
SchreibfedCT, /. (writing) pen. 
Sdureibkies, m. marcadte. 
Sehreibmaschlne, /. typewriter. 
Schreibmaterialien, /. writing materials, sta- 
Schreibpapler, n. writing paper. 
Schreibdnte, /. writing ink. 
Schrelbwdae, /. manner of writing. 
■chrelen, v.i. cry, shout, scream, shriek, bray. — 

achreioBd* pxi. (of edors) loud. 

SchreieB, n. crying, etc (see schreien) ; (of tin) 

Schrdn, m. ease, cabinet, chest, casket. 

achreiten* v.i. step, stride; proceed. 

scluie, preL of schreien. 

schrleb, preL at schrdben. 

Schrift, /. writing; characters; type; paper, 

Schrifkabsatz, m. paragraph. 
Schriflerz, n. sylvanite. 
Schriflflllirer» m. secretary. 
Schriftgiessery m. type founder. 
Schrlftgieflsermetall, n. tyiie metal. 
Scluif tgold, n. s^vanite. 
Schrilltgranit, m. graphic granite. 
Schriftgnsa, m. type founding. 
SchriftJaspiB, m. jasper opaL 
Schrlflleiter, m. editor. 
sehrifUidi, a. written, in writing. 
Schrifkmalerd, /. lettering. 
Schrlflmetall, n. type metaL 
Sehriftmutter, /. type mdd, matrix. 
Schriftsetzer, m. typesetter, compodtor. 
Schriftsteln, m. graphic granite. 
SchriftsteUer, m. writer, author. 
SchrifUellnr, n. graphic tellurium (vylvanite). 
Schriftzeichen, n. character, letter. 
Sciurifkzeng, n. type metal. 
Schriftzug, tn, (written) character; flourish. 
schritt, preL of schreiten. 
Sduritt, m. step; stride; pace, 
schrittweise, ado. step by step, 
sehrob, preL of schrauben. 
schroff, a. rough, harsh; steep, abrupt; gruff, 
schrttpfen, vM cup; scarify. 
Schrot, n. & m. cut, piece, block, dipping; 

small shot; groats; sdvage; due wdght (of 

a coin) ; plumb bob; (Briwing) grist. 
schroton, v.t. cut in pieces, chip, dip; bruise, 

rough-grind; shoot (casks); gobble (food). 
SchrtftOT, m. handler of barrels; woodcutter; 

stag beetle. 
Schrotfabrik, /. shot factory. 
SchrStling, m. piece, cutting; {MinHTtg) blank, 

Schrotmehl, n. coarse* meal. 
Schrotmetall, n. shot metal. 
Schrotmtthle, /. grist mill, bruising mill; malt 

flchmbben, 94, scrub, scour. 
Schrubber, m. scrubber. 

schrtten, vU. give the biscuit baking to (porce- 
achrumpfen, vJ. & i. shrink, contract, shrivd. — 

itohnunpfend, p.a. astringent. 
Schmmpfmasa, n. (amount of) shrinkage, 

SchrumpAing, /. shrinking, contraction, ahriv- 




Sdrab, m. shove, push; thrust; throw; (Bal- 
ing) batch. 

Schnbfach, n. drawer. 

Schubfensteft n. sash window, sash. 

Schubknrbel,/. (Maeh,) erank. 

Skhnblade, /. drawer. 

Schnblehre, Schnbleere, /. sliding gage, slide 

schnbweise* adv. by shoves, by thrusts; in 
batches; gradually. 

flchiichtem, a. shy, coy, timid. 

schuf, preU of schafFen. 

schnften, v.i. drudge, toil. 

Schuh, m. shoe. 

Schnhriemen, m. shoestring, shoe lace. 

Schnbschwftrze, Schuhwichse, /. shoe blacking. 

Schnld, /. debt; fault, blame; guilt; crime. 

Scfanidbnch, n. ledger, account book. 

schnlden, v.L owe. 

scfanldi^y a. guilty, at fault; indebted, owing; 
due. , 

Schuldigkdt, /. duty, obligation, debt. 

Scholdner, m. debtor. 

Schnle, /. school. 

Schiller, m. scholar, pupiL 

Schulter,/. shoulder. 

schund, pret. of schinden. 

Schnnd, m. refuse, offal, rubbish. 

Schttppchen, n. little scfde, flake. 

Schappe, /. scale. 

Schiippe, /. shovel, sooop. 

schnppen, v.t, & r. scale, scale off, desquamate. 

Schnppen, m. carriage house, shed. 

schfippenartig, a. scaly, squamouf . 

Schnppengl&tte, /. flake litharge. 

Schappenstein, m. lepidolite. 

schnppig, a. scaly, flaky, squamous. 

Schuppigkeit, /. sexiness. ' 

Schur,/. shearing; fleece; annoyance. 

Schiirbel, m. » Schirbel. 

Schiireisen, i». poker, fire book, fire iron. 

schiiren, v.U stir, poke, stoke (fire). 

schiirfen, v.L scratch, scrape; open (a mine). — 
v.i. prospect. 

Sehiiriiaken, m. = Schfireisen. 

schnridsch, a. rascally. 

Schiirloch, n, stoke hole, fire hole. 

Schorz, m., Sehttrae, /. apron. 

schOrzen, v.t. tie; tuck up, gird up. 

Schuss, m. shot; blast; diarge; shoot, shoots 
ing, weft (of fabrics); iBaking) batch. 

Schllfisel, /. dish. 

Schilsselasinn, n. pewter. 

Schnssweite, /. range. 

Schuster, m. shoemaker; cobbler. 

Schusterpech, n. shoemaker's wax. 

Sdratt, m. rubbish, refuse. 

sdifttteln, 9.^ shake, a^tate, chum. 

Schflttelwerk, n. shaking mechanism or ap- 


SchtttteUjrliiider, ml shaking cylinder (stop- 
pered cylinder). 

8chflt(en, v.t, pour, shed; (Mining, etc.) yield. 

Schlittloch, n. feed hole. 

Schttttnng, /. pouring, etc. (see schtttten) ; bot- 
toming (for roads); (Brewing) extract-yield- 
ing materials. 

Schutz, m, protection, defense, shdter, screen. 

Schutz-. protecting, protective, guard, preserving 

Schntzbeize, /. iCdlieo) resist, reserve. 

Sdratzbeizendmck, m. resist style. 

Schutzbrllle, /. protecting spectacles, goggles. 

Schutzdeck^, /. protective cover or coating. 

schtitzen, v.t. protect, guard, defend, sbdter. 

Schntzengel, m. guardian angel. 

Schiitzenschaft, /. rifle club. 

Schutzhttlle, /. protective covering. 

Sehutzlmpftang, /. protective inoculation, vac- 

Schotzkappe, /. protecting cap. 

SchutzkoUold, n. protective colloid. 

Schutzkraf t, /. protective power. 

Sehfitzling, m. prot6g6, charge. 

schntzlbs, a. unprotected. 

Schutzmann, m. policeman. 

Schntzmantel, m. protecting jacket (or case). 

Schotzmarke, /. trademark. 

Schntzmaake, /. protecting mask, face guard. 

Schutzmasse, /. (Calico) resist. 

Schutzmlttel, n. preservative; preventive, pro- 
phylactic; (JJalico) resist. 

Schutzpapp, m. = Schutzbeize. 

Schntzpockengift, n. vaccine virus. 

Schutzring, m. guard ring. 

Schutzsalddeung, /. protective salt solution 
(as for gas masks). 

Schntzschicht, /. protective layer. 

Schutzstoff, m. protective material. 

Schutztrichter, m. protecting f unn^ (see Ablauf- 

Schntzvorrlchtang, /. protecting device, pro- 
tective contrivance. 

Schutzwiderstand, ■ m. (Elee.) protective re- 

Schntzwirknng,/. protective effect. 

Sehutzzoil, m. protective duty. 

schwach, a. weak; feeble, faint, low, dim, thin, 

Stchw&che, /. weakness, etc. (see schwach). 

schwftchen, v.t. weaken; enfeeble, impair; ten- 
der (fibers); seduce. 

schwachsiluerUch, a. weakly acid. 

schwachsiedend, p.a. gently boiling, simmering. 

Schwftchung,/. weakening, etc. (seeschwftchen). 

Schwttchungsmlttel, n. depressant. 

Schwaden, m. suffocating vapor or exhalation, 
damp; specif., choke damp; swath. — fen- 
riger Schwaden, fire damp. 

Schwadenfang, m. hood; ventilator. 

Schwager, m. brother-in4aw. 




Schwalbe, /. swallow. 

Schwalbenwiirz» /. swallowwort; (PAarm.) 

Sehwall, m. swell, flood, throng. 

schwamm, pret. of schwimmen. 

Schwamm, m. sponge; mushroom; fimgus; 
tinder; (Zinc) tutty; mass, lot. 

schwammartig, a, sponge-like, spongy ; fungous. 
t Schwammfilter, n. sponge filter. 

Schwammgift, n. mushroom poison, muscarine. 

Schwammholz, n. spongy wood, decayed 

Bchwammig, a, spongy, porous; (of paper) 

Schwammkapfer, n. spongy copper, copper 

Schwammstoff, m. fungin. 

Schwan, m. swan. 

schwand, pret. of schwinden. 

Schwand, m. shrinkage, etc. (see schwinden). 

schwang, pret, of schwingen. 

Schwang, m. swing; vogue. 

schwanger, a. pregnant. 

schwangern, v.L impregnate. 

Schwangerschaft,/. pregnancy. 

Schwftngerung, /. impregnation. 

schwank, a. flexil])le; slender; wavering. 

schwanken, v.u fluctuate, oscillate; vary; 
shake, rock, reel; hesitate, waver. — schwan- 
kend, p.a. unsettled, unsteady, uncertain. 

Schwankung, /. fluctuation, etc. (see schwan- 

Schwanz, m. tail; train. 

Schwanaser, m. truant, shirk. 

Schwanzhahn, m. stopcock with an outlet thru 
the end of the key. 

Schwanzstem, m. comet. 

schwaren* v.i. fester, suppurate. 

Sch^arm» m. swarm, crowd, throng; (Baet.) 

sehw&rmen, v.i. swarm; wander; revel; day- 
dream; rave. 

Schwarmer, w. rover; reveler; visionary; en- 
thusiast; (Zool.) sphinx; firecracker, serpent. 

Schwarte, /. rind, skin, crust, covering, scalp. 

schwarz, a. black; dark, swarthy. — schwarz 
llegen, (of beer, etc.) be settled, be clear. — 
schwarzes Wasser, iPharm.) black mercurial 

Schwarz, n. black; blackness. 

Schwarzbeize, /. {Dyeing) black liquor, iron 

■chwarzblau, a. very dark blue. 

Schwarzbledi» n. black plate (untinned iron 

Schwarzblei, n. black lead (graphite). 

Schwarzbleierz, n. black lead spar (carbonifer- 
ous cerussite). 

Schwarzbrannstein, m. psilom^ane. 

schwarzbriicliig, a. {Metal.) black-short. 

SchwilnEe» /• black; blacking; printer's ink; 
blackness; swarthiness. 

flchwllrzen, v.t. blacken, black. 

Schwanii&rber* m. dyer in bladk. 

schwarzgar, a. black-tanned. 

schwarzgebrannty p.a. {MetaL) kishy. 

Schwarzgttltigerz. n. stephanite; polybasite. 

SchwarzkUmmel, m. nutmeg flower {NigeUa 

Schwarzkapfer, n. black copper, coarse 

Schwarzkupfererz, m. melaoonite. 

schw&rzlich, a. blackish. ^^ 

Sehwarzmanganerz, n. hausmannite. 

Schwarzpech, n. black pitch, common pitch. 

Schwar^ulver, n. black powder. 

Schwarzsclimelz, m. black enamel. 

Schwarzseher, m. pessimist. 

SchwarzsUbererz, n. black silver (stephanite). 

Schwarzspiessglanzerz, n. boiu^ionite. 

Schwarzvitriol, m. black vitriol (impure f^rous 

Schwarzwurz, /. {Pharm.) Symphytum. 

Schwarzzlnkerz, n. f ranklinite. 

schwatzen, v.i. babble, chatter. 

Schwebe, /. suspension; suspense; sling; sus- 

schweben, v.i. hang, hover, float, be suspended, 
be pending. — schwebend, p.a. suspended, 
in suspension, hanging, floating. 

Schwebestoir, m. suspended substance (or 

schwedisch, a. Swedish. — schwedisches Grun, 
Swedish green (Scheele's green). — schwed- 
isches Hfilzlhen, n. safety match. ' 

schweel-. See schwel-. 

Schwefel, m. sulfur. 

Schwefel-. of sulfur, sulfur, sulfuric, sulfide of, 
thio-, sulf 0-. 

Schwefelaikali, n. alkali sulfide. 

Schwefelalkohol, m. old name for carbon disul- 

Schwefeiammonium, Schwei 
moniiun sulfide. 

Schwefelantimon, n. antimon 

achwefelantimonsauer, a. of c or.Min*^ 
thioantimonic acid, thioant'i.'r»r.a!e 

Schwefelantlmonsiiure, /. thiou iiinionv 
sulfantimonic acid. 

Schwefelarsen, Schwefelarsenii . ,.. s-.n 
fide of arsenic. 

schwefelarsenig, a. thioarsenioit^. -tuU - ■ >• 

Schwefelarsensftore, /. thioarse.ic r .1. 
senic acid. 

Sdiwefelart, /. kind or variety ol i. ■! r 

schwefelartig, a. sulfurous, sulfi.1- -<.... 

Schwefel&ther, m. sulfuric ether « j; v' 

Schwefelbad, n. sulfur bath. 

Schwefetbaryum, n. barium sulfi' 

Schwefelbestlmmnng, /. sulfur c .1 r 






SdiwefdlMaiuKiire, /. sulfoeyanie add, thio- 

Schwefelblei, n. lead sulfide. 
Schwefelbhuneiiy SchwrfelUtitexi», flowen 

of sulfur. 
Schwefelbrennofoi, m. sulfur kiln. 
Sehwefelbromlir, n. sulfur monobromide. 
Schwefelbrot, n. loaf of sulfur. 
Schwefelcadmiom, n. cadmium sulfide. 
Schwefelcalcium, n. calcium sulfide. 
Schwefel<4ilorid, n. sulfur chloride, spedf., sul- 
fur dichloride, SCb. 
Sehwefelchlofflr, n. sulfur monochloride (SsCls). 
Schwefeldhrom, n. chromium sulfide. 
Schwefelcyan, n. thiocyanogen, sulfocyanogen; 

cyanogen sulfide. 
Schwefelcyananimonium, n. ammonium thio- 

cyanate (or sulfocyanate). 
Schwefdeyankaliom, n. potassium thioeyanate 

(or sulfocyanate). 
Schwefdcyanmetally n. metallic thioeyanate 

(or sulfocyanate). 
Schwefelcyansftore, /. thiocyanic add, sulfo- 
eyanie add. 
Schwefdcyanwasserstoffsllare, /. thiocyanic 

add, sulfoeyanie add. 
SchweTeldampf, m. sulfur vapor. 
Schwefddioxyd, n. sufur dioxide. 
schwefdecht, a. {Dyeing) fast to stoving, fast 

to sulfurous add. 
Schwefddsen, n. iron (usually ferrous) sulfide. 
Schwefelerz, n. sulfur ore. 
Schwefelfarbe, /. sulfur color. 
Schwefelfarbs^ff, m. sulfur dye. 
Schwefdform,' /. moM for sulfur, brimstone 

mold. f 

SchwefeigalUiiiii, n. gallium sulfide. 
Schwefdgehal^ m. siilfur content. 
schwefdgelb, a. sulfur-yellow. 
Schwefdgerltmg, /. sulfur tannage. 
Scfaweft^ersanium, n. germanium sulfide. 
Schwefepd^n. gold sulfide. 
Scbwefwmbe, 9. sulfur pit, sulfur mine. 
Schwefnalogen, n. sulfur halide. 
schwefeOv^tigf a. containing sulfur, sulfurous. 
Schwefelhanustoir, m. thiourea. 
SdiwefeIhdlzchen,Schwefelholz, n. sulfur match. 
Schwefelhfitte, /. sulfur refinery. 
schwefellg, a. = schweflig. 
Schwefelindiam, n. indium sulfide. 
SchwefetJodQr, n. sulfur moniodide. 
Schwefdkadminm, n. cadmium sulfide. 
SchwefdkaUum, n. potaadum sulfide. 
Schwefelkalztiim, n. caldum sulfide. 
Sdiwefelkamma', /. sulfur chamber, sulfuring 

room, sulfur stove. 
SchwefelkarboliAiire, /. sulfocarbolic add. 
Schwefdldes, m. iron pyrites. — gemeiner 

Schwefelkies, pyrite. — prismatisdier Sehwef- 

dUea, marcadte. 

Schwefelkobalt, m. cobalt sulfide. 
SchwefdkoUensftore, /. sulf ocarbonic add (tri- 

thiocarbonie add, H2CS8). 
Schwefdkohlenstoff, m.' carbon disulfide. 
Schwefelkolben, m. retort 'for distilling 

Schwefelkuchen, m. cake of sulfur. 
Schwefelkapfer, n. copper sulfide. 
Schwefellatwerge, /. {Pharm.) confection of y 

Schwefeil&aterofen, m. sulfur refining furnace. 
Schwefelleber, /. liver of sulfur, hepar. 
Schwefelmagnedum, n. magnaedum sulfide. 
Schwefeimangan, n. manganese sulfide. 
Schwefelmetall, n. metallic sulfide, v 
Schwefelmilch, /. milk of sulfur. 
SchwefelmolybdJin, n. molybdenum sulfide. 
schwefdn, v.t, sulfurize, sulfurate, sulfur. 
Schwefeliiatrium, Sehwefelnatron, n. sodium 

Schwefeinickel, m. nickel sulfide. 
Schwefelniederschlag, m. predpitate of sulfur, 

predpitated sulfur. 
Schwefelofen, m, sulfur burner. 
Schwefdoxyd, n. (any) sulfur oxide. 
Schwefelphosphor, m. (any) phosphorus sulfide. 
Schwefelquecksilber, n, mercury sulfide. 
Schwefelquelle, /. sulfur spring. 
Schwefelr&acherung, /. sulfur fumigation. 
Schwefdsalz, n. sulfur salt, thio salt, sulfo salt; 

schwefelsauer, a, of or combined with sulfuric 

add, sulfate of. *» ^ 

Schwefelsi&are, /. sulfuric add. 
Sohwefelsanreanhydrid, n. sulfuric anhydride, 

sulfur trioxide. 
Schwefelsanrefabrikation, /. manufacture of 

sulfuric add 
Schwefeisiinrekammer,/. sulfuric add chamber 
Schwefdschlacke, /. sulfur dross. 
Schwefeischwarz, n. siilfur black. 
Schwelelsliber, n. silver sulfide. 
Schwefeispiessglanz, m. stibnite. 
Schwefelstange, /. roll of sulfur. 
Schwefdstttck, n. piece of sulfur. 
SchwefdthalUam, n. thallium sulfide. 
Schwefdtonerde, /. aluminium sulfide. 
Schwefelung, /. sulfurization, sulfuring. 
Schwefelverbindiuig, /. sulfur compound. 
Schwefdwasser, n. sulfur water. 
Schwefdwaaserstoff, m. hydrogen sulfide. 
Schwefdwasserstoffrest, m. hydrogen sulfide 

residue, sulfhydryl, SH'. 
Schwefdwasserstoffs&are, /. hydrosulf uric add 

Schwefdwdnfiftnre, /. sulphovinic add (old 

name for ethylsulfuric add). 
Schwefeiwerk, n. sulfur refinery. 
Schwefdwismut, n. bismuth siilfide. 
Schwefddnk, m. & n. sdnc sulfide. 




Scfawefelzinkweifls, n. lithopone, zincolith (a | 
pigment containing chiefly zinc sulfide). 

Sdiwefelxinn, n. tin sulfide. 

Schwefeizyan-. See Schwefelcyan-. 

schweflig, a. sulfurous. — schweflige Slnre, 
sulfurous acid. 

sehwefligsaner, a. of or combined with sulfurous 
add, sulfite of. 

Schweflig^ure, /. sulfurous add. 

Sehwefligsftoreanhydrid^n. sulfurous anhydride, 
sulfur dioxide. 

Schwefligaiiiiregas, n. sulfur dioxide. 

Schweffigsaorewaaser, n. aqueous sulfurous 

Schweif, m. tail; warp (of fabrics). 

achweffen, v.L curve; chamfer; rinse; taiL — 
r.t. stray, ramble. 

Schweifiuig, /. curve, rounding, swell. 

schweigen, v.i. be silent, hush. 

Schweigen, n. silence. 

schweigsam, a. silent; tadtum, reserved. 

Sdiwein, n. hog, pig, swine. 

Schweinbrot, n. = Erdbrot. 

Sehwelnefett, n. hog fat, lard. 

Schweinefleisch, n. pork. 

Sehweineschmalz, Schweineschmer, n. lard. 

Schweinigel, m. hedgehog; filthy fellow. 

Schweinshaut, /. hogskin, pigskin. 

Schweinsleder, n. hogskin, pigskin Geather). 

Schweiss, m. sweat, perspiration. 

Schweiss-. welding, weld; sweat, sweaty, sudo- 

Schweissarbeit,/. welding. 

schweissbar, a. weldable, welding. 

flchweiasberttrdemd, p.a. sudorific, diaphoretic 

schweissecht, a. fast to perspiration. 

Schweiflseisen, n. weld iron. 

flchweissen, v.t. weld. — v.i. begin to melt; (of 
liquids) leak. 

Schweissen, n. welding. 

Schwelsser, m. welder. 

Bchweiaserregend, p.a. = sehweissbefdrdend. 

Schweissfehler, m. defect in welding. 

Sdiweissflttssigkeit,/. sweat. 

sehwelssgewaschen, p.a. (of wool) washed in 
the grease. 

Sehweisshltze, /. welding heat. 

Schweissloch, n. sweat pore. 

Sehwelaamlttel, n. sudorific, diaphoretic. 

Schwelssnaht, /. weld seam. 

Schweissofen, m. wdding furnace, reheating* 

Sehweissprozeas, m. welding process. 

Schweis8|nilver» n, wdding powder; diaphox^ 
etic powder. 

Sdiweisflselimlededaen, n. wdd iron (as dis- 
tinguished from weld sted). 

SchwdtMwtahl, m. wdd steel. 

Schweissstelle, /. place where metal is welded, 

■chwi iiirti libwid, pM. as aehwdasbef Ordemd. 

Schweiasoiig, /. wdding, wdd. 

Schweiaswalzen, f.pL roughing roEs. 

■cfawc faB w arm , a. wdding-hot. 

Schwdsawftrme, /. welding heat. 

SchweisswoUe, /. wool containing auint, wod 
in the yolk. 

Schwelz, /. Switzerland. 

Schwelzer, m. Swiss. 

Schweizerklae, m. Swiss cheese. 

SchwdbnumkoUe, /. » Schwelkohle, 

schwdchen, v.L {Brewing) wither, aixHlry. 

Schwddunalz, n. withered (air-dried) malt. 

sdiwden, vjL & t. bum dowly, smolder, distil 

■cfawdgen, v.t. carouse, revd. 

schwdken, vJ. » schwelchen. 

SchwdkoMe, /. (literaUy, coal for distillation) 
a kind of lignite rich in volatile matter. 

schweilbar, a. capable of swelling. 

Schwellbeixe, /. (LeaUter) swdling liquor. 

Sdiwelle, /. sill, threshold; beam, fUeeper; 

schwellen, 9.L & i. swdl, distend; iLealher) 

Schwel^ewebe, n. (AntU.) erectile tissue. 

Schwdlkttrper, m. (AruiL) corptis cavemosum. 

Schwellkri^t, /. {Leather) plumping power. 

Schwdlmlttel, n. {LeaJther) plumping agent. 

Schweilung, /. swelling, tumdaetion. 

Schwdretorte, /. retort for coal or tar distilla- 

. ,tion. 

Schwemme, /. watering; '?Btte)|^ place. 

schwemmen, v.i. water; wash; float; deposit. 

schwenken, v.t. swing, flDurish,|wave; rinse. — 
v.t. whed about. f 

flchwer, a. heavy; difficult, iUdrd, severe. — 
adv. heavily, difficultly, etc. — Adiweres Wein- 
51, see WeinOl. ^ 

Schwerbleierz, n. plattnerite. 

Schwere, /. heaviness, wdght; ftnypty; dif- 
ficulty, hardness. « 

Schweremeaser, m. barometew 

Sdiwererde, /. heavy earth, ban^ta (MskO). 

schwererloslich, a. more difficulWy j^ible. 

schwerf&IIlg, a. dumsy, heavy, dull, slack. 

schwerflitichtig, a. difficultly volatile, not easily 

Schwerflttchtlgkelt, /. difficult volatility. 

schwerfliisdg, a. difficultly fumble, refrac- 

Schwerflttadgkeit, /. difficult fusibility, refrac- 

Schwerfrucht, /. heavy grain (as wheat, xye). 

schwerliSrig, a. hard of hearing. 

Stehwerkraft,/. force of gravity. 

Schwerleder, n. sole leather. 

schwerllch, adv. hardly, scarcdy, di0eultly. 

■chwerlddich, a. difficultly soluble, dightly sol- 




Schwennetall, n. heavy xnetaL 
Schwermnt*/. melancholy. 
SchwerSi, n. heavy oil. 
Sdiwerpoiikt* m. eenter of gravity. 
Schwerachwan, n. (Dyetng) weighted blaek. 
Schwerafiat* m. heavy spar, barite. 
Schwerstein, m. seheelite. 
Schwert* n. sword. 
Sdiwertantalerz, n. tantalite. 
Schwertlille, /. iris, fleur-de-lis. 
schwerwlegend, pui. weighty, serious. 
Schweeter, /. sister. 
Bchwieg, preL of schweigen. 
SchwiegermuUer, /. mother-in-law. 
Sdiwlele,/. callosity; wale, welt. 
sehwiellg, a. callous, homy; waled. 
flchwierig, a. hard, difficult; fastidious. 
Schwierigkeit, /. difficulty, obstacle. 
schwiert, pr. 8 nng» of schwilren. 
schwillt, pr. 8 nng. of schwellen. 
Schwimmblase,/. air bladder, sound. 
0chwimmen, «.t. swim; float. 
Schwimmer, tn. float; swimmer. 
Schwimmfeder, Schwlmmfloese, /. fin. 
Schwimmgerste* /. iBrmnng) float bailey, 

Schwimmkiesei, m. floatstone. 
Schwimmktf rper, m. swimming or floating body, 

Schwfanmkraft, /. buoyancy. 
Sehwimmmethode, /. flotation method. 
.Schwin^^^^^^^^^^|U, swindle; kit, lot. 
achwln^^^^^^^^^^^Vontract; dwindle, 

shrinkage, etc (see 

unt of shrinkage, shrink- 

consumption, phthisis. 


(keit, /. tendency to shrink, 

ig; swingle, 
n. fescue grass, fescue, 
vibrate; swing, oscillate. — 
v.t. swfaig, wave; omtrifuge; winnow; 
swlnglc^-flchwlngend, p.a. vibrating, vibrar 
tory, oscillating, oscillatory, swinging. 

Schwingung, /. vibratioA swinging, swing, 

Schwingungsbewegnng, /. vibratory (or oscil- 
latory) motion. 

Schwingongsebene, /. plane of vibration. 

Schwingongaweite, /. amplitude of vibration. 

Sdiwingaiigawelle» /. undulation, vibrational 

Sdiwingimgnahl, /. vibration number, rate of 

SchwUignngneit, /. time of vibration. 

sehwirren, v.i. whiz, whir, buss, diirp. — v.f. 
whiz, centrifuge. 

Sdiwltse* /. sweat, sweating. 

sehwttsen, v,i. & L sweat. 

Sdiwitsmlttel, n. sudorific, diaphoretic. 

Schwltspolver, n. diaphoretic powder. 

Schwitsrttflto, /. steam retting. 

Schwttde, /. place where hides are limed; state 
of being limed. 

SchwSdebrei, m. (Leaiher) lime cream. 

Sehwttdefaas, n. iLeaiher) lime vat, lime. 

SchwMegmbe,/. iLeaiher) lime pit, Ume. 

Sehwdde man o e , /. (Leather) lime cream. 

sehwdden, vX lime (hides). 

sehwell, preL of schwellen. 

sehwomm, pret. of schwimmen. 

sehwor, pret. of schwftren and of sehwttren. 

schwttren, v.t. & t. swear. 

schwttl, a. sultry, dose. 

Schwolst* m. BwdUing, tumor. 

Schwund, m. atrophy, withering, disappearance. 

Schwong, m. vibration, oseUlation, swing; soar- 
ing, flight, activity. 

Sdiwongbewegong, /. vibratory motion. 

Schwimgbrett, n. spring board. 

Schwunggewlcht, n. pendulum. 

Bchwunghaft, a. swinging, soaring, lively. 

Schwungkraft, /. ooitrifugal force; vibrating: 
power; liveliness. 

S^wungmaschine, /. centrifugal whirler. 

Sehwnngrad, n. flywheel; balance wheel. 

schwur, preL of sdiwftren and of schwOren. 

Schwur, m. oath. 

schwttrig, a. suppurating. 

sd., abbrev, (siedend) boiling; (siedet) boils. 

s.d.» aif^prev. (siehe dies) see this, whidi see,, 

Sd., abbrev. (Siedepunkt) boiling point. 

Sebadnsilare, /. sebadc add. 

secemieren, v.L secrete. 


sechaatomig, a. hezatomic. 

Sechaeck, n. hexagon. 

aechsecUg, a. hexagonal. 

sechsfach, aechsflUtlg, a. sixfold, sextuple. 

Sechsflach, n., Sechafljirhncr, m. hezahedrcm. 

sechsflilchig, a. hexahedral. 

sechsgUedrig, a. six-membered. 

sechsmonatUch, a. half-yearly, semi-annual. 

se^ssfturlg, a. hezadd. 

sechaseitig, a, siz-dded, hezagonal. 

sechste, a. sixth. 

Sedislel, n. sixth. 

sechawertig, a. hexavaleat, sezivalent. 

seehswinklig, a. six-angled, hexangular, hex" 

aechafcUittg, a. sixfold. 

aechzelm, a. sixteen. 

sechzig, a. sixty. 




Sedativsals, n. sedative salt (old name for 
boric add). 

See, tn. lake. 

Seealgen, /.pi. marine algs. 

Seebad, n. sea bath; seaside resort. 

Seeerz, m. lake (iron) ore. 

Seegew&chB, n. sea plant, marine plant, sea- 

Seehnnd, m, seal. 

Seehundstran, m. seal oil. 

Seekohl, tn. sea kale. 

seekrankt a. seasick. 

Seekrebs, m. lobster. 

Seele, /. soul; mind; sbaft (of ar blast furnace); 
core (of a rope). 

Seelen-. of the soul, psychic, mental. 

Seelenforsdier, m. psychologist. 

seelenfroh, a. extremely glad. 

Seelenkunde, Seelenlehre, /. psychology. 

Seelenmhe, /. tranquillity; mental rest. 

Seemoos. n. sea moss, carrageen. 

Seepflanze,/. marine plant, sea plant. 

Seesalz, n. sea salt. 

Seeschlick, tn. sea ooze. 

Seetang, tn. seaweed (esp. Fueua)^ sea tang. 

Seetier, n. marine animal. 

Seewasser, n. sea water. 

Segel, n. sail. 

Segen, m, blessing, benediction; abundance, 

Segerkegel, m., Seger'scher Kegel. Seger 

segnen, v.U bless; cross. 

Seh-. of sight, visual, optic. 

Sehe, /. pupil (of the eye). 

sehen, v.U see. — o.t. see, look. 

Sehen, n. seeing, sight, vision. 

SehenswUrdigkeit, /. sight, spectade, curiosity. 

Seher, m, seer. 

Sehlehre, /. optics. 

Sehne, /. sinew, tendon; (MetoZ.) fiber; (Geotn.) 

Sehneisen, n. fibrous iron. 

Sehnen-. of a tendon, tendinous. 

sehnen, v.r, long, yearn. 

Sehnerv, m. optic nerve. 

sehnig, a. tendinous, sinewy; (Metal., etc.) 

sehnlich, a. longing. 

Sehnsucht, /. longing, yearning, desire. 

sehr, adv. very, very much, very well. 

Sehrohr, n. telescope. 

set, pr.8ttbj. of sein. 

selcht, a. shallow; low, flat. 

Seide, /. silk. 

Seidel, n. pint, half-liter; tankard (for beer). 

Seldelbast, m. mezereon (Daphne mezereum). 

seiden, a. silk, silken. 

Seidenabfall, tn. silk waste, waste silk. 

addenartigy a. dlky. 

S^denasbcMBt, tn. silky asbestos. 

Seidenbast, tn. tussah silk. 

Seidenbau, tn. silk culture, sericulture. 

Seidenfabrik*/. silk mill. 

£(eidenfibrin, n. fibroin. 

Seidenflor, tn. silk gauze. 

Seidengam, n. silk yam, spun silk. 

Seidenglanzt tn. silky luster. 

Seldenholz, n. satinwood. 

Seldenleim, tn. silk glue, seridn. 

Seidenpapier, n. tissue paper. 

Seidenraiipe,/. silkworm. 

Seidenachrei* m* scroop of silk. 

Seldlitzpolver, n. Seidlitz powder. 

selend, of sein. 

Seife, /. soap. 

seifecht* a. fast to soaping. 

seifen, v4. soap, lather; wash, scour; (Minifi/g) 

SeifenabfiUle, soap scraps. 

seifenartig, a. soapy, saponaceous. 

Self enasche, /. soap ashes. 

Seifenbad» n. soap bath. 

Seifenbalaam, m. soap liniment, opodeldoc. 

Seifenbereitung, /. soap making. 

Seifenbttdnng, /. formation of soap, saponifica- 

Seifenblase, /. soap bubble. 

Seifenbrtthe, /. soap suds. 

Seifenerde, /. fuller's earth. 

Seifenerz, n. alhivial ore. 

Setfenfabrikant, m. soap 

Seifenfabrikation, /^ 

Selfenform, /. soap 

Seifengold, tt. placer'' 

Seifenlauge, /. soap 

Seifenieim, m. soap glue, 
soap size. 

Self enldsung, /. soap solution. 

Selfenpolver, n. soap powder. ] 

Seifenriegel, tn. bar of soap, 

Seifenrinde, /. soapbark. « ' 

Seifenflchabaei, n. soap scraps. 

Selfenschaum, tn. lather. 

Seifenachmiere, /. (Leather) soap stuff. 

Seifenaieder, tn. soap boiler. 

Seifenslederaache, /. soap ashes.- 

Selfenstein, tn. soaiMtone, steatite. 

Seifentafel, /. slab Asoap. 

SeifenUlfelchen» n. cake or tablet of soap. 

Seifenwasser, n, soap suds. 

Seifenwurzel,/. soap wort; soaproot. . 

Seifenzinn, n. stream tin. 

seifl^, a. soapy, saponaceous. 

seiger, a. perpendicular. 

Selgerarbelt, /. (Metal.) liquation, liquation 

Seigerblei, n. liquation lead. 






Seigerdftmer, liquation drosB. 
Selgerherd» m. liquation hearth. 
Seigerhiitte, /. liquation works, 
seigem, v.t, (Metol.) liquate. 
Seigerofen, m. liquation fumftoe. 
Selgerpfanne, /. liquation pan. 
Seigerschiacke, /. liquation slag. 
Seigerstiick, n. liquation cake. 
Selgemngy /. liquation. 
Seigerwerk, n. liquation works. 
Seigtaettesaiz, n. Seignette salt (Rochelle salt, 

sodium potassium tartrate). 
Seihe, /. strainer, filter; (Brewino) spent malt. 
Seiheboden, m. strainer bottom, perforated 

SeUiegefftss, n. straining vessel, filtering vessel. 
seihen, v.t. strain, filter. 
Seihepapler, n. filter paper. 
Seiher, m. strainer, filter. 
Seihesack, m. filtering bag. 
Seihestein, m. filtering stone. 
Selhetrichter, m. straining fimnd, strainer. 
Seihetnch, n. straining cloth, filtering cloth. 
Seihgefass, etc. = Seihegefftas, etc. 
Sell, n. rope, cable, cord, line. 
Setter, m. rope maker. 
Seilerwaren, /.pZ. cordage. 
Seim, m. glutinous liquid; strained honey, 
seimig* a. glutinous, mucilaginous, 
sein, v.t. be. 
sein, prim, his, its. 
Sein, n. being, existence. 

seiner, pri 



sett, prejf. 


Selte,/. s|i 









of it, his. 
his part, 
hen, ever since. — eonj. since, 
(of a solid) ; page (of a book) . 

[kong, /. marginal note. 

»ltenecke, /. latehd summit, 
iteral face; flat side, facet, 
tide chain. 

length of a side, lateral length, 
r., SeitenrShre,/. side tube, branch 
tube, branch pipe. i ' 

seitens, adv. on behalf (of), on the part (of). 
Seltenstilcky n. sidepiece; counterpart. 
seither, adv. since then; till now. 
-seitlg. -sided, -lateral. 
seitUdi, a. side, lateral; collateral. — adv. at the 

side, laterally, 
seitwilrts, adv. eddeways; aside. 
Sekante,/. secant. 
Sekrety n. secretion; privy. 
Sekt, Sektwein, m. dry wine. 
Sektion,/. section; (JIfed.) dissection. 
sekondSr, a. secondary. 
SeknndJIrkrela, m. (£Iec.) secondary drcult. 

Sekondllrstraliliuic, /. secondary radiation. 

Sekonde, /. second. 

seibe, a. same. 

selber, jMron. self. 

selbst, pron. self, mysdf, himself, etc 

Selbst-. self-, automatic, spontaneous, auto-. 

Selbstachtnng, /. self-respect, sdf-esteem. 

selbeCandig, a. independent, self-dependent. 

Seibstbeherrschung,/. self-control. 

selbstbewiisst, p. a. self-conscious; conceited. 

Selbstbiographie, /. autobiography. 

selbstentzttndllch, a. spontaneously inflam- 

Sdbstentziindang, /. spontaneous ignition. 

Seibsterhitzimg, /. self-heating. 

sellMiterregend, p.^.*^ self-exciting. 

Seibsterzeiignng, /. spontaneous generation,, 

Selbstfarbe, /. self color, solid color. 

Selbstg&mng,/. iq>ontaneous fermentation. 

selbstgefiUlig, a. self-complacent. 

Selbstgefjlhl, n. self-consciousness; self-confi- 

selbstgemacht, p.a, self-made; home-made. 

Selbstglft, n. autotoxin. 

Sdbstherrscher, m. autocrat. 

selbstlflch, a. s^fish. 

Selbstkante, /. selvage, list. 

Selbstlaut, Selbstlauter, m. vowel. 

selbstlos, a. unselfish. 

Selbstltttung, /. autogenic soldering. 

Selbstmord, m. suicide. 

selbstredend, p.a. self-evident. 

Selbstrelnigung, /. self-purification, autopuri- 

Selbstschrlft, /. autograph. 

seibststttndig, a. => sdbstfindig. 

selbstUitig, a. self-acting, automatic; (of flour) 

Selbstnnterbrecho', m. (EHec.) automatic inter- 

Selbstverbrennimg,/. spontaneous combustion. 

Seibstyerdaaong, /. autodigestion. 

selbstverst&ndllcli, a. self-evident. — adv. of 

selbstwirkend, p.a. self-acting, automatic. 

Selbstzersetzong,/. spontaneous decomposition. 

Selbstzeugnng, /. spontaneous generation. 

Selbstzlinder, m. pyrophorus; self-igniter, au- 
tomatic lighter. 

Selen, n. selenium. 

Selen-. selenium, selenic, selenide of, selenc^. 

Selenblel, n. lead selenide. 

Seienbrflcke, /. selenium bridge. 

Selenchlorld, n. selenium chloride. 

Seienchlorttr, n. selenium monochloride (SesClt). 

Selencyanld, n. selenocyanate. 

Setencyankallom, n. potassium selenocyanate. 

Seieneisen, n. ferrous selenide (FeSe). 

Seienhalogen, n. selenium halide. 




setenhaltig, a. eontaining wlenium, aelenifer- 

:8eleiiic, a. aelenious. — seienice Sftare, BeleniDas 

•elenigsaaer, a. of or combined with aelenious 

add, aelenite of. 
Seleakapfer, n. copper aelenide. 
Selenmetall, tt. metallic aelenide. 
Seleooxyd, n. aelenium oxide, 
arienaader, a. of or combined with aelenic add, 

aele&ateof. . 
Selenailare, /. adenic add. 
Sdenachiamm, m. aelenium mud, aelenium 

alime (adeniferoua depodt in aulfuric add 

SelenaUber, n. silver adenide. 
Selenwaaaerstoir, m. hydrogen ad«iide. 
Sdenwaaauatoffafture, /. hydroadenie add 
aelig, a. blessed; happy; late, dsceaaed. 
SeOeriey m. & /. cdory. 
adten, a. rare, acarce, unusual. — ad . addom, 

Sdtenhdt, /. rareness, rarity, acardty. 
Selterswaaaer, n. Sdtzer water, adtaer. 
seltsam, a. singular, strange, curious. 
semlcyclisch, a. aemicydic 
Semidinnmlagenmg,/. semidine rearrangement. 
semimer, a. aemimeric. 
Semmel, /. rolL 
Semmelmehl, n. wheat flour, 
senden, v.L & i. send. 

Sendung,/. aending; shipment; pared; misdon. 
Senegawurzel, /. senega root. 
Senf • m. mustard. 

Senfgelst, m. (volatile) oil of mustard. 
Senfkom, n. mustard seed. 
Senfmehl, n. ground mustard. 
Senflil, n. muatard oil. 
SenfSleasigsaure,/. 2, 4-thiaBoledione Oiterally, 

mustard-oil-aoetic add). 
Senfaame, m. mustard seed. 
aengen, vJ. singe; flame; scorch, parch. 
Senkboden, m. {Brewing) false bottom, strainer. 
Senkel, m. plumjnet;. lace. 
senken, v.L sink, lower. — r.r. sink, subdde. 
Senkgmbe,/. cesspool; sump; catch basin. 
Senkkorper, tn.- dnker, bob. 
senkrecht, a. perpendicular, vertical. 
Senfc§^dd, /. specific gravity spindle, hy- 
Senkong, /. sinking, lowering, subddfaig; in- 

dination; hollo^v. 
Senkwage,/. = Senkspindd; plumb rule. 
Sennesblatter, n.pL senna leaves, senna. 
Senneastrauch, m. aenna (the herb). 
Sense, /. scythe. 
sendbel, a. sensitive, sendble. 
SendbUitat,/. sendbility, 
aepario^n, v.t, & r. separate. 
■aeptfadi, a. aeptic 


Serienaehnltt, m. aerial aection. 

aerVe* a. aeroua. 

Serviette, /. napkin. 

Se«un» m. aeaanie. 

SeaamM* n. aeaame oiL 

Seooel, m. easy-chair, atool, aeat. 

aeaahaft, a. leddent, aettled; stationary; aed- 

aetaen, «X aet,.put, place; plant; jig, deve 

(ore); wager. — r.r. aettle, predpitate, be de- 

pddted; aink, aubdde; dt down. — v.t. run, 

4eap, croas. — gesetat, p.a. aet, etc.; aettled, 

Bteady, aerioua; auppoaing, aaroming. 
Setaer, m. eompodtor; aetter; tamper. 
Setaerfehier. m. compodtor'a error. 
Setsiai^ai* m. auppodtory. 
Seadiep /. contagioua or infeetioua diaeaae, 

aenlken, v.t. dgh; groan. 
Sevenbaom, m., Sevenkraut, n. aavin. 
aezuell, a. aexual. 
aeaemleren, «.(. accrete. 
aederen* v.t. diasect. 
a.g., ab6re«. (aogenannt) ao-called. 
8.G., abbrep. (apenflachea Gewieht) apedfic 

ShiidndaSnre, /. ahikimic add. 
aicli, pron. on^df , himadf , heradf , itadf , them- 

sdves; each other, one another. 
Sichd,/. dclde; crescent. 
dcher, a. safe, aecure, certain, true. 
Sicherhdt, /. safely, security 
Sicherhdtalampe, /. aaf ety 
SIcherhdtsrohre, /. safety 
Sicherheitasprengstoff, m. 
SicherhdtatrichteiTolir, n. 
Sich^rhdtsveBtil, n. safety 
Sicherlidtasiindlidlzchen, n. saf et^||^tch. 
sichem, v.L secure, ensure, guarani 

ert* p.o. secured; guaran 
l^chemng, /. securing, aecurii 

curing) device, as an dectrit 

dchtbar» a. viable; evident, 
dchten, vM sift; bdt (flour). 
dchtlich, a. visible; evident, 
dckem, v.t. trickle, ooze. 
Sickerwaaser, n. ground water, 
de, pron. ahe, her, it, they, them. 
Sie, pron. you. 

Sieh, n. deve; screen, riddle, bdter, strainer. 
Siebboden, m. bottom of a deve; perforated 

deben, v.t. sift, deve; riddle^ screen, bolt, 
sieben, a. seven. 

debengUedrig, a. aevenHmembered. 
aiebente, a. seventh. 
aiebenwertig, a. heptavalent, aeptivalent 
aiebfSnnig, a. deve-shaped, sievdika. 



(or se- 





Siebmaschine, /. sifting machine, screening 

Siebmehl, n. coarse flour; siftins^ 
Siebplatte, /. sieve plate. 
Siebsatz* m. set of sieves. 
Siebschale,/. dish with perforated bottom. 
Siebsel, n. siftings. 
Siebstaub, m. siftings. 
Siebtronunel, /. revolving screen. 
Siebtuch, n. bolting cloth. 
Siebwasser, n. {Paper) back water, 
siebzehn, a. seventeen. < 

siebzig, a. seventy. 
siech, a. sick, sickly, languishingb 
Siedelibfalle, m.pU scum or sediment from 

Siedeapparat, m. boiling (or boiling-point) 

Siedeblech, n. boiling plate. 
SiedegefftsB, n. boiling vessel, boiler. 
Sledegrad, m. boiling point. 
Siedehaus, n. boiling house, boilery. 
Siedehitze, /. boiling heat. 
Siedekessel, m. boiling vessel, boiling pan, 

Siedekolben, m. boiling flask. 
Siedekorve, /. boiling-point curve. 
Sledelauge, /. boiling lye, boilipg liquor. 
sieden, v.t, & i. boil; brew (beer) 
Sieden, n. boiling, ebullition. 
Siedenlkssen, n. allowing to boil. 
Siedepfanne, /. boiling pan, evaporating pan. 
Siedepunkt, m. boiling i>oint. 
Siedepunktbestfmmong, /. boiling-point deter^ 

mination. <' 
Siedepunktserhllhimg, /. raising of the boiling 

Siederei, /. boilery, boiling room or house; 

(Sugar) refinery. 
Siederohr, n., Siedertthre, /. boiling tube, dis- 

Siedesal^il. common salt. 
Siedesole^ Ikrine. 
SiedevenML|m. delay in' boiling. 
SiedkeasJpm. » Siedekessel. 
Stedkolben, m. boiling flask. 
Sleg, m, victory. . 
Siegel, n. seal. 

Slegelerde, /. terra sigillata CLemnian earth). 
Siegellack, m. & n. sealing wax. 
Slegelwachs, n. soft sealing wax. 
siegen, v.i. be victorious, triumph, conquer, 
cdeht, pr. 8 ting, of seh^n. 
sieken, v.L crease, seam. 
Siennerde,/. sienna. 
Signatur,/. signature; mark, stamp. 
signieren, v.L sign; mark, brand. 
Sikkativ, n. siccative. 
Silbe,/. syllable. 
SUber, n. silver. 

sOberartig, a. silvery, argentine. 

Silberatzstein, m. lunar caustic (silver nitrate) » 

SUberbad, n. silver bath. 

Silberbaum, m. silver tree, arbor Dianae. 

SUberbelegung,/. silver coating. 

Silberblech, n. ^ver foil, (thin) silver plate. 

SUberblende, /. pyrargyrite; proustite. , 

SUberblick, m. brightening or fulguration of 
silver, silver ** blick." 

Sllberbrennen, n. silver reflning. 

Silberbromid, n. silver bromide. 

Silberbromttr, n. silver subbromide. 

Silberchlorid, n. silver chloride. 

SOberchlortir, n. silver^subchloride. 

Silbererz, n, silver ore. 

SOberesi^salz, n. silver acetate. 

SUberfahlerz, n, argentiferous tetrahedrite. 

siiberfarben, a. silver-colored, silvery. 

SilberfluorUr, n. silver subfluoride. 

SUberfolie, /. silver foil. 

Sllbergehalt, m. silver content. 

Sllbergewinnnng, /. extraction of silver. 

Silberglanz, m. dlvery luster; silver glance, 

sUbergl&nzend, p,a. silvery. 

Silberglas, SUberglaserz, n. argentite. 

Sllbergl&tte, /. litharge. 

Sllberglintmer, m. common mica, muscovite. 

SUbergold, n. argentiferous gold, electrum. 

sUbergrau, a. silver-gray. 

Sllbergrube, /. silver mine. 

sUberhaltig, a. containing silver, argentifer- 

Silberhornerz, n. horn silver, cerargyrite. 

SUberhiitte, /. silver foundry, silver works. 

SQbeijodid, n. silver iodide. 

Silberjodttr, n. silver subiodide. 

Sllberkupferglanz, m. stromeyerite. 

SOberlegiemng, /. silver alloy. 

SUberldsang, /. silver solution. 

SUbermOnze, /. silver coin. 

silbern, a. silver. 

Saberniederschlag, m. silver precipitate. 

Silbernitrat, n. silver nitrate. 

Sttberoxyd, n. silver oxidie. 

Silberoxydul, n. silver suboxide. 

Silberpapier, n. silver paper, silvere4 paper. 

sUberplattiert, p.a. silver-plated. 

Silb^plattierung, /. silver plating. 

SUber^obe, /. test for silver, silver assay. 

silberreicli, a. rich in silver. 

Siibersalpeter, m. silver nitrate. 

SObersalz, n. silver salt. 

Silbersdumm, m. silver in thin leaves. 

Silberscheidnng, /. separation of silver; silver 

Silberschlaglot, n. silver solder. 

Silberschw&rze, /. earthy argentite. 

silberschweflig, a. argentosulfurous. 

Silberspat, m. cerargyrite. 




SBbcn^eaagiiinT., m. anrimninlml ailTer, dys- 

SUbenstahl, m. silver steel. 
SUbertiegel, fit. sUver crucible. 
SUbervltrioL m. silver sulfate. 
SUberwareiiff/.pZ. silverware. 
Silberweiss, n. silver white. 
flUberweiss* a. silver-white. 
SUIdom, n. silicon. 
Silidom-. silicon, silico-, silidde of. 
Sflidumameisensliare, /. sUicoformic add. 
Silldamttthan, n. silicoethane. 
SUidumbromid, n. silicon bromide. 
SiUdumclil4Mrofomt» n. silicochlorof orm. 
Siiidumeisen, n. iron silidde. 
Silidomfluorid, n. silicofluoride (fluodlicate). 
SUidomfluorverbindungy/. fluodlicate. 
SiUdumflaorwasaerstoff, m., -stoffsftore, /. 

fluosilidc add. 
^lidumhaltig, a. containing silicon, siliceous. 
SUidumjodid, n. silicon iodide. 
Siliciumkarbid, n., Sittdumkohlenstoff, m. 

silicon carbide. 
Silldummagnesium, n. magnesium silidde. 
Silidnmmetali, n. metallic silidde. 
Sflidmnmethan, n. siUoomethane, silicon tetra- 

Silidumondsfture, /. silicoOzalic acid. 
Silidnmoxyd, n, aiUcon dioxide. 
Silidumozydhydrat, n. hydrated oxide of sili- 
con (silidcadd). 
£Hlidam8tahl» m. silicon steeL 
SUIdomtetrahydriir, n. silicon tetrahydride. 
Silldumverbindong, /. silicon compound. 
IWidumwasserstoff, m. hydrogen silidde, silicon 

Sflicon, n. silioone (the silicon analog of ketone, 

Silikat, n. silicate. 
SUikatgesteIn, m. silicate rock. 
SiUkoamelsen^nre, /. silicoformic add. 
Silikon, n. = Silicon. 
Silizidt n. silidde. 
Siliaum, n. ss SHidum. 
Silo* m. silo; {BrevHng) bin. 
simpel, a. simple. 
Sims, m. molding; shelf; cornice, 
simaitan, a. simultaneous. 
Sinaplns&ure, /. sinapic add. 
sind, pr, 1 &S pL of sein. 
singen, v.t. & i. sing. 
Binken, v,i. sink, fall, subside. 
Sinn, m. sense; mind; indination, f eding. 
Sinnbild, n. symbol, emblem. 
eirnien, v.i. meditate, speculate, think. — gednnt, 

p.a, minded, di8poBe4* — gesonnen sein, be 

inclined, intend. 
Sinnen-. of the senses, sensory, sensual. 
Sinnenwelt, /. external world. 
Sinnes-. of sense, sensory; of mind, mental. 

Siimeflnreriaeiig, n. organ of sense. 

Sinngedicht, n. epigram. 

simigetrea, a. faithful (translation). 

sinnig, a. sensible; thoughtful; ingenious; 

sfauilich, a. sentient, senmtive, sensuous, sensual. 

sinnlos, a. senseless. 

SUnnpflanze, /. sensitive plant. 

sinnreidi, a. ingenious; witty. 

Simuqiruch, m. maxim, motto, sentiment. 

sinnverwandt, p.a. synonymous. 

shmwidrig, a. unmeaning, absurd. 

Sinter, m. iron dross, dnder; sinter. 

Sinterkolile, /. sintering OMd, non-caking coal. 

sintem, v.t. sinter; trickle, drop; form sinter; 
(jCeramJ) vitrify. 

Sinterqoarz, m. sUiceous sinter. 

Sintersclilacke, /. clinker. 

Sinterong,/. sintering, etc (see sintem). 

Sinterwasser, n. (Min.) water impregnated 
with mineral matter so as to be capable of 
forming sinter. 

Sippe, Sippsdiaft, /. kin, kindred, set; (,BioL) 

sirupartig, a. sirupy. 

slrapdick, a. thick like sirup, sirupy. 

simplialt^v a. containing sirup, sirupy. 

sin^tts* a. sirupy. 

Simp^anne, /. sirup pan. 

Sitte, /. habit, custom, usage, practice; (pi.) 
manners, morals. 

Sittenlehre,/. ethics. 

sittig, a. modest; wdl-bred. 

sittlidi, a. moraL 

sittsam, a. chaste; reserved. 

Sits, m. seat; (of dothes) fit. 

sitzen, v.i. ait; (of dothes) fit; be in prison. — 
eltzend* pM. dtting; sedentary; (Bot.) ses- 

Sitzong,/. dtting, sesdon. 

Siftasungsberichte, m.pL reports of nrnrthiim^ pro- 
ceedings (of a sodety). ^ 

5^!' lit. /.scale. -^ ^ 

' '''^k.-'levintervaU, n. scale interval, soiMdividon. 

• s;^al<<ijtH>^er, n. scalenohedron. ^^ 

> SUalcnrohr, n. scale tube (of a spectroscope). 

• '-'kai. T).' iiiaharz, Skammonienharz, Slcammo- 

mnr. . 

^ . scammony resm, scanmumy. 

k. ..'•.• 

> wh, a. Scandinavian. 


, scapolite. 

(. •*»'•«< , 


^ '.7c. . 

i>' nlu 

'■ 'I'V ?, 

►'. . :! . 'fe, . 

..«..« l.'«> 

.. ^■■t.^'vy. 


. 'V r<»tiJa. 

bi. w'i'r,^ 






Sm r .'■'. -r..:. 

its, m. a kind of spirit made 
• ieicht Iftalich) very readily 
i.^.ziunkt) melting p<nnt. 




S.M^ aXibrev, (Seine Majestfit) His (or Her) 

Smalte, /. smalt. 

Snuu^cU m, emerald. 

smaragdfarben* a. emerald. 

Smaragdsriliit n. Guignet's green. 

Smaragdmalachit* m. euchroite. 

Smaragdspaty m. green feldspar, «mfl««pit«. 

Smirgel, m. emery. 

B.O., abbrev, (siehe oben) see above, vide supra. 

so, adv, so, thus. — eonj. so, then. — so ein guter, 
such a good; so etwas, such a thing; so • • • 
wie, as • • • as; so viel, so far as; so • • . 
anch, however. 

sobaid, conj, as soon as. 

Socletilt,/. society, company, partnership. 

Socket, m. base, pedestaL 

socken, v.i. crystallize out; (of metals) contract. 

Soda, /. soda (usually, neutral sodium carbon- 
ate; cf. Natron). — ^kausdsche Soda, caustic 

Sodaasche,/. soda ash. 

Sodafabrik,/. soda factory, alkali works. 

Sodafabrikation,/. manufacture of soda. 

Bodahaltig, a. containing soda. 

Sodakrisialle, m,pL soda crystals, sal soda. 

Sodakttpe,/. soda vat. 

Sodalange, /. soda lye. 

Sodaldsung, /. soda solution. 

Sodamehl, n. (Soda) sodium carbonate mono- 
hydrate in the form of powder. 

sodann, adv, then. 

Sodaofen, m. soda furnace, black-ash furnace. 

Sodarttckstttnde, soda residues, tank 
WOBte (in the Leblanc process). 

Sodasalg, n. soda salt (sodium salt), specif. , 
sodium carbonate. 

Sodasdi, melze, /. black ash. 

Sodasee, m. soda lake. 

Sodaseife, /. soda soajp. 

Sodastein, m. caustic soda. 

Sodawasser, n. soda water. 

Sodbrennen, n. heartburn. 

sodieren, v.L treat or wash with soda. 

soeben; ado. just, just now. 

sofem, eonj. so far as, inasmuch as. 

soff » pret. of sauf en. 

sofort, adv, immediately. 

sofortig, a, immediate, instantaneous. 

sog, preL of saugen. 

8og., (Mfrev, (sogenannt) so-called. 

sogar, adv, even. 

sogen., abbrev, of sogenannt. 

sogenannt, pui, so-called. 

soggen, v.i. crystallize out. — v.L precipitate in* 
the form of crystals, salt down. 

Soggepfanne,/. crystallizing pan. 

Soggesalz, n. common salt. 

sogleich, adv, at once. 

Sohlband, n. {Mining) matrix^ gangue. 


Sohle,/. atAe, bottom, bottom part, flcxHr. 

Sohleideder, Sohlleder, n. sole leather. 

Sohn, m, son. 

Soja, /. soy (the sauce) ; soy bean. 

SolbelUUter, m. brine cistern. 

Solbohrloch, n. salt well. 

solch, solcher, pron. such, such a. — solehe dlSt 
such as. 

Sold, m, pay. 

Soldat, m. soldier. . 

Sole, /. brine, salt water; salt spring. 

Soli, n. debit. 

soilen, v.i, shall; be, be destined, be supposed; 

SdUer, m. platform, balcony, loft, t«rraee. 

SollwMt, m. theoretical value. 

S4rforinsiare, /. solorinic add. 

Solpfanne, /. brine pan. 

Solqnelle, /. brine spring, salt weO. 

Sirfsalz, n. spring salt, wdl salt. 

Solvenzien,, solvents. 

solvieren, vj, dissolve. — solvierend, p,a, solvent* 

Solwage,/. brine gi^, salimeter. 

somit, ootv*. therefore, so. 

Sommer, m, summer. 

Sommerweizen, m. spring wheat. 

sonach, adv, accordingly, so. 

Sonde, /. sound, probe; plummet. 

Sonder-. separate, special, peculiar, exclusive. 

Sonderabdruck, m, separate impression, re- 
print, separate. 

Sonderaosgabe, /. separate editipn. 

sonderbar, a. strange, singular. 

sondergieichen, a. unequaled. 

sonderHch, a. special, particular. 

Sonderling, m, queer p^son, odd character. 

sondem, v,t, separate; sever; segregate; sort 
(ore, etc.). 

sondem, eonj, but. 

sonders, adv, separately. 

SondersteUnng, /. separate or special positioii. 

Sondenmg,/. separation, etc (see sondem). 

Sonne, /. sun. 

Sonnen-. of the sun, sun, solar, helio-. 

Sonnenaoge, n. adularia. 

Sonnenbahn, /. ediptic 

Sonnenblome, /. sunflower; heliotrope. 

Sonnenflnsternis, /. solar e6dpae, 

Sonnenfleck, m, sun spot. 

Sonnengeflecht, n. solar plexus. 

sonnenhafl, a, sunny, radiant. 

Sonnenhitze, /. solair heat. 

Sonnenlicht, n, simlight. 

Sonnensehirm, m, sunshade, parasol. 

Sonnenapektmm, n. solar spectrum. 

Sonnenstein, m. sunstone (aventurine fdd- 

Sonnenstrahl, m. solar ray, sunbeam. 

Sonnenstrahlong,/. solar radiation. 



/. aolstiee; heliotnqie. 
«. Sunday. v 

wgpe cta , usually, fonnorly. 
a. other, remaminc; f< 


/. aorbieafci 


9.L care, provide; be anxiooa. 

OMgfaitig, a. carefuL — adv. eaiefuUy. 

a. carelen, nneoneemed, redden. 
/. aort* quality, iHand. 
wJ. sort, 

as modi 

vX soople (sSk). 
a. A ads. ao 
aofsr as. 

f. BomOSc add C 



9.1. 8|^. 

, a. treOis; lane (<rf people), 
ai. split, rent, fiaanre, alit, 


/. width of slit (of a 
the like). 

/. split, etc (see Spalt); eainmn (of 



split, stit, rend, 

.; (JnTtalta^) 


/. (BoL) 
fnnci, ^^^****"*"y^****- 

(or fissure). 
tube, i^JiiM*"*"* (of a 

oi dearvage. 


wu diip, splinter, shaving, boring, ahred. 
'ipiafawi, a. {Brmcing) diip cask. 
/. daq», budde; stay bolt; braodet; 

a. eryBtaume pig iron. 

g. spangted, gljatening. 


red pepper, capsicum. — spaaiaches Rohr, 
^Musish (or Italian) reed {Arwmdo donax). 

, a. *»'«Mal«s ex tensible , ductile. 

/. tensihility, extensibility, duc- 



9JL strKch, strain; (of steam) in- 
the tpnsion of, supefheat; span; cock 
(m gun). — va. pindi; be exciting. — gespannt, 
yui. stretchfd, aiqwrheated, etc; tight; 

ai. thjrroid cartilage. 
/. tension; fntwaahiKty, ejqiaiisi- 



; stretching, etc (aee span- 
attention, subtense; strained 

ai. degree of 
fm ciectroino4 
/. (Ory. Ckemu) strain theory, 

, «. diffennee in tension; 
(£ke.) potential dillerenee. 
paaaaagBteilaat, au kn of tension, sped!., 
(£lse.) iosB of voltage ' 

in d icator; {EUe.) 

, ai. eeonoBBdcal burner. 
aX spare, a 


(variety of 

/. (C^iras..) 



a. iBioL Ch0wD 




at. rafter; 

a. sparing, *^*****'^''**^*'i doae. 

M. jokB, jest, fun, sport. 




Spat,ffi.qwr; spftvin. 

mf^ o* & od9^ late. 

spatertic* a. Bparry, apathie. 

Spa t rfaenatriii, m. spathic iron ore, sparry iron, 

Spatel, m. spatoUu 

spatelfiinnig, a. spatula-shaped, spatulate. 
Spaten, m. q>ade. 

spaUgt a. sparry, spathic; spavined. 
£^tstein, m. selenite, 
S^tz, HI. sparrow. 
qpasiereii, v.<. walk, stroll, ride, drive (for 

Specht, m. woodpecker. 
qiedell* a, special, spedfie. 

spedfiachy a. spedfie. 

i^ie^m. lard; lat; bacon; blubber. 

Speck-, fatty, lardaeeous, amyloid. 

apeckXhnllcii, iveckartig, a. fatty, lardaeeous. 

Speckhant,/. (Pkyaiol.) buffy coat. 

speddc, cu lardy, lardaeeous, vary fat; heavy 

(bread); flinty (barley). 
SpeckOl, n. lard olL* 
Speckstein, m. soapstone, steatite, talc. 
specksteinartic, a. steatitic 
Speckstoff, m., Speckaubstena, /. lardaeeous 

substance, amyloid substance. 
iQedieren, vA. forward, despatch. 
Speer, vu spear. 
Speerkies, m. spear pyrites (variety of marcar 

Speiche, /. epolkei (Anai.) radius. 
Spelchd, m. saliva, spittle. 
Speichd-* salivary. 
■peiciidbeflta^enMl, p.a. promoting the flow of 

saliva, sialagog. 
Speicheldriise, /. salivary gland. 
Speichelflass, vu flow of saliva; salivation. 
Speichelflttssigkeh, /. saliva. 
Speichelkasten, m. saliva chamber (as in a 

Spelchelmitt^, n, sialagog. 
Spelchdatoff, m. ptyalin. 
Spelcher, m. loft, granary, warehouse, store- 
house, elevator; (M eeft.) accumulator. 
speien, v.t. & t. spit; vomit. 
Spelse, /. food, nourishment; (Metal,) speiss; 

bell metal; gun metal; mortar. 
Spelseapparat, m. iMech.) feed apparatus. 
Speisebestandteil, m. constituent of food. 
Spelsebrei, m. chyme. 
Speisefett, n. nutrient fat. 
Speisegang, tn. alimoitary canal. 
i^etoegelb, a. pale bronze yellow like speiss. 
Speisehahn, m. feed cock. 
Speisehaus, n. eating house, restaurant. 
Speisekammer, /. pantry, larder. 
Speisekanal, m. •> Speisegang. 
Speisekarte, /.bill of fare. 

Speiaekobalt, m. smaltite. 

Spdsemasse, /. ration. 

speisen, 9M feed; eat. — v.i. eat, take food* 

S^lsefti, It. edible oil, specif., olive oil. 
Speiaeordnmig,/. diet, regimen* 
Speisepompe, /. feed pump. 
Speiserokr, n. feed pipe or tube, supply pipe or 

Speiserttlire,/. - Speiserohr; (AntU,) esophagus. 
Speisesaft, f». chyle. 
Speisesais, n. common salt. 
Spdaewasser, n. feed water. 
SpdsesDcker, m. table sugar. 
Speiskobalt, f». smaltite. 
Speisang, /. feeding, etc (see speisen); feed, 

Spektakel, m. & n. noise, uproar. 
Spektralanalyse, /. spectrum analysis. 
q^ktralanaiytiscii* a. spectroscopic, spoetro- 

Spektralapparat, m. spectroscopic apparatus. 
^pekCralbeobaditiiiig, /. spectroscopic observar 

Spektralfivbe, /. q>ectral color, spectrum 

SpektraiUnie, /. spectrum line, spectral line. 
Spektralprobe, /. spectrum test. 
Spektralrehr, n., -rdhre,/. spectrum tube, spec- 
tral tube. 
Spektraltafel, /. spectrum chart, spectral chart. 
Spektren^ n.pL spectrums, spectra. 
spektnmietrtoch, a. spectrometric 
Spektroakop, n. spectroecope. 
Spelse,/. chaff, husk, glume (of grains); awn, 

spenden, 9M spend, distribute. 
Sperbeere,/. service behy. 
Sperber, m. sparrow hawk. 
Sperling, m. sparrow. 
Sperma, n. sperm, semen. 
Spermazet, Spermazeti, n. spermaceti. 
Spermdl, n. sperm oil. 
sperren, 9.t, shut, shut up, confine, dose, stop, 

bar, blockade; spread out, space. — v.r. resist, 

struggle, refuse. 
Sperrfliissigkelt, /. confining liquid, liquid used 

as a seal (to prevent escape of a gas). 
Sperrhahn, m. stopcock. 
Sperrrad, n. ratchet wheel, cog wheeL 
Sperrventil, n. stop valve. 
Spesen, f,pU charges. 
spez., cibbrev. (spezifisch) specific 
Spezerei, /. spices; spioery, grocery. 
spez. Gew., abbreo, (spezifisches Gewicht) spe- 
cific gravity. 
Spezialfall, m. spedal case. 
Speries, /. sptsdea; spede; {Pharm.) simples, 

herbs, drugs. 
spezifisch, a. specific 




flplrilrlflch, a. spherical. 

^hMrokiistan, m. spherical eryatal, sphero- 

SphMrofliderit, n. spherosiderite. 

flpickeii, «.<. lard; smoke. 

•pie, pret. of speien. 

j^piegel, m. mirror, speculum; polished surface; 
surface (of liquids, fabrics, etc.) ; stem (of a 


Spiegel-, mirror, specular, reflected, reflecting. 

SplegelUld, n. reflected image, mirrored image. 

epiegdbUdiflomer, a. showing isomerism char- 
acterized by enantiomorphism. 

Splegeielaen, n. specular cast iron, mpiege^aman; 
specular iron (hematite of metallic appear- 

Splegelfaser, /. medullary ray. 

Spiegelflofls, n. spiegeleisen. 

SplegelfoUe, /. tin foil; silvering (of a mirror). 

S^egelgieeserel, /. plate-fl^aas factory. 

Splegelglas, n. plate glass. 

•piegellg, a. specular, mirror-like. 

Splegelmetall, n. speculum metal. 

■piegeln, v.L reflect. — r.i. shine, glitter. — vjr, 
be reflected. 

Splegelung,/. reflection; mirage. 

Spleke, /. spike, spike lavender. 

Splekttl, n. oil of spike. 

Spiel, ft. play, playing; game, sport; pack (of 
cards) ; (Meeh.) working, action. 

Spielart, /. variety; {Biol.) sport. 

•plelen, v.t. play; (of a gem) sparkle; {Maeh.) 
work, have play. — v.L play. — s^elen in, in- 
cline toward, be tinged with (a color). 

Splelmann, m. musician. 

fi^lelraum, m. play, latitude, margin; elbow- 
room, (Mack.) play; backlash. 

£4^idwaren,, toys. 

Spielzeng, n. playthings, toys. 

Spiess, m. spear, lance; spit. 

spiessen, v.L spear, spit, pierce. 

Splesegianz, m. antimony; stibnite. 

epiessglanzartig, a. antimonial. 

Splessglanzasche, /. antimony ash. 

Splessglanzbielerz, n. boumonite. 

Spiessgianzblende, /. antimony blend, kerme- 

Splessglanzblumen,, flowers of antimony. . 

Splessglanzbutter, /. butter of antimony (old 
name for antimony trichloride). 

Splessglanzerz, n. antimony ore (graves, stib- 
nite; schwarzea, boumonite; welsses, val- 

■plessglanzhaltig, a. containing antimony, anti- 

Spieaaglaiizkermes, m. kermesite; kermes min- 

Spieaaglaiizkllnig, m. regulus of antimony. 

Spleaaglanzleber, /. liver of antimony, hepar 

SpieMglammltiel, n. antimonial remedy. 

iflpif w^glsn ■ iiiohr, f». aethiops antinumlalis (old 

pharmaceutical preparation of mercury and 

antimony sulfides). 
Sple88glaBzocker» m. antimony oeher. 
Spleasglanxozyd, n. antimony triozide. 
Spleflsglanzsaffran, m. croeua of anttmcmy. 
Spleeeglanzsilare, /. antimonie add. 
Splewnglanzadiwefel, m. antimony sulfide. 
Spiessglanzsflber, n. dyscrasite. 
Spleseglanzwein, m. antimonial wine. 
SplewsglaiiTwelnntelii, m. iPharm.) tartmted 

Splesag l a n zwdaa, n. antimony white (trioxide). 
Spleasglanzzinnober, m. kermeaite. 
SplesBglaa, n. antimony. 

spiessig, a. spear-like, lanee-Uke, speary (ap- 
plied to crystallization like that of 

Splesskobalt, m. smaltite. 
Splkttl, n. oil of spike. 
Splnat, m. spinach. 
Spindel,/. spindle; pivot, axle, arbor. 
Splndelbaun, m. spindle tree; iPharm.) eacmy- 

spindelfttrmig, a. spindle-shaped, fusiform. 
Splndelpresse, /. screw press. 
Spinne, /. spider. 
spinnen, ».U spin; twist (tobacco) ••~4r.i. spin; 

Spinnengewebe, n. spider web, cobweb. 
Splnnfaser, /. fiber for spinning, textile fiber. 
Spinnwebe,/. cobweb, 
spinnwebenartig, a. cobweblike, arachnoid. 
SpinnwoUe, /. wool for spinning, spinning wool. 
Spion, m. spy; scout. 
Spirale, /. spiral. 
Sirfralfeder, /. spiral spring, 
spiraif ftrmlg, a. spiral, helicaL 
splrallg, a. spiral. — adv. spirally. 
Spiralllnie,/. spiral line, spiral. 
Spiralrohr, n., Sptralrtthre, /. spiral tube or 

pipe, worm. . 

Spirituosa, Splrituoeen, n.pL spirituous liquors, 

alcoholic liquors. 
Spiritus, m. spirit, spirits. 
spiritnsartigy a. spirituous, alcoholic 
Splritusblau, n. spirit blue. 
Spiritnsbrennerei, /. distillery. 
Splritosfabrik,/. spirit manufactory, distillery. 
Spiritusgeruch, m. odor of spirits. 
Splritusiampe,/. spirit lamp. 
Sptrituswage, /. alcoholometer; spirit level, 
spiroylig, a. spiroylous. — splroylige Sfinre, spi- 

roylous add (former name for salicylalde- 

hyde). « 

Spiroyisiiure, Spirsiliire, /.salicylic add (old 

Spital, n. hospital. 
spitz, a. pointed, acute, taper, adcular. 




SpUz, m. {Melal) paddle. 

Spitzbnbe, m. thief, rogue. 

Spitze, /. point; tip, top, apex, vertex, summit, 

cusp; laoe. 
spitzen, vJ. point, sharpen (to a point). — r.t. 

(of grain), sprout, spire, chit. 
SpltzenenUadimgf /. (EHec.) point discharge. 
Spitzenglas, n. reticulated glass. 
Spitzenpapier, n. lace paper, 
spitzfindig, a. subtle, crafty. 
Spitzglas* n. a glass of tall, conical form ; specif., 

sedknentation glass. 
Spitzhaufen, m. (Breunng) couch, 
spitzigy a. pointed, acute, sharp, tapering; (of 

colors) mixtury, not uniform. 
Spitzkolben, m. a flask with long, tapering neck. 
Spitzmalz, n. chit malt. 
Spitzname, m. nickname. 
spitzwinklig, a. acute-angled. 
Spleisse, /. splint, splinter, shard. 
spleissen* v.t. & i. split, cleave; splice. 
spliss» pret, of spleissen. 
Splitter, m. splinter, splint, scale, shard. 
SpUtterkohle, /. splint coal. 
Slattern* v.i. & t. shiver, shatter, splinter. 
sponne, pret.8iif^, of spinnen. 
spontan, a. spontaneous. 
sporenbiidend, p.a. spore-forming. 
SporenbUdung, /. formation of spores, sporular 

sporenhaltig, a. containing spores 
Sporn, m. spur. 
Sportel, /. fee, perquisite. 
Spott, m. derision, ridicule. 
Spottbild, n. caricature. 
spottbillig, a. diri>cheap. 
Spottdressel, /. mocking bird. 
spotten, v.i. mock, scoflf, ridicule. 
Spdtter, m. scofiFer, mocker. 
Spottg^dt n. trifling sum. 
sp&ttisch, a. mocking, ironical, scornful. 
Spottname, m. nickname. 
SpottpreiSy m, very low price. 
sprach, prei. of sprechen. 
Spmcfae,/. speech; language; discussion. 
Spracheigenhelt, /. idiom. 
Spracfaforschnng, /. philology. 
Sprachlehre» /. grammar. 
sprachlieh, a. lingual; graiQmatical. 
apnuMoB, a. speechless, dumb. 
Sprachschatz, m. vocabulary; thesaurus. 
^rachwldrig, a. ungrammatical. 
sprang* preL of springen. 
spratzen* v.i, spit, spurt. 
Spratzknpfer, n. = Streukupfer. 
^rech^n, v.i. & t. speak, talk, say. 
Sprecfasaal, m. hall for speaking, forum. 
q»reiten, v.L spread, q>read out. 
spreizen, v.t. spretd; prop up. 
Spreng-. explosive* blasting; sprinkling. 

Sprengapparat* m. sprinlding apparatus, sprink- 
ler, sparger. 
Sprengarbeit, /. blasting. 
Sprengelsen* n. iGUus) cracking ring. 
sprengen, vU. explode, blow up, blast, burst; 

sprinkle. — v.i. gallop, dash; sprinkle^ drizzle. 
Sprengfliifisigkeit, /. explosive liquid. 
Sprenggelatine, /. explosive gelatin. 
Sprenggranate, /. high-explosive grenade or 

shell, H. E. shell. 
Sprengkapsel, /. detonating cap, detonator. 
Sprengkohle,/. cracking coal (for cracking glass). 
Sprengkraft,/. explosive force, e3q>losive power, 
sprengkraftlg^ a. powerfully explosive. 
Sprengladung, /. bursting charge; charge of 

Sprengloch, n. blast hole. 
Sprengmlttel, n. explosive. 
Sprengdl, n. nitroglycerin. 
Sprengpatrone*, /. explosive cartridge. 
Sprengpnlver* n. blasting powder. 
Sprengsalpeter, m. saltpeter blasting powder. 
Sprengschnur, /. fuse. 
Sprengschuss, m. shot. 
Sprengstoir, m, explosive. 
Sprengtechnik»/. manufacture of explodves. 
Sprengmig, /^ exploding, explosion, etc. (a 

Sprengwirknnga /• explosive effect, explosive 

Sprengziinder, m. fuse. 
Sprenkel, m. speckle, spot. 
sprenkein, vd. sprinkle; speckle, mottle^ 

Sprenkler, m. sprinlder, sparger. 
Spreu,/. chaff. 

spricht, pr. S sing, of sprechen. 
Spridkwort, n. saying, proverb, 
spriessen, v.i. sprout, germinate. 
Springbrannen, m. fountain. 
springen, v.i, burst, break, crack; spring, lei^, 

jump, spout. 
Springfed^rwage, /. spring balance. 
Sprlnggurke, /. squirting cucumber. 
Springgorkenextrakt, m, elaterium. 
Springkolben, m. Bologna flask. 
Springkraft, /. springiness, power of recoil. 
Sprit, m, spirit, spirits. 
Spritdrucken, n. {Calico) spirit printing. 
Spritfarbe, /. iPalico) spirit color, 
sprithaltig, o. containing spirit, spirituous, (of 

wine) fortified. 
Spritlack, m, spirit varnish. 
Spritzbewurf, m. rough plastering. 
Spritze, /. syringe, squirt, sprayer. 
spritzen, v.i. & U squirt; spurt, spout, sputter; 

spray; throw (with a hose); inject (with a 

Spritzflasche, /. washing bottle, wash bottle 

(for washing precipitates). 

-' 1 



fljpriCmvrlBe* /. ■quirting cucohiImv'* 
1, m. spraying 

m. (Brewtng) Bparfer. 
agi l i unHtrt, II. xemedy administerad by 

»/.pL TenniedlL 

a> brittle, aiiort; siiyy prim. 
S|fl«dgiaa«n, SpriMgiaaers* n. brittle silver 

OTe» stephanite (sometinies, polybasite). 
SjrtMlgfcgit, /. brittleneaB, 

pret. of 

/. shootp sprouty gem; 
a cio p , oflspfing. 

».<. shoot, sprout, germinate; qning. 

', II. qprooe beer. 

in. essence cf. ^imce. 
tn. gemmiparons fungus, budding 

fungus (q>edf., yesst fungus, Saetharam^ion). 
opratte,/. sprat. 
BgnAt m, sentence, verdict; spying, motto, 

Spmdel, M. bot spring. 
spmddii, v.i. bubble, qiont. 
I^pmdeiaals, n. Karisbad salt, 
ftyadeiwtein, m, deposit from hot springs. 
■pi Bill II, s.t. spray, spit, scintillate^ drixde. — 

9 J. scatter, q>rinUe, emit. 
SprliMcapfer, n. » Streukupf er. - 
Sprung, m. craelc, diink, flaw, (of strata) fault; 

jump, spring, bounce, 
spncicen, v J. & i. spit. 
Spulc, m. spook, specter, 
spnlcen, v.t. be haunted; make a disturbance. 
Spiil-. rinsing, washing. 
SpOlbad, n. rinsing bath. 
Spule,/. spool; (JETIse.) coil; quilL 
Sptileimer, m. rinsing paiL 
spolen* tJL wind, re^ 
spttlen, 9.U rinse; wash, flush. 
Spiilfliiasigkeit,/. rinsing liquid. 
Spiilgefass, n. rinsing vessel. 
Spiilicfat, n. dishwater, slop; {DiaUUxTtg) spent 

Spolmasciiine, /. rinsing machine. 
Spilltopf, m. rinsing pot, rinsing jar. 
Spiilwasser, n. rinsing water; dishwater; water 

for flushing. 
Spund, in. stopper, plug, bung; ttmgue (of a 

spunden, tJL bung (casks); cask (wine, etc); 

tongue and groove. 
Spondlodi, n. bunghole. 
spandvoli, a. brimf uL 
^?«ir, /. trace; track, trail, scent; gutter, 

Spnrarbeit,/. {MeiaL) concentration. 
^puren* v.<. {MttaL) concentrate. 


tJL trade, trace, notice, 
adv. in traces. 
/. concentimtioii slag. 
npnnilwla, m. cooeentratioin metal, concentrated 


Sr., oMrw. (Seiner) His On titles). 

S-Rokr. n., S-Bttre, /. S^tube, S-pipe. 

S.S., a66r«9. (aeh Seite) 

SS.» oUfss. (Siuran) 

St, lOibra, (Stnnde) hour; (Sankt) Saint. 

Staat, m. state. 

Staata- state, government, public, political. 

Staataamt, n. public office. 

Staatabttrfer, m. subject, citiMn. 

Staatslehra,/. pditaeal sdenee. 

Staatarat, m. eoondl of stat^ state eouncfl; 
state councilor. 

StaatmeJtang,/. gaaette. 

Stab, m. rod; stick; bar; ataff. 

Stabbakterie,/. baefflua. 

Stibdtea, n. little rod or stick; baepliia. 

stibdioifBmiig, a. rod-shaped. 

Stabeiaen, n. bar iron. 

stabCBrmig, a. rod-shaped, bar-ehaped. 

alabil, a. stable. 

StabOiUlt,/. stability. 

Stabkranx, m. {BioL) oonma radiate. 

Stabt heim o mct er, n. & m. a thermometer 
graduated directly cm the stem (instead of 
having a separate scale). 

stack, vr^ of stechen. 

Stachd, m. sting, thorn, sfnne, pridde, prong. 

Stac hclbecre , /. gooseberry. 

Htariieilg, a. prickly, thwny; pungent, biting. 

Stadieimohn* ai. prickly poppy iArgenunu). 

Btarhda, wJL ating, prick, prod; spur. 

Starhelarhwcin, n. porcupine. 

Stocheiwaiswerk, a. {Madu) tootbed raUa. 

Stedei, m. shed; {MtUtL, etc) open kiln. 

Stadfann, ti. stage, phase. 

Stadt, /. town; dty. 

Stadthaaa, n. town house, town ball. 


steffleren,vJ. trim, equip; piepare (a dye bath). 

stagnioren, v.t. stagnate. 

stabl, preC of stehlen. 

Stalil, m. steeL 

Stahlabfall, m. waste sted, sted scrap. 

Stahlarbdt,/. steel process; sted work. 

staiilartig, cu sted-like, steely. 

Stahlarxn^/. medicine containing iron, chalyb- 

Stahlberdtmig, /. steel making. 

stahlblaa, a. sted-blue. 

Stablbledi, n. sheet steel, steel plate. 

StaUbraimen, m. chalybeate spring. 

StaUdraht, m. steel wire. 

Stahielsen, a. steely iron. 

stfthlen, v,L steel, harden; convert into steel. 




stiihlem, a. of steel, steel. 

Stahlerz, n. steel ore, specif., siderite. 

Stahlfeder,/. steel spring; steel pen. 

Stahlfrischfener, n. steel finery. 

Stahlguss, m. steel casting; toughened cast 

Stahlhahn, m. steel cock. 

Stahlhiitte, /. steel works. 

Stahlkobalt, m. smaltite. 

Stahlkohlen, n. conversion of wrought iron into 
steel by carbonization. 

Stahlmittel, n. =» Stahlarznei. 

Stahlmfirser, m. steel mortar. 

Stahlperle, /. steel bead. 

Stahlplatte,/. steel plate. 

Stahlpr&parat, n. (Pharm.) iron preparation. 

Stahlpaddeln, n. steel puddling. 

Stahlquelle, /. chalybeate spring. 

Stahlstange,/. steel bar. 

Stahlstechen, n., Stahistecherei, steel en- 

Stahlstein, tn. siderite. 

Stahlstich, m. steel engraving. 

Stahltrommel, /. steel drum. 

Stahlwasser, n. chalybeate water. 

Stahlweln, m. iron wine. 

Stahlwerk, n. steel mill. ' 

stak, pret. of stecken. 

Staket, n. stockade; railing. 

Statu m. stable, stall, sty, shed. 

Stamm, m. stem; stalk, trunk, stock, tribe, staff. 

Stammaktien,/.p2. (shares of) common stock. 

Stammbaum, m. pedigree. 

stammeln, v.U & i. stammer. 

stammen, v.i, spring, descend. 

Stammfarbe, /. primary color. 

stammig, a. robust, strong; stumpy. 

Stammkdrper, m. parent substance (or com- 
pound) ; parent body. 

Stammlinie, /. trunk line, main line. 

Stammsobstanz, /. parent substance. 

stammverwandt, p.a, kindred, cognate. 

Stammwiirze, /. original wort. 

Stampfe, /. stamp, stamper, pestle, punch, 

stampfen, v.i. stamp, beat, pound, ram, punch, 
— v.i, stamp, pitch. 

Stampfer, m. — Stampfe. 

Stampfhaafen, m. (Paper) batch. 

stand, prei. of stehen. 

Stand, m. position; stand; state, condition; 
height, level (of a liquid); rank, station. 

StandbUdf n. statue. 

St&ndchen, n. serenade. 

Stfinder, m. stand, standard, pillar, post, ped- 
estal; cistern, tank. 

standfUdg, a. stable. 

Standf<$stigkeit,/. stability. 

Standflasehe, /. a bottle (or flask) to be stood 
in a fixed place, as a reagent bottle. 

StandgefMm, n. a vessel made to stand in a fixed 

place, as a museum jar. 
standhaft, a. steady, constant, firm. 
atftndig, a. stationary, fixed, constant. 
Standkagel, /. stationary bulb. 
Standmdraer, m. a heavy mortar with a firm 

Standort, m. & n. station, stand; (Bot.) habitat. 
Standpnnkt, m. standpoint; standard. 
Standrecht, n. martial law. 
Standrede,/. harangue. 
Stange, /. stick; rod, bar, i)ole, 'of sulfur) roll, 

(of gold) ingot. 
Stangenblei, n. bar lead. 
Stlmgeneisen, n. bar iron, rod iron. 
Stangengold, n. ingot gold. 
Stangenkupfer, n. bar copper, rod copper. 
Stangenlack, m. stick-lac. 
Stangenschwefel, m. roll sulfur/ stick sulfur, 

cane brimstone. 
Stangenseife, /. bar soap. 
Stangensilber, n. ingot silver.' 
Stangenstein, m, pycnite (columnar topaz). 
Stangentabak, m. roll tobacco. 
Stangenzlnn, n. bar tin. 
stank, preL of stinken. 
st&nkern, v.i. stink. 
Stanni-. stannic, stanni-. 
Stannichlorid, n. stannic chloride. 
Stannichlorwasserstoffsaure, /. chlorostannie 

Stanniliydroxyd, n. stannit^hydroxide. 
Stannijodid, n. stannic iodide. 
Stanniol, /. tinfoil. 
Stanniozyd, n. stannic oxide. 
StannireUie, /. stannic series. 
Stanniverbindnng, /. stannic compound. 
Stanno-. stannous, stanno-. 
Stannochlorid, n. stannous chloride. 
Stannocfalorwasserstoffs&ore, /. chlorostannous 

Stannohydroxyd, n. stannous hydroxide. 
Stannojodid, n. stannous iodide. 
Stannojodwasserstoffsiiure,/. iodostannousacid. 
Stannooxyd, n. stannous oxide. 
Stannosalz, n. stannous salt. 
Stannosulfid, n. stannous sulfide. 
Stannoverblndung, /. stannous compound, 
stanzen, v.L stamp. 
Stanzpresse, /. stamping press. 
Stapel, m. staple; warehouse; pile, heap. 
Star, m. (Med.) cataract; starlhig. 
starb, preL of sterben. 
stark, o. strong; powerful, loud, heavy, fat, 

large. — adv. strongly, hard. 
St&rke,/. starch; strength; corpulency. 
Stilrkeart,/. variety of starch. 
stilrkeartig, a. starchy, amylaceous, amyloid. 
St&rkeblau, n. starch blue. 
StttrkefabrUc, /. starch factory. 




StirkegnicU m. degree of strength, intmaity. 

Stttrkegamml, n. starch gum, dextrin. 

fltiirkehaltig, a. eontaining stareh, starchy. 

Stilrkekleister, m. starch paste. 

St&rkekom, St&rkekSmchen, n. starch granule. 

Stilrkemeh^ n. starch flour, starch powder, 

sttrkomehtthnHch, a. amylaceous, amyloid. 

Stilrkemtttei* n. strengthening remedy, tonic, 

flttrken, vJ. starch; strengthen; refresh; con- 

Stilrkedrap, m. starch sirup, glucose. 

Stilrkeweizen, m. starch wheat, emmer. 

Stilrkexacker, m. starch sugar, (dextro)glucoae. 

starkfarbig, a. strongly colored. 

Smrknngsmittel, n. « Starkemittel. 

starkwandig, a. stout^walled, thick-walled. 

8tarkwirkend,7>.a. powerful, efficacious, drastic. 

Starr, a. rigid, stiff; numb; stem, stubborn. 

starren, v.i. stare; be numb, be stiff. 

Starrheit, /. rigidity, stiffness; obstinacy. 

starrkdpflg, a. headstrong. . 

Starrkrampf, m. tetanus; tonic convulsion. 

Starrleinen, n., Starrieinwand, /. buckram. 

StarrfiAnn, m. stubbornness. 

Stantracht, /. catalepsy. 

st&t, st&tig, a. fixed, stable, constant. 

Statik,/. statics. 

stationftr, a. stationary. 

statisch, a. static. 

Stativ, n. stand, support. 

Statt,/. place, stead. 

statt, prep, instead of. 

St&tte, /. place, room. 

statten. (in the phrases:) von statten gehen, 
take place, go off, pass off; za statten kom- 
men, be of use or advantage. 

stattflnden, statthaben, v.i. take place, occur. — 
stattgehabt, p.a. previous. 

statthaft, a. allowable, permissible; legal. * 

Statthalter, m. governor, viceroy. 

stattlich, a. fine, splendid, stately; portly. 

Stanb, m. dust. 

staubartig, a. dustlike, powdery. 

Stttubchen, n. tiny particle, mote. 

stanbdicht, a. dust-tight, dustproof . 

stHuben, vJ. dust, powder; spray. 

Stanbf&nger, m. dust catcher. 

staubfein, a. fine as dust, very fine. 

Stanbgef&ss, n. stamen. 

staubig, a. dusty; pulverulent. 

Staubkalk, m. air-slaked lime. 

Stanbkohle,/. coal dust. 

Staabsieb, n. dust sieve. 

Staubtee, m. tea dust. 

stanchen, vA. compress (by a blow); knock, beat. 

Stande,/. shrub, bush. 

stauen, v.U stow; dam up. — v.i. choke. 

^itaunen, o.t. be astonisheid, be surprised. 

Stannen, n. astonishment, surprise. 

staunenswert, o. wonderful. 

Stanung, /. obstruction, congest i on; rise (of 
water); stowage. 

Std., dbbrev, (Stande, Stunden) hour, hours. 

Stde., abbrev, (Stunde) hour. 

Stdn., abbrev, (Stunden) hours. 

Stearlnattnre, /. stearic add. 

Stearinseife, /. stearin soap, conomon soap. 

Stecha^el, m. thorn apple iDatum, esp. D. 
gtramonium); iPharm.) stramonium. 

stechen, v.L stick, prick, pierce, sting; tap; 
turn (malt); cut; engrave. — v.i. sting; in- 
cline; sprout, spire. — stechend, p.a, stinging, 
piercing, penetrating, pungent. 

Stecher, m. something that pierces or is stuck 
in, as a proof stick (for sugar) or a sampler 
(of various kinds) ; engraver; pricker. 

Stechheber, m. plunging siphon, thief tube. 

Stechkolben, n. pipette. 

Stechkonst,/. engraving. 

Stechpalme,/. holly; Christ's-thom (PoZtunw). 

Stechprobe, /. touchstone test. 

stecken, v.i. stick, stay, remain; hide. — v.L 
stick, set, fix, put. — stecken bleiben, be stuck, 
break down. 

Stecken, m. stick, staff. 

Steckenpferd, m. hobbyhorse; hobby. 

Stecknadel, /. pin. 

Steg, m. path; (snudl) bridge; crosspiece, stay, 
strap, bar. 

stehen, v.i. stand; be; become, fit; be respon- 
sible. — stehend, p.a, standhig, stationary, 
staple, upright. *«. 

Stehkolben, m. flat-bottomed flask. 

stehlen, v.t. steal. 

steierisch, a. Styrian. 

Steiermark, /. Styria. 

stelf, a. stiff, rigid, firm; awkward; formal; 

Steife, /. stiffening (starch, glue, size); prop, 
stay; stiffness. 

steifen, v.t. stiffen; stay, prop. 

Steifhelt, /. stiffness, rigidity. 

Stelfleinen, n., Steifleinwand, /. buckram. 

Steiftog, /. stiffening, sizing. 

Steig, m. path. 

Steigbttgel, m. stirrup; (Anat.) stapes. 

Steige, /. steps; ladder. 

steigen, v.i. rise, ascend, mount, increase. 

steigem, v.L raise, increase. 

St^erolir,'n. » Steigrohr. 

Stelgerung, /. raising, increase, heightening; 
comparison (of adjectives, etc.)* 

Steigraom, m. (Brewing) unfilled space above 
the wort. 

Steigrohr, n., Steigrdhre, /. ascending or rising 
tube or pipe. 

Steigung, /. rising, rise, ascent, increase; in- 
cline, pitch, gradient. 




steil, a. steep; precipitous. 

Stein, m. stone; rock; (gebrannter) brick; 
(Metal.) matt; (Med.) calculus, concretion.^ 
Stetki der W^sen, philosopher's stone. 

Stelnabfalle, stone chips, spalls. 

steinilluiUch, a. stonelike, stony. 

Steinalann, m. rock alum. 

Stieinarbeit, /. metal smelting; stone work. 

steinartig, a. » steinfihnlich. 

Steinauflfisangsmlttel, n. solvent for calculus. 

Stelnbrech, m. saxifrage. 

Stelnbrecher, m. stone breaker, stone crusher. 

Steinbrechmaschine, /. stone crusher, rock 

Stelnbrach, m. quarry. 

Stelnbithlergelb, n. barium yellow (barium 

Steinbutter, /. rock butter. 

Steindraek, m. lithography; lithograph. 

Stebidmckfarbe, /. lithographic ink. 

steinem, a. stone, of stone. 

Stelnfiachs, m. moimtain flax, amianthus. 

Stelngrtin, n. terre-verte (pigment made from 
glauconite or oeladonite). 

Steingut, n. (jCeram.) white ware (having a 
white absorbent body and soft glaze). 

steinig, a. stony, of stone, rocky. 

Stelnklee, m. meliiot iMeliloUis, esp. M. officin- 
alis)', white clover (Trifolium repens). 

Steinkohle, /. mineral coal, coal; specif., an- 

Stelnkohlcaiasche, /. coal ashes. 

Stelnkohlenbenzin, n. heDzene (or benzol (e), the 
commercial mixture). 

Steinkohlenbergwerk, n. coal mine. 

Steinkohlengas, n. coal gas. 

StelnkoMenschicht, /. coal seam, coal measure. 

Steinkohlenschlacke, /. (coal) cinders. 

Steinkohlenstaub, m. coal dust. 

Stelnkohlenteer, m. coal tar. 

Steinkohlenteerblase, /. coal-tar still. 

SteinkohlenteeresSenz, /. first light oil. 

Steinkohlenteerkampher, tn. naphthalene. 

Steinkohlenteerol, n. coal-tar oil (leichtes, light 
ofl;8chwere8, heavy oil, creosote oil). 

Steinkohlenteerpech, n. coal-tar pitch. 

/. coking of coal, coking. 

Steinkraut, n. stonecrop (Sedum), also various 
other plants. 

Steinmalz, n. glassy or vitreous malt. 

Steinmeissel, m. stone chisel. 

Stelnmetz, m. stone mason. 

Steinmdrtel, m. concrete; (Portland) cement. 

Steinnass, /. ivory nut. 

Stelnobst, n. stone fruit. 

Stelnol, n. petroleum. 

Steinpappe, /. roofing fabric, roofing paper or 
board; carton pierre. 

Steinpech, n. stone pitch (hard pitch). 

Steinpilz, m. Boletus edulis. 
Steinporzellan, n. hard porcelain. 
Steinreich, n. mineral kingdom. 
Stelnrdsten, n. roasting, of the regulus or 

Steinsalz, n. rock salt. 
Stelnsalzlager, n. rock salt bed. 
Steinschlag, m. broken stone. 
Stdlnwaren, f.pL stoneware. 
Stefauiei^, /. Stone Age. 

St^nzeug, n. (Ceram.) stoneware (having a vit- 
reous grayish body). 
Steiss, m. rump, buttocks. 
Steissbein, n. coccyx. 

Stell-. (Maeh.) stay, set-, adjusting, regulating. 
stellbar, a. adjustable; movable. 
Stellbottich, m. (Breunng) fermenting vat; 

(Dyeing) settling vat. 
Stelldichein, n. rendezvous, appointment. 
SteUe, /. place. 
stellen, v.t. place, put', set; regulate, adjust; 

stop, check; supply, fiimish; shade (colors). 

— v.r. place oneself , stand, appear; prove, be; 

pretend to be. 
Stellenzahl, /. (Math.) index. 
Stellhahn, m. regulating cock. 
Steilschraube, /. set screw; adjusting screw. 
Stellung, /. placing, etc. (see stellen); positions 

arrangement; attitude; constellation. 
Stellnngsisomerie, /. position isomerism. 
Steilvertreter, m. deputy, substitute. 
Stell vertretung, /. substitution; proxy. 
Steize, /. stilt. 
Stemmeisen, n. chisel. 
stemmen, v.L prop, plant; fell (wood); dam 

up (water). 
Stempel, m. .stamp; stamper, die, punch, pes- 

tie; piston; brand, mark; pistil. 
Stempelnuirke, /. stamp. 
stempeln, v.t, stamp; mark; prop, 
Stempelzeichen, n. stamp, mark. 
Stengel, m. stalk, stem. 
Stengelkohle, /. columnar coal. 
Stephanskdmer, n.pL stavesacre seeds. 
Steppdecke, /. quilt. 
steppen, v.t, quilt; stitch. 
sterben, v.i. die; die away. 
sterbiich, a, mortal. 
Sterbllchkeit, /. mortality. 
Stereochemie, /. stereochemistry. 
stereocfaemisch, a. stereochemical. ' 
Stereoisomerie, /. stereoisomerism. 
sterillsieren, v.t, sterilize. 
Sterillsierung, /. sterilization. 
Sterilltat, /. sterility. 
sterisch, a. steric, spatial. 
Stern, m. star; asterisk; pupil (of the eye). 
Stemanis, m. star anise. 
Stembild, n. constellation. 
Sternchen, n, little star; asterisk. 




Std^fceity /. cuDtinuity; 

ad9, eaatinnalSky, ever, 
tp «. rodder, fadm. 
Tp/. tax, duty. 

u leveoue board or 

a. dnty-free; exempt from t^TWi 
/. rereniie stamp. 
9J. Slu steer; regulate; pay (taxes), 
SUmtrmmg, f. steering, etc (see stenem); 
(Afaefc.) di strflwiii on, distributor (also steer- 
in* gear). 
fltirti, SI. pride, panetnre, stab; sting; stitdt; 
engraying; shooting pain; (of eolof*) east, 
.tinge; {Metal.) tapping, tapped metal, tap 
die Isopcn, leave in the Inrdi. 
,/. tap hole. 
StidwiseB, n. (MelaL) ti^yping bar. 
fltkJMl, tn. gravo', bmin. 
■flfhrin, 9JL prick, puncture. — •d. stitdi; jeer. 

Slidiflamme, /. fine painted flame. 

■lickhaltig, a. proof, valid. 
sttrhig. (with names of eolora) -tinged, -ish. 

Stidikaltar, /. sUb culture. 

SOddedi, n. tap hole. 

Slidiffroff; m. tap-hole plug. 

Stichprobe, /. sample taken by tapping or pierc- 
ing; {MetaL) assay of tapped metal; {Brew- 
ing) pricking test. 

■lidit, pr. S sing, of steehen. 

Slifdiwein, m. sample wine. 

Stichwort, n. catdiword. 

8lickdampf, StJckdanst, m. choke damp; suf- 
focating vapor. 

alicken, v.i. & t. dioke, suffocate; embroider. 

Stickerei, /. embroidery, fancywork. 

Stidcgas, n. nitrogen gas, nitrc^en; carbon 

Sttckkohlenstoff, m. nitrogen carbide, carbon 

Stickluft, /. dose air; nitrogen. 

Stfckoxyd, n. nitric oxide. 

Stickoxydiil, n. nitrous oxide. 

Stickstoir, m. nitrogen. 

Stickstoff-. nitrogen, mtrogeaurasy nitiiQ, ni- 
trous, nitride oL 

Stickstoffammoiiinm, n. ammonium nitride. 

StickstofTbenzojl, n. benzoyl nitride (or 

fa *!**— ■■■«— ***'"^ of ni« 

nitrogen dioxide. 

; m- 

a. containing 

.nitrogen, nitrog- 

rslriwm nitride, 
a. caibonyl nitride (or 


Kthinm nitride. 

magnesinm nftride. 
StidGBlaffnalitaBi, n. aodinm nitride. 

(any) oxide of nitrocen. 

*''4fr'rfrti>gffXTihiltafT, n. nitrooa oxide gas. 

, n. mercury nitride. 

«. mercurous 

a. ridi in nitrogen, higUy nitrog- 

Stickstoflflaaunler, «. eoOeetor of nitrogen, 
specif., a nitrogen-storing pJant Qeguminoos 

StidateibDber, n. mlver nitride. 

Stickstoilailfaid, n. nitrogen silidde (silicon 

Stickatofftttan, n. titanium nitride. 

StJckatoffvanadin, «. vanadium nitride. 

SHfkwtoff verfalndoag, /. nitrogen oompofimd. 

StiekatoffwasBeratoll^ m. hydrogai nitride, ni- 
trogen hydride (specif., the trinitride, HNs). 

ati c kst< ^ wa nf M'i nio ff iia nrr , a. of or combined 
with hydrazoic add, azide (or hydrasoate) of. 

Srt f katoJfwBnnPi n t e i fnB iire, /. hydrazoic add, 
hydronitric add. 

SlickstoffwaaseratoflidUirephenyleater, m. phe- 
nyl azide (or hydrazoate). 

stickt, pr. 5 stuff, of stecken. 

Stickwetter, n.pL {Mining) foul air, dioke 
damp, after-damp. 

stieben, v.L fly about dike dust), be aeattered; 

Stief.. step-w 

Stiefd, m. shoe, boot; case, barrd, tube. 

Stiefdiack, m. shoe polish.^ 

Stiefeisdiwarae, Stiefelwfcluw,/. shoe blacking. 

Stielmntt«>, /. stepmother. 

SUeimatterdirai, n. pangy. 

stieg, prei. of stdgen. 

Stiege, /. stairs; ladder; score. 

stlehlt, pr. S sing, of stehlen. 





Stiel, m. handle, shaft; stem, stalk. 
Stier, m. bull; steer; ox. 
' stieren, v.t. store. 

stiessen* prei, of stossen. 

Stift, m. pin, peg, tack, stud; pencil, crayon; 

tag; snag, stump; apprentice. 
Stift, n. (philanthropic) foundation; mona»* 

tery; seminary. 
stiften, V.L tack; found, establish, make. 
Stiftlkrbey /. pencil color, colored crayon, 

StU, m., Stilart, /. style. 
still, stille, a. still, silent, quiet; inanimate; 

stagnant, dull. — stille Entladung, (Elec.) 

silent discharge. — das Stille Meer, the Padfic 

Stille, /. stillness, etc. (see still). 
stillen, 9.t. still, allay, gratify, stop; suckle. — 

sUllend, p.o. calming, allaying, sedative. 
Stnimfttel, n. sedative. 
Stillschweigen, n. silence. 
StUlstand, m. standstill, stop. 
stillstehen, v.L stand still, stop. — stillstehend, 

p.a. stationary; stagnant. 
Stillung, /. stilling, etc. (see stillen); (Med.) 

Stillungsmittel, n. sedative. 
Stimm-. of the voice, vocal; tuning; of votes. 
Stimmband, n. vocal chord. 
Stimme,/. voice; vote; (musical) part. 
stimmen, v.i. be in time; accord, agree; vote. — 

v.t. tune; dispose. 
Stimmgal>el, /. tuning fork. 
Stimmung, /. tuning, tune, key; mood. 
Stimolantia, n.pL stimulants. 
stimolieren, vA. stimulate. 
Stimalienmg, /. stimulation. 
Stink-, stinking, fetid. 
Stinkasand, Stinkasant, m. asafetida. 
stinken, v.i. stink, smell foul. — i^tinkend, p.a. 

stinking, fetid. 
Stinkfluss, Stinkflussspat, m. fetid fluorspar 

(bituminous fluorite). 
Stinkharz, n. asafetida. 

Stinkkalk, m. anthraconite (bituminous lime- 
Stinkkofale, /. fetid coal. 

Stinkmergel, m. fetid marl (bituminous marl). 
Stinkqnarz, m, fetid quartz (bituminous 

Stinkraom, m. gas chamber. 
Stinkraumprobe, /. ga»-chamber test. 
Stinkspat, m. — Stinkfluss. 
Stinkstein, m. stinkstone (any fetid stone, 

specif., anthraconite). 
■tirbt, pr. S sing, of sterben. 
Stim, Stime, /. forehead, brow. 
Stim-. frontal, front. 
Stimrad, n. spur wheeL 
Stirrliolz, n. (wooden) stirrer. 

stob, preL of stieben. 

stttbem, v.i, hunt about, rummage; drift; 

stochem, v.t. stir, poke (fire); pick (teeth). 
Stdchiometrie, /. stoichiometry. 
stdchiometrisch, a. stoichiometric (al). 
Stock, m. sticli^ staff; stock; block; trunk, 

butt, stump; story (of a building); (Brick) 

stock-: utterly, entirely. 
stockbitaid,^a. stone-blind. 
stocken, v.i. stop, slack«ti, stagnate; curdle; 

mold; decay; hesitate, falter. 
Stockerz, n. ore in big limips. 
stockfinster, a. pitch-dark. 
Stockflsch, m. stockfish (esp. dried codfish). 
Stockfischlebertran, m. codliver oil. 
Stockfleck, m. moldy stain, mildew. 
stockfleckig, a. spotted with mold, moldy, 
stockig, stockig, a. moldy, musty; stubborn. 
Stocklack, m. stick-lac 
Stockschlacke, /. shingling slag. 
stocktaub, a. stone-deaf. 
Stocknng, /. stopping, etc (see stocken); dry 

Stockwerk, n. stpry, floor (of a building). 
Stoff, m, substance; stuff; matter, material. 
Stoffansatz, m. (Biol.) anabolism. 
Stoffanstausch, m. exchange of material. 
Stoffbildung, /. formation of a substance. 
Stoffbiitte, /. (Paper) stuff chest. 
StoffT&nger, m. (Paper) save-all. 
StofTgattung, /. kind of material, class of sub* 

Stoffknfe, /. (Paper) stuff vat. 
Stofflehre, /. chemistry. 
stofflich, a. material. 
stofflos, a. immaterial, unsubstantial. 
StofTmenge,/. quantity of a substance; amount 

of material. 
Stoffmtihle, /. (Paper) stuff engine, hollander. 
Stoffpatent, n. patent on a chemical substance. 
Stoffrahmen, m. filter disk. 
Stoffteilchen, n. particle of matter. 
Stoffverbraach, m. consumption of material. 
Stoffwechsel, m. metabolism; change of sub- 
Stoffwechselprodnkt, n. product of metabolism. 
Stoffwechselprozess, -vorgang, m. metabolic 

Stoffzahl, /. niunber of substances. 
stdhle, pret. aubj. of stehlen. 
stdhnen, v.i. groan. 
StoUen, m. gallery, drift, tunnel; post, prop; 

cake of butter. 
st<rfpem, v.i, stumble. 
stolz, a. proud, lofty. 
Stolz, m, pride, loftiness. 
Stomachale, Stomachalmlttd, n. stomachic 
Stopfel, Stopfen, m. stopper, plug, cork. 




Stopfen, n. stuffing, etc. (see stopfen). 

Btopfen, v.L stuff, fill; stop; constipate; dam, 
mend. — o.t. be costive. — stopfend, p.a, stuff- 
ing, etc.; astringent, styptic. 

Stopfmlttel, n. (Med.) astringent, styptic 

SU^werg, n. oakum. 

Stoppel,/. stubble. 

Stdpsel, m. stopper, plug, cork. 

Stttpselflasche, /. stoppered bottle. 

Sttfpselhahn, m. stopper cock, cock stopper. 

stdpseln, v.U stopper, cork. 

Stftr, m. sturgeon. 

Storch, m. stork. 

stSren, v.U disturb; trouble, derange, annoy, 
stir, poke. — r.t. stir, 

storrig, stdrrisch, a. troublesome, refractory. 

Stomng, /. disturbance; trouble, derangement, 

Stoss, m. impulse, thrust, push, blow, stroke; 
impact, collision, percussion, shock, jolt; re- 
coil; pUe, heap, (of papers) file; joint; blast 
(of a horn). 

Stossel, m. pestle; stamper, rammer. 

stoBsen, V.L push, thrust, hit, knock, ram; 
pound, bray, pulverize; join. — v.i. thrust, 
dash, hit (at, against, or upon); (of boiling 
'^' quids) bump, knock; recoil. 

-> > ■*T,m, pestle; rammer, pounder, knocker. 
^kt, m. point of impact. 

-, ..t. >• . ■* eing, of stossen. 

- » ■ . fdv, by starts or jolts, jerkily. 

. '. t . • • j[.>vrcussion wave. 

l-'w'.,?-. , r. p«-cussion fuse. 

J , -•••■. '. •• T. 

•V 1' 

h.-&- yv- . ■•"ty. 

Stnu^. ' • .?r<ii»'. ' ' :ualty, fine. 

strafeit.^ > t. i.-M -.i, ■ ■<.; rebuke. 

straff, a. Jtrei . '. i, cisht, tense. 

Sfraffheit,^. v^^i^ncas, tenseness, tension. 

Strafgeld, n. ta forfeit. 

■trilfllch, a. crimmal, wrong. 

BtrafloB, a. unpunished; innocent. 

Strahl, m. ray; jet (of liquid or gas) ; flash (of 

lightning) ; (GeomJ) straight line, radius. 
Strahlapparat, m. jet apparatus (as a steam-jet 

injector, pump, or blower). 
StraUasbest, m. plumose asbestos. 
Strahlbaryt, fit. radiated barite, Bologna stone. 
Strahlblende,/. sphalerite. 
Btrahlen, v.i, emit rays, radiate. — strahlend, 

p.a. radiating, radiant. 
Strahlen-. pertaining to rays or radiation; 

radiated, radiating; {AnaU) ciliary. 
Strahlenart, /. kind of ray or rays. 
strahlenbrechend, p.a. refracting, refractive. 
Strahlenbrechiing,/. refraction. 
Strahlenbrechungsmesser, m. refractometer. 
Strahlenblindel, n., StraUenbttschel. m. pencil 

of rays. 

StraUenfigar,/. radiating figure. 

strahlenf drmig, a. radiated, radiate. 

StrahlengHmmer, m. striated mica. 

Strahlenkegela m. eone of rays. 

Strahlenkupfer, n. dinodasite. 

Strahlenmesser, m, radiometer; actinometer. 

Strahlenpilz, m. actinomyces. 

Strahlenstein, m. = Strahlstein. 

Stfahlenwerfen, n. radiation. 

Strahler, m. radiator. 

Strahlerz, n. dinodasite. 

Strahlglps, m. fibrous gypsum* 

strahllg, a, radiated. 

Strahlkell, m. belemnite. 

Strahlkies, m, marcasite. 

Strahlpumpe,/. jet pump. 

Strahlpunkt, m. radiating point, radiant point. 

Strahlquarz, m. fibrous quartz. 

Strahlschorl, m. radiated tourmaline. 

Strahlstein, m. actinolite; amianthus. 

Strahlung, /. radiation; radiance. 

Strahlungsvermogen, n. radiating power. 

Strahlzeolith, m. stilbite. 

Strahne, /. skein, hank; strand. 

stramm, a. tight, te. se; robust; strict. 

strampeln, v.i. struggle, kick. 

stranden, v.i. be stranded, ground, be ship- 

Strandnelke, /. sea lavender (Limonium). 

Strandpflanze, /. seaside plant, littoral plant. 

Strang, m. rope, cord; halter; skein. 

strangfarbig, a. dyed in the yam. 

Strangpresse, /. (Ceram.) press for wire cutting. 

Strapaze, /. hardship, toiL 

Strasse, /. street; way, road; strait. 

Strassenbau, m. road-making. 

Strassenbeleuchtung, /. street lighting. 

stratifizieren, v.t. stratify. 

strauben, v.t. ruffle up. — v.r. bristle up; resist. 

straubig, straubig, a. (of wool) rough, coarse; 
rebellious. ' 

Strauch, m. ahrub, bush. 

strauchartig, a. shrublike, shrubby, fnitescent. 

straucheln, v.i. stumble. 

Strauss, m. bush; tuft, crest, bunch, bouquet; 
{Bot.) thyrsus; combat, strife; ostrich. 

streben, v.i. strive, struggle, press. 

strebsam, a. industrious; aspiring, pushing. 

streckbar, a, extensible; ductile; malleable. 

Strecke, /. distance, space, stretch, extent; 
(Mining) drift; (Metal.) drawing. 

strecken, vd, stretch; extend, flatten, spread, 
draw (metal or thread), roll (metal, glass, 
etc.) ; lay low, lay down. — v.r. stretch, spread, 
extend. — ^gestrecktes Eisen, wrought iron.— 
gestreckter Winkel, angle of 180 degrees. 

Strecker, m. stretdier; (Med.) exteaaaar; (Glass) 

Streckofen, m. (Glass) flattening furnace. 

Streckstahl, nu rolled steeL 





Streckang, /. stretching, etc. (see strecken). 
Streckwerk, n. (Metol.) rolling mill; rolls. 
Stretch, m. stroke; blow, stripe; trick, prank. 
streichbar, a. plastic (see also streichen and 

Streichbttrste, /. paint brush, varnish brush. 
Strelche, /. spatula. 
streicheln, v.t, stroke; caress. . 
streichen, v.f. stroke, rub; paint, varnish; whet; 

strike (matches); erase, cancel, knock off; 

mold (brick or tile); stain or coat (paper); 

card (wool); scrape (skins); spread (butter). 

— v.t. move, rush, sweep, etc.; rove, roam; 

{Mining) strike, run (in a certain direction). 
Streichfarbe, /. (Paper) staining color. 
Str^chflilche, /. striking surface (for matches), 

Streichholz, StreichhlSlzchen, n. friction match. 
Streichinstnunent, n. stringed instrument. 
StreSshkasten, m. (Dyeing) color tub. 
Streichmasse, /. friction composition (for 

Streichmiister,7n.(Paper)stained-paper pattern. 
Streichofen, m. reverberatory furnace. 
Streichriemen, m. razor strop. 
Streichstein, m. touchstone; hone. 
Strrichtorf, m. pressed peat. 
Streichziindhdlxchen, n. friction match. 
Streif, m. =■ Streifen. 
streifen, vU, stripe, streak, striate; graze; 

channel, flute; strip off. — v.i, graze; touch 

(on); wander, ramble. 
Streifen, m, band, strip, stripe, stria; streak, 

vein (in marble, etc.); strap. 
streiflg a. streaked, striated, striped, banded. 
Streiftang, /. stripii^, etc. Xsee streifen) ; stria- 

tion. ^ 

Streit, m. contest, combat, strife; debate, dis- 
streitbar, a. warlike, valiant. 
streiten, v,i. & r. struggle, contend, dispute. 
8treltig» a. disputed, questionable. 
streng, strenge, a. severe, rigorous, harsh, 

fltrengfliissig, a. difficultly fusible, refractory. 
Strenglot, n. hard solder. 
Strea, /. Utter. 
Streabiau, n. powder blue, 
streuen, 9.L scatter, strew. 
Stren^nz, m. brass powder, 
Streagold, n. gold dust. 
Streaknpfer, n. copper rain (partides of copper 

thrown from the surface of the molten 

Streapnlver, n. powder for strewing or dusting, 

specif., lycopodium or (for use against 

" mustard gas ") bleaching powder. 
Streanng,/. scattering, strewing. 
Strennidcer, m. powdered sugar. 
strlch, prei, of streichen. 

Strich, m. stroke; streak, stria; line, dash; (of 
wood) grain; train (of powder); batch (of 
bricks); (of doth) nap; track, region; course, 
direction; flock, brood. 

strlcheln, v.t. streak; shade, hatch; (of lines) 
break, dot. 

Stridikultur,/. streak culture. 

Strichpunkt, m. semicolon. 

Strick, m. cord, string, line, rope; snare. 

stricken, v.L reticulate, net; knit. 

strlckfdrmig, a. conUike, ropelike; (Anat.) 

stritt, pret, of streiten. 

strittig, a. contested, in dispute; questionable. 

Stroh, n. straw. 

Strohblume, /. everlasting. 

Strohdach, n. thatched roof. 

strohfarbig, a. straw-colored. 

Strohflachs, m. raw flax. 

strohgelb, a. straw-yellow. 

Strohhalm, m. (a single) straw. 

Strohhut, m. straw hat. 

Strohhtttte, /. thatched hut. 

Strohkessel, m, (Paper) straw boiler. 

Strohmann, m. straw man, dummy. 

Strohpapier, n. straw paper. 

Strohpappe,/. straw board. 

Strohstoff, m. (Pap&r) straw stuff, straw pulp. 

Strohwein, m. straw wine. 

Strohzeug, n. = Strohstoff. 

Strolch* m. tramp, loafer. 

Strom, m. stream, current, flow; (EHee.) current. 

Stromabwelchong, /. variation of current. 

Stromanzeiger, m. current indicator. 

Stromart, /. (EHee.) kind of current. 

Stromdichte, Stramdichtigkelt, /. current den- 

Stromdnrchgang, m. passage of current. 

Stromeinh^t, /. unit of current. 

str&men, v.i, stream, flow, pour. « 

Stromerzeuger, m. current generator. 

Stromgeschwindlgkeit, /. velodty of current. 

Stromlndikator, m. current indicator. 

Stromlndnktion, /. induction of currents, dec- 
tromagnetic induction. 

Stromkrels, m. (Elee.) circuit. 

Stromlauf , m. flow of current. 

Stromlelter, m. (EJlee.) conductor. 

IStromleitnng, /. (Elee.) conduction. 

Strcnnmenge, /. (Blec.) amount of current, cur- 
rent strengtii. 

Strommesser, m. current meter; specif., (Elec.) 
ammeter, amperemeter. 

StromqueUe,/. (Elec.) source of current. 

Stromregulator, m. current regulator. 

Stromrlchtong, /. direction of current. 

Stromschliissel, m. (EHee,) key, switch. 

Stromschwanknng, /. fluctuation of current. 

Stromspannnng, /. current potential, voltagt 
of a current. 



t in:- 


; by 

, fm levaaal of cnnent. 
OiiiBiam,/. ■treamms, flowing; poarinc; oxr- 

ient» stream, flood; tnuupintkm (of gaaes). 
StrMBoaterbrecker, n. dreiiit breaker; inter- 
StromTerbnoid^ m. eonainnption of current. 
I looB of current. 
r, m, {EUe.) commutator, 
m. (£Iec.) current reveraer; 

apeai., commutator. 
8troinzeigcr» m. current in d i c ator; speaL, 

8li— iiinn, n. stream tin. 
Strantian* m. stitmtia. 
StrMtfiancrde,/. strontia. 
■trontianhalligf a. mntaining atrontia, stron- 

8t«>ntianoalpeter» m. atrontinm nitrate. 
Stoandanwaasn', n. atrontia water. 
StroBdanzacko', vu strontium suerate. 
Strontinmjodid, n. strontium iodide. 
StroDtiamsalz, n. strontium salt. 
Strontium waaserstoff; m. strontium hydride. 
strotzen, v.i. swell, swell up, be swollen. 
Stmdel, m. whirlpool, eddy, vortex. 
Stmktnr, /. structure. 
Stmktnrfarbe, /. structure color. 
Strnkturformel*/. structural formula. 
■troktoridentiscli, a. structiirally identicaL 
■tmktnrioa, a. structureless, amorphous. 
Straktnnrerandmmg, /. change of structure. 
Stmmpf, m. stocking, hose; mantle (of a gas 

Stmm^band, n. garter. 
Steimipfwaren, hosiery. 
Stmnk,,m. stump, trunk, stalk, stock. 
stmppig* a. bristly, shaggy, rough. 
8tabbfett» n. stubb fat. 
Stnbe, /. room, apartment. 
Staccatar»/.» Stock, tit. stucco. 
Stfick, n. piece; bit, lump, fragment; 

cannon; {MetdL) bloom. 
Stiidicben, n. little piece, bit, pardde. 
Stftekenzacker, m. crushed sugar; 



Stttckerz, n. lump ore. 

StttckfXrber, m. piece dyer. 

•tttekfarUg, a. dyed in the piece. 

fltockgipfl, m. plaster of Paris. 

Stttdcgut, n. gun metal; {pi.) piece goods. 

Stttckkohle,/. lump coaL 

Stttckmetall, n. gun metaL 

Stttckofen, m. bloomery furnace. 

Stttckpreia, m. piece price, price by the piece. 

/. law ol 


9. m 



;; (Mai.) atooL 

dJHrhargc fraoi the 

StwhlriifAen, w. suppository. 

sti lp ea, 9jL turn upside down (or inade out); 
put (over or upon). 

Htwmm, a. dumb; mute, qieeddess, aHeot. 

Stofluncl, m. stump, end. 

Stamper, at. bungler, duffer. 

Stmnpf, m. stomp. 

stnmpf, a. blunt; obtuse; duIL 

stompfeckig, a. blunt-cornered. 

stompfkantig, «. blunt^«dged. 

Stnmpfkegel, m. truncated ecme. 

StmnpfsiBn, m. stupidity, imbecility. 

stnmpf winkiig, a. obtuse-angled. 

Stnnde,-/. hour; lesson. 

stfinde, preL sidij. of stehen. 

Htiindlirh, a. & adv. hourly. 

Stufp, f. stupp, merouial soot. 

Stivpfett, n. a greasy mixture -of hydrocarbons 
(phenanthrene, pyrene, etc.) obtained in 
refining stupp. 

stjirbe, preL suJbj. of sterben. 

Sturm, m. storm; tumult, alarm, fiuy. 

stOrmeD, v.i. storm; ring the alarm. 

Stnrmhut, m. monkshood, aconite. 

stiirmiach, a. stormy, turbulent; boiling (fer- 

Sturz, nu plunge, fall, overthrow; failure (in 
business); waterfall; (Iron) slab, plate. 

Sturzacker, m. new-plowed land. 

Stnrzbad, n. plunge bath, shower bath. 

Sturzblech, n. plate iron. 

Stilrze, /. lid, cover. 

sttirzen, vd. hurl, throw, jdunge; overturn; 
dump; plow for the first time; overthrow. — 
«.r. rush, plunge, dash. — v.i. fall; rush; pour 

Storzflamme, /. reverberatory flame. 

Stnte,/. mare. 

Stutenmilch, /. mare's mUk. 

Stiitze, /. support, stay, prop. 

stutzen, v.t. dip, top, crop, trim. 

Stntzen, m. (a i^ort piece of tube or pipe serv- 
ing as an) opening, connection, or socket; a 
low glass or cylinder. 




sttttxen, vjL support, prop, stay. — v,r. lean, rest, 
be based. 

Stutzer, m. dandy, swell. 

Stiltzflftche, /. supporting surface. 

Stiit^ewebe, n. supporting tissue. 

stutzig, a, startled, perplexed, nonplussed. 

Stiltzmittel, n. supporting medium. 

Sttitxpunkt, m. point of support; bearing sur- 
face; fulcrum. 

Stutzschwanz, m. bobtail. 

Stiitzsubfltanz, /. supporting substance. 

Stntzuhr, /.' mantle clock. 

Styphninsanre, /. styphnie add. 

8.U., abbrev. (siehe unten) see below. 

Subcbloriir, n. subchloride. 

SaberfauAure, /. suberic add. 

Snbhaloid, n. subhalide. 

subkutan, a. subcutaneous. 

Sublimat, n. sublimate; spedf., corrosive sub- 
limate, mercuric chloride. 

Sublimationswilrme, /. heat of sublimation. 

subiimierbar, a. sublimable. 

sublimleren, v.L sublime, sublimate. 

Sablimiergefiisst n. sublimation vessd. 

Sublimierofen, m. subliming furnace. 

Subllmierung,/. sublimation. 

Snboxyd, n. suboxide. 

Substanz, /. substance; matter. 

Substituent, m. substituent; substitute. 

substituierbar, a. replaceable. 

substitoieren, v.L substitute. 

Snbsdtuiening, /. substitution. 

Substrat, n. foundation; substratum; sub- 

Bobtrahieireiiy wjU subtract. 

Snche, /. search. 

suchen, v.L & i, seek; look for, want, try. — 
gesncht, p.a. sought for, in demand. 

Sacher» m. seeker, searcher; probe. 

Snchs^indel, /. exploring spindle (to indicate 
which of a set of hydrometer spindles is to 

Sncht, /. disease, dckness; epidemic; mania. 

Sad, m. boiling; brewing, brew, gyle; decoc- 
tion; iDyeing) mordant. 

Slid, m. south. 

sadeihaft, a. slovenly. 

Sliden, nt. south. 

Sadhaus, n. boiling house (or room); brewing 
house, brew house. 

sfidHch, a. south, southern. — adv. south. 

Sadsalz, n. boiled salt (common salt from 
boilednlown brine). 

Sndseifenbad, n. (Dyeing) broken soap bath, 
broken suds. 

siidwirto, adv. southward. 

Sudwerk, n. brew-house outfit. 

Sadweeeii, n. brewing. 

sfifllg, a. palatable; bibulous. 

siihneii, vJ. atone for. 

sakxemAy, a, succesnve. 

Solf-. sulf-, sulfo-, thio- (see note under 

Sulfaminsftiire, /. sulfamic add. 

SaifanOsttnre, /. sulf anilic add. 

solfantimonig, a. thioantimonious, sulfantim<^ 

Sulfantimonsfture, /. thioantimonic add, sulf- 
antimonic add. 

sulfarsenig, a. thioarsenious, sulfarsenious. 

Sulfarsenstture, /. thioarsenic add, sulfarsenic 

Sulfat, n. sulfate. 

Sulfcarbamlnsfture,/. thiocarbamic add, specif., 
/3-thiocarbamic add, HOCSNHs. 

Siiifearbanil, n. thiocarbanil (phenyl isothio* 

Suifhydrld, Sulfhydrat, n. hydrosulfide. 

Sulfid, n. sulfide; spedf., -ic sulfide (cf . Sulftbr), 

sulfieren, v.t. sulfonate. 

Sulfieren, n. sulfpnation. 

Sulfin, n. sulfonium, sulfine, SHa'. 

Sulfinsalz, n. sulfonium salt, sulfine salt. 

Snlfins&nre, /. sulfinic add. 

Sulflt, nr sulfite. " I 

Sulfitceilulose, /. (Paper) sulfite pulp. ' 

Salfitlaage, /. sidfite liquor. 

Sulfitverfahren, n. sulfite' process. 

Sulfkohlensilnre, /. sulfocarbonic add (trithio- 
carbonic add); thionocarbonic acid (HOC- 

Sulfo-. sulfo-, tiiio-. Preferably, sulfo- is used 
to designate the sulfonic group, and thio- to 
denote that sulfur replaces oxygen.) 

Sulfobase, Sulfobasis, /. sulfur base. 

Solfocyan, n. thiocyanogen, sulfocyanogen. 

Sulfocyaneisen, n. iron (esp. ferric) thiocya- 

Sulfocyankalliun, n. potassium sulfocyanate 

solfocyansaner, a. of or combined with sulfo- 
cyanic (thiocyanic) add, sulfocyanate (thio- 
cyanate) of. 

Solfocyansiiare, /. sulfocyanic add (thiocyanic 

Solfocyanyerbindnng, /. sulfocyanate (thiocy- 
anate). ■ 

Sulfogruppe,/. sulfo group, sulfonic group. 

Sulfohydrat, n. hydrosulfide. 

Solfokarbolstture,/. sulfocarbolic add. 

Sulfokohlens&ure, Sulfokarbons&ure, /. sulfo- 
carbonic add (trithiocarbonic add, HsCSt). 

Snifomonopersiiare, /. permonosulfuric add. 

Snlfoacarbonsfture, /. sulfonocarboxylic acid, 
sulf onecarboxylic add. 

sulfoideren, 9.<. sulfonate. 

Sulfonsfture, /. sulfonic add. 

Solfons&iirecarbonsiliire,/. sulf ocarboxy lie add, 

Solfosalz, n. thio salt, sulfo salt. 

Tabak, m. tobacco. 
Tabaksasche, /. tobacco aahea. 
Tabaksblatt, n. tobacco leaf. 
Tabaksbriihe,/. tobacco juice. 
Tabaksdamirf', m. tobacco amoke. 
TabakafalHik,A tobacco factory. 
Tabakakamiiher, m. mcotianin. 
Tabak«ranch, m. tobacco smoke. 
Tabaacldr* Tabaxir, m. tabaaheer, tabaahir. 
tabdlariflcli, a. tabular. — adv. in tabular form. 
tabrflariaieren, vJ. tabulate, tabularize. 
Tabelle,/. table; synopsiB. 
Tadei, tn. fault; blame; reproof, 
tadeln* v.t. blame^ eritidze, reprove. 
Tafd, /. table; plate, dab, tablet; she^ (of 

metal); cake (of chocolate); pane (of glass); 

slate; blackboard; chart; index. 
tafelartig, a. tabular. 
Tafelbier, n. table beer. 
Tafelblei, n. sheet lead. 
T&felchen, n. little table, tablet, platelet. 
Tafelliarbe,/. {(Calico) local color, topical color, 
tafelflinnig, o. tabular. ^ 
Tafdgescliirr, n. table service, tableware. 
iTafellack, m. shellac. 
Tafelmessiiig, n. sheet brass. 
tafehi* 9.{. dme, sup, feast. 
tafeln, vJL floor; wainscot. 
TafdSl, n. <4ive oil (for table use). 
Taf(di|iian^ m. tabular quarts. ' 
Taf elsaiz, n. table salt. 
Tafeischlefer, m. roofing date. 
Tafdqwt, m. tabular spar, woUastonite. 
Tafelwage, /. counter scales, platform scales. 
Taffet, Taft, m. taffeta. 
Tafi^pier, n. satin paper. 
Tag, m. day. 

Tageban, m. open working. 
Tageblatt, n. daily paper. 
Tagebvch, n. diary, joumaL 
Tagedieb, m. idler. 
tagelang, oclv. the day long, for dajrs. 
Ti^elolm, m. daily wages, day's wages. 
TageUhner, m. day laborer, 
tagen* v.u <btwn; (of assemblies) sit. 
Tageslicht, n. daylight. 
Tagespreisv m. current price. 
Tagesaeit./. daytime; hour of the day. 
taglidit a* daily, diurnal, quotidian. 

Tagwaaser, n. surface water. 

Taille,/. waist; figure. 

takeln, «.(. tackle; rig. 

Takt, m, (mudcal) time, measure; tact; 

(Modi.) stroke. 
Tal, n. valley. 
Talar, m. robe, gown. 
Taler, m. thaler (now three marks). 
Talg, m. tallow; (solid) fat, grease; suet; 

{Anai,) sebum. 
talgahniirh, a. tallowlike; sebaceous. 
Talgart, /. (variety of) tsJlow or solid fat. 
talgartig, a. tallowy; {AnaL) sebaceous. 
Talgbaum, m. tallow la'ee. 
Talgbrot, n. tallow cake. 
Talgdrttse,/. sebaceous gland. 
talgen, v,U tallow; grease. 
Talggrleben, f.pU tallow cracklings, greaves. 
talgig, a. tallowy; sebaceous; adipose. 
Talidicht, n. tallow candle. 
TalgttU n. tallow oil. 
Talgsllure, /. stearic acid. 
Talgschmdzen, n. rendering of suet or tallow. 
Talgseife, /. tallow soap. 
Talgsteln^ m. soapstonc^. 
Talgstoir, m. stearin. 
Talgz^e, /. sebaceous cell. 
Talk, tn. talc, talcum. 
talkardg, a. telcoee, talcous. 
Talkerde,/. magnesia; magnesite. 
Talkschlefer, m. talcoee slate, slaty talc. 
Talkspat, m. magnesite. 
Talkstein, tn. soapstone, steatite. 
TaloseU^msiiiire, /. talomudc add. 
Tamarindemnns, n. tamarind pulp. 
Tambour, m. drummer. 
Tand, m. trinket, bauble. 
tftnddn, v.u dawdle, trifle. 
Tang, m. seaweed, 
tangleren, v.U touch, be tangent to. 
Tanne, /. fir, fir tree (Abies species) ; Goosdy) 

Tannenbaum, m. fir tree; pine tree. 
Tannenharz, n. fir resin. 
Tannenzapfen, m. fir cone, 
tannleren, vd. tan; {